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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 2, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cioudy Tonight, Friday Much Colder New Type Means Less Eye Strain, Faster, Easier Reading VOLUME 50, NO. 219 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 2, 1950 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES ssailant Faces Murder Charge Americans Trapped By Reds in North Korea Seoul American cav- alrymen gave up tonight a day- long fight to rescue nearly foot troopers surrounded by Communist forces in northwest Korea. The trapped men were ordev- ed to attempt a break-out on their own. They faced terrific odds and grinning furiously fighting Reds who turned cap- tured American guns on the surrounded U. S. foot troopers. Some Americans already had escaped the trap. It was clamp- ed shut last night by over- whelming Communist forces including Chinese Red troops in strength. The regiment one-third of the U. S. First cavalry divi- sion was cut off near a dry river bed four miles southwest of Unsan. This is the area where the Reds have made their strongest fight of the North Korean campaign. Unsan is 66 air miles north of Pyongyang, former Red Ko- rean capital. Major General Hobart R. Gay, division commander, said the regiment had been "very badly hurt." A spokesman told A. P. Cor- respondent Tom Lambert the rescue team ran into a "stone- well" of resistance. Americans who escaped the trap said there were many Chi- nese Reds in the enemy force. A Chinese prisoner said the forces included Chinese Red soldiers. Correspondent Lambert, with the division quoted an Ameri- can platoon sergeant as saying the Chinese soldiers were "cra- zy." The sergeant added: "They would stand right up in front of you, laughing to beat hell. We killed them by hundreds. Still they kept com- ing." The Reds' hot onslaught was their newest and might- iest in their redoubled fight to block approaches to the Ko- rean-Manchurian border. A U. S. first army corps spokesman said the situation was "very serious" in the en- tire northwest sector. Shaw Deacf, Century's Most Famed Playwright Ayot St. Lawrence, Bernard Shaw, the cen- tury's most famous playwright, died today at the age of 94. The life of the frail old Irish-born wit who massed a fortune by poking fun at the shortcomings of this civilized age, flicked out at last at a. m. A tumble in his garden on September 10 while pruning! a tree proved the undoing o' the self-styled Napoleon of drama. He! broke his left thigh bone and was] taken to Luton hospital to have the bones pinned together. A bladder Contract Let For ailment complicated his condition. A minor operation eased the trou-. ble and he was brought home Octo- ber 4, but suffered a relapse Sun- day. Mrs. Alice Laden, his housekeep- er at the brick cottage, "Shaws announced the death to reporters. He had lapsed into a coma at 3 a.m. yesterday. No announcement has been made of funeral plans, but friends expected the body will be cremat- ed, the ashes mixed with his wife's and scattered over the Shaw gar- den. Two Nurses Present Only two nurses were with the elderly man at his death. Dr. Thomas Probyn, Shaw's physician, hurried into the house 20 minutes later. P. E. Loewenstein, the play- wright's longtime biographer, told reporters Shaw died peacefully without regaining consciousness. The author of 55 plays, five nov- els and countless essays the best of which were turned out aft- er he was was credited. by many critics with reviving British drama after its golden age of Goldsmith and Sheridan. No stickler as to modesty, Shaw con- sidered himself the successor to Shakespeare and even an Improve- ment on the Barcl of Avon. As a political propagandist he! espoused the cause of the Fabian j socialists and helped lay the 'foun- dation of the present Labor par Blair, Wis. Cost of the new bridge over the Trempea- leau river here will be it was revealed today. Governor Rennebohm signed the contract for the bridge und ap- proaches this morning at Madison, 13 European Nations Map United Army Seek Force Strong Enough To Stop Reds By James M. Long Rome Foreign ministers land their deputies from 13 Council of Europe Nations gathered here today to try to weld a unified army strong enough to stop Soviet aggres- sion. The debate probably will focus on whether and how to Include Ger- man troops in such a western de- fense command. That was the issue which stalemated the Washington meeting of defense ministers of most of the same countries earlier this week. The idea of a 50-division West European army was proposed by Britain's dogged old wartime leader i Winston Churchill at sessions lastj summer of the European council's i consultative assembly at Strasbourg.! There it met British Laborite and! Scandinavian opposition. Since that time, with modifica- tions made under the spur of the Red assault upon South Korea, the general plan for a united army has won the support of most nations whose ministers are meeting here. But while the United States and Britain have called for the use of German troops, perhaps in whole division strength. Prance and some I. H. Pertzsch, Onalaska, will build' of the sraaller countries nave with- George Bernard Shaw the structure. Routing of the bridge approach was approved several months ago, on of state highway 95 will necessitate removal of only one house the John Davis home. Several sharp curves In the road will be eliminated by the new routing. From Strum's corner, the high- way will foilow the same route east to the Brekke property where it will curve around the Ole Mill- er residence, pass through the block east of the present road and from there north past the old Bap- tist church down Maple street to the Blair Produce building. The road will then angle north- easterly through the fish pond to the bridge site, close to the loca- tion of the present structure. Reds Slow Allied Push to Border French Press Reds In Indo-China Saigon, Vietnam French forces carried out co-ordinated i ground and air sweeps from their troops threw their new military might against ad- new defense perimeter along the W. (m.rt t h r- JvandnS Allled forces today to block approaches to the Korean-Man-1 tich Red rjver delta DUt gam. rfe claimed to be a Communist Ichurian border. no important results and an atheist. But if he was a I They met with some success. A U. S. First Army corps spokesman j warplanes hammered' targets in Communist, the brand was not said the situation was "very serious" in the northwest sector. held approval. The ministers also" have been di- rected to try to reach some decision on the Schuman coal-steel pool plan and other economic and social proposals which grew out of the consultative assembly's meetings last August. Tomorrow morning the mixed commission of the council five members of the committee of min- isters and seven delegates ix> the consultative assembly also will begin sessions under the chairman- ship of Belgium's Paul-Henri Spaak. This commission is the co-ordinat- ing group between the foreign min- isters and the assembly. Saturday the 28-member perman- ent committee of the assembly will go into session to plan the agenda for the second 1950 meeting of the assembly as Strasbourg starting November 17. This is the first time since the Council of Europe was formed in the summer of 1949 .that major groups of the assembly have met outside of Strasbourg. Policeman Slain While Defending Truman's House Puerto Rican Revolutionary Due to Recover By Sterling F. Green Washington President Tru- man's guard was Increased and extraordinary precautions taken for his safety today while the secret service dug into whether others were involved in the attempt by two fanatics for Puerto Rican in- I dependence to kill him. The investigation here centered on questioning of Oscar Collazo, 37, one of the two men who tried yesterday to blast their way with pistol shots into Mr. Truman's of- ficial home, but were cut down by the bullets of guards. Collazo fell on the steps of Blair House, Mr. Truman's temporary residence. He was shot in the chest but was reported today to be "in fine shape." His companion, Griselio Torresola, was killed by a bullet through the head. Three police were wounded in the battle. One Private Leslie Coffelt, 40, died last night. Collazo was formally charged with Cof- felt's murder. Wife Arrested In New York The investigation was being: pushed also In New York, which has a large population of Puerto Workmen Scrub blood stains from the sidewalk and-steps near Blair house in Washington after a gun battle in which two would-be assassins were shot down by guards. One of the wounded gunmen, Oscar Collazo, fell on the steps. The other was killed nearby. A White House guard wasi also fatally shot. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) I the area 30 miles The Chinese mostly North j northeast of city or .-j 'northern ground Employment Peak Reached in State orthodox. Some of his comments, if made In Russia, would have landed him in Siberia. He attacked! Karl Marx, the writer of Commu-l as nn out-of-date! fuddy-duddy, and said most Com-i munists were talking through their! huts. His atheism also was question-; ed. He himself once declared, "re-j iipion is always right. Science al ways is wrong." ..._________________ Americans were among his chief led in Minnesota, the state division JManchurian industry, targets. He said he made it employment and security said Cold Interferes point never to say a "civil about the United States and as a, A total of persons result "they adore me." Shaw made criticism pay. may have amassed more wealthithan 1.500 in excess of the than any playwright in historv. Es-ious high of reported forj TT 1 iwith big guns, rockets and rifles. j The fury of their attacks put United Nations troops on the de- fensive in the northwest, where the biggest Allied gains had been made recently. It "was an obvious all-out effort by the Reds to keep United Na- tions troops away from power pro- ducing reservoirs which pump life ran! A new au-ume ducmg reservoirs which pump life- officials mains 435 as at present. peak has been reach-jblood into both North Korean and said today Russia has told the! Minnesota's 1950 pop- The cold of winter and the little w-ere Gobi sands which whip across the I employed on nonagricultural jobs! country at this time of year mul- during the misery of ground light- Official Census Count for U. S. Washington Final, official figures today put the 1950 United States population at The total population figure, an- nounced at, the White House, was calculated as of April 1. It showed an increase of since the 1940 census the greatest gain for a ten-year period in the nation's history. The Increase was 14.5 per cent. House seat gains will be seven for California, two for Florida, and one each for Maryland, Michigan, Texas, Virginia and Washington. Losses will be three for Pennsylvania, two each for Missouri, New York and troops attacked northeast of Phu-1 Oklahoma, and one each for Arkan- laugthuong. Russ Ready to Join Jap Peace Talks Illinois, Kentucky, Mississippi land Tennessee. i The Census bureau's calculations on the T. eapportionment of seats I were the mathematical answer to what changes will be made if the 11953 House membership total re- Minnesota's 1950 population is United States she is ready to join! an Increase of in a general conference to write over the 1940 census, show- September, 1948. a play, "Far'. ist summer. Thej Virginia on a new comedy, "Why ShejPoWBr, Light Bills Would Not" when he had the acci- dent that led to his death. sh peace treaty for Japan. Some East-West procedural dif- ferences still must be settled be- fore such a conference can called, however. orj Here is the way the led in the Korean theaters: i NORTHWEST: A series of chi-jGerman Reds Arrest Potato Hoarders were attacking. A spokesman said the situation Virginia, Minn. The Vir-iwas serious but improving. A D. S. Berlin (IP) Mass arrests ing a 6.8 per cent population gain in the last ten years, as compared to an 8.9 per cent rate of gain 1930 to 1940. Wisconsin's present population Is an increase of persons over the 1940 census, show- ing a 6.8 per cent gain during the[ last ten years, as compared to an 8.9 per cent gain from 1930 to! 1940. Extra Safeguards St. security measures are being planned to safeguard President Truman during: his St. Louis visit this because of the assas- sination attempt in Washington. The President is scheduled to give a major political ipeech here Saturday night, "You can rat assured the po- lice department will redouble its said Police Chief Jeremiah O'ConneU. O'ConneU said he would con- fer today with a secret service planninr team on police assign- ments. A spokesman for the mayor's office said the city administra- tion also had been Informed stringent security measures would be enforced while Mr. Truman is here. President Truman, apparently unperturbed by yesterday's attack, leaves Blair house in Washington on his usual early morning walk today. He Is flanked by Secret Servicemen Henry Nicholson, right, and Jim Rowley, at the left in the rear, as he passes through the area where a gun battle took place yesterday. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) farmers were reported ordered Born in Dublin on July 28. 1856. smla city council voted column pushed northward j er nn Impecunious Protestant fam-lnlBht to stop paying its the inland coastal area to ily. Shaw went to London when and water bilta. ;WiOnn lo alr milesof Smuiju, East Germany's Communist gov- a desperate cam- hoarding of the was 20. He took up Journalism and! action, effective today, was'last Korean city before the Com became a music critic. Even undesigned to save S30.000 a year for.munist Manchurian border. Reds Selective Service Officials Confer blighted potato crop. Over 100 landholders in Sovietl St. PanI, W) late years he liked to play the p'i-'the general fund, which is .no fg in butjdepleted rapidly For years his writings brought Agency holding out on another. In-! NORTHEAST: The U. S. tenth him no recognition. Most of hisiasmuch as the electric and water lost contact with newly en-j outstanding plays poured out afterlutility is municipally owned. Chinese troops. The U. S.i., he was 40. These included J. William Huhtala infantry division's 17th AICOHOI off one TJ S First cavalry Z0ne were reported jailed directors or their represen- jmany more faced arrest as alleged 'tatives from eight Midwest states Eighteen Mecklenburg I met here today with Fifth Army received prison terms. officers to discuss ca.ll-up of men from the area. Puerto Rican Rebel Leader Surrenders San Juan, Puerto Albizu Campos, leader of the rebel Nationalist party, surrendered early today to Island police. A police tear gas attack here on the home of Albizu Campos flushed the Harvard-educated rebel leader from the refuge he had held to Rican natives, and in Puerto tself. Collazo and Torresola came here from New York. In New York, a charge of con- jspiracy In the assassination at- tempt was brought against Collazo's wife, Mrs. Rosa Collazo, 42. She Iwas jailed in default of bond. U. S. Commissioner Edward W. McDonald said conspiracy war- rants also were being prepared for two persons he did not identify and for Collazo. At least 13 most of them relatives of were questioned. the youthful Torresola's pock- et were two letters, signed with the name of Pedro Albizu Campos, head of the Puerto Rican Nation- alist party violently which attempted a revolution in the Island possession this week. One of the letters, dated Septem- ber 21 from San Juan, told Tor- resola that "the delegate" who was not identified by accord you all the necessary co- operation so that your mission may be a triumph." Subversive Group The Nationalist party, a tiny group numerically, seeks complete (Continued on Page 18, Column 1.) TRUMAN Day Proclaimed in State St. Paul Governor Young- dahl today proclaimed Friday No- vember 10 as "Marine Corps day" in Minnesota, He called on citizens to observe that day by joining in special programs honoring the U. S. Marine Corps and the Minnesota Marines "who have so courageously and unselfishly contributed to the achievements of the corps." "Caesar and "Pygmalion." and the Man" formed the council that the attorney :regiment punched hard at Pung. Cleopatra" "and'general has ruled payment can bejsan- w Eir miles from i omitted under such circumstances, i AERIAL: Russian-built Yak He was over 60 when he pro- duced three generally regarded by the British as his best "Heart- break "Back to Methuse- lah" and "St. Joan." He was 69 when he won the No- bel prize for literature in 1925. Hearing Postponed WEATHER shey. Hibbinp, alcohol Tt w Two Ashland Youths A First cavalry division spokes-inext Thursday. It had been I man said the enemy was using throughout the rebellion which waged briefly on Puerto Bleo since Mon- The meeting was preliminary Pouce had maintained a cor-, around the house since the out- per, El Mundo, today joined the! tiv-e the revolt. island's Governor Luis Ma-jKilled by Trai Two letters signed with the in condemning the attempt on (Planes hit the northwest larea for the second straight day hearing in an alleged Two were blasted out of the case has cos Rose Creek Woman FEDERAL FORECAST I mm. rockets in their smashing at- Winona and vicinity: Consider-1 tacks northwest of Unsan. These o be yesterday. his zest for life when his wife! died in 1943. He was past 40 he married his "green-eyed with hard freeze tonight., weapon. Charlotte Frances Fayne-Townshend. She had been his partner in the rise to fame. Thev had no children. One of his friends and one of! a5: minimum, the last callers at his bedside 48; Precipitation, .09; Moderately cold Friday. Low to-j The Reds, including some ity, 28 in country; highinese were pressing hardest against1 1 Allied forces in the Unsan uroa !ctol' A complaint by Raymond Del- grande. Hibbing, claims he lost Ji nonexistent gallons of alcohol. De- f 50. ___ 'Allied forces in the Unsan area. LOCAL WEATHER JThat is 66 air miles north of Py-j Official observations for the 24'ongyang, the fallen North Korean (hours ending at 12 m. today: jcapital. All have innocent. termtoed Conservative and mem- ber of Parliament. tonight at sun rises morrow at Additional weather on Page 21. 40; The Reds attacked the right sun; (east) flank of U. S. 24th division elements trying to power their Delgrande charged that Biancini and the Chappies conspired to get money from him to buy the alco-l hoi and sell it at a profit, with the: profit to be split among them. Del-: grande said he never saw the al (Continued on Page 12, Column and was una.ble to recover his KOREA Joyride in Tank name of the Nationalist chieftain were found on the body of one of the revolutionary Puerto Rican Ashland, Wis. Two Ash- Mr. Truman's life. El Mundo said it was a Rose Creek, (Jfi 75- year-old woman, Mrs. Agnes Stute. against Puerto Hica was killed today when she was struck by a Milwaukee train while gunmen who tried to assassinate at St" President Truman In last luesday _. impact threw her yesterday. Puerto Hicans "are profoundly in- land youths today were accused of taking the Ashland National Guard unit's Sherman tank for a joyride. Federal warrants charge Theo- dore Lolich and John Meyers with tent to steal" "and damaging it to! former's home waving a white legal right to the Island and de- uciii, tho Vmrl. monrf tryimoHfoto 'nrlpnondonrp Albizu Campos surrendered at this criminal attempt." 3'35 am Puerto Rican police and nation- Albizu and his bodyguard, Alva- ro Rivera Walker, came out of the claim that the United States has no the extent of The tank was driven from a Na- tional Guard motor pool Friday and taken on a wild ride through! the outskirts of town and across1 fields. It was finally abandoned when police officers closed to- handkerchief after the police hurl- mand Immediate independence, ed several tear gas bombs into the! Already about 120 Nationalists house. No shots were fired. More than 30 persons were kill- ed in the unsuccessful Nationalist revolt. A leading Puerto Rican newspa- have been arrested. Government troops today continued to hunt down the rebel remnants, but com- parative calm had descended on the island. about 80 feet. The accident hap- pened at a crossing on the edge of Rose Creek. Sheriff Albert Relnartz said the train was running a little late and a north wind apparently prevented Mrs. State from hearing the whistle. He said she has used the same crossing at the same time of day on her day to mass each day for many years. Rose Creefc is about 12 miles southeast of Austin. ;