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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 25, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER warmer no Important temperature IS HERE Dial 97.5 for the Bert in Radio Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations WINONA. MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING. MAY 25. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES VOLUME 46, NCJ. 34________________________________________________., A 7 Arab States Weigh Cease-Fire Bid Truman Asks Minimum Wage Boost Passage of U. S. Aid-to-Schools Measure Urged Washington Presldcnl Truman today nskcd Democratic congressional leaders to press for passage at this Congress session ol federal ale! to cducfition and a mini- mum wage boost to 75 cents tin hour. Tho President's request was made at a White House conference last- ing more than an hour. Tho Senate has passed legislation for annual federal ale to the states for schools, The House has not acted. There has been no action in either Senate or House on minimum wage legislation. The present wage-hour law fixes tho minimum wage at 40 cents an hour for workers who como under tho law's coverage. Senator Lucas of Illinois and re- presentative- McCormnck of Mass- achusetts, assistant Democratic leaders in the Senate and House respectively, told reporters after the White House meeting that the Pre- sident "is tremendously interestec in legislation raising the minimum wage from 40 to 75 cents." Finn Industries, Ports Shut Down As Strike Spreads Helsinki, Finland Heavy industries and all Finnish ports wore shut down today in a spread- Tho walkouts started at the docks where communists struck in protest AKitnsi tho dismissal of the commu- nlut minister of interior. Yrjo Lclno. Lclno had bocn censured by vote of Parliament. The Army gave no sign that it expects a communist coup. (Russian newspapers gave much space to the Finnish situation but It stUl is too early to describe tho situation as a general strike. Social Democratic workers generally turned up at factories. Leftist newspapers urged workers to light agivmst what they called reaction and tho "ruthless man- euver to oust an experienced and clever Democrat, Yrjo Lclno, Irom tho ministry oJ interior." Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnono and vicinity: Fair and somewhat warmer tonight; lowest 47 Wednesday partly cloudy and no Important temperature change; LC6CAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maxl.num, 70; minimum. 44, noon, CD: precipitation, sun sets tonight at sun rises to- Fire Sweeps Historic Deadwood, S. D., Section Deadwood, S. D __ Fire swept through a business block in historic Deadwood today, gutting lour business buildings. Property loss was estimated in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. It was the second big fire in the Black Hills today. Eearller, the Brodsky Packing plant east of Spearflsh went up in flames. The packing plant Charles Franklin Brannan Of Denver, formerly assistant sec- retary ol agriculture, has been nominated by President Truman to succeed Clinton P. Ander- son as secretary. Anderson re- signed to enter the Democratic senatorial race in New Mexico, 2 Gunmen Hijack Truck of Meat, Abduct Couple gunmen team- ed last night to hijack a truck load- ed with pounds of meat and abduct a truck driver and his wife. Albert Uphouse, 41, told Chicago police he had driven the truckload of meat, valued at to n used car lot where he planned to meet his wife, Evelyn, 36, to inspect a car they had planned to buy. As Mrs. Uphouse was about to drive home in her car the two gun- men appeared and forced Cphousc :rom the truck and ordered him Into ;he car with his wife. destroyed. Loss ted at Firemen wore unable to get close to the building because of the heat. After fighting the packing house blaze, Speavflsh fire crews went to Deadwood to assist with the business block blaze there. The fire was brought under con- trol a. m. after three hours' battle by the combined flre crews from Deadwood, Lead, Sturgls, the Rapid City Air Force base and Spearfish. The Schwartzwald Furniture Com- pany store and the Eagle Inn, the latter a well-known old bar and for- mer gambling hall, were completely destroyed. There was heavy damage to the JP Cigar store and the JP cafe. Guests at the Old Fairmont hotel, a Deadwood landmark, were evacu- ated in night clothing when flames crawled up or.e side of the structure. They groped their way through Torrid Cuban Presidential Campaign Ends Havana, Cuba. Politics en- tered a. one-week cooling-off period today, prior to the Cuban presi- dential elections June 1. The four candidates have wound up their campaign, all claiming victory. The law bans public poli- tical meetings between now and election time. The two chief candidates Senator Carlos Prio Socarras, dorsed by President Ramon Grau San Martin, and Dr. Blcardo Nunez Pertuondo, noted Cuban surgeon who has the support of former President Fulgenclo Batista. Newspapers have reported growing a third candidate, Sen- ator Eduardo Cnibas, whose weekly radio talks have gotten him into more than a half dozen duels. He has escaped serious injury. Most duels here are fought with swords and G. M. Grants 11-Cent Hike; Averts Strike Sliding Formula May Set Pattern in Auto Industry the ______ __ Motors Cor- poration granted an unique 11-cent an hour wage boost today to avert a strike oi its C.I.O. produc- tion workers. The company said the formula I would cost it about a year. But G.M. called it "the new approach to the living cost problem. A G.M. strike had been set for Friday by the C.I.O. United Auto Workers. Not only was the walkout averted but the settlement raised hopes for a quick end to the 14-day-old strike of Chrysler Corporation em- ployes. On the basis of past history, it appeared that the G.M. formula, may set a 1948 wage pattern In the auto industry and hotel was saved. Johnny Gohrman, night patrol- the fire. Gohrman said he heard what 'sounded like shotgun shells going oS" at approximately a, m. Investigating, he found a pile of rubbish ablaze at the rear of the furniture store. In the few minutes required for the Deadwood fire de- partment to reach the scene, the flames were beyond control in the building. The fire leaped to the other buildings. Senate Soil Conservation Payments Boost Washlnjrlon The Senate today into a new candidate, has no chance of win- ning, political observers say. The final rally ol the campaign in Havana was held last night in Central park, in the heart of the downtown section. It was in behalf of Prio. i -rtrct auto industry ana stop at the first lmportant 6egments of the nation's economy. Chrysler has agreed to resume waaeu tuuuj mw u. Senator Robert Taft over soil conservation payments to Texas' man. The best supporters 01 New York Governor Tom Dewey and Minnesota's Harold Stassen hoped Texas Democrats To Make Truman Decision Today Dallas, Demo- crats today came to the forks of the road of party loyalty. The state's Republicans, however, didn't race much of a loyalty pro- --------------_ blem. It had been settled for them ncw his base wage at a in executive committee wrangling- win i bargaining with the U.A.W-C.I.O. Wednesday. Their best previous Chrysler offer to the union was six cents an hour. The settlement brings the av- erage wage in General Motors' 90 plants 'ifc about an hour. The TJ.A.W-C.I.O. originally asked G.M. for a 25-ccnt an hour increase. General Motors would not say whether the wage increase would affect its car prices. The wage formula was unique in the auto industry. If living costs drop, the worst a GM. employe would take would be a cut back in his base wage to an hour. However, the con- tract provides that he gets another three cents an hour a year from now regardless of what living costs do. farmers In the wake of a Demo- cratic victory for bigger allotments. Over Republican protests and with the decisive help of three G.O.P. members who broke party ranks, the Democrats won approval late yesterday of n proposal to boost payments to for the 1349 crop year. The vote on the amendment by Senator Russell (D.- Ga.) was 41 to 38, The House voted only for that fund and the Republican- controlled Senate appropriations committee went along. Soil conservation payments are made to farmers who cooperate generally in the federal agriculture program. The -und Is a part of a bill to provide for opera- FORECASTS Minnesota-Wisconsin Tempera- ture will average -l degrees bc.ow normal north to 2 degrees below normal south. Normal maximum 70 northern Minnesota 71 central Wisconsin 78 south. Normal mini- mum 45 northern Minnesota 48 central Wisconsin. Precipitation will averacc less than ono quarter inch Minnesota iind ranging from one mmrtcr to one half Inch Wisconsin. Widely scattered showers develop- ing western sections Wednesday nij'ht. Local showers and thunder- storms mainly over Wisconsin Thursday clearing Friday. Warm- er south Wednesday turning cooler north portion Thursday and entire section Friday. Warmer again by RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stago Today Change Heel Wing Uiko City Diuu -1. T.W. Dnm 0, T.W, Diim DA, T.W. Wlnona Dnm G, Pool Dum 6, T.W. Dukotu Dnm 7, Pool Dam 7, T.W. Ln C rosso 3.7 7.1 3.0 4.G 2.G 3.7 5.2 9. 3.4 2.7 5. Trlhiilary Strcim.i .3 .3 __ to .4 .4 3 .3 ,1 .4 One gunman drove away with the Of the many-sided farm pro- meat truck. The second then forced jgram during the fiscal year start- Mrs. Uphousc to drive several juiy l. from the scene. He fled from the car after taking the keys from the gnltlon, Uphousc told police. The meat, owned by the Crown Packing Company, was in transit to tho company's plant in New York city. Boy, 1, Can Swim 30 Feet, Dive for was a national convention dele- gate or two. Meeting at Brownwood, the state Democratic convention dele- gates from 254 counties had to ans- wer three questions: 1 Will we support President Tru- man without reservation? 2 Will ive fight his civil right program, and fight his renomina- tlon but promise to support him if he is nominated? 3. Will we wait and see what thej national convention does? The answers depend on what the state convention does about choos- ing 50 delegates to the national con- vention at Philadelphia, and what it does about naming 23 presidential electors. _. Governor Bcauford Jester wants A vote on the bill might delegates to go to the Phila- Thus In the second year of the minlmum would be no less than an hour. If living costs go .up by Septem- ber, there is no ceiling on the G.M. wages. They would be increased by whatever amount living costs rise. A company official said this might total any cents, 20 cents or higher. The new wage scale becomes ef- fective May 29 for two years. The General Motors formula was unique in that, for the first time, it hooked wages to the cost of liv- ing During the next two years it was agreed to move G. M. rates up or down depending on the na- tion's living- costs. The upward or downward move- ment will be based on the consumer price index by which the Federal tL T ci-oHcfins mpa- Dr. Chaim Welzmann, right, president of the new Jewish state of Israel, talks with President Truman during a visit to the White House today. The chief executive holds' a Jewish scroll of laws pre- sented to him by Dr. Weizmann. The tjwo leaders met to discuss Palestine. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Russ Vetoes Quash Czech Coup Probe today. Right after adoption of Russell's; amendment, Senator Young (R.- N.D.) served notice he plans to offer one of his own which he said would restore tho soil payment formula used prior to this year. 'delphia convention uninstructed. Los Angeles Dennis Mc- Shane has gone to work early in life. Dennis Is only one year old but he has blossomed out as a full- flcdficd Wage earner In, the movies. He got his social security card yes- terday, Ho can't walk yet, but he's husky and weighs 32 pounds. But Dennis can swim across a 30- foot pool and dive Irom a regulation diving board. Banishes Crop Ruining Robin? But Cost Is Lancaster, Pa. Elam Wcngcr got rid of the two robins he' said were ruining his early but it cost him S45. The Pennsylvania state game bureau saM yesterday Hciscy, a resident of nearby Florin, was fined S10 each for shooting- tho birds and an additional for discharging a firearm within 250 yards of an occupied build- ing. _______ The so-called states' rights fac- tion objects to Jester's pledge ol final support for whoever is the presidential nominee. And the Trumanites can't see how Jester can promise to support Tru- man if he is the nominee, yet call him hard names on the civil rights issue. Nevertheless, Jester forces appar- ently had a majority of the dele- gates. Lake Success Two more Soviet vetoes have quashed United Nations plans for Investigating last February's communist coup tn Cze- choslovakia. The United States followed up Russia's 24th and 25th vetoes by calling on the security council to find some new means of telling the world about the communist grab ol power and what part, if any, Rus- sia played 'in it. Warren R. Austin said the United States was prepar- ed to gather evidence Independent- ly and read Jt Into council'records He urged other nations to follow Miiny delegates, however, think the case is all -washed up. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko exercised his latest vetoes last night because, he said, the U. N. was attempting to interfere in the Internal affairs of Czechoslovakia. Gromyko was forced to use a double veto because of a lengthy wrangle over council rules. The U. N. charter says questions of sub- stance are subject to veto and ques- tions of procedure are not. Gromyko maintained the proposal to set up Bureau of Labor Statistics thveo.nation investigating group was substantive; all other delegates living costs. In the past, some employers and unions have been critical of these federal fig- except the Soviet Ukraine said it was procedural. Chlppcwn. ut Duriind. 2.8 Kumbro Thellman. 2.1 Buffalo above Alma 1.6 Trempcnlcau at DodgC ,4 Black ixt Cculcsvlllc... 2.7 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.7 Root ut Houston .1 KIVKR. FORECAST (From Hustings to Guttenbcrp) During the next 48 hours the Mississippi in this district will fall .1) to .5 of a foot directly below all Gates urc being lowered to maintain normal pool elevations. TEMl'EKATUKES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Prec. Boost Social Security Benefits, Urges Truman excluded. The program now covers about employed persons. The President's plan would boost this number to 2. Increase old age benefits by at least 50 per cent, with women to become eligible at ago 60 Instead of C5 and elderly persons to be allow- ed to earn up to S40 a month, in- to pay foAhe" increases', trie" chief j stead of the present without dis- r f Lv. _ 4. i ntirtHfTrt-nA' -t-Vinmcnlvpct tl16 uCHC- President Tru- man touched off a Republican cry of "politics" today with hls'messasc calling upon Congress to hike social security benefits and let more people share in them. He asked that old age payments---------- be uppcd by at least one-half. And cd to earn up to a month _ v. ,i___i_ j _f J tVii-i r-ifrtpnCl f. SlFl Wlr.nOllr. 80 '13 70 51 71 -16 65 M 61 39 72 52 69 56 83 17 10 -M CO GG 70 S-l 100 G3 Washington 81 60 Winnipeg "8 46 Chicago Dcnvor DCS Molncs Duluth International Palls Kuiisns City Los Angeles Miami Mpts.-St. Paul New Orleans York Phoenix executive proposed that the present .3! social security tax not only bn ,21 boosted by 50 per cent next January .2 but that It apply to an additional ,1 of income. Chairman Reed (R.-N. of a ways and means subcommittee drafting its own social security ex- pansion bill told reporters: "He Is playing politics with the security program. This will not change our attitude. We are going ons on a safe basis." The subcommittee bill is not ex- pected to propose any general in- crease in old ape benclits. However, It may open the way for about ,02 more people to take part in the program. In his message to the lawmakers late yesterday, Mr. Truman said the present program is "seriously in- adequate" to ease the "desperate" plight of the aged and needy in a 100 Oxford Men to Jump Into River for Love Oxford, England Oxford university students selected Anne Whatus, student at the university's Lady Margaret hall, as the girl for whom they would most willingly Jump into the Isis river. Said studious Miss Anne: "My heart bleeds for these un- fortunate men, but in times such as those one must not allow per- sonal feelings to divert one from the path of public duty." So more than 100 undergraduates leaped into the Isis today as she was poled past them in a. punt. Democrats Buck G.O.P. Trade Bill Washington (IP) The House Democratic steering committee vot- ed unanimously today to drive for' a three-year extension ol the recip- rocal trade act without change. The Democrats also 'decided to fight the Republican-controlled rules committee's plan to bar any amendments during three hours set aside for debate on the tariff-cut- ting program. The Democrats have called this "gag rule." The showdown is set on the House floor tomorrow. Representative Rayburn of Texas, the Democratic leader, announced his party's decision to make a last ditch stand against the G.O.P.- thus had to use veto No. 24 to block a majority decision calling the issue procedural and outside the range of the veto. He came back with No. 25 to stop the main proposal. The vote was 9 to 2, with the Ukraine joining Russia in dissent. backed bill. The G.O.P.-moasure would ex- tend the trade act for only one year and give Congress a veto power over trade treaties if the President .exceeds tariff adjustment limits set !by the Federal Tariff commission President Truman has asked for a three-year extension of the trade act "as is." qualifying themselves for fits. 3. Boost the social security tax on employes' pay and employers' pay- rolls from one per cent to one and one-half per cent on next January 1 Instead of waiting for such an automatic increase in 1950: make the tax apply to the first OI a person's Instead of the present limit. 4. Increase unemployment bene- fits and extend this protection against Job loss to two groups now excluded federal workers and em- ployes of small firms that employ eight or fewer persons. 5. Broaden the system to include insurance against loss of earnings due to sickness or other disability. The President said "disability may have an even more serious effect on family income than old age or death." 1. Broaden the old-age arid sur- eminent to match the higher pay- vivors insurance to cover solf-em-imcnts which many states find necM- ployed, farm workers, domestic I sary to meet the nceds_ of relief I workers and some other groups now recipients. BASQUE DANCING Parisians engage in Basque s dancinc in local costume at Pelole Basque season openlns- Truman Comes to Virden Defense President Tru- man today came to vhe defense of John V. Virden who resigned as a top Commerce department official after it was disclosed his daughter is working for Tass, the Russian news agency, "I believe in faith In your loyalty is Mr. Tru- man told Virden in a letter. Virden, a Cleveland, Ohio, in- dustrialist, turned In his resigna- tion last week after Representative Crawford (R.-Mich.) asked Secre- tary of Commerce Sawyer to drop him as head of the department's Office of Inquiry Cooperation. Virden said he had "completely broken" with his 22-year-old daughter, Euphcmla. when she took a job as teletype operator at the Tass bureau here last January. He said he has not communicated with her since, but he defended her as a "girl of high ideal" who "is.simply being exploited." Sawyer defended Virden as a man 'vigorously opposed" to commun- ism. So did Representative Bender (R.-Ohlo) who urged Sawyer to re-, ject Virden's resignation.________ Senate May Scrap 18-Year-Olds Draft Proposal Washington Senator Gur- ney (R.-S.D.) called today for quick Senate action on draft legis- lation after dropping plans for com- pulsory training of 18-year-olds. The chairman .of the Senate armed services committee said he hopes to bring up the draft measure this week, although the outlook is uncertain. The Senate is now debating Ag- riculture department appropriations and is scheduled, to take up next a bill to admit displaced persons to this country. Gurney told a re- porter he may try to get the D.P bill laid aside temporarily to speed consideration of the draft legis- lation. After getting approval of other members of the armed services committee. Gurney yesterday in- troduced an amendment to scrap the plan to draft 18-year-old youths for a year's training. The bill still would provide, however, for youths of 18 to volunteer for 12 months service. The proposal for drafting the 18- substitute for universal the major difference between the Senate and House bills. Truman Hints Arms Expctrt Ban Lifting British Put Squeeze on Abdullah to Obey U. N. Request BULLETIX Washington The TJnJt- ed States cave notice today It refuse to recognize a naval blockade of Palestine proclaim- ed by Egypt and Syria. Cairo Heavy fighting con- tinued in and around Jerusalem to- day political representatives ot the seven Arab states met in Trans- Jordan to consider a United Nations request lor a truce In Palestine. Chaim Welzmann, Israel's provi- sional president, said President Tru- man gave him "some sort ol nope today the American government may lift its ban on arms shipments to Hie Middle East. Wcizmann, In Washington as the official guest ol the American gov- ernment, talked with Mr. Truman for 30 minutes at the White House. He related to a news conference afterwards that he told the Presi- dent the lilting of the arms embar- go Is "essential for the safety" of the Jews fighting off Arab attack! In Palestine. in answer to questions, he said he 0-ot the impression tine President night grant his request in the not too distant future. Jews Recapture The Jewish army reported In Tel Aviv that Jewish forces recaptured Ramat Rehel, Jewish village half- way between Jerusalem and Bethle- hem, where a strong Arab assault yesterday routed Jewish defenders. Haganah also said the Jewish air force bombed enemy positions around Jerusalem, iust after mid- night. Arabs resumed shelling Rehel, the Jewish communique said. The village was taken yesterday In an attack by two Egyptian, com- panies, forces of King Abdullah1! r__________ House sentiment is against compulsory training of that any age group. Hastings, Slcgcl, leader ot the C.L.O. Packinghouse workers' recent strike, today was fined S100 and sentenced to six months in the Dakota county jail on a charge of criminal contempt of court. Senate voted today for school children's lunches. The money is part of the general farm ap- propriation bill. It is 000 more than the House voted and is only one several in- creases approved by the sena- tors. St. Hogan of Hcrshcy, led Mike Turncsa of 1Vnitc riains, N. V., four-up at the half-way mark in their 3G-hoIc match for the 30th Pro- fcsslonnl Golfers' association championship title today. Senate passed today a- farm appropriation bill after re- fusing to revise soil conservation payments so that western farm- ers would get larger share. New Injunction Would Force Lewis to Reopen Coal Talks L. Lewis' new contact of the National Labor Relations _ J I f> 1 O with the Southern Coal Producers association could put him in con- tempt of court next week for the ibird time in 18 months. Lewis and the United Mine Work- ers already have been fined for ignoring back-to-work orders in strikes of December, 1346, and April, 1948. The same judge who imposed those fines, T. Alan Goldeborough, will de- cide next Tuesday whether Lewis should be put under a new court or- der. This one would be an injunction ;o keep the U.M.W. boss from con- Jnuing to snub President Joseph E. Moody of the Southern Coal Pro- ducers association. Last week's short-lived contract talks broke up over that issue. i- Robert N. Denham, general counsel board, stepped into the case late yes- terday at Moody's request. 1 He filed a complaint against Lewis, accusing him of an unfair labor practice under the Taft-HarUey law. complaint will be heard by an NLRB trial examiner, a time-con- suming process. So Denham instructed NLRB at- torneys to go into Goldsborough's court and ask for (a) an immediate restraining order designed to start the wage talks again within five days and (b) a "show cause" hearing on why an outright injunction should not be Issued until the NLRB rules on the unfair labor practice charge. Goldsborough rejected the first re- quest, but granted the second and set the hearing for Juno 1. Trans-Jordan Legion and Arab Ir- regulars, supported- by Held guns. Haganoh regrouped its forces ana counterattacked. Casualties were re- ported heavy on both Bides. Prior to their conference at Am- man, King Abdullah's capital. Arab leaders indicated they will stop shooting only if Zionists give up the idea of a sovereign Jewish state and disband the Jewish army. The Jews were considered certain, to reject such, demands. Extend Deadline The U.N. security council last night extended until noon tomor- row, Eastern Standard time, the deadline for a cease-fire in the Arab-Jewish warfare. Egypt and Syria asked the 48-hour extension and no delegates opposed it. The Arabs are under pressure from the British to stop fighting. A office spokesman in London, said Britain had warned the Arab states she expects them to observe lie TJ.N. request. Failure to comply might lead to suspension of treaty commitments to the Arab states, such as the supply- ing of arms and military trainlng- to King Abdullah's Trans-Jordan Arab legion, government sources in London said. The Jews had accepted the U.N. request with its original deadline of loon yesterday. A. L. Red Prober Beaten to Death Long Branch, X J- A 57- year-old American Legion worker, described by Assistant Prosecutor John M. Pillsbury as engaged In collecting data oil local communist activities, was found beaten to dcatb. in his hotel room last night. Pillsbury sold the Legion worker, Harold S. Adamson, probably had jeen attacked outside the hotel but Vnd walked to his room and col- apscd. He died of a fractured kull. Police Chief Thomas J. Marks said the case "looks like and Pilisbury said his office was ;oing along the investigation, on "suspicion of murder." Adamson was a member of the Americanism committee of tho American Legion in New Jersey. Last November he went to Wash- ngton to attend a. Legion school on combatting subversive activities. Assistant Prosecutor Pillsbury said Adamson had coliected material on- communist workers here and had urned it over to the F.B.I. The '.B.I. said it had no comment on he case. Arizona Governor Succumbs at 64 Phoenix, Ariz. Governor Sidney P. Osborn of Arizona died arly today at his home after an. .Iness of 18 months. He was 64. He suffered from progressive mus- ular atrophy. Governor Osborn, a Democrat, was serving his fourth successive wo-year term as head of state. klember of a prominent pioneer amily, he was bom in Phoenix and pent almost nil his life here. He was a newspaper publisher before taking office as governor. His wife, mother and a daughter survive. ;