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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 22, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Friday. J OIN THE Xcw Civilian Naval Reserve Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 47. NO. 81 W1NONA. MINNESOTA. THURSDAY EVENING. MAY 22. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Truman World Crisis Seen Unless Aid Continues Aeheson Cites Banner Year in Foreign Trade Washington Under Secre- tary or State Dean Aeheson declared Wednesday night that Europe and AMii face thc peril or "economic collapse, political extrerril.-irn mid world poverty and insecurity" unless thc United State.-, continues emerg- ency loans and grants to foreign r-.a-.ions in IlHfi and 19-19. Acheson'r. assertion on t.hc need for continued American financing of foreign nations was the latest in a series emanating from thc State department. These Included a statement by Secretary Marshall to a news con- ference Tuesday that the problem] Is now receiving over-all study In thr department. No flans Now Marshall however, that he has no immediate plans for pro- posing further eangre.v.lonal action on loans and grants In addition to the foreign roller pro- __ "cram, which Congress sent to White House yesterday, and thei Greek-Turkish aid pro-1 gram, which President Truman: slpned today. Officials said yesterday that Mur- shall meant there are no plans for1 new proposals at this session or Consrrcss. which Is due to cud July Greek-Turkish Aid Bill G.A.R. Thinned To Little More Than Platoon Washington UP) The Grand Army of the Republic, its ranks thinned by the one enemy It has found invincible, will be able to mus- ter Jittlc more than a platoon when the bugles blow May 30. As of May 7, only 97 Civil war veterans remained on the Veterans administration pension rolls. This is 58Jess than day, 143 county ]aw enforce- keels'no record, "lent officers today were conduct- or the men who fought on the ing an investigation, of a hit-and- run case at Eleva Wednesday after- noon when a two-year-old boy was struck 'by an automobile and fatal- ly Injured. n A. Itobertson (above) was 93 today and tonight will be honored by admiring Hnlloelc. Minn., townsmen at a party, but in preparation merely busied himself at his drugstore with mortar, pestle and beaker as ho has for the last 54 years. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican- 'Production for Peace9 Drive Urged by Stassen Jefferson, Iowa Harold E. Stassen opened his speaking cam- Republican presidential nomination here Wednes- a "production for peace" program for world i palgn "Aeheson said last night that this1 day by thpnprpscnt cnn'be thfbc- estimated at heard thc former Minnesota gov- K'.nnlns of a "world trncle advocate using ten per cent of. bringing to all nations unpre.cedent-.our lollll rational production Of n cd prosperity. goods and food for the next ten fl M I on U. S. years to build for "world-wide peace. 1 -It all he jsald anci He did not say how u-hcthcr the United States other are willing to adopt the commercial and financial pol- Icltx that are necessary to keep trade unleashed, free to carry on benign work among all peoples." Acheron added; "There arc cl.'incrroiu weaknesses In the foundation ot thl.H banner world trade year, "Europe and Asia, with their land find fnrlorie.s damaged I'.v war, are dblr to sell u.n only one-hair as much In money that would amount to, but emphasized he was not talking about ten per cent of our gross national production. He said the long-term cost would be loss than the alternative cost of "the current patchwork and partial- ly misdirected loan approach with huge unemployment and economic "What I Stasson de- Is not vague or hazily idcal- rnuch thi; year a., iney need to buy clarccl. "Is not vague or hazily idcal- r'rom us in order to eat. keep warm istic or a dream. It is a practical. nnd reconstruct farms and Uu-lr factories, hurd-hcndecl. business-like sound ap- 'Unlcs-i we continue to help them In 1948 and 1049 through omewncy loans and to finance the im- portation of these commodities they need, they may not. be able to car- thr reconstruction that Is proach to the situation In which we find ourselves. "We can find the course of a stroriR and wise and humanitarian world policy. It must be a policy Believed Dead in Plane Wreckage Manila Wreckage of a lux- ury nli-llncr carrying at least four Philippine government 'officials nnd a crew ol seven was found today on a mountainside on Mindanao. All aboard were believed dead. Incorrect maps >vhich show tow- Farmer to Be Questioned in Hit, Run Death Eleva Child, 2, Fatally Injured by Automobile Whitehall. Wis. other side of the War Between the States. It was estimated, however, that less than 80 men of the former Confederate army survive. The federal government pays monthly pensions ranging from to to the veterans who wore blue, but grants no benefits to the men of the gray who foughj. against the union flag. Transport Crash Near Dayton Fatal to Five Dayton, Ohio Five persons were killed and two others were in- jured today when a four-cngined army transport plane from Wright Field crashed and exploded in a Held about four miles east of Day- ton. Names of the dead were with- held pending notification of rela- tives. A witness said the plane appeared to be In trouble as it swooped low. Seconds later, the plane tilted on its and plowed into a ditch, then hurtled Into a wheat stubble field. An explosion turned the plane in- Kobert Jerry Mr. and Mrs. to a mass of flames. Wright Field officials said the plane, containing military person- nel, was.on a routine test flight. The plane, a C-97, was the mili- tary version of the Boeinp: strato- giant ship capable of scores of troops of tons of cargo, President Harry Truman is shown above signing the Greek-Turkish aid bill at Kansas City. Mo., this morning to set in force an American policy of bolstering weak countries against out- side aggression. The President had originally planned to sign the bill in a White House ceremony last Monday, but canceled this when his mother's illness brought him flying to her bedside. (A.P. Wire- photo to The Wright Field officers said they t.Vm mane stalled as it ap-iT UrCIIlCH S believed the plane stalled as it ap- proached Wright Field for a land- tnpr. Mount Katanglad in thc wild Tnc injured personnel, whose Bukldnon plateau rcpion as 7.800 feet instead ot Its actual feet apparently brought disaster to Che names and conditions also were withheld, were thrown clear of the plane. TIIll plush-llncd, twin-engined aircraft xhcy arc at Patterson Field on the mountain's cloud-obscured I hospital. northern slope. An American I3th Air force B-17 .hat socks peace and plenty and wm to tho crash area tomor- frecdom for ourselves and for others. necessary If they arc to become must recognize that the three ipportlncr. iare indlvisablo." "In such an event economic col-j Marks Opcninf. lapse, political extremism and world poverty and insecurity would quick- row to determine the feasibility of helicopter operations to speed the search for possible survivors of the wrecked plane. U. S. Exports Nenr 5 Billion in 3 Months United Stater, ox- po-ts or and services during ihe first ciuartcr or 10-17 reached SUssen definitely accepted thei It was the personal plane of Pres- Invltatlon to make a major speechM.dcnt Manuel A. Roxas who ordered on world policy at the American i Major General Rafael Legion day celebration here, mem- chief of staff of the Philippine hers or his party confided, because army, to fly to the scene and direct the local committee convinced him he'd be talking to Republican state an well as to n carnival leaders crowd. "This Is the beginning of Slassen's J-l 900.000.000. equivalent to on an- nual rate of SKi.SOO.000.000, n new pormampalfe-n for presidential record for peacetime exports, thc-j nomlmlllne delegates." said State or Commerce report-1Scnnlor 3, Feldt, Minneapolis, ed Wednesday. _ _ _ ___ "He's going to accept a lot of the While exports of goods and sorv- ic-e.t expanded from a total of HOO 000.000 In the laM. quarter of IMS to the S4.DOO.OOU.OOO llgurc for ;hc r.rst thrn- months ot this year, it.-a! Imports showed no Increases whatever, holding at. fo- both quarters, or an annual rate '.or 1947 or The export-import situation thus leaves n U. S. export Mirplll.'i or SXOOO.OOO.OOO "'i' quiirl.ei', wuiiUI run 1111 niuuitil rule or Part of the d'.lterence between Invitations that have been showered upon him since he returned from his two months tour of Senator Fclclt added. George C. Jones, Minneapolis, un- til lust year Minnesota state G.O.P. chairman and now one of Stasscn's campaign managers, circulated among the Rcpubllcan leaders dur- ing the day. Jones formerly lived at Itiidclirrc-. Iowa, nnd wa.-i bu.'iy mak- ing contacts for Stassen delegates. Hiirrl.son E. Spanglcr, Cedar Rapids. Iowa. Republican national operations. Air searchers in the biggest air hunt ever seen in the Islands found the plane four days after it vanished on a short flight. Another Weckler Clue Fizzles Fort Alkinson, Attorney Francis Garity of Jefferson county said yesterday state traffic officers had dug up the soft shoul- der of the road on highway 12, a mile from the farm home of missing eight-year-old Georgia Jean Weck- ler, but had found nothing. A truck driver had reported see- ing a man digging on that spot ten hours after the child's disappearance on the afternoon of May I, but said he had not reported the incident Fart o. me C0mmlttecman, and Willis York, earlier because he thought the man ports anci Imports was "nancea t statc Republican! might have been attempting to get Wholesale Food Prices Down chairman, were here all day. car out of the mud. ernor Robert D. Blue, who came up Truman's Mother Somewhat Better Goodvicw, Mo. President Truman's mother was reported "pro- gressing nicely." today nearly 24 hours after she was placed in an oscillating bed for passive exercise. Brigadier General Wallace H. Graham, the President's physician said 94-year-old Mrs. Martha E. Truman's "voice Is strong" and that he felt encouraged by her continued progress. Relaying Graham's remarks to newsmen at nearby Kansas City, Presidential Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said the young medical of- ficer saw no reason to retreat from his optimistic view yesterday that the elderly patient has a chance to recover. The patient, cooperating with Graham's plea that she cat when she can, had a fairly good break- fast, he reported and was "in good spirits." The President, his wire and daughter, Margaret, were with the chief executive's mother. Mr. Truman took along with him to the house a batch of official Peterson, son of Clifford "Peterson, died at an Eau Claire hospital at p. m. Wednesday after being struck at o'clock. Receiving a report that tho child had been hit by'a black 1934 Fold sedan with yellow wheels. Sheriff Basil Erickson. Deputy Charles Keilholtz and Traffic Officer Hen- ry Theurcr, Arcadia, started a search for the vehicle. They traced the car to a farm in Bennett's valley, southwest of Eleva. The driver said he didn't know of hitting anything, the sher- iff reported today, but the right head light of the car was broken. The man was to be taken by Sheriff Erickson before District At- torney L. G. Kostner at Arcadia this afternoon for questioning. The child was hit on state high- way 03 south of the railroad tracks in Eleva. Blood stains in the high- way indicated that the body had been 54 feet, Theurer re- ported. One of II children, thc Peterson child suffered from a broken left thigh; broken left forearm; severe scalp wounds and probable skull fracture. Survivors are his parents and ten brothers and sisters. Funeral was taken from Pickens county jail before dawn February. 17 and lynch- ed in reprisal for .the stabbing of a white taxi driver. Agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and local and state police moved-quickly into -the case and within hours had incrimin- ating statements from self-acknowl- (jdgcd members of the mob. Even- tually, 2G defendants signed un- sworn statements, admitting to po- lice that they had helped take thc Negro to an old slaughter pen where he was bludgeoned, slashed and shot to death. Acquittal of Three Directed A county grand Jury indicted 31 men for murder, conspiracy to commit murder, and of being acces- sories both before and after thc fact. All were brought to trial in Greenville criminal court. Three won directed verdicts of acquittal. In closing the state's case, Prose- cutor Samuel Watt and Robert Ash- arrangements ars being completed. Ford Production Unhampered by lines at three, big factories of the Ford Motor Company, being watched for any signs of faltering, rolled on today under the handicap ot a foremen's strike. As the walkout of approximately organized supervisory men headed into a second day, its ulti- mate effect on production for n car-hungry America remained spec- ulative. in Maine Town Kastport. A spectac- lar fire and explosion roared over a quarter mile of Eastport's -indus- trial waterfront lost night, wreck- ing a score of the physical plant of more than a third of the city's important sardine packing industry. Datr.iige was estimated unofficially at Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and showers early tonight becoming partly cloudy by Friday morning. Generally fair Friday. Continued cool. Low tonight 48; high Fri- day CG. Minnesota: Occasional ram this afternoon. Cloudy and cool tonight with occasional rain northeast por- tlon. Generally fair with .slowly ris- ing .temperatures Friday, Wisconsin Occasional showers this afternoon and In. east and cen- papers on which he worked during Ci0udy and cool. tral portions tonight. Friday partly the day. for the. afternoon riepubllcun rally. Introduced Stassen for his night, ad- dress. Seventy-one o.' the county chalr- I men accepted Invitations to the Vrw York Hie Dun Ttr.-ulstreet wholesale food price In sLa.ssen held a press dropper! five rents In the and answered most ques- tions by saying lie was giving the answers In his prepared speech or had given them in speeches before he went to Europe and Russia, where he had his Interview with Premier Josef Stalin. Today Stassen turned his atten- tion to Wisconsin where, ho said, he will seek delegates to the G.O.P. ;o May 20 (he lowest since October H, 10'tC, when it reKi.'-.tfrccl SS.40. The Hides repre- M-r.'.5 the sum total or the price per pound or 31 food.-; in general use. The current figure represents a dec-line of 12.1 per cent, from thc March 4. lint, is 41.7 higher thrui S-1.20 on the. or prr rent cnrr'-'.pondim: ci'ile a yenr Adviinees during the past week In- flucled corn, rye. onus, barley, bellle.-. nnd cheese. Flour, beef, l.itd. li-.HTer. rufrec, cotton1.ecd nil, national convention in tho state's pre.-ildcntial primaries next April. Preliminary to hi.s campaign in lsrrnifilii. ilu- former Minnesota I governor planned a meeting tomor- hog.-, nnd lambs dc-'row wlLh ,v KWUp Of weekly ncws- c-ned. paper editors at Milwaukee. said he, had not yet dc- AmedeO OblCl, Peanut elded whether hi; would enter the Dead at 69 presidential primary in_ Nebraska. I'a, Ainedcoi founder iind pre.-.ldenl. of j flunters Nut. Chocolate Company Philippine Envoy To the united Suites nt ihe ak'e of 11. conducted! Kansas City President Tru- a small fruit nnd peanut, .'iiuntl In jmiui announced today ho is appoint- Wilkcr.-Biirrr before e.-itnbllshlng ing former Democratic Rcprcscnta- P'lar.'.ers company. i tlve O'Neal of Kentucky He entered the peanut producinRlns ambassador to the Philippines. T.rld with his future brother-in-law, O'Neal's nomination, to succeed LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 2< hours ending at 12 in. today: All 28 Acquitted of Lynching Willie Earle By Bomiiey Wheeler Greenville, S. white men were acquitted at their mass murder trial last night of charges that they lynched a 23-year-old Negro. The verdicts were returned in Greenville county s stilling courtroom after a nine-day trial Murray Orders Two-Year Ban on Steel Strikes unprecedented in southern history. The state had demanded conviction but not death against the al- leged murderers of Willie Earle, -who Director Will Be Named To New Post President Calls Measure Step in Bui Id in gr Peace By Ernest B. Vaccaro Kansas City President Truman today signed the Greek-Turkish aid bill setting; in force a historic Ameri- can foreign policy or bolstering countries against outside aggression as a "support" to the United Nations. He called it "an important step in the building of peace" and said it offered "proof" that the United States will make "a, vigorous effort to help create conditions of peace." "The conditions of he said, "include the ability of nations to maintain order and independ- ence and to support themselves economically." "The measure, a far-reaching de- parture in international relations of this government, became law in a simple ceremony in a mid- western hotel with Mr. Truman's pledge it would not be used to benefit "any particular group or faction." Immediate Negotiations He announced that United States Ambassadors in Greece and Turkey were being instructed to "enter in- to immediate negotiations" Atlantic City. N. two- year ban on strikes ordered by trnl ted Steclworkcrs President Philip Murray paved the way today toward what he said would be un- interrupted production in the na- tion's steel industry and an "op- portunity for stabilizing our coun- try's internal economic affairs." Murray, holding down the dual role of United Stcclworkcrs presi- dent and head of thc parent C.I.O., issued the no-strlkc order last night in a letter approved by the union's 41-maii board of directors at their biennial meeting here. Murray said the no-strike rule was "vital to preserve the Integrity" of the recently-concluded two-year Reimburse Britain government source said today that part of the United States aid funds for Greece would bo earmarked to reimburse Britain in dollars for expenses incurred in maintain- ing the Greek army since March 31. One informant esximated this would amount to about The British foreign office would neither confirm nor deny that the United States had o such rcimburscmeni- agrcemcnt which he described! most tho two governments for the' ex- penditure of the funds, which ho asked for March 12 !.o help hilt the spread of communism In ihs Near and Middle East. He expects to announce soon appointment of an administrator of thc program. In his brief statement, the Pres- ident called the measure "proof that the United States earnestly desires peace and is willing to make a vigorous effort to help create conditions of peace." Replying to the objections raised congressional debate it would "by-pass" the United Carolina. The jury, however, heeded the plea of Defense Counsel Thomas Wofford, who criticized northern "interference" and demanded ac- quittal to "show them it's no use meddling in Greenville county." The defense offered no witnesses or testimony and no defendant took the stand. Referring to thc alleged stabbing, of which the Negro vas accused, Defense Attorney John B. CuJbcrtson had shouted: Conferees Debate Role of Former Reds in Unions Washington Thc question of whether a reformed communist i Nations, Mr. Truman declared it 'and added: "Our aid in this instance is evi- dence not only Uiat we pledge our i support to the United Nations but :Uiat we net to support it." To Aid No Faction Of the other contentions that the money would be used to sup- port so-called "reactionary" admin- Jistrations, the President had ihia to say: "We intend to make sure that we extend will benefit all B CuJbcrtson had shouted: of whether a reformed communisi; tne we will benefit all '-Willie Earle is dead, and I wish ought to be permitted to hold office. lhc Greece and Turkey, fnore like him were dead." Jin a labor union went before ben- not nny Kroup or rilc. ate-Housc conferees today trying Withheld Thanks Circuit Judge J. Robert Martin, Jr declined comment on the ver- dict. He withheld the customary thanks of the court when the jury ended the case. The jury deliberated five hours and 35 minutes. The lost white man to die for an offense against a Negro in South Carolina was a plantation owner, sentenced in Newberry county by Judge John Belton O'Neal in 1848 ior slaves. Defense Attorney Wofford hailed !tho acquittal a.s "what we expected." Maximum, 02; minimum. 50; noon, declared "We think it represents 50; precipitation. .24; sun sets feeling of this community." night at sun rises tomorrow' wntt withheld comment, and i, 4-31. Ashmore observed "I'm going fish- TEMl'ERAXURES ELSEWHERE ing." Max. Mill. Pet. Chicago....... Denver Miami Mpls.-St. Paul New Orleans phoenix Washington C8 ...78 ...81 ...GO ...82 ...96 ...86 49 44 7S 4U ei 65- C5 RIVER BULLETIN Guarded As Negro Goes on Trial .07 Sylvania, Ga. With state patrol cars blocking streets around .03 the courthouse, James Brown, 25- 111 year-old Negro charged with raping AVO white women, went on trial here Flood Stage 24-Hr. Stage Today Change Mario Peruj-v.l. in 1900 and popu- Paul V. McNutt, rirst ambassador the blanched or skinless pea- to the new republic, probably will nu: In preference to the small Span-i go to the Senate tomorrow. :r.n variety with the red skin. McNutt Is returning to the prac- Oblcl was a former owner of tho tlcc of law. He asked to be relieved Suffolk News-Herald. W his assignment sojio weeks ago. 14 12 13 Red Wing Lake City Reads Dam T. W. Dam 5, T. W. (C.P.) Dam c, Pool....... Dam C, T. W....... Dakota (C.P.) Dam 7, Pool....... Dam 7, T. W....... La Cro.sse, 12 Tributary Streams 8.1 ai.o 7.3 8.1 G.4 8.3 8.1 7.8 n.e 7.3 Chlppcwa. at Durand. Zumbro at Thcilman Buffalo above Alma Trempealeau at Dodge Black at Neillsville---- Black at Galesvilln... La Crossc .it W. Salem 4.9 4.0 2.0 1.8 5.3 5.3 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Mr. And Mrs. B. K. Parker arrive In Seattle with their children after a trip from Florida on a novel vehicle constructed by fastening two bicycles together with a carriage in the center for the children. The children are: (Front to rear) Vonncll. two: Dwlght, one, and Richard, eight. The Parkers began the trip last November 13. (AP. Boot at Houston 7.0 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttcnberg) The Mississippi will continue fall- ing slowly for several days except nearly stationary stages will prevail from Prairie du Chicr. to dam ten the next 36 hours. There will be little change Jn tho tributary flow. today. Brown was brought here from the statc prison at Rcidville during the night. Five state patrol cars es- corted him. ate-Housc conferees today trying to'.Jon' compromise labor bill differences. Thc prcsldcnt pointed to passage -by House conferees were reported not I Qf thc cps-on too enthusiastic about defending a mR majorities in bot provision in their labor bill which and assorte overwhctn- houses of .cd tills WM proof "The United States earnestly desires pence and Is willing to makn a vigorous effort to help create conditions or peace." That debate revolved around one bars from union office anybody who "is or ever has been .1 member of i.hc Communist party." Tho "over hu.s been" phrase wns Inserted on the House floor. The Senate House agreed informally yesterday to put: wm the docj-jnc-. a celling on union initiation fees cvelllual with Russia? and membership dues. The House i n voted to put a limit on intla-j dollars but tion fees. Taft guessed the Senate would accept n. "reasonable" amount, but he did not specify. Eastern Railroad Rate Hike Authorized Washington All rail- roads operating cast, of the Mississippi river and north of the Ohio and Potomac rivers have been authorized to boost their basic passenger rates ap- proximately ten per cent on five days' notice to the public. The increases apply only to interstate travel, but state regulatory bodies are expected to make their intrastate fares match thc interstate level. American military equipment and "know-how" into the campaign to communist expansion short of the Mediterranean. The bill authorl7.cs "limited" mili- tary missions. Turkey is to receive up to of thc total, exclusively to modernize hor army. The remainder Is ear- marked for Greece, to be divided equally between military aid and relief and rehabilitation work. Communist Ring Reported Infiltrating From Mexico By Doujjlius n. Cornell McDowell (R.-Pa.) said today a House un-American activities sub- committee has uncovered evidence a "ring" Is 'sneaking commu- nists from Mexico into the United States. McDowell said thc subcommittee also found "communism deeply in- trenched in Hollywood and movies." Just back from California, "Thc un-American activities com- mittee is not concerned with illegal Food Arrives at German Harbors port authori- l.los announced today HG ships [loaded with nearly tons of (food were arriving from May 1 to I July 18 to alleviate thc critical j.shortngc.s in the American nnd Bnt- :lsh occupation zones. I Colonel Hugh B. Hester, chief of the food and agricultural division or the American military Roverr.- immigratlon. any more than with.nlenl. saicj German the numbers racket or cheating children in thc U. S. zone would receive a ration-free meal at income taxes. "The immigration we are con- cerned about is that of people who come over our border to do some- thing to our country." Pcnnsylvanian told a reporter he returned by way of the Mexican border to check on "tips and leads" regarding thc ring. "Thera is absolutely no question He gave no details as to where the'the ring operates along thc border or how many people it is getting the that Is such a he said-. across. On the basis of Information gath- ered by the subcommittee and some to. be checked further by the in- vestigators, the congressman said the full hold open hearings ia Washington next mouth. school daily by June 1. The children in the British zone have been receiving such a rneal for some Montevideo to Vote on City Manager June 17 Montevideo, council said today that nn election would be held June 17 on a pro- posed new city charter. Thc chartor calls for n. city manager form ol government. ;