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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 27, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Temperature Unchanged Watch For The Threat of Red Sabotage' VOLUME 50, NO. 239 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 27, 1950 Chinese Attack Perils U. N. Drive Fire Losses in Nine States Top Browder, 5 Others Indicted for Contempt Washington Browder, one-time No. 1 America.! Com- munist, and five other persons were indicted today on charg- es of contempt of Congress. The indictments were based on the refusal of the six to answer questions asked by congressional committees or to give requested information. Browder, Frederick Vander- bilt Field and Philip J. Jaffe were accused of contemptu- ously refusing to answer ques- tions during a Senate investi- gation of "Communist-in-gov- emment charges." Dr. Edward A. Rumely, ex- ecutive secretary of the com- mittee for constitutional gov- ernment, and two others were indicted for refusing informa- tion asked by a House lobby investigating committee. The others were Joseph P. Kamp, executive vice-chair- man of the Constitutional Edu- cational league, and William L. Patterson, executive secretary of the Civil Rights Congress. Conviction for contempt ol Congress is punishable by up to a year's imprisonment and fine. Pittsburgh Digging Out After Storm TODAY- Unnoticed War In Indo-China 11 Deaths, Many From Over-exertion Pittsburgh This industrial By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington. It is a peculiar commentary on these times that a war on a large scale, can be fought without attracting more fcan the most casual attention. The fact is that, almost unnoticed, the whole character of the fighting in Indo- China has changed. What was un- til quite recently an indecisive guerrilla campaign has now been transformed into regular warfare, and major battles, on the scale of those in Korea, are now going on between French troops and the Communist forces of former Com- intern agent Ho Chi Minh. Indo-China is a distant and un- likely country which most people would have difficulty in identifying on a map. Yet what is now going on there has a very real meaning to this -country. For the French are losing the war which is now in progress. And if the French con- tinue to lose, the United States will sooner or later be faced with the choice of sending American soldiers to Indo-China, or risking the loss of all Southeast Asia. Regular Army Now Until recently. Ho Chi Minh's Communists constantly harassed the French, but they always avoid- ed open battle. In other words, they behaved as guerrillas should. Now they are no longer behaving like guerrillas. They sre behaving like j Allegheny, Monongahela and Ohio a regular army. dump their loads. The clang Guerrillas can never force a final of shovels against cement rang citadel today is digging out from under its longest, costliest, deepest and nastiest snowfall. The snow reached a record depth It fell continuously Eleven deaths re- of 27 inches. for 60 hours. suited in Pittsburgh. Six more deaths were listed in other equally hard-hit nearby counties. Much of Pittsburgh's booming industry, well acquainted with pe- riodic strike shutdowns, ground to a halt for another reason this time. Workers could not get to work. The weather forecast today call- ed for cloudy skies with a possible two to four additional inches of snow. Forecasters predicted slow- ly moderating temperatures with a low tonight of 20 degrees. Mayor David L. Lawrence de- clared a state of emergency and broadcast an appeal for all but es- sential workers to stay at home and help clear side streets. State Guard Aids Civilian Defense Chairman Ross Loeffler asked air raid wardens and civilian police to stand by their radios for calls to emergency duty. More than men are trying to clear main traffic arteries in the downtown section. Thousands more are working in the suburbs. The state guard made its trucks and other vehicles available for the gigantic task. The steel capital's previous big- gest snowstorm came in 1925. when 26.2 inches was recorded. Work crews filled huge trucks with snow and sent them lumber- ing off to Pittsburgh's Four Perish In Tower Hotel At Minneapolis Death Toll Rises To 12 in Biazes Across Nation By The Associated Press Fires in nine states caused at least 12 deaths yesterday and de- stroyed more than worth of property. Among buildings hit were a Min- neapolis hotel, a Hyannis, Mass., lodging house, the Arizona state Fifteen persons suffered injur- ies. Fire raced through the upper floors of the four-story Tower hotel in Minneapolis yesterday, killing four persons and injuring six. Seventy-five guests fled to safety in subfreezing temperatures. The hotel is located about a mile from the city's retail district, on 18 Injured In MonJovi Bus Accident Mondovi, persons were injured early today in a Northland Greyhound bus crash four miles east of here. Several of the injured were hurt severely. The bus was en route from Chicago to Minneapolis. Buffalo County Traffic Officer H. A. Zeichert, Cochrane, Wis., said that apparently the bus failed to make a curve at 4 a. m. Marks at the scene indicated the bus left highway 10, traveled 350 feet along a ditch on the left hand side of the road, swerved to avoid a cul- vert and hit a tree on the opposite side of the road 100 feet further along. The driver of the bus, Arthur Schultz of Minneapolis, was pin- ned in the wreckage for two and until the vehicle Seventh Division Troops struggle to free vehicles stuck in an icy stream near Kapsan during their drive north to the Manchurian border of North Korea. The division today was expanding its front along the Yalu river near the captured city of Hyesanjin. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) _____________ Firemen carried several down ladders to safety. Fire Chief eStimted irum uie uiij- icum one.half hours until the V seven corners near the University u d fr of Minnesota campus. I An unidentified woman seated be- hind Schultz also was caught in the wreckage. Schultz is in the Gillette hospi- tal here suffering from a fractured leg and multiple cuts and bruises. Also taken to Gillette were Janet Morgan, St. Paul, fractured knee, Destruction of the registration list delayed for several hours iden- tification of the dead, all perma- nent residents of the hotel. Seven stores in the building were damaged' by smoke and Firemen fought the blaze than five hours before bringing it under control. Dead Listed The dead: Nels Olson, 55; Henry M. Jemmings, Mrs. Edna Sell, about 45, and Gust Rosen, 70. A 77-year-old hotel guest, O J. La Doucre, clung to a chain sup- port of a sign for ten minutes be- fore firemen rescued him. Another guest, Patrick Schulze, 53, ran back into the burning hotel in a futile attempt to find his wal- let containing "I got some he said, "but couldn't find my wallet." and Mrs. Clara Venske, Evanston, ,111., fractured hip and scalp .e.r: I wounds. The other 15 injured were taken to Clinic hospital. An unidentified serviceman was treated and re- leased. The bus carried 19 passen- Bipartisan Foreign Policy Study Ursed gers at the time of the mishap, officials stated. The Clinic hospital list, without ages or street addresses, includes: Nancy Gerlach, Evanston, 111.; Nona Netteberg, Minneapolis; Joan Joyce, St. Paul; Carol Mae Brandt, St. Paul; Ardell Abrahamson, Grand Forks, N. D.; Doris Smith, a freight at a town depot today and both burst into flames. Three persons were injured, but no one was re- ported killed. The troop train, carrying about story wooden lodging house 200 soldiers, was en route from ing the deaths of Joseph M. Janes, j Extent of their injuries was not Savannah, about 75 miles By Jack Bell Edwin C. Johnson (D.-Colo.) proposed to- day the creation of a continuous bipartisan advisory commission to help President Truman shape the nation's foreign policy. Such a commission should be unaffected by national elections, Johnson said, "so that we would have a permanent foreign policy and other nations would know where we stand at all Johnson's proposal came as Sen- ator Hendrickson (R.-N.J.) an- nounced his support of a demand by Senator Taft for a re-examination of the American role in international affairs. It came, too, amid indications that much time of the short Congress session starting today will be oc- Troop Train, Freight Crash, 3 Persons Hurt Screven, troop train Gladys Paxton, Minneapolis; Vera Cause of the Minneapolis blaze j Mae Schroder, St. Paul; Laverne Bondeson, Lake Elmo, Minn.; Lea- was not determined. Massachusetts Blaze In Hyannis, flames gutted a nor Luthert, St. Paul; D. 0. Thron son, Minot. N. D., and Joseph An- Jr., 24, Edward Kelley, 22, and j available. Eino Mattson, 48. Officials of the Northland corn- northeast of here, to Camp Ruck- uiv umciais 01 uie uuiu-1 Three hundred convicts escaped i pany Minneapolis declined the scene to investigate. cement decision, because they can never out on downtown streets, finally defeat an enemy. But a regular army can force n decision. This is what Ho Chi Minh's newly organized army is trying to do, by achieving the final defeat of the French Army in Indn-China, and thus completing the conquest of Indo-Chin.i. The transformation of Ho's guer- rilla bands into a regular army has taken place in a number of training camps organized by the Chinese Communists on the Chin- ese side of the border. According to the best estimates, upwards of men have been trained and organized on a divisional basis in those camps. This army has been supplied with all the weapons (mostly American) necessary for regular oocn warfare, up to and including heavy artillery, Ho's new army has shown that it is trained to use these weapons efficiently. Moreover, airstrips are now be- inc: constructed in territory under Ho's control, which of course means that Ho will soon have air power at his disposal. Key Points Weak Ho's army has already proved that the French "strong points" along the border were really weak points, and one after another the French border fortifications have fallen. The important port of Hai- phong, the major city of Hanoi, ?nd the whole vital ricegrpwing Red river delta are now seriously menaced. The French reaction to these de- feats has been one of the few bright spots in the whole dark picture. Only a few weeks afio, the French were hinting broadly that they were getting ready to abandon injury when flames destroyed a j comment until wooded Alabama state prison bar-' racks near Montgomery. The fire was believed to have started from the chimney of a coal heater, over- taxed by 20-degree weather. The fire occurred before dawn. Guards and trusty prisoners awak- ened the sleeping inmates. None of the convicts attempted an es- cape after they left the flaming barracks. A fire raged for three hours and whipped through three blocks of buildings in Moultrie, Ga., a cot- ton and peanut center in the south- western part of the state. No in- juries were reported but damage was estimated at more than Fire departments from six a full report was sent to (Continued on Page 15, Column 6) ALSOPS But despite the snow' clearing towns, and hundreds of volunteers i fought the flames. Among the buildings destroyed were a cotton (Continued on Page 12, Column 6) FIRE efforts, amp travel is hazardous fouSht the flames. Among the where possible at all. More cab (Continued on Page 12, Column 6) PITTSBURGH It's Michigan vs. Bears in Bowl Pasadena, It will be California vs. Michigan in the Rose bowl January 1. The Pacific Coast and West- ern conferences made it official today by naming the winners of their respective conferences unbeaten but once-tied Cali- fornia; thrice-beaten, once-tied Michigan which lost only one in Big Ten play. Four Unidentified Persons perished when flames raged through the old Tower hotel, at the east fringe of the Minneapolis loop. At least six others were injured in the blaze. The building housed several businesses on the ground floor, and Fire Chief Reynold Malinquist said the loss may exceed Firemen are shown shooting water into a fourth-floor room. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Re- Burning oil from the Diesel en- gines spewed over the depot and cars of both the troop train and the freight. The depot and several cars of both trains were .destroyed. Army authorities at the scene said all the soldiers were account- ed for. Several had bruises and minor cuts, but none was report- ed seriously hurt. Most seriously injured was a trainman whose name was not im- mediately learned. He suffered broken bones when he leaped from cupied in foreign policy debate. Taft, scheduled to arrive in Washington during the day, said he will renew his re-examination de- mand despite editorial criticism of his foreign policy views by the Toledo Blade. Hendrickson was one of the "liberal, progressive and interna- tional-minded senators" to whom the Blade addressed an open let- ter contending that Taft's election Control Bill Being Drawn Tru man today asked that Congress extend rent controls until March 31. The present control program expires December 31 except in cities which decide they want to keep controls for six months long er. Acting shortly before Congres: reconvened, Mr. Truman sent Ie1 ters to the Capitol saying he fel the controls should be kept in fore until the new Congress, meeting January 3, has a chance to pass on the rent control issue. Mr. Truman's letters went tc Senator Maybank (D.-S. C.> and Representative Spence (D.-Ky.) chairmen of the Senate and House banking committees. Those com- mittees handle rent control legis- lation. Representative Spence said he probably will offer either today or tomorrow a bill to extend the-fed victory in Ohio did r.ot represent j eral rent control program for 90 a repudiation of administration days beyond December 31. foreign policies. Taft said he Spence, chairman of the House thought the newspaper represented banking committee, outlined his only its own views. (plans to newsmen in advance of With the Republican attack on I the start at noon of the final short foreign policies in mind, Senator Johnson told a reporter he be- lieves realistic two-party co-oper- ation on international affairs could be achieved if a commission of six Democrats and six Republicans were set up to advise the Presi- dent. "The members of this commis- sion should be chosen by their parties and not the Johnson said. "They ought to're- present the thinking of their par- ties. It ought to be a continuous :ommission, carrying over elec- mot tuck. IUO- ed here from Waycross, Ga., about 30 miles away, from Jesup, about 15, and from Lorenz Pleads Not Guilty Wabasha, Minn. A plea of not guilty was entered in district court here this afternoon by Charles Lorenz, 62-year-old Minneiska man indicted on a first- degree murder charge. Judge Karl Finkelnburg set Monday, December 11 at p. m. as the date of trial. Foley and Foley of Wabasha are the court- appointed attorneys for Lorenz who is accused of killing his wife March 31, 1933. Lorenz was brought here from Stillwater where he is serving time on an indefinite first-degree assault sentence. 15th Deer Hunter Killed in Michigan By The Associated Press Deer hunters have already shot and killed 15 of their fellow hunt- ers this season a total equal to last year's death toll, and four more days to go in the current sea- son. The 15th victim was Cecil E. Omans, about 40, of Mt Clemens. He was shot by Harvey Hickey, 32, of Detroit, a companion, while they were hunting late Saturday ia Maddnac county in the Upper Peninsula. nations would know where we stand at all times." Johnson said that such a com- mission could be given the kind of secret background information about international affairs that the administration has sometimes thought it unwise to make gener- ally available to Congress. The commission could digest and analyze the multitude of inci- dents that go into the making of foreign he said. "It then could recommend a course to the President. Naturally, the President would retain the final decision." session of the 81st Congress. Spence said that before introduc- ing his rent bill he planned to con- fer with Senator Maybank (D.-S. chairman of the Senate bank- ing committee. Maybank has pre- dicted the rent program will be extended, but has indicated he wants any continuance limited to 60 days. WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 30; minimum, 11; noon, 30; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Max- imum, 32; minimum, 19; noon, 23; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly ROKs, Yanks Pull Back in North Korea Communists Roll Back Northwest Front in Offensive BULLETIN U.S. Army Eighth Headquart- ers Korean war entered a real crisis for the United to- day with collapse of the Kore- an Republican Second corps in a two-day retreat of up to 20 miles on the Eighth right flank. Tokyo Bugle-blaring Chi- nese Red attacks today threaten- ed complete collapse of the big United Nations end-of-the war of- fensive. Elements of two Chinese Com- munist armies more than 000 men rolled back the Allies' entire northwest Korean front. Tha characteristic bugle calls of the Chinese Reds pierced the frozen night air as enemy troops swarm- ed to the attack. A.P. Correspondent Don Whjte- head, with the U. S. 25th division, the situation this way: The big United Nations offen- sive to bring in early end to the Korean war threaten- ed with complete collapse to- day. This was the stark real- ity of the situation after 48 hours of savage fighting. "Chinese end North Korean Red troops have dealt stun- ning blow to United Nations forces. The offensive that roll- ed forward for two has been stopped cold. U. N. troops are on the defensive after giv- ing up molt of their gains." Reserve unite of Americans, British and Turks were rushed up to bolster a sagging 30-mile east- ern section of the winding 80-mile front stretching inland from the Yellow sea. The front runs from 40 to 60 miles south of the Man- cburian border. An estimated of them Chinese in quilted winter uniforms began the counter-as- sault late Saturday night. Republic of Korea (ROK) troopi and the U. S. Second and 25th di- visions bore the brunt of the at- tacks, which continued with in- creasing fury Sunday night. The situation on the eastern flank, manned by the ROK Sev- enth, Eighth and Sixth divisions, was not clear. Fighting withdraw- als of four to 11 miles in the ROK sector were reported Sunday. Field dispatches indicated heavy Allied casualties. Correspondent Whitehead said the "reversal in battle fortunes came with startling suddenness and the Eighth army is battling (Continued on Page 9, Column 2) KOREA Chinese Reds Start Talks Lake Success The Chinese Communists made a dramatically timed entrance into a United Na- tions body for the first time to- day. They appeared before the gen- eral assembly's political commit- tee for a debate on Formosa. The Reds took their seals in the committee room while Soviet For- cloudy tonight and Tuesday. No i eign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky important change in temperature. was charging the United States Low tonight 15 in city, 12 in coun-1 wjth try. High Tuesday afternoon 30. Additional weather on Page 13. Formosa into a military base and clamping a nav- al blockade on the island. A Cleveland Transit Plow, cutting a path for a long line of streetcars along St. Clair avenue in Cleveland, is shown stalled after encountering more snow than it could handle following the blizzard. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) ;