Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 3, 1947, Winona, Minnesota
You Still Have Time to Vote for Swimming Pool-Polls Open Until 8 P. M. W EATH'ER I'urllr cloudy lonlithi nd TiiMdnyl Illlln y OTE FOR Swimming Pool Project Today Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 47. NO. 219 WINONA. MINNESOTA. MONDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 3. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Fled Death Plot, Mikolajczyk Says Fight Seen on Aid-to-Europe Program Continued Tax Levels, Controls Urged Economic Report Expected to Draw Republican Fire By Slcrllne F. Orccn Tru- man's probable program for helping Europe while fighting prices nt home emerged today in a pattern likely to crash Into Republican op- position on several fronts. Continued high taxes, strong anti-inflation controls and "out- right gifts" abroad all wore urged by the President's council of eco- nomic advisers. And all seemed certain to provoke sharp outcrys from many O.O.P. legislators. In a weekend report to Mr. Tru- mtin on whnt this country can do to carry out Secretary of State Marshall's plan of helping Europe help ItMlf. tho council said tho United Is well able to finance 1U dharo of tho pro- Nroded But tho advisory group cautioned thnt the Inflationary risk involved will require government allocation of somo scarce foods and other goods, controls over speculation, new credit curbs and If those fnll powlbly somo form of price Several Republicans nlrondy hud criticized Mr. Truman's emphasis on high prices in his call for tho November 17 npce.Inl nowilon, nncl Carroll Hoecn, chairman of tho Re- publican national committee looKnd n fresh bladt almost simultaneously wlih tho council's report. The O.O.P. chairman contended that in giving anti-Inflation action If not preferred priority over foreign relief, tho President is "again seeking to disclaim ro- xponnlbility for tho evils made in- evitable by tho policies of his own Admlnstratlon." Ho Haiti Mr. Tru- man hud previously awurod O.O.P. leaders that foreign aid would be the primary. If not tho solo purpose of any special session. KncUion Plnn.1 Hit And tho oconomtc council's em- phatic call for continued high taxes, us a meaai of helping Europe and simultaneously reducing tho na- tional debt, ran squarely athwart new tax-cutting plans announced by Representative Harold Knutaon Knutson reported that ho will have a Income tax reduction bill rondy for submission "nt high noon November hour that Congress convenes. Tho Mlnnesotnn is chairman of tho Houfio ways and means committee and author of twice-vetoed tax In the last se.vlon. Meanwhile It was loarnod that administration probably will ask Congress to provide Europe with more than In the form of glftn during thn first your of thn Marshall plun, In addition to repayable loans. 00 Per Cent Free Gift There seemingly Is agreement among both American and European officials that perhaps CO per cent of next year's aid under tho Mar- shall program should bo furnished without asking repayment, Tho ad- ministration Is expected to seek between and In next year, as tho first .itep In the four-year recovery drive of 1C western European na- tions. Senator Arthur Capper declared that "Tho people of tho United States, not tho government (Continued on PIIKP 11, Column 1) FIGHT Planes Rushing Relief to Peru Lima, Peru Planes bearing nurses, medicine and food were dis- patched today to stricken areas in the mountains of Peru, where an earthquake shattered the peace of All Salnt-t day Saturday, killing at least JO persons and reportedly de- molishing two Ancles towns. Government officials said bod weather and quake-ruined runways had prevented planes from landing in the affected but added that If landings weru still Impossible to- day supplies would bo parachuted. Poor communications from the Isolated mountain area where tho .quako struck obscured details of tho damage, but official dispatches said San Ramon and neighboring La Merced, both about 130 mllc.'i north- east of Lima had been "totally de- stroyed." Euch town has a popu- lation of about Reports Indicated that tho heavi- est loss of life was at Atlpo, 105 miles eiuit of Limn, whrre fllnpatches nnlcl at leant 40 hud boon killed and many injured. The shocks, said to be the severest In the mountain region east of Li- ma, were felt G50 miles northeast of iqultos and 200 miles southeast of Ayacucho. Heavy Evening Vote on British Labor Swimming Pool Urged Party Loses W T _ With five of the 13 voting hours elapsed only .approximately five per cent of tho 0.350 eligible Winona voters had cast their ballots in the swimming pool referendum at noon today. Citizens were urged to go to their respective polling places and in- dicate whether they want the city to construct an outdoor swimming pool. Polls -will remain open until 3 o'clock tonight. If n voter does not know his precinct and ward a check with the list' of polling places, published on page two of Saturday's Republican-Herald, will rovoal this Information, or the In- formation mny be secured by call- ing the city recorder. That only approximately five per cent of tho voters had cast ballots at noon today was revealed In a spot check of a precinct In each of the four city wards. The result: First Wmrd In the fourth precinct (Madison where 656 are registered, 37 had voted. Second tho third precinct (community room of tho city where 731 arc registered, 34 had voted. Third tho second precinct (St. Martin's Lutheran where 092 arc register- ed, 38 had voted. Fourth the first precinct (East End lire where 479 arc registered, 25 had voted. Hughes' Flying Boat Passes First Airborne Test at Long Beach Churchill, Woolton Call for General National Election London (tf1) Britain's major party leaders rallied their forces for a new period of intense poll- tical activity today as they took Judge's and clci'ks universally de-j stock of returns from Saturday's scribed the voting up to noon as municjpai elections, which observ- ved is the of all leanings ag> ted had I re- question whether tho city shall have suited in a setback for the ruling the authority to Issue up to labor party. In bonds to finance the construc- tion of an outdoor swimming pool _ on ,_ __ _____ is a swimmlng pool. Eisler, Parker at Reception For 19 Subpoenaed Writers New York The House committee on un-American ac- tivities was assailed by ten speakers at a reception given yesterday by the Civil Rights Congress In honor of 19 subpoenaed Hollywood directors and actors. Twelve of the 10 wire present, Including six of the ten sub- poenaed witnesses who were cltad for contempt of Congress bcr.ause of their refusal to answer some of the committee's questions during the In U. S. Reds Hail Cominform, But WillNot.Join New The Communist party of the United States says It has decided not to affiliate with the new Cominform at Belgrade, for fear such action would be seized upon by "reactionary nnd pro-fas- cist forces" in this country "as a pretext for new provocations and repressions." Tho American Communist party, however, approves strongly of the announced purposes of the Comin- form. an information bureau sot up By tho Communist parties of nine European countries, an official party statement declared yesterday. 'Could Catue Kepreuions' Announcement of the decision of the national board of the party against affiliation, issued by Na- tional Chairman Z. Foster and General Secretary Eugene Den- nis, said: "Tho reactionary and pro-fascist forces now whipping up anticom- munlst hysteria and war Incitement In our country would undoubtedly upon such action (affiliation) by tho American Communist party us a pretext for new provocations and repressions against the com- munists and all other sections of tho American labor and progressive Foster and Dennis said the party In this country will "continue to promote tho international solidarity of labor and all anti-fascists and anti-imperialists" and "especially the friendship of tho American and Soviet peoples." Tho communist leaders said crea- tion of the Cominform OS "a me- of VtllA VLJ-lOUl k. Wiiuj MVV _- doxlrablo, coordinate activity, has P- heartcned anti-fascists, antt-lmne- rlallsts and lovers of peace In every land." vostlga.lon of alleged communism in Hollywood. Also among the 400 persons pres- ent, at the Park Central hotel were Gerhar'dySifteri-who -Has House the ;No. 1 communist In 'America, and his wife. Eislcr, under convic- tion for passport fraud and con- tempt of Congress, Is free In bail pending appeal. He Is a brother of Harins Eislor, Hollywood composer. Writer Dorothy Parker said that when she viewed a committee ses- sion last week it was "Incredibly hideous, as though the Gestapo were there, and Fascism was there." Albert Maltz, a writer and one of the ten cited, committee Is attempting to get Hollywood pro- ducers to pledge what type of pic- tures they will or will not make, and what people they will or will not hire. Ho said 'tho committee seeks the right'to "burn films" a right Returns from the 388 boroughs in England nad Wales which voted for municipal councllmen gave the con- servatives a net gain of 621 council seats, while Labor sustained a net loss of 652. Labor party leaders frankly ad- mitted that thp outcome was "dis- and Conservatives ac- claimed the result as a sharp swing to the right which showed the handwriting on the wall. Even the staunchest Conservative organs, however, refrained today from backing editorially tho de- mands of Winston Churchill and Conservative Party Chairman Lord Woolton for a national election to throw the Labor government out. The wartime prime minister last night proclaimed that "tho result deprives tho socialist (Labor) gov- ernment of any mandate they ob- tained at the In speed. Churchill Speaks he declared, 'they will govern without the moral support and against the will of the people." Lord Woolton said that tho elec- tions showed that "the voters of tho country have no confidence In the government." "I believe the government should recognize this fact, should recognize that tho House of Commons no longer represents the political con- victions of democracy, and should sock he said. While opinions on the signific- ance of the conservative gains were divided, most observers expressed the opinion that the voting reflected growing public discontent with the right to ourn iiima u, j.uuui, which he declared would end ovon- shortages and tuttUy m the "right to burn the peo- plo who made the films." Thunder jet Plane Can Fire at Sonic Speeds MP) The Unitco. Statoa air force today has P-84 tnilmont of the historic powers of Thundcrjct fighter pianos capable the House of Lords, of going into action with heavy flro power while flying at almost sonic ed by reduction In the bacon ration to one ounce a week and the elim- ination of gasoline allowances for nonessential motoring. Labor party spokesmen minim- ized tho Importance of tho voting and made plain the government had no Intention of altering Its legisla- tive program for the coming which Includes further natlonal- of vital industries and cur- May Block LorclH nil! Conservatives, on the other hand, took heart from their successes and nnnnTnn dlum through which those parties the U.S.A.F. said, 70000 'rouns can consult? and, if they deem it were fired from the six guns of a The TJ S A F announced that tests some the Con conducted'at the Farmlngdale, L. I., servntivc Daily Telegraph ex- plant of tho Republic Aviation Cor-pressed belief they had a good poration show that the P-84's are j chance of blocking the measure to "now fullv ciuallflcd for operational I trim the authority of the lords. Lord Woolton's demand for a new election was ridiculed by Morgan Phillips, secretary of the Labor party, who declared thnt only a major defeat in the House of Com- labor holds 395 of the 640 seats could bring about a service. In the Farmlngdalo firing tests, the U.S.A.F. said, -----J- speecuTin excess of COO miles per hour." change. Provlnr Its Practicability as a mass rescue unit, the plascckl HP-1 helicopter hovers over the demon- BraKStSS at Morton five men climb toward its cargo door 40 feet above The, giant air- crtSt has been accepted by tho navy for use In rapid rescue operations. (International Souudphoto.) Knutson Tax Cut Bill To Be Ready Nov. 17 By Francis M. temay Washington Brushine aside a recommendation by President Truman's economic council that taxes be held they are to help Europe, Representative Harold Knutson (R.- announced today a tax-slashing bill will be ready "at high noon November 17." That Is the day Congress meets in special session at Mr. xru- man's cnJl to consider abroad and inflation curbs at home. Knutson, chairman of the Housej ways and means committee and Re- publican manager of tax legislation, voiced hope the tax cut will be pass- ed ahead of any measure. "I'm afraid the President's ad- visory committee Is us badly con- fused as he the lawmaker said. Mr. Truman's economic council re- ported Saturday that, with present tax rates and partial readoption of wartime inflation controls, tbe United States can help Europe and at the same time reduce the national debt. Not Deter Us' Said Knutson: "The council's recommendation, to the contrary notwithstanding, will in no way deter us from going ahead in our fight to taxpayer relief." give the harassed Kentucky Race Of Top Inieirest In Off-Year Voting By The Associated PrcM Voters tomorrow will elect a Mississippi senator, s. Kentucky governor, representatives for Ohio, Indiana, and New York districts and mayors for several score cities. Including Philadelphia, San Fran, clsco, Cleveland and Detroit. The off-year state and municipal elections are largely local In char- acter and politicians foresee few "trends" that will stand as guide- posts for 1948. Kentucky Holds Top Prom a national viewpoint, the .xpayer rcum. ..-..i------. The new bill will be a "two-phase Kentucky gubernatorial race holds wmitjinn- snirt. nmbodvlnE Howard Hughes' flying boat, largest In the world, floats in the water for the. oft Long Beach, Calif., after being taken from a nearby graving dock. In background ofl_ the is the cargo ship Sante Plavia with 450 tons of dynamite aboard, which brought protest to harbor authori- ties. (A.P. Lone Beach, Calif. Howard Hushes" flying lumber- yard has tested its wings, and they work. Acting on impulse, the million- aire sportsman film producer planemaker-tool manufacturer took the pound plywood giant aloft yesterday at the end of what he earlier had announced would be a mere taxiing test. The dark haired 43 year old Hughes had made two taxi runs over tho choppy surfaco of Los Angeles-Long Beach harbor while a throng of thousands ohed and ahed over the plywood- boat's immensity. Then, on the third run, after Its eight horsepower engines had speeded it to about 100 miles an hour, Hughes eased back on the hydraulic controls, and the monster was airborne. "The buoyancy felt so good that I deckled toj take it Hughes grinned at an informal press con- ference immediately afterward. Flew at 70 Feet Some 30 of Hughes' aides tech- nicians, engineers and observers were aboard the plane, largest ever made, on its maiden flight. In the co-pilot's seat was Dave Grant, Los Angeles, Hughes' chief hydraulic en- gineer. An observer for the Civil Aeronautics administration nlso was aboard. Hughes said he Is "thoroughly satisfied" with the performance of the craft, which flew approximately a mile at a maximum height of about 70 feet. Earlier in the day he told a news conference that he couldn't be certain that his great craft, 219 feet Jong and with n. wing span of 320 feet, would fly at nil. "No one can ever be certain that an experimental plane will he said, Hughes, normally n- taciturn man, was fairly happlncw from his pores when he talked wif.li now.smen after the hop. "I was very, very happy over the way the controls he said. "I think the airplane Is going to be fairly successful." Inquiry Set for Wednesday He reported that at the takeoff his engines were turning over at revolutions per minute, and at the landing he throttled down to about "She settled like a he said. The hydraulic controls, on which Hughes and his aides have spent much time, provide about 200 times the force which can be exerted by a .strong man, lie fiiiid. Hughes for some reason had dls- carclcci his famous "luck hat" which he always has worn when testing planes. He wore a brown snap-brim model, sports Jacket, light slacks nnd n, white sports short open at the throat. When the ship was flown, a Sen- ate committee was preparing to resume its inquiry Wednesday into Hughes' war contracts, an Investiga- tion in which the sky Goliath was a central figure. In Washington. Senator Owen Brewstcr said, when apprised of the success- ful hop: "Nothing could be more gratifying than to have it a grand success." High Tides Recede From Carolina Coast Charleston, S. C. Ab- normally high tides were reced- ing nnd accompanying heavy winds were losing much of Ihclr force early today nftcr causing thousands of dollars In property damage .along the coastline of the Carolinas and Virginia. The destructive high tide, its cause possibly related to an cartliqimkc that killed :it 50 persons In Peru Saturday, reached a height of nine feet, two inches at Charleston yester- day, flooding many lowlyinp sec- tions of this historic port city. Charleston's normal tide is about five feet. tax Knutson said, embodying because of Democratic nation-wide application of tho com- nrownt Rc- munlty property laws under which efforts to unseat the Present husbands and wives arc permitted publican ndmmistratlon. The canai- to split their income equally for tax dates arc U. S. Representative Earle reporting purposes. By holding the C. Clements, Democrat and State Income in lower brackets, this re-1 Attorney General Eldon S. Dummit suits In a saving on tax bills. Simeon S. Willis, the new Knutson measure would apply a.O.P. Incumbent, Is inellglblo to the community property principle succeed himself. In Mississippi six candidates arc itiontLiiy J.IL Knutson said that since this would vying for the Senate seat of the momnnc ttrtt.h in- into Theodore G. Bilbo. These m- benefit principally persons with in- comes'from to flat percentage reductions in those In- come levels would be adjusted to make the over-all savings about aqual to the original G.O.P. tax-out proposals. Mr. Truman twice used his veto earlier this year to kill a Republi- can-backed tax cut. These measures would have eased income levies by 30 per cent in the lowest brackets, 20 per cent for mid- oUe incomes and 10.5 per cent for any Income over late Theodore G. Bilbo. These In- clude two TJ. S. representatives, Wil- liam M. Colmer and John E. Ran- kin. Special congressional elections are being held In the 14th New York, fourth Ohio, and tenth Indi- ana districts. The vacancies arose from the appointments of Repre- sentative Rayfleld (D.-N. Y.) to the bench and Representative Jones (R.-Ohio) to the Federal Com- munications commission, death of Representative and the Springer Polish Leader Arrives in Great Britain Peasant Politician Noncommittal on Plans for Future Death Plot BULLETIN London Stanislaw Ml- Mid tonitht he fled Poland through, tbe Rnssian zone of Germany to the British area, after learnlnr that the Moscow-sponsored Polish (ov- ernment planned to sentence him and at least two other Po- lish Peasant party officiate to death. The Polish opposition leader reached the promised sanctuary Great Britain In an R.A_F. plane, two weeks after dropping from sight i Poland. "I got the news on the day of the opening of parliament that im- munity would be taken away from Mikolajczyk told an Interviewer at Ills wife's home In suburban [_ondon. "I knew also they had In advance with a military court to sentence us to death." The stocky, 46-year-old Polish Peasant party leader, who headed. Jio Polish government In exile during tho occupation, kissed wife's hand after walking into her house. Would Cause Bloodshed "After I got the news they going to arrest us I made a decision, to go awny because, after all. they, would sentence us to death and our people would try to avenge us and lause unnecessary Ml- kolajczyk said. Mikolajczyk refused to say wheth- er he planned to form an anti-So- viet bloc outside of Poland or whether he intends to remain In Britain or go to the United He said that ho had been out of touch with tho news and- had Immediate, plans for He .landed from: :m> Manston, ftn Mikolajczyk said he left on October 20, crossing the coon- try's western frontier Into Oo-_ vlct zone of Germany, and went on. to the British zone of Germany., He declined to disclose point- where ho found safety there. "I first felt safe last Saturday." the day of his arrival In the JBrttUn.. zone, he said. He said the British had known of his whereabouts since his In their zone. ____ Asked if other safe he replied, "No comment." Craft Not Identified Christopher Mayhew, under retaiy of state for foreign affairs. told n cheering House of Commona the plane carrying the 48-year-old leader of the Polish Peasant party had landed nt Manston southeast of London. In Kent cotm- (Continned on Pace IS. Column 1) DEATH PLOT Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS For Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday. Little change In temperature. Low to- night 44; high Tuesday SO. Minnesota occasionally light rain or drizzle west tonight and southwest Tuesday. Consider- able fog near Duluth, little change in temperature. cloudy to- night and Tuesday. Not Quite so cool north and west tonight. LOCAt, WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at noon Sunday: Maximum. 56; minimum. 42; noon, 44; precipitation, none. OfUcial observations for the 24 hours ending at noon today: Maximum, 58; minimum, 38; noon, 46; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at ___ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Pep. Bemldji Denver Duluth Miami Mpls.-St, Paul New Orleans New York Phoenix 50 56 47 81 5S TO 5G 79 56 42 32 40 73 44 M 48 45 44- DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-Hr. Stage Today Red Wing Lake City Reads Dam 4, T.W. Dam 5, T.W. Dam 5A, T.W. Winona CC.P.) Dam 6, Pool Dam 6, T.W. Dakota (C.P.) Dam 7, Pool Dam 7, T.W. La Crossc 14 13 Tributary Streams Chippewa nt Durand. 1.5 I 1 Four AMVKT Officials Confer with President Truman at the White House today. Left to right, first row: Truman; Edgar C. Corry, national commander; Ray Sawyer, former commander Sec- ond row: William Ross, director of public relations, and Elliot New- comb national executive director. Corry told the President the veterans organization would support the administrations program for emergency foreign aid. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) I f 2.4 -L 6.2 3.4 4.3 2.3 3.2 5.4 JO.l 4.3 7.6 9.5 1.7 4.6 J. .1 J. .1 -I- -2 Zumbro at Thellman. 1.9 Buffalo above Alma... 2.1 Trcmpealeau at Dodge .8 Black at Galcsvllle----30 Blnck at 2.G Root nt Houston 5.0 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to 'Guttcnbcnr, Iowa) During the next 48 hours stages throughout-this district will remain practically 'stationary.