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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 22, 1948, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER rulr and somewhat farmer tnnljfht, Hhowom llkflr Sunday night. IS HERE Dial 97.5 for the Best In Radio VOLUME 48, NO. 82 Full Leased Wire News Report of The WINONA. Member of the Audit Bureau of MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING. MAY 22. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Youth Admits Setting Rushford Fires __________ i Hi _. _. _ L _ THE ALSOPS Austria Is Soft Spot In Europe By Stewart Alsop Vienna' Secretary of State George C, Marshall has included Austria In his list of three vital (irons of conflict, where Soviet no- tions looking toward n. peaceful settlement will speak louder than Soviet words about the peace policy of the Kremlin. Austria is dan- gerous simply because the Russian zone of Germany, is almost the lust remaining soft spot In the vnst new Soviet empire in eastern Eu- rope. The soft spot cnn only be hardened, can only bo consolidated into the monolithic structure of the Soviet sphere, by breaking the power of the central Austrian govern- ment. And the Russians ctinnot do this without provoking the most explosive crisis since the end of the wnr, Moreover, although they may now have changed their minds, there is not the sllghest doubt that the Soviet planners have filrendy con- sidered various techniques by which tho anti-communist Austrian gov- ernment might be broken. One tech- nique hits Indeed already been tried. Tho Russians expected that by denying raw materials, nnd es- pecially oil, to the Austrian econo- my, tho position of tho government would be rendered hopeless. This technique hns now failed. It has been checkmated by American eco- nomic aid. ANOTHER TECHNIQUE has also been considered, nnd tentatively ap- plied. The Soviets hiive experiment- ed with an attempt to spread n paralysis nf fcur among Austrian officials, thus wrecking the mach- inery of government. To this end more than four hundred Austrlans, largely minor officials, have been Deweii Pulls A head in Oregon by Truck Stassen Trails By in Tight Race 1st Major Setback for Minnesotan Indicated by Vote Portland, Ore. Governor Thomas E. Pewey of New York today forged steadily ahead of his Republican presidential rival, Har- old E. Stassen of Minnesota, as tabulation of Friday's Republican primary vote indicated a Dewey victory in Oregon. Unofficial returns from of Oregon's precincts gave Go- ernor Thomns E, Dowey presidential preference votes to for Harold E. Stassen, The New York governor's firm hold on n small but unwavering margin in the presidential primary preference, substaniftted belief that he had stopped the Minnesotan in this sharply fought test of strength for the G.O.P. nomination. Pass As reporting precincts passed the with Dcwcy displaying unexpected strength in up-6tate territory generally conceded to Stassen, the New Yorker at this juncture seemed unlikely to be headed. Stassen's defeat, as indicated at this point in the count, would be his first major setback in n presi- dential drive starting in Nebraska and Wisconsin. With tho count past the half-way stage, neither Stassen nor Dewey would go out on a limb In the face of the closeness of the vote. Half-Way At the half-way Juncture Dewey was ahead In 20 of Oregon's 3C counties, Stassen In 15. One was unreported. But as tip-state returns rolled in late last night, Stassen cut down Dowey's county lead from ts hlch point of 22 to 8. Oregon voters poured to the "polls in Indicated record, numbers yester- day as Republican presidential in- New Envoy to Greece Named Washington Tru- man today named Henry F. Grady, now ambassador to India, to be the new United States ambassador to Greece. The White House said. Grady's name will be sent to the Senate this week. He would succeed Lincoln MacVeagh. who became ambassa- dor to Portugal several months ago. Greek Foreign Minister Constan- tin Tsaldarls said In Athens last night that the Greek government had agreed to the nomination, of Grafly. spirited away by the Soviet secret wns whipped to n high pitch, police In the last eighteen months.'voting started early and continued Thus it is clear that more extreme measures will bo necessary If tho Russians Intend to break tho gov- ernment's power. That is why re- ports 0' a Soviet-sponsored mili- tary known, as the "Black Brigade" are taken with the utmost seriousness by western of- Ilclals hero. The Black Brigade, In which Soviet Commander Kourasov Is known to have taken a personal Interest, consists of to picked Austrian communists, heavi- ly armed with automatic weapons, commanded by a Russian officer, nnd stationed about an hour's run from Vienna, There Is No Douht that the Black Brigade could be effectively used as the spearhead of n, Soviet- Oregon Democrats took it easy in yesterday's primary election. They nominated state and congressional candidates to oppose Republicans, nearly all of whom are incumbents. In a formality Democrats gave President Truman Oregon's 16 De- mocratic convention votes. Truman was unopposed. With 987 precincts counted, his vote was Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Fair and sponsored "People's The Austrian police arc virtually unarmed. Since the four-power Allied security forces arc command- c M( h, cd by Russians one month out east four, the .present somewhat warmer tonight; lowest 54. Partly cloudy Sunday forenoon. Increasing cloudiness In the after- noon with showers likely Sunday night. Highest Sunday 82. Wisconsin: Fair tonight and Sun- day. Warmer cast portion tonight becoming cooler north portion and ortlon in- to- Meat Strike Ends, Workers Await Job Call Full Production to Be Resumed Soon at Winona Plant Operations at the Winona pack- Ing plant of Swift Company will be resumed Monday morning and the number of men to be employed will be largely determined by the amount of livestock received, it was announced today by Eugene D. Fletchall, manager, following the ending of the ten-week strike of United Packinghouse Workers of America. The Winona plant is now open to receive all classes of livestock, said Mr. Fletchall, and he emphasized, "The important thing Is to get back to "We welcome our employes back to he said, "and are happy the ten-week strike has been end- ed. We shall resume normal opera- tions just as soon, as sufficient live- stock can be obtained and the plant returned to production." Picketing here was stopped Fri- day afternoon ar.d members of Local 305, C.I.O., pulled down their tent. About 145 workers had been out on strike, "The strike is officially said Frank Wineskl, president of Local 305, who immediately called a meeting of all union members for tonight at Jack's place. "All members must attend this he said. "They cannot return to work unless they do. We will have to tell them the date and time to return to their jobs." Plant operation will resume Mon- day at 7 a. m. Prices May Break Local meat retailers, who have had little or no difficulty in sup- plying their customers during the meat strike, expect that the strike- time prices will start breaking at Govcrment." and the western powers thus faced with an accomplished fact. Yet here It Is worth reciting a minor Incident, which occurred when the Russians were Indulging In one of their most recent needling op- erations, designed to embarrass the western powers In Vienna. The Rus- tonight and Sunday. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at :2 m. today: Maximum, 82; minimum. 51; noon, 82; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow Chicago slims iitmouncrd that henceforth tho usual movement orders for troops vmwlns from the western throliKh the. Russian zone into .cm'c'J' VU'ium would not suffice. Special stamped a picture of each soldier would be demanded. D The British authorities thcreupon.Duluth deckled on bold experiment .I" Thirty urmud men were C.ty under the eommund of a Angeles The men wore given the conven-.MU ml I Mount Papers but not special passes. The. eaptidii's orders were at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Preclp, Fi Is simple; to through to Vienna, come; what mlKht. At the first So- viet bnrrlur the small convoy was hulled mid the special passes were demanded. The captain calmly made It clear that lie Intended to proceed. Russian heads were shaken, Rus- Mim rifles waved, and the barrier remained In place across the road. The cHi'tiiln 'then pave the order, "Troops, de-truck." New Orleans 80 72 80 81 78 78 85 71 70 78 01 70 GG New York Seattle Phoenix 3G Washington 84 Winnipeg........... 81 DAILY KIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change 49 42 47 50 58 48 GO 52 71 54 C5 47 52 57 40 50 Red Wing 14 Lake City Reads Dam 4, T. W. British Dam 5, T. W. Dam 5A, T. W 12 THK THIRTY AHMED soldiers scrambled out of their trucks, and took up positions] Winona uround them, The Implications were Dam 0, Pool clear to nil concerned. There fol- Dam G, T. W. lowed u tew nervous minutes of Dakota harried telephoning Inside the Bus-1Dam 7, Pool slaii guard house. Then no doubt Dam 7, T, W, to cvcrv one's Infinite relief Crosse 12 barrier "WHS lifted, trie British troops: Tributary Streams and'Chlppewa at Durar.d.. 2.5 Zumbro at Thcllman.. 2.2 Buffalo above Alma.. 1.7 4.8 7.9 4.G 5.3 4.5 5.7- 5.7 7.9 9.4 4.0 6.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.1 the earliest sometime This was indicated today by a representative survey of local deal- ers. None of those surveyed knew any price declines which had occurred today. Normally many meat dealers do their heaviest buying early in the Rudy Wronski Fatally Hurt On High way 61 Collides With Milk Truck Near Winn Tee Pee Cabins An 8G-year-old Winona man died almost Instantly at a. m. to- day after being struck by the rack of a milk truck. He was Rudolph Wronski, Sr., who was bicycling back to his home for lunch after saying prayers over his wife's grave at St. Mary's ceme- tery. The fatal accident occurred about 50 feet east of the eastern entrance to the Winn Tee Pee cabins, across highway 61 from the Hot Pish shop. Driver of the truck, delivering milk to the Rochester Dairy Cooperative receiving station in the East End, was Louis Hcrlitzke, Jr., 19, La Crosse route one. After questioning him on the scene, police permitted him to con- tinue to the receiving station to unload milk before continuing the questioning this afternoon at the police station. Head Hit By Truck Mr. Wronski, or his bicycle, struck the right fender, halfway between the front and the side of the fen- der, making only a small dent In it. However, there was a mark on the rack, which Jutted out beyond the cab, to show where his head hit. The skull was badly. Injured.. Lambert Kowalewski, who was about 75 yards from the scene, said he saw the "tall end of the acci- dent." ar.d rushed .to the man, ar- riving just before he died. Herlltzke said, "I didn't have a chance. I was driving along about 40 when the bicycle suddenly went out on the road in front of me, I just had enough time to start turn- ing away, but not enough." Mr, Kowalewski said that It ap- peared to him that the truck was in the proper lane of traffic. Hej did not see the actual collision, buti saw a body sliding along the ground I from vantage point, which was! about 75 yards towards Winona from j the point of the accident. Stops Near Scene The truck driver did not stop im- mediately. He continued about 100 yards; stopping nearly in front of the Association of Commerce tourist information center. Said Herlltzke, "I saw several men standing there, and I wanted to drive to them and tell them, to call an ambulance." One of those men said that Her- lltzke was "white as a sheet." MJ-. Wronski's bicycle jammed un- derneath the right iender and was Republican-Herald photo Glum And Sullen In His Cell In the Fillmore county Jail at Preston. Minn., Richard Mortimer, 24-year-old Baraboo youth posed for a Republican-Herald photographer this morning after admitting setting Incendiary flres at Rushford which destroyed the Royal theater, the Rushford Chick Hatchery office, a warehouse ol the Tri-County Co-op Oil association and an empty garage. Morti- mer and his father. Lon Mortimer, also of Baraboo. had been staying- with the Kenneth Hewitts of Rushford lor the past three months. Mrs. Hewitt is a sister of the 24-year-old youth, who, with his father, were planning to leave Rushford this weekend for home, had been to Rushford before on numerous visits. He had been out of town last'weekend and returned Monday._________________ Logger Will Face Charge of Arson, Says Sheriff Cook Slashed Tires, Robbed Rushf ord Golf Club, Richard Mortimer Says in Signed Confession By Staff-Writer d 500 worth of damage He Baraboo, Wls, who two-day Erilltog'by Fillmore County Sheriff Donald Cook signed a con- fission which cleared up the mystery of a series of fires which have swept through the downtown district of Rushf causing wide- spread damage and alarm. County Attorney George Frog- ner of Harmony this afternoon said Mortimer will be charged with arson and arraigned In justice court. If he waives hearing, he will be brought before District Judge Martin A. Nel- son of Austin Monday at 10 a. m, in district court at Preston. Sheriff Cook said he will sign the complaint. Mortimer, arrested on a Rushford business street Thursday, broke a stubborn silence late Friday to tell Sheriff Cook that he not only start- id two serious flres in the city but burglarized the Rushlord Goll club, the sheriff said. Held in Jail Mortimer is being held in Fillmore county jail. Tired by a persistent scries the of questionings, Mortimer, a burly ath- letic young man, broke a stony si- lence last aight to tell a macabre story of delight to destruction, while under the influence of liquor. "It all started when I got too much beer, then I got Ideas." Mortimer told bJs questioners. Mortimer first came under suspi- cion when two teen-age youths be- came intoxicated and when investi- Katlon pointed to the Baraboo man is the one who had given liquor to Dflir- The Rushford Golf club was burg- larized early Thursday morning, and although the club is located in Houston, county, the Fillmore county sheriff and his aides were called to investigate the case and again their attention centered on Mortimer, A case or beer, several cigarette car- tons soli balls and a small amount of change wero taken from the club When arrested Mortimer, who had been on Intermittent losing jobs, eyed the officers sullenly and wanted to know, "What's it all He (Continued on Fape 5, Column 4.) BICYCLIST KILLED One of them said he believed there would be a slight break next wecl: nnd a larger break two weeks from now. Ha thought pork prices would show the largest break first. There were Indications among those surveyed that a factor to influence the downward trend would be the hestitnncy of the dealers to make large purchases in view of the unstable conditions. Nationally, the striking C.I.O. United Packinghouse Workers union, accepting original company wage of- (Conlinued on Page 5, Column 1.) MEAT STRIKE London Responsible diplomatic sources say a six- nation agreement has been reached here to set up a pro- visional government this year for western Germany. Washington Hamilton Robinson, whose direction of the State department's loyalty program came under congres- sional fire, has resigned as the department's control officer. of- ficials with "known Red rela- tives" were urged today by Rep- resentative Crawford (R.-Mich.) to 'follow the example of John V. Virilcn who resigned his Com- merce department post. Masked Gunman Robs Ceylon Bank of Ceylon, lone robber rearing a dirty white handkerchief for a mask held up the State Bank ot Ceylon at a, m, today and escaped with in cash. E. F. Volrath, assistant cashier, and two other employes were in tho bank when the man came in, A customer, J. E. Champine, came1 drawer and about in the big safe." The bandit then ordered Volrath, John Tesslink, the bookkeeper, and Champine, whom he had lined up against the wall, into the vault. He made Miss Lorraine Fenrich, an- othev assistant cashier, lie on the floor. Then lie ran out. Volrath came out of the vault immediately and gave the alarm. climbed back lino their trucks, and the convoy continued without ther difficulty Into Vienna 0.1 It Is hardly necessary to labor tho point of tl'ils story. Whatever hopes may have been aroused by the Moscow peace offensive, it must still be assumed that Soviet at- tempts to probe and prod against the western position will continue on the practical, operating level. Yet If the Russians are wholly con- vinced that lu the end force will if necessary be met D.V force, will not press on too far. they Trempcaleau at Dodge 0.5 Black at NelllsvlUe... 3.0 Black at Galcsvllle 3.0 0.1 Lacrosse at W. Salem.l.C Root Jit Houston..... G.2 RIVER FORECAST (From Huntings to Guttcnberg) Except lor local fluctuations due to gate adjustments, the general fall in the Mississippi will continue for several days, unless heavy sus- tained rains set in. '-1 jn while the robbery was in prog-.1 A telephone, operator reported see- said his back was turned when the robber came in. ed to hear the man say: ing a light coupe in an alley near the bank about the time of the He turn- holdup. Two men who drove into town "This is a. stick up. Put 'em up and let's have no monkey business." Volrath said the man levelled a revolver with a long barrel at him. The robber ordered Volrath to get the money. The assistant cashier gave him from the day safe. "I told him that's all the money we said Volrath. "I didn't shortly afterward said a similar ma- chine had sped past them as they came toward town and later raced out of town. They said it carried two men. They saw it take a cor- RAF Downs 4 Egyptian Planes Over Haifa; U.S. Envoy Hurt field in the British, area In Washington announced today that American Consul Genial Thomas C. Wasson was seriously wounded in Jerusalem today. frnm _ truce commission meeting Wasson was wounded while returning to the consulate general from a truce commit------------- _________----------------------at the French consulate general, but Boy Missing; Crude Ransom Note Found Los 12-year-old junior high school student was miss- ing from his home today and police said they found a ransom note de- manding The boy, Alan D. McCauley, was missing from his room when his par- ents returned early tills morning after attending an ice carnival. Police said the boy's room had been ransacked. The ransom note, with several words misspelled, read: "If you don't leave at the parking lot next to Ralph's Market at Crenshaw and Exposition boule- vards, you'll never see your son again. And I don't mean maby." It was signed: "The Unkowan." Officer Edwin M. Bowe said a rock had been thrown through the boy's first-floor bedroom window. The boy's father, John McCauley, a garment cutter for a swim suit concern, told police he knew o! no enemies who would kidnap his son. Key West China City Braces for Red Attack Sian, China This city at the crossroads to west China Is braced for an assault by communist troops who already have overrun half of the province. Governor Chu Shao-Chu told a press conference today a renewed attack upon this capital of Shensi province is expected in the near future. the department was not immediate- ly advised how he Incurred his in- juries. Cairo reports, meanwhile, said Egyptian troops pushed northward to Hebron and Bethlehem, Unking with Arab legion troops flve miles south of Jerusalem, for a possible drive against Jews putting up a last ditch flght in the Holy City. Frontiers Undented Israel's partition-drawn frontiers still were virtually undented as her army began the second week of war against five Arab nations. Tel Aviv dispatches said the Jews, fighting on three fronts, were waging their fiercest battles well beyond their own frontiers. The British said the attack, on the Haifa district used by the British for evacuation of troops, began with a lone Egyptian Spit- fire plane which dropped bombs and strafed the Ramit David field .at a. m. Four Egyptian planes took part (Continued on Page 5, Column 2.) RAF Top Finn Red Dismissed From Cabinet Post Helsinki, Finland President Juho Paaslkivl today dismissed Com- munist Interior Minister Yjro LctoO from the Finnish cabinet. Leino had been the subject of a parliamentary vote of censure Wed- nesday night that caused a cabi- net crisis. No successor was ap- pointed. Minister of Education El- no Kllpi, a Social Democrat, will au- tomatically assume Leino's duties. At its meeting today the cabinet noted that Leino had not presented his resignation, although the con- stitution provides that a cabinet official may not remain In the gov- ernment after parliament censures him Leino was summoned last night by Paasikivi, who told him to re- sign. maintained a dogged silence until late last night. Helped Fiplit Fires Mortimer told Sheriff Cook that not only did he set the fire which caused damage to the Rush- ford Chick hatchery's office and sup- ply room, April 9, and the Royal theater blaze, April 29, which de- stroyed a warehouse and garage as but that he returned to assist the firemen fight the fires. Clad in a sweat shirt, work trou- sers, and boots, a costume which, he said, he used for logging, Mor- timer jerkily related the events surrounding his major crime of April 29. He said that he had been drink- ing considerable beer and that re- turning to his room he cut through an alley back of the theater. Here he was attracted by the sight of some chaff. "What a good blaze that would It wliat went through his mind, he told officers. He scooped up the chaff and added some cardboard to the pile and placed it adjacent to an emp- ty garage directly behind the Royal theater on Highway 43. Whether or not he expected the fire to attain, considerable proportions Is not known but Mortimer did ad- mit that he then ran to his room and hardly reached there when he heard the sound ol the lire siren. Mortimer told officers that ho then retraced 'his steps and Joined the volunteers who were assisting the fire department and that ho worked hard to bring the blaze un- der control. Swcp't Across Alley The fire which Mortimer started with chaff, spread to a two-build- ing warehouse housing supplies of the Tri-County Co-op Oil asso- ciation. From there they swept icross the alley to the theater. On the scene of both fires, cars with slashed tires were found, and this wierd coincidence started tho Investigation which led to Mor- timer's arrest. Questioned as to why and if ho had a part in this act, of vandalism, Mortimer admitted that he was the man who had cut the tires and that he did so because he liked the sound of the air going out or the tires. Damage to tires was estimated at A pocket-knife with rubber marks on the blade. was found on him when picked up. Similar movements attended Mor- timer's actions when he caused the hatchery lire and here, again, his desire to play the role of an arsonist was inspired by consumption of beer. He said ho simply couldn't A 'full-scale Investigation was launched by the Fillmore county officials and the state fire marshal's office following the Royal theater started indicated that the crime of fire when disturbances heard behind the theater shortly before the blaze arson had been committed. Tires 011 a car owned by Ben Niggle, were found slashed at tills time. Mortimer admitted burglarizing the .Rushiord Golf club at 2 a, m. Thursday, Sheriff Cook said. At this time he had two accomplices, who were of minor age. Their cases nave been referred, to Houston county ol- was largely fastened on Mortimer because of the fact that he was a logger arid, as such, carried sharp tools which coud have been used in slashing the tires. Senate Upholds Truman Atomic Inquiry Veto Tru- Iman had evidence today that some of the southern Democrats who have been battling his civil rights program still are willing to support him on other matters. The evidence came in the form ol 27 Democratic Senate votes which Smoke-Eaters Plight; Fire Alarm Box Afire Philadelphia, Philadelphia firemen, had a new one to muse over fire in a'fire alarm box. Policeman Albert Hewitt spotted the blazing box yesterday and ra- dioed an alarm. The fire fighters :n. -L.Tey an LUIXC u two wheels about a mile east raced to the .scene: and with chemr- givc him we had in the cashFairmont. of town and head north. Ceylon is a village of 600 in Mar- tin county 15 miles southwest of cals extinguished the flaming alarm box. The blaze started from a short cir- cuit In the electrical wiring. ride. That was four short of the necessary two-thirds majority. Among those supporting Mr. Tru- man's argument that the bill would invade his executive powers were such outspoken critics of his civil rights program as Senators Olin Johnston of South Carolina, Hill and which SpaVkman o Alabama, and of would have permitted senators to or- der an F.B.I. investigation of key atomic officials. Two of North Dakota and Morse of went along. But as yesterday's count turned out their votes weren't need- ed to give Mr.' Truman his first veto victory this year. leaders had counted on--------r- _ southern anger over the President's Virginia, EasUand of civil rights proposals to help them Holland of Florida, override the veto. But only nine Democrats joined the 38 Republicans voting to over- _________ who voted with included Senators El- lender of Louisiana, Fulbright of Arkansas, George of Georgia, Hocy of North Carolina, Pepper of Florida and Umstead of North Carolina. The nine Democratic votes cast During the confession, Mortimer first admitted the Rushford Golf Club burglary, then the slashins of tires at the scene of and the fires themselves. Truman O. K.'s Airmada Bill Wash Air Force- becan building today toward a rec- ord peacetime strength of 70 groups. At the same time, it made plans to shift its long 1'MifiC bomber com- mand away from the vulnerable east coast. _ The Air Force ex- pansion measure whipped through Conirress over administration pro- tests was signed into law yesterday by President Truman. with the warning that he may not approve outlay of the full sum. Noting in a statement that, the and Robertson Congress has seen fit to beyond the provide ___ amount the President reminded air power en- thusiasts that he lias final say on the money. ______Secretary of Defense For- rcstal and Budget Director James ..Webb will help him decide when and Stewart ol such spending is "necessary in the national defense." Those words ap- nr and Senator Downey ot California, pear in the bill. ;