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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, November 21, 1952

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 21, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy, Colder Tonight And Saturday VOLUME 52, NO. 236 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 21, 1952 'Pick a Present' Want Ad Section Starts Monday Stassen Mutual Security Director Princess Wladyslaw Jerzy Boguslav Radziwill of Hollywood, Calif., and Detective John Fitz look over some of her jewelry she reported missing last week which was later recovered from a bus depot locker. Today, Leonard Bleecher, held as suspect in the case, said the Princess herself planned the disappearance of the gems to get publicity. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Ike Super Council To Guide Cold War of a super council in the Eisenhower ad- ministration to mastermind a cold war offensive against the Kremlin seemed assured today by the announcement that John Foster Dulles will be the next secretary of state. Dulles, like President-elect Eisenhower who announced his selec- tion for the post Thursday, has 'made clear that his first major new goal in foreign policy will be to wrest the initiative in the global conflict from Russia. x Dulles has declared that one way to go about this is to set up a Cabinet council, including not only some regular Cabinet members but also "ministers without portfolio" charged only with high level cold war planning. Word that the veteran diplomat, recently a Truman ambassador in the negotiations of the Japanese Peace Treaty, would get the num- ber one Cabinet post next Jan. 20 was generally well received by State Department officials here despite some bitterness toward new weapons as the hydrogen j him resulting from his attacks on bomb, seems likely to emerge, Truman foreign policies during the from the crisis that is now over- j presidential campaign. TODAY Strategy For West Changing By JOSEPH ALSOP PARIS. new Western strat- egy, depending much more heavily on strategic airpower and such Ike Calls in 4 GOP Senators For New Talks Seeks to Hasten Plans for Trip To Korean Front By RELMAN MORIN NEW YORK Eisenhower called in four Repub- lican senators for discussions about his appeared to be hastening his plans to leave for Korea. He announced three cabinet ap- pointments Thursday, two of them for offices that deal directly with the Korean problem. They were John Foster Dulles, veteran foreign policy adviser, for secretary of state, and Charles E. Wilson, president of General Mo- tors, for secretary of defense. Oregon's Gov. Douglas McKay was named for secretary of the interior. At the same time, Eisenhower's office and the Department of De- fense announced there will be no news reports about his Korean trip while he is outside the United only one news writer will go with him. 3 To Make Trip His press secretary, James C. Hagerty, told correspondents here I yesterday that three news media representatives will be taken on the trip, a correspondent, a "still" photographer, and a newsreel cam- eraman. Secretary of Defense Robert Lovett announced earlier that "no news reports of the President- designate's'activities will be cleared through the Korean Thea- ter of Operations until after the President-designate leaves Korea. Lovett .also said there will be no published schedule, relating to Eisenhower's departure, return, or whereabouts, at any time. Eisenhower's aides gave no in- dication whether he will attempt to complete his cabinet before head- ing into the war zone. He scheduled conferences today A Happy Polish Exile, Ludwig Tomkiewicz, hugs his long-miss- ing son, Myczyslav, 13, on the youngster's arrival in London Thurs- day. The boy, missing since a war separation sent him to Soviet Siberia and a later destitute existence in Communist-dominated Poland, slipped past Russian-German-Polish controls into Western Germany by answering questions in Russian. The youth, hearing of his father's residence in England, was airlifted to the reunion by British authorities in Berlin. (AP Wirephoto via Radio from London) taking the Atlantic alliance. Dulles is unlike any other man Initially, at least, President-elect j Eisenhower might have named. Eisenhower may well be reluctant I Not only a veteran of 45 years of to adopt this new strategy, since j worj; m the foreign was it involves drastic revision of his i secretary of an international con own plans for Western European ference when his grandfather wa; defense. Yet he can hardly escape secretary of state in has the central fact, already reported J aiso piayed an important part in in this space. Our allies are no fte .development of national poli- longer working towards the de- j cies during recent years. U. S. May Support India Korean Plan By OSGOOD CARUTHERS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Western Allies moved closer to agreement today on changes they hoped would bring full support that of the U. India's compromise plan for ending the Korean War prisoner deadlock. An eighteen-nation group headed by the U. S., Britain and France planried to meet behind closed doors in the U.N. this morning to work over amendments to plan submitted Wednesday by In- dia's V. K. Krishna Menon. Other nations in the group are Canada, Australia, Turkey, Denmark and Colombia. They have as a working basis changes suggested yesterday by British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, who said the Indian plan brings the U. N. nearer to agree- ment on the one outstanding issue holding up an armistice in Korea prisoner of war problem. Strong American objections to Putnam May Postpone Soft Coal Decision WASHINGTON Iffi Economic Allied Infantry Stops Fanatical Chinese Attack All Other Red Drives Halted On Frozen Slopes By ROBERT TUCKMAN SEOUL CB Allied infantrymen smashed a fanatical Chinese as- sault today on Sniper j Ridge the Central Korean Front and stopped lesser attacks elsewhere on the battle line. A U. S. Eighth Army spokesman told correspondents: "No ground' was lost." He said an estimated 750 Chinese i stormed the frozen, forbidding slopes of Sniper Ridge but were killed, wounded or driven back by stubborn South Korean troops who have lost and retaken the height 16 times in 38 days. Some of the fighting was hand- to-hand. Battalion Slams A Red battalion slammed against Pinpoint Hill, the dominating ground of Sniper Ridge Thursday night. The Communists supported their assaults with a tremendous barrage of mortar and artillery. Within an hour, one company of Chinese pulled out and left two companies to push ahead. But by 10 p.m. the drive 'was blunted. The Allied spokesman said four Communist armored vehicles, probably tanks, rained 50 caliber machine gun fire on ROK positions on Sniper just before midnight. William Green with Senators William Knowland original Indian that Stabilizer Roger Putnam _ may of- California, Henry Cabot Lodge Was ambiguous and would not postpone until next week his de- oi Massachusetts, H, Alexander j work had threatened a serious I cision on whether a daily Smith of New Jersey and James 'split among the 21 allies backing pay raise for soft coal miners is TT c ff T-ocrVlntinn i inflatinnarv I a U S.-drafted Korean resolution i inflationary, which the Soviet bloc in the U. N. Putnam was reported today already has rejected. Duff Of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby, editor and co-publisher of the Houston (Tex) Post, was on his calling list. She has been mentioned frequent- j tnaPMenon's" cfari- ly as a possibility for a cabinet i fied before they can accept it_ The position or some other high office i resolutjoni cans for a four-nation to The Americans reportedly insisted have about decided to put: off the fense force of ninety-eight ready and reserve divisions, as required by Eisenhower's former planning staff at SHAPE. Count on Bombs Once a U. S. senator and a close associate of the late Sen. Arthur Vandenberg and of Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, Dulles had a hand in the formation of the United Na- and in obtaining bipartisan in government. Lodge led the fight for Eisen- hower's nomination as the Repub- lican candidate, both before and i commission, an umpire to targets. As n result, even continu- ing American aid plus recruitment of the Germans will not produce a force of much more than sixty-five divisions by 1954. Certain of our allies, most notably the British chiefs of staff, have therefore de- veloped a new strategic concept, to rationalize, as it were, their own lowering of targets. This new Western defense concept comes in three parts. First, the primary deterrents of Soviet aggression are to be Ameri- ca's strategic airpower and Amer- ica's stock of atomic weapons, prospectively reinforced by the hy- J for it. He has served on many missions abroad, apart from the U.N. He was one of those who helped to new president, becom- put across the Marshall Plan for Eisenhower's "Harry Hop- European recovery and to shape the North Atlantic Treaty Organi- zation. In April, 1950, Dulles became a full-time consultant to Acheson. Last March Dulles resigned his consultant position to be free to criticize the administration and to campaign actively for a Republi- can victory in November. In the course of this campaign he broadly supported all efforts to ing supplied, by serving their communications with the Russian homeland, as well as to destroy these attacking forces themselves. On the surface, this looks lite a scheme that will allow our hard- pressed allies to stabilize their re- armament at approximately the present levels; will allow us at home to stabilize our aid to Eur- ope also; and will afford what is essential a secure defense of the free world. In the end, the new concept will do all these things. (Continued on Page S, Column 4.) ALSOPS global strategy in the cold war. i NEW YORK W) Federal Judge Urges Super Council I Irving R. Kaufman today set the To accomplish such an objective week of Jan. 12 for the execution and put Russia on the defensive of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, drogen bomb, the British atomic unify and strengthen the Allies, but bomb and the small but growing j sharply crjticized what he consid- s-rategic airpower of Britain ,ered to be the administration's I Second, however, Western Eur- y develop a truly offensive ope, the great prize of Soviet J agressive ambition, the real key to the forward airbases which make our strategic airpower truly ef- fective, is emphatically not to .be left naked and undefended. There must be a tough, effective, "cov- ering force" to discourage any at- tack on Europe. Need Better Plans Third, better plans must also be laid to help this covering force to "cut the enemy down to size" by right uses of the new weapons. The ninety-eight division scheme for Western European defense was based on an estimate that the Kremlin could attack with 100 divisions across northern Eur- ope, and send seventy-five more southwards against Italy, Yugo- slavia and Greece. The new wea- pons should be used to prevent such large Soviet forces from be- kins.'1 Knowland's conference with the general probably will be concerned with organization of the Senate. He is considered a possibility for the post of Senate leader. Execution Date Set for Spies settle deadlocks, to handle the i repatriation of the war prisoners TT .land take care of those who don't during the GOP convention. He lost want to return to Red-ruled homes his Senate seat in the Nov. 4 elec- untu a political conference decides tion and is considered almost cer- tain to be brought into Eisenhow- er's inner circle when the new government takes over. Job for Lodge There has been speculation he may play the role of special assis- their fate. The U. S. reservations apparent- ly have been ironed out to some i degree in private talks among the Allies. ruling until next Monday or Tues- day. He had promised earlier to do everything possible to reach a decision this week. The case came to Putnam on an appeal from a Wage Stabiliza- tion Board decision holding that only of the miners' nego- tiated payraise was approvable under the nation's wage controls. The'board held that the extra 40 cents, if paid, would be inflation- ary. There was no indication of how If he upholds egret; lu would mie_ H ne upholds lhes' _ 'the WSB and rules that the extra Eden's endorsement in the Gen- j d De pajd -al Assembly's Political Commit- j they may walk out in eral Assembly's Political Commit- j vg minel.- tee yesterday of the plan's general Lrotest outline and his suggestions j A ruii A reversing the WSB, on 5 A reversng te on alterations to clarify its many other5hand wouid damage that nnints. brought the American com- _______ ,_ points, brought the American com- prestige and might lead ment that "we are moving closer and closer to a settlement. Although the Indians have said they would not have introduced their resolution without reasonable assurance that both Communist and Western nations would accept it, there still is no reaction from the Russians. In his speech yesterday, deliv- ered after he had a luncheon con- ference with Eisenhower, Eden asked Menon to revise two main points of his resolution. Allied artillery drove off the vehicles. It was cold 10 degrees above zero. Both sides kept up. a crackling exchange of gunfire, aad early this morning a suicide platoon of Chi- nese charged Sniper Ridge, hurl- ing hand grenades when they got near the ROK foxholes. But the South Koreans held their ground and shortly after dawn the Chinese pulled out. On Western Front Eighth Army headquarters re- ported a series of Communist at- tacks all along the 155-mile battle line. On the extreme Eastern Front, North Korean troops stab- bed twice Thursday night and twice this morning at Allied positions south, of Kosong in the Anchor Hill sector. All the probes were driven off. On the Western Front, west of Yonchon, Chinese platoons attacked two outposts in early morning dark- ness and U. N. troops withdrew temporarily. Allied field guns pum- j meled the enemy and Allied forces I reoccupied the positions without j opposition. On the Central Front, southeast' of Capitol Hill, 175 Chinese hit an Allied outpost early today and en- gaged U. N. defenders in hand-to- hand fighting. The battle raged for three hours until Eighth Army troops brought up reinforcements and the Chinese broke contact at a.m. and withdrew. William Green, AFL President 28 Years, Dead WASHINGTON OB William Green, 81, president of the AFL, died today at his home in Coshoc- ,on, 0., the AFL announced. An AFL official said death came at p. m. He said Green died of a heart attack. It was the second death of a major labor leader within a month. Philip Murray, head of the rival CIO, collapsed and died at San Francisco Nov. 9. Green started as a coal miner and rose to the presidency of the Federation. His original ambition had been to be a Baptist preacher. The man largely responsible for his original choice in 1924 was John L. Lewis. A little more than a decade later Lewis split with the AFL and formed the rival Congress of Industrial Organiza- tions. Thus was created the great division in organized labor in the United States and the two former Ike Appoints Brownell as Attorney General George M. Humphrey Of Cleveland Treasury Secretary NEW YORK Dwight D, Eisenhower today designated George M. Humphrey, of Cleve- land, Secretary of the Treasury. He named Herbert Brownell Jr., of New York, attorney general, and rfarold E. Stassen, former governor of Minnesota, director of the Mu- tual Security Agency. Brownell, New York lawyer, was a leader of Eisenhower's cam- paign for the GOP nomination, and he directed strat- egy in the elec- tion campaign. Stassen it now president of the University o i Pennsylvania. He also was a key figure in Eisen- hower's nomina- tion. Humphrey, 62. is president or the M. A. Hanna Co of Cleveland. H. Brownell, Jr. jje is a director of numerous large corporations. It was the second day in a row that Eisenhower had handed out a new list of appointees who will take over key posts in his admin- istration. James Hagerty, the press secretary, announced the new designations. The following are some of. the positions held by Humphrey in in- dustry: Ore Firm Executive President of the M. A. Hanna Company, coal and iron, ore ship- pers; .chairman of the executive committee, National Steel Corp.; Dulles advocated not only the crea- tion of a super Cabinet perhaps through revision of the present National Security Council also: 1. A psychological campaign by "peaceful means" to make Russia uncertain of its hold over its satel- lite nations in Eastern Europe and over China. 2. Development of means to de- fend weak nations on a global basis, probably by threatening Russia with direct retaliation if Communist forces tried to open up any more Koreas. 3. Action to streamline relations between the departments the government dealing with foreign as state, defense and the Mutual Security Agency so that decisions on legislative action could be more efficiently worked out and the time of Cabinet mem- bers spared for policy making. Dulles' lines on Korea has beep exactly the same as that of Presi- dent-elect Eisenhower. In a speech at Boston Oct. 11 he estimated that 20 million South Koreans should be able to provide an army which "could gradually replace the estimated U. S. troops now in front line positions." convicted atomic spies. Last week the United States Supreme Court refused for a second time to rehear the case of the husband and wife prisoners. They, were convicted March 29, 1951 of passing atomic secrets to Russia, and for many months-have been confined in the death house at Sing Sing Prison. Judge Vernon Gates Dead at Rochester ROCHESTER, Minn. UP) Judge Vernon Gates of Rochester, who had been on the District Court bench in the Third Judicia 1 District I more than 25 years, died Thursday night in St. Mary's Hospital. i Judge Gates, 64, had been seriously ill since suffering a stroke I posed be made up of Poland, Sept_ 39. He had served continuously as a Third District judge since his Czechoslovakia, Sweden and Swit- j appomtment m For six year! Briton suggested that previous to that time he had been deftaite provS bemade Olmsted County probate judge, for caring for those prisoners who Judge Gates served at the dis- still have not been repatriated 90 i trkt court sessions in Olmsted and days after the armistice. Houston counties regularly and on The Indian resolution says only WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and a little colder tonight and Saturday. Low tonight 25, high Saturday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 46; minimum, 29; noon, 42; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wis. Central Observations) Slax, temp. 43 at noon, low 28 at 7 a, m. Noon scat- tered at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 1 miles per hour from west and northwest, humidity 62 per cent, barometer 30.11 rising. that their destination will be cided after that time by a political conference. The Americans claim this would make the POWs pawns in the overall political haggling on the whole problem of a Korean peace and unification. HOPPING 'AYS LEFT special occasions has held court in Winona County. He was a past president of the Minnesota Judges Association and a past grand master of the Minne- sota Grand Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. Judge Gates served twice as president of the Mayo Memorial Association. (He was a member of the Wino- na Scottish Rites bodies in which he was a Knight Commander of the Court of Honor in the supreme council.) Judge Gates had been a widow- er since 1941. He is survived by two daughters, Mrs. Robert Dunn of Minneapolis and Eleanor Gates, a senior at Carleton College. "Judge Gates will be missed very much by Ull of District Judge Karl Finkelnburg of Winona said today. "He was an able judge and good friend to all of the at- torneys. He was greatly respected united auu uic LWU Avum-i. CUIIUIHIUSC, ULUCI allies engaged in sharp bickering, i chairman of the board of the Sus- Green was born in the mining! quehanna Anthracite Company, of town'of Coshocton, March 3, Cleveland; member of the execu- and before he was out of grade tjve committee of the National school was working with his miner Bank. Cleveland; director of father during vacations. At 18 he was a full-fledged miner. His friends and associates re- garded him as labor's "man of good will" who often brought a moderating influence to bear on labor troubles. He was the con- stant advocate of greater labor- management co-operation in the field of industrial relations. Green vigorously opposed Com- munistic influences in labor unions and frequently was the target of criticism in Soviet publications. In 1946 he said the United States must "be firm with Russia now or be forced to fight her later." He was married at 21 to Jennie Mobley. To this union five daugh- ters and one son were born. McKay Okay, Chapman States ilhe Phelps Dodge Corp.; chair- MADISON (a -Secretary of the man of the executive committee Interior Oscar L. Chapman said and director of Industrial Rayon here Thursday that his successor j Corp. chosen by President-elect Dwight j Humphrey has some background D. Eisenhower is "a very fine Jin government work, having been choice." former chairman of the Industrial Harold E. Stassen Chapman called Republican Gov. Douglas McKay of Oregon "a very fine man. very capable. He is a personal friend; I know him well. I am very pleased with Mr. Eisen- hower's choice." McKay has been active in the study of resources development in the Pacific North- west, a matter that has been un- der Chapman's jurisdiction. The secretary was here to ad- dress a University of Wisconsin audience under sponsorship of the Knapp memorial lecture fund. Advisory Committee of the Econo- mic Co-operation Administration. This committee dealt with re- parations and the dismantling of German plants after World War II. He was chairman of the Busi- ness Advisory Council of the Com- merce Department in 1948. Switched to Ike Stassen has long been active in Republican politics. At the GOP i convention, he was an aspirant for napp memora ecure un. He warned his audience that the nomination but switched bos Americans must view their natur- votes to Eisenhower to give the al resources problem "not in a j general the nomination on the first narrow, nationalistic but> ballot, as "a free world problem." i Brownell, a long-time nghthand Chapman emphasized that the man of Gov. Thomas- E. Dewey, of Judge Vernon Gates and will be missed by the entire A successor to Judge Gates, to fill the remainder of his term, will be appointed by Gov. C. Elmer Anderson. United States is "by no means a self sufficient, continental island. As the years go by, we are likely to become increasingly dependent upon foreign sources for essential materials." The country must take stock of its natural resources in light of a predicted population growth of one third in the next 25 years, he said. "We must import and export; we i must take the lead in designing a more rational and freer system of international trade for the imme- diate as .well as for the longer fu- ture." i Chapman predicted the role of federal government- in conserva- tion, development and manage- ment of natural resources will grow in size and in importance. He spoke of taming and harnessing rivers, protecting soil, "providing wiser arrangements for develop- ment of our mineral resources" and "the exciting prospect of atomic energy." In the future, he added, tidal energy and solar energy may be utilized by man. New York, took a leading role in masterminding Eisenhower's stra- tegy at the GOP convention. He also was a key adviser during the general's campaigns for the presidency. Before the appointments were announced Eisenhower conferred with Sen. H. Alexander Smith of New Jersey who said the general was only going to Korea and will not visit Japan or any other coun- tries. Thanksgiving Food This Year Cheaper CHICAGO din- ner will be cheaper this year for Midwest families, the U. S. Depart- ment of Agriculture said today. The department's Midwest office said foods for a turkey dinner for an average family can be bought for about 49 cents less today than the same items cost just before Thanksgiving last year. ;