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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 20, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight, Friday; No Change In Temperature 'Pick a Present' Want Ad Section Starts Next Mondaj VOLUME 52, NO. 235 SliX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY NOVEMBER 20, 1952 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Dulles Named Secretary of State, Post C E. Wilson Gets Defense Some Controls Sure to Remain, Capehart Says Price, Wage and Rent Curbs Under Scrutiny By JOE HALL WASHINGTON Sen. Cape- hart (R-Ind) says he is certain the new Republican Congress will ap- prove some form of price, wage and rent controls whether or not President-elect Eisenhower favors them. Capehart, scheduled to become chairman of the -Senate Banking Committee, which handles controls legislation, brought this out day shortly after a hearing at which Price Stabilizer Tighe Woods urged that controls be extended. The law authorizing controls will expire April 30 unless extended, and there has been talk in Con- gress of refusing to extend it. Capehart told a reporter he was certain his committee would ap- prove and Congress would pass some form of standby controls in the next session, whatever it de- cides about the present curbs. Votes Available Asked if he thought Eisenhower would want such standby authority, the Indiana senator said he did not know but that "we've got the votes for it whether lie does or not." "We can't afford to be without j standby controls as long as the Korean War is Capehart as- serted. "I think it might be a good idea to have them in any case." Woods, meanwhile, is preparing to knock retail price ceilings off virtually all items of clothing, ex- cept possibly children's and in- fants' wear, by Dec. 1. He announced his decision to senators yesterday after he had ordered the suspension of price controls on women's street and dress millinery and on bottled soft drinks. Woods told the Senate-House De- fense Production Committee, be- fore which he appeared as a wit- ness, that he is determined to order a rollback of the retail price of beef if this is legally possible. But he said he has encountered thorny problems in investigating what he termed a "lopsided gap" between the price farmers get for live cattle and the price the house- wives pay for beef. Farmers Hurt Capehart told Woods he wants the meat problem solved speedily because he said the farmer is being hurt by low cattle price while con- sumers are getting small relief from high prices. Capehart announced later that one of his first acts after taking command of the Banking Com- mittee on Jan. 3 will be to call price control officials to report on th'e beef price situation. "They've missed fire in control- ing meat prices or you wouldn't have that Capehart told a reporter. Woods, in more than three hours of testimony before the committee which keeps an eye on inflation control and defense production problems, strongly urged Congress not to abandon price stabilization. The committee listened intently to his estimate that (1) some 200 price-controlled items consumed in industry would undergo "immed- iate" price rises if controls are ended, and (2) that a bulge of only 3 per cent in their price levels "would burden the budget with almost two billion dollars" additional cost of the defense pro- Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, left, Air Force Chief of Staff, handed over packages of goodies to Marine Pfc. Nicholas Baldwin of Minneapolis today at a light plane strip in Korea. Vandenberg met Baldwin's parents in Italy earlier on his around the world inspection tour of American bases and as a favor to them became "delivery boy." Baldwin said later, "I was plenty shook." (AP Wirephoto by Radio From Tokyo to The Republican-Herald) Industrialist Urged For Defense Post By JACK BELL WASHINGTON 'B-Sen, Robert A. Taft of. Ohio today was reported to be urging President-elect Eisenhower to appoint an industrialist as secretary of defense. The Ohio senator was said to have submitted the names of three businessmen for the post, without indicating any preference among them. They are: Edward L. Ryerson, 65, of Chicago, director of the Inland Steel Corp., and chairman of'the board of Joseph T. Ryerson and Son. predicted another result gram. He _ would be rounds of wage increases and price increases in items which have never been controlled. HOPPING 'DAYS LEFT Foreign Aid Debate 1st in New Congress By B. L. LIVINGSTONE WASHINGTON Foreign af- fairs experts predicted today the new Republican-controlled Con- gress will trim U. S, spending abroad, with emphasis on mili- tary and economic aid shifting from Europe to Asia. Foreign aid likely will kick off the first big debate in the 83rd Congress convening Jan, 3. Ex- tension of the Mutual Assistance Program is one of the first things on its agenda. With Republican leaders just about agreed on a top budget fig- ure of 70 billion dollars in fiscal 1553-54, the foreign spending pro- gram faces possibly hefty -reduc- tions for the year beginning July 1. The authorization for this year, ending next June, is Any controversy is certain to center around American outlay of during the postwar years since 1945 and gross for- eign spending of some 87 billion dollars since 1940. Much Unspent Much of the money authorized and appropriated is as yet un- spent. As of last June, the 'mutual security program showed a five- billion-dollar balance earmarked for guns, tanks, aircraft and the like. Funds not obligated and car- ried over amounted to about 400 millions. Rep. Lawrence Smith of Wis- consin, fourth-ranking Republican member of the House Foreign Af- fairs Committee, said the whole foreign aid program must be re- viewed and reduced. He told a reporter: "I don't think the country will stand for any more all-out spend- ing. We owe it to the country to sit down in bipartisan faahion and take a good look at the new problems which have arisen." More Aid for Asia Among such problems, Smith said, are European failure to meet rearming goals of the North At- lantic Treaty program, France's financial troubles and the free world's improved economic status, j Smith said President-elect Eisen- hower has heretofore been con- cerned chiefly with Western Eu- rope, adding: "I'm hoping when Ike goes to Korea he gets a picture of this T. Ryerson" is a Yale man, as is Taft. B. E. Hutchinsoc, 64, of Detroit, vice president of the Chrysler Corp., and chairman of its finance committee, Charles McElroy White, 61, of Cleveland, president of the Repub- lic Steel Corp. May Pick Lodge There have been some reports that Eisenhower might pick Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. of Massa- chusetts, who has been serving as his liaison man with government departments. There were stronger indications, however, that the president-elect might ask Lodge to become a sort of assistant president and trouble shooter for him, with the rank of ambassador-at-large. Taft was said to be contending strongly that an experienced indus- trialist ought to take over the De- fense Department and reorganize it from the bottom up. Eisenhower indicated during the campaign he favors some such shakeup. The three suggested by Taft formed only a part of a list of about a score of persons the Ohio senator named as deserving in his appointments in the new administration. Taft himself has maintained si- lence on his selections. He said in New York yesterday he dpesh't believe Eisenhower has made any cabinet choices. But he has indi- cated he thinks Eisenhower will give serious consideration to sev- eral on his list, One Others on List of these may have been Thomas E, Coleman of Wisconsin, Taft's floor manager in the Ohio- an's unsuccessful bid for the Re- publican presidential nomination at the Chicago convention. Coleman declined to comment on reports that he had been offered the job of secretary of commerce. While the cabinet speculation went on, there were increased signs that Taft is leaning toward a move to seek the majority lead- ership in the new Republican- controlled Congress. The Ohio senator has told frienfll be plans an all-out effort to the new Eisenhower administratioir a success. He is said to feel that a lot of battling in the Senate can be eliminated if he and Eisenhower maintain close daily legislative problems. contact on Asiatic situation." Republicans in 'Congress have (Continued on 3, Column 5.) FOREIGN AID Outdoor Writer Dies DAYTONA BEACH, Fla. W) Robert Page Lincoln, 61, nationally known outdoor writer, died in a hospital here today. Surviving are lie widow, Mrs. Madge Lincoln and two daughters. A sister, Mrs. Mabel Fridlund lives in Minneapolis. Air Force Bags 5 Communist MIG's in Korea South Koreans Smash Red Drive On Sniper Ridge By The Associated Press SEOUL U. S. Fifth Air Force credited its Sabre jet pilots with shooting down five Commu- nist MIGISs to 502 the confirmed Allied kills of the Korean War. The Air Force reported that Capt. John H. Jones Jr. of Rome, N. Y., bagged two of the five MIGs. The Sabre pilots said they damaged, two other Communist jets. Jones, 31, flying with the 51 t Fighter Wing, was credited with downing the 499th and 500th MIGs. The Air Force made a special an- nouncement of the 500th as the U. S. Air Force boss, Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, was touring the battlefront. Cracking Cold On the ground, South Korean troops smashed a Chinese assault on Sniper Ridge in the crackling cold of daybreak after a night of minor probing thrusts on the Central Front position. The IT, S, Eighth Army reported an estimated 100 Reds hit the ridge after a moderate Chinese artillery shelling. After 50 minutes they withdrew to the comparative safety and warmth of a cave. Elsewhere along the front, the numbing cold 14 degrees kept ijilantrynaen of both sides huddled in their bunkers most of Wednes- day night. Only scattered patrol skirmishes were reported. An Eighth Army briefing officer said he did not regard the attack on Sniper Ridge as presaging any attempt to retake the bloody, shell- blistered terrain which changed hands a number of times in recent the advent of winter cold. 175 Trucks Hit "These are harrassing he explained. "Apparently the Chinese are trying to get continu- ous information about our posi- tions and are trying to keep us off base in that sector." U, S. fighter-bombers today slashed anew at Communist supply arteries, front-line positions and troop concentrations. Pilots re- ported hitting 175 trucks Wednes- day night. These were followup strikes to the intensive blasting of targets throughout North Korea in the 24 hours to midnight Wednesday. The Far East Air Forces reported individual missions in the period, the third highest total of the war. The strikes ranged from the front lines to within 25 miles of the Manchurian border and in- cluded a raid on a 30-acre ore- processing installation which set fires visible for 40 miles. Vandenberg spent the second day of his Korean tour looking at famed battlegrounds on the front. Then he left by plane for Japan. Sen. Thye's Wife Undergoes Surgery ROCHESTER, Minn. The wife of Sen. Edward J. Thye (R- Minn) underwent surgery here to- day and was reported in satisfac- tory condition by her surgeon, Dr. C. W. Mayo. A large abdominal tumor was removed. Laboratory tests showed there was no malignancy and no complications were foreseen. Bjornson Warns Against Trust Fund Ceilings PHOENIX, Ariz. Treas- urer Val Bjornson suggested here i today that Minnesota and other states would dp well to go slow I in imposing ceilings on their per- manent trust funds. I In a speech before the annual I convention of the National Asso- I ciation of State Auditors, Comp- (rollers and Treasurers, he dis- i closed that Minnesota has the sec- ond largest such fund in the na- tion. Texas, with an accumulation of has the largest. Minnesota's permanent trust fund now amounts to The Texas fund was built, up largely from its oil resources, Minnesota's from iron ore revenues. Only in- terest from the funds is spent, and both states use it primarily for educational purposes. "In Bjornson said, "I don't think we need to be in any hurry to impose a ceiling. "It strikes me that... there should be a sense ux security and satis- faction in the knowledge that one fund structure stands out above all the rest it's principal in- violate, cautiously guarded, care- fully invested." He said that maintenance of the trust funds in Minnesota means a continuing contribution to educa- tion, even long after the state's iron ore is exhausted. He said ef- forts to put a top limit' on accumu- lations and use further receipts for current spending should be resisted, ii WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- night and Friday with no decided change in temperature. Low to- night 32, high Friday 46. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 41; minimum, 30; noon, 37; precipitation, trace: sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wis. Central Observations) Maximum temperature 40 at noon Wednesday; minimum, 26 at a m. today. Noon Clouds scattered at and feet, wind five miles per hour from south-southwest; visibility 15 miles; barometer steady; humidity 79 per cent. Motorists Getting more skillful these days. They're stand- ing autos up on end. The Ohio State Highway reports this feat, due to "inattention to occurred near Piqua, 0., yester- day when a housewife, Mrs. Eliza Oliver lost control of her car on a curve and skidded off the road. She was cut and bruised. {AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) President-Elect Dwight D. Eisenhower welcomes John Foster Dulles, at left, to a conference at his hotel headquarters in New York today. Dulles, architect of the peace treaty with Japan, was named Eisenhower's Secretary of State at 1 o'clock this after- noon. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Truman Happy Over Ike's Korea Views WASHINGTON Truman said today he Is very happy over Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's views on the Korean prisoner of war issue, and declared "This country is a unified organiza- tion in its policy toward the rest of the world." In his first post-election news first in fact since Sept. laid emphasis on unity and on the effort to make President- _ News Blackout Asked for Ike Trip to Korea the shift of power to elect Eisenhower as smooth as possible. He began with this statement which he permitted reporters to quote directly: Orderly Turnover, Aim "I want you to understand that the election is over and that we are trying to get things in shape to make an orderly turnover of the government to the successor, and that we want to let the world know that this country is a unified organization in its policy toward the rest of the world. "I was very happy to see that WASHINGTON OB The De- fense Department announced today there will be an official news black- out during Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- Gov. McKay of Oregon Given Interior Job News Given Out While Ike Has Lunch With Eden NEW YORK Eisenhower announced today he has chosen John Foster Dulles as secretary of state; Charles E. Wil- son, president of General Motors, as secretary of defense, and Gov. Douglas McKay of Oregon as sec- retary of the interior. Eisenhower's press secretary, Tames C. Hagerty, gave the news .0 the press while the general was unching with Anthony Eden, Brit- sh foreign secretary, at Eisen- lower's Hotel Commodore head- quarters. Hagerty read the following state- ment: President-elect Dwight D. Ei- senhower announced today that fol- owing his inauguration he would send the nominations of the fellow- ing to the Senate for confirmation as members of his Cabinet: :John Foster Dulles, of New York of state. Pickt Wilson "Charles E. Wilson, of Detroit, president of the General Motors of defense. "Gov. Douglas McKay, of Salem, of the interior." The Wilson appointed as Secre- tary of Defense is not to be con- fused with the Charles E. Wilson, president of the General Electric Co., who recently resigned as De- fense Mobilizer. Dulles, following his conference with Eisenhower this morning, had declined to confirm or deny {hat Eisenhower had offered him the top Cabinet post. He said that any statement would come from the general The three appointments were the first to be announced by Eisen- hower for the Republican adminis- tration that will take office on Jan. 20. In naming Dulles as his first (Continued on Page 19, Column 3.) DULLES bower's visit to Korea. For security reasons it said, Gen. Eisenhower had told Sen. Wiley that he was with the policy on the'prisoners of war in Korea. That was one of the main j there will be no authorization for things about which we talked in i publication of news while he is in day be Eisenhower and Truman met at I publicly announced, the White House on Tuesday and Secretary of Defense Lovett said later announced jointly that they the arrangements have the approv- had arranged for an exchange of aj of president-elect. He said: the advantage of the country and promote a favorable progress of international affairs. Sen. Wiley Meeting Wednesday Eisenhower had a meeting in New York with Sen. Wiley of Wisconsin, who will be- come chairman of the Senate For- eign Relations committee in the new Republican controlled Con- gress. Wiley said Eisenhower "is com- pletely dedicated to the principles of the U. N. and re-emphasized his agreement with the principle of no forcible repatriation of Communist prisoners." After Truman's reference to this, a reporter said the wording of Wiley's statement has been taken to indicate the general is. agreeing only with the principle of the U.-N. stand on prisoners of war and does not necessarily endorse the specific U. N. position. Truman replied he was not going into is, into the meaning of words. He said he was going by the headlines, which re- ported without elaboration that Eisenhower backed the U. N. po- sition. Truman said he would meet again with Eisenhower before the general takes over the White Eisenhower wants an- other meeting. Truman said last Tuesday's meet- ing with the President-elect was given over almost entirely to for- eign affairs. He said the prisoner of war issue was one of the subjects discussed and that they also talked about the Iranian problem. He didn't give any details. On other subjects: Truman said he expects to meet Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson sometime around Dec. 1, when the defeated Democratic presidential candidate is coming to Washington. He said again that he regards (Continued on Page 3, Column 6.) TRUMAN erican people and the American press, radio, television and news- reels will realize1 the necessity for such precautionary measures, and that they will co-operate with the Department of Defense in carrying them out." Charles E. Wilton Sabre Jet Sets 7QO-MPH Record THERMAL, Calif. roaring, flame-spewing FS6d Sabre jet plane piloted by Capt. J. Slade Nash of Edwards Air Force Base has established a new unofficial world speed miles per hour. Capt. Nash, 31, whose- home is in Moville, la., made four low- level passes, yesterday over a mea- sured three-kilometer course at the edge of the Salton Sea, 235 feet below sea level. His performance was made under rules of the Fed- eration Aeronautique Internation- ale and the National Aeronautics which must verify it before it becomes official. In shattering the record for oper- ational aircraft in the North Amer- ican all-weather interceptor, Capt. Nash topped the 670.981 miles per hour mark set last Sept. 15 by Maj. Richard L. Johnson at Ed- wards AFB. Johnson used an ear- lier Sabre model, the F86a. Near Sonic Wall At his top' speed Capt. Nash's plane nosed toward the dangerous compressibility of the sonic wall. The speed of sound in the 75-de- gree temperature of the lake shore jwas about 775 miles per hour at j the time, of the test runs in the i Imperial Valley. The rules under which the flight was made specified that the plane i must not fly higher than feet. I Actually, Capt. Nash made the (four passes at not more than 100 i feet off the sun-swept earth of the I eastern shore of the inland sea. He was monitored by four T28 training planes and timed with high speed movie cameras and a special chronograph system. The North American Sabre car- ried 24 rockets in a retractable launcher and weighed about nine tons. It was powered by a General Electric turbojet with afterburner developing in excess of pounds thrust. Wife at Field Capt. Nash's wife Glena, mother of three young daughters, was at the field to see- her husband set the record. She appeared- calm i but she admitted to "plenty of I nervousness" and said she was I glad when it was over. Nash himself said there was, little rough air to contend with "despite the low altitude." "I experienced some mild shoct he told .newsmen. "They were like streaks of lightning around the canopy during the runs. This is normal, however, at high speed." He said he was completely sat- isfied with his plane's perform- ance. ;