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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 22, 1947, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER Clrillrtr p Innlchl; w INONA Needs m Civic Auditorium Full Leased Wire New. Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of WINONA. MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING. NOVEMBER 22. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PACES VOLUME 47. NO. V Senate Committee Ends Meyers Probe Eight Killed in Czech Air Crash Jloln, Eight persons' were Wiled and 18 injured. ten of them seriously, when a Ro- manian-Soviet airlines plane en route from Bucharest to Prague crashed and burned on Tabor peak, six miles from here, in bad weather last night. Those reported injured Included Alfred Davidson, identified as Euro- pean director of the United Na- tions Children's Fund for Europe, and Horia Orlgoresou, Romanian ambassador to Prague, Deer Hunter Took Compact for Compass Aikov, Minn. A lost deer hunter, found wandering In the woods near Askov this week, came up with''a new Ho left home in the dark and picked up his wife's compact instead of his compass. Republican-Herald A Crowd Gathered At Third Anfl Main streets lato Friday afternoon as police and garage men res- curd twS-ycar-oldI TonyLttCarla.who became locked In an automobile that was parked on Main street. Help when Tony's mother. Mm J. A. LaCarla, Clarksburg, W. Va, and Mr.. Lloyd Thurstori or SSesvlUe. Wls.. found Tony had locked tho car door, Tho LaOarlas have-been vIslUnK at the Thurs- tons' home In CJalesville. Shown nbovo after tho rescue are, left to LaCarla, Tony and before being rescued from tho locked-car is two-year-old Tony LaCarla, shown in the top picture. His cries attracted a sympathetic crowd that.gathered to watch his rescuo.__________ Blum Fails to Muster Support; Schuman Named Robert Schuman finance minister and member of thi Popular Republican Movemcn announced today that ho hnd ngrrnd to try nnd form now Frfnr.h Bchumim made his finnouneomon to reporters upon rmorglng from i confrrrnco with President Vlncon Auriol. HP then left at once for his offices in tho finance ministry to begin conaultatlons with party lead- prior to going before tho na- tional assembly to demand n vote of confidence In tho faco of a rlslnf tide of communist-engineered labor difficulties, Ilium Turned Down The chamber refused last night to Klvo vennrablo Leon Blum enough support to become premier, Tim et-yffar-old Schuman, born at Luxembourg, was the sixth poli- tical lender to confer with Socialist President Auriol this morning. Oth- ers included former Premier Paul Rrynaud and two former ministers Andre Marlr and Won Dclbos. both of whom said they turned down tho premier because of thcli Lltllr Known LHtlc known to tho general public, Job of health. Schumun generally htiK come to be rpKfirdfd tut a financial expert. If he Is successful in winning a vote of conflclrncn nnd organizing a cabi- net It will be his tank to try and brine labor prticr to strike-torn yrftncr, whrrr nearly workers were rrportrd Idle Franco been without a prem- ier Mnop Paul nurmidtcr rer-lcncd on Wrdnf.icluy undor heavy prcviurc from the left. Auriol first nominated Blum, nlno u woclnllnt, to succrrrt Kumiicllor, but tho chamber refused to hwd his appeal for por- miiwlon to form a government of "public strlkr.i. safety" to put down the Wisconsin U. Plans Fund-Raising Drive Macllnon. Univer- sity of Wisconsin foundation an- nouncer! today It planned meetings during the next month In La Crosuo, Madison. Milwaukee, Superior und Wisconsin Rapids ns part of a drive to raise In honor of the university's centennial In 1048, Objectives of tho drive, the foundation said, arc to erect a Wis- consin building for adult education and to finance scholnrxhlp.i. fellow- ships, professorships and special In- struments for service and research. Davis, Once Senator, Succumbs Marshall to Press for Austrian Pact Moscow, Western Stands on German Issues Deadlocked By John M. HJghtower Secretary of State George C. Marshall was reported determined to press hard for com- pletion of an Austrian Independ- ence treaty at the "Big Four" for- eign ministers conference which opens hero next Tuesday. Marshall, who arrived here Fri- day by piano from Washington, was described authoritatively as having an "open mind" on German peace treaty issues, ready to consider any new proposals which may be put forward by Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov In the interest of progress on the German problem. Neither Soviet nor western power positions on such basic Issues ns German reparations and govern- ment, organization have changed since the Moscow conference last spring and it was apparent that the meeting of British, French, Russian and United States diplomats would open in a state of deadlock with little hope for substantial progress. In the case of Austria, only one outstanding issue remains to be set- long dispute between the western powers and Russia over what constitutes German assets sub- ject to seizure for reparations in Austria. Russia wants to claim vir- Winona Tax Levy Increased 29% to Yield MoreSubordinate tills Homestead Mill Rate Up From 117.91 to 141.70 A 1947 city of Winona tax levy almost 29 per cent higher in dollars than for the current tax year was reported today by County Auditor Richard Schoonover. In mills the increase is from statc revenue (homestead) 11791 to 141.70 for homestead prop-; state revenue erty nnd from 124.51 to 145.77 for I Grain tax nonhomestead. I In dollars Hie hike is from 471.70 to These arc 1947 whose County welfare Winona City Tax Levy and Rates This table shows the 1947 tax levies and rates (payable in 1948) and the comparison with the 1948 rates (which were applied for taxes paid Levy Stale Fundi Mill Rates Non- Non- Home- home-Home-home- stead stead stead stead 3.02 1.45 7.09 8.05 Total County and' County County road and bridge actual value Is on the asses- sor's books, this is what the new rate means This year the owner paid (1946 taxes) Next year (1947 taxes) he'll pay Kxamjileit Cited For a nonhomestead property whose actual value is on the assessor's books, this is what the new rate means: This year the owner paid next year he'll pay S233.24, For a homestead whose actual value is on the assessor's books, this is what the new rale means: This year the owner paid next year he'll pay For the same property, but non- This year the owner paid next year he'll pay Tuberculosis sanatorium 33.900.33 Grain tax 434.39 2.00 15.00 8.36 1.34 2.00 15.00 8.36 1.34 5.00 10.00 7.12 1.41 5.00 7.12 1.41 Totals City Funds General fund Bond.......................... 70.331.51 Po'jre........ Park Airport 26.70 26.70 .23.53 tually everything the Germans own-, ed or acquired in Austria. The; These new mill rates are based on other three powers would exempt olty Ol -winona taxable valuation properties which the Germans ac-i 336 up from The quired by force after Anschluss, ,u value. correspondingly, is At the heart of this Question from That tax- able valuation (generaly known as assessed valuation) includes both real and personal property. The 1947 tax rolls, on which the property as under the Soviet proposal either would wreck Austria or turn control 1948 taxes are paid, include a real of its economy over to foreign haAmerlcan pressure for early com- taxable valuation of pletion of an Austrian treaty stems.pared with last year and partly from the fact that it would a personal taxable valuation mean withdrawal of all occupation compared with last armies from the country, which oflBr daily is considered to be a liberated, rather than a former enemy, coun- try. To Got Marshall spent Eiiday afternoon year. Progress Under Way County Auditor Schoonovor is sl.lll working on lovloti and rates for other parts of tho county, but he noted today that the entire county resting, following his trans-Atlantic I taxable valuation is corn- flight in President Truman's plane, j parcd With for last year, the Sacred Cow. The real estate portion of these Today he arranged a motor trip 1947 taxes including the city's, arc to Oxford university, where he is ablo after the first Monday in to receive an honorary doctor s de- jnnuajy alld the first half of the greo in recognition of his services i' hppnmps dcllnoucnt June the Allied war.J ST hllf bSes de- December 1. The personal after after fer the foreign ministers. Up to today, however, the dep-j utles had not been able to agree on a program or even on how to report their disagreement to the Four." Some informants said the first problem the foreign ministers would not wrangle be whether to tackle the German or the Austrian questions flrst. Rus- sia opposes giving tho Austrian treaty priority. Plan to Regulate Grain Feeding To Stock Dropped Another of President Truman's ten cost of liv- ing one to regulate tho amount of grain fctl to llvo- Htook, went down Ihii drain of Re- publican opposition in Congress to- day. It thus met the same fntc as his requests for authority to impose limited price-wage ceilings and ra- tioning, both bitterly opposed by Republican loaders. Chairman Tnft (R.-Ohlo) of tho Senate-House economic committee made it pretty much official by tell- and. hunger accompanied by po- oorrow y., conferring with his f who have been meeting with French, Property taxes are also British and Soviet diplomats here' the first Monday in January Unless for the last two weeks in futile el-jit exceeds the entire portion be- forts to lay down a program of work; comes delinquent March 1. otner- (Conlinned on Paitc 3, Column 7) TAXES Action Asked on Emergency Aid Washington The Senate foreign relations committee today called for "speedy action" on a measure of aid for Prance, Italy and Austria to defeat the "twin spectres of cold James J. Davis J. "Pud- dlcr Jim" Davis, 74, who camo to America the soven-ycar-old son of poor Welsh Immigrants and rose to become secretary of labor and senator from Pennsylvania, died ear- ly today of a kidney ailment. Davis had been sick for several monthii, and had been in nearby Ta- coma Pnrk sanitarium since Sep- tember, Largely aclf-cducatnd, Davis start- ed to work In a Sharon, Pa., steel mill as his father's helper when he still wan In his early teens. When ho was 10. ho became a stool Job of which he was proud for tho rest of his life, and which earned him his nick- ame. Davis later moved to Elwood, nnd there, as a member of the Amal- ?amatcd Association of Iron and Stool Workers, first entered poli- tics. At about the same time, he Joined the Loyal Order of the Moose, be- coming director-general in 1900, and holding that position until his death. Ho wan appointed secretary of la- bor by President Harding in 19.21. Nine years Inter, after serving un- der Presidents Coolidgc and Hoo- ver, he quit to accept appointment ns Republican senator from Penn- sylvania. He was rc-elcctod for full six- year terms in 1932 and 1938, but was defeated in a close raco in 1944 by .ho incumbent, Francis J. Myers, a Democrat. ing reporters: "I think wo can mark No. 5 of! tho llxt." Meant to Cut Feeding The President's grain control rec- ommendation, labeled No. 5 among the proposed cost of living curbs he presented to Congress last Monday, rend as follows: To authorize measures which will induce the marketing of live- stock nnd poultry at weights and grades that represent tho ef- llcicnt utilization of grain." This was designed to cut down the feeding of wheat nnd corn, to cat- tle, hogs and poultry so that it might be shipped instead to western Europe. litlcal chaos." The mcaBui'c wan introduced In tho Senate Wednesday by Chair- Weather 30. Mlnnciioti FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy and decidedly colder tonight; lowest 15 in the city, 10 to 12 in rural areas. Sunday, generally fair and continued quite cold; highest .Ocnorully fair .south mid mostly cloudy wlUi occiuiioniU snow ilurrles north portion tonight and Sunday, colder tonight. Low tonight, mostly 5. to 10 above north and west except in the 50s south- east. Rising temperature Sunday south and west portion. fair south and mostly cloudy north portion to- night; and Sunday snow flurries ex- tremc north. Much colder tonight with a hard freeze. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at. 12 m. today: Maximum, 47: minimum; 2fl; noon, 30; precipitation, .12 U'Ji man Vnndenbcrg and Of sun sets tonight Senator Connally rank- ing minority member. It had pre- viously been unanimously approved by a 13-0 vote of the committee. Debate on the bill will stnrt Mon- day. In a report of Its findings, the committee nalcl that: 1. Aid is cssuntlal 1C the three na- tions arc to be able to purchase the fuel, food and other commod- ities necessary "for the survival of their peoples and their economics during the coming winter." 2. The amount "docs not seem ex- But Secretary of Agriculture An-icesslve." dcrson told the Senate-House com- 3. The Impact upon the domestic mittcc yesterday his department has come to tho conclusion that no compulsory measure of this sort would work unless accompanied by price control. Ho mild further that if prlco con- trol were put into effect, thore would be no need for the weights and grades authority. Taft said that in tho light of this testimony and O.O.P. opposition to a return of any kind of coneumers1 prlco control, he doesn't see any further use in Congress grappling with the grain recommendation. There was every evidence that most other Republicans on the committee agreed with this view. Taft praised n recital by Ander- son of plans for n voluntary food conservation program by farmers but told reporters "It doesn't seem to me that any proposal by the secretary will materially affect pric- es in 1948." Anderson submitted to the com- mittee a proposed bill which would give the President brO'ad authority to require up to 100 per cent margin in the trading in farm products on the commodity' exchanges. economy would be relatively slight. As the Senate group made public Its report, the Houso committee on foreign affairs continued Its closed- door consideration oC the emergency program. Milkman Solves His Apartment Problem Minneapolis Gordon Back- strom, a 25-year-old milkman, fig- ured out a way to do his house hunting on the job and located Hv-. ing space for himself, his wife and Chlppewa their small son, who had been sc- Zumbro at Thei man. parated more than five months. a-bove Bnckstrom distributed mlmco- Trcmpcaleau _at Dodge at 4.33; sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Prec. Bcmidjl ............35 Chicago 47 DCS Molnes 46 Kansas City 48 T-iO.s Antrule.s 03 18 45 20 2fi 47 75 23 60 40 3 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Library JSB3 Band Fire relief Police relief Grain tax Totals Schools General....................... Building and sinking One-mill tax County school transportation., Grain tax..................... 30.08 0.78 10.41 8.22 1.69 5.37 3.47 0.20 0.50 1.00 30.08 6.78 10.41 8.22 1.69 5.37 3.'7 0.20 0.50 1.00 1.00 3.70 10.12 7.14 1.92 10.10 3.00 0.20 0.50 1.00 20.35 3.70 30.12 7.14 1.92 10.10 3.00 0.20 0.50 1.00 1.00 68.72 68.72 59.03 59.03 28.90 28.90 H.OO 4.00 1.00 1.00 36.41 5.00 1.00 O.B5 1.00 0.85 43.28 43.26 33.90 33.90 'DiBtrlcV part of Surar 3.46 2.07 Special One-mill tax.......... County school tuition Totals 1.30 9.63' 14.39 Grand totals 1.00 1.00 7.44 7.44 11.11 Total 1847 rates 141.70 145.77 Total 1846 rates 117.81 124.51 Search Team Doubts Any American Airmen Captives of Lolos By Harold K. Milks A 15-months search during which American officers lived with primitive Lolo tribesmen in the mud huts or "ved conclusively" no American airmen West China has "proved conclusively" no are captives there, the army announced today. AiTarmy graves registration apolcMman Mild -the long search ended after special teams com- pleted the tracing of every report and rumor. More than a, year ago, one American officer returned from a remote tribal village to report "we feel there, are five Americans in the Lolo but Major Alva Smith, commanding a search team, said today: "Our work positively established that no Americans are held cnptive." Major Smith of Savannah. Oa., Captain Edward McCalllntcr, Al- leghany, Va., and Sergeant John Fox, Tacoma, Wash., lived with the little-known Lolos of the wildly rug- ged China-Tibet border region dur- ing the search. Disguised As Priests McCalllster and Fox disguised themselves as priests to gain the confidence of tho mountain tribes- men. They found slavery a general practice, with Chinese seized in raids on lowland villages held to work while their masters fought with neighboring tribes. The two followed down one re- port of a "big-nosed" American captive to Lolo tribe flnd was instead that one holding a North .13 .03 i .06 China native whose size and facial (Continued on Page 3, Column 4) FLIERS Miami 80 Mlnneapolis-St. Paul 35 New Orleans 62 Phoenix C3 Edmonton 19 Rcgiim 12 Today's Late Grid Scores Here are late scores of .today's 03 j football games across the country. iTno nnal flgure in each game is .os; .15 .08 KIII ii. Hoot T Stage 24-Hr, the score at the end of that quarter Rod Wing 14 Lake City Roads 12 Dam 4, T. W...... Dam 5, T. W...... Dnm 5A, T. W..... Winoim (C.P.) 13 Stage Today Change; 3 Final graphed copies of their plight along with his milk, offering worth 2.4 G.I 3.3 4.3 5.4 Dam 6, Pool....... 10.3 Dam 6, T, W...... 4.1 Dakota (C.P.) 7.5 Dam 7, Pool 9.4 Dam 7, T. W...... 1.9 La Crossc 12 4.8 Tributary Streams 3.1 2.0 2.4 3.5 2.0 Wisconsin Black at Neillsvlllc.. Black at .1 .2 -h '-i U, Person who could Salem 1.7 find them a home. The novel approach paid off. Mrs. Backstrom and their son came to Minneapolis yesterday from Super- ior, Wls., where they have been liv- ing with Mrs. Backstrom's parents, to join Backstrom in their new liv- ing quarters over a grocery store. Backstrom had been living with an uncle and aunt. Root at Houston....... 5.7 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to GuHcnberp, Iowa) Except for a slight increase in stream flow above Lake Pepin, there will be no material change in the river stages throughout this district over Sunday, Sloughs and i slack water will freeze over tonight. Michigan Ohio State Purdue Indiana Northw'rn Illinois Harvard Yale Princeton Dartmouth Tulane N. Dame Penn State Pitt T, Woman Killed At Menomonie When Auto Skids Menomonie, Win. (fP> Miss Loulno Buchiuian, nil Instructor at Stout institute, was killed today when the car in which she was riding skidded .on a Menomonie street and overturned. Turn Out For Wisconsin Deer Opening M.dUon, WU. OF) Largely empty-handed during: recent duck and pheasant seasons, Wisconsin's hunters took to the fields and forests early, today for the 1847 deer season which ends November'30. "Plenty of the Conservation department reported. "All hunters have to worry about is the weather and their marksmanship." A turnout of approximately 200.- 000 sportsmen, equivalent to last year's record total, probably will try to bring back a deer during the nine-day season. In 1946, deer were bagged, and good winter weather has help- ed keep their population at a high level, particularly-in northern coun- ties, the department added. Man Charged With Impersonating F.B.I. Agent, Fraud Madlion, Assistant U. S. Attorney James E. Doyle re- ported today that federal officers had arrested Lynnford Marshall, 35, Bclolt, on-charges of impersonating an F.BX agent arid defrauding two Belolt women of several thousand said that Marshall, who dollars. Doyle was a fugitive until arrested in Elk- horn yesterday, would be held In Dane county'Jail pending arraign- ment in TJ, 8. district court here. Minnesota Girl Killed in Berlin Auto Mishap J. Thies, 35, American Red Cross worker from Willmar, Minn., was killed and three other Americans were Injured when their automobile struck a parked car in the U. S. sector of paralysis In mid-August. Berlin lost night. Her mother. Mrs. M. N. Johnson, lives at Willmar. 'Hap' Arnold Flays His Records Sent for Possible Criminal Action Washintrton The Senata war investigating subcommittee clos- ed its inquiry into the tangled war- time dealings of Bennett E. Meyers today with tin announcement by Chairman Ferguson (R.-Mich.) that the entire record is being sent to prosecuting officers for possible criminal actions. The committee wound up the hearings after hearing General Hen- ry H. (Hap) Arnold, wartime head of the air forces, testify that "on the evidence before you, a high ranking officer has disgraced his uniform nnd Ills rank." Arnold dramatically thanked the Senate Investigating group for dis- covering what he called a "rotten apple in our barrel" ns n. "wonder- ful service to the army, and air forces and the nation." Meyers Is a retired major gen- eral and during the war was deputy 'chief of procurement (purchasing) for the army air force. Steps to Be Taken Ferguson said the committee would take these actions: 1. Ask the regular Senate bank- ing committee to investigate specu- lation in government bonds. Mey- ers testified he and his family at one time bought in bonds on margins and made paper profits. 2. Ask Attorney General Clark and government tax officials to ex- amine the whole record and "take such stops as ore necessary." 3. Ask the federal district at- torney in Washington examine the testimony of Meyers and others on the "question of perjury." Ferguson reminded that the spe- cial Senate committee is not a court and cannot prosecute. But, he said that Congress, courts and the na- tion could not endure if "falsa swearing" is permitted. Senator Hatch, (D.-N. M.) brokn in to' say he agreed and recom- mended testimony in the case ba referred to the U. S. district attor- ney here for action on "this ques- tion of perjury." Ferguson said-the committee win continue its Inquiry into wartime contracts but plans no additional immediate public hearings. Arnold told the committee that during the war he accepted Meyers' "word that he no longer held in- vestments from which he might profit" due to his high position In the air force. On His Word- In saying he took Meyers' word. Arnold was referring to testimony before the committee that Meyers, also retired, actually held worth of stock in seven aircraft companies at a time when he re- ported to the air force he held none. Arnold told the committee: "We relied on what we consider- ed General Meyers' word that hs no longer held directly or indirect- ly, investments from which he might profit from his procurement author- ity. "On the evidence before you, a high-ranking officer bos disgraced his uniform and rank. He was Ablo to do these things without detec- tion by tho military. "If, to our regret, we of the air force did not find a rotten appla in our barrel, we are grateful that others have done so. "If we were at fault In not find- ing it, we must admit our fault. "But we can say with nil force at our command that we straining every nerve to prepare for and win the war. We thought had reason to rely on the integrity as well 05. ability of men entrust- ed with high responsibility. In case (of our reliance shared by many others." Conduct Not Condoned Arnold said the. air force hu "never condoned and never will con- done such conduct as is indicated by tills evidence, regardless of abfl- ity, rank or position." The committee, which.has heard a one-time associate of Meyers call the retired general a cd investigation and completing testimony today about gled wartime dealings. Wearing a gray civilian suit and blue shirt, Arnold made plain why he had asked to testify. Arnold said In firm voice: "I'm not here to pass upon the In- nocence or guilt of General I am not here to defend any ot my own actions in connection with case. I am here as the war head of men who served in the ulr force. I nm hero because some ol them have begun to have an ele- ment of doubt as to their leaders. I am here to restore the confidence they had in their lenders and the armed services." Chairman Ferguson (R.-Mich_) assured Arpold he was "welcome" after the "very sordid testimony" the committee has heard about a very small minority of officers. King to Mark 69th Birthday in Hospital Ernest Joseph King, who bossed the great- est navy ever to sail the seas, will observe his 69th birthday tomor- row quietly at Bethesda Naval hos- pital. King has been confined to hospi- tals here and in Philadelphia since 10 suffered a mild stroke without He also Here- las hardening of the turned from Philadelphia several days. ago. ;