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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 26, 1949, Winona, Minnesota LIGHT FROST TONIGHT READ DICK TRACY BACK PAGE DAILY VOLUME 49, NO. 85 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 26, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-FOUR PAGES AEG Approval of 2 Suspects Bared New York Mayoralty Harry Bridges Race Wide Open as O'Dwyer Withdraws New free-for-all scramble for the job of running the world's biggest city was touched off today by Mayor William O'Dwyer's announcement that he will not seek re-election. O'Dwyer had been expected to seek a second term next November and) his surprise withdrawal threw the race for the Democratic nomination wide open. Republicans and fusion forces as well as Democrats had potential candidates galore. The Democratic mayor told sur- prised newsmen late yesterday; will not be a candidate for re-elec- tion as mayor in the coming elec tion." He refused to elaborate on the statement, or to give any clue to his plans for the future, except to say he would serve out his term which ends next December 31. He laughed off suggestions he might be drafted for another term. The 58-year-old mayor was treat- ed for a heart condition in the early part of last year, but his health in recent months apparently .has been good. s There was speculation that he might seek the nomination for U. S. senator to replace the aged and ailing Democratic Senator Robert F. Wagner, who may resign soon. Indicted on Citizenship Count Trio Facing Perjury and Conspiracy Charges San Brid ges, leftwing West coast labor lead er, and two of his top aides Were indicted by a federal grand jury yesterday on perjury and conspir jacy charges stemming from Brid 'ges' citizenship hearing in 1945. The Immigration service imme diately filed a civil complaint seek' ing to revoke Bridges' citizenship This action declared Bridges Was not only a, communist at the time he became a citizen, but still is. Many West coast observers in- terpreted the double barrelled. ac- tion as signaling the start of a third government attempt in ten years to deport the 47-year-old Rear Guard Fight Delays Shanghai Reds By Fred Hampson handful of Na- tionalist rear guards still stalled the communist occupation of Shanghai at Soochow creek today. (Longshoremen's and Warehouse- They seemed determined to fight, ;o the end to cover a government 'Dunkirk" at Woosung. For almost 24 hours this small Nationalist force had kept the reds away from the Soochow and from garrison troops withdraw- ing to the Yangtze escape port 100 miles to the north. The battle raged in the heart of this Asian metropolis near the men's union. Indicted with him were J. R, Robertson, first vice-president of the ILWU, and Henry Schmidt, member of the Longshore coast labor relations committee and for- mer president of Bridges' local here. Bail for each was set at Some thought he might seek the j confluence of Soochow creek with nomination for governor next year Also, he was reported to have offers of well-paying positions in private business when his term in the mayor post ends QTDwyer has had an increasing burden of political woes lately. He has been carrying on a bitter feud with the leadership o'f Tam- many hall, the Manhattan Demo- cratic organization that supported him for mayor four years ago along wiih other party county organiza- tions. Ex-Judge Samuel Seabury, the tamed investigator, recently start- ed to rally the old fusion forces to oppose O'Dwyer and Tammany hall. Seabury managed the three fusion campaigns that elected the late Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia. And Clendenin J. Ryan, multi- millionaire crusader, has been staging a campaign against the mayor and publishing a weekly the Whangpoo river at the north end of the famous Bund. Peking road was a no-man's land near the Bund. So was the lower part of the Bund where it runs Boys Who Crashed Two Gravel Trucks Paroled to Parents Rice Lake, Wis. boys who permitted a pair of gravel trucks to roll down a hill and crash together have been placed in their parents' cus- tody, Sheriff Harry Jensen said yesterday. The boys, all 12 year-old Cameron residents, told the sheriff they broke into the Sand and Grav- el Company yard Monday night and found the keys for the trucks. They drove the a new the top.of the gravel pit and then let them roll down the sides and crash together at the bottom. Jensen said the boys' parents will be asked to settle in damage to the trucks. Short Foreign Aid Bill Slated Fo Pass House Washington House budget utters promised today to let a oreign aid money bill go to the enate without major change. They announced agreement to an dministration proposal to let the Economic Co-operation administra- _. on operate during the next year The union promptly assailed the n almost much money as Pres, indictments as "a political frame- ident Truman requested. up" by the Truman administra- tion and an attempt to put the union out of business. One count charged the three men conspired against the immigration laws by fraudulently obtaining nat- into Garden bridge, one of the fouriuralization for Bridges on Septem 1945. Another count charg- ed Bridges with perjury in deny- sault. The U, S. consulate general is Peking road and the Bund meet. The battle area embraced some of Shanghai's finest modern build- ings north and south of Soochow creek. These include the 16-story Broadway mansions, the seven- story embankment building, the post office, the British and Soviet consulates. Trapped in these buildings were luridreds of ing that he was then, or ever had been, a member of the Communist party. The third count charged Schmidt and Robertson with per- jury. It "accused them of testify- ing falsely that Bridges had not been a member of the Commu- nist party. Bridges was in New York. He went there after recent stormy The agreement does not restore any of the chopped by the appropriations committee from the E.C.A. budget. But it permits the money to be spent in a shorter period than the committee had pro- posed. "We will not oppose the amend- Republican Leader Martin of Massachusetts told, newsmen. "As a matter of fact, we favor it." Lilienthal Defends Atomic Progress E. Lilienthal told congressional investiga- tors today that the Atomic Energy commission (AE.c.) cleared two men for secret work despite adverse recommendations from its security officer. The A.E.C. chairman named the men as Dr. Edward U. Condon, head of the Bureau of Standards, and Dr. Prank Graham. At the time of the-commissiori action Graham was president of the University of North Carolina. He is now a Democratic senator from North Carolina. Lilienthal was the first witness as the Senate-House atomic energy committee opened hearings into charges of "incredible mismanage- ment" in the A.E.C. The charges, and a demand for Lilienthal's removal, came from Senator Hickenlooper a member of the committee and its former chairman. At the outset, Lilienthal was per- mitted to make a long statement in which he said atomic develop- ment was once bogged down but is now "really rolling" and that pres- ent research is directed at develop- ing new atomic weapons of greater reliability. idollars of railway cargo has piled! Lilienthal asked that the inquiry Airlift Gets Main Supplies Into Berlin By Daniel DC Luce Berlin Once again, airlift jplanes roaring in on an i daily schedule are western Berlin's main source of supply. Millions of The Casket Of James Forrestal rests beneath the canopy at funeral services at Arlington National cemetery amphitheater, Arling- ton, Va. The Eight Rev. Wallace E. Conkling, far left, behind casket, bishop of the Episcopal diocese of Chicago, was officiating clergyman. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Congress Asked to Give Truman Revamping Power By Charles Molony Hoover, commission today wound up two years of work with an urgent appeal to Congress to 'give President Truman the fullest possible power to reorganize the government. "We cannot afford to lose this opportunity to put the operation the federal government on a sound and efficient the "order up at the Soviet zonal line and in Berlin's strikebound railyards in what now amounts to a semiblock- ade. embrace the accomplishments as well as the errors of the commis- sion, and proposed a list of 30 scientists and others who should be called as witnesses. One was jipa'rtisan commission declared in ts final report to Congress. The tremendous financial burden Representative Taber of New of government on our people today York, top Republican on the ap makes it imperative that full value propriations committee and one of the economy leaders in the Souse, said he has nonobjections to the amendment. Government officials bad object- ed vigorously to the cut made by British, Portugese, Netherlander, and many Chinese. Rifle and machine gun fire iplattered against some of the ;tructures. A few bullets punctured them. Two bullets landed in U. S, consul General John Cabot's bed- newspaper attacking his adrnlnis-iroom in the Glenline building. tration. All in all, the Irish-born, mayor's But so far the only known for- last few months have been eign casualty was a British sub- the most hectic he has experienced since he landed here four dcades ago. Soviet Puppet Warns Czechs Of Russ Power Prague Communist Pres dent Klement Gottwald saj Czechoslovakia can rely on th Soviet union and that other nation should stop interfering in Interna Czech affairs. He expressed the wish, that the other nations should "hel us in our endeavor to widen eco nomic relations on the basis o equality and without discrimina tion." Gottwald spoke yesterday at th opening session of the ninth con gress of the Czech Coromunls party. The session was closed, bu most of his speech was broadcas on the Czech radio. The president said Czechoslovak! must prove it can operate more ef ficiently under its communist gov- ernment than under a free enter prise system. He said it was there- fore necessary to reach the goaL set up under the country's five year economic plan Gottwald's address was mild on foreign questions, but there were a few allusions to foreign imperial- ists. He declared his government's for- eign policy "will aim at the Insur- ing.of-the Independence of the re- public. We know our .friends and we know on whom we can rely come good or bad. That is the Soviet union. "Where the others are concern- ed we have but one they quit Intervening in our internal af- fairs." Small armored cars, part of the equipment of the security police, prowled the heavily guarded capi- tal as the congress opened. Antlcommunist, leaflets and chain letters distributed In the last few days probably have caused some un- easiness among officials. The chain letters have called on Czechs to write to the United States embassy to ask ths U. S. to demand elections" in Czechoslovakia. "free This was the pattern of the battle of Shanghai on the second day of the communist occupation: The Nationalist holdout defenders had the bridges. They covered the avenues which led to Woosung through Hongkew, the part of Shanghai north of Soochow creek. The Nationalists had guns and snip- ers in many buildings. Vinson Pushes Probe of B-36 Purchasing Chairman Vin- son (D-Ga.) announced today there will be "a thorough and searching nvestigation" of the B-36 bomber surchasing program by the House armed services committee. He said he will request the in- quiry at a full committee Judge Charles B. Sears of m..___i___ TvTATir [session of the C.I.O. executive coun- the committee. Undersecretary of cil in Washington at which he and state Webb told a news conference other left wing leaders were told yesterday that it "would constitute to get in linejwith C.I.O. policies a: serious blow to the European recovery program." The agreement reached between administration and Republican leaders would give E.C.A. to finance its foreign aid program until May 15, 1950. This averages a month. Mr. Truman had asked for use between now and June 30, 1950. This would have per- mitted spending rate of 000, effective last April 3. Dallas Woman Killed in Flood or get out. The union said he would leave New York today for San Francisco. Robertson was reported in San Francisco. Schmidt, who has been directing the Hawaiian waterfront strike, surrendered to the U. S. marshal at Honolulu. He called the indictments "just another attempt by the employers to wreck the ILWU." Conviction on the charges car- ries a possible maximum penalty of seven years in prison and 000 fine. Government men taking part In the grand jury presentation includ- ed F. Joseph Dohohue, special assistant attorney general from Washington, and John P. Boyd, deputy commissioner of the im- migration and naturalization ser- vice. Boyd helped prepare the first deportation case against Bridges! in 1939. I Trinity's clear fork raged out Boyd said the move to revoke i banks and through broken levee Bridges' citizenship culminated a I again today closing three arterial Fort Worth, Texas Th long Investigation. "We have new evidence which has never been presented he said. "We feel reasonably certain of our case." He added that some prom- inent labor leaders had been help- ful in developing- the case. After Bridges' first deportation iearing in 1939, James M. Landis, ien dean of the Harvard law school, ruled the evidence failed to establish that Bridges was, at ;hat -time, a member of, or affil- iated with, the Communist party, second hearing was held In next Tuesday. The veteran Georgia lawmake made his announcement as a Re publican member of his committe asked the House to set up a specia ommittee to do the same job. Representative Van Zandt R- "a.) introduced a resolution yester day to institute an investigation o all Air Force plane procuremen jolicies, going back over four years an Zandt laid emphasis on th onnection of. Louis Johnson with Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Cor oration, makers of the B-36, up o the time Johnson became sec retary of defense. Vinson told reporters yesterday e would not favor an investiga- on by his committee If the Sen- te armed services committee was undertaking the job as indicated y the Senate group Tuesday. To- however, he said he undur- tood the Senate committee "is not oing to do it." The House investigation, Vinson xplained, will cover "all phases f the B-36 bomber." He added: "Specifically, I shall ask the com- littee to look into such facts as when this bomber was purchas- why it has been purchased, ow it was purchased, and any and other collateral matters that ich inquiries may develop, includ- ing any cancellations of other air- aft procurement that may have esulted from purchases of the B- York recommended Bridges' deportation on the ground he "has been affiliated" with communists. But the United States Supreme court held there was no evidence! streets and lapping ominously u toward the residential and busices area inundated by last week's multl million dollar flood. The river rose again after tor rential rains deluged north an west Texas last night, causing a least one death and considerabl property damage. A 46-car freight train plungei into a washout in Jqhnson county A woman was swept to her deat by a rampaging creek at Dallas, A storm unroofed homes at Daw son, 20 miles southwest of Corsi to support the finding and revers ed Sears. U. S. Steel Sets Wage Talk Plan U. S. Stee Corporation has informed John L Lewis of its willingness to mee1 with the United Mine Workers chieftain to write a new contract tor its "captive" coal mines. So-called captive mines are those owned and operated by the steel corporation in connection with its steel production. In a letter to Lewis yesterday, iarry M. Moses, president of the I. C. Frick Coke Company, a U. S. Steel subsidiary, wrote that the company preferred to begin ne- gotiations after a contract has been eached with commercial operators. Moses added, however, that if Jewis is "adamant on an earlier meeting, I will, of course meet with you at a time and place con- enient for you, preferably after une 10, 1949." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and Vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Friday. Con- tinued cool with local light frost tonight. Low tonight 40 in the city and 36 in the country. High Friday 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum 42; noon, 66; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomor- row at DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Lake City Reads Stage Today Change 13 Winona 12 Dam 6, Pool 6.0 3.2 5.3 10.0 Dakota 7.3 Dam 7, Pool 9.2 Crosse 12 4.6 Tributary Streams Chippewa at Durand Buffalo at" Alma 1.8 Black at Neillsville 23 Black at Galesvffle 2.8 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.4 .1 -f- 2 loot at Houston Root at Hokah -f .1 6.0 39.6 RIVER FORECAST During the next 36 hours there will be very little change in the water levels throughout the district. be received for the taxpayers' dol- lar." The group headed by Former President Herbert Hoover asked the lawmakers 1. Let the President's present plans for a .thorough .modern- ization of the huge federal es- tablishment without hampering him by exempting certain agen- cies. 2. Let his proposals take ef- fect unless the Senate and House both disapprove them within 60 days. 3. Take the hand of Congress out of administrative fields, thus freeing the executive branch of present restrictions. In the past few months, the com up by Congress in 1947 offered some 277 recommenda- tions, with aid from some 300 "task force" experts. Hoover has esti- mated that the group's proposals might save the taxpayers a year. "There is perhaps no time in his- the final report said, "when it has been more important to evaluate the effectiveness of the executive branch of the govern- ment in carrying out the will of Jongress and the people." Budget bureau analysts, figure about a third of the recommenda- :ions can be put into effect simply by presidential or departmental order, but congressional action is needed for the rest. Nearly one-fourth of all the re- Berlin Railroad Traffic Knotted, Russian Charge Russians charg- ed today that failure of the West- ern powers to unload .inter-zonal freight trains in Berlin has tied rail traffic in a knot. The complaint was voiced just strikers to handle incoming trains. The strikers have not handled the cargoes because the railways technically are under Russian con- trol. The strikers want, besides pay- ment in west four times the east Allied officials accused the Rus- sians today of imposing a new type! of Berlin blockade by "stubbornly refusing" to conciliate anti- communls? railway strikers who want paid In Western-sponsor- ed marks. The Russians replied that the strikers are to blame if Berlin has been cut off by rail from western Germany. The Western Allied command of Berlin met in extraordinary session a map new action in the rail crisis. Unofficial reports were that the iree Western commandants might ed, but remarked that Lilienthal apparently did not know that "Con- gress wants to go home by August 1." Senator Connally (D.-Texas) com- mented that such an inquiry might "tend to obscure" specific investi- gation of Hickenlooper's charges. Hickenlooper objected that Lilien- thal was attempting to emphasis "the emotional end of bomb mak- ing." What he is interested In, he said, is the policies of the commis- sion. "From, the standpoint of actual production the atomic energy pro- gram has gone forward due to the zeal and loyalty of the scientific and technical personnel in charge of the various Hicken- looper conceded. "The point of my he that all strikers will be taken back "is not the activities of on their jobs and recognition ofjthese but to the administra- their independent union fave Pohcies which the commission. under Mr. Lilienthal's guidance and Police Switched The kommandatura already has sent communist-controlled east sec- tor police out of the west sector railyards, replacing them with Al- lied-trained police. The ouster came after rioting by demonstrators in which two persons died. Since this action Tuesday, four influence, has followed and contin- ues to, follow. "These I believe to be harmful and not in the best interests of the continuing development of the basic programs outlined by Congress." Representative Elston (R.-Ohio) demanded to know If the commis- a day after .Britain had accused the Soviets of violating the agree- ment under which the Berlin .block- ade was lifted. Soviet transport days after the strike had ever overruled its security a half dozen west German supply officer. Lilienthal replied that it had done officials said) trains have reached Berlin. Hun dreds of loaded freight cars still are untouched in the west Berlin yards. Some 38 west German trains lare reported blocked in the Soviet 42 supply trains, some carrying rails inside Berlin with the Wester-! ners making no effort to unload them. Trains from western zones are backed up all the way from Berlin to Helmstedt, on the east- west border, the Russians alleged. They reported loaded freight cars idle in Berlin and nearby Magdeburg, some of them having reached this strike-plagued city night before last. Russian-licensed newspapers 'in the Soviet zone reported the Am- erican and British zone comman- ders have been told of the "nec- essity for unloading these trains, which are choking up railway itish-Ameri- can airlift is bringing in tons of supplies a day. Truck fleets are shuttling between here and western Germany. Some slow barge traffic has started up, but the planes are Berlin's principal reliance. Bad Faith Charged The British military government has charged the Russians with baa lines." German police said one inter- commendations, they say, can 'ram reached the accomplished by a single Spandau rail yards this sional action-adoption of a bul to af. the paralyzing strike thP President additional re- of west Berlm railway workers C.On- give the President additional re- organization power. Each house already has adoptei such a measure, but there remain hese differences which a Senate louse committee now is trying tt iron out: The House voted to exempt a number of agencies, the Senate none. Under the House bill, presi- .ential proposals would "be killet >nly if both chambers agreed in pposition, while the Senate would et either the House or Senate alone eto them. )istricf Army ingineer Moved St. Walter K. Wilson, Jr., St. Paul district en- gineer for the past three years, as received orders to report June 10 at Mobile, Ala., where he will ead the Mobile district of the orps of engineers. While heading the St. Paul dis- trict, Colonel Wilson has supervised orps river and har- or and flood control projects of jtinued. British officials said only 'two supply trains have reached their destinations in Berlin this week. The striking rail union announc- ed it has offered to run inter- zonal trains to their proper des- tinations and unload them, but the Russian railway managers re- jected the offer. Railway service in both east and -west zones is operated by the Soviets under a four-power agreement. The strikers last night rejected a peace bid from their employers which met only one of their three de- mands. This was an offer to pay ,heir wages in west marks, in stead of Soviet zone currency, as at present. The strikers stuck to .heir other demands: For recogni ion of their union, and re-employ- ment of employes 'fired in the past year for "political reasons. Mississippi river drainage in Minnesota, parts of Wisconsin and iwa and for the drainage of the ,ed River of the North in Minnp- and parts of North and South akota. He has also directed per-j afrost investigations, a study of jnstruction methods on perma- nently frozen ground, being con- ducted in Alaska by the St. Paul District. so in only two cases, so far as he could remember. He identified Rear Admiral John Gingrich as the secur- ity officer involved. Lilienthal then said the commis- sion cleared Condon and Graham despite adverse recommendations. The hearings had gotten little further than that when a recess was taken. McMahon announced ihere would be no further public learings until some time next week, jut that the committee would meet in a closed session tomorrow. Hickenlooper remarked that Lili- enthal in an hour's statement to Romania Planning Slack Sea Canal Bncharest, Romania The 'overnment announced plans today to start immediate construction of a canal from the Danube to the Black sea. Once planned with British aid'as guarantee against Russian con- trol of the Danube, the canal now will be built with Russian aid, reliable sources said. It will stretch about 60 miles from Cerna-Voda on the Danube to Lake Tasaul, near the coastal port of Constanta. faith in maintaining an economic the committee had dealt "in gen- st.raTKrlplinlri on this The Brit- eralities." Hickenlooper added that he wants "to re-emphasize that I have not in any degree Impugned Mr. Lili- enthal's personal honesty nor his personal patriotism to his country. "I believe he is sincere in his be- liefs and in his he said. "It is with his policies and with a continuation of those policies that I sharply disagree." Scant Clues On Reuther Ambush Sifted Detroit Police sifted scant Clucs today fa tbe ambusn attemPl stranglehold on this city. The Brit- ish sent a volley of communiques at the Russians last night, and some viewed this as indipating a possibility that the foreign minis- ters meeting in Paris on Germany may be headed for a breakdown. The Soviet-administered railway system refuses to deal directly with the strikers. Its compromise offer of 30 per cent wages in west marks instead' of the demanded 100 per cent for the west Berlin employes has been rejected by the Allied- sponsored union. The strike is hurting both sides seriously. Compared with 30 train- loads -of reparations goods which usually headed for Russia from east 3ennany, only ten are now report- ed leaving. The west Berlin yards axe 'paralyzed with signals and switches untended and telephone lines cut by the strikers. This hit Soviet, west German and Berlin urban traffic alike. The Russians said the Western Dowers powers tof ln irauio ui A freight trains unloaded. Wisconsin Youths Barred From Taverns Unless on Business Madison, Wis. Start- ing today, boys and girls under 18, forbidden by law to remain in a tavern unless accompanied by a parent or guardian or transacting business, will find the law enforced rigidly. The state beverage tax division last night asked fullest co- operation from holders of Class B beer licenses in enforcing the law. The division said: "If enforc- ed, this will materially assist in improving juvenile delinquency which has increased to an alwming degree in recent years." Violation carries a maximum fine of for the minor as well as the tavernkeeper. an unknown attacker's gunfire. At the same time the F.B.I, was considering whether to enter the investigation after a stream of re- quests from a number of quarters. including Congress, the C.I.O. and the state of Michigan. So far only local authorities, with the help of state police, were push- ing the search for the mysterious assailant. Reuther, 37, educational director for the C.I.O.'s big United Auto Workers union, was shot at through a living room window of his home Tuesday night. The police clues were the weap- on, a double-barreled 12 gauge shot- gun abandoned in the Reuther yard and a heel print. Except for neighbors' reports of seeing an "old model car" drive off rapidly after the gunshot, au- thorities otherwise lacked much ev- :dence. Surgeons at Henry Ford hospital yesterday removed Reutfcer's right eye, which a shotgun' pellet bad virtually ripped to- pieces. ;