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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 22, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 236 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 22, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Religion No. 1 Enemy of Reds You Can't Believe in God and Be a Communist, Quiz Reyeals Washinjfton "You cannot be a communist and believe In the House un-American activities committee said today. That, the committee added In a summation entitled "100 Things You Should Know About Communism and Is "the long and short of It." "You cannot believe In God and have a peaceable life under com- the document declared. "In all their plans and actions, the communists mark down religion as enemy No. 1. Where they dominate, they attack it head on. Where they do not dominate, they try to deceive and corrupt from within just as they do in govern- ment, in education, In labor unions, and throughout a nation's gen- eral life. "The aim and object of communism is always the plete control over the human mind and body, asleep and awake, In sickness and in health, from birth to death. That Is why communism marks religion enemy No. 1. "Communism cannot dominate family life, for example, until It has first fought its way past the influence of religion upon the family. "Communism cannot force its own brand of moral code upon a person without first destroying his moral code rooted in religion. "Communism cannot make education a weapon in Its hands so long as religion Is secure In its own right to teach and to educate. "Communism cannot dominate unless It has the power to remake the life of the people. It cannot Ignore religion and do that." The committee's report was in the form of 100 questions It asked and then answered. The document Is one in a series to be made public between now and the end of the year. The others deal with education, labor, and government. Already published: "100 Things You Should Know About Communism In the U.S.A." Here are a few of the new questions and answers supplied by the committee: Q. If communism should come to the United States, could I be- long to a church? A, You would have to choose at once between church and com- munism. If you should choose the church, then prepare for perse- cution. Q. Would the communists destroy the Bible? A. Every copy they could find. And they would Jail anybody try- ing to print new copies. Q. Could my child be baptized or christened in the church? A. At the risk of prison for parent and pastor. Q. Would my child go to Sunday school? A. Not only would Sunday school be illegal, but also your child would be taught to report foTi to the police for trying to send kirn. Q. How would my child leam his religion, then? A. Only through what you might tell him at home, to offset the positive atheism he would learn an week at the government school. Q. Are communists trying to corrupt religion in the U.3A.? A. Yes. Q. What is their method? A. The Communist party of the United States assigns members to join churches and church organizations, In order to take con- trol where possible, and in any case to influence thought and action toward communist ends. It forms "front organizations" designed to attract "fellow travelers' with religious interests. It tries to get prominent religious leaders to support communist policies, disguised as welfare work for minorities or oppressed groups. Q. Is your committee investigating religion? A. Certainly not. Religion is not under any sort of investiga- tion by the House committee on un-American activities, nor is any sect, creed, church, or individual, so far as his religion is concerned. Q. Is the Y.M.C.A. a communist target? A. Yes, so is the Y.W.C.A, Also, church groups such as the Ep- worth league. Q. Do you mean every Epworth league or Y.W.C.A. is a com- munist hideout? A. Of course not. But we do mean that communists do dig Into such groups any way and any time they can. We' do mean they have dug into such groups, and are at It today. We do mean that if you want to keep your own organization fit for your own family'ii membership, you had better stay on the alert. Q. What Is the People's Institute of Applied Religion? A. One of the most vicious communist organizations every get up In this country. Declared subversive by the attorney general. Q. What Is the Methodist Federation for Social Action? A. A tool of the Communist party, denounced by numerous loyal American Methodists. It claims to speak for 17 Methodist bishops and clerics and laymen. Although strictly unofficial as "church" organization. It is trying to use the prestige of the Metho- dist church to promote the line of the Communist party. Q. What is The Protestant? A, A magazine which fanatically spreads communist propaganda under the guise of being a religious journal. Its avowed purpose Is to "build a bridge" between Christendom and communism. Boasts. support of ministers, but not actually connected with any offi- cial religious organization. There was no immediate comment from any of the organization! named In the committee document. Bernadotte Plan Draws Red Attack Russia Assails Document As British Inspired Two Displaced Persons from Poland arrived In Wlnona this morning. Mr. and Mrs. Henryk Optowski are shown above being at the train by two Wlnona Catholic church, officials. With the newcomers Rev. NIcephore Grulkowski, center, pastor of St. Stanislaus church, and the Rev. B. P. Mangan, right; resettlement director for the Wlnona 9 Hunters Dead By The Associated Press 2 D. P.'s From Poland Welcomed to Winona Winona greeted its first displaced persons from Europe this morning. Henryk and Aniela Opatowski, middle-aged Polish couple, arrived by train from Boston. Welcoming them at the Milwaukee station were the Rev. Nicephore Grulkowski, pastor of St. Stanislaus church, who spon- sored then- trip to Winona from Bremerhaven, Germany. Also in Nine Minnesota and was Father B, P. Mangan, resettlement director for the deer hunters have died since the the Rev. P. w. Preking, the Rev. Frank Enright and the Rev. D. D. Tierney. The couple left Bremerhaven, No- vember 8 and arrived in Boston November 18 aboard the General Bundey, a converted Liberty ship. It was the fourth boat to bring displaced persons to this country In recent months. Each boat load has numbered between 800 and 900 per- sons. Father Grulkowskl mside applica- deer hunting season opened Satur- day. The dead are: Lee McCaskcy, 64, retired Rich- land Center, Wis., farmer who was killed Saturday by a bullet that struck him after passing through the shoulder of a hunting com- panion. Lev! Walters, 35, of Blue! River. They were hunting in the Necedah area. Don Mllbacli, 17, Marinette, Wls., high school senior, was Injured fatal- ly by a bullet Saturday near Cauld- ron Falls in the town of Stephenson. William F. Schmidt, 52, Oalcfield, Wls., died yesterday shortly after being shot by a member of his own hunting party in Clark county. The of Mrs. Rosemary Jones, 25, near A.F.L Would Break Ties With Russia By Harold W. Ward Cincinnati The American: tion for the couple to August through War Relief Services-Na- tional Catholic Welfare Conference to Washington, D, C. _____ He assured the conference that he Federation of Labor today adopted furnish employment and a __________________ found late Saturday jfor a military alliance against So- 1 street across from St. Stanislaus ..t.v RUssja and breaking off of I church where Mr. Opatowski will be Buckatabon lake 18 miles northwest of Eagle River. She had tfaAe relations with the T7 9 R I Janitor. been hit to the neck by a bullet. relations with the U. S. S. R. J Mrs. Jones had been hunting wi a party of friends and relatives. Berlin blockade is ended. The 650 delegates accepted the ratoe, who died late Saturday in'a the A. F. L. Big Fork hospital after his car went into a ditch on the old scenic high- way near Long Lake bridge. He suf- fered a skull fracture. He was on committee on international labor the 67th annual convention by his way to hunt in the Big Fork I nightfall. Originally, It had been area. His widow and three daughters expected to run through roost of survive. Stanley Stemp, son, Wis.. who died from a heart attack while county. hunting to Rolin Korfhage, 55. South St. Paul died Sunday to a Duluth hos- pital after collapsing near Holyoke Death was attributed to shock and exposure. Fred'Weber, 58, St. Cloud, who died Saturday from a heart attack near Ktoount, Minn. Earl C. Prounty, 34, Conrath, Wis., who was found dead to his car Sun- day. Death was believed caused by overexertion while he prepared to go deer hunting. Several other hunters were wound- ed. Dean Ruedy, 17, of Bush Prairie was struck in the face by a blast from his father's gun Sunday. At a Sparta hospital his described as serious. condition was Two Minnesota youths also suf- fered accidental gunshot wounds. Alden Drevland, 17, of Cook, suffer- ed a shattered left arm. He was reported to fair condition to a Cook Harold Long, 16, of Vir- ginia, was wounded to the right thigh when his rifle went off as he put it to his car. His condition was described as hospital. Mrs. Opatowski come from Lodz, Poland, about a two- hour drive from Warsaw. They sai they were victims of Nazi aggre. sion and'were forced to work to German labor camp. They ha1, been in a displaced persons camp Kassel since then- liberation Americans. Father Mangan said the dioces has 150 applications now pendto to bring many more displaced per sons to this country early nest year Girl Lost While Hunting Deer Land OXakes, young lady hunter was recovering toda1 from the effects of her first solo The proposals that this country ;lexPedition m quest of a deer, enter into a military alliance friendly nations and cease relations with Russia were two Soviet Army Chief Set Up InRussZone Berlin American- Intelli- gence sources today confirmed a German press report that Marshall Konstantin Rokossovsky, chief of lie Soviet western armies, had es- tablished headquarters In the Rus- sian zone of Germany. The report in the anti-communist newspaper Montag's Echo said the headquarters was at Fuerstenberg in Mecklenburg. The paper claimed he had moved his main seat to the small Mecklenburg town from In-1 bower's new book, "Crusade in Eu- By Edward Curtis asserted before the United Nations today that the Bernadotte plan for Palestine was prepared in the British foreign office. Soviet Delegate Semen K. Tsarap- kin told the general assembly's No. 1 political committee that Britain was thinking of the interests of Trans- Jordan, "which is governed by a British King Abdullah. Tsarapkin spoke as the commit- tee resumed its discussion of the recommendations drafted by Count folke Bernadotte, the U.N. Pales- ine mediator, before he was assassi- nated in September. The Bernadotte plan would give the Arabs the Negev desert in south- ern Palestine, which-the U.N. par- tition plan assigned to the Jews. It also recommended that western Galilee be given to the Jews. In a preliminary statement on the Bernadotte plan'last Saturday, the United States supported the slain count's report as a basis for discus- sion, but said no territory should be taken from Israel without Jewish consent. Tsarapkin, Russia's Palestine ex- pert, said the Bernadotte plan would cause "Increasing animosity between Jews and Arabs" and also would (Continued on Page 14, Column 4.) BERNADOTTE Marshall Reviews Foreign Policies With President Eisenhower Story Receives Divided Comment in England London General Eisen- lower's memoirs, attacked by one British, newspaper as a blow to British-American friendship, were defended by the Manchester Guard- Ian today as "honest, sincere." Other British newspapers ignored the criticism of Lord Kemsley's WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight and Tuesday, Little change In temperature except rising temperature Tuesday afternoon. Low Sunday Times, which said Eisen-itonlsht 24 In the city 20 In the sterburg In East Prussia. Montag's Echo also claimed that Soviet occupation forces In Ger- many had been Increased and that the Russians were making some "concentrations" with the purpose of furthering their political aims In Germany through pressure moves. American sources have discount- ed repeated anticommunist ports that the Russians were is "surprising and painful reading for his admirers and for all those who wish well to British- American relations." The Manchester Guardian said: "There will no doubt be contro- versy about many things In the book, as there must be about any- thing that looks at the war from re- another side and does not take in- creasing their occupation forces. British statesmen and soldiers at their own valuation." country; high Tuesday 36. LOCAL 'WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 41; minimum, 31; noon, 32; precipitation, none. Military Alliance With Western Europe Discussed By John M. Washington Secretary of State Marshall arrived today from Paris for a foreign policy review with President Truman, Mr. Tru- man greeted him at the airport. Marshall arrived at a. m. after a trip which started at at p. m. Sunday, Paris time. The secretary stepped from the plane, the Sacred Cow, Into a drizz- ling rain. The formal conference between the President and secretary of state began at a. m. Before talking with Marshall, Mr. Truman conferred with Secretary of the Treasury Snyder, Secretary of Defense Forrestal, and W. Averell Harriman, roving ambassador for the European cooperation adminis- tration. When Marshall stepped from plane, reporters besieged him with questions. In comment on the United meeting at Paris, Marshall told them, "I think a great deal of understand- ing has resulted from what has al- ready happened." Greeted by President Asked whether he was going back to the U.N. meeting, he said that he "didn't know." President Truman gent forward one of his associates with an um- brella to escort Marshall to the airport building shed. The Presi- dent himself then walked out In the pelting rain to greet first Mrs. Marshall and then the general. He said to each one In turn, sure good to see you." In addition to Mrs. Marshall, those making the trip from Paris with the secretary of state Included Mrs. Charles E. Bohlen, wife of the TT1J State department counselor, and sentenced former Premier Hidekl Brigadier General Marshall Carter, Tojo and six others to hang, 16 tojan aide to Marshall. President Truman, left, this morning welcomed Secretary of State George C. Marshall at the National airport in Washington upon the return from Paris for a foreign policy conference. French Ambassador Henri Bonnet in center background. (A.P Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Far East Council Supports Tokyo War Trial Verdicts By Frank White two representatives of the 11 nations form- ing the Far Eastern commission dissented today to the Tokyo war trials verdicts. The other nine said the verdicts satisfied them. B. N. Chakravarty of India and Baron E. J. Lewe Van Aduard of the Netherlands supported the dissenting opinions of the judges on the international tribunal from their countries. General Douglas MacArthur, al- lied occupation commander, called the representatives together to dis- cuss the verdict of the court which Official observations for the severe. life terms and two to shorter prison sentences. The Indian judge, R. B. Pal, had expressed the opinion all of the 25 Japanese defendants should be freed. The Netherlands Judge, Ber. nard. Victor A. Roling, had said some of the death sentences were hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 35; minimum, 25; noon, 26; precipitation, .03; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 16. Only General Kuzma N. Derev- yanko of Russia and General Chen Shang of China would talk after the meeting with MacArthur. Derevyanko came out of the meet- The trip home Is Marshall's first since October 0. Diplomatic authorities agreed that China presents Mr. Truman and Marshall with their most and In some ways most problem. There was no assurance that they would try to reach.any sort of final conclusions in their first round of talks, but speculation persisted that some kind of statement might be forthcoming. Before Mr. Truman Is a request from Generalissimo Chiang Kai- shek for the United States, In ef- this week. about 50, Madl- The committee's report covered ten points, "Totalitarian Russia's aggrand- izement presents a grave challenge, not only to America, but a dire! threat to the entire free the committee said. "Today, It Is only America's flaming devotion to de- mocracy and our caghty indus- trial potential that stand to the way of the communist collossus from the east overrunning western Europe." Mints to a ten-point program which iie committee asked delegates to approve. The military alliance point also urged that United States defenses be placed "to complete readiness and invincibility." Another point asked the A. F. A to reject "all maneuvers to under- a doctor mine the authority of the Unitedlgood hunted in snow-filled woods here Saturday aftmoon. A poss of 150 men was organized as night fell. The search ended when Lorraine was found about five miles from her home shortly before noon yesterday, after over 20 hours to the woods. The girl's hands and feet were swollen from the long exposure but her condition was Lorraine said she spent the night under a meager covering of boughs and fallen leaves. When daylight j knees because of her swollen feet. Breen Missing on Wisconsin Flight Hayward, Search was intensified today for a small re monoplane which disappeared whil carrying Singing Star Bobby Breen to a Wisconsin hunting lodge. The plane, a single-engine Stin son, was unreported after the 21 year-old former child motion pict ure star and a pilot, Kenneth Thompson, of Waukesha, Wls., lef a Waukesha airfield at p. m. yesterday. Buck Webster, manager of the Webster flying service at Waukesha said Breen and Thompson, a former Air Force pilot, carried four and one-half hours of gas for the flight which was expected to take about three and one-half hours. He said Breen's advance agent, Smie Roth, of Canton, Ohio, was to telephone him when the plane arrived at Hayward. Two hours after expiration of the ilane's gas supply, Webster said he jecame alarmed and put through a call to Roth, who told him the singer had not arrived. Webster added the fleld at Hayward is not lighted. Roth, who had come here ahead f Breen to Tnaira arrangements for hunting trip, said the singer hadi is (Roth's) telephone number and Tm sure if Bobby had made orced landing and was safe, he fould have called me by now. Some- hmg must have happened, but so ar we haven't been able to locate any trace at the ship." Webster at first expressed hopei Duluth or Minneapolis, but this hope faded after a check by the CAA failed to turn the plane. up a trace of The CAA office at Milwaukee said darkness and poor weather in the Hayward area made a search Im- possible from the air last night, but that if the plane was not lo- cated by daylight, search plane would be sent along undoubtedly the route. Sheriff William Sands of Sawyer county organized a posse last night after Lyman Carr, manager of the Hayward airport, reported seeing a red Stinson flying low some 26 miles west of here about p. m. But Webster's estimate that nor. mid flying time from Waukesha to Hayward in that type of plane was three hours and ten minutes, or three and a half hours with yester- day's prevailing winds. Indicated the Breen plane was not likely to have reached here that early. Webster 'said the plane bore the name of the' Oakton Manor lodge, to Pewaukee, Wls., where Breen was staying prior to takeoff and listed the plane's serial number as NC245C. Breen was bom to Montreal, Can- ada, November 4, 1927, but went to feet, to take over the running of (Continued on Page 12, Column 3.) MARSHALL ing beaming. He had stayed for 20 minutes overtime for a personal talk with MacArthur, who had put his hand on the Russian's arm in friendly manner at the end of the meeting and requested him to stay Derevyanko said he recommended no changes in the verdicts. Shang said MacArthur asked all of them for expressions on the court's rulings. Shang said the In- dian and Netherlands representa- tives presented the same viewpoints as their court members. The representatives were not ask- ed by MacArthur to state their ideas of the date for the executions of the condemned or the place where the others will be confined. A few minutes after the meeting, Sunday, killing two wives and one MacArthur Issued a statement! husband and injuring their mates. 3 Returning Front Winona Killed Near Rochester Rochester, Minn. A car carrying three couples crashed Into i parked truck near Rochester early through an aide, saying he had taken under consideration the ad- vice of the representatives together with the appeals of the defendants and petitions filed In their behalf. He said he hoped to have his decision ready later this week. MacArthur has the right to duce any of the sentences but he may not increase any of them. Diplomatic circles buzzed with good feeling after the meeting. It was the first time MacArthur had called them all In at ore time to ask their opinions. Derevyanko seemed pleased. When e came out and found newsmen In the antechamber. he said through Elmer Maas, 39, Mrs. Roy Buske, 39, and Mrs. Arthur Brehmer, 42, were killed. Mrs. Maas, Buske. and Brehmer were Injured, Brehmer critically. The couples were returning to Rochester from Wlnona. Sheriff I Gerald Cunningham of Olmzted county said their car struck a semi- trailer parked on the highway east fame on the Eddie Cantor radio show. He went into motion pictures at the age of eight, but "retired" in December 1939, at the age of 12 when his voice changed. He arrived at Oakton Manor Frl- Thompson might have encountered day after playing a theater engage- bad weather and turned, off for ment ha Chicago. i Chicago In 1534, where he rose to Ian interpreter that the meeting had been friendly and cooperative. "You he said, "I can co- operate with them most of them at least." Other diplomats said there had been no strong disagreement in the meeting, even by those who spoke against the majority Judgement. jhis Mayfair home. of Rochester. The truck driver, Kenneth Duncan, 38, Flandreau, 8 D., escaped uninjured. Duncan told the sheriff mech- anical trouble had forced Mm to pull up at the side of the road. An inquest started yesterday to be continued today. Alfred Mason Dead London (ff) _ Alfred Edward' Woodley Mason, 83 author of "The Four Feathers" and many other novels and plays, died today at ;