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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 5, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48- NO. 132 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 5, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Truman Pledges Ail-Out Effort The Alsops U. S. More Left Than Supposed By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington There is only one question on which professional ticlans. poll-takers, political report-1 ers and other wiseacres and prog- nostlcators can any longer speak with much authority. That Is how they want their crow cooked. These p a r 11 c u lar re- porters prefer their crow fricas- seed. with this pre- face, it Is Inter- esting to specu- late on the tri- umphant re- election of Presi- dent Harry S. Truman in the face of the universal belief that he was a beaten man before the ballot- Ing started. An explanation Is at least strongly suggested by the vote for the four presidential candidates, plus the votes for candidates for Congress. The people of the United States are considerably further to the left than had been supposed. The facts to support this conclu- sion can be summarized very easily. FIRST, ANYONE who paid much attention to what Truman said, must have been astonished to ob- serve that his campaign speeches were consistently more aggressive and more radical than any Franklin Delano Roosevelt ever uttered. At his hottest and angriest, Roosevelt never laid Into big business as Truman did. Nor did Roosevelt ever promise specific reforms, well be- yond any currently popular with other politicians, as Truman did. Second, the record of the 80th Congress was beyond doubt Tru- man's greatest strength. In the farm states, he could and did point to Buch phenomena as the Republican senators and representatives .under- cutting the Rural 'Electrification administration at the behest of the power lobby. In the great urban areas, he could and did point to the Tuft-Hartley act. His huge audiences did not seem to listen very carefully at the time. But these points of Truman's meant pork chops to the farmers and the farmers and workers evidently went home and thought about it and decided that a vote for Truman would be the best safe- guard of their interests. THIRD, THE Republican con- oervatlsm of the great mld-westem farming area, which has been an accepted fact to all recent Ameri- can political calculation, is a fact no longer. Truman had to carry several states in this area in order to counter-balance his loss of New York and the Dlxiecrat territory. He carried them handily. No one can any longer talk with pompous certainty about "isolationist, stand- pat Iowa." The voters in these Winona, Fountain City Institutions Share in Flora Eder Estate Three Wiriona County Men in First Draft Winona county's first quota under the peacetime draft Is three men, and they'll report for Induction November 29. That was announced today by the Winona county draft board office, which said that it will be unable to release the names of those to be inducted until the time of Induction. The three Winona county men, as will drafted men from seven other Southeastern Minnesota counties, will report at the Winona Army and Air Force examining and induction station, -where they underwent physical and mental examina- tions last month. On reporting at the station, they'll get another examination then they'll be ready for induction. When they leave Winona, they'll be soldiers. The Winona quota of three men is part of a state quota of 362 men for November. sted county's quota is also three. Failure of Dewey to Slug It Out With Truman Blamed i By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Albany, N. Y. Over-confidence that more than any- thing else is what the people around Governor Thomas E. Dewey are blaming for his defeat in the presidential election. It was not so much, a case of the Republican nominee himself Ijeing sure he had the prize in the bag. Dewey was confident, but he sensed weeks ago that it was an U. S. Dependents In Nanking Area To Be Evacuated Nankitj All American de- pendents in the Nanking-Shanghai area are being evacuated as rapidly become available, Major General David G. Barr, director of u. s. Joint military advisory groups announced today. About wives and children of Americans will leave the two great Chinese cities, which may be tacked by communists before unhealthy thing for the G.O.P. party workers to take it for granted. The New York governor was pleas- ed but disturbed by the polls which said the White House was his In a walk. For a while he cautioned that it would be dangerous to let down. Then that seemed to be forgotten. Dewey took the outcome for granted like millions of others. Neglected to 'Sills' That was why he stuck to his Masonic Bodies, Y. M. and Y. W. Remembered in A large share of an estate valued at will be distributed to Winona charitable and welfare or- ganizations, It was revealed here today as proceedings for hearings on the bequests were made In both Winona and Buffalo county probate courts. The estate is that of the late Miss Flora Eder, 523 West Sanborn street, who died January 2, 1948, at her home here. At Alma, Wis., a hearing to evalu- ate and distribute farm property belonging to the Eder estate and valued at was set today for a hearing February l before Judge G. L. Pattlson. The Winona hearing will follow. Winona organizations slated to receive a great portion of the residue of the estate in addition to stipu- S0me 20 cases of''minor Residents Flee As California Fires Flare Drought-Dry v Areas Swept By Brush Blaze Los Angeles Two one destroying scores of homes and forcing hundreds to over brush acres of drought- dry southern California today. Some more residents of To- panga Canyon were prepared to evacuate If winds again whipped up the mountain area blaze near the Pacific ocean. The other fire, inland in the Santa Ana district, still raged out of control on two 10-mile fronts, forcing the closing of state high- way 18. Wind Feared No deaths were reported, although lated bequests are the Y.W.C.A., Injuries and burns were treated at the YJVI.C.A. and Winona General hos-1 Topanga Canyon fire. pital association. j Topallga blaze was brought to A stipulation in the will reads "I a temporary standstill last night expect to provide a home for Wil- liam F. Eder, (a brother at Foun- tain City) should I believe him to become in need thereof during my lifetime and I make no provision for him in this my will." Bequests Listed The will provides for a bequest of to the Winona Masonic Benevolent Association and to the Winona chapter 141, Order of Eastern Star. The Masonic Home in Blooming- ton township, Minneapolis, is named by back-firing, but fire fighters feared wind might arise again at daybreak to fan the flames south- ward toward the 400-home com- munity of Fernwood. I Approximately 800 men were on the lines in the Canyon, with nearly acres already blackened. North of Santa Ana, about men appeared to be making slight head- way against fire lashing out over a area. Residents Flee The Topanga flre, in the Santa President Truman rides through a crowd-lined street as his parade left Union Station at Washington this morning. The Presi- dent is seated at left and Senator Baikley, vice-president-elect, is at right on the folded top of the car. (A.P, Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) as the recipient of a bequest! Monica mountains due west of Los said, U. S. remain at their posts. 'high level" campaign and his "unit- ed America" theme. He thought, and the majority of his top aides believed, he did not have to slug It out with President Truman. Although Dewey said at a news conference after he conceded to Mr. 1 Truman that he 'did not believe vote to was a big factor in outcome, he Is known, to be personnel win thinking differently about that now. Vice Admiral Oscar Badger, com- mander of U.'S. Western Pacific forces, said the Navy has no in- tention of abandoning its China base at Tslngtao on Shantung pen- insula. He said the Navy was pre- pared to evacuate Americans and other foreigners of friendly nations, Admiral Badger said the fleet was in China to protect Americans and to support the civilian depart- ments of the U. S. government. He said marines may be landed in Shanghai as a protective force for the Americans there. Earlier Americans were urged to leave the two cities. mortgage-burning farmers of the '30's. A good many of them could, if they chose, have flown in to cast their ballots in their private airplanes. Yet they voted for the Democrats just the same. There may be something to the argument that the prevailing pros- perity was a great help to the Ins and an obstacle to the Outs, But it Is outrageously patronizing to assume that the electorate did not understand the this election. Issues involved in The governor is wondering wheth- er many Republican voters decided the election was no contest and on that ground neglected to cast ballots, aides said. But the thing that puzzles him it does nearly everyone how the polls could have been so wrong. Dewey aides blame those predictions of easy victory for him for the overconfldeflce they be- lieve resulted. Another big factor those around Dewey are citing In trying to find a reason for his astounding defeat Is the kind of campaign the governor waged. A minority of the "Dewey team' and the Twin City Shriners hos- pital, 2025 East River road, Minne- apolis, will be given accord- Ing to terms in the will. The will stipulates that be set aside for the erection of a combined chapel and vault the Fountain City cemetery and that be used for the establish- ment of waterworks and a pump house In the cemetery. The Foun- tain City Masonic lodge, No. 283, will receive Angeles, was spurred by a rare 30- mile Santana wind blowing from the dry San Fernando Valley to- ward the ocean. It came so sud- denly hundreds of residents had to flee, leaving belongings behind. Los Angeles county flre wardens estimated some 55 small frame des- troyed, with perhaps that many more damaged. Evacuated were the tiny communities of Silvia Park, Topanga Woods, Topanga Hat and Trippett Ranch. Congress With Race Issue The following individuals arei Flames reached to within a -half "tr, the As evacuation notices went out, A minority of the "Dewey team" mood of the pointed to a coming show- held out for the slugging, kind of in the mooa 01 Uie Snenil ending rannnaiim Proclrtpnf. TVuman named In the will as recipients: Florence Marcks, Winona, Margaret McCready, Winona, and Janet Paton, Winona, The Y.W.C.A, Y.M.C.A. and Wi- nona General hospital association each receive in addition to what is given to them from the residue of the estate. Personal Gifts F. W. Winona, will re-j ceive and Val Thoeny, mayor of Fountain City has been named j to be given a similar sum. Walter! C. Scott, 'deceased, former Winona resident, was named to receive Veronica M. Brown, Winona, will receive Pearl Engstrom and George Engstrom, as will Ruth Q. Fawcett and Raymond W. mile of Femwood before they were checked. But residents were alerted to be ready to leave, i major chairmanship. On the Santa Ana front, only a- half-dozen cabins were reported burned, but the flames crept close to exclusive Lemon Heights, north of Santa Ana, and women and chil- By Howard Dobson Washington An outright race issue confronts the new Democratic majority of the Negro is in line to head a major committee of: Congress. He is Representative William L. Dawson of Illinois, Q-eorgla- born Chicago attorney who was re-el'ected Tuesday to his fourth term. Dawson actually Is only the second ranking Democrat on the executive expenditures committee But the No. 1 man Representa- tive John W. McCormack of Massa- chusetts Is slated to return to his job of majority floor leader. And the majority leader customarily does not have any committee assignments; he never has carried'the burden of a down'ln central China. An estimated government troops, most of them mediocre as fighting divisions, were massed In the general area of Suchow, East China military headquarters 170 miles northwest of Nanking, There they face the tough, season- ed East China communist armies of General Chen Yl, which already are in a position to make an out- flanking drive and isolate Suchow. Such tactics were used by Chen's, forces in capturing Tsinan, Shan- tung province capital. That defeat Tso-yi, commander Furthermore, there proof more __ that the voters knew exactly what Manchuria wiped out some of the they wanted. Without exception, the government's best armies. Senatorial candidates of true 80th Congress flavor the brassy Brooks of Illinois, Ball of Minnesota, Wil- son of Iowa, Robertson of Wyoming (Continued on Page 9, Column 4.) ALSOPS Hunting Season To Be Extended In Badqer State A. Kline has a bequest of and Bertha and Mathlas Shank, Durand, campaign President Truman con- ducted. But Dewey himself and most of his advisers decided at the outset that it would not be necessary for Mm to slug hard this time. Dewey was told and believed that he could coast the nation was ready for a change after 16 years of Democratic rule. And he was told that Mr. Tru- man was a weak candidate who could be Ignored in campaign ad- dresses. So Dewey's theme became a "united America" and he chose to (and Winona General hospital. dren left some 85 homes in district. U. Expenditures For Year Set At the will receive Helen B. of Mln- Winona, has been named for a giftjnesota expenditures for the fiscal of A provision hi the will requests that F. W. Sawyer and Val Thoeny dispose of all jewelry, ornaments, silverware and pictures. The residue of the estate, real and personal, will be given toi the Imperial Council of Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of.-tiie Mystic Shrine of North America, the Shrine hospital, Y.W.CA., YM.C.A. speak out on the issues. The New Yorker did outline his position on a number of matters, jut he did so in general terms and 1948 and probated February 5, 1948. A provision has been made that Madison, Wis. The state conservation commission todny ex- tended thr. hunting- season on part- ridge (ruEed grouse) for one week. The season was to have closed at 4 p. m. today. The order must be signed by Gov- ernor Rennebohm but he had Indi- cated previously he would do so. 7? -a department said the extension was to compensate for the closing of the season due to the dryness of the woods and the danger of forest fires. The ban was lifted yesterday. The pheasant season will close to- day as scheduled originally. A flve-day extension of the season for ducks, geese and other Emigratory fowl in the forest protection areas only and Marathon and Lincoln counties, was provided subject to approval of the Federal Wildlife service. The latter already has noti- fied the state conservation depart- ment that it will go along with the extension. Also extended is the trapping sea- jon on muskrat, mink and otter, wetj let only, from November 1 to 15. in North China where some of the best divisions left to Chiang Kai- shek are stationed, was reported paid no attention to his Democratic to have arrived In Nanking from Pelping for emergency conferences. brand them, "mud-slinging." will be litigated. year ending June 30, 1948, totaled while the Institution's income for the year amounted to of which or approximately one-fourth was derived from the State of Minneso- ta, according to a summary of the University's financial operations is- sued this week by W. T. Middlebrook, business vice-president. Other sources of University income were reported by Middlebrook as (follows: fees and receipts, 9.1773.59 including in stu- Democratic committee assign- ments in the House are arranged by the party's members of the Ways and Means Committee. Tradition Issue Almost without exception, chair- manships are decided on committee seniority; that is, on how long a man has been on the committee, rather than how long he has been In Congress, If tradition Is followed in his case, Dawson will be the first modern day Negro congressman to head an important regular com- mittee. He represents Illinois' first district, which has sent Negro mem- bers to Congress for many years. The only other present Negro House member is Representative Adam C, Powell, Jr., of New York who won re-election to his third term on the Democratic and American Labor party tickets. He ranks fifth dent tuition fees; service enterprises and revolving funds, the proceeds of a sale of certain I the permanent University' fund farm lands in Wisconsin go to a on June 30 1948) cousin, William C. Ruedlger, Wash- trust funds, mgton, D. C. Other Wisconsin farms intercollegiate athletics The expenditures committee has broad authority to look into all the executive of the government. Its jurisdiction covers any activity involving the spending of federal money. Under the chairmanship of Re- publican. Clare E. Hoffman of Michigan, this committee during 14 German War Chiefs Executed Mnnlch, Germany Four-, teen German war criminals were hanged at Landsberg prison today in a speed-up of executions. Oneji man won a last-minute reprieve. The men were convicted of kill Ing unarmed American filers committing atrocities In concentra tlon catnps. Today's executions brought to the number of men hanged sine the war crimes executions were re sumed at Landsberg October 1 The sending of 14 to the gallows Ir one day reflected the increase tempo. Previous executions, all o consecutive Fridays, had been Ir groups of nine or ten. German church leaders have pro tested the hangings, but the U. military government has refused t Sake action except in cases where President Truman holds rap for the benefit of the throng that turned out to greet him at St. Louis, Mo., a copy of the Chicago Dally Tribune published early election night -with the headline, "Dewey De- feats Truman." The President told the crowd "That is one for the At the left is Postmaster Bernard F. DicJonann of St. Louis- CA-P. WIrephotoJ 796.21. An additional rep- resented the free unencumbered bal- ance remaining from the previous year's operations. University income from the State of Minnesota, aggregating 720.16, consisted of: Legislative I maintenance appropriations of for the general support anc maintenance of the University anc of for the operation of the Duluth Branch; a Legislative ap- propriation of for specia projects administered and carried on by the University for the genera] 'benefit of the people of the state Tax Revenue Receipts in the amount of 916.17 from the mill tax, the I standing direct property tax for the general support of the University; from the so-called swamp iland fund, representing the Univer- 1 sty's share of income from a. fund the principal of which was derived from the sale of lands set aside by the state; the state's slare of the j cost of caring for indigent patients iin University Hospitals, 'and drawn from Legisla- tive appropriations for new build- ings for use in physical plant ex- tension. Heaviest outlay by the University during the period of the report was for operating and capital expenditures for the self- supporting service enterprise and revolving funds which produced an (Continued on Page 3, Column 5.) the past two years has probed the the Judge advocate has certifie State, Commerce, Justice and Ag-jthat new evidence warranted a re riculture departments, as well as the Federal Communications Commis- sion and housing agencies. Six to Be Added Among the nine hold-over Demo- crats on the Ways and Means com- mittee, with six to be added in line with the party's new majority sta- tus, four represent southern states where President Truman's antidis- crimination civil rights program provoked a storm of protest. They are Representatives Robert L. Doughton Jere Cooper Wilbur D. Mills (Ark) and A. Sidney Camp aU from states Mr. Truman carried easily despite the States' Bights upris- ing, A fifth member Is Representa- tive Noble 3. Gregory of border- state Kentucky, which also landed safely in the Truman column. The other four Democratic mem- bers of the committee actively sup- ported Mr. Truman's civil rights program. They are Representatives John D. Dingell Walter A, Lynch Alme J. Forand (RX) and Herman P. Eberharter House and chairmanships Senate committee will be heavily sprinkled with southerners in the 51st Congress. In the Senate, they will go to Texas, South Carolina, Arkansas, Tennessee, Oklahoma and Mary- and, among others. House chair- manships wiH Include representa- tion of both Carolinas, Virginia, Mississippi, Georgia and Tennes- :e. Tuesday's balloting handed the Democrats a 54-42 edge in the Sen- ate, and a 90-vote House margin. With all races finally settled, the (Continued on Page 9, Column 5.) CONGRESS SICHTSE E R_Ktar Fred- erick of Denmark Ions out win- dow of train M he arrives In -71.iondon for a visit Election Hero Draws Cheers Of Thousands Presidential Train Mobbed by Crowds Throughout Journey Washington President Truman, speaking from the front porch of the White House asked today for cooperation of all the people in dealing with the nation's problems. For himself, he pledged "to do the job to the best of my ability." Mr. Truman spoke to thousands massed about the executive man- sion. They and others like them had just given him a tumultous wel- come back to Washington and cheered him wildly on a triumphal ride up Pennsylvania avenue from Union Station. President Beams Ths happy President waved and beamed. But in his White House speech he said solemnly that the "Im- mensity of the job ahead makes a man wonder whether be is worthy of the great responsi- bility." He told his well-wishers he could not say how much he appreciated the warm and cordial welcome he received from the people of Wash- ington. "It is overwhelming. "Thank you from the bottom of my Floyd A. Truscott, assistant sup- erintendent of police, said at least persons "and probably more" turned out along the line of march. Policemen on the White House grounds thought people stood within the President's view. Barkley Boost The President told the crowd he would look forward to the coopera- tion of "the greatest vice-presi- dent a man ever Then he introduced Vlce-PresI- dent-EIect Barkley as "the president of the Senate." Barkley, after telling the Presi- dent it had been "a great plea- sure: to be associated with him In the campaign, declared that the election had proved one thing: "It is that the American people do their own thinking and their own voting on the day of election." Amid more laughter and cheera Barkley concluded: "I shall do everything to make is administration a success and advance the cause of peace throughout the world." A cheer went up from crowd surging around the sta- tion. "We want they chanted. When the train stopped, Alben Barkley, the new vice-president, clamored aboard. Mr. Truman beaming proudly, came out on the platform and greeted, his running-mate. Band Blares Members of the cabinet and other dignitaries hastily scrambled aboard. Some were accmpanled by their wives. The hand shaking- and con- gratulations went on for more than minutes, while the crowd yelled and the metropolitan police, band Blared away lustily. Als waiting at the platform were President William Green of the American Federation of Labor, and Senator J. Howard McGrath of abode Island, chairman of the Democratic National committee. (Continued on Pape 9, Column 5.) PRESIDENT WEATHER FEDERAL FOBCASTS Winona and vicinity: Rather windy with occasional drizzle early xralght. Colder tonight and Sat- urday with clearing skies Saturday. Low tonight 38; high Saturday 52. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 56; minimum, 51; noon, 5; precipitation, .96 of an Inch; sun sets tonight at sun rises omorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota and Wisconsin: Aver- age temperatures for period win from 2-5 degrees above nor- mal in Wisconsin to near normal in, western. Minnesota. Normal max- imum. 39 north 55 south. Normal minimum 22 north 33 south. Cooler onlght somewhat warmer around Tuesday. Night-time temperatures aove normal through most of per- iod. Precipitation will average round three to six tenths inch north to two tenths Inch or less south portion. Occasional light rain onight and Saturday probably con- tinuing in northeast portion Sun- ay. Otherwise generally fair except cattered light rains north portion round Tuesday night or Wednes- day. Additional weather on page 3. ;