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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 17, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy and Warmer The Magic Word of Want Ads Is RESULTS! VOLUME 50, NO. 232 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 17, 1950 TWENTY PAGES Bradley Offers A-Bomb for Peace Russian Veto Seen Of U. N. Request Chinese Quit Korea By Stanley Johnson New threats clash with American promises to- day as the United Nations security council met to debate the question of Chinese Communist intervention in the Korean war. I Russia's Jakob A. Malik charged last night that the U. S. was attacking China on land, on the sea and in the air. He threatened to cast the Soviet Union's 47th veto to prevent passage of a security council resolution demanding that Red China withdraw troops from Korea. Malik said the U. the Peiping Communist govern- the aggressor. i U. S. Delegate Ernest A. Gross I immediately countered these as- i sertions by reading President Tru- man's statement stressing Ameri- can friendship for the people of China and stating that the U. S. had no intention of invading that TODAY- 'Operaiion Paperclip7 Under Fire By Joseph and Stewart Altop Washington Secretary of De- fense George Marshall and Under- secretary Robert Lovett are now engaged in the Herculean task of trying to save a full billion a year in defense expenditures. The Marshall-Lovett goal is to reduce the level of defense spending from the colossal billion a year cur- rently projected to billion and perhaps less. This is economy, and with a ven- geance. But it is economy of a very different sort from the "econ-1 ful one. ,omy" of the unlamented Louis it was learned that not even the Johnson. The difference is really U. S. will press for an immediate very simple. The Johnson program vote_on the resolution calling on was based on the delusion that any substantial increase in mili- tary expenditures would almost in- stantly cause the American econ-____________f _....._ _vw omic structure to come ap.irt liKe saidi every possjbie resource LA in in A ll- Mined Koads blow i i country. Delegates today took a cautious attitude. They are waiting for the answer to this question: Will all- out Russian diplomatic support en- courage Peiping to continue and enlarge its military operations inj Korea or will the American as- surances result in a withdrawal behind the Manchurian frontier? Despite a declaration by Ecua- dor's Antonio Quevedo that the "security council cannot simply fold its arms" in the face of Chi- nese intervention, the majority view seemed to be that, for the moment, a policy of watchful wait- ing is the most realistic and use- Wu Hsie Chuen as special delegate, led a delega- tion of nine representatives of Communist China which left Peiping for Lake Success, N. Y., to attend the U. N. Security Council discussions on their charges that the U. S. is guilty of aggression in Formosa. The New China News agency in a broadcast from Peiping said the delegation was composed of "Special Delegate Wu Hsie Chuen, advisor Chao Kuan Hua and a staff of seven. (A.P, Wirephoto.) the one-hoss-shay. Thus the whole emphasis in the Defense Depart- ment was on holding spending to the arbitrary Johnson limit, rath- er than on providing the combat potential needed for survival. Seek 20-DlvUion Army Lovett and Marshall, by con- trast, have now put the horse in front of the cart. They have ask- ed first what combat power the United States must have. They have accepted the answer a 20- division Army, an Air Force ex- panded as rapidly as possible to- ward 90 groups, a Navy in a state of war readiness, with a much more powerful air arm and Marine force. Only when this was estab- lished did the Marshall-Lovett team take a good, hard look at the price in men and money. And as a result of this good hard look, they have demanded that the same combat power be delivered with substantially fewer men and billion less in money. The fact is that the Johnson pro- gram, because it was based on a delusion, induced a sort of neurosis in the military. Every responsible military planner was perfectly aware, long before Korea, that the combat power of the United States was totally inadequate in view of the world situation. But the idea the Chinese to withdraw from Ko- rea and promising to respect their frontiers. The U. S. feels, informed sources must be used to get China out of the Korean war peacefully since the alternative might easily touch off World War III. Moreover, the direct threat of a Soviet veto of security council ac- tion against the Chinese Reds makes it even more urgent, from a practical standpoint, to try alter- nate means of influencing Peiping. Although the assembly now has the power to take military action Mother, Four Children Die In Rauch Fire Rauch, Minn. A mother and her four children burned to death early today when fire de- stroyed their home Here. Rauch is a small farming community in Koochiching county, 70 miles south of International Falls. The victims, were Mrs. Rose Smith, 38 and the children, Thom- as 11; Marilyn ten, Betty, about five and Jack, about two. The fire was discovered at about a.m. by neighbors whose tele- phone begain ringing, probably from a short circuit caused by the fire. Mr. and Mrs. Onusry Diachok the irrevocable step of sending the problem there before every other possibility is thoroughly explored. Shetsky to Seek Return of Forfeited Bail Bond Shetsky is going to try to get back from Hennepin county the bond he forfeited in 1945 during his trial here on a charge of murdering that the economic survival of the j Schneider, Minneapolis la- United States was at stake had j organizer been so drilled into them, that cv- fa Shetsky's at- en after Korea, the first estimate against an aggressor when the se- j ran to the Smith home nearby, ar- curity council is hamstrung, no j riving there at the same time as one is apparently willing to take Mr. and Mrs. Earl Larson, neigh- of requirements was held to billion. Pet Projects Advanced It was not until about the begin i torney, said the action would be filed on grounds that Shetsky fled the state because Minnesota was "trying to frame him through use as noi umu auuui u.c IM.-S1H- Qf perjured testimony." jW i I was sentenced to a life i chiefs suddenly woke up to the fact tcrm in absentia. He was later that money was no longer the first caught in California by Federai (Continued on Page 9, Column 4.) I Bureau of Investigation and ALSOPS (brought back to Stillwater prison. bors on the other side. They said flames already were breaking out of the windows of the two-story frame house, and that there was no chance of entering. Thomas Smith, husband and fath- er of the victims, is employed in a mill at International Falls. The account of the tragedy was relayed by Mrs. Larson to the tel- ephone operator at Greeney, about five miles east of Raueh. The op- erator called International Falls. There is no fire department at Rauch, and the nearest commu- nity with fire protection is Cook, about 30 miles away. First reports were that the body of the mother and the baby had been found in the ruins. Retail Sales Up In Minneapolis Washington The Federal Reserve board reported last night department store sales over the nation were up an average eight per cent above 1949 for the week ended November 11, with the Min- neapolis area showing a nine per cent rise. Shermans 20 Miles From Manchuria Guerrillas Active Behind Lines, Burn Village Seoul A column of U. S. Sherman tanks rumbled slowly to- day up heavily mined northeast Korean mountain roads toward the Manchurian border, 20 miles away. Reds fell back before this U. S. Seventh division armor, just as they did all along the slanting 250- mile front except in two sectors held by South Koreans. But the biggest battles apparent- ly were fought far behind the front lines. The U. S. 25th division reported it killed 537 bypassed Communists Thursday in battles 50 miles south of the northwestern front. A Red guerrilla command post was blqwnup by artillery and an ammunition-depot in a cave' -s captured. Three hundred thous.ud I rounds of mortar and artillery j shells were in the cave, 20 miles I east of Pyongyang, former Red capital. Town Set Fire These actions were in the Pyong- gan-Chorwon-Ichon triangle where guerrillas have opened a "second front" patterned on tactics perfect- ed by Chinese and Russian Com- munists. Just outside this triangle, a small band of torch-bearing guer- rillas set fire to the town of Kap- yong, 32 miles northeast of Seoul, early Friday. Sweeping flames routed civilians. General MacArthur's headquar- ters in Tokyo said North Korean Reds, bypassed in the U. N. sweep northward, have been reor- ganized under a central command. They are carrying on co-ordinated guerrilla raids to disrupt U. N. supply lines and keep themselves equipped. Headquarters added there are bypassed Communists in the triangle. Battle for Road Network Intelligence officers were not so sure about the significance of Com- munist strategy on established bat- tie fronts. Reds fought fiercely around Tok- chon, center of a road network on the right flank of the western, front, and on the northeast coast I United States. 90 miles south of the Soviet border. Recently Suspended They staged new attacks in both areas. Elsewhere they pulled back. But I Red build-ups in the north cen- jtral mountains posed constant I threats. Korean Reds abandoned good Only Scattered Debris and a fire-blackened motor remain of one two Air Force planes that crashed on the Sells Papago Indian reservation 50 miles west Tucson, Ariz. A B-29 tanker and a B-50 bomber collided in the air and plummeted to the earth during a practice refueling operation. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Commerce Aid Cleared of Red Charges, Fired By Charles Molony Washington Michael E. Lee is out from under Commerce de- partment loyalty suspicion and al- so out of his job. He resigned and was fired. The 42-year-old economist's case, a headline maker for the last two years, reached its climax and apparent end in these rapid-fire developments yesterday: 1. Announcement by Lee that Secretary of Commerce Sawyer had cleared him of disloyalty charges thereby reversing a de- partment loyalty board finding two months ago and that he had re- 13 Airmen Killed Chicago Woman Calm Over Legacy Chicago A tiny, gray- haired woman, who lives mod- estly in a third-floor walkup north side apartment with a son and daughter, appeared outwardly calm last night over the prospect of inheriting 000.000. She is Mrs. Constance Kret- schmar Mock, who, under a recommendation of orphan's court in Philadelphia may in- herit a share of the long con- tested G a r r e 11 estate. "It's been such a long, long business that I'm practically worn out." Mrs. Mock told a reporter. "A person would be foolish to make plans for the future ir this troubled world. I hope the money does not make my life exciting, just pleasant." Mrs. Mock is the daughter of Dr. Howard Sigismund Kret- schmar, an osteopathic phys- ician who died in 1933. It is through her father, a first cousin of Mrs. Henrietta A. Garrett, eccentric recluse who died without leaving a will disposing of the estate in Philadelphia 20 years ago. that Mrs. Mock may in- herit an estimated Her father was named one of three heirs, all of them dead, to the estate for which more than claimants from all over the world have been fighting. Appeals to the Pennsylvania and U. S. Supreme courts may be made from any decision by the orphans' court, and Mrs. Mock said: "That is why I do not wish to make any plans. "There are many opportuni- ties for people with money to do things in the world today but I would not want to specu- late about it. I am an ordinary person who has lived a quiet life and will probably continue to do so." Mrs. Mock, describing her- self as "just a housewife and said she was born in Chicago and was graduated from Vassar. She said she had been divorced from Roy D. Mock since her children, Con- stance, now 26, and Howard, 23, a law student, were young- sters. "Say very little about she asked reporters. "Just say I live here quietly and happily with my children and two cats. I won't say that the money won't change our lives but I can't tell how." Her daughter is a switch- board operator and studies business law, who said "I am content with my job, my studies and my add- ing, "yes, I sing, too." "No matter whether we get the money I am going to con- tinue she said. "It is all the life I've known and I've been happy in it." positions and pulled back from the advancing U. S. Seventh division tank column to well prepared pos- itions at Kapsan. Tanks were five miles from this mountain cross- roads city, which is 15 miles south of the Manchurian frontier. The tank column was slowed by harrying Red attacks, by mines which pimpled the road, and by blown bridges. The 17th regiment of the Seventh division reported counting 262 enemy dead after beating back Red attacks. Gain for Marines U. S. Marines moving up the west shore of Changjin reservoir reported killing 75 Chinese Thurs- day in clashes with a sizable Com- munist force in the mountains to the west. U. S. Tenth corps officers re- ported another or Chi- nese are entrenched on the north- east shore of the reservoir. Enemy tanks also have been reported in this area. But they have not been in action. Between the Marines and the 17th regiment, patrols of the 31st infantry regiment fought off Red attacks on the slopes of towering Shajitsu peak. This is the second (Continued on Page Column KOREA WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Mostly cloudy and warmer tonight. Sat- urday partly cloudy and mild. Low tonight 35 in city, near freezing in country. High Saturday after- noon 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 39; minimum 25; noon, 33; precipitation, none; sun signed, since "all doubts as to my loyalty have been removed. 2. Later announcement by the department that Sawyer cleared Lee but also had ordered that he be fired, under authority recently granted by Congress for such dis- missals "on grounds of security and the best interests of the Lee had been suspended since the loyalty board's finding against him September 8. Sawyer's clear- ance order automatically rescinded the suspension and assured him of back Lee's resignation stopped any further sal- ary payments. Sawyer's decision was the third in the Commerce department on Lee's loyalty. The loyalty board itself cleared him August 10, 1949. It handed down an adverse deci- sion after reopening the case last May. The specific nature of the dis- loyalty charges has never been made public, but Lee maintained throughout the affair that his rec- ord in and out of government show- ed he "always vigorously opposed Communism." Row Over Shipments Last February, in between the loyalty board's initial clearance and its reopening of the case on the basis of "additional informa- Lee came under the fire of Senator Malone Malone charged that Lee, while head of the department's Far East (Asiatic areas) foreign trade branch, had held up shipments of aviation gasoline to the Chinese Nationalists during their futile struggle against the Chinese Reds. Lee denied it, said he had gotten commendations from Chiang Kai- shek and other Chinese Nationalist leaders in addition to being prais- ed by General Douglas MacArth- ur for services on a mission in Japan. Communist China Recognizes Rotary Hong Interna- tional has been "recognized" offi- cially by Communist China. H. H. Jones, president of the Kowloon Rotary club, told a meet- ing of the club yesterday that Pei- ping had granted International Rotary the first license to operate in China as a legal private organi- zation. Jones also reported that Peiping sets tonight at sun rises to-i had granted the second license of morrow at Additional weather on page 11. similar nature to the "interna- tional freemasons." Bombers Collide In Refueling Test Tucson, Arix.-WV-A collision in flight-of two giant planes engaged in the U. S. Air Forces newest refueling operation has ended in flam- ing death for 13 airmen. Ten others parachuted to safety after the four-motor craft smashed together yesterday afternoon 50 miles west of Tucson over the southern Arizona desert. The planes, engaged in a rou- tine refueling operation, were seen to erupt in flames and plunge to the ground five miles north of the Papago Indian village of Silnakya on the Sells reservation. The tank- er is believed to have exploded. Caught in Flaming Gas Some of the crew members jumped and may have reached the ground safely, but were apparent- ly caught in a deluge of flaming gasoline that sprayed over the area. Robert Moore, a reporter for the Tucson Arizona Daily Star who flew to the scene, reported there were indications all of the airmen attempted to get out of the flam- ing craft. Then- blackened and smashed bodies, most o'f them wearing por- tions-of parachutes, were scatter- ed over an area a half mile around the crash scene. Bits of flaming debris were found as far away as a mile. Find Daxtd-Survivors An air rescue team rushed to the scene found some of the dazed survivors standing in two groups. Five of them were a short distance west of the fallen planes. Two oth- ers east. The remainder were scat- tered. Eight suffered only minor scratches and could walk. Two had broken ankles. Moore, a former Air Force cap- tain, said "evidently some of the men escaped from their plane on- ly to be caught in a deluge of flam- ing gasoline. Some of the shroud lines of the parachutes were com- pletely burned away. Some of the chutes were also burned." Davis-Monthan officials were un- able to give any details on what caused the crash. Republicans Ask Better House Committee Posts New headaches loomed today for House administra- tion leaders as Republicans and southern. Democrats let the word get around that they want better committee assignments. And, since last week's elections reduced the Democratic majority, these two groups may get just about what they want when the new Congress convenes in Janu- ary. There may be a tough fight, too, to restore to the rules committee the virtual stranglehold it once held on legislation. Republicans and southern Demo- crats have dominated the rules committee in recent years and have formed an effective coalition to block much of President Tru- man's legislative program. Power Snapped The coalition's power was sapped somewhat at the start of the pres- ent Congress when Democrats changed the rules and made it possible for chairmen of other com- mittees to get their hills to a House vote after 21 days of rules commit- tee delay. Prior to that, it took a long time and 218 signatures on a discharge petition to force to the floor a bill pigeonholed by the rules commit- tee. It was seldom done. Dog Hit fcy Auto, Buried Returns Home Chicago Three weeks ago Brownie, a five-month- old pet dog, was struck by an automobile, shot in the head and buried. Brownie refused to become dispirited at his run of bad luck. He roused himself out of a shallow grave to prove it. He's back at his home in suburban Calumet City looking and feeling considerably better than he was after his close brush with death. Brownie strayed into the home of Albert Herman last September and was promptly adopted by Herman's four young children. They were up- set when he was hit by a car and seriously injured late last month. Mrs. Herman rushed him to a veterinarian iut he was out of his office. Mrs. Herman, noting Brownie was suffering, decided to put the dog out of his misery. She asked a neigh- bor to shoot Brownie. He took the dog to a wooded area and fired one shot at the animal's head. Then he placed Brownie in a shallow grave and covered the body with sand. The next day, Mrs. Herman said, Brownie showed up at her back She rushed him to a veternarian, Dr. Robert Snyder, who went to work with penicillin, splints and other equipment and soon had Brownie patched up. Sev- eral days later Brownie was back home. Splints were removed from the dog's fractured left hind leg-yesterday. He's frisky and playful with only slight limp. Dr. Snyder explained about the mercy bullet fired by the neighbor. It ricocheted off Brownie's thick but affection- ate skull without inflicting serious injury. General Says Righteousness Must Be Earned, He Believes Atlanta America's top mil- itary man offered today to trade the atom bomb for "a genuine course of righteousness in the and "all military power for a century of peace." "But no easy trades are on in the open General Omar Bradley said in a speech before 500 members of the Associated Press Managing Editors associa- tion meeting. "We must earn the world righteousness we seek, and the peace we so earnestly desire." Bradley called anew for German rearmament and suggested a sys- tem by which U. S. reserve mili- tary manpower would be maintain- ed at a greater degree of combat readiness than in the past. He said that would help provide the mili- tary strength which will be neces- sary "for many years to come." Seeks Enduring Peace To reach the goal of enduring peace, the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff called for: 1. Building "A strong wholesome nation, to act as pivotal center for freedom." 2. Maintaining and enlarging industry and productivity, and, "Wherever it serves freedom's sharing the resulting benefits. 3. Exercising "all the means of diplomacy, all the skills of negotiation, to enlarge the op- portunities for .freedom throughout the world." He proposed a new U. S. sys- tem of ever-ready Reserves and National Guardsmen, and a speedy solution of the deadlock between this country and France over plini for rearming Western Germany. Reserve Study Urged Instead of maintaining all Na- tional Guard divisions at 100 per cent of their wartime strength in officers and 50 per cent of their wartime strength of enlisted men, he said, "Perhaps we should main- tain some of them at 100 per cent officer strength and 85 to 90 per cent enlisted strength, with every soldier in these divisions having had the benefit of a couple of years of active service." he said, "some of our Reserve units should be brought up to this standard." Bradley suggested a restudy of the entire system of Reserves in case U. S. requirements for im- mediately available forces exceed the number "we can properly maintain on continuous active du- ty." ____ Vandenberg Fears Reds May Attack Chicago General Hoyt S. Vandenberg said today that Com- munist successes in Europe, "the theater of could destroy the free world. Vandenberg said Europe is the only place an aggressor might risk war despite retaliation because it holds such "a vast industrial treas- ure. The Air Force chief of staff, in a prepared address to the National Association of Radio News Direc- tors, said: "It is in Europe that Communist imperialism must ulti- mately resolve the decision as to whether it shall seek accommoda- tion with the free world. For Eur- ope alone holds the balance of power that could spare Communism defeat in a conflict." Two Harbors Crash Fatal to Woman Two Harbors, Ella Ruberg, 62, died in the Com- munity hospital here yesterday aft- ernoon, the victim of a two-car ac- cident an hour earlier on highway 61 three miles northeast of here. Four others were injured. Mrs. Ruberg and her husband, Harris, 57, were returning from Two Harbors to their home in Sil- ver eight miles northeast of here, when the accident occurred. Their vehicle collided with one driven by William Fleet, 38, Min- neapolis, Albert Lea Building Sold to Manufacturer Albert'Lei, Uni- versal Milking Machine division yesterday purchased an industrial building here for for ex- panded production of milk-cooling machinery, now turned out here in leased quarters. The structure was put up by Jobs Building, In- corporated, a group of 125 Albert Lea business, farm and profes- sional people. ;