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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Fair Memorial Day Weekend; Warmer Sunday, Monday Chiefs vs. Waseca Gabrych Park Sunday 8 p.m. NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 161 SIX GENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 29, 1954 EIGHTEEN PAGES Ike-McCarthy Dispute Deadlocked Service Right To car and this loaded traction company bus collided at an intersection in Portland, Ore., Friday and the bus careened into a nearby house, which was damnged extensively. No one inside was injured, A car passenger, Andrew Anderson, 73, was fatally injured in the crash. Four on the bus were hurt. (AP Wirephoto) Traditional Rites Across the Nation For Memorial Day By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With prayers for a peaceful future, America honors its soldiar dead once again this weekend. The traditional rites across the nation will occupy two days this year, with some on Sunday and others on Monday, because Mem- orial' Day falls on Sunday. Russians Warn U.S. Must Stop Making A-Bombs By STANLEY JOHNSON Eut they will be no less fervent, coming as they do at a time when Weap0ns. MOSCOW said today secret American-Soviet talks on atomic control ".cannot bring any positive results unless the United States agrees to unconditional pro- hibition of atomic-hydrogen Reinforcements Reach Trapped French Fortress Tanks, Infantry Units Advance Under Air Cover By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina The French announced today that French Union armor and infantry under h e a v y- air cover had smashed through a Vietminh ring encircling the beleaguered post of Yen Phu 30 miles south of Hanoi. The command said tanks and ar- mored units from Nam Dinh and the Phu Ly sector had driven through to Yen Phu and reinforced it with fresh troops and supplies. Yen by one com- pany of about 160 been under rebel fire for the past 18 days. The rebels had kept the little out- post in the vital Red River Delta area under steady mortar bom- bardment while Vietminh mole squads burrowed to within 300 feet of the barbed wire barriers. Some 12 Vietminh battalions took part in the grueling attack. Pius X 77th Pope Elevated To Sainthood in Rome Rites Hundreds of Archbishops, 500 Cardinals Attend By FRANK BRUTTO VATICAN CITY Pius X who died only 40 years ago, was canonized a saint of the Roman Catholic church today in a majestic ceremony in St. Peter's Square. An estimated half million people stood in hushed silence under a blazing sun as Pope Pius XII pro- nounced the ancient Latin formula that elevated Giuseppe Sarto, Pius X, to the church's highest honor. The Pope made the pronouncement at p.m. a. m. The Pope then stepped down from his throne and knelt, to pray. Just as he did so he drew a hand over his brow, wiping off the sweat caused by the hot .sun and his heavy robes. The stood at 90 degrees on Rome's hot- test day of the year. It was the first canonization ceremony for a pontiff in 242 years and the first ever in St. Peter's Square. Radio and television and the press flashed the brilliant rite around the world as never before to take Dien Bien Phu, the rebels apparently aimed to pound the out- post until it was sufficiently soft- ened up for a frontal assault. News of the French break- through came after a day of scat- tered action in which the rebels knocked off one Vietnamese- manned defense post 20 miles southwest of Hanoi and encircled two others in the same sector. The French said they were sup- plying the embattled posts by air. The French Union cause was bolstered somewhat-yesterday by the arrival of 17 American fighter ments. The 17 fighter a r c a t s-arr ved a r c a t arrived on Saigon TODAY more than 35 million automobiles I weapons Friends of Ike Urge Action By JOSEPH STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The last fort- night has produced a new trend which greatly and quite rightly worries the White House. For the first time, the Eisenhower admin- istration is experiencing a bad press. The real cause for worry is not that many of the old pro-Taft group of newspapers have now pro- gressed from mild complaint to open vilification. What really hurts is that criticisms arc beginning to be heard from the administration's staunchest supporters. In an already-famous editorial, the Scripps Howard chain has warned the President to give! -phe proclamation said: stronger leadership "or he will be ,.We should keep faith with our run over by an ox-cart. The same heroic dead b hurably and devout- theme has been more politely j suppiicating almightv God for struck in a forceful editorial by in our efforts 'to achieve the hydrogen bomb and other awe- some weapons cast their dread- ful shadows upon the earth. The services will take many forms, ranging from quiet prayers to God for national guidance to the strewing of flowers upon the seas which wash America's shores. Then, too, there will be parade and pageant. For millions of Americans, the weekend also will signal the start of the annual vacation and travel season, the opening of resorts and the first taste of the many sum- mertime diversions. 3-Day Holiday With much of the nation enjoy- ing a three-day holiday, the Na The Communist party newspaper in a lengthy article denounced President Eisenhower's world atomic pool plan as unworkable otherwise. The paper accused the United States of trying to reveal the course of the confidential talks in a "one-sided and distorted light whereas the point of view of the other (Soviet) side remains un- known or distorted." The article was the first public presentation here of the Soviet ver- sion of the talks. Pravda .said the Soviet Union "put forward a new proposal" which it said consisted of a "sol- emn, unconditional obligation not aboard the American light aircaft carrier Windham Bay. The planes, with a top speed of 450 miles an hour, are able to take off at high speed on short runways, a valu- able asset in Indochina. The troop reinforcements were coming into the delta area both from France and other areas of Indochina. 2 Traffic Deaths Reported in State As Holiday Begins By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS IIIK a uncc-uaj iiuuuaj, tional Safety Council estimates I to use hydrogen or other Two deaths wefe reported ..iitnmnhiioe I weapons oi mass destruction." early today as Minnesota began will roll along the highways, if the j The United States made clear the long Memorial Day weekend. weather is good. last December the Eisenhower I James R. Jam. 26, of rural It also estimates the lives cf 340 atomic, Plan- introduced at a ni K c-nii-Ffori mit in tho special meeting of the united Na- heavy travel !tions General Assembly at that i time was intended to circumvent Millions of other persons will Soviet insistence on the ban_ travel by tram, plane, bus and j boat. President Eisenhower, acting in conformity with provisions of a congressional resolution approved in 1950, issued a proclamation des- ignating Sunday as a day of prayer for lasting peace. John s. Knight, rime, w h i c h ful world has cnimel then designated the hour of as cme m Cowles Thile not criticizing the -11 a-m- (local time) in each lo SWh President personally, has made a cahty remarkable speech criticizing the President's foreign policy. Warm Friends Criticize to "join in prayer These reluctant criticisms come from warm friends of the Eisen- hower administration, who want, above all, to see the administra- tion succeed. In three of the four cases, the finger of blame has been pointed at the President himself, which is a phenomenon, which needs explaining. In part, the explanation is ob- vious. The Eisenhower administra- tion tried to luck through the Mc- Carthy problem and the Indochina problem. Its luck did not hold in either case, as was predictable. Great political problems are somewhat like cancer in one re- spect. The longer you postpone the operation, the more painful and dangerous it becomes. Because there was postponement, because there was a long attempt to luck through on McCarthy and Indo- china, the operations are being im- mensely painful and unpleasant. Things are going badly, and the administration's best friends are naturally worried. In part, too, the explanation of the new criticism of the President undoubtedly lies in the President's own character. Lord Acton once remarked, with the searing cyni- (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) ALSOPS tions." Monday morning, at memorial exercises at the Arlington Nation- al Cemetery, the President will lay a wreath at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Following a tradition which ap- parently began spontaneously in the South following the Civil War, graves will be decorated in cem- eteries across the country- Formal Services At the same time there will be numerous formal memorial serv- ices conducted in the cemeteries. One of these will be at the Vet- erans Administration Center Cem- etery at West Los Angeles, where veterans of all wars are buried. Lt. Gen. Ira C. Efiker, re- tired, will speak, and per- sons are expected to attend. California's Gov. Goodwin J. Knight will make three Memorial Day addresses during other cem- etery services, and the American Legion will conduct rites aboard the heavy cruiser Helena in Long Beach Harbor. In Los Angeles Harbor, a Coast Guard cutter will scatter flowers upon the water, and others will be strewn at sea from a plane from the Naval Air Station at Jacksonville, Fla. Man Found Dead Near Ditched Truck, Companion Held WALKER, Minn. Wi_A 28-year- old Pine River man was found dead beside a ditched truck early today and his 33-year-old com- panion was being held 'without charge pending a coroner's report. The dead man was Orville Myk- kanen, a farmer near Pine River. Deputy Sheriff Gerald Eveland said he was holding Fred Parker, Penuot Lakes, until Dr. A. T. Rozycki, Cass County coroner ex- amines the body and makes a report. Mykkanen's body, which bore no visible marks of violence, was found beside the truck that left a county road 12 miles southwest of Pine River about a.m. today. Parker, who had been with Myk- kanen. during the night, shouted for help, attracting a nearby farm- er who called the sheriff's office. Eveland said Parker, a scrap iron buyer, told him he and Myk- kanen had purchased whisky at a liquor store in Jenkins and had spent the night drinking at a farm home near the scene of the death. Parker said he had purchased scrap at the farm earlier Friday. Parker told Eveland that both fell out of the truck when it went into the ditch. Parker had a slight bruise on his head. Fatal Success Noted OKLAHOMA CITY city ex- Grand Rapids, was killed about a.m. when his car went off highway 169 about 5V4 miles south of Grand Rapids and hit a drive- way. Officers said Jam, who was alone, apparently fell asleep. Martin Henry Janssen, 37, Clara City farmer, died at 5 a.m. in a Wiflmar hospital from injuries suffered Friday in a collision at a country road intersection two miles northwest of Clara City. He leaves a widow and three small children. The two deaths increased the state's 1954 traffic toll to 237. This was 45 higher than at this time a year ago. As the long weekend began, Gov. Anderson issued orders for the Minnesota Highway Patrol to be especially alert and to "call them close" against speeders and care- less drivers. For the nation, 340 traffic fatali- ties were predicted before the lengthy holiday ends at midnight Monday, 10 of them destined for Minnesota. Hearings Remind Judge of Egg Tale GATLINBURG, Tenn. Winfred B. Hale of Rogersville, attending the Tennessee Bar Assn. convention here, made this com- ment yesterday on the McCarthy- Army hearings: "They are just like a man I know in Hawkins County who swal- lowed an egg. He wz.3 afraid to move OIJL in fear the egg might break, was afraid to stand still in feac it might hatch." Pius XII, the 78-year-old spirit- ual ruler of more than 400 million Catholics, upon the "gigan- tic and yet humble" figure of the newly sainted Pope to "sustain this poor human race" in its search for peace. The Pope described Pius man who was acted for his humil- ity as "the saint raised up by Providence for our time." In the vast gathering, one' of the greatest in the history of the church, were some 50 cardinals and nearly 500 archbishops and bishops of the church who came here from many parts of the world. Spectacles In Hand, Sen. McCarthy reaches over the table to congratulate Roy M. Cohn as the Friday session ended in the Mc- Carthy-Army dispute hearing. Cohn spent the day on the wit- ness stand, contradicting under oath the sworn testimony of Sec- retary of the Army Stevens and Army Counsel John Adams on six major points. (AP Wirephoto) Just after pronouncement of the- -The committee-of -yesterday to try to disentagle the Latin formula that placed Pius X on the list of the church's saints, a covering canopy was removed from an immense painting of: the new saint, directly over the papal altar. It showed Pius X in his papal robes, his hand uplifted. Carried to Millions Pius X is the 77th of 260 popes to be made a saint. None of the others was canonized in the square. For the first time the ceremon- ies bestowing the church's highest honor was carried to millions by means of radio and television. Pius X was known during his life- time as "Papa saint Pope. The ceremonies today, only 40 years after his death, make him that in fact. The Roman Catholic pontiff, Giuseppe Sarto, was born in the little northern Italian towi of Riese June 2, 1835. His parc-nts were poor, but aid by his'bishop enabled him to attend a seminary and become a priest. He was noted for extreme hu- mility and charity from his earli- est years. In 1903, when he was archbishop of Venice, he was called to a papal conclave in Rome. He assured his followers he would return quickly, and some accounts say he bought a roundtrip ticket, borrowing 300 lire to pay for it. But Cardinal Sarto never re- turned to Venice. None was more surprised than he when the con- clave elected him the 258th pope in the long history of the Catholic Church. New Problems Snarl Indochina Meetings GENEVA By EDDY GILMORE scheduled meeting of Indochina experts was can- celed today after the nine participating delegations decided they had Tun into problems which could be decided only by the top dele- gates. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and cool tonight. Sunday fair and a j posing sides in the war be called little warmer. Low tonight 44, high i to Geneva to draw cease-fire lines. various Conflicting and overlapping proposals now before the Indo- china Conference on cease-fire measures. The conference itself was sched- uled to hold another restricted ses- sion at 9 a.m. There will be no further meetings of the experts unless the full conference directs them to take up some specific Russia's Deputy Foreign Minis- ter Andrei Y. Gromyko snarled up yesterday's initial meeting of ex- perts who are seeking to find out how much common ground there was in the Communist and non- Communist proposals. Gromyko tossed in new demands aimed at forcing the conference to sanction Communist claims in Laos and Cambodia, the smaller of the three Associated Indochinese States. The West has insisted the Com- munist-led Vietminh be allowed after the cease-fire to hold terri- tory only in Viet Nam and that Red forces be evacuated entirely from the kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia. Should the Communists persist in demands for "assembly zones" in all three states, observers pre- dict the conference might founder next week. That is the period that both France's Foreign Minister Georges Bidault and Britain's For- eign Secretary Anthony Eden have predicted would be decisive. The Communists and the West are agreed on the principle of the assembly zones into which the op- posing armies would be withdrawn when the cease-fire is sounded. But there is basic disagreement over where and how these zones should be established. Eden proposed earlier this week that senior officers of the two op- Sunday 74. Generally fair and warmer Monday. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum, 47; noon, 62; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observation) Max. temp 67 at and p. m. Friday. Low temp. 48 at a. m. today. Noon temp. 60. Brok- en layer of clouds at feet, visibility more than 15 miles, wind from the west at 17 m.p.h. with gusts of 26 m.p.h. Barometer 29.78 rising, humidity 48 per cent and dewpoint 40. terminator sports this sign on his truck: "The bug doctor all our pa- tients No Paper Monday Observing its usual custom, The Republican-Herald will omit publication on Monday, May 31, Memorial Day. Business will be suspended generally throughout the nation. Regular broadcasts of local, state, national and international news will be heard over KWNO and KWNO- FM. Consult the schedule on the back page today for times of news broadcasts. When we'next greet you on Tuesday, June 1, we will be The Winona Daily News, formerly The Winona Republican-Herald. Changes Asked Gromyko said yesterday Russia would accept this vided it was changed to leave a clear implication that the officers would draw cease-fire lines for all three Assocated States. Gromyko also suggested that the officers meet in Indochina rather than Geneva. The West had as- sumed there was agreement on Geneva as the site of the military discussions. A representative of the French high command 'is already en route here from Saigon to take part in the talks. Gromyko also made-it clear at yesterday's meeting that Russia would oppose any serious discus- sion of international supervision of a cease-fire until after the con- ference had agreed on location of assembly zones. Some issues raised by Gromyko were new. Others had been brought up previously by Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. but ap- parently withdrawn in the face of Western opposition. Western experts were astonished to find .these points raised at what was supposed to be a working group charged merely with find- ing a common ground among the different proposals before the con- ference. 4 Drown When Tornado Upsets Boat in Missouri BAGNELL, Mo. UP! A tornado upset an excursion boat on the Lake of the Ozarks yesterday. At least four persons and probably six were drowned. Six passengers and the pilot were rescued. Two of the passen- gers said the pilot saved their lives. Owners of the capsized craft said it was routine to send another boat to check on its excursions when a storm blew up, and that precaution put a rescue boat along- side the stricken craft quickly. The known dead: Mrs. Letha Rockwell, 50, and a daughter, Rosalyne Ruth Rock- well, 16, Belle Plaine, Iowa. Mrs. Richard Lamberty and a son, Warren, 2, Fremont, Neb. Missing were Duaine Hodges, 19, of Missouri Valley, Iowa, and Pa- tricia Gump, 16, of Tunis, Mo. A relative said he saw them get on the excursion boat but it was not certain they were aboard. The bodies of Mrs. Rockwell, her daughter and Warren Lamberty were recovered within an hour. Rescued were Lamberty; Junior Graham, 18, of Brumley, Mo., the pilot; Darwin Rockwell, 48, hus- band of Mrs. Rockwell; Emmett O'Leary. 41, and his wife, Ruth, 33, of Berkeley. Mo.; Lt. V. H. Allen, 22, and his wife, 19, of Law- ton, Okla. Burglars Attempt Watchman's Revival TAMPA, Fla. reported that burglars who broke into a Tampa laundry apparently tried to j revive the night watchman, found j dead of a heart attack. Rafael Delgado, 59, was found lying on a table in the boiler room yesterday morning. His belt had been loosened, his shoes removed and a jug of water was by the table. The laundry's safe Tiad been broken open and checks and cash estimated at stolen. K Result Stops ?olice From Arresting Source TULSA, Okla. of the liquor squad were just about to overtake a bootlegger's auto- mobile when a drunk driver got between the pursued and the pur- uers. Detective Sgt. Jimmy Jackson said yesterday they couldn't get around the weaving inebriated driver so they halted him and hauled him off to jail. The boot- legger got away. Oklahoma is constitutionally dry. Senator Warns No Power Can Stop His Probe White House Insists Executive Has 'Sole Responsibility" By JACK BELL WASHINGTON A head-on constitutional conflict between Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and the Eisen- hower administration hung heavily today over the Senate inquiry into the treatment of Army Pvt. G. David Schine. The Senate's "who probe into the dispute between McCarthy and Army officials was temporar- ily submerged in a roaring battle over the Wisconsin senator's dec- laration that "no power on earth" will stop him from seeking infor- mation from government employes about "corruption, graft or trea- son." McCarthy took this stand after a statement by Atty. Gen. Brown- ell from the White the executive branch of the government "sole responsibility" for protect- ing the nation's security.. Brownell, with President Eisen- hower's approval, gave this reply to McCarthy's earlier call on the two million federal workers in the executive department tp give the senator secret information despite presidential orders to the con- trary: Turn to Constitution "The obligations and duties of the executive, judicial, and legis- lative branches of the government are defined by the Constitution "That (executive) responsibility can't te usurped by any individual who may seek to set himself above the laws of our land or to over- ride orders of the President of the United States to federal employes of the executive branch of the government." The constitutional argument speedily found its way into the Senate Investigations (subcommit- tee's televised hearings' where it developed additional political over- tones. Firing in all directions, Mc- Carthy said: Eisenhower is "an extremely busy man" and is "getting bad advice." He is not suggesting that Brown- ell "resign or anything like but he hopes to persuade the at- torney general "that where he does have the duty to enforce the law, that we have the duty to ex- pose any failure to enforce law." He stands on his position that federal employes are "duty bound to give me information even though some littlj bureaucrat stamped it secret to protect him- self." Won't His Democratic colleagues on the investigations subcommittee, currently waging a fight for full access to subcommittee files, "will not get the names of the loyal gov- ernment employes who gave us the evidence of treason that has been growing over the past 20 or 21 years." These issues spewed out of the inquiry into Army charges that McCarthy and his aides improper- ly sought favored Army treatment for Pvt. Schine, a former unpaid subcommittee consultant, and the McCarthy camp's contention that top Army officials used Schine as a "hostage" in efforts to sidetrack an investigation into alleged Com- munists in Army installations. Roy M. Cohn, McCarthy's counsel, got in some under-oath denials yesterday of these charges but the subcommittee quit until Tuesday with cross-examination of him by Special Counsel Ray H. Jenkins still unfinished. McCarthy's attacks, which inter- rupted testimony, brought a Demo- cratic defense of the President and Brownell, Republican criticism of Democrats for making "political speeches" and a threat to carry the fight over subcommittee to the Senate itself. Sen. Symington (D-Mo) told newsmen that if McCarthy persists in what the Missourian called" blacking out information in the files from the Democrats, "I'm go- ing to take the issue to the Senate and find out where we stand." Remains Chairman McCarthy has stepped off the subcommittee for the inquiry into his dispute with Secretary Stevens and other Army officials, but he remains chairman of its parent Government Operations Commit- tee. Symington criticized GOP mem- bers for what he termed their "abysmal silence" while he and Sen. Jackson (D-Wash) were say- ing that BrpwneU and the Presi- dent were right in contending that no unauthorized person should get secrrity information from govern- mert employes. ;