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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 13, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Cloud? not quite na Hint V ISIT YOUR Education November g to II. Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 47. NO. 228 WINONA. MINNESOTA. THURSDAY EVENING. NOVEMBER 13. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Halt on Aid to Potential Reds Urged Stassen Proposes Floor on Farm Income Agrarian Policy Outlined Minnesotan Says Top Priority Should Go to Conservation 8t, K, Stassen candidate for the Republican presl dentlal nomination, today proposed A "guaranteed floor" on Income fo thn American farmer M part o n five-point program for agriculture The program was outlined In statement prepared for release at proM conforonco to explain omission of a mnjor statement on agrloultun on his now book "Where I Stand." nakl: "I. Top priority should bo given to miilntulnlnK nnd expanding thi noil conservation nnd reclamation programs In America. Looking to the long term future of agriculture in America wo must give Increased attention to the preservation of our existing good soil and to the devel- opment of Increased resources o fruitful land through the better use of wntcr resources, fertilization and modern cropping methods "2. An Integral part of any Ameri- can agricultural policy should in- clude, in onn rnnnnur or unothor, guaranteed floor on tho income o: n family sized farm, We must never again permit farm families who are doing good Job of farming, to be bankrupt, evicted, nnd brokon. This guaranteed Income approach should be of n definite minimum na- ture and should be consldorod the agricultural parallel of the mini- mum wnge nnd the social security for labor. It should not extend to the vast commercial which must stand on their own as business enterprises. Modern Facilities Needed "3. The of our highly pro- ductive modern capitalism shoulc be extended to tho people on our farms at the most rapid possible rate. These include tho advantages of electricity, better hlghwnys, Im- proved health nnd medical facil- ities, nnd community center. "4. By our research and our tax policies we should encourage the de- velopment of decentralized tries and enterprises, related-to the products of tho soil and to the mar- ket of tho farmers, In the smaller communities of America 'to play their part In development of centeri of education and enjoyment culture In the agriculture areas of our country. Awurance of Trade "5. We should sook assurances now nnd through our future trade policies of markets abroad for our surplus production and make certain that the areas In which we are now giving food do not exclude our agri- cultural exports at a future time. As n specific example, It Is most Important to us that our wheat be not blocked out of Europe In the future when It Is that tho sterling bo unblockncl now. A mnjor part of tho agricultural depression of the 30's was caused by tho exclusionary policies or European nations in pre- ventlnc tho Import of our surplus nwlcultural products in n narrow nationalistic effort to build up their own supply of food for StAiwen nulcl thut hn purposely hud omlttpfl inclusion of any major statement on nKHcutturo In his now book In order to await completion of n coordinated farm program he wild was bolriK prepared by tho con- gressional flommlttoo honclod Representative Clifford Hope (R.- McCarthy Sees Stassen Victory Washington Senator Mc- Carthy predicts that Har- old K. Stassen will bo the Republi- cans' 1948 presidential nominee. Ills strength has increased tre- mendously In tho West." McCarthy West and far said at n news conference yesterday. "For the first time I can safely predict I think he will ho tho nominee." Tho Wisconsin Republican said that Governor Thornim E. Dowey of York "has slipped tremendous- ly nlnrn his trip west" because of "his refusal to discuss the He said also that Senator Tnft gained strength on his western tour. But many people to whom ho hno talked throughout tho country. McCarthy said, believe that Taft would not bo as strong a can- didate atjalnst President Truman, If ho is nominated, as Stasson. 9 Missing in Munition Dump Blast in Italy Mllun. Italy An ammuni- tion dump blow up today at Cas- nano D'Adda, 18 miles northeast of Milan, and nine pnntorw were InK. Two women wore reported In- jured gravely. The cause of tho explosion was undetermined. Truce Sought As Battleship Approaches Newark Harbor Duffy and try .out their water hoses with which they ,hope JfeWlfflfSSSS JSJtS Newark's waterfront. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Nazi Spy Admits RoIeinNormandie Fire, Report New The, French language newspaper France Amer- ique says a Nazi spy, now Toeing held in Germany on a murder charge, has admitted responsibility for the fire that turned the French luxury liner Normandle Into a flame-ravaged hulk as It lay at its pier here February 9, 1942. The newspaper, which said It obtained its material from sources both here and' abroad, quoted- the spy as saying he gave .orders to former members of the perman- Ameiican Bund, working aboard the Normandle, to fire the vessel. At that time the liner was being converted for troop transport duty. The blaze was touched off, France Amerlque continued, when the.Ger- man spy's aides used soldier lamps to Ignite >.Knpof lifebelts spotted at strategic points about-the ship. Kumors of sabotage ran rampant after the fire" but Manhattan Dis- trict Attorney .Frank 8. Hogan at- tributed the 'disaster to sparks from n welder's-torch and sold there was no evidence of sabotage. In Washington, -n spokesman for the Federal Bureau-of Investigation yesterday declined-comment on tho story nnd tho army department said that nlthough formation on the cabling American Germany for details. It had no In- report it was authorities in Canada Acts to Ban U.S. Rye Canadian gov- ernment acting at the request of tho United State government, has taken steps to ban the importation of American rye into. Canada until fur- ther notice, it was learned authori- tatively Wednesday. The prohibition, aimed at plugging oaks in the American food, conser- vation program, Is embodied in an ordor-ln-councll Just passed by the cabinet. will bring to a halt a flow of this cereal grain into western Canada which was said 'to have reached substantial proportions. The preamble to the crder, to. be made public refers directly to this flow with the statement that shipments of rye out of the United, States "disturbs" measures being taken by that gov- ernment to connorvo cereals nnd corimlH productn nnd provide more :ood for starving European coun- rlos. It Is understood that the order results directly from shipments which wore being made to tho Win- nipeg grain exchange by U., a. cltl- seeking to take ndvantago of high prices for rye prevailing on that market as against those in Minneapolis and other American grain marketing points, Mikolajczyk Plans U. S. Trip London Stttnlslaw Ml- kolujczyk, Polish poosant party leader who fled last month from Poland, hns applied for a visa to enter the United States. MlkolaJczyk'B secretary said the self-exiled Polish leader hoped to leave next.week for- America. sNew Mexico Lost at Sea; Found 40 Miles From N. Y. Newark, N. decom- mlssionad New Mexico, en route under tow .to her.Jast "batr at; Kid found.-wtn today 40 miles outside of New York harbor. Two -tugs which out the ton- dreadnaught loose in heavy seas late-yesterday en Boston rushed to take her In tow once more-after a coast guard plane lo- cated the New Mexico wallowing in the rough .-Atlantic. At the entrance to Port of.Newark channel inside New' York harbor, two Newark nreboats meantime maintained a vigil'to-keep> the-form- er battleship out of .Newark. City officials have -ordered that no more ships be scrapped on the city's wat- sent- out the nreboats armed with chemical sprays and water hoses to show they, meant business. Agreement Seen The flroboats remained at their posts 'although' 'Mayor Vincent J, Murphy said after conference with Under Secretary ..of the Navy Kenney yesterday In Washington and that some agreement to stave off tho pending "battle" was in sight. Skippers of the two tugs towing tho New Mexico told the coast guard running lights were kept on the New Mexico during her over- night drift.but that, they .lost, her at an undisclosed hour and could not find her this morning, Throe men wore believed nboard tho New Mexico. The ,coast guard laid it thought the tugs cut the ship loose because of. heavy seas in which they were making scarcely any progress. Sante Fe Plans Protest Despite possibility of a Washing- ion truco, however, some new com- plications were reported brewing at 3nnta Fe, New Mexico. The local Chamber of Commerce there said .t plans to protest Newark's "slur" n refusing admittance to the one- time battleship bearing that state's ame. The New Mexico Is owned now by LIpsett, Inc., n New York salvage firm which purchased It for scrap- ping purposes and also leased part of tho Newark, navy base for the dismantling job. City officials, who previously had requested the navy to give' up its wartime base at .Port Newark in order to permit n expan- sion program to get under way, called out their flreboat fleet on Tuesday after learning that tho Now Mexico wan on route hero for wcrnp- Mayor Murphy said the navy's de- cision to let LIpsett dismantle the old- battlewagon here .would delay the proposed port development pro- fram. Andre Gide Gets Nobel Prize French au- thor Andre Gldo received tho Nobel prize In literature today, Tho Swedish academy of litera- ture selected the 77-year-old author, for 40 years a leader among French writers. Swedish literary circles ac- claimed the choice. His friends had' testified that Gide still Is "unusually vital in modern currents of art." 'aide's Swedish translator. Dr. Schildt, described the Frenchman communist Stalin .and Christian against the church." Trovatten Hits Tax Cuts and Aid Program Held Possible Tax Slash Seen by Committee Washington Congressional tax experts received today a report from the Committee for Economic Development saying the U. S. tax load can be lightened In 1948 without Jeopardizing foreign old or payments on the national debt. Chairman Harold Knutson (R.- turned tho findings of the businessmen's group over to staff consultants, of the House ways and means committee, but said he still plans to press for enactment of his own proposal to cut Income -taxes by at the regular session of Congress. The Committee for Economic De- velopment is headed by Paul C. Hoffman, president of the Studc- baker Corporation. New Budget Follcy Asked Its report called for a now fed- eral budget policy and Increasingly sharp cuts in Individual and corp- oration taxes until these total below present levels some- time in the '1950's. The recommendations were quali- fied with the phrase "unless infla- Haitian Delegate Blloxi, commissioner of Minnesota's agriculture said tlonary conditions make this un- Wlse." The. C.E.D. argued that "it is-im- portant, that careful plans ifoirtax revision be made In the Congress as soon as possible." Suffiiftloni Given As a starter-in: tax-reduction., the last night that an apology Is due; C.E.D. suggested: the Haitian government for the1 i. Reduce the present first bracket treatment of that country's ministerIrate' of Individuals (now 19 percent Big Wheat Yield Seen Despite PlantingDelay Corn 17 Per Cent Below Government Requirements Washington (tf1) A bumper wheat crop still possible next year despite a serious seeding delay In the great plains, Agriculture department officials said today. A department crop report yester- day sold about 25 per cent of the Intended wheat acreage in Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado and New Mexico remained' unseed- od November 1 because of critically dry weather. Those six states produced about 40 per cent of tills year's record crop of bushels. The report said seeding has pro- gressed well, however, on what now appears to be an Increased acreage In all other Important producing areas. Officials said that assuming next year's production In the six drough- affected states Is only one half this year's, it still would be pos- sible, on the basis of present pros- pects, to harvest n total crop of nt least bushels. The United States has produced of agriculture at a national agricul- tural conference here. The Haitian minister, Francois Georges, said In Washington yester- day that he had been invited to at- tend the conference, .then was re- fused hotel': reservations "for rea- sons of color." R. A, Trovatten, past president of the'National Association of Agri- cultural Commissioners which clos- ed its meeting here last night, said in an interview: "Officials of the association should make a public apology to the na- tion from, which Minister Francois Georges comes, this was an unfortu- nate Incident, "It was especially unfortunate that the officials who invited him did not take into consideration Mississippi laws and customs." on the first of taxable In- come) to 15.2 per cent on the first graduate the rates upward until they reach 67.3 at of taxable income and a top rate of 82 per cent at 2. Extend to all. states munity property principle for tax computation purposes, allowing hus- bands and wives to divide the fam- ily Income equally, holding the In- come in lower brackets and reduc- ing the taxes. This now is effective in 13 states by their own laws. 3. Remove excise taxes on com- munications and transportation. 4. Make a start toward.eliminat- ing the double tax on dividends that Is, the taxation of a corpora- tion's earnings as well .as .the divi- dends paid to stockholders. only four crops of bushels or more, and they were grown during the past four years Wheat output' averaged bushels for the 1930-45 period. Whil? officials would like to sec another record crop because of the world grain shortage, they point out that a bushel yield still would permit this country to export a much larger -quantity 'of wheat in the 1948 crop year than it. normally shipped before the war. Most Unchanged The .report .gave-' few changes" in production estimates for this year's crops from, estimates of a month ago. Corn declined slightly In quan- tity, but improved In quality and livestock feeding value. The crop is about 25 per cent below last year's record' and 17 per cent short of government estimates of need based on rates of use "during the past year. The com crop which was ham- pered by cold weather at planting time and by dry weather during the growing season was estimated at bushels, a decrease of I about bushels from the' department's estimate of a month BlAOOVtSRC MANCHURIA OUTER MONGOLIA ago The. crop is far short of last year's record of bushels and of the bushels which the government had said is needed to meet requirements. Comparisons Estimates .included a record wheat crop of bushels com- pared with last year and for the ten-year average. Crops for which new figures were given this month, included: Buckwheat bushels, com- pared with last month, last year and for the ten-year average Grain sorghums bushels and Dry beans bags of 100 pounds, nnd Soybeans bushels, 985 000; and Potatoes bushels; and Sweet potatoes 000; and Estimates for other crops eluded: Sugarcane pared with In- tons, com- last month; last year nnd for the ten year average. Sugar beets tons; and Apples bushels; and Pears bushels; 000; and Milk Production Milk production in October was reported at pounds compared with In Sop tember, In October last j year and for the ten- iyear October average. 1 Egg production in October was reported at compared with In Seplembw, In October lust, year nnd for the ten-year Octo- ber average. The per acre yield of crops for which new production estimates were given, compared with last year and the ten-year average, respect- ively, included: Corn 20 bushels per acre, 37.1 last year find 29.4 for the ten-year 14.2; 18.2 and 16.8; average; Buckwheat ACCORD! NO TO A MPORT from Prague, printed In a French newspaper, Russia has been making sample A-bombs and a purported test was made in Siberia last June. The try-out was allegedly made not far from Irkutsk, indicated by cross on map. Below is shown Sergei Vavllov, di- rector of the Soviet Nuclear Research Service, who was said to have been In charge of the experiment. High military and scicntiflc_experts were, according to the Paris.dispatch. In-attendance. grain sorghums 1B.9; 15.8 and 15.2; dry beans pounds; 977 and 889; soybeans Itf.G bushels: 2.S and 18.2; potatoes 173.5 bushels; 184.5 and 131.6; sweel; potatoes 90.3; 98.3 and 87.2; sugarcane 17.1 tons; 19.5 and 20.0; sugar beets tons; 13.2 and 12.3. The condition November 1 was of pastures on estimated at 73 per cent of normal compared with 78 per cent on the same -date last year and 71 for the ten-year No- jvember 1 average. John Bmssett Moore, 86, above, nationally .recognized authority on international law and the first elected "to thu permanent Court of' Interna- tional Justice at the Hague, died last night. Wire- photo.) Robber Who Gave Evidence Against Companions Shot Chicago Kosar, 42, one.of the seven men who etole in a vault-robbery in 1945 and later itestlfled against his fellow robbers. -and .won was shot and killed last night while eating supper with his" family- in his west', side' home. Kosar was -struct in.-.the back and head by a. gunman who, police said, crept up the rear stairs to Kosar's second floor apartment and fired three shotgun .blasts through the glass of a storm door.. Kosar's wife, Florence, 40, -suf- fered minor wounds in the arm and leg by stray pellets. stepson, Jack Verdonl, 22, and William Fisher, 15, also In the kitchen eat- ing with the Kosars, 'were not in- jured. Andrew Aitken, deputy chief of [elective, said Kosar and six com- panions looted the vault of the E. H. Rumbold real estate company of January 19, 1945. Five were captured, another was found slain and one still is being sought. Aitken said that Kosar and Thomas Leahy turned evi- dence at the trial and' the other three men, Willie Niemoth, Patrick Flaherty and Llewellyn Morgan, were convicted. Flaherty 'and Nie- moth were sentenced to life im- prisonment and Morgan to from three to eight years. Aitken expressed belief that friends of the men sentenced in the robbery had engineered the slaying of Kosar. Mrs. Goodland to Be Delegate; Will Back MacArthur Madison, Walter S. Goodland, widow of Governor Goodland, said today she would be a delegate at large to the Repub- lican national convention next-year and would support General Douglas A. MacArthur for president, "I want the -public to know that I am doing it because it is what Governor Goodland would want me to Mrs. Goodland said. "He was always an admirer of General Mac- Arthur but he was especially so during the last year of his life and often said that he wished- Mac- Arthur could be drafted for prcsl- 17 to Pioneer on Jungle Isle Los 74-foot tug chugpcd iihrouRh Pacific waters to- dny bearing 17 agricultural adven- turers to a now llfn on a JunRln iNland wliorn there l.s no hawing shortage or high prices. The vessel named the Aster is a sturdy, Diesel-englned former coast guard buoy tender owned by Harper Henry of Los Angeles, who also owns the island of Chlrote, off the province of Chlriqul, Panama. The expedition left yesterday and ex- pects to reach the Island in about three weeks. Henrj' didn't give newsmen n roster of 17, but said they were friends of his from various, parts of the nation who were "thorough- ly discouraged trying to live tho face of high prices and the housing shortage." Aboard were household goods, beehives, equipment for making brooms from tropical grass and a piano. The colonists expert to live a rugged life, clearing land, plant crops, cutting timber to get lumber for dwellings. They hope to obtain some revenue by marketing the brooms they make. f Harriman Testifies at House Quiz U. S. Should Be Ready to Aid, He Washington Secretary of Commerce A. W. Harriman testified today he would favor stopping once any American old to nation might In the future come un- der the influence of Russia. Harriman was asked about his attitude In such a case while he wan testifying to the House foreign af- fairs committee In behalf of the ad- ministration's proposed 000 emergency assistance for France, Italy and Austria. "I would then lose Interest In It. In that particular HarrJ- maln said. But, In contrast, he sold he be- lieves America should hold itself ready to extend help to nations at eastern Europe If they should frw themselves of Russian domination. Certain of these nations, tho retary said, would havo "liked to come In and work with us." but prevented from doing so by Rui- sla. "Poland, Hungary and Romania are very friondly to us and been forced Into the Iron vise agalnrt then- Harriman said. Export Lint PromUed His views were brought up under questioning by Representative Jade- son Jackson also want- ed a list of commodities which this country now exports to Russia, Har- riman promised to furnish It. Chairman Vandenberg of the Semite foreign relations com- mittee made clear that the United States has a vital interest to world's uranium resources. He told State department rep- resentative, appearing before committee which also is hearing tes- timony en the emergency foreign aid program: "Some of us, before this' show over, are going to want some In- formation about uranium Uranium. is onfc of the key terials used in the manufacture the atom bomb. Previously, Jock- man suggested that un- expended money from a foreign' relief fund voted by Con- gress- last May might be enough to tide European countries over ttoa winter. Jonkman said only tl38.000.000 of the established fund, had been used to buy goods shipped through, Oc- tober 31. He said, only one-third of the money was used in fire and added that "if they dont ship witli any greater rapidity, they will enough from the to sup- ply them until March 31." Secretary of Commerce Harriman replied that it is his understandlnc those funds will run'out very short- ly." The government has asked for an emergency appropriation of to help France, Italy and Austria until March 31. c Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS For Wlnona and cloudy and not so cold to- night; lowest 22. Increasing cloudi- ness with rising temperature Friday with light snow by afternoon or at night; highest 34. Minnesota: Partly cloudy and not so cold tonight. Occasional light rain extreme west, Friday light mow. Wisconsin: Partly cloudy and continued cold tonight. Friday cloudy with snow beginning south- west in afternoon or evening and remainder of state at night. Slight- ly warmer south and east Friday. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for 24 ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 33: minimum, 13; noon 30: precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max, Min. Pep. Bemidji 13-1 Denver 32 20 1 30 73 8 47 32 8 Duluth ............23 Kansas City .......38 Miami .............85 Mpls.-St. Paul .....25 Phoenix ...........66 Washington .......54 Beglna 12 5 DAILY KIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-Hr. StnRO Today 000 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Red Wins 2.5 city fl.3 Rends 12 3.4 Dam 4, T.W....... O Dam 5, T.W....... 25 Dam 5A. T.W...... 3.3 Dam 6, Pool...... 10.2 Dam 6. T.W....... 4.1 Dam 7, Pool....... 9.3 Dam 7, T.W.....'.. 1.9 La Crosse 12 4.8 Tributary Streams Chlppewa at Durand Zumbro at Thcllman Buffalo above Alma Trempcalcau at Dodge Black at Ncillsville Black at Galesville La Crosse at W. Salem 1.5 2.2 2.0 2.0 0.8 3.1 2.7 Root at Houston .5.6 RIVER FORECAST (From to Guttenbcrr, Iowa) During the next 48 hours, there will be very little change in the stages throughout this district, ex- cept for very small fluctuations at the taihmtcr gages. i ;