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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 3, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Continued Cold Tonight, Warmer Tuesday VOLUME 52, NO. 220 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 3, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES Record 55 Million to Vote Tuesday Ike Winding Up Campaign in Boston Tonight Korean War Seems Outstanding Issue Of Long Debate By RELMAN MORIN EN ROUTE TO BOSTON WITH EISENHOWER Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower comes to the end of the campaign trail tonight, mak- ing his last great bid for the most powerful elective office in the world, the presidency the United States. He chose Boston, a city rich in the traditions of early America, as the site for his final effort. The approach of zero-hour found the Korean the problem of war and survival generally the over-riding issue of the cam- paign. Eisenhower has gone on record with the belief that South Korean soldiers can be trained in sufficient numbers to permit American divi- sions to be withdrawn to rear areas, and held in reserve. He says he would push such a program if he is elected. Promises Trip Implementing this, the general promised to go to Korea himself, if he becomes president, to study the problem at first hand. At the sarae time, be has fired some of his heaviest broadsides at President Truman's government, charging it with responsibility for conditions that permitted the Ko- rean fighting to start, and with having failed to build a South Korean Army capable of taking over its front lines in the 29 months since the war started. At the llth hour, Truman joined the fray on this same critical point. He de-classified a Depart- ment of Defense document of Sep- tember, 1947. Signed by the late Secretary of Defense James For- restal, it quoted a report from the Joint Chiefs of Staff and said they considered that from the standpoint of military security, the U. S. had "little interest" in maintaining its troops and bases in Korea. Eisenhower was Army chief of staff at the time and the President has claimed that he bears part of the responsibility for the decision to pull American forces off the peninsula. Completes Circle Eisenhower's answer has been that the political decision to with- draw came two years after the report of the joint chiefs, namely in 1949. In returning to New England, Eisenhower is completing a circle. Nearly eight months ago, while he was still in Europe, his backers entered him in the nation's first primary election in New Hamp- (Continued on Page 11, Column 6) EISENHOWER Fairmont Garage Swept by Fire; Loss FAIRMONT, Minn. W- Fire early today swept through this Park Motor Co. garage in Fair- mont causing damage esti- mated by a company official at Several cars and the firm's tow truck -were destroyed and several new automobiles stored in the basement were dam- aged. Loss in parts alone was estimated at The firm, a Ford dealer, maintained a large parts distribution depart- ment. Fire Chief Clayton Evanscn said the fire started in the southwest corner of the build- ing near the paint shop. Firemen answered the alarm at a. m. The blaze was believed to have been extin- guished when it broke out again in the ceiling. It was the second fire here in a few hours. Sunday evening flames gutted the Styles Dis- tributing Co, warehouse, caus- ing damage estimated at TODAY Good Weather Seen For Election Day WASHINGTON an Generally fair a sign of a big predicted by the Weather Bureau today for Tues- day's balloting. The special forecast: "Generally fair weather is ex- pected over most of the nation on election day. "Only a few sections will have threatening weather conditions. These sections are restricted to extreme Southern Florida, the mountains of Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado and in the Far Northwest along the coasts of Washington and Northern Oregon where showers are indicated. "A few snow flurries are also predicted for the mountains in Western Montana. "Seasonable temperatures are expected to prevail throughout the South and the West while the Northeast will experience cooler weather." Milwaukee Fire Loss Estimated at MILWAUKEE A fire damaged a South Side business building Sunday with the loss plac- ed at An invalid woman, a resident of an apartment on the second floor of the building, was carried to safety by her husband. No cause was listed for the blaze. Parties Can Be Proud of Ike, Adlai By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The tumult and shoving are all but over (Thank For the last three months, these reporters have tried to cov- er the presidential campaign fact- ually and impartially. At this junc- ture, however, they may perhaps be allowed a personal judgment of the campaign's re- sults as these results appear to them. In casting up the final balance sheet, the first thing that stands out is Gen. Eisenhower's perform- ance as Republican candidate. Here, after all, was a great mili- tary leader drawn into politics by false assurances that he would be nominated and elected by accla- mation. Here was a general re- quired to cast off his uniform, which for generals is often as pain- ful as losing their shells is for lobsters. Here was a man sudden- ly and unexpectedly called upon to transform himself by main force, under the eye of a critical nation, into a national political leader. Masters New Role In these circumstances, as one looks back, it was idiotic to sup- pose that Gen. Eisenhower would make no doubtful decisions as to tactics and issues. One might al- most say it was miraculous that Gen. Eisenhower, beset as he was by every sort of pressure, beseiged as he was by the most insane con- flict of advice, ended by master- ing his new role so well. This is the only honest test by which Eis- enhower's performance can be judged. Gen. Eisenhower has not mere- ly transformed himself into Mr. Eisenhower, the presidential can- didate whose quality of human warmth almost seems to glow like an element in a poster. Gen. Eis- enhower has not only learned-by- doing (anc sometimes at sore cost) all the ugly intricacies of Ameri- can party politics, which any na- tional leader has to know about. Above all, Gen. Eisenhower has gained the experience and self-con- fidence to be himself as Mr. Eisen- hower. The Eisenhower who spoke in New York Thursday and Chicago Friday was the long-awaited for, authentic .and recognizable civilian version, big in stature, powerful in utterance, of the military Eisen- hower who first captured the coun- try's imagination and affection. This is the truly important and significant final outcome of Eisen- hower's campaign. This very fact suggests that Eis- enhower will be able to guide his party and lead the country in ac- cordance with his own outlook and principles, instead of yielding to the Republican factions who have sought to surround and hamstring him. At this point in the balance sheet, one must also set down an- other fact that is vital although somewhat negative. It is not only hopeful that Gen. Eisenhower promises to be able to remold the Republican Party in bis own im- age if elected. One must also con- sider the grave danger that Eisen- hower's defeat will leave the Re- publican Party at the mercy of its own worst elements. The neuroses which 20 years of (Continued on Page IT, Column 7) ALSOPS Stevenson Will Make Last Plea From Chicago Truman, Barkley, Sparkman Also On Last Program By DON WHITEHEAD SPRINGFIELD, 111. W) Op- timism outweighed all the doubts in Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson's camp today as he carefully penned his perhaps most dramatic- appeal to the voters before tomor- row's presidential election. This speech will be delivered to- night from Chicago .in a national radio-television program featuring the Democratic candidate, Presi- dent Truman, Vice President Bar- kley and Sen. John S. Sparkman of Alabama, the Democratic vice presidential nominee. Stevenson worked in his office at the Executive Mansion and even I his own lieutenants said they didn't j know what he .was going to say. To Vote at' Half Day The candidate was due to leave here by plane late today for Chica- j go. He will spend the night there, cast his vote tomorrow in the little town of Half Day, 111., and then return to Springfield. Wilson Wyatt, Stevenson's cam- paign manager, predicted last night the Democratic nominee will win at least 400 electoral votes and carry at least 32 of the 48 states. It takes 268 electoral votes to elect. Privately, there were others in the headquarters who did not share the Wyatt they saw a much closer race even though most of them were confident of a victory. The general feeling was Steven- son had come up fast in the last few days, had closed the gap and even overtaken Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower with this last-minute spurt. Stevenson gave another .indica- tion last night that he regards the Korean War as one of the major issues. He struck out at Eisen- hower's proposals on Korea as car- rying the risk of a third world designed to "separate us from our allies." In a statement, he disclosed that a group of 15 war correspondents in Korea had sent telegrams to him and to Eisenhower warning against any withdrawal of Amer- ican troops from the front-line fighting. No Comment He quoted this group as saying, "Gen. Van Fleet himself has told us repeatedly that as long as the Chinese are in the war, the South Koreans are incapable of manning the. front lines alone." In New York, Eisenhower had no comment. His press secretary, James C. Hagerty, said: "Since when are 15 out of 167 (Continued on Page 11, Column 3} STEVENSON Fire And Smoke-Choked Debris was all that remained of the W. E. Thomas Lumber Co. warehouse at Lewiston when this pic- ture was taken at 3 a.m. today. Volunteer firemen at the right ars attempting to save what remained of the company's office. At left rear other firemen direct a stream of water into the charred building. Persons standing in the foreground were spectators. (Republican-Herald photo) Red Mortar Fire Stops Attacks Of S. Koreans By MILO FARNETI SEOUL, Korea Chi- nese mortar fire cut to bits and stopped cold a series of heroic LEWISTON, Minn. spectacular fire of undetermined Smith Korean attacks today on i origin destroyed the new warehouse of the W. E. Thomas Lumber Co. boutn Aorean auacKs waay ua! j V _ _ Lewiston Lumber Yard Destroyed, Wind Saves Town Rioting Ohio Convict Killed, Three Wounded COLUMBUS, 0. Wl-State high- way patrolmen shot and killed a rioting convict at Ohio penitentiary today during a steady shotgun bar- rage that wounded three other con- bloody Triangle Hill. At least four times the ROKs stormed the crest. Dug-in Chinese stood them off with pin-pointed mortar fire and showers of hand grenades. Big U.N, guns literally blew the top off Triangle and saturated Bed positions in a valley to the north. The barrage disrupted the Chinese artillery batteries, but it couldn't suppress the lighter, more accurate early today and gravely threatened downtown James O'Brien, manager of the company, said the loss would prisoners at bay in four battered "nnccihiv im tn S7S nnn." He said the structure was insured. be "possibly up to He said the Fire departments from four communities were mobilized in the early hours to battle the blaze in 22- by 180-foot structure. A breeze from the northwest was credited by Gus Obitz, Lewiston fire chief, with saving the entire downtown area. Flames and sparks from the blaze were blown away from the crowded business area mortars nor rout Red troops I across the main street, but heat from their holes and tunnels.- was so intense that a plate glass display window m the Nussloch Son Hardware Store was cracked. The store is approximately 100 feet Savage fighting on the Central Front hill mass continued until cellblocks. Warden Ralph W. Alvis identi- fied the dead man as Carlyle Noel, 30, of Hailton County Army Asks 48, For January Draft WASHINGTON Army to- day issued a draft call for men in January. It is the highest monthly call since last January when men were inducted. The new call brings to j bombardment over a distant hill. Others Will Stay at Home Women Outnumber Men on Registered Voter Lists By GARDNER BRIDGE Associated Stiff The long campaign trials end on a big question mark today and the great political spotlight swings to- morrow to the most ardently wooed people on earth the American voters. It will be up to them to decide whether they want Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower or Demo- crat Adlai E. Stevenson to guide the nation for the next four years. Both presidential nominees and their running mates, Sen. John J. Sparkman, Democrat, and Sen. Richard M. Nixon, Republican, will close out the campaign tonight with a final appeal for votes over nation-wide radio and television hookups (11 p.m. Stevenson and Sparkman will speak from Chicago; Eisenhower and Nixon from Boston. To Elect New House In addition to a president and vice president, an estimated 55 mil- lion or more voters tomorrow will elect 432 members of the House Representatives, 34 senators, 29 governors, numerous other state and local officers, and will pass judgment on a wide variety referenda. Maine, voting in September, al- ready has elected a governor, senator and three House members, all Republicans. There are persons eli- gible to vote but on tie basis of. past performance it is 'expected that approximately 20 million of them will not do so. But like the outcome of the elec- tion itself, nobody seems too sura about this. All indications point to a record outpouring of ballots, sur- passing by far the rolled up in the Roosevelt-Willkie contest of 1940, and this one of the unknown quantities that has political pro- nostieators puzzled. Forecasts of fair and mild wea- ther over most of the nation to- morrow should help raise the turn- out. Eisenhower and Stevenson, reluc- tant prospects for the nation's highest office last spring, proved to be two of the "fightingest" can- didates in decades once the battle was joined. serving years for housebreak- Easy Start jng. I Sparring lightly at first, like two He said Noel was shot in the j boxers feeling each other out, they head at a. m. Three other convicts were wounded earlier to- day. A fourth was shot Sunday. Outside the prison, the dull booming of the state highway pa- trolmen's riot guns sounded like a j 1 -.LI- T-, J I. U' J-llG SLU.LC IS new tail LU j dusk with the Reds.holding grimly directly across the street and up-1 the total number drafted, or ear-1 The cellblocks G, H, I and K. trt t'nA TlTl7An flPflK .__ n i i Dnltfnn I Akr4 to the prized peak. Switch To Ike in Cities By KENNETH FINK Director, Princeton Research Service PRINCETON, N. shift of votes to Eisenhower in some of the urban centers is evidencing itself in our late polling throughout the country. This may be a significant llth-hour development, for the greatest strength of the Democratic party has been in the big cities. Both presidential candidates have been concentrating most wind. No other firms on the north side of the main street'were clam- aged. Cattle Roam Destruction and damage was lim- ited to the lumber company proper and the Lewiston Stock Yards to the south. The yards were scorch- ed. Several "score" of cattle were released. None was destroyed. The Emil .Gremelsbach Son livestock office 40 feet west of the lumber company was saved by firemen who poured water over the building. A service station operated by James Hruska 40 feet east of the new lumber company warehouse also was saved, al- marked for induction, since Selec- tive Service was resumed in Sep- tember, 1950. The monthly average for 29 months has been The calls reached a peak of in January, February and March, 1951, but dropped to only Pelting Lead Only this line of pelting lead kept screaming convicts from charging the 21 patrolmen locked inside the cellblocks with them. gradually stepped up the tempo until the campaign took on the as- pects of a free-for-all slugfest, with Truman and T.aft, Nixon and Sparkman, McCarthy and Marse, Dewey and Barkley and all the other partisans flailing away around them. Korea, Communism and corrup- tion in government, peace and prosperity were the dominant is- sues. "You never had it so good Occasionally one of the madden-1 don't let them take it away from ed men tried to reach a stairway said the Democrats, at the end of the hall. Then the "It's time for a last June. The recent draft calls criss-cross fire lowered and probed j is too long for one party to stay in have! at the sneaking, running figure, said the Republicans. all been for the Army. though of their efforts in big cities in the I last few weeks. I Results of new state-wide polls concentration of union labor mem- bers, has 20 electoral votes this two states claimed by both parties may also be significant year, one more than in 1948. Offi- election eve straws-in-the-wind. cials of both CIO and AFL have The Princeton Research Service completed one of these polls in California Saturday night. Cali- fornia has 32 electoral votes this year, an increase of seven since 1948, when Truman carried it by a margin of four-tenths of one per cent. Askng a cross-section of Cali- fornia voters, "Which of the two major candidates, Stevenson or Eisenhower, do you personally favor for we found the following result: Eisenhower .....50.4 per cent Stevenson 49.6 per cent The figures in our state-wide poll in California reported Oct. 26 were: Eisenhower 49 per cent, Stevenson 48 per cent, "Undecided 3 per cent. Michigan which has a heavy been using all their influence to get out votes for Stevenson. Our poll Saturday in Michigan showed Eisenhower leading there by a margin of 2 per cent. The result was: -Eisenhower 51 per cent, Stevenson 49 per cent. In our state-wide poll' in Michi- gan reported Oct. 26, the figures were: Eisenhower 49.7 per cent, Stevenson 48 per cent, Undecided 2.3 per cent. It must' be kept in mind that these figures represent sentiment Saturday night. Eleventh hour shifts can affect the results in either or both states Past experience shows some persons keep changing their minds right'up to the time they go to the polls. firemen removed office. i stocK The warehouse of the lumber firm and its entire lumber stock were destroyed. The office, badly damaged, was saved. All office rec- ords and the company's stocks of paint were saved. Manager O'Brien said this morning, "From all we can tell, the fire started approxi- mately in the center of the building where lumber and building materials were stored." He said the alarm was given by two Dakota, Minn., youths who were driving toward Winona from Rochester on Highway 14. They were Robert and Carl Gittins. Ro- bert is a student at Winona State Teachers College. Blow Horn for Alarm The Gittins youths were quoted as saying they saw what appeared to be a grass fire in the distance and drove into Lewiston to investi- gate. The time, they said, was a.m. The youths said they blew their (Continued on Page 3, Column 7) FIRE Mother Bathing Child Faints, Baby Drowns NEW YORK Ada Reilly fainted today while bathing her 10-month-old daughter, Margaret, in the kitchen sink. When she came to, the baby had drowned. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and continued rather cold tonight. Tuesday fair and warmer, light humidity continuing. Low tonight 38, high Tuesday afternoon 62. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 67; minimum, 38; noon, 54; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 58; minimum, 29; noon, 39; precipitation, Trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wis. Central Observations) Maximum temperature 57 at p, m. Sunday; minimum 27 at 7 a. m. today. Clouds thin and scat- tered at feet; visibility 15 miles; wind northwest at 6 miles per hour; humidity 53 per cent; barometer 30.45. There was no indication when prison guards, state highway pa- trolmen and 400 Ohio National Guard soldiers will be able to bring an end to the 60-hour, mil- lion-dollar food riot Halloween afternoon. that began The convicts are rioting inside their cellblocks because locks on individual cells have been broken off. The thin line of pa- trolmen are inside the locked cell- blocks with them, with only their riot glins preventing a mass attack. Warden Alvis said the had no spokesmen. He said his officers had no chance to talk to the men because they couldn't get to them at the present time. Construction Gangs Outside, construction gangs al- ready have begun tearing down the four buildings burned in the Hallo- ween rebellion by convicts who brandished all manner of makeshift weapons from meat cleavers to sharpened spoons. Non-rioting prisoners are not working except in the power house, hospital and dining rooms. The warden said the situation has been tense ever since the Hal- loween riots and fires that re- sulted in hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage to the 117- year-old prison near downtown Columbus. 'Alvis told newsmen late Sunday night at a news conference: "We have never had complete of these men since the riot The situation is very tense." Trumanism, taxes, the cost of living, foreign policy and prosper- ity, farm prices, the Taft-Hartley Act aud civil rights all were batted around in the two months of stren- uous whistle-stopping and aerial electioneering. Both presidential candidates were accused of being and both hotly denied it. Eisenhower was pictured by opposition spea- kers as the "captive" of Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio and the Republican "Old Steven- son was depicted as the "captive" of President Truman's "Fair Deal" regime. Harry S. Truman, the first President who wasn't seeking re- election since Calvin Coolidge did not choose to run in -1928, cam- paigned just as hard for the Demo- cratic ticket as if he were on it. He obviously relished it, telling one of his final whistle stop crowds: Hates to Quit "I kinda hate to give it up." Both Gen. Eisenhower, the hera of the Normandy Beach invasion of World War II, and .Stevenson, the urbane and witty governor of Illinois, were outwardly confident of victory as they prepared to set- tle back and await the verdict- Eisenhower in New York and Ste- venson in Springfield, DL But the professional politician! (Continued on 9, Column 1) VOTERS Vote Tuesday, then hear election returns on KWNO ;