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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 22, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Warmer Tonight; Showers Sunday Afternoon Support the Home Game Tuesday NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 153 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 22, 1954 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Siasse n lasts McCarthy Tactics m Raging Kootenai River rolled through a big gap in a dike at Bonners Ferry, Idaho, Friday and flooded another acres of farm land. Two such dirt dikes went out early Friday. Most dikes protecting acres in the Kootenai Valley are 34 feet high. (AP Wirephoto) New Social Security Bill Nearly Ready By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON OD-President Ei- senhower's program for a bigger and more liberal social security lystem was almost ready today for House consideration. Members of the House Ways and Means Committee predicted their group would approve the legisla- tion next week after a couple of finishing touches. The committee has been taking up the Eisenhower program on an item-by-item basis. Late yesterday, the committee approved all of the President's re- quests for higher benefits, and in TODAY Dictator Tactics InAEC By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON In Washington nowadays, the big questions hardly seem to get discussed at all. For example, is it really a good idea to establish a personal dictatorship in the vital field of atomic energy? Back in the less emotional days when people were really thinking about the subject, this idea was quite decisively rejected by Con- gress and the country. Despite all the inconveniences of commission rule, a five-man Atomic Energy Commission was decided upon. Power was equally di v i d e c among the commissioners. They were given staggered terms to in sure continuity of policy. Presiden Truman, who is seldom non-parti san, marked the intention that this should be a body above politics by naming four Republicans and only one Democrat as his first nom inees. Special Dignity The theory in those days, when people were pretty solemn about it, was that the Atomic Energy Com mission should have a very special sort of dignity and impartiality; and that it should be a collective body to guard against abuse of its vast and secret powers. Without ceremony, and with a maximum of concealment, the at- tempt is now going on to throw this former theory about the. Atom ic Energy Commission into tfie leg- islative trash basket. Very quietly, the new chairman of the commis- sion, Adm. Lewis Strauss, has per- suaded Rep. W. Sterling Cole to give him the instruments of un- challengable personal power. The provisions that will make Strauss the dictator in -the atomic field are included in the new atom- ic energy act. sponsored by Cole and Sen. Burke B. Hickenlooper. The hearings on the old McMahon Act attracted the concentrated at- tention of the nation. But the hear- ings on the new act have attracted no attention whatever, and no at- tention has been invited. Radical Change Neither Strauss nor Cole nor Hickenlooper has given a hint of the proposed radical change in the principles on which the atomic pro- gram has hitherto been adminis- tered. The idea has seem- ingly, to inter the old system, (Continued on 1, Column 3.) ALSOPS Senate Kills Plan to Lower Voting Age By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON El- raise from to the max-! senhower's request to lower the few cases added some of its own. It also the op- position of most committee Re- President's plan to imum annual income on which benefits are based and taxes are levied. That left only two substantial still to be acted upon: A proposal to extend coverage to farm laborers, and a plan to give disabled workers full benefits. The committee already had ac- cspted Eisenhower's request to ex- tend social security coverage to doctors, lawyers and other profes- sionals, to farm operators, minis- ters, state and local government employes and various smaller test, groups. If the bill becomes law, the sys- tem, now covering some 70 mil- lion workers and paying benefits to 6 million persons; would blanket almost the entire working force of the nation. The social security system pro- vides monthly payments to work- ers and their families on retire- ment or to Iheir survivors. Both workers and their employers pay special taxes into a trust fund from which benefits are paid. Although some parts of the pro- gram are controversial, little op- voting age from 21 to 18 years was doomed for this session of Congress today by a solid line of 24 Democratic senators. The minority party members mostly the pro- posed constitutional amendment in the Senate late yesterday when supporters were able to round up only 34 votes. That fell far short of the two-to-one majority required to approve the constitutional change and send it to the house for a While Eisenhower's request was also pending in the House it was believed futile for that body to even consider the amendment at this session after the senate turn- down. Second Setback Not a Republican opposed the amendment in yesterday's record vote although two, Hugh Butler of Nebraska and Malone of Nevada, were paired against it. Only seven of the 47 Democrats voted for it, while seven others were paired in its favor. ws the cond position to the. over-all bill is ex- 1 set' pected in the House. The new benefit structure would boost the minimum monthly pay- ment for a single retired worker from to and the maximum from to The minimum for a retired worker and his wife she is 65 or rise from to the maximum from S127.50 to Even bigger increases would be provided for those retiring after the new base. takes effect next year. The maximum monthly payment would be for a single worker and for a worker and his wife. The new base also would increase taxes by a year for' those making that much or more. Insured workers' survivors would get similar increases, with the monthly minimum for a fam- ily rising from to and the maximum from to Eisenhower had proposed a fam- ily ceiling of but the com- mittee went higher. Benefits are based on average monthly wages under the system. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and somewhat warmer tonight, Sunday increasing cloudiness with showers likely in afternoon or evening. Low tonight 55, high Sunday 78, LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 79; minimum, 51; noon, 79; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 77 at noon today. 55 degrees at a, m. 3ther noon readings thin, scat- ,ered layer of clouds at Teet, visibility 15 miles, wind from he east southeast at 20'miles per lour, barometer at 30.01 falling slowly, humidity 28 per cent. tive proposal by the Senate. Demo- crats earlier were chiefly respon- sible for shelving, 50 to 42, Eisen- hower's request for changes in the Taft-Hartley Labor Law. Opponents of the proposed con- stitutional change were led by Sen. Russell who bitterly as- sailed it as "an implied insult" to governors and legislatures of all the 48 states. .Russell's home state of Georgia now is the only one that permits IS year olds to vote. Although the Georgia senator said he is not opposed to an'18-year-old vote as such, he said the decision should be left up to each state individ- ually. Langer for Plan Chairman Langer (R-ND) of the Senate Judiciary Committee, who has often sided against Eisenhower on other matters, this time teamed with Republican Leader Knowland (Calif) and Republican Sens. Dirk- sen (111) and Ferguson (Mich) hi speaking for the lower voting age. Both Knowland and Langer pre- dicted Congress eventually will ap- prove an 18-year-old minimum for voters a change that has been proposed in Congress for years. All states except Georgia now set the legal age at 21. Knowland replied to Russell's states' rights argument by saying that each of the states must pass upon any constitutional amend- ment. He said that was because approval of three-fourths, or 36, of the states is necessary before a constitutional change can take effect. Russell and other opponents stressed that 37 states had con- sidered and rejected proposals to lower the voting age. In asking for the amendment in his State of the Union message last January, Eisenhower said: "For years our citizens between the ages of 18 and 21 have, in time of peril, been summoned to fight for America. They should participate in the political process that produces this fateful sum- mons." Geneva Parley Switches Back To Korea Talk Indochina Peace Feelers Continue Behind Closed Doors By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN GENEVA Geneva Con- ference switched back today to the stalemated Korean debate, but behind the scenes maneuvering centered on Indochina. South Korean Foreign Minister Pyun Yung Tai planned to place before the Korean parley at 9 a.m. (EST) a new proposal designed to unify the war-devastated penin- sula, but it appeared destined for quick Communist rebuff. Red China's Foreign Minister Chou En- lai has also asked to speak at the 19-nation parley. In separate Indochina talks yes- terday the West and the Commu- nists reportedly agreed to points to be discussed for ending the seven-year-war in Indochina. But nothing leaked out of the four-hour, secret meeting to indi- cate either side had budged from its basic position or made a move that would break the prolonged deadlock. One informed Western source reported "definite progress, but no cause for cheering yet The next session on" Indochina takes place Monday. Informants said the nine participating delega- Big Four, Red China, the three associated states of Indochina and the Communist-led agreed to use some sections of both thafjfrench and Communist as a basis for discussion at "their next meeting. These points deal with establish- ment of a cease-fire, withdrawal of opposing forces to separate zones, a ban on outside reinforce- ments, international control of armistice agreements and inter- national guarantees against violations. There are wide differences be- tween East and West, plans on some of these points. One immediate western objec- tive is a cease-fire first and political settlement later. Russia's Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov has declared that political problems should be taken up con- currently with the militr.ry. The agenda reportedly reached for the next session indicates the Commu- nists now may be willing to dis- cuss the military aspects first. IT. S. Undersecretary of State Walter Bedell Smith is scheduled to dine tonight with Molotov. Molotov extended the invitation and conference observers predicted the get together might have an important bearing on the confer- ence. This It The First picture of the Miller Siamese' twins, Constance and Claudette, born in City Hos- pital in Memphis, Tenn., two weeks ago today to a Negro mother, Elizabeth Miller, 23. Doctors say it will be three months before they start tests to determine if the twin girls, joined at the head, can be seperated. The infants are getting along "very well" at present, the hospital reports. (UP Telephoto) French Planes It is understood Smith will tell- Molotov that if Russia does not restrain Red Chinese aggression in the Far East, the world might be plunged into another war. Bases in Delta By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina French fighters and bombers today heavily pounded Vietminh bases in the vital Red River delta after the fall of one defense post. Other squadrons hammered at rebels shifting eastward from the crushed fortress of Dien Bien Phu. 'i.Warplanes from land, and car- rier bases ripped at the Commu- nist-led Vietminh's main highway communication leading to the Red River delta and Hanoi while fight- ers blasted at big Molotov truck convoys, A French high command spokes- man said he would not estimate how heavy were movements from Dien Bien Phu. "The Vietminh are not marching on he said. French mobile relief columns crashed through to the aid of two encircled "little Dien Bien Phus" holding out the southeastern part of the delta. A third outpost defended by a McCarthy Wants to Call Five Newsmen By DION HENDERSON STURGEON BAY, Wis. McCarthy says he will not criti- cize President Eisenhower for what the senator termed "pulling down the Iron Curtain" over administration discussions affecting his row with the Army. "I will not attack Wisconsin's Republican junior senator said in reference to his scheduled major address at Fort Atkinson tonight. McCarthy was interview- ed here. He said that if the Senate hear- ings into his dispute with the Army continue he would like to have five newsmen subpoenaed. He identified these as Homer Bigart, New York Herald-Tribune; columnist Joseph Alsop; Phil Pot- ter of the Baltimore Sun, and Mur- rey Marder and Al Friendly of the Washington Post. McCarthy said testimony has disclosed that Army Counsel John Adams had discussed with these men Army announcements re- leased in connection with the cur- the Vietminh rent Controversy. company of Viet Nam troops fell Friday to a battalion of Commu- nist Vietminh attackers. The lost To Review Dispute McCarthy said he would review the whole course of his dispute with the Army in the address be- fore a Chamber of Commerce din- ner and that he would announce then whether his side will go on with the hearings despite the Pres- ident's executive order forbidding additional testimony on intra-ad- ministration decisions. .He indicated he will take the three weeks. The surrounded outposts of Yen Phy and Coquan are on the fringes of the strategic rice bowl delta where Communist activity has been stepped up since the fall o: Dien Bien Phu, The French are parachuting fooc and munitions to the beleaguere( outposts. Joseph P. Kowalski, 46, kisses the hand of the Rev. Patrick J. Molloy in gratitude after the priest recommended a year term for him after he was charged with stealing money from the poor box at St. Leo Roman Catholic Church in Chicago Friday.' Ko- walski has been convicted three times previously and will face a life prison-item if found guilty as a habitual criminal. Kowal- ski was caught as he fled from the church with in small change, but denied he was the one that emptied the poor box. Others in the picture are unidentified. (AP Wirephoto) his assistants Roy Cohn and Francis be up to them in view of what the senator has called the Army's "stacked deck." At Chicago yesterday, McCarthy said the Republican party is "com- mitting slow and painful suicide before the television cameras" in the hearings, McCarthy said here that the de- mand by Sen. Symington (D-Mo) that the transcript of conversations relating to the case and monitored by the Army be made public marked a change from rules the Democrats on the Senate Investig- ations Subcommittee had agreed to before the hearings started. The senator said that all mem- bers of the subcommittee had agreed in advance that none of the transcript would be made pub- lic until they had been submitted to committee counsel and opposing counsel and the attorney general had gone over and trimmed out ir- relevant material. Test of Good Faith "It seems to me that this is a test of the good faith of the Democrats on the Mo Carthy said. In observing that he would not criticize the President personally, McCarthy repeated that he still thought Mr. Eisenhower was re- c iiving bad advice on the whole controversy. McCarthy said it would be normal to expect that an executive would receive advice on both extremes of a question and thereby have information which would enable him to arrive at a decision somewhere between them. However, in this case, Mc- arthy said, all the advice seems o be coming from one extreme. McCarthy said that during the subcommittee's investigation of al- eged subversive activity in Army nstallations and defense plants, nearly all those involved have been civilians. So, he said, "are most if those who are protecting them civilians in the and mentioned Army Secretary Itevens, Army C o u n sel John Adams and Asst. Defense Secre- ary Struve Hensel. want this stressed, pur trouble s mainly with the civilians in the McCarthy said. "There s a very small percentage of bad ecurity risks among uniformed men." Ike Aide Warns Fewer Headline Hunters Needed Some Republicans Oppose Broadening Dispute With Senator By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Wl The Eisen- hower administration seemed headed today for continued con- flict with Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) despite cautions from some Re- publican quarters against broad- ening the senator's dispute with top Army officials. Foreign Aid Administrator Har- old E. Stassen loosed a fresh at- tack on McCarthy yesterday with an assertion that need headline hunters and more Eisen- hower backers for the good of America." With what some lawmakers sur- mised was White House assent, Stassen asserted McCarthy had made a "legion of false state- ments" in a Senate speech Wednes- day in which the Wisconsin sena- OT said it was "criminal folly" :o continue to give financial aid allies who ship goods to Red Uhina. Stassen wouldn't say if the issue was discussed in his meeting with President Eisenhower yester- day. Uses Strong Terms Stassen used strong terms at news conference in spite of what an influential Republican senator said was his advice to the White louse: Let McCarthy's row with Secretary of the Army Stevens run ts course without unnecessarily fanning further the flame of party disunity. The GOP senator, regarded at one of Eisenhower's staunchesi supporters, declined use of bit name but told an interviewer of his counsel to White House offi- cials. "I just reminded he said, "that McCarthy is going to be a senator for three and a half years more and thera will be a' lot of occasions around here when we may need Republican votes." Stassen, whose agency facei rough going in Congress on its 3V4 billion dollar new foreign aid re- quest, made clear yesterday he nouncement came as the govern- does not expect to find McCarthy Saboteurs Blast Guatemala Rail Line, 2 Killed GUATEMALA UP) Guatemala said last night saboteurs blasted a rail line in an attempt to blow up a munitions train. The an- ment heatedly charged the United States with spreading alarmist re- ports about arms arriving here from Iron Curtain countries. Interior Minister August Char- naud MacDonald said the explosion occurred Wednesday, killing a civ- Jian and a soldier and injuring iree other soldiers. The saboteurs fought a gun bat- tle with federal troops, he said, and then fled into the hills near among those voting "aye." Pair at Odds McCarthy and Eisenhower are at odds over a presidential order cutting off testimony about a high- level administration conference at which the Army's dealings with McCarthy and his aides were dis- cussed. Eisenhower issued his ban on grounds the Constitution re- quires separation of the executive and legislative branches of govern- ment, and he said the order was the Honduran border. The arms I aimed at keeping the televised Sen- _ i nto inirocf t tirin Af shipment, moving to Guatemala City from Puerto Barrios on the east coast, was unharmed, he said. (The U. S. State Department, voicing concern over increasing Red influence in Guatemala's left- ist government, notified other Latin American countries last Monday that the Swedish ship Al- phelm was unloading a shipment of arms from Communist Poland at Puerto Barrios. Some Washing- ton officials estimated the value of the arms at 10 million dollars. The State Department said they were loaded at Stettin, a former German port now in Poland.) Charnaud said he believed Guat- emalan political refugees in neigh- boring Honduras took part in the plot. The gang placed about 32 one- pound powder charges but only two went off. The government c'id.not identify thi: civilian victim of the blast. It was believed, however, that he was one of the plotters. The Foreign Ministry issued a communique yesterday accusing the United States of spreading "malicious and unjustified" re- ports about arms purchases from the Communists. The statement denied Guatemala had received any guns made in Russia or Poland and added it was no concern of the United States if it had. The statement said also U. S. guns were going to several govern- ments which have an "unfriendly and aggressive" attitude toward Guatemala. The statement declared, also, the United States had committed an "act of aggression" against Guat- emala by trying to "wear down the defensive capacity of the Guat- its vens then said McCarthy came charges against from the Army and not higher up. McCarthy, who has voiced the opinion that Eisenhower was act- ing without full knowledge of the situation, criticized the order again last night at a Chicago plane stop (Continued on 19, Column 7.) MCCARTHY 4 Airmen Saved, 4 Others Missing In Pacific Crash emalan army Boycott." through an arms In Washington, observers point- ed out that, although Guatemala lad denied receiving arms made m Russia or Poland, she had not denied getting them from other Iron Curtain oountriei. PEARL HARBOR (fll Navy airmen, rescued from the ocean after their sea plane crashed 400 miles northeast of Oahu said last night there was little chance four other crewmen had survived. The Hawaiian Sea Frontier said when darkness closed over the area the search for survivors was called off. The four rescued were: Lt. L. W. Reher, pilot, Imper- ial Beach, Calif., suffering from shock and exposure, Lt. J. A. Holmes, co-pilot, of Huntsville, Ala., exposure and fa- tigue. H. R. James, machinist mate first class, Coronado, Calif., ken right leg, minor abrasions! lacerations, exposure and R. W. Findly, radioman second class, Grovetown, Ni H., no injur- ies. Others aboard the plane wert identified by the Navy as: Lt. (j.g.) K. F. Stout, navigator, Dayton, Ohio.- A. V. Bormann, machinist's mate second class, Los Angeles. D. E. Hicks, radioman third class, Cairo, 111. J. G. Goodrich, electronicsman third class, Victoria, Tex. The survivors said the plane hit, bounced, and broke into four pieces, after developing engine trouble. ;