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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 21, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Colder Tonight, Warmer Wednesday Wo Will 13e Tops In Our Town? VOLUME 50, NO. 235 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 21, 1950 EIGHTEEN PAGES New Flood Sweeps Through Reno Americans Reach Manchurian Border, Captute Yalu River City What Do We Do Now? Little Celebrating at Border By Tarn Stone At the Manchurian Border, Korea American infantrymen slogged into the ghost city of Hyesanjin on the Red Manchurian border of North Korea today and occu- pied it without firing a shot. They patted one another on the back. Some shook hands. But there was no shouting. Major General David Barr, commander of the U. S. Sev- enth infantry division whose 17th combat teem came here, commented: "I'm thankful that we got here with a minimum cost in lives and equipment." It was the first Ameri- can unit to reach the border. Colonel Herbert B. Powell, commander of the 17th regi- ment, said: "We will sweep through the town and then go back into good hill positions and then see what happens." Powell added: "What will happen after that is out of my hands. That's somebody else's policy." The colonel was not surpris- ed that no resistance was met. He said he saw no signs of the enemy; "there was no out- posts and no delaying detach- ments." First G.I.'s to enter the city were Master Sergeants M. S. Osborne of Yakima, Wash., and Edward Perdins of Los Angeles. Osborne said, "So that's the Yalu." "It's damned good to be here. What do we do the California soldier asked. TODAY- Most Russian Bombs Could Get Through By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington According to the estimates on which American plan- ning is based, the Kremlin has, to- day, a stockpile of between 20 to 25 atomic bombs. If you ask the a secondary'factor. M op-up in Korea best of the air defense experts how many of these bombs could be ex- pected to get through to targets in this country, in case of surprise attack by the Soviet fleet of TU-4 strategic bombers, you will get a rather bleak all of them." As this answer suggests, the ef- fectiveness of the American air de- fense today stands very close to zero. This is no( the fault of the Air Force. During the period when Louis A. Johnson was secretary of defense, the Air Force, starved for funds, concentrated very largely on strategic bombing capacity. This decision was dcmonstrably the correct one, for, General Omar Bradley pointed out the oth- er day, since Korea "the free world has been left without ade- quate reserves except for the atom- ic bomb." But the policy of con- centrating on the strategic air force left this country, when the John- son regime ended, with a totally inadequate radar net, and without any modern radar-equipped night- fighters at all. Under the new Defense depart- ment regime, this situation is be- ing corrected as rapidly as pos- sible. The radar screen is being vastly improved, and it will soon be extended well out into the At- lantic by means of picket ships. Plans for the creation of an over- all "theater of the United commanded by a single comman- der to whom all three services will be responsible in case of attack on this country, are being studied by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The continental air defense is being re- organized and greatly strengthen- ed. Plans are also being prepared for very strict air traffic control. This is a much more important matter than most people realize. Obvious- ly, the first requirement of a seri- ous air defense is to be able to distinguish between friendly planes and hostile planes. Any unidenti- fied plane may be an enemy plane Until very recently, an average of about a dozen planes a day which were never identified at all were spotted on the radar screens in the area assigned to one of the country's seven air divisions. This area included New York ci- ty, and the planes might, of course, have been Russian. The average has now been more than cut in half. But a serious defense will re- quire that every plane flying over American territory can be instant- ly identified. Yet even the most serious de- fense, the experts warn, can nev- er come close to a total defense, bar the discovery of some entire- ly new scientific principle, like the discovery of nuclear itself. The very best that is hoped is that an air defense can be built within the next eighteen to twenty months capable of knocking out between 20 and 30 per cent of an attacking force. And those who should know emphasize, with all the fervor of men who will be blamed if disaster strikes, that even this ratio would be little short of miraculous. This ratio must be considered in the context of a further that according to the accepted es- timates, the Soviets should have a stockpile of between 100 and 130 atom bombs by the beginning of (Continued on Page 5, Column 5) ALSOPS Waits for Spring By Stan Swinton On the Northeast Front, Nations intelligence officers predict the Korean war will continue well into next spring. Wild, inaccessible mountains, head-high snow drifts and tempera- tures 20 degrees and more below zero will delay the U.N. victory, they fear. i------_________---------------- They consider enemy f I I Copper Shipped To Communists By U. S. Firms They do not believe the North Korean and Chinese Communists can build a winter line which could U.N. forces could bludgeon it with full strength. But sub-zero temperature will cut combat efficiency. Most of the U. N. army's resources will be ab- sorbed in just keeping men alive and in the line. Winter Helps Reds Any winter cleanup offensive in an area where the terrain and poor roads would give the Communists all the advantages is virtually out of the question, these sources say. This is what qualified intelli- gence sources expect the deep win- ter to bring: First Increasing bad feeling between North Korean and Chinese Communists. By John Chadwick Senate sub- committee ordered a public airing today of new evidence about round- the-world shipments of Japanese copper to Communist China. Called to testify were officials of export firms which had a part in trade that sent the war-useful metal from U.S.-occupied Japan to New York city and then to China. The Koreans and Chinese nev-11hln of the public hearing er have been on particularly good terms in Asia. Recently-captured North Korean prisoners bitterly had told their stories behind to a Senate commerce subcommittee investigating ship- in the rear. This bad feeling similar to that between Italians and Germans in the last war expected to grow. Second A buildup of organiz- ed guerrilla activity to harass U.N. forces both at the front and rear. Most guerrilla activity so far has been by bypassed North Korean units. As time goes on, "line passers" who slip through the front are ex- pected to build the guerrillas' nuis- ance value. They are expected to furnish more intelligent planning and better execution. Some prob- ably will come from special Com- munist guerrilla training schools in Red territory. nese copper had been hauled to China by way of New York. Seventh Division Outfit First To Reach Border Seoul American infantry- men today burst into the Korean border town of Hyesanjin, across the hazy Yalu river from Commu- nist Manchuria. Tanks, flanked by bearded infan- trymen of the U. S. Seventh divi- sion, lumbered up to the slushy banks of the Yalu at a.m. p.m., C.S.T., They were the first Americans to reach the border. Major General Edward M. Al- mond, Tenth corps commander, who was with his men when they reached "the border, jubilantly an- nounced the drive -to the Yalu boundary through snow-covered mountain passes has divided en- emy held territory and isolated all significant forces east of the 127th parallel east longitude." However, the Communists still have a great network of military highways and railways in the northeast, linked with Manchuria where Korean Red armies were reported being reorganized. And strong Red buildups, com- bined with the rigorous Korean winter, brought predictions from United Nations intelligence officers the war will continue well into next spring. Tanks Lead Column Major General David G. Barr, Seventh division commander, ac- companied his .17th regimental combat team as it slogged down out of the mountains to the Yalu river banks near Hyesanjin. Dog-tired infantrymen had com- pleted a 20-mile march through melting snow and a vanishing en- emy to reach the border. Elevan tanks, protected by in- fantrymen and antiaircraft batter- ies, led the column. Colonel Herbert B. Powell, com- manding the 17th, said Red Man- churia was within easy artillery range, but his guns would not fire across the river "unless they fire at us first." The weary infantrymen, veter- ans, of an outfit which fought on Attu in the Aleutians during the second world war, reached the bor- der just 22 days after they made_ an unopposed amphibious landing in Korea. The border was the end of a 100-mile march over treacher- ous mountain roads and across a mountain range, and in temperatures that sometimes drop- ped below zero. Cut Rail Line Almond announced his corps has liberated square miles of North Korea in less than a month There was no hint of the next move of the 17th regimental com- Youngdahl Vote Tops Olson's Record in 1930 Governor Carries 84 of 87 Counties, Wins by By Jack B. Mackay St. Paul Governor Young- dahl's margin over Harry H. Pet- erson, his Democratic Farmer-La- bor opponent, in the Republican landslide election November 7 was votes, official returns of the state canvassing board showed to- day. A 20-year record for a guberna- torial candidate was chalked up by Youngdahl when he carried 84 of the state's 87 counties. He sur- passed the mark established in 1930 by the late Governor Floyd B. Ol- son, Farmer-Laborite, who then won 82 counties. Secretary of State Mike Holm again demonstrated his vote-get- ting powers by leading the ticket with against for his D.-F. L. rival, Mrs. A. J. McGuire of St. Paul. Holm carried all the state's counties, and won by a ma- jority Of j The governor's vote, in point of I percentage, was the fourth highest Jin history. He received 60.75 per I cent of the total vote cast of 967. The total vote was in 1948, a presidential year. First honors for the biggest per- centage of votes went to L. F. Hub- bard, governor in 1881, with, 63.63 per cent. The second highest per- centage of votes was received by J. A. A. Burnquist when he was elected governor in 1916. He receiv- ed 62.94 per cent. He is now at- torney general and won by a mar- gin of votes over Orville Freeman of Minneapolis. Edward- J. Thye, now United States sena- tor, holds third place with 61.59 per cent received in 1944. State Auditor Stafford King, elec- ted for a four-year term, defeated Elmer A. Borgsehatz of Zumbrota by a margin of Minnesota has a new treasurer __Valdimar Bjornson of Minneapo- lis, radio commentator and editori- al writer. Running for the first time for state office, Bjornson's majority was not as large as many of the others. Paul A. Rasmussen of Chatfield, state budget commis- sioner under Floyd Olson, got 6 to 8 Feet Of Water in Parts of City High Water In California Causes Seven Deaths By The Associated Press Raging flood waters swept through northern and central Cali- fornia and western Nevada for the third consecutive day today, causing uncounted millions of dol- lars in damage and leaving at least nine persons dead and thousands homeless. Here is the situation in the stricken areas: Nevada The main section of Reno was under six to eight feet of water as the swirling Truckee river hit with crushing force at last night. Plush hotels and gambling qasinos were flooded. A iiree-block wide torrent raged trough the heart of the "biggest little city in the world." There were wo flood deaths. California The American riv- er swelled over its banks at Sacra- mento, forcing 700 residents from Grinning Guests wade through Truckee river flood waters in the lobby of the plush Riverside hotel in Reno, Nev., this morning. The water did untold damage to hotels, business houses and private homes within two blocks of the river on each side. The people wad- ing declined to identify themselves, saying the water was too cold to take the time. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) At an open session about three weeks ago the subcommittee, headed by Senator O'Conor (D.- received testimony that nearly pounds of Japa- i bat team. Its position at Hyesanjin 1 cuts a highway and rail network The shipments were made prior [that Japanese militarists built to the tightening of controls over j along the border when they ruled Cut Sought to Avoid Excess Tax Levy By Barney Livingstone U. S. Chamber of Commerce called On Con- gress today to cut government spending for nonmilitary purposes by at least before it considers taxing excess profits of corporations. Ripping into administration proposals for a 75 per cent tax on 444 548 votes against Bjornson's abnormal business profits, Ellsworth C. Alvord, chairman of toe cham- ber's finance committee, declared Grace Kaercher Davis, Minneap- it was impossible to devise a work- olis, veteran supreme court clerk, excess profits tax to produce had a close race. She won out by ft 54 yearly asked by less than votes over Charles P Gallagher of Minneapolis. President Truman. Leonard E. Lindquist, chairman of the state railroad and warehouse commission, was elected for both the full term of six years and the (Continued on Page 15, Column 3) YOUNGDAHL exports of Japanese copper July. A ban had been placed on The Communists still can shipments of U.S.-produced copper to Communist areas a year ear- lier. O'Conor said last night that mil- lions of pounds of tin mill products have also been shipped from this country to Red China, put Third Sub-zero weather is ex- in a statement, O'Conor said that pected to hurt the ill-equipped en- emy more than the U. N. forces, By spring, cold weather casualties may have reduced the Communists' fighting power sharply. A winter campaign, however, although the materials are second grade "they can and easily are manufactured into strategic ten miles up the east coast ucts." He called on the Commerce I Monday, capturing Chuchonhujang, State Converts Federal Bonds St state of Min- nesota today was "hard up" for it was decided to convert of government bonds I into cash. Paralleling the 1'th's advance, I That's what State Auditor Staf- the South Korean Capital division I ford King told the state investment men across the border on either side of this point. They could take advantage of uncut sections of the military road network, or seldom used mountain passes over which Chinese Communist divisions trav- eled when they first poured into Korea. department to halt such exports. A department spokesman said a does not mean U. N. advances are j close watch is being kept on the not expected to continue. 75 miles east of Hyesanjin. This put the Koreans just 85 miles from the Soviet Siberian border. 1 si'.uation. Infantrymen of the Seventh division's 17th regimental combat team, huddled against the subzero cold, ride tank tops as they move along a mountain road on a patrol in North Korea. (A.P. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) board which met in Governor Youngdahl's office. King explained that heavy pay- ments of school aids, amounting to about in recent months, put a "big hole" in the state's cash balances. Bachelor Farmer Shot to Death Waukon, Iowa Leonard Garin, 46-year-old bachelor farm- er, was shot to death Sunday at the nearby Mississippi river ham- let of Harpers Ferry and a 45-year- old housewife was held in the case. County Attorney Will Shafer said Mrs. Clem Cassidy, 45, mother of four children, had made an oral statement admitting she fired the rifle shot which killed Garin. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Cloudy and a little colder tonight Increas- ingly cloudy and slightly rising temperature Wednesday afternoon. Low tonight 20, high Wednesday 42. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 37; minimum, 22; noon, 37; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 15. Alvord set forth the chamber's views in a statement for the House ways and means committee, which is winding up hearings on the pro- fits tax proposal which Mr. Tru- man says is necessary to finance the expanding defense program. As business wheeled its biggest guns into the hearings, Democrats on the tax writing ways and means committee continued to hold firm rein on Republican efforts to dis- cuss substitutes for the adminis- tration plan. G.O.P. committee members are plugging for a rise in the corpor- ate income tax rate or a combina- tion of that with an excess profits tax. But the Democrats are stick- ing by a mandate from the House to draw up an excess profits tax bill. Hershey Proposes Halting Deferments Of 18, 19-Year-Olds Gen- eral Lewis B. Hershey says he would like to call a halt on deferments for 18 and 19-year- old youths scheduled for induc- tion into the armed forces. The director of selective serv- ice said last night there must be increased pressure put on the younger age groups be- cause half the. men in the 18-to-26 draft age group are exempt or deferred from military service because of previous armed forces service or dependencies. Of the remaining eligibles, Hershey said in an interview, between 30 and 40 per cent will be rejected for physical rea- sons. Dogs Attack Two Milwaukee Children Milwaukee Two young dogs and two young children met on a lonely street yester- day with near-tragic results. The frightened children ran, the pups chased them and when the melee was over both children were bitten one se- riously and the dogs were dead. Nine-year-old Richard Sem- rau, whose screams diverted the dogs' attention from his six-year-old girl companion, was resting at a hospital to- day following surgery which closed 12 to 15 puncture wounds on both legs and his left shoul- der. The little girl, Meribeth Rakowski, escaped with minor abrasions and torn 'clothing. Mrs. Richard Rakowski, Meribeth's mother, termed the incident a tragic accident. dogs rushed the children as they walked home from school on the southern out- skirts of the city. Meribeth ran and one of the dogs caught her. Richard stood and screamed at them. Both animals then turned on him. Richard flung himself into a ditch with his arms over his head and face. Both dogs piled on him. Two schoolgirls saw the at- tack and ran to a nearby tavern for help. Three men hur- ried out and chased the pups away with rocks. When Deputy Sheriffs Ken- neth Puetz and Ralph Schuster arrived on their motorcycles, the dogs reappeared and ran toward them. Both officers opened fire. One dog was killed instantly. The other crashed in- to a barn and died. Sheriff Herman Kubiak or- dered John Tboll, owner of the dogs, to appear in his office today. Kubiak said be would ask District Attorney William J. McCauley to issue a warrant for Tboll charging him with permitting vicious dogs to run at large. Mrs. Tboll said the seven- month-old dogs ordinarily were kept at home but had escaped from their quarters. State of Emergency Sacramento, Calif. UP) Governor Warren today de- clared state of emergency be- cause of the raging floods in California's central valley. He authorized all state agen- cies to use their employes, equipment- and facilities to as- sist local communities. The adjutant general's office hed alerted National Guardsmen for emergency flood duty in the valley. their homes. Bear river smashed through levees at three places in the Marigold-Hammonton area in Yuba county to the north. Other districts in central California re- ported somewhat improved flood conditions. Stven Dead in California California had seven deaths dir- ectly or indirectly due to the floods. The U. S. Weather bureau at San Francisco predicted "moder- ate to heavy rain" for the high Sierra ninth straight day of storms. Reno, gaudy little city of casinos and quickie divorces, reeled under the impact of the flood. Muddy wa- ter raced through the business dis- trict in a stream three blocks wide, sweeping trees, benches, cars in its rage. The plush Riverside hotel had five feet of water on its main floor. The ultra swank Mapes hotel measured six feet of water in its lobby. Merchants reported thou- sands of dollars of damage to Christmas merchandise stored in flooded basements. United air lines scheduled a spe- cial plane to evacuate stranded travelers, but canceled it because only two wanted out. The Nevada National Guard was called out in arms to prevent loot- ing and keep residents from dan- ger zones. All of tHe city's eight bridges across the Truckee were complete- ly under water. Sewer Mains Burst Two big sewer mains over the river on the east side of Reno were broken. Two persons died as a result of the Reno flood. An unidentified man died of a heart attack while attempting to save stock in the basement of a department store. Another unidentified man commit- ted suicide by jumping into the flood waters. The Reno flood was reported to have crested at a.m. and it was hoped the waters would be- gin receding. However, an uncon- firmed report said the crest still was 25 miles upriver. The biggest threat in California was in the Sutter-Yuba county area. Dikes along the flooding Bear river broke, sending streams of wa- ter into the towns of Hammonton and Marigold. Sheriff's officers reported a num- ber of Hammonton residents had huddled in the upper stories of an office building there. They were in no immediate danger. In the Marigold district scores of persons were stranded on gold dredging piles along the river. They were reported to be safe. No casualties were reported in the Eammonton-Marigold area. The current was too strong for boats to maintain rescue opera- tions. At Sacramento the American riv- er spilled over 'levees late last night, chasing some 700 residents from homes along the river. Governor Earl Warren alerted California National Guardsmen as the river lapped higher and high- er. ;