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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 28, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Clearing, Colder Tonight; Frost In Deep Valleys Chiefs vs. Waseca 8 Tonight KWNO Dugout Interviews VOLUME 52, NO. 87 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 28, 1952 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES TODAY Republican Strength Up in Texas By JOSEPH ALSOP MINERAL WELLS, Tex. An important Republican gathering in Texas used to seem about as like- ly event, by the ancient of American politics, as a synod of atheists in St. Peter's Cathedral. Yet the Republican State Conven- tion held here in this rather bleak little resort town in the Texas hill country can quite easily turn out to be a major turning point in the party's history. There has been more here than bitter and crucial contest be- tween the supporters of Sen. Rob- ert A. Taft and General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, Be- hind the usual facade of wilted delegates, ugly banners and party managers exuding false self-confi- dence, people here have been ar- guing bitterly about what sort of party the Republican party ought to be. The simplest way to describe the concept of the Taft faction is to say they appear to believe that Republicanism- is almost like the British peerage, a rare, hereditary privilege. The best symbol of this viewpoint is National Committee- man Henry Zweifel, who has driv- en the Taft steamroller here. Fort Worth Lawyer Zweifel is a graying, aging Ft. Worth lawyer-businessman who was a United States Attorney in the happy Republican years of the He took the lead in the cam- paign of naked religious prejudice that won this state for Herbert Hoover on the only occasion when Texas has gone Republican. He inherited the state leadership from the late Col. R. B. Creager, whose name carries the tradition back to another big Taft convention, 1912, when the word "steamroller" added to the American po- litical vocabulary. The Zweifel political approach is disclosed by his public declaration that he would rather "lose with Sen. 'sinfully compro- Republican principles by'nominating Gen. Eisenhower. Like Creager before him, Zweifel has ijin the Texas Republican Party like a small private club. Like .Creager, to be sure, -he has also issued pious statements, be- fore each national election, that now was the time for a two-party system to develop in Texas. But in fact, the emergence of a two- party system in Texas is the last thing Zweifel wants. His sole dis- tinction, the only thing that sets him apart from the ruck of middle- prosperous Texans, is his post as National Committeeman. And if the Texas Republican Party here were anything but a small private club, the competition would be too stiff for Henry Zweifel. Taft Plan for Victory Sen. Taft long ago sewed up Zweifel and the other Southern leaders like him, whose support in fact was classed as a prime asset in the original Taft plan for vic- tory. It can be imagined, then, with what horror Zweifel and most of the other Republican club mem- bers heard the sudden knocking of uncontrollable masses of Texas voters on the club doors. This was the Eisenhower surge in Texas. Certain regular Repub- licans, like the former candidate for governor, Alvin Lane, partici- pated in the movement. The great mass of the Eisenhower rooters was composed, however, of form- er Democrats, or independents, or of younger men and women who had never troubled to vote. They had two things in common. They wished to get rid of the Demo- ocratic National Administration. And they saw in Gen. Eisenhower a Republican candidate they could vote for with enthusiasm, a man offering them final escape from the one party prison in this state. Ignores Majority As the law here requires, these Eisenhower enthusiasts paid their poll taxes; they signed the neces- sary pledge of Republican alle- giance; and they flocked into the Republican precinct meetings. In the majority of counties, they overwhelmed the Zweifel organiza- tion by sheer weight of numbers. In big Dallas County, for exam- ple, attendance at Republican pre- cinct meetings actually ran higher than attendance at the Democratic gatherings; and the Eisenhower enthusiasts polled close to 80 per cent of the Dallas County Republi- can votes. The riposte of the Zweifel organ- ization has -been, very simply, to ignore the majority against it. The State Executive Committee has seated pro-Taft delegations. Those delegations chosen here to go to the Republican National Conven- tion will hardly represent more than a third of the people who have signified their wish to vote Republican by signing up and go- ing to tie precinct meetings. The pro-Eisenhower contesting delega- tion will represent the other two thirds. The .Zweifel tactics have been countenanced and approved by Sen. Taft's personal representa- tives on the spot, David Sinton Ingalls and Brazilla Carroll Reece. Car in Flight Honor Dead, Protect Living Safety Council Warns 310 Will Die Over Holiday CHICAGO National Safety Council estimates 310 Ameri- cans will die in traffic accidents during the Memorial Day week- motorists fail to drive with extra caution. The council said today it expects the roads and highways to be jammed with more than 35 million vehicles. The grim estimation of fatalities was made for a three-day holi- day 6 p.m. Thursday to midnight Sunday. Friday is Memorial day. Memorial day fell on Wednesday last year, and it was a one-day holiday. Traffic deaths then num- bered only 84, a postwar low. Fifty lives were lost in other types of accidents, and the total for the day was 134. The council urges all drivers to: "Honor the dead by protecting the living." It ialso requests them to take this pledge: 1. To make sure my car is in safe mechanical condition. 2. To start a trip in plenty of time. 3. To keep my speed down so that the car is under control at all times. 4. To pass other cars only if there is plenty of room. 5. To stay far enough behind other cars so that I can stop in an emergency. 6. To keep my temper, to be courteous and patient in heavy traffic. 7. To refrain from drinking before driving. 8. To stop and rest whenever over-tired or sleepy. Soviets Tighten Noose on Berlin Shided outlines West Germany, hailed a "new partner in the fight for peace and freedom" after West German Chancellor Adenauer and foreign ministers of the United States, France and Great Britain signed the Allied-West Germany peace contract at Bonn, Germany. (AP Wirephoto Map.) By RICHARD K. O'MALLEY BERLIN East Germany tightened its squeeze on blockade-threatened Berlin another notch today. Orders went out to Red police to shoot to kill anyone caught without a proper pass in "the Iron Curtain's new three-mile no-man's land along the West German border. The shooting order was the latest in a series of revenge moves against the Bonn government's al- liance with the West. It all but sealed off the Communist-girt former capital, which trembled in fear of a resumption of the 1948-49 siege. The Russians continued their ban on Allied military patrols travel- ling the 110-mile Berlin-Hetastedt Autobahn, sole highway link be- tween the isolated city and the West. Regular civilian traffic continued to flow normally, but a new formu- Truman Rakes Kremlin for Germ War Lies WASHINGTON (S> President Truman raked the Kremlin today for "passing out the lies" that the United Nations have used germ warfare in Korea. The President told a White House delegation: "The Kremlin cries that we have used germ warfare. "There isn't a word of truth in that. We have never broken the Geneva Convention in our opera- tions in Korea. "And they know that. They know it well. But they keep on passing out the lies that have no founda- tion in fact whatever." A delegation from the American Action Committee Against Mass Deportations in Romania heard the President assert: "The Kremlin bombards the world with cries of And the Kremlin brings on war, at every point that she pos- sibly can." Senate Rejects Further Aid Cut WASHINGTON WV- The Senate today rejected, by a 41 to 33 vote, a further 500 million dollar cut in the foreign aid bill. Neither side in the sharp contro- versy on trimming the aid pro- gram had been sure in advance .how the vote would go. Mrs. L. B. Thompson (above) of East Orange, N. J., who was discharged from the Women's Army Corps reserves because she had a baby, protests to Senate armed services com- mittee" in Washington at a hearing. She proposes a change of regulations permitting mothers to serve in the WAC reserves. (AP Wirephoto) la for transit visas adopted by the Reds yesterday could choke off traffic between West Berlin and the Bonn republic'at any time. The Russians also let a jeep- escorted three-truck U.S. Army convoy use the highway and an American officer said: "Apparent- ly they don't mind through travel but for some reason object to our patrols going up and down 'their' road." In Paris the Big Three Western powers said they would regard ag- gression against Berlin as a threat to their own security. The new visa formula tears up an agreement between the Western Powers and Russia which had al- lowed West Berlin and West Ger- man authorities to issue interzonal passes for transit travel through the Russian zone in either direc- tion. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST 1 Winona and Vicinity Clearing tonight and Thursday. Cooler to- night with light frost possible in deep valleys. Low tonight 42 in city, 38 in country. High Thursday LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, minimum, 44; noon, 47; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on 20. Defense Waste 20 Billion Plus, Baruch Believes WASHINGTON Bernard M. Bamch told senators today that more than 20 billion dollars is being wasted on the defense program. He urged a broad overhauling of the multi-billion dollar defense effort with emphasis on faster pro- duction of aircraft, tanks, guns, and other weapons of war. financier and ex-adviser to presidents, testified at an opening hearing of the Sen- ate Preparedness Subcommittee. Greater Air Power Baruch joined forces with mem- bers of Congress who have been urging greater air power to match and outstrip Soviet Russia's. Through a series of questions, Baruch took pot shots at President Truman, the State Department and others on diplomatic, defense and domestic issues. Without mentioning Truman by name Faruch protested the White House decision to delay or stretch- out the program for a 143-wing Air Force, And he opposed bringing Western Germany into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization until Western Europe is armed and able "to forestall any Soviet coup." He also questioned the adminis- tration decision to build up pro- duction capacity of defense plants rather' than speed production of the actual weapons. B-36 Explodes At Fort Worth FORT WORTH giant B- 36 bomber exploded and burst into flames as it hit a runway at Cars- well Air Force Base here at p. rn. today. A witness said he thought one wing exploded and then the fire began. A B-36 ordinarily carries a crew of 15 or 16. An airman at the field was asked if they got anybody out. He said, "They didn't have a chance." Third General Losing Command Over Koje Riots Red Banners To Be Moved, Clark Aide Says By WILLIAM JORDEN KOJE Korea A third American general is losing his command because of the kid- naping of Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd by Communist prisoners of war, it was learned today. He is Brig. Gen. Paul F, Yount, commander of the Pusan Army Base who was reprimanded in Washington last week. The Depart- ment of the Army said he "over- looked the erroneous implica- tions" of promises made to secure Dodd's release by POWs on Koje Island. A high military official who de- clined use of his name told The Associated Press Yount would be transferred within a week. The promises, made by Brig. Gen. Charles Colson, led to still- continuing Red propaganda blasts at the United Nations command. They were repudiated by Gen. Mark Clark, Far East commander. The U. N. POW camp on Koje was in Yount's Pusan command. Both Generals Dodd and Colson successively were ousted as Koje commanders and were demoted to their permanent rank of colonel because of the kidnaping and Col- son's promises. Due for Reassignment Ironically Yount was due for for- mal reassignment in a month. His new assignment was not divulged. But before the Koje incidents he was reported slated for duty with the Army chief of transportation in Washington. Clark's personal representative inspected Koje today and reported the prisoner situation "touchy but I think we've got it in hand." Major Gen. Blackshear M. Bry- an, deputy chief of staff to Clark, toured the rebellious camp with Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner, the new commandant. Bryan was chief of the board of inquiry which reviewed the Eighth Army investigation, board's findings on the Dodd kidnaping and the concessions promised by Colson. In Washington, there were new demands for fuller explanation of the Koje riots that date back to last September, Sen. Bridges (R- NH) said he wants an investiga tion to show whether Gen. Mat- thew B. Ridgway, whom Clark succeeded, "should share in the blame for the disgraceful, astound- ing conditions at Koje." Ridgway has gone to Paris as the new NATO commander. Bryan said "Gen. Boatner has done a fine job and I am 100 per cent behind him." Stores Open Thursday Evening t Downtown Winona stores will be open until 9 p. m. Thursday, to permit Memorial Day shop- pers to prepare for the holiday weekend. The change was necessitated by the all-day closing of the stores for the Memorial Day observance, May 30. Next week, the stores will return to the regular Friday evening opening. "Is That What All The Fuss was six-month old Joanne Cecily Stone seems to be thinking as she gazes wide-eyed at safety pin recovered from her trachea in a delicate two-hour operation. Little Joafcne is shown with her mother shortly after being returned safely to her home in Reading, Pa. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Full Investigation Of Red Uprisings Asked in Congress WASHINGTON (5t-Demands arose in both congressional anc military circles today for a fuller explanation of whole series of Red uprisings in the Koje prisoner of war camps. Sen. Bridges (R-NH) said he wants a Senate investigation to show whether Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway "should share in the blame for the disgraceful, astound- ing condition at Koje." Military leaders here have asked the Far East Command to explain how, with so much previous vio- lence in the stockades, the Com- munists were permitted to get as far out of hand as they did this month. Bridges sa'id he was far from satisfied with Ridgway's testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee last week. Other mem- bers of the group said in separate interviews they have been amazed by disclosures since that private meeting with the former Far East commander. Ridgway testified while en route to his new assignment as supreme Allied commander in Europe. He was quoted as saying he knew of i Red Forces In N.Korea Doubled, Claim LONDON Lord Alexander, Britain's defense minister, said to- day Communist forces in North Korea have been almost doubled since the cease-fire talks began last July. He said the ComEmnist forces only two major disorders in the now are not far short of one mil- camp, both this spring, before the Reds seized the camp commander as a hostage early this month. "The truth is now coming out little by Bridges said. "And I am not going to be satisfied until we get the whole truth as to who was responsible. "It is too difficult to imagine camp commanders allowing such conditions without either orders or at least encouragement from their superiors." Bridges, the Senate Republican floor leader, told a reporter he ex- pects the armed services commit- tee, of which he is a member, to order a full-scale inquiry. Sen. Russell the com- mittee chairman, said he will ask the group to decide whether an in- vestigation is warranted. He re- served further .comment. The Army here was asked about (.Continued on Page 14, Column 5) KOREA Two Delegates to the Texas State Democratic Convention exchange blows during the walkout of part of the delegation at San Antonio, Tex. The fight was caused when i bolting member attempt- ed to take a county banner with him and the other delegates wanted it to remain with them. (AP to The-Republican-Herald) lion men compared with just over last July. He added that were mostly forces have taken full advantage of the lull in the fighting -to reinforce, re- the reinforcements Chinese; The Communist and re-equip their he told tlje House of organize Lords. Alexander declared" Communist reinforcements mainly have been used to build up North Korean units to full strength. "At the same time the enemy's strength in armor and artillery has steadily mounted, and they are be- lieved to have over 500 tanks and self-propelled Alexander said. "There have been large in- creases in the numbers of anti- aircraft and anti-tank guns, heavy mortars and field artillery, and rocket launchers have also made their appearance." "There has been a marked in- crease in the size of the enemy air forces which have about aircraft compared with some aircraft last said Alexander. "About of these are jet fighters, mostly MIG 15s." As for the possibility of a sud- den Communist attack, Alexander said: "There is no evidence at present of an imminent enemy attack, but with their reinforcements the Com- munists are now in a position to launch a major offensive with lit- tle warning and could maintain the initial pressure of the attacks for some time. "The United Nations forces have not been idle during the last 10 months. The result of operations has been that the United Nations has air superiority over the im- mediate battle area." Aga Khan's Horse Wins English Derby EPSOM DOWNS, England The Aga Kahn's Tulyar came up with a terrific rush through the stretch to win the 173rd and rich- est running of the English derby today. Stolen Auto Overtaken Near Houston Sgt. Makes Arrest After Pursuit A two-hour chase over hills and hrough valleys by Traffic Sgt. Edward Hittner of the Winona po- ice force paid off shortly before noon today when Jerome (James) ileyers, 21, was apprehended on Vinegar Hill near Houston, Minn.; in possession of an automobile stolen from a Winona street last night. The chase, which started in West Jurns Valley, followed Highway 43 o Wilson, Highway 76 to Houston and eventually to the Vinegar TTJII area. Sgt. Hittner, who had been >racticing, at the police revolver range in East Burns Valley, was alone during the pursuit. He lost Heyers twice during the chase. The car, a 1951 Oldsmobile, was stolen from a parking place on Sast 3rd Street near Kansas Street jetween and 11 p. IB. Tues- day. It is owned by F. J. Schindler of Minneapolis. Seen Ntlr Late this morning the car wai reported seen in the Winona vicin- ,ty. Immediately after, the report was received by Winona Sheriff George Fort and his depu- ies and La Crosse police joined in ihe search. Sgt. Hittner heard the report over the police radio and drove to Highway 43 just as the car swept past, en route toward Wilson. He immediately took up the pursuit and followed the car until it turned off on Highway 76. He kept on the trail, however, after losing sight of'the car twice, and eventually caught the driver on Vinegar Hill. Details of the chue were not known here at 2 p. m. for Hittner and, others involved in-the chase had not yet returned to Winoni with Meyers. Sought Meyers is believed to be the same man sought for the theft of a house trailer from Latscb State Park near Whitman Dam late in April. At that time Sheriff Fort said he traced the movement of the trailer as far as Plainview and Meyers was identified as the per- son driving the car pulling the trailer. A warrant for Meyers' ar- rest was issued May 1. Meyers was reported to be alone today when captured. The youth is also wanted by the sheriff for questioning in connec- tion with the robbery several weeks ago of a Lewiston store. Fascism Revived In Italy, Party Shows Strength By JAMES M. LONG ROME nationalist in new returns from last weekend's local elec- tions, challenged Communism to- day as Italy's second strongest political force. The rapidly rising party is the Italian Social Movement which believes in Mussolini's cor- porate state in open defiance of Italian constitutional bans on re- surgent Fascism. It teamed with the diehard Italian Monarchist prewar king played straight man for II pull the biggest surprise of the Sunday-Monday elections in Italian towns and 26 provinces. While Premier Alcide de Gas- peri's pro-Western Christian Dem- ocrat government majority bloc was winning in biggest MSI-Monarchist alliance seized control of two rich consola- tions. U. S. Arms Aid The rightwing hookup captured both the provincial and city coun- cils .of Naples, where NATO head- quarters for Southern Europe is located, and Ban, through which much U.S. arms aid funnels to Italy. As the vote count neared com- pletion, the Monarchists also were jubilant over the new heights to which their Fascist bedfellows had pulled them. Acbille Lauro, presi- dent of the Monarchist party, tele- graphed exiled ex-King Umberto [I in Portugal: "The great victory in Naples and Southern Italy has opened a sure road for victory in the forthcoming national elections. We shall con- tinue in the assurance now already well founded that we shall restore to Italy by democratic means her King." ;