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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 26, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w BATHER Clear tint! Ilttta warmer tonight. Tfuimdny fnrtly cloudy. IS HERE Dial 97.5 for tho But In Badlo Full Leased Wire Newi Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 46. NO. 85 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING. MAY 26. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Reds Put Pressure On Czechs By Slowart Alsop this newest of the police states, there Is no visible terror. Instead, Prague has an air of drab respectability. Dumpy wo- men wheel their baby carriages in tho lovely spring sunshine. The crowded trolley cars ure painted a cheerful red. Tho restaurant food is worse than England's and tne store windows arc sparsely filled. Yet tho air of determined, un- Mnrxlst respectability persists. The Western visitor even notes with some surprise an occasional pecu- liar Cuoch version of that intensely bouvRools importation, "The New Look." Except for the ubiquity of tho tough, red-capped police, Prague might almost be any western Euro- pean city. Yet there is a difference. Tho terror Is Invisible. Yet U Is thoro. bolow tho surface. Today, hardly three months since the Czechs meekly surrenderee! Arabs Reject U.-N. Truce Demand w ___ I Benes 'Gravely Czech Official Says ollicial Czechoslovak diplomatic source said today President Eduard Benes Is "gravely 111" and is not expected to recover. The Informant said Czechoslovakia's president had "two strokes recently. Benes has been ill for a number of months. A spokesman lor the Czechoslovak embassy would make no formal comment on his condition now, beyond saying that the state of the president's health is "very serious." _____________ Draft-Rights Bills May Be Merged are stories, to bo sure, which seep through to the isolated Westerners and which have a familiar stories of n wife beaten in her hus- band's presence to force him to confess his part in the undorgrounc railway to tho West; stories of a soldier whoso arm was calmly broK- en by the secret police because he grumbled during tho parade for Bulgaria's Dlmltrov. FOR THE 'TERROR in czocho slovakln Is for tho most part an oddly polite tho time being, To be sure, the Jails are so overflowlnK with political prisoners that tho excess has had to bo accom- modated in "work po- lite term for concentration camps And the rubber hose and the rifle butt to tho Jaw arc- certainly oc- casionally found necessary Just how often Is doubtless known only to tho Ministry of tho Interior's tough sccond-ln-command, JIndrlcn or to Colonel Rletzin. little- known chief of tho O.B.Z. (the N.K.V.D, of this particular pro- gressive Yet fnr moro typical than the rubber hoso or the rinc butt of tho fashion In which Chechoslovakia' new ruling class maintains its ab- solute authority Is the case of a Czech whom we shall call Jan Kon- L ,t, nnti-communlst trade unlonjchange of papers mil be excluded. ac. Mr. Konac mlcht be a lawyer. or or an _. leader. He mlpht even be the secre- tary of a rowing club or of the Plngpong Association, since these two havo been purified, liko every aspect of Czech Hfe. In this case, however, Mr. Konac is, or was, n civil servant, Mr. Konao has not been clubbed or thrown into Jail, Indeed, no one has ever raised his voice to Mr. Konac. Yet Mr. Konac is ft victim, of the terror Just as surely as thoi Russ Relent On Ban of U. S. Publications Russians notified American authorities today they are ready to come to a suitable settle- ment for free exchange of publica- tions between the Soviet and U. S. zones of Germany, Major General George Hays, U. S. deputy, military governor, said the lifting of an American ban on Sov- iet-licensed publications "depends on whether the Russians give us guar- antees to remedy the situation." He said that since the ban went into ef- fect a week ago, there have been re- ports that Soviet authorities are re- laxing their interference. Colonel Gordon E. Textor, head of the American information control division, last week banned the im- portation of Soviet-licensed publica- :ions Into the American zone in re- illation for wholesale confiscation and other discriminations against American-licensed publications in ;he Soviet zone. In a conciliatory letter today, Jcutcnant General M. I. Dratlvln, ho Russian deputy military gover- lor, asked his opposite number in he U. S. zone, Major General I George Hays, to rescind the prohi- bition. "I can tell the letter said, "we hope to come to a suitable set- tlement by which every possibility of (IF) Senator Lan- ger (R.-N. said today he will try to tack President Truman's Synthetic Fuel Funds Approved Washington appropriations The committee House today recommended for work on synthetic liquid fuels during the year starting July 1. This is less than asked by the Budget bureau. foV'whcThavc''fclt tho rifle" butt orl The committee said It was recom- tho clcht to ten thousand the cut because it believed have fled to the cold comfort of" the American D. P. camps In Ger- many. Before February, Mr, Konac was nn argumentative and unwisely outspoken anti-Communist Social Democrat. One mornlns some weeks HKO, Mr. Konac found ft short note on his desk. It was signed by the action committee of his ministry. (Action committees were the chief instruments of entire civil rights program onto the draft bill, Legislation to revive the draft Is due to come up In the Senate soon Southern senators certainly wil start a filibuster If Langer tries to write Into it anti-lynehlng, anti- poll tax, anti-Jim Crow and other "civil rights" provisions. On the House side, signs are cropping up of growing opposition to a peacetime draft. Some 60 House members are seeking to speak against It even before the bill Is cleared to the House floor. Langer called a news conference to announce his plans. In a state- ment, he said Congress has not enacted any of the civil rights rec- ommendations of President Truman and is about to adjourn. He added: "President Truman has failed to Issue an executive order abolishing Army Jim Crow, and Congress has shown no Inclination to exercise Its legislative powers in this field. "For this reason I shall Intro- duce an amendment to bar all forms of racial segregation under any draft and I shall fight vigor- ously for its adoption. "These amendments -will Include protection for men In uniform against mob attacks and lynching, against segregation in Interstate travel, and against discrimination of any kind in public places and facilities." Draft opponents opened their arguments before the House rules committee yesterday. The first two were Representatives Folger (D.- (D.-N. Rait Unions Propose U.S. Ownership Congress Approval Needed; Operators See Diversion Try Washington A union de- mand that the government "begin preparations" to buy the railroads seemed to have little prospect today of being taken seriously In official Washington. A group of 20 railroad unions made the proposal last night. Their own leaders did not erj- Urely agree on how far they want to go with nationalization of the Industry. There was no Immediate com- ment from the White House or gov- ernment agencies. But observers noted that Congress would have to approve a step of this size step toward big I there are no signs that Congress Is in any such mood. Railroad management 'officials made light of the proposal. W. T. Farley, president of the Association of American Railroads, termed It "an attempt to divert! attention" from the fact that three I unions, the engineers, firemen and the recom- mendations of an impartial board in the present rail dispute. 20 Unions Heads of the 20 unions, banded together In the Railway Labor ex- ecutives' association, came to the aid of the firemen and switchmen last night.' The 20 executives adopted a bitter resolution. In it, they condemned the gov- ernment as a "strike-breaking agency" because it seized legal con- trol of the railroads May 10 and thus blocked a scheduled strike by the three unions. Then they demanded that the government, having taken legal :ontrol, now assume "the full re- sponsibilities of take control of revenues, and bargain di- rectly with -the unions on wages and working conditions. Finally they argued that the pri- vate operators more than once have shown their Inability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and have failed to provide the public with efficient and prompt service. Therefore, they said, the govern- ment should "begin preparations for the transfer of railroad owner- there would bo a carry-over funds from this year's approprla- some Of _ t real some syn hetic and fnr n n'pftre-1 ship from private interests to the being United state excess of hysteria in this country." He declared the armed forces "have made no real, concentrated effort to get their men by recruiting." Barden, who said he enlisted in the Navy in World War I, told the committee: "It is hard to oppose this at a time when the air is charged with a certain, amount of Clear Suggestion This clearly suggested permanent nationalization. If carried to a con- clusion It would mean buying the properties outright. But the labor leaders, at a news conference last night, were not ex- actly clear on their desires. H. W. Fraser, chairman of the ULncjT I1UU3C, Of driver, was critically Wlrepboto to r-Herald.) Farm Fund Bills Differ by Million Senate-House committee today got the Job of com- promising a difference in two bills to finance federal farm programs. The Senate added that amount to money previously approved by the House. As passed by a voice vote late yesterday, the Senate measure carries for the Agri- culture department during the year starting July 1. The total, is in direct appropriations. Most of the rest-is In loan authorizations. One difference in the actual ap- propriation figure is in the school unch fund. The Senate voted or more, than House. Before the bill passed, the Senate rejected, 42 to 38, an amendment by Senator Young (R.-Sf. D.) to restore a soil conservation payment formula, used until this year. Not a single ir the amendment. Virden to Continue In Commerce Post Washington John C. den, who offered to quit a high government post after disclosure that his 22-year-old daughter Is working for a Russian news agency, today withdrew his resignation. Secretary of Commerce Sawyer announced Vlrden's action In a statement saying: "I am. pleased to say that Mr. John C. Virden has withdrawn his letter of resignation and will con- tinue to carry on the work of the (Commerce department's) Office of Industry Cooperation as he has In the past." Virden, a 51-year-old Republican tlori which would enable the gram to go ahead without interrup- tion. It said if It's found that more money Is needed ib "will give every consideration to any additional re- quest." The program, which is being con- ducted by the Bureau of Mines in a number of experimental plants, one for the Plncponc Assocla- Is aimed at production of synthetic liquid fuels from such things as coal, oil shales, agricultural and forestry products. More than has been appropriated thus far. tlon tool. The action committee not impolitely informed Mr, Konac that ho had been adjudged un- suitable for further employment In his current capacity. SO MR. KONAC lost his Job. He also lost his beloved pension, for which he hncl worked lonp years al less than the going salary, In the expectation of a secure old age. A few days after the note ari-lvect! on his desk, Mr. Konac was inform- ed by the action committee of his npnrcmcnt house that he must va- cutu His apartment. Even so, Mr. Knunc lui.i not been sent to Jail, Jle has not even been sent to the mines, nlthouKh tho law says that unless lie finds another Job within ii limited number of weeks, the government can so dispose of him. nut the difficulty is in finding another Job. Always, when Mr. Ko- TWO applies, he Is asked why he left the ministry. When he an- swers that the action committed found him unsuitable, the answer Is always tho all full up." SOME NIMBLE Cr.cchs have fniTfl better than Mr. Konac. There Is, for rxumplc, the case of the anil-communist newspaper editor, whoso rliiftliiK denunciations of the communists before the regime took power cost him Ills Job. Now he has turned up as the public in- formation officer of an important ministry, nt u better salary than before, having undergone a start- ling political conversion. Yet Mr. Konac's case Is more typical, and the example of tho thousands of of Mr. Konacs exerts a quiet, con- tinuing pressure on the hundreds of thousands of potential Mr. Ko- nacs, so that no breath of opposition to the replmo (except amonpr n. few students) Is heard in Czechoslovakia today. A kind of dim twlllpht terror thus broods over the country of the dctid Mnsnryk and the old and broken Bonos. Yet, for reasons which will In this space, know aro un- luUmous In tho conviction that this terror cannot last for long. be examined latci' those who should Baileti Harold E. scn snld today he thought tho Republican party convention should name cither a New lantlcr or someone from the mid-Atlantic Males as his run- ning mate if he wins the party's presidential nomination. St. Guard troops will be withdrawn from the strikebound Wilson Com- packing plant nt Albert Lea Intc today, Major General Ellarcl A. Walsh, Minnesota adjutant general announced. United States should not recovery nltl to Russia or any of her eastern European satellites, W. Avcrell Uairiman, rovins: arn- fnr the European Re- covery propram, said today. some Induced, I am afraid, by sel- fish motives." But he said a draft would not be necessary if service pay, parti- cularly for enlisted men, were raised. Finn Cabinet Shaken Up to End Strikes Helsinki. Finland President Juno Paaslkivl shook up his cabinet today In an effort to end the po- litical crisis arising from comr. strikes. From to were on strike In Finland in protest against the dismissal of Yrjo Lelno, com- munist minister of interior censured by Parliament lost week. Paaslklvi appointed EIno KllpI, of tho communist-dominated Popular Democratic coalition, as minister of interior succeeding Lelno, Lennart Heljas, agrarian, was named minister of education. Hertta Kuuslnen, wife of Leino and real leader of the Finnish com- munists, was appointed vice-minis- ter for social affairs. Responsible quarters said all strikes started on the Leino issue will be ended at once. The walk- outs had paralyzed Finnish docks and spread to heavy Industries. Con- servatives said only were on strike; the communists and Popu- lar Democrats placed the number at t president lege for Chiang Moslem Troops Massacre 500 Red P. W.'s, Shcnsi Province, Chi- gruesome story of the massacre of 500 Chinese communist prisoners by national troops was told today by General Ma Wen-ting. Half the prisoners, he said, were beheaded with great broadswords curried by his fierce Moslem, and Buddhist troops. The others were killed with hand grenades. Without emotion, the grlm-visagcd Ma described the mass killing. It wns carried out last week at Ningh- sien, a Kansu province village near here. 'We chopped off one head after cenur uiuuiuii IM.VV wi juuhMn snM. the othei's tho night of terror must come Ma said. "We W on with hand grenades." The prisoners were part of taken at Nlnghslen where they fled after national troops routed them near Slan. The general, deputy chief of staff of the national 82nd division, said an uprising among the prisoners caused the massacre. "While we were sorting out com- munist regulars from conscripted he said, "the communists started an uprising. They shouted 'Mao Tse-tung' (Chinese commu- nist leader's name) and 'up with communism.' They became unman- ageable. We were forced to kill them." tlon and president of the Order of Railway Conductors, said: "We're not suggesting nationalization be- yond the present case." A. E. Lyon, executive secretary Tariff BUI 0. K. 'As Is' Seen Washington Amid Demo- cratic shouts of "gag Republi- of the association, put In: If they cans won nrst major test for (the rail companies) can't lr tarjjj bill today when the any better than, thy've been doing, better make it permanent." N. J. Educator Named Hamline President St. Paul Hurst Anderson, industrialist from Cleveland, Ohio, is director ol the OJ.C. which works out voluntary agreements by industry to direct steel and other scarce material to essential uses, He voluntarily handed in his resignation after Representative Crawford (R.-Mich.) had demanded that Sawyer oust the Ohloan from the position. Crawford cited the employment of Virden's daughter, Euphemia, by Toss, the official Russian news agency. Sawyer and President Truman Centenary Junior Col- Women, Hackettstown, N. J., today was new president of Hamline university. The 44-year-old educator was named by the board of trustees to succeed Dr, Charles Nelson Pace who will retire July 1, alter serving 14 years as Hamline president. Anderson, a graduate of Wesleyan university, is of the Junior Co'.lege council of the Middle Atlantic states. He also is president of the New Jersey As- sociation of Colleges and Univer- sities and treasurer of the National Association of Schools and Colleges of the Methodist church. Anderson studied law at the Un- iversity of Michigan and has done additional graduate work at North their tariff House voted to bar any amend- ments. The vote was 212 to 156. Repub- licans voted solidly to bar amend- ments; Democrats solidly to permit them. Democrats forced two votes. The a straight fl ln'your ]oyoJty Vtden yester- beUeve my faith unshaken." The President attributed the attack on VJrden to "political expediency." In rejecting Crawford's suggestion that Virden be ousted, Sawyer said the exposure of Virden's family af- fair was' "tragic." rwaso- .P. May Be Made Republican-Democratic split tolpermanent Auxiliary n ruie. consider a "no amendments" rule. The second was 19G to adopt the rule and 166 against. Some Re- publicans voted with, Democrats against it. That means the House must take the bill "as is" or reject it out- right. And the vote forecast it will be taken "as is." Democrats had fought for the right to propose changes. With this test out of the way, the drove for .ire before nightfall. It would extend the re- ciprocal trade act for one year and put congressional checkreins on the President's tariff-making powers. Secretary "of State Marshall has said the Republican measure would approval sent to the White House today leg- islation making the Civil Air patrol a permanent civilian auxiliary of the Air Force. The CAP was organized during the war as a temporary auxiliary. It carried out antisubmarine pa- trols, and performed courier serv- ices and other Jobs for the Air Red Tactics Seen In U. S. Public Power Program Washington One phase o the government's public power pro gram, smacks of Russian tactics, thi House appropriations committei charged today. It took specific issue with the sale of cut-rate BonneviUe power to a. public utility district which took over a private company through condemnation action without put- ting the issue to a popular vote. Such a "Soviet power policy" must stop, the committee declared. Its comment was contained in a report sending to the House floor a Interior department ap- propriation bill, cut 18 per cent be- low President Truman's estimates. The committee made no reference to testimony by Secretary Krug that the nation has "virtually nothing" In its stockpile of strategic and cri- tical Materials needed for military sc. Neither did it accept the recom- mendation of Chairman Harness (R.-Ind.) of an expenditures sub- committee that Michael Straus and Richard L. Boke be relieved of their Jobs as reclamation bureau execu- tives. Harness had complained that the pair spent too much time on departmental propaganda work and were not qualified. Krug's statement on stockpiling of critical materials came as the secretary testified on the general operations of the farfiung depart- New Fights Rage on Jew Lifeline No Air Bombing Of Jerusalem, Haganah Asserts Tho United failed today to win a truce In Pal- estine, and new fighting raged In the Holy Land. A dispatch from Jerusalem quot- ed Jewish sources as saying the Arab Legion of King Abdullah was thinning out north of the Holy City. possibly for transfer to the Latrun area, where the heaviest fighting Is reported. Latrun Is a key point on the lifeline highway from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The Arab Legion, claimed last night It had exterminated 600 Jews in a 24-hour battle at Latrun. Jew- ish sources In Jerusalem Indicated the battle still was on in the Lat- run area, A Jerusalem spokesman for Hag- anah, th e Jewish army, denied Je- rusalem had been bombed from tho air, as reported by a, Haganah source in Tel Aviv. The Jerusalem spokesman said the explosion taken for aerial bombs were only routine ground bombardment from. Arab Ines. C.N. Deadline Even before the United Nations security council deadline for a cease 3re, indications caanes from Arab capitals that the world organiza- tion had failed again to achieve peace in the blood-spattered Holy Land. The Arab League's political com- mittee reconvened this morning In. Amman, Trans-Jordan, to draft conditions for Arab acceptance or the security council's plea for a truce. These conditions are be- lieved to Include an end to Jewish Immigration, dlsbandment ot the Jewish army and return by the Jews of Jewish-occupied Arab ter- ritory. These are considered cer- tain to meet Jewish refusal. In London, British Foreign Sec- retary Ernest BevJn and U. S. Am- bassador Lewis Douglas met for the third time In four days to discuss plans for restoring peace In Pales- tine. British Officers Bevln told parliament the British treaty agreement to furnish offic- ers for the Trans-Jordan Arab Le- gion would continue unless It clashes our obligations to the United Nations." He said 37 British of- 3cers are with the Arab Legion, which lias been spearheading the warfare against Israel since May 15. British officials privately express- ed concern and astonishment at re- ports the U. S. may lend Israel A bill was Introduced in Congress for a lend-Iease military aid pro- gram of to the Jewish, state. It provided that American ships would carry military supplies and technical assistance to that The White House said no action is "Imminent" on lifting the arms embargo to the Middle East. ment, he told the committee, T will let the committee know that military strategic stockpiles don't exist. We have a few items that are not important, but on the ex- tremely important critical materials, we have virtually nothing in the stockpile." No Early Nomination at Philadelphia, Stassen Says Washington New signs! first and second choice strength shake the foundations of America's ,in th ta for the foreign economic policy. The ad- pointing to a convention deadlock nomi- ministration asked a tnree-year ex- jiyUlljUjIJtLJ. LLI VYVA n. U-v ii VJi western university and the Univer-i tension ot the present recipiocal slty of Chicago. trade act without change. Still Afloat After Five hours of shelling, the husky radioactive cruiser Salt Lake City .stands awaiting the coup de grace in navy gunnery practice off the coast of California yesterday. Two torpedoes the job and the veteran of the Pacific war and Bikini rolled over and Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) nation turned up today. Harold E. Stassen, one of three major contenders who have been matching claims for top delegate billing, added the latest forecast. Before he took off today on a seven-state swing to scrape the sup- port barrel again, Stassen said it has become apparent that nobody is going to be nominated very early in the Philadelphia balloting. Bowled over by Governor Thomas E. Dewey in the Oregon primary last week, Stassen bounced back to at a news conference yes- terday that he still has more first and second choice support lor the nomination than either Dewey or Senator Robert A. Tart, Dispute Claims Needless to say, Taft and Dewey backers dispute that vigorously. But even in their camps there is private acknowledgement that if someone doesn't give that fairly early in the balloting a darkhorse, rather than any of the three, is likely to get the nomina- tion. Stassen insisted his chances are Rood, despite the prestige and 12 Oregon votes he lost to Dewey last contended he has enough In sight so that it "adds up to a possible nomination." In this connection, the forraerl Minnesota governor said nine of his backers were among the 12 actually elected as delegates in Oregon. Must Support Dewey The 12 are bound by law to sup- port Dewey as long ns he is a con- tender. But after that, Stassen said be will get the nine votes. Texas Republicans went for Taft yesterday in one ol Uie -wineup state meetings before the national convention opens June 21, The Ohio' senator picked up 30 of the Lone Star state's 33 votes. Dewey got two and Stassen one. Later in the day, Texas Demo- crats decided their 50 delegates to the July convention should be in- structed to fight President Tru- man's civil rights program but to support the party nominee, whoever it might be. James A. Farley, former national chairman, predicted at Minneapolis yesterday that Mr. Truman will be nominated on the first ballot. Tho Republican convention in Texas brought these totals of dele- gates pledged, favorable and claim- ed without dispute for the three top contenders: Dewey 148, Stassen 88, Taft 81. It takes 548 to grab the nomination. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and and a Ittle warmer tonight; lowest 48. Thursday partly cloudy with, moder- ite temperature; highest 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation lor the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 78; minimum, 45; noon, T8; precipitation, none; sun sets ,onight at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPEKATDHES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. semidji ............81 55 :hicago ............69 .02 44 Denver............. 68 45 Des Molnes.........70 51 Duluth 75 59 ntei-national Falls 79 54 Cansas City........72 51 Los Angeles........C9 56 diami..............83 73 .Ipls.-St. Paul......75 51 Orleans .......SO York..........61 57 .eattle .............72 53 shoenix.............. 61 Vashlngton ........73 61 Vlnnipeg........... 84 53 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change ,ake City leads Dam 4. T.W. Dam 5, T.W. Dam 5A, T.W Winona...... Dam 6, Pool Dam 6, T.W. Dakota Dam 7, Pool Dam 7, T.W. La Crosse 12 3 12 C.O 3.7 4.7 2.2 3.4 5.1 9.2 4.4 7.4 9.3 2.3 4.7 .2 2. -1 .4 .3 .1 .2 .4 2 .1 A .3 4- -1 T_ .1 .1 .1 Trilutary Streams Chippewa at Durand 2.9 Zumbro at Theilman 2.1 Buffalo above Alma 1.5 Trcmpealcau at Dodge .4 Black at Neillsville Black at Gnlcsville La Crosse at W. Salem 1.6 Root at Houston ----5.9 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttcnberp) During the next 48 hours, the river will continue falling, throughout this district in all upper pool areas. Low- ering of gates will produce normal pool elevations by end of week. ;