Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 24, 1948, Winona, Minnesota
VOLUME 48, NO. 238 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 24, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES Clemency Denied Tojo and Aides Loss In Derailment Billions in Aid Will Go To Far East Policy Being Worked Out In Washington By John M. Hightower communist sweep In China appears certain to cost the United States more billions in foreign aid over the next few or not this country decides to give grand scale help to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. As policy planners here see the picture, two points stand out: 1. If President Truman and Sec- retary of State Marshall determine that China still can be saved from decide to go ahead with an aid will have to ask the new Congrers for several hundred million dollars at least. And that would be just a starter, since any new China program is regarded as a long-term undertaking. 2. spite of American help i or without China falls to the newspaper reports agreed on what communists, the task of rebuilding] was happening. It was certain only Japan and providing it with a stable! that major fighting raged on the Ira, Iowa Fifteen cars of an 85-car Great Western freight train were destroyed in a. .spectacular derailment and fire last night and a railroad spokesman said the loss would be at least The fire started when one of four fuel cars exploded at the time of the derailment which occurred as the train passed through this little town. Firemen from four towns fought the blaze. The flames, visible for many miles, destroyed a cargo of fuel oil, lumber, wheat and fertilizer. Chiang Army Wins Battle; Losing War Nanking- The government continued to win the battle of Su- chow on paper today, but neutral sources believed it was steadily losing vital ground to hard-pressing communist troops. Not even the pro-government Republican-Herald photo by Merrltt Keller You Don't Have to have much to be thankful. The married student veterans in the East End bar- racks are preparing for Thanksgiving. Some, like the Horst Badtkes, above, have only their GJ. allot- ment to live on. But by careful planning and fortitude they are able to make ends meet. Here Lila- Radtke places a pie In the oven while husband Horst and little Mark stand by. In spite of hardships, veterans and their families are grateful.for their advantages and take their financial limitations in stride. Thanksgiving at SpHnteiville Student Veterans Have little, But All Express Thankfulness The Alsops Kremlin Pays for Propaganda By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington Every reasonably well-informed person knows that the Soviet union gives financial sup- port to the world communist move-! meat. Yet very little has been! known of just how this is done. It is this which makes so interest- ing the specific details of Soviet financial support for the French Communist party which caroe to light during the recent French coal strike. Some of the facts were revealed On more than on any other ought to count his many blessings and humbly give his thanks. At a time when there is confusion in the world and it costs so much to live, humans are likely to measure a man's worth purely in material things. It is heartwarming thus to visit a courageous group of young people who have little but who are thankful for their blessings. It is refreshing to talk to them. These are the little publicized) veterans and live in their economy will be much more costly. That Is because Japan would find trade relations communist Chi- na more difficult. In addition, If a communist China should prove actively hostile to the west In the cold war, military leaders might consider it essential to strengthen American defenses in the western Pacific. That, however, is no more than a speculative possi- bility at the moment. These factors, as well as the im- pact of a red victory in China on the whole antlcommunist struggle, are believed to be before Mr. Tru- man and Marshall as they cope with the problem of developing their Chi- na policy to deal with present crises. Marshall was scheduled to meet Hankow 585 miles west.) Breen Apologizes, Pays Bill for Cost of Search plains commanding the approach to Nanking, China's capital, less than 200 miles south of Suchow. The weather, a key factor, turn- ed against the Suchow defenders. Increasing cloudiness hampered air support such as helped nationalist ground troops blunt the nists' opening offensive last week. (Shanghai, 165 miles southeast of Nanking, showed Its worry. Chinese officials discussed "total war" plans. British authorities set up three safety zones for their women and children. U. S. Army planes evacu- ated American school children from Kuling, China's summer capital 460 miles west of Shanghai. Other air- craft evacuated 20 Americans" from the President again today for their second foreign policy conference In three days. Their first talk took place on Monday shortly after the secretary returned from the United Nations meeting at Paris. But If any decisions were reached main fighting appeared to have erupted on the eastern flank of the Suchow battle. Neutral ob- servers doubted government reports of successes in this area. Singer Bobby Breen, right, smUes as his manager, Ernie Roth, greets him at Glidden, Wis., following a widespread search of the Wisconsin northwoods in the fear Breen and his pilot had crashed en route to Hayward for a hunting trip. Ereen, who had been at a hotel in Glidden while pilots and hunters searched for him, insisted lie had not perpetrated a publicity stunt. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Hayward, public apology and about is the price Singer Bobby Breen for the 36 hours a posse spent slogging through snow-choked forests looking for him while he relaxed at a hotel under an assumed name. The issued early today. The County District Attorney Winslow Davis' payable at once. Breen spent most of yesterday explaining to Ashland and Sawyer county authorities why he didn't try a little harder to report his whereabouts after his chartered plane was forced down Sunday. The plane was piloted by Kenneth IA eu-ij WCJ.G then they were not disclosed. Secrecy! San Francisco by The Assoclatedj even covered the question of whetherPress, declared yesterday red forces Marshall will continue as completely destroyed national- ist General Huang Po-tao's Seventh of state or soon retire. Some word on this and other ques- tions was possible later today. Mar- shall arranged to hold a news con- ference after his talk with the Pres- ident. Meanwhile, it is understood that Chiang, in connection with his ap- peal to President Truman for urgent assistance, proposed that a promi- nent American military leader someone with great sent to head this country's military mis-! sion In China. Thompson of Waukesha, who re- mained with Breen at a Glidden ,hearrtI5 hotel while searching parties combed ,_ wilderness on the ground and a flyer dared hazardous weather con- ditions to hunt by air. Officials of the two counties said they would not bring any charges against the 21-year-old former child movie star. District Attorney Clarence Olson of Ashland county reprimanded both Breen and Thompson for their failure to notify someone they -were safe after the plane landed. District Attorney Davis went a little further. He presented Breen with a bill for expenses incurred a few days ago In the French As- sembly by the leftwing Socialist Jules Moch, the French minister of, the Interior. Others have become available since. The facts concern the role played by a peculiar finan- cial institution which is known as the "Commercial Bank of Northern Europe." Ostensibly, this is just a bank Three Hunters Shot to Death In Minnesota By The Associated Press their families who barracks homes a stone's throw from the dumps on the east edge of town, Part-Time Jobs Most of these are student families living on monthly that the government allots them. Actually, few are able to make meager ends meet on that. And where it is pos- sible, the veteran sacrifices study time for part-time jobs. In other cases, young wives supplement the income with, work downtown. But a number of these families Minnesota opened the fifth day have one child or more. Few mothers like any other bank. In.fact, it is the main channel for money given to the French Communist party by the government of the Soviet union. IT IS ORGANIZED as a French company, and it occupies respect- able quarters in the Rue de 1'Arcade, to Paris. However, of its 100.00C shares of capital, are owned by two Soviet banks, which means of course that the bank is owned by the Soviet government. Its man- ager is a former Russian citizen, Charles Hilsum, now naturalized, and it has a select board of direc- tors, consisting of a Russian, one of the 1948 deer season today with three nimrods shot to death and a fourth jailed on a charge of first degree manslaughter. Lloyd Berglin, Alexandria, was held at Grand Rapids in the fatal shooting of William Hanson, 39, Garfield, Minn., the father of seven chfldrtjn. The manslaughter com- against him was signed by Sheriff Marvin W. Mitchell of It- asca county. Berglin yesterday waived preliminary examination and was held for district court. Berglin told a coroner's inquest hs thought Hanson was a deer. Testimony- disclosed Hanson was wearing brown trousers and a dark red and black plaid jacket when he was felled. Other members of the hunting party were Ray Berglln, brother of the prisoner; and Art !of small children can afford the time to work. These of whom hope to be -hers in a Ostrovsky, and two French com- munists. The bank is capitalized at only fifty million francs, but it has assets in France of francs. Largely through this bank, the So- viet government has made an in- Continued on Page 11, Column 4.) ALSOPS few count' and deny themselves cc close quarters, two Thomas James, 36, Three Arrested For Sale of Prison Goods New FJ3.I. an- nounced last night the arrest of three men in connection with al- leged wartime private sales of 000 worth of textiles made at south- MIW em Michigan state prison in Jack- FJJi said J. Fred MunneB tai observation. army group at Nienchuang.) Two Killed In Detroit Detroit Police shot and killed an amateurish bank robber and a brutish thug on Detroit's east side last night. The incidents took place only min- utes apart while scout cars swept through the streets In answer to alarms. Engaging then- man at officers killed (Negro) auto worker, in an east Jefferson ave- nue branch of the National Bank of Detroit. Two bank employes, working late, said James hurled a brick through the door window. He then climbed in unarmed and demanded money. Within moments police arrived after one employe pressed a bur- glar alarm, and James was shot to death in a furious struggle. Police said James had been re- leased the previous day from a hos- Douglas Flays Communists in C.I.O. Speech By Max Hall Portland, Ore. (IP) Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas told the C.I.O. today, that labor leaders can do a better job than conventional diplomats In defeating .world- wide communist propaganda _., _ the false search. He said Breen I erica and Europe, agreed to pay. Breen's apology, he said last night in a telephone interview with The Associated Press from the sheriff's office at Ashland, was directed "to all the guys who went all-out for me." The text of it: :His speech, prepared for delivery before the CI.O. convention, was in tune with the prevailing mood here. The 600 or so delegates, doing a whacking job of humiliating their own left wing and fully alive to labor's new importance in the in-' "I am deeply sorry for the incon- ternational field, turned their at- venience and hardship I have un-jtention to the future of C.I.O. poll- wittingly caused many persons in-ltical action. dr pennies lux- was arrested in Crestline, Ohio. Al- In the second fight officers slew uries which are commonplace for others. Take the Horst Radtkes for ex- fred S. and Sol Goldstein, brothers, were arrested in New York. All were Indicted on conspiracy UP and assault spree' ham, Ala., stopping ajl dd- ment B. Their quarters accommo- date Horst, a 200-pound football star from Red Wing, Minn., his little wife Lila, and Mark, a strap- ping ten-month-old son. Future Coach Radtke is 23, quiet and unassum- ing. A sophomore at Winona State Teachers college, he hopes one day to teach industrial arts and physi- cal education and coach football. With prices what they are, the Radtkes admit they save nothing. Thanks to a reasonable rent of they manage somehow to get along, gutunan Detroit under a statute aimed was trapped after he had crashed a stolen automobUe into a fiUing Garfield, but no ld, x Johnson, both and though fuel and utilities also must be paid. "Our food costs the three of us about or more each Mrs, Radtke said. "It's seldom we can afford to be fancy. We, get discouraged sometimes but tell each other that everything win come out all right." Her husband Is a wounded veteran of the 37th Infantry division. He was a squadron leader in a machine- gun outfit that saw considerable battle action in the Philippines. Seeks Naif that football season iy over, Radtke iopes to find part-time work to supjjfcnent the G. I, allotment. against interstate snipment 01 convict-made goods for private sale, the F.B.I. said. Munnell was identified as a former director of industries at the Michigan prison. He is accused of conspiring with Alfred Golstein, then a civilian Inspector of the Army service forces' Philadelphia depot, to sell the goods through Goldstein's brother. The goods allegedly went to buyers in New York, Milwaukee, Chicago and Providence, R. From behind a parked car he exchanged half a dozen shots with policemen before officers' fire took his life. Earlier Bellamy robbed a cab driver, forced his way into the home of Harold Vroom, 39, motor freight executive, and held up a used car lot-Both Vroom and his wife, Cora, 36, were slugged. Bellamy fled In their automobile, which he later wrecked. i A A r f Alfred relation of the victim. Koochiching county officials said no inquest would be held into the death of Raymond Daniels, 45, St. James, killed while hunting near Mizpah. They reported Daniels, too, was mistaken for a deer as he was wearing a gray sweater. Alvln South, 28, a Goodrich farm- er, became the third casualty when a bullet fired at a deer struck him north of that community. Earlier. James H. MacNeil, Coleraine, was killed in an auto mishap on his way hunting; Fred Weber, 58, St. Cloud, died of a _ heart attack, and shcck and posure caused the death of Rolinl (Continued on Fare 11, Cohonn 2.) Korfhage, 55, South St. PauL THANKSGIVING G.M. Wages Won't Be Cut Despite Living Cost Drop Detroit Pay rates of General Motors' produc- tion workers remained unchang- ed today despite the reported slight drop in the cost of living. G. M.'s wages are geared In part to the government's cost of living index under the agree- ment signed with the CJ.O. United Auto Workers last May. The reduction in the index, however, was too small to make a difference. The G.M.-TJ.A.W. famed "es- calator clause" pushed the CM. worker's pay up three cents an hour last September, bringing to 14 cents his third-round post- war pay boost. With the exception of Gen- eral Motors, the auto Industry in general gave its workers a flat 13 cents an hour increase last spring. G. M. settled for 11 cents with an escalator provision call- Ing for a quarterly wage boost or cut for each fluctuation' of 1.14 points in the index. eluding the pilot who took part in the search for me. We were forced down by bad weather and motor trouble and had we realized a search was being made we would have in- formed local authorities of our whereabouts. Due to inadequate MacArthur Refuses to Intervene Eighth Army Ordered to Execute Sentences By Frank L. White Tokyo General Douglas MacArthur denied clemency for Japan's 25 top war criminals and ordered the execution of Hldekl Tojo and six others who dreamed of conquest but lost an empire. As sole reviewing officer, he de- clined to use his power to lighten any of the sentences determined by the international military tribunal to die on the gallows: 16 to spend the rest of their lives in prison, two to lesser prison terms. The supreme commander called his task "utterly repugnant" to him. He closed his review of the war 1 guilt case with a plea, to people of all creeds in Japan to pray on execution to be made pub- help the world keep ths peace, "lest the human race perish." Attorneys for five planned to appeal to the Supreme court of the United States which has never yet intervened in inter- national war crimes cases. No Reason to Intervene MacArthur, in his statement, sold he saw no reason for him to Inter- vene. Whether the prisoners should have been prosecuted at all was not for him to say. But the two-year trial itself, he went on, was a, fair one; every safeguard was made to "evolve justice." "I therefore direct the command- ing general of the Eighth army to execute the sentences as pronounced by the tribunal. "In doing so, I pray that an om- nipotent providence may use thig tragic expiation as a symbol to summon all persons of good will to a realization ol the utter futility of most malignant scourge of eventual- ly to Its renunciation by all na- tions." Those sentenced Ufr death were: Tojo, army commander and premier at the outbreak of war; General Kenji Doihara, known as. the sly, ruthless "Lawrence of Koki Hirota, former premier; Gen- eral Selshiro Itagaki, former war minister; General "Heitaro Klmura, Manchurlan commander; General Iwane Matsui, whose troops per- petrated the "rape of and Lieutenant General Akiro Muto, who fought to the Philippines. Lieutenant General Walton, Wal- ker, commander of the Eighth army, said the execution date has not been set but the seven men will 3e given "a reasonable time" before they are hanged, presumably at Su- gamo prison in Tokyo. Only official witnesses will be allowed. Corre- spondents will be barred, Walker said. No pictures will be taken. Commenting on the prospective appeals to the U. 8. Supreme court. Walker said: "I have been ordered by my commander in chief to pro- ceed with the executions. No one can keep me from doing it until he changes his orders." Appeal Indicated Defense attorneys Indicated they will appeal to the U. S. high court on grounds that MacArthur as an agent of the United States govern- ment convened the court, which was in fact a military court although it bore the title of International mill- communications in the locality of j And there was another significant where we landed we were unable development today. There were Spreading apparently well-' based _ that tne cxo. leadership That meant new wrangling, new name-calling, and the. certainty of another smashing victory over the tary tribunal for_the Far East." left-wing minority that supported Henry Wallace for president and opposes the Marshall plan of Euro- pean aid. to complete calls to people we be- beved interested. There was no hoax nor any attempt to mislead anyone or secure publicity. I wish to thank sincerely everyone who assisted in the search." tlonal agreement no interna- by treaty was reached on the trial of Japanese war criminals before MacArthur designated the tribunal and set up its charter. Therefore, they argue, the tribunal was an American mili- tary court. "onranizinz com- None of tne seven sentenced to to seek a ftoodof death Deluded in' the five ex-- to seek a flood or The flvg were members among governmental workers, retail clerks and white collar employes of all sorts. This would be done by the C.I.O. executive board, probably after the convention ends. If true, such action would be reminiscent of the early mass-organizing years of the CJ.O. President Philip Murray has al- ready told the convention that the CJ.O. unions now operating in those fields are "inadequate." In the international field, Mur- ray and his supporters yesterday Don't Thank Pilgrims for Thanksgiving Trenton, N, J. Don't thank iie Pilgrims when you bite into Shat turkey tomorrow, the New Jersey council advises. Thank FJias Boudinet of Elizabethtown (nowlwon a expression of sup- port for the Marshall plan and other phases of U. S. foreign policy sharp condemnation of Rus- sian actions. Gallup Planning New Techniques New York George Gallup said today he will use some "new techniques" in taking his next elec- tion hopes the 1348 mis- take won't be repeated. The director of the American Institute of Public Opinion said the new methods call for obtaining fuller information on voters who aren't sure whether they will vote, Elizabeth.) The Pilgrims might have had something to do with Thanksgiving, the council admits. These, said the council, are the inside facts: On September 25, 1789, Boudinot introduced a resolution In Congress jailing on the President to "recom- mend to the people a day of public thanksgiving and prayer to be ob- served by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many [avors of almighty God." signal Bowing to Boudinot's judgment, George Washington immediately is- sued a proclamation setting Novem- ber 28 of that year as a national No Paper Tomorrow Due to. the observance of Thanksgiving day and to permit employes of The Republican- Herald to spend the day with their families no paper will be published Thursday. and who aren't sure will vote for. whom they Gallup has said his 1948 predic- tions, which called for a Dewey vic- tory, were thrown off largely by his failure to take into full account iie Influence of the "undecided" voters on the election's outcome. convicted of "crimes against peace." The defense lawyers say.there Is no such law on American statutes or under the tr. S. constitution and therefore they were sentenced to prison under a law that docs not exist. The seven condemned men were convicted of violating the laws of war, recognized as punishable by death by military tribunals. John G. Brannon of Kansas City, Mo., one of the defense attorneys, said that "since General MacArthur derives his-posltlon from the United States government his action in ap- proving the sentences necessarily Is subject to review by the Supreme court of the-United States." Attorneys listed the five as Mar- quis Koichi Kldo, Admiral Shigetaro Shimada, General Kenryo Sato, Ad- miral Takasumi given life; and Shigenori Togo, Pearl Harbor foreign minister, sentenced to 20 WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy to- night and Thursday. Occasional rain or snow Thursday and some- what warmer. Low tonight 30; high Thursday 38. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 32; minimum, 30; noon, 32; none; sun sets tonight at sun rises, tomorrow at Additional weather on page 10.