Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 6, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
Cloudy, Colder Tonight, Continued Cold Friday American Education Week Nov.-9-15 VOLUME 52, NO. 223 SIX CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 6, 1952 TWENTY-TWO PAGES ke.T Meet in T Day U.S. Rejects Russian Note On Blockade Complaint Called Red Attempt to 'Deceive People' WASHINGTON yp> The United States today rejected a Soviet pro- test against creation of a sea de- fense zone in Korean waters. A State Department spokesman call- ed the complaint a Red attempt "to deceive people." The U. S. reaction to Moscow's protest was stated informally by the department press officer, Mich- ael McDermott. He said a formal reply would be made later. Moscow's protest was made Tues- day, but was not disclosed until the Soviet radio broadcast the text of the note Wednesday. The Soviets objected to an order by Gen. Mark Clark, United Na- tions commander in Korea, estab- lishing a "sea defense zone" in South Korean waters. One announced purpose of Clark's order was to prevent the infiltra- tion of enemy agents into Allied prisoner of war camps. McDermott asserted that Moi- cow's protest is an attempt at ception, because it is designed to make people believe that "legiti- mate counter-measures to acts of aggression Ere themselves new acts of aggression." Russians Protest Korean Blockade By THOMAS P. WHITNEY MOSCOW Ufi A Russian note to Washington charges .the United States with an illegal and aggres- sive new blockade in Korean wa- ters and warns that the United States must take the "responsibil- ity for consequences." Moscow radio last night broad- cast the text of the terse 350-word note and announced that it was delivered by the Russian Embassy in Washington Tuesday. Comment Declinad (The State Department acknow- ledged receipt of the protest last night but diplomatic and naval of- declined comment until it is studied. (The Soviet Union objected to an order Sept. 27 by U. N. com- mander Gen. Mark Clark which established a "sea defense 2one" in South Korean waters to "elimi- nate infiltration of enemy agents" into Allied prisoner of war camps on Koje and other Korean islands, as well as to prevent attacks on the South Korean Coast, protect U. N. Command lines of communi- cations and halt smuggling. (Clark said investigations of the prisoner riots on the islands "have shown conclusively they were in- stigated and abetted by enemy Twenty Years Ago Lucius H. Allis of Whately, Mass., kicked tobacco buyers off his farm when they offered him only three and a half cents a pound for his two acres of tobacco. In fact, Allis was so mad he wouldn't sell the crop at all, and. has been rolling his own stogies and giving some away to friends for the past 20 years. Here Yankee Allis smokes one of the last of his cigars and says the tobacco is just as fragrant as it was in 1932. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) _________ Ike Picks Military Plane for Flisht to View Korean War By tLTON C. FAY WASHINGTON UPl-President-elect Dwight D, Eisenhower turned today to the military to take him on his projected journey to the Ko- rean War zone, politely declining President Truman's offer of the sonower Replied immediately after receiving Truman's some- what la'conic offer to put the luxurious, four-engined Independence at his "if you still desire to go to Korea. The president-elect said any .suitable military plane would do and that he would notify the De- fense Department soon of his plans. There was no immediate explan- ation why Truman attached the "if you still desire to go" qualifi- cation to his offer. But Eisenhow- er's reply was definite assurance that he will go through with his campaign pledge. He said in an address on Oct. 24, "I shall go to Korea" to seek a way to an hon- orable conclusion of the war. Plans Mapped Defense Secretary Robert Lov- ett, Gen. Omar Bradley and other high officials of the Pentagon al- Eisenhower. Although the officer probably will be of high rank, there was an impression that it will not be Bradley. Although Eisenhower has been one of the nation's most famous soldiers, he no longer holds his StlgalcQ dllU tlUCLLCU U.V CUCJlljr Illgll U-LUUltUi UX UJC i agents, landed from small boats j ready have shaped tentative plans and carrying instructions from I to take Eisenhower on his Korean Communist headquarters in North j journey. I The probability is the military Note Contends wjjj assign an officer to accom- The Russian note contended that j pany nim] ;s agreeable to establishment of the zone "repre- sents a violation of the freedom of sea, trade in the open sea and also a violation of the rights of the USSR and other states." It charged that the order was "a new act of aggression in the Far which "proves once again that the U S. government is not only un- willing to stop the war in Korea, but is following the path of new acts of aggression." The note said that the Soviet government "does not recognize as legal the establishment by the U.S. government of the so-called defen- sive maritime zone around Korea, and lays upon the U. S. government the responsibility for the conse- quences of this new aggressive act and for any damage that might be caused to the interests of the USSR." House Burns At Hollandale HOLLANDALE, Minn. W Emil Schinkel had difficulty in getting a fire department Wednesday and his nine-room home burned down. Schinkel started for Hollandale when his house started burning. The nearest telephone is two miles away and he decided to go to town instead. He drove off the end of a dead-end road, his car landing in a plowed field. He flagged down two motorists and one of them went to Hollandale Votes in South WASHINGTON Steven- son, whose views on were received with civil rights something less than sympathy in the South, got all his electoral votes in Dixie, near complete returns showed to- day. Those returns put the Democrat- ic presidential nominee ahead in only nine states, whose total elec- toral vote amounts to 89. This was the smallest electoral for any Democratic nominee since 1928, when Alfred E. Smith re- ceived 87. There, was a chance that Stev- enson might yet lose one of those nine If so, his electoral vote total would fall -to 79. With 116 precincts missing, Stev- enson led in Kentucky by votes. He had a popular vote of to for Eisenhower. These are the states where h to turn in the alarm. The Dther drove Schinkel back home. By the time the Hollandale, Geneva and Clarks Grove fire de- partments coulcl get to the farm, it was too late and the house was destroyed. Meanwhile, Schinkel, his six daughters and a grandson ar.e with out a home. They spent the night with neighbors. five-star commission or any other j direct connection with the Army. When he goes to Korea, presum-'' ably well before the inauguration on Jan. 20, he will be a private longer a general and not yet the commander-in-chief. In Korea, Eisenhower will come to grips with the first and perhaps most difficult question of his pres- idential term: Unpopular War What to do about an unpopular war almost 28 months old, stalled on a heavily defended front, fought against an enemy with major sup- ply sources outside the theater of combat, and supported by Russia, the potential major and powerful enemy of the United States? Eiserhower, in his campaigning, made o.ne proposal: Assign an in- creasing amount of the front-line fighting to troops of the South Koreans. Beyond this, there exists an old and explosive question which fig- ured in the controversy over the ousting of Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur from the Far East supreme command: Should the United States turn to true strategic warfare in an at- tempt to destroy the Asiatic Com- munists war-waging ability and bomb supply centers and airfields in the Chinese homeland? Truman and the State Depart- ment rebuffed any such thought, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff sub- sequently followed that up with explanations of the military im- practicality of such an operation. However, the administration goes out of office next January and the terms of all but one member of the JCS expires next summer. Loui a na Nort'h Carolina 14; g West virgillia 3. Deweyf Dulles, Hoffman May Be in Cabinet Ike Has Talked Of Negro and Woman for Posts By JACK BELL WASHINGTON was cabinet picking time in Washington the first for any Republican in 24 President-Elect Dwight D. Eisenhower had a wealth of material. He once said he might appoint a qualified Negro to the Cabinet, but there was no indica- tion he still is intrigued by that idea. Among Cabinet prospects could be listed Govs. Thomas E. Dewey of New York, Sherman Adams of New Hampshire, Earl Warren of California, Edward F. Arn of Kan- sas, Dan Thornton of Colorado, Sens. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., de- feated for re-election in Massachu- setts, Frank' Carlson of Kansas, Fred Seaton of Nebraska, James Duff of Pennsylvania: John Foster Dulles, former State Department adviser; Paul G. Hoffman, former Marshall Plan director; retired Gen. Lucius Clay and GOP Na- tional Chairman Arthur Summer- field. Summerfield said he wants to go back to his automobile business in Michigan and Lodge said he would spurn a Cabinet post in favor of going back into the newspaper business. He formerly was a re- porter. Eisenhower has talked about put- ting a woman in the Cabinet and Oveta Gulp Hobby, of the Houston, Tex., Post and Mary Lord, co-chairman of the Citizens for Eisenhower Committee, have been mentioned in this connection. Eisenhower had an invitation yet to be acted sit down with President Truman at the White House for consultations which as Truman put it, would demonstrate to the world that "our people are united in the struggle for freedom and peace." There were indications Eisen- hower ms.y accept the invitation before the end of the year. Truman also offered the gen- eral his White House plane for the trip to Korea, but Eisenhower said in effect he would rather ride ,in a regular Air Force transport. I The friendliness of Congress [Republican by only one vote in (Continued on Page 16, Column 2.) DEWEY WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy and colder tonight. Friday generally fair and continued rather cold. Low tonight 25, high Friday 38. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 56; minimum, 38; noon, 38; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at run rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wis. Cen. Observations) Max. temp. 56 at p. m. Wed- nesday, min. 37 at a. m. today. Noon readings clouds overcast at feet, ceiling feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 20 miles per hour from west, barometer 31.00, rising, humidity 82 per cent. Mr. And Mrs. David Atkins of Wheaton, 111., formerly of Atlanta, Ga., both of whom were stricken with polio within a week of each other, arrive in Atlanta after' a flight from Illinois and are greeted by Atkin's parents, the A. C. Atkins. Atkins holds his month-old son, who was born six days after his mother was stricken and the day be- fore his father became ill. An 18-month-old daughter, Shirley Louise, is held by the grand- father. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) General to Air Peace Problems With President Agrees to Send Others to Receive Indoctrination By R ELM AN MORIN AUGUSTA, Ga. Dwight Eisenhower suggested today that he meet in about 10 days with. President Truman to discuss the problem of peace. Eisenhower replied this morning to a telegram Wednesday from the President in which Truman pro- posed such a meeting. The presi- dent-elect messaged back that tentatively plan the proposed meet- ing for the early part of the week beginning Nov. 17." Meanwhile, he said, he plans to appoint representatives "for indoc- trination in several other depart- ments in the federal government. In this way our own conference can achieve maximum results. Thinks President Following is the text of Eisen- hower's telegram to Hie President: "Thank you for your telegram. I am gratified by your suggestion that we have a personal meeting in the interests of orderly transi- tion. Because I obviously require a reasonable time for conversa- tions and conferences leading up to the designation of important assistants. I respectfully suggest that we tentatively plan the pro- posed meeting for the early part of the week beginning Nov. 17. "In the meanwhile, with your permission, I shall try to take immediate advantage of your sug- gestion concerning a budgetary re- presentative and will additionally State Hospital Site Selected Near Brainerd Congress GOP By Slim Margin By RUSSELL BRINES and JOE HALL WASHINGTON has returned to Republican control by i option on 80 acres of land near Brainerd as a site for a new state mental institution, but tossed the question of purchasing a definite site back to the legislature. The land lies one mile east of Brainerd. The sum of was authorized to purchase the option, Popular Vote WASHINGTON (fl Associ- ated Press returns at a. ra. (CST) today, from 918 of the country's vot- ing unite showed the popular vote: Eisenhower, Stevenson, Total, Eisenhower's percentage: 55.4. Republican party to support Gov. Stevenson, was listed as an inde- pendent with possibly a decisive vote. The Democrats held a 49-47 edge in the 82nd Congress. In the last Republican-controlled 80th Con- of 1947, the GOP had a 51-45 with- the transaction to be com- pleted by May 1. The 1951 legislature appropriated for purchase of a site and plans for the new institution. The matters were left to the council. Atty. Gen. Burnquist, who. ab- stained from .today's action, said the legislature had not determined the size or exact nature of the institution and that therefore he did not think the council should choose a site. He said it should be determined whether the insti- tution will be a mental school or hospital, whether it will be for alleged incurables, or for treat- ment of mental patients. Gov. Anderson, council chairman, gress ux uic stated he would push for a new j advantage in the Senate. mental institution. Republicans Tuesday won 220 House seats, two more than neces- sary for control. The Democrats took 206 but one of these became vacant with the death last night of Rep. Sabath dean of the House, who had just been elected to his 24th consecutive term. A House vacancy can be filled only by a special election. One independent who usually votes with the Democrats was re- elected, and Democrats were lead- ing in all eight undecided districts. Other Sessions The Democrats held 232 House seats in the last Congress, but this advantage was largely nullified by an anti-Truman voting .coalition of Republicans and Southern Demo- crats. In 1947, the Republicans eon- trolled the House by a 245-188 mar- gin, with one vacancy and one American Labor party member. The victory gives the GOP a vo- ting edge, particularly if Southern Democratic support continues, but the Republicans will gain greater power by controlling committee chairmanships and other top pos- itions in both houses. From these posts, GOP leaders can direct the progress of legislation. The new Congress faces basic decisions on how much money to spend on foreign aid and the mili- his policies. This support, many believe, he is likely to get. While the general was winning with a landslide vote Tuesday, his supporters fought bitterly and in some cases neck and neck for seats in the 83rd Congress, which will consider major international and domestic problems next year. Eight congressional races went into vote-by-vote counting, with at least three of them dependent upon absentee ballots from throughout the world, including Korea, In some close races, defeated candi- dates have indicated they may con- test the outcome. Complete Return! Complete Senate returns gave the Republicans 48 seats and the Democrats 47. Sen. Wayne Morse Sabath, one-time poor immigrant of Oregon, who resigned from the j boy who rose to serve 45 unbroken Rep. Sabath, Congressman 45 Years, Dies propose other individuals for indoc- trination in several of the other departments in the federal govern- ment. In this way our own con- ference can achieve maximum results. I share your hope that we may present to the world an American unity in basic issues." The president-elect put aside for a moment numerous pressing prob- lems. His plans for the day in. eluded nothing but an afternoon round of golf at the National Golf Club, where he is staying, and his schedule so far embraces more of the same plus some fishing md the complete rest he has not known in months. Going to Korea Eisenhowers' personal idea for By CHARLES F. BARRETT I a beginning is to go to Korea him- WASHINGTON tfl Adolph J. j self to study the situation there Dressed For The Hunt, nine-year-old Barbara Gardner guides her mount, Tiny, over the bar- rier in one of the working hunter class events at the National Horse Show in New York Wednesday night. The youthful rider piloted the mount for its owners, Mr. and Mrs. A. S. Dailey of Herndon, Va. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) apcuu uii luieis"