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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 11, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Continued Cold VOLUME 50, NO. 227 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 11, 1950 Do Your Christmas Shopping Now FOURTEEN PAGES LEGION HEAD ASKS TOTAL MOBILIZATION Hodgepodge of Error Kelly Back in Lead In Michigan Race days aft- er Michigan's election of a governor his identity was still unknown today. The ultimate Republican Harry F. Kelly or Democrat Incumbent G. Men- nen Williams was hidden in a great of error in tabulating last Tuesday's record nonpresidential year vote. On the latest combined of- ficial and unofficial recheck a Kelly lead hovered around 300 votes. It stood like this: Kelly 851, Williams 934.532. But it was almost dead cer- tain there would be more cor- rections. County clerks and aides were still hard at work re-examining the vote. Not in all its 113-year history had Michigan run into one like this. After 48 hours of a laborious balancing job, the figures, if anything, got more obscure. On one point at least there was certainty. It was indeed Michigan's closest gubernator- ial fight. So close was it that specu- lation arose as to whether Michigan would know its gov- ernor's identity in time to in- augurate him on January 1. With a recount apparent- ly inevitable, and if any court fights should ensue, such an unprecedented situation was entirely possible. City and state officials took cautious steps to preserve the ballots. All local election officials got orders from the Capitol at Lansing to guard their ballots. In Detroit, where a count- ing error of to votes turned up, police locked the ballot boxes in the vaults of seven precinct stations. The state's order for a guard on the ballots resulted irom a conference among Attorney General Stephen J. Roth, a Democrat; Secretary of State Fred M. Alger, Jr., a Republi- can, and state police Commis- sioner Donald S. Leonard. Kelly, who was Michigan's two-term wartime governor, remained on his post-election vacation out of the state. Wil- liams, also taking a rest, was in seclusion. Phone Strike To Continue Over Weekend 'Hit-and-Run' Picketing Hurts Some Exchange Edward T. Dicker, the first Republican to win an election in Texas' Dallas county since the Civil war, gets a big hug from his pretty wife at a vic- tory celebration at their home in Dallas, Texas. Dicker, 37, builder of veterans' homes, defeated Democrat Walter J. Reid for state representative. (A.P. Wirephoto) California Battles Fire and Cold TODAY- Los Angeles Beset by blustery winds, generally nor'easters, Southern California battled fire and cold on different sectors today. A quick-spreading brush fire at the northwest end of San'Fernando valley razed acres, forced scores of families to flee and threat- ened the homes of movie folk in- cluding Veronica Lake and Lionel Barrymore. Only two small cabins were re- ported burned but some 50 or 60 larger homes were within a half- mile of the fire's path, Los Angeles county firemen said. Some 350 men were on the fire lines using equip- ment of both Los Angeles and Ven- tura counties and the Los Angeles city fire department. Freezing Weather Forecast Below-freezing temper a t u r e s ranging as low as 27 were fore- cast by the Weather bureau in the citrus belt, taking in such towns as Pomona, Covina, Azusa, Cuca- Taft May Win on 1st Ballot By Joseph and Stewart Atiop Washington It goes without saying that Senator Robert A. Taft is 'now about as good a bet for the Republican presidential nomination in 1952 as any man can be almost two years before the event. At one _.. stroke he has demolished the old Diego. An unoccupied 60-year-old Republican shibboleth that "Bob ranch house was destroyed, many monga and Redlands. The fire hazard remained grave throughout bone-dry Southern Cal- ifornia. State foresters fought a brush blaze near San Taft would make a fine President, but he could never get elected" winning in Ohio with the greatest majority in that state's history. By the same token, his triumph in Ohio has assured him of all-out support among Republi- can organizations throughout the whole Middle West and the South. The plain fact is that unless Taft is most seriously challenged, and soon, from either the East or West coasts, he may well go to the con- vention assured of nomination on other homes and citrus groves en- dangered. At least one man lost his life in the storm off shore. The body of Preston Johnson, 43, Huntington Beach, was found two miles off Santa Catalina island. Life pre- servers and other flotsam indicat- ed Johnson's boat, "My was wrecked in high seas. U. N. Ground Forces Renew Push in Korea Seoul Allied ground forces thrust northward today in a re- newed offensive against Korean and Chinese Communists. Initial gains of three miles were made in the northwest. The new drive breaks a five-day lull in the ground fighting. A puz- zling withdrawal by the Chinese Communists and the North Ko- reans caused the lull. The Reds withdrew abruptly to wooded mountain positions after inflicting heavy casualties in a sudden counterattack last week. Many Allied units were trapped and cut up. In the wake of ceaseless air blows on the retreating Reds and their supply lines, American and British infantry men pushed off Saturday in northwest Korea, U, S. Marines and other Allied units in the northeast continued their northward drive. The northwest offensive was launched soon after airmen had reported a linkup of east and west coast Allied forces across the 100- New York It appears cer- tain today that the partial coast- to-coast telephone strike will con- tinue over the weekend. It now is in its third day. The first federal peace talks fail- ed yesterday after only one of sev- eral pay and contract issues was discussed. No new joint session was planned before tomorrow after- noon. At the same time, the striking C.I.O. Communications Workers of America started a new system of "hit-and-run" picketing aimed at causing the greatest possible con- fusion in the huge Bell system. It was designed to keep the com- pany from mobilizing clerks and supervisors fast enough to handle the struck jobs at any one place. The national effect of the strike was spotty, and varied widely from city to city. The greatest suffer- ers were the long distance service and areas with manual telephone exchanges both requiring direct operators. Automatic dial service, which in- cludes about 70 per cent of the na- tion's phones, was not affected at once. If the strike lasts long enough, however, wear and tear and breakdowns could cut into the dial system. The maintenance men of Bell's subsidiary Western Elec- tric Company, installation and responsible for repair, are the Republican-Herald photo Marine Corps League riflemen "present arms" and the American Legion's color guard dips the colors as "Taps" is sounded at today's Armistice day observance in Winona, Taft Won't Campaign foi Joy of 1918 Clouded 32 Years, Two Wars Cincinnati If the Repub- lican party wants Senator Robert A. Taft as its 1952 presidential candidate, it will have to draft him. The senator led right out in an interview yesterday by saying: "I am not going to run for Presi- Then he care- Dim Armistice Hopes By Adolph Bremer At 3 a, m. wildly-cheering people were milling around down- town Winona streets. Warns Little Time Left to Save Peace Dead in Korea Won't Be Forgotten, Marshall Promises Washington American de- fense leaders gathered at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier today to hear a new call for a mighty Army to save world peace. In a speech at the Armistice day program in Arlington National cemetery, Erie Cocke, Jr., na- tional commander of the American Legion, said: "There is little time, and in our judgment, only one course of ac- tion left for letting Russia know that we mean business. "The- American Legion there- fore calls upon the President to authorize total mobilization of this nation's armed forces. We do this in the belief that nothing short of total mobilization will discourage Communist leaders from touching off total war." Cocke's was the principal speech for ceremonies at the eternally guarded shrine of this nation's un- known dead in World War I. Will Keep the Faith Secretary of Defense Marshall pledged on this Armistice day that the more than 4.G55 Americans who have died in Korea will not be for- gotten. In an address at ceremonies be- side the grave of General John J. Pershing in Arlington National cemetery, General Marshall said: "Each of these casualties repre- sents a precious life, precious to the individual and precious to his family and friends. We can do principle CWA division on strike. The union said yesterday that of its nearly members, were actually on strike and anoth- J.UCLI uc taic- er 87 000 were honoring the pick- j f u 11 y appended et lines a total of out of I the remark: "I work. The company estimated that two- thirds of its national service was normal, and the remainder spotty. CWA divisions are striking in all but five New England states. The main quarrel is a 13-month dispute between Western Electric and CWA's maintenance division 6 and distributing-division 18. The two principle issues are pay don't say that I wouldn't take the nomination if it were offered to me but I shall make no cam- paign to get it." Twice Taft's name has been proposed at Re- publican conven- t i o n s as the Sen. Tift mile waist of the peninsula. The rates and contract duration. The GOP candidate Eighth army, however, said it had j company has reputedly offered an for chief executive. But in 1940 no confirmation of the linkup. The U. S. 24th division and Brit- ish Commonwealth 27th brigade pushed off from their bridgehead north of the Chongchon river at Anju. They drove three miles to the outskirts of Pakchon, eight miles north of the Allied supply base of Anju. Pakchon is 60 air miles south of the Manchurian border and 50 miles north of Pyongyang, former Red capital. It is believed a Red strongpoint. General MacArthur's spokesman in Tokyo said road i blocking trenches eight feet wide Wind velocities continued, strong, !nad teen dug in the area, from 20 to 50 miles per hour, but However, elements of the 24th o, not quite as violent as the unofS- reached the southern outskirts of ballot Inthe East Acre cial 70 to Pakchon without major opposition oaiiot. in we mere ...HOI-O ,1 is, of course, one man who could challenge Taft very seriously in- deed Dwight D. Eisenhower. What is more, if Eisenhower want- ed the nomination, he could be sure today of the unanimous support of two of the largest delegations in the country, those of New York and Pennsylvania. Dewey Rules in N, Y. Governor Thomas E. Dewey, who is now assured of unquestion- ed control of the New York dele- gation, announced for Eisenhower well before the election. The day after tlie election, his party chiefs immediately began to beat the drums for the general. Obviously there will be no visible national fu- ture for Dewey if his ancient rival, Taft, becomes the party standard bearer, and equally obviously, Dewey is convinced that only Eis- enhower can now stop Taft. As for Duff, he will also control the Pennsylvania delegation with- out any trouble, now he has destroyed the ancient Pennsylvania Grundy-Owlett machine. And Duff, who admires Eisenhower intense- ly, has repeatedly stated in private that he is ready to go the limit for Eisenhower in 1952. General May Not Run Logically, therefore, Dewey and Duff would now join hands to pro- j mote an Eisenhower boom in order to stop Taft. But there are compli- cations. A minor complication is the fact that Duff fought like a ti- ger to stop Eewey in 1948. even switching to Taft at the last mo- ment at the Philadelphia conven- tion. For this and other reasons, there is no love lost between the two men. But the real complication is the (Continued on Page 2, Column 7) ALSOPS at San Fernando airport where a two-engine plane was lifted on a pilotless quarter-mile flight Patrols earlier were northeast of Pakchon. reported ll-cent hourly increase to wages now averaging to per hour, and wants the pay agree- ment to last 16 months. The union has demanded an un- specified but "substantially" high- er increase, and a one-year agree- ment. In yesterday's mediation talks, Federal Conciliator Walter Maggio- lo said both sides were still dead- locked over the contract duration the only issue discussed. He planned separate talks with the parties today, with a new joint ses- sion tomorrow. The first violence in the dispute came at Philadelphia, where police formed a flying wedge to clear the and again in 1948 he was passed over. Now, by polling a plurality over State Auditor Jo- seph T. Ferguson to gain re-elec- tion to a third Senate term, and in spite of labor's bitter solid op- position, he has put to death the charge he is not a vote-getter. Isolation Tag Denied The senior statesman from Ohio declared simply 'yesterday, "My ii wujuua auccia. notning to resiorc LU uicoc The bars were open; just about every whistle was blowing and but we can kecp with them, just about every bell was ringing for all it was worth. remember Ing and honoring their There were no milk deliveries, and the North Western trainmaster j doing sending weren't was having difficulties trains out: Train crews reporting. Nearly every business was clos- ed down, and most school children just forgot about classes. In that joyful atmosphere was Armistice day first observed in Winona. All Matter of Fact Now A few minutes before 11 a.m. today 32 years, to the hour, after the end of World War I fight- ing _ several score patriotic and 6 Stores Burn At Lamar, Colo., Loss Lamar, Colo. Flames burn- ed out six stores and a new, un- occupied downtown building last disinterested passersby, watched as Winona remembered that day. The American Legion Drum Bugle corps, composed of veter- ans of that first great war and the second one, marched smartly up to Third and Center streets and formed a setting for the Marine i Corps league's firing detail of 'World War II veterans. The detail fired volleys, to re- member those who have fought and died for the United States; night before sub-freezing ploding ammunition, stopped the conflagration. Police estimated damage at There were no injuries re- ported. The fire gutted a food store, two sporting goods shops, a pool hall, a flower shop and a li- noleum establishment. The crack of exploding shells in the sporting goods stores could be crackle of the and volunteers heard above the flames. Fifty firemen interest now is the legislative pro-1 ..Taps" was blown, and the groups moved off. They wasted no time; neither did the spectators. It was gram. Unlike the strong effort he made to gain the Republican nod in 1948, Taft says he now is cutting off all campaign and publicity work. way for trucks that pickets hadj The Ohioan swung out at the ____ struggled in temperatures around 20 above zero to establish control about a.m. Ralph Dodd, a merchant police- tried to houses. barricade at two ware- While Bombers Piasttred Key Towns all along the Yula river, blast symbols, today ground activity was stepped up in several sections in North Korea. In the northwest, U. S. and British troops pushed off from their Chongchon river bridgehead northward to the outskirts of Pakchon beyond which Red forces were massed in strength. In center sector, Marines were only three miles from the Changjin reservoirs. East of the Marines, U. S. troops were driving toward Pujon reservoirs. Far to the North- east South Koreans pushed within 85i miles of the border in a tove toward Chonzm. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) idea that he personally or the i ed to be closed down from only 23 above, the mercury having man, discovered smoke seeping: un- dropped to a record season low of 12 above last night. Downtown stores were schedul- Republican party generally is isolationist. "Only an idiot would be an iso- lationist he scoffed. Method, not principle, underlies his chief differences with the Democratic administration's for- eign policy, Taft assented. He cas- tigated the administration for secrecy and bad judgment. He dropped the remark, "I haven't the slighest confidence in (Secre- tary of State Dean) Acheson's judgment." Aski Consultations Bipartisanship in foreign policy does not need to suffer, said Taft, although he agreed that interna- tional measures will be harder to pass. Bipartisanship can be con- tinued, maybe even extended, but it is up to the President, he de- clared. The Senator explained that to make this possible, President Tru- man must consult Republican op- position in advance of decisions, and that this Republican opposi- tion must be truly representative of the Republicans in Congress. Congress' big job, as Taft sees it, is determination of the extent nf military policy and the effect of it on inflation here at home. The head of the G.O.P. Senate policy committee expressed the belief that the impact of defense spending on inflation could be handled on a co-operative basis, under certain conditions. He said he feels the new de- fense program will mean high taxes on hopes raises everybody and that he 'pay labor won't demand to compensate for creased taxes. He said this would start inflation on another spiral to a.m., according to the As- sociation of Commerce. Storm Recalled Locally, the day is more remem- bered for a storm ten years ago today than any war which may have ended. Armistice day, 1940, a bitterly cold blizzard suddenly swept out of the north, isolating hundreds of duck hunters in the sloughs and killing some of them in the long night that followed. Later today there would be par- ties and reunions in observance of Armistice day, but some of the young men, including World War II veterans, who were here for them a year ago, won't be around this time. The year now ended has seen many of them enter or return to the armed forces, and some of them are now in North Korea, wondering whether the Chinese Communists will be riding down on the next wind from the north. If they are, it will be a bleak day for peace; and this makes Armistice day, 1950, a somber one, indeed. The Wisona Armistice Day Din- ner club, formed by a group of 15 Winonans November 11, 3318, and which has met each Armistice day since then, will hold its traditional dinner at the Hotel Winona tonight. Speaker, will be Colonel Leal W. Reese, U. S. Field Artillery, re- tired, of Taylorvaie, m. An attor- ney in civilian life, Colonel Reese recently returned to the United States after three years in Korea where he was acquainted person- ally with most of the ROK military leaders. During his stay there he lived in Pusan one year. He is an honorary army. colonel in the Korean der the doors of the stores about midnight. Flames broke out first in the new structure back of the food store. Their origin was still undetermined' early today. Lamar is located in southeast- ern Colorado. Tito Closes Albanian Legation Belgrade Yugoslavia clos- ed and sealed the Albanian lega- tion here today in a move just one step short of breaking off dip- lomatic relations between the two countries. A note containing the decision of Premier Marshal Tito's govern- ment was handed to a representa- tive of its tiny, isolated, Mediter- ranean neighbor, and its contests were disclosed by the ministry of information here. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Sunday, con- tinued cold. Low tonight 14 in city, 10 in country. High Sunday afternoon 30. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 23; minimum, 12; noon, 23; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at run rises to- morrows at Additional weather on Page 2. i to support the ideals ously represented. Won't Be Forgotten "They will not be forgotten. Their government will see that their last resting place is kept beautiful and peaceful, and a re- minder to all peoples that we be- lieve in the dignity of the individ- ual and stand ready to make any sacrifice in defense of his inalien- able rights." Marshall recalled that he had been closely associated with Gen- eral Pershing when Pershing com- manded the First army during the San Miliiel and Meuse-Argonne battles of World War I. After the war he served as Pershing's aide for four years and, on his death, succeeded him as chairman of the Battle Monuments commission. In that post, Marshall said he is concerned with the final resting places of American war dead in sacred plots of ground all over the world. 22 Cemeteries Overseas "There are 22 such cemetries he said, "and in each we have erected, or are in pro- cess of erecting, a beautiful chap- el containing a permanent graphic record in stone, bronze and mosa- ics of the achievements of the American forces who fought in these regions." Marshall said that these memo- rials will remind the peoples of Europe, Africa and the Far East that American men "fought, bled, and died side by side with their own sons to make life more abun- dant for all of us." Honor Unknown Soldier President Truman away from Washington on a Potomac river cruise designated Colonel Corneli- us J, Mara, his assistant military aide, to represent him at the cere- monies. Mara and a number of other individuals and organizations laid wreaths at the soldier's tomb. These include Dr. Sac Sun Kim of the Korean embassy, the Daugh- ters of the American Revolution, the Blue Star Mothers, the Japa- nese-American Citizens league and veterans groups. In his call for total mobilization, the American Legion commander said: "Stalin knows our paper, plans for defense and they don't frighten him. Chinese regiments carried his answer across the Man- cburiaa border." "This is no time for guessing when Russia will be ready to strike. If we are to take a defi- nite position in the cold war and have Russia steer by our course, we must do it now by placing max- imum fighting strength in the field." Because the Legion knows that the nation's "free enterprise sys- tem could not long support" the resulting defense bill, Cocke said, the Legion is urging again, "for the 30th consecutive that the U. S. adopt a universal mili- tary training program. If U.M.T. was placed in opera- tion next year he estimated that by 1953 there could, be enough trained men in reserve to enable the U. S. to cut back the size.and cost of the regular armed forcef. ;