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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 1, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Light Rain And Cooler Sunday Morning VOLUME 52, NO. 219 SIX CENTS PER COPY WJNONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER I, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY Ike Aides Confident Of Victory By STEWART ALSOP EISENHOWER HEAD- QUARTERS, NEW York Gen Eisenhower's gleamirgly efficienl political headquarters, in the Com- modore Hotel here, are haunted. The jjhost of Thomas E. Dewey's defeat in 1948 almost visibly stalks .1he corridors, and almost audibly rattles its chains whenever the enhower managers feel tempted fc express the confidence which al sorts of facts would seem to justi- fy. The result is a curious mood ol repressed elation combined with an undercurrent of nervousness Talking with the Eisenhower man- agers, one senses a conscious and deliberate effort to avoid such phrases as "in the or "aM over but the shouting." Yet it is perfectly obvious that such phrases would be heard on all sides, among reporters as well as Eisenhower aides, if it were not for the haunt- ing memory of 1948. Behind In the first place, as all the Eis- enhower aides point out in a sort of chorus, there is one big differ- ence between this campaign and the previous dreary succession of Republican defeats. The Republi- can party is solidly united behind its candidate, which was notably not the case in 1944 or 1940, for that matter. Well heeled, tough Republican organizations in every state are now working all out for Eisenhow- er. Tne Eisenhower managers agree that the general has paid a price for this Republican unity, in the shape of concessions to the Re- publican right wing which have un- doubtedly cost votes. To prove that the price has not been too high, they point to the public polls; to the polls taken by their own private organization in Princeton, N. J.; to reports coming from lo- cal Republican leaders in many key states; and to the geographical distribution of registration figures. Claim Middle Watt The Eisenhower managers claim show of the whole Middle West outside the bordeij states, excepting perhaps Minnesota, but very probably in- cluding Stevenson's native Illinois. They claim Pennsylvania and all New England, except Rhode Island and possibly Massachusetts. They claim the whole Northwest with the exception of Washington. They assert that they have an excellent chance for added gravy from the border and Southern states notably Virginia. here the nervousness begins to show a claim the two biggest states, California and New York. Both Gov. Earl Warren and Sen. William Knowland of California have flatly assured the Eisenhower that California will go Republican. But the nervousness in this regard showed through when a special flying trip to California by Gen. Eisenhower was briefly considered last week, and only re- luctantly abandoned. As for New York, the Eisenhow- er managers publicly claim an Eis- enhower majority of to 000. Privately they would be de- lighted to settie for or so, which was the figure picked by Gov. Dewey in a personal predic- tion to Gen. Eisenhower. Obviously this is an uncomfortably small margin out of more than New York voters. Henry Wallace captured more than half a million normally Democratic votes in 1948, and Eisenhower has no Wallace. Ike Confident The Eisenhower managers agree that Eisenhower will have to win a huge majority of votes up- state in order to overcome the Democratic lead in New York City and they admittedly felt a sinking feeling in the pit their stomachs when Stevenson attracted huge and fanatically enthusiastic crowds in his recent appearances here. One Eisenhower manager sum- med up the general view here when he said, "I just don't see how Ike' can possibly of course I felt the same way in '48." There is, indeed, only one man here who does not add this final qualifying phrase. This is Dwight D. Eisenhower himself. Eisenhower does not play the uni- versal game of juggling electoral votes. He simply assumes that" he is going to win. When -he talks of the future, of the terrible respon- sibility of the presidency, he adds no "ifs" at all. Meanwhile, that slyly elusive fig- ure, the American voter, is pre- paring to demonstrate whether Eis- enhower's calm confidence or the faint uneasiness of his aides is justified. The voter cannot register his verdict any too soon for the tired men here in Eisenhower one suspects, for any one else in the country. Rioting Ohio Convicts Q note: By request we are reprinting an editorial which first appeared in this newspaper Oct. 18, 1952.) Five Amendments Up'to the Voters When voters go to the polls on Tuesday, Nov. 4 to cast their ballots for a president of the U.S. and various state and county public officers, they will be asked to vote on five amend- ments to the state which are not very well understood by of are very familiar to the average voter. Amendment No. 1 would increase the amount cf money which local units of government can borrow from the state's permanent trust funds. There seems to be a general agreement that the now idle funds could be put to greater public use by this change. We feel this amendment should receive general support. Amendment No. 2 relates to a general overhauling of the state constitution through the medium of a constitutional convention. It provides that any recommendations by the con- vention must be put before the voters for approval and such changes will require a three-fifths majority to prevail. The, amendment also provides members of the legislature to be run for election as convention delegates, a privilege denied them under the present constitution. Since this is a furtherance of democratic action, we feel this amendment also should be approved. Amendment No. 3 would permit Indians in Minnesota to vote without taking a special court examination. There is little question in the minds of most people that our Indians should be accorded full rights of American citizenship. Amendment No. 4 will give the legislature the right to determine qualifications for judges of probate and will enlarge the power of probate judges to include judges of county juvenile courts. This amendment deserves voter approval. Amendment No. most controversial and most widely discussed of all to divide the money derived from automobile licenses among the state, the counties and municipalities. At present all this license money goes to the state. There is support for this in rural areas but much opposi- tion in urban areas where the feeling is that trunk highways be harmed if the amendment would be passed. It seems to us that we need to continue support of our trunk highway system in this state and that the amendment should be defeated. U.S. WANTS CHANGE Ike Confident of Victory Tuesday By RELMAN MORIN CHICAGO Dwight D. Eisenhower pushed his presidential campaign toward a climax today with an assertion that the Ameri- can people are demanding a change of and the confident "Thst demand will be satisfied four days from now." Eisenhower returns to New York today after a final foray into Illi- nois the home state of his opponent, Gov. Adlai Stevenson. He has a nation-wide television appear- ance, in the form of an interview, tonight at 10 p.m., EST over NBC. His last major speech, before the voting begins, is scheduled to be delivered in Boston Monday night. Tipsy Driving Charge Against Lund Dismissed FOREST LAKE, Minn, tfl Drunken driving charges against Oscar L. Lund, a Republican can- didate for railroad and warehouse commissioner, were dismissed in justice court here today. The dismissal, ordered by Jus- tice of the Peace Edward E. Olson, Forest Lake, wiped out an earlier conviction "in absentia" by Jus- tice of the Peace C. 0. Brown when Lund failed to appear in his court to answer the charge. In St. Paul, Gov. Anderson said he was not altering his position re- garding the candidacy of Lund. He "However, other factors than the charge from which he is now ac- quitted, entered into my decision to withdraw support from Lund. Therefore, there is no change in my position." After hearing testimony of two arresting highway patrolmen and a doctor who examined Lund shortly after the arrest, Justice Olson Said "it has not been proven that the man was intoxicated. The case is dismissed." Wayne Morse Backs Benton for Senate NEW HAVEN, Conn. Sen, Wayne Morse, Oregon Republican, has endorsed Sen. William Ben- ton's bid for re-election on the Democratic ticket in Connecticut. Morse made a surprise appear- ance here Friday night on a cam- paign program with the Democrat- ic senator. Becton's "moral leadership has earned him the respect of thou- sands of Republican and independ- ent said Morse. "Sen. Benton is. the only Democrat in the Senate to get my endorsement in this campaign." The Oregonian said many Re- publican senators "admired and applauded the spunk" of Benton in his long-standing Senate and legal fight with Sen. Joseph McCarthy Four Main Issues As the campaign drew near an end, Eisenhower held inexorably 'to what he says are the four central Communism, cor- ruption and peace based on pros- perity." In his appearances in Chicago yesterday, he said the Democrats are trying to fog over these ques- tions by personal attack on him, and by spreading a fear campaign. He ridiculed the personal criti- cisms by reminding bis audiences that his opponents wanted him to be their candidate four years ago. And he said the people are not being frightened by Democratic claims that a GOP victory would mean another depression, cuts in social security and so on. He told a Chicago audience last night: "The extraordinary thing is that the opposition thought the Ameri- can people would be so blind, so beaten down by seven years of Fair Deal misrule that they would not rise up and demand a change, a change to a government of hon- esty, vision and courage. v "But that demand will be satis- days from now." Camp Optimistic Victory claims are standard fix- tures in every political campaign, but Eisenhower's statement re- flects the atmosphere of optimism that is growing among his advisers now. They have noted reports from professional pollsters that indicate Stevenson may be gaining ground in this stretch phase of the race. If the governor's stock is rising, they say, the upsurge is coming too late. Eisenhower's top strategists be- lieve they have a better-than-even chance to carry the two big doubt- ful states, New York and Califor- nia. The third biggest, Pennsyl- vania, is considered in the bag. Together these three would mean 109 electors! votes. It takes 266 to win the presidency. One of Eisenhower's lieutenants said today he has seen nothing to change the feeling that, this year, the Republicans have a chance (Continued on Page 13, Column 4) EISENHOWER Adlai Winding Up Campaign In Midwest Charges Ike Makes Promises Without Program By DON WH1TEHEAD ABOARD STEVENSON TRAIN EN ROUTE TO OHIO Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson campaign- ed into the'Midwest today to stay through election day. He ended his swing in the East last night with a gloves-off attack on his opponent's foreign policy. In a final bid for New York's 45 electoral votes, the Democratic presidential nominee brought cheer after cheer last night from a Brooklyn audience with his jabs at Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Stevenson said that Eisenhow- er's pledge to go to Korea if he is elected was "a promise without a program" and he said he didn't think "that the American people are taken in." He said the Republican presiden- tial nominee was "seeking one easy solution after another for the Korean War" and attacked him for what he called a shift to the "Old Guard" line. Voice of Isolationism Eisenhower, he said, had com- mented that if there must be war in Korea it should be "Asians against Asians." The. Illinois governor continued: 'Let Asians fight Asians' is the authentic voice of a resurgent iso- lationism. "In 1939 the Republican Guard, faced with the menace of the Nazi wqrld, was content, to say, 'Let Europeans fight Euro- ignoring completely the fact that the menace of Nazism was a menace to Americans as much as to Frenchmen and Eng- lishmen." Stevenson asserted that the gen- eral bad "recklessly gambled with the confidence of our European, Allies" and had shown "a willing- ness to undermine" the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. And on the Korean War, he said, Ei- senhower has "sought out the pos- of division and of mis- tip Eisenhower's state- sibilities trust." Taking ment that he would go to Korea, Stevenson said that "unfortunately the ghost writer who provided the proposals failed to give the con- tent" to a program. Courset Open in Korta "The general was to go to Korea but nobody indicated what he should do when he got the governor said. Actually, he said, these are the only courses open in Korea: "Get out, or enlarge the war, or (Continued on 12, Column 5) ADLAI Daylight Rtvaals some of the damage to some buildings inside the Ohio State Penitentiary at Co- lumbus, 0. Chapel in foreground smokes in this picture made over the east wall. Fire-blackened debris is scattered about the yard. Last night mill- ing convicts 6et many fires before being returned to their cells. (AP Wirepboto to The Republican- Herald) Nursing Home Fire Takes Lives Of 18 Patients HILLSBORO, Mo. W Eighteen elderly patients died last night as fire roared through a three-story nursing home here. Most of the dead were trapped on the third floor of the stone structure. Other bodies were found a floor below. A nurseV first, the blaze about p.m.- as'sparks and smoke camel-from a ceiling of the first floor- between the main building and an annex. Thij fire spread quickly up stair- ways and along corridors as atten- dants; tried to get the 85 residents, several of them invalids, out of the building. HUisboro Fire Chief Richard King said the blaze apparently began in a men's wash room on the first floor. He made no damage estimate on the main which be called a total building, loss. Chapel Destroyed In 8-Hour Riot By DAVE BILES and ART PARKS? COLUMBUS, 0. (ffl "I'll help you straighten out the chapel, said one convict. "Yeah, I'm a good worker srid another. It was more than eight hours after the riot that brought an esti- mated million dollars in damage to Ohio Penitentiary last night. The Rev. C. Valerian Lucier, Catholic chaplain at' the prison, stood beside the handful of things "some of the better boys" dragged out of his chapel before it was gutted by flames. A half-dozen inmates stood be- At least 36 other residents were reported injured. They were taken in ambulances to hospitals in the StLouis area. Those not hurt were moved to rest hcmes in the area. Mrs. Mary Carron, 81, Crystal City, Mo., said she was sitting in a chair toward the rear of the second floor of the main building, saying her rosary, when she no- ticed dense smoke. The next thing she knew some- one was half-carrying, half-drag- ging her downstairs and out of the building. On Ike Personality By KENNETH FINK Director, Princeton Research Service PRINCETON, N. the results of the latest nation-wide sur- veys of Princeton Research Service, there are three important indi- cations of which direction the political winds are blowing strongest, 48 hours before the presidential election. The first indication is the voters divide on the question, 'Just making your best guess about the next few years, do you. think you and your family will be better' off financially if the Republicans or the Democrats win in The response of an accurate cross- section of the nation's voters after weeks of discussion of issues by the candidates, gives the nod to the Democratic Party by the margin of 4 to 3. The actual result: Nation-wide Democrats......41.1% Republicans 31.9% No difference 19.1% No opinion...... 4.2% Past experience in polling shows that a major shift in opinion on a question of this sort is unlikely to take place before Tuesday. In August, Princeton Research Service's nation-wide poll of voters of aU Demo- cratic and the question, "Which national party is best for people like produced the results: Democratic Republican no difference and no opinion In presenting this report, on Aug. 13, we stated, "There is every indication that the Eisenhower forces face a real bat- tle and that this is no ground for regarding a Republican victory as assured." From these August figures, it appears that the number who feel the Republican party offers them the most has dropped The second indication that the Democrats go into Tuesday's elec- tion with a marked advantage is in the response to our question, "In politics as of today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat or The tally: Nation-wide Republicans Independents Comparing this result with the response to a similar question ask- ed in early August, the results show (Continued on Page 12, Column I) POLL Rolvaag Accuses Ihye of Mailing Right Violations MINNEAPOLIS wi Karl Rol- vaag, Democratic Farmer La- bor state chairman, accused Sen. Ed Thye Friday of abusing the postal franking (free mail) privi- lege. Rolvaag asked the U. S. dis- trict attorney to investigate. Thye said he had advised Philip Neville, U. S. district attorney, that his files records are open and added that be "certainly would not knowingly misuse the franking privilege." George Etzell, Clarissa, state Re- publican issued a national committeeman, statement today saying the charge is "far-fetched" and that it "is more of the dirty, low blow campaigning and character assassination that the American people resent." Postal laws make it illegal to use free mailing privileges for material other than official govern- ment business. Rolvaag, in a message to Neville, charged Thye franked a letter which said "a Republican victory under the leadership of Dwight D. EisenbSwer" is the best hope for solving national problems. Neville will be specters. said Rolvaag's request referred to postal in- Snelling Hospital To Be Remodeled ST. PAUL A 2 million dol- lar contract for remodeling Fort Snelling Veterans Hospital was an- nounced Friday by the Veterans Administration. However, it is not likely that the project can start until next sum- mer when the new hospital being built nearby is completed, Dr. John Seaberg, manager of the hospital said. Governor Opens New Albert Lea Highway Minn, Gov. Ander- son last night cut the ribbon link- ing highways -22 and 109, opening an all-weather road between Al- bert. Lea and Mankato. State Sen. D. M. Cai.'ey was in charge of the program, attended by per- sons. side him. Lucier made no reply to the offer of help in cleaning up the chapel. Instead, he turned and stared at his church as firemen stood by helplessly, unable to do anything about the blaze that de voured it. Finally the priest, who had stayed among the prisoners in the at the height of the and said: "You know, some of the better boys' actually tried to save my chapel." We moved on a few steps. Sev- eral inmates were .picking up de- bris littering the prison yard. "It's a funny one of them said. "First you think you're right and no one can tell you different. But now I don't know. It's kinda hard to figure out." Another convict, a tall, muscu- lar Negro, said, "I didn't help tear it tip but I'll do my share when it comes to fixin' it up." A fellow inmate was quick to reply: "That's what everyone is gonna didn't do you don't think they're gonna believe you, do Dixie Crosby Dead at 40 BEVERLY HILLS Dixie Lee Crosby, 40-year-old wife of crooner Bing Crosby, died today after a lengthy illness. Mrs. Crosby, who had been in a coma since Monday, succumbed in her Beverly Hills home with her family by her side. She became critically ill this weefe and doctors had said there was no chance for survival. Exact nature of her illness has not been disclosed by her physi- cian. Mrs. Crosby underwent a serious abdominal operation last July. Mrs. Crosby was received into the Roman Catholic Church last Monday, the day before she sank into a coma. The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Patrick Concannon said he Bap- tized her and that she had since received church sacraments in- cluding extreme unction. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and able cloudiness tonight and Sun- day with some chance of light rain Sunday morning. Cooler Sunday. Low tonight 38, high Sunday 55. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 69; minimum, 38; noon, 65; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wit. Central Observations) Max. Temp. 70 at p.m. Fri- day, 31 at a.m. Noon broken at feet, visibility 10 miles, humidity cent, wind from east at 12 miles .per hour.- Barometer 28.90, falling. 8 Buildings Set Afire by Mutineers One Policeman Slightly Hurt in Halloween Drama COLUMBUS, 0. (fl Two thou- sand angry convicts rioted for eight hours in century-old Ohio Peniten- tiary last night before the uprising was quelled. Eight buildings went up in flames. Furnishings and equipment savagely beaten into wreckage. A state highway patrolman, mis- taken for an escaping convict, wounded slightly on the head by quick-shooting guard. No one elst was injured; no prisoner escaped; no hostage was taken. Spurred to Angtr Milling convicts, spurred to anger by the needling of ring- leaders, threatened for a time to attempt a mass escape over the prison's 30-foot wall. Thirty-five grim guards, armed with sub- machine guns, stood their ground. Somehow the escape attempt, if it was in the convicts' minds, never jelled. Quickly the state and city mar- shaled forces, pouring 250 and officers into the flaming prison compound. Six hundred Ohio Na- tional Guardsmen, rounded up from Central and Southern Ohio, were mobilized before the sudden collapse of the revolt. A scheduled p.m. offensive by the National Guard became un-. necessary, cold, hungry, beaten, most of the rebellious convicts moved back into the cell 'blocks minutes before the guard planned to march into the penitentiary. I Aid for the beleaguered guards at the penitentiary came more quickly than at many places, per- haps because many in Columbus still remember Easter Monday of 1930. Wild -Escape iPhft That was the day- coaviits fired a cell block in a wild escape plot The fire caused the deaths of 322 prisoners, the biggest toll of any prison fire. The breakup of the rebellion held up an hour by the flashing knives of a dozen case-hardened convicts, who bulldozed 600 fellow prisoners into keeping up their defiance. Possibly 100 die-hards lingered in the courtyard after the mutiny had fallen apart, eventually forcing guards to bomb them out with tear gas. primed by a series of other uprisings in prisons across the nation, began in the mess hall at dinner time. Like a flash fire, the mutiny spread until it involved nearly one-half the prison's i odd population. i The first act of the Halloween drama was brief. Eight hundred i of the original convicts quick- ly agreed to return to their cells. That left Guards thought the back of the rebellion, staged to protest food the convicts called "slop" or worse, had been broken. Just as quickly, the second act started an uncontrolled riot: by convicts in the face of total guard force of 35. Fire after fire broke out. Major Buildings in. At one time, about ttree hours after the riot started, Warden Ralph W. Alvis said, "Nearly every major building is burning out of control." Firemen, balked by the mass of convicts and the slimness of the guard force, tried ineffectually to fight the sprouting blazes from roof tops and wall ladders. Fire destroyed five buildings the commissary, the Catholic chapel, the laundry, the personnel building, the prison hospital. Fire and vandalism seriously damaged the auditorium, the mess hall, and the kitchen. The convicts, including some of the hardest characters in the Mid- west, armed themselves with meat cleavers, sharpened spoons, files, knives, anything that would maim or kill. They smashed windows, jeered at the guards and screamed curses. Burning Buildings Two hours before the end, four hundred more convicts lost their nerve and sneaked back through the burning buildings to their cell blocks. Then another 200 gave up. That left 600 still roaming around and huddling around small bon- fires. These were the men threatened to the last by the knife-wielding fanatics, who finally succumbed to the pressure of 250 peace officers and prison guards. Gov. Frank J. Lausche flew to Columbus from Cleveland to take charge of the offensive against the .convicts. Vote Tuesday, then hear election returns on KWNO ;