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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 14, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Warmer Tonight; Mild Wednesday Do Your Christmas Shopping Now VOLUME 50, NO. 229 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 14, 1950 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Cold Paralyzes North Korean Front ________ i Acting President of Venezuela Assassinated Exiled Leader Arrested In Political Attack Borders Closed, Civil Liberties Ordered Suspended Caracas, Venezuela (Jf> Ven- ezuela closed her borders today and suspended civil liberties following the assassination yesterday of her acting president, Lieutenant Colo- nel Carlos Delgado Chalbaud. A dusk-to-dawn curfew was clamped on the oil-rich country's population after the gov- ernment announcement that Del- gado, head of a three-man military junta which seized control of Ven- ezuela in 1948, had died of gunshot wounds. (The Venezuelan embassy in Bo- gota announced last night that Del- gado had been surrounded by a score of men while driving from his home to the presidential house, and taken to a building on the eastern outskirts of Caracas where six bullets were pumped into his body. Old Time Rebel (An embassy spokesman said Rafael Simon Urbina led the at- tack and had been arrested with five or six other men. The spokes- man said a state of siege had been imposed in Venezuela and that for- j eigners had been warned not to in the situation. (Venezuelan sources in New York identified Simon Urbina as an old- time Curfew restrictions prevented the filing of news dispatches from Caracas last night. The first announcement of the slaying broadcast to the nation by Defense Minister Marcos Perez City Police And Pickets of the striking C.I.O. Communications Workers of America are shown scuffling today outside a Pennsyl- vania Bell Telephone Company exchange at Philadelphia as pickets sought to prevent Bell operators, members of an independent union, from reporting for work. Police reserves were summoned to open a lane through the picket lines and the Bell operators entered the building. At the right, three officers restrain a picket, and the policeman at the left has another picket by the coat. Men in the pictures are not .identified. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Definite Goal Asked On Foreign Aid Bill By Oliver W. Da Wolf senators, a Republican and a Democrat, said today that as a prelude to any new foreign economic aid plan the ad- ministration must set out a definite goal far as steps to meet it. They were Senator Ferguson slated to move up to the No. 2 G.O.P. spot on the Senate appropriations committee, and Senator Green (D.-R. who will be the j third ranking Democrat on the Senate foreign relations committee in the 82nd Congress. On the question of military aid to Western Europe, Senator Taft (R.-Ohio) told a news conference yesterday he thinks the United States will have to provide help, but that the new Congress, start- ing January 3, must study the mat- ter thoroughly. Carlos Delgado Chalbaud Jimenez, one of the two surviving members of the junta gave no details of the attack. Delgado led the bloodless coup of November 24, 194S, which top- pled the leftist regime of Romulo Gallcgos, whose Action Democrati- ca party had swept the polls 11 months carVier. Delgado, Perez Senator Anderson (D.-N.M.) countered that any prolonged ex- amination by Congress of the arms aid program might result in fatal delays in building anti-Soviet de- fenses. Economic Report Communities in U. S. to Extend Rent Control Law than 600 communities across the nation and in -Puerto Rico have acted to con- tinue federal rent control after January 1, Housing Expediter Tighe E. Woods reported today. The communities, he said in a statement, have a total population of about and an estimat- j ed rental units. Approxi- Plane Carrying Pilgrims Crashes In French Alps Wreckage Located, None of 58 Aboard Found Alive By Godfredy Anderson Grenoble, France The wreckage of the Canadian airliner was located on a snow-blanketed alpine peak today. First reports in- dicated none of the 51 passengers and seven crewmen was found alive. The airliner, carrying Canadian holy year pilgrims homeward from Rome, crashed into the north face of Mount L'Obiou range at 5 p.m. yesterday. Near Second Crash Mountain gudes found it at 1 p. m. today. The wreckage was about 5 miles from the spot where an Indian Con- stellation crashed less than two weeks ago with 48 East Indian sea- men and crew. None of those lost in the Constellation crash has been removed because of the hazardous terrain. But guides believed the victims of the Canadian airliner crash might be brought down to the valley. They were the first holy year pil- grimage group involved in an air disaster. j The wrecked Canadian plane was believed to be about feet up. The Canadian pilgrims, including a monsignor and ten priests, were among those received by Pope Pius XH at an audience in the Vatican earlier yesterday. Informed-of the crash at midnight, the Pontiff with tears streaming down his face to his private chapel to pray for the victims. The plane, a DC-4 belonging to the Curtiss-Reid line, crashed on a flight from Rome to Paris. It was bound for Montreal. The passenger list at Rome show- ed one American aboard, Giusep- pe Butera, 65, of Brooklyn. The rest of the passengers and the crew were Canadians. The pilgrims had gone to Rome for the beatification "ceremony last Sunday of Mother Marguerite Cath- erine Bourgeoise, who founded the order of the Sisters of Our Lady in the Canadian wilds 300 years ago. Monsignor J.. Alderville Bureau, Votes Counted for Governor In Daffy Michigan Election Race Detroit Democrat G. Mermen Williams, seemingly destined six days ago to be a one-term governor, enjoyed to- day a lead of nearly 900 votes in' Michigan's daffy election aftermath. Williams' margin was his best since the original vote edge of his Republican rival, former two-term Gover- nor Harry F. Kelly, slipped away in corrections of a series of ballot counting bungles. Since the start of the cor- rections, Williams and Kelly have alternately held the lead. With the official canvass now complete except for only four of the state's 83 counties, this was the count: Williams Kelly Election officials in the four incomplete counties admitted there still could be enough er- rors uncovered to change the rapidly-shifting picture again. The lead already had changed hands six times. Canvassers felt, however, that the biggest mistakes had been rectified. Still incomplete were the re- turns from Wayne Genesee, Oakland and Macomb counties, all populous ones. When these are completed, probably in a couple days, the stage will be set for a recount that is evidently certain to follow. Whoever is behind at the time would have to ask for the re- count, under state law, and foot the bill at a precinct. The most unusual, if not the largest, error came to light vesterday in Macomb county. Eugene Haight, chairman of a township election board, ex- plained that the vote on a ref- erendum to permit the sale Df colored oleomargarine inad- vertently was put into the gu- bernatorial tally book. With the correction, Wil- liams gamed 509 votes over-all. Its effect on the oleo vote was only trifling. Oleo's sale was overwhelmingly approved. 47, former dean of the faculty canonical law at Quebec's Laval university, was the ranking church- man aboard. Hear Two Blasts Villagers in the area of the peak ing. Nimitz Thinks Chinese Reds Distrust Russ Tucson, Ariz. (Ifl Admiral Chester N. Nimitz says the Chi- nese Reds have used the Korean war as an excuse to move troops into Manchuria for; protection from Russia. The a'dmiral estimated Mao Tze- tung, China's Red leader, has be- tween and troops now in Manchuria. He said he is convinced the troops are there to protect Manchuria from the Eus- sians and to secure China's share of the Yalu river hydro-electric power. he said in an in- terview last night, "is as impor- tant to China as the Ruhr is to Europe. It is the one. place in _Asia where there is a combination I of coal and iron ore for steel mak- Welcome Winter Clothing, is distributed to U. S. Seventh regi- ment Marines near the Korean front north of Hamhung as Allied forces prepare for frigid campaigning in the icy North Korean mountains. Marines were advancing in sub-freezing weather to the edge of the vital Changjin reservoir in this sector. (A.P. Wire- photo.) 53 Indicted in Miami Gambling Investigation Miami, Fla. W! A racket-busting grand jury concluded fou moriths work yesterday with a blistering review of what it calle "sordid gambling conditions" in Dade (Miami) county. It indicted seven corporations and 53 individuals, among them th Southern Bell Telephone Telegraph Company. The jury said one unidentified whiter visitor "was filched out o half a million dollars in one eve- ning in a gambling casino operated j in this county." Neither the loser Ferguson and Green, in separ- mate'ly '8 m 000 rentai 'units are I said they heard two explosions, :c interviews, made their obser-! octroi saw the glow of a fire. De- Jimenez and Lieutenant Colonel Lu- ate vations in connection with the for- eign economic report of Gordon Gray, former secretary of the Ar- my, who studied the whole prob- lem for President Truman. Gray, in a report made public Sunday night, recommended a multibillion dollar program of ec- onomic aid to Western Europe aft- er the end of the Marshall plan in 1952 and a broad program of] assistance for underdeveloped areas. now under control. Two types of action to keep con- trols alive for six months beyond December 31 are involved: (1) The decisions of governing bodies, such as town and city councils and (2) Votes of community residents in referenda. Woods said governing bodies of 317 cities, towns and villages have spite the weather, veteran moun- taineers believed the wreck would be easier to reach than that of the Indian plane. The path to its lo- cation had proved so dangerous that bodies of the victims were ieft at the spot. In Rome Canadian Ambassador and a group of Catho- lic prelates and officials prepared adopted resolutions approving rent to fly by specjai piane to Grenoble, rnntrol extension. tn if. Ferguson called for the adminis- control extension. A preliminary count indicates, he added, that voters in 313 com- The ambassador was to companied by Monsignor Maurice Roy" archbishop of Quebec; Mon is Felipe Llovera Paz became the tration to set out a specific Objec- munities approved continuation of signer Paul EmUe Leger, arch- viiimu innta and steps to it controls in popular referenda last j bishop of Montreal; Camilie Poul- "Any program in the future i Tuesday. Voters in 38 localities j jot, Quebec province minister of must "be with the understanding I rejected extension. j iands and forests, and Onesime it will be to solve a certain prob- j Under the law, federal controls Gagnon, Quebec finance minister. Gagnon had. been scheduled to return home with the ill-fated plane but arrived at the Rome airport just as it was leaving the ground. ruling junta. The Venezuelan legation in Ha- vana last r.ight made public a ca- ble containing the text of Perez Jimenez' announcement. The de- fense minister pledged that order would be maintained and the kill- ers would be punished. To Punish Guilty "Because of such .a grave the announcement said, "il is necessary to dictate the measures indispensable for main- taining order and security, and we (the junta) arc proceeding with lera rather than deal in general- mav be continued until next June the greatest energy, within he said. The Michigan lawmaker criticiz- ed the Gray report for "dealing in generalities" and the State de- partment for "always wanting to stand on the clouds." Results Wanted Both Green and Ferguson said they did not oppose new foreign aid. But Green said he wanted to the be convinced in advance that the proposed for doing a spec- scope of the laws to investigate i the facts of the deed. The guilty ific job-would do just that. He set out these two conditions which he said should be met be- fore Congress votes any more money: First, assurance that the aid will do "reasonable" good in improving the economic health of a country and, second, that the United States get full credit for PRESIDENT (Continued on Page 21, Column 8) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST_____ Winona and vicinity Cloudy i and warmer tonight, low 34. Wed- j must build up American nesday cloudy and mild, becoming j prestige and Green assert- colder Wednesday night. High i gj are not justified in boost- Wednesday afternoon 55. southwest winds. LOCAL WEATHER Strong i is taxes just for charity. There a limit to our manpower re- i sources and knowledge." Official observations for the 241 Ferguson a foreign aid plan hours ending at 12 m. today: j be drafted that wffl do the Maximum, noon sets morrow at 4a; minimum, hut for much, much less mon- a. 45; precipitation, none; sun; ev tt are about and tonight at sun rises to- a' lot more free enterprise. The Additional weather on Page 21. pjan over a five-year period, might cost or nore. 30 in communities which "declare that a shortage of rent housing still exists." The rent control act expires on that date. Mao knows that if the lot of the nor the casino was identified. Chinese people is to be improved, The telephone company was in- Manchuria's production is indis- j dieted on a charge of "being an pensable. The Russians would like accessory to the operation of gam- to see a good portion of that pro- duction flowing toward the Soviet Nimitz, now a public relations bling houses." Others Named Five other corporations indicted yesterday operate hotels at Miami adviser to the United Nations, i Beach. They -are: Selray Corpora stopped off here to visit friends. State School Aid During Month of October St. of the state are going to whack up in special aids under the October al- lotment, announced Jast night by the state department of education. The distribution will include in state aid, in fed- eral vocational aid, and in transportation adjustments. Fifty-Eight Persons were believed the DC-4 Skymaster "Canadian above, crashed in the snow-capped French Alps. The four engined plane was returning to Canada with a group of Roman Catholics who had made a holy year pilgrimage to Rome. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) tion, lessee of the Surf side hotel; Central Investment Company, own- er of the Clinton hotel; Palm Court Hotel, Inc.; Cromwell Hotel, Inc.; and the William Penn Hotel, Inc. They were charged with renting rooms for gambling purposes. The offenses allegedly took place last winter. The grand jury previously had indicted Dade County Sheriff Jim- my Sullivan (since removed) and seven of his deputies. It called' the sheriff "faithless and incompetent" and said depu- ties had been "on the payroll of the racketeers, taking directly from those racketeers instructions whom to raid and whom not to raid." It pointed to "the corruption of charities, churches, political organ- izations, veterans organizations, municipal governments, political campaigns, elections and public of- ficials by these racketeers." Phone Official Denies Charges The jury said that for several years the Miami district of the tel- ephone company "did not exercise that extra vigilance" needed to pre- vent its property from being us- ed for unlawful purposes. J. M. Phillips, district manager of the telephone company, issued a statement saying "We consider gambling a dirty business and want no part of it." "We categorically .deny that we have ever knowingly aided or abet- ted the operation of gambling houses in Miami or anywhere the statement said. Bonds for the telephone company and other corporations were set at each. Names of the individ- uals were not released pending their surrender. Draftees Sought in January Washington The Army ti day announced a call for draftees in January. The new call brings total Arm request to since the out- break of the war in Korea. The September and October draft requests were for men in each month. The November fig- ure mounted to and fell to for December. All men brought into the service through the selective service sys- tem to date have gone to the Ar- my. The Navy and Air Force con- tinue to depend 'upon volunteers to build up their manpower. Russ Need Oil, Expert Claims Los Angeles Russia is not an all-out war, Dr. Americans Push Ahead in Six Above Weather Parka Clad Marines Report Gains On Central Front Seoul, Korea A frozen si- ence settled over Korean battle- ields today. Temperatures of six above zero. irtually paralyzed the northwest- rn front where an estimated 300 Chinese Communists face the oncentrated U. S. First corps. It even colder in the northeast. Ice-tipped winds swept down from mountain peaks on the quilted Mnese and on shivering Ameri- cans, many still in summer uni- orms. The U. S. Eighth Army was rushing Arctic clothing to the chill- ed troops. Parka clad Marines pushed through frozen hills in the center of the line toward Changjin res- ervoir and its great hydroelectric development. Farther east, two regiments 01 the U. S. Seventh division march- ed along ice .caked roads in sub- zero weather toward the Manchur- lan border, 30 miles away. 40.Mile-an-Mour Winds Winds of 40 miles an hour made it difficult for fighting men the Seventh division to breathe. Their hands and feet were numbed by the cold. A thermometer carried by a tiny wind-tossed plane above thein registered 21 degrees below zero. Associated Press Correspondent Tom Stone and the pilot, Lieuten- ant James C. Evans of Columbus, Ga., said an overcast all but hid the 17th regiment and the 31st "Polar Bear" regiment. Sleds and oxcarts carried heavy weapons and equipment through the mountain roads north of Pung- san. Red mortars opened up on the troops three hours after they start- ed the march toward Kapsan, 15 miles northwest. Other Seventh di- vision, patrols reached the Pujan reservoir 35 miles southwest of Pungsan without seeing the enemy. On the snow covered hills of the east coast, the South Korean Cap- ital division beat off a tank-led North Korean attack with the help of the eight inch guns of the U.S. cruiser Rochester and the rockets of Marine planes. South Korans Secure A U. S. Tenth corps spokesman said the battle left the South Ko- reans secure in their positions on the Orangchon river, 90 miles south of the Soviet border. Forty miles to the west another unit of the Capital division plod- ded through six inches of snow toward Hapsu. Hapsu is a road junction midway between the scene the coastal battle and the ad- vancing U. S. Seventh division troops. Before the cold brought a break in fighting along the western front, the Eighth army reported gains of two miles by British, American and South Korean troops. U. S. First cavalry troops cap- tured high ground on three sides of the walled city of Yongbyon Monday after a 48-hour battle with strong Red forces. They could look down on Reds putting up defenses behind the walls, Reds also were reported digging in on high ground west of Pak- chon, seven miles from the western end of the Allied line on the road toward Sinuiju, gateway for Com- munist troops coming from Man- Gustav Egloff said today, because she doesn't have control of the oil- rich Middle East. "By maintaining control in the hands of the democratic countries, the tide may eventually be turned against Communistic expansion and peace maintained throughout the said research director for Universal Products Company, Chicago. His paper was written for the American Petroleum Institute an- nual meeting. Albert Lea Extends Rent Control to June Albert Lea, Minn. B) Rent control was continued in this city until June 30, 1951, at a meeting of the city council last night churia. Two B-29s hitting the oft-bombed (Continued on Page 19, Column 3) KOREA Fred Hess, 45, sits trapped in the seat of his car by the11, steering wheel at Los' Angeles, Calif., after colliding head-on; with a streetcar. Firemen, worked an hour to release him. Ee told police he had fallen' asleep at the wheel. His con-' dition is "extremely critical." (A.P. Wirephoto.) ;