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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 20, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight and Sunday, Cooler Tonight VOLUME 50, NO. 80 Baseball Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM WINONA. MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 20, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES N. J. Dock Blast Toll May Hit 29 Truman Asks Universal U. S. Military Training SHERMAN WARNS U.S. MUST BUILD DEFENSES St. Louis f or- rest P. Sherman said today the United States must main- tain a powerful military es- tablishment because of "a tot- alitarian dictatorship avowedly aspiring to world domination." The chief of naval operations warned an Armed Forces day luncheon gathering "we can- not quickly change the facts that now exist." Admiral Sherman said Amer- icans can hope for the satel- lite countries in Europe to gradually separate themselves from "Russian overlordshlp" and for China eventually to be- come an independent nation. "Gradually, we can expect Western Europe to re-establish Itself with sufficient strength to give balance to the world power he said. "Until these things come about, I believe we must main- tain a powerful military estab- lishment." The only safe course will prove costly, he said, and "will require sustained effort and may call for great sacri- fices." "We may not be able to do things we would greatly pre- he added. "However, to me, there is no choice, and the preservation of freedom Is worth the inevitable price." Armed Forces Day Warnings Issued By Defense Leaders By The Associated Press The American people were told today that preparedness to the point of sacrifice is their best in- surance against possible Russian aggression. A call for mobilization of strength and resources sounded in major cities across the nation where key defense officials spoke in observance of the first Armed Forces day. President Truman and Secretary of Defense Johnson led those who urged preparedness by calling last for extension of the draft Red Dropping At N. D. Border Winnipeg, Man. The weatherman gave a helping hand today to flood-pressed Winnipeg. He took the rain, anticipated earlier, off the forecast for the day. me lorecasi mr UK uaj. Another welcome word came from the international border, 70 miles to the south, where the Red river pours in from North Dakota. There, at Emerson, the river's level drop- TODAY- Congress Has Dull Session By Stewart Alsop Washington Aside from tfee noxious McCarthy business, the present session of Congress has been one of the dullest in memory. And the reason Is pretty obvious. The great Truman domestic, pro- gram, for which President Truman has been beating the drums so as- siduously on his whistlestop junk- .et, is really a dead Issue in Con- gress, and has been from the start. Moreover, all the signs are that it will continue to be a dead issue In the next session of Congress, whatever may happen in Novem- ber. This is why the session has been so dull it is difficult to get very excited about pipe-dreams (or pip e-nightmares, as some ped 1.5 inches in 24 hours. At Letelller, a few miles north of Smerson, the drop was four inches in 36 hours. Winds that had'churned the huge flood-made lake that now Is south- ern Manitoba also dropped, eas- ing the pressure on the main dikes on the south side of the city. But officials still feared break might develop. Succession of Lakes "The whole said Briga- dier Ronald Morton, the flood con- trol commander, "now is a suc- cession of lakes subject to very high currents and winds. We no longer regard It as a river." The Red and its tributary As- sinlboine and Seine rivers held steady at 30.25 feet here. Nor had the drop on the U. S. border reached Morris, 41 miles south of would have Truman blames the Congressional lethargy on the whose heads he demands on a platter. But he quite naturally neglects to point out that if his demand were granted, the Democratic leadership in Congress would be neatly decapitated. For the fact is that most of the Dem- ocratic Congressional leaders are major Morse Wins Renomination In Oregon Democratic Opponent Still In Doubt Portland, Ore. Oregon's Senator Wayne Morse trounced conservative decisively opposition extemporaneously at night law. an armed forces dfnner in Wash- ington, Mr. Truman advocated a universal military training pro- gram for the welfare and defense of the nation. He said there never would have been cold war if Congress had voted a draft law in 1945 when he asked for it, instead of wait- .ng three years. Build np Defenses Appearing with the President, Johnson said the Defense depart- ment is working to build up a de- :ense "of such formidability as to convince a possible aggressor that we cannot be beaten quickly on a hit-and-run basis." he said, there is a "most compelling" need to extend the draft law, now due to expire June 24, to bolster the morale of European countries who so far have "held Communism at bay." General Omar Bradley, the na- military warned in a" Francisco speech that a Russian atomic attack is possible "in a few and called for a "bold new program" to bolster defenses against the "two-headed monster" of Soviet Communism. Other top figures in planning the national defense declared that the cold war is steadily getting hotter. They warned of the possibility of global conflict and urged prepared- ;ss. The warnings came against a background of the newly complet- ed London conference where the United States and her 11 Allies to win Republican renomination in yesterday's primary election. Since 1914 Republican nomina- tion has been tantamount to elec- tion. To those who contended that he voted more often with Democrats than with Republicans, Morse promised to keep on voting "in- dependently upon issues as I see them." Morse defeated Dave Hoover, a former Los Angeles, deputy sheriff who became a dairy farmer in Oregon's rugged coastal range. He was unknown hi Oregon until party conservatives led him through a campaign which Morse described as "the worst smear campaign in 25 years." On a basis of unofficial returns from 1321 of Oregon's pre- cincts, Morse led to John McBrlde, a House committee clerk in Washington, D. C., trailed with Hoover, called reawjeQ iviurrio, Hilled avunn vi vjinm.M Winnipeg and the center of the completed a treaty against Corn- flood area. There the river show- munism. Diplomats in Europe said the outcome of the parley meant the West had concluded it can live in peace only by arming to the teeth, with little or no hope of negotiat- ing a settlement of the east-west ed a slight rise overnight. Officials still planned to order compulsory evacuation of the Win- ipeg area if the rivers rose another two feet. Already or more persons have left the area in re- sponse to official appeals for a lightening of the load on overtax- ed public utilities. Moving Plans Ready Plans were ready to remove the rest if necessary. D. M. Stephens, Manitoba's dep- uty minister of natural resources, warned yesterday that. the long- term weather outlook was "none too optimistic." The Red river val- ley, he said, is due for more rain in the next few days. That "in all likelihood" will cause the flood to inch Its way higher. Sandbagging operations last night conflict. Standby Powers Asked At home, the Army, Navy and Air Force paraded their power at ocrauc -icuucis cue sanuoaggmg operations liiai. either violently unenthusiastlcjconcentrated on McGlllivray dike, about major portions of the Tru- j protecting city homes from man-program, or actively opposed jthe rampaging flood. The Army to it. jsaid the situation on the flood's AN INCIDENT which preceded 30th day was critical, the great Democratic jamboree in Chicago serves to illustrate this fact. Senator Scott Lucas of Illi- nois is the Senate majority lead- er, and thus, as President Truman pointed out in Chicago, "respon- sible for guiding our program (Continued on Page 3, Column 8) ALSOP ILli UttJ' wp-a Some 600 square miles of southern Manitoba now are under water, in a lake stretching 70 miles south to the United States border. Estimat- ed damage to farmlands and homes ranged upward from Informants said loss to business and industry is beyond calculation. "a reactionary and an isolationist" by Morse, ad mitted defeat at 1 a.m. Of the 36 counties, Hoover car- ried only two. Both are small coun- ties In the central Oregon range- land country. Morse's big margin was in sharp contrast to his -first primary cam' paign six years ago, when he un seated former U. S. Senator Rufus C. Holman to The Democrats, heartened by the fact' that for the first time they have more registered voters than do the Republicans, are mak- ing a supreme effort this year to win control of this last G.O.P. stronghold of the West. Oregon is the only western state to vote Re- publican In the 1948 presidential election. There are more Democratic candidates than ever before, and they are after every major office, and most of the minor ones. But most of the Democratic nominees won't be known until the last votes are counted because of close primary contests. More's Democratic opponent in the November election is in doubt Howard Latourette, Portland, for mer Democratic national commit- teeman, held a to lead over Dr. Louis A. Wood, retired university economics professor. The state's four congressmen, ington. all Republicans, won renomina-j The switchmen's Fire still blazes in this general view, after four explosive-laden barges blew up at the South Amboy, N. J., docks. A state of emer- gency was declared in the city of persons, some 30 miles south S Strike Put Off to June Washington UP) An A.RL. switchmen's strike scheduled for next Tuesday on ten Midwestern I railroads'was postponed Friday un- til June 1. The National (Railway) Media- tion board obtained the postpone- ment and will try to settle the dis- pute before the next strike dead- line. Francis A. O'Neill, Jr., chairman of the board, said the union is ask- reduction of the work week from 48 to 40 hours without loss ing of pay; also time and a half for Saturday work and double time for Sundays. O'Neill announced that mediation would start next Tuesday In Wash- union, whose tion. Representative Homer D. An- members operate vital yard service gell, Portland, had double the on the ten lines scheduled to be Air Force paraded their power at gen, r-uruaim, uuuuic me on me ten mica suicuiucu "open house" on ships and shore number of votes tallied by both! struck, has headquarters in Buffalo, anrt with miiltarv and of his opponents combined. The The ten railroads are: Chicago Great Western; Chicago, Rock Island ancj Pacific; Daven- port, Rock Island and North- western; Denver and Rio Grande Western; Great Northern; Minne- apolis St. Louis; Northern Pa- cific Terminal Company of Ore- gon; St. Paul Union Depot Com- pany; Sioux City Terminal rail- way, and Western Pacific railroad. Clark Says Russ Respect Only Force Milwaukee Soviet Russia respects only one Gen- eral Mark Clark told a Milwaukee 'wittfrnllltary and of his opponents combined. The naval exercises and aerial dis- other three congressmen were un- plays. opposed. While Johnson declared that the armed forces are in "a healthy state of Bradley urged the granting of standby war emergency, powers to the Presi- dent and said Congress should en- act other measures "for tighten- ing our belts for defense." An even sharper warning came from Admiral Jonas H. Ingram (retired) who told an Armed Forces day banquet in Indianapolis last night that war is inevitable with- in two and one-half years "the way we are going now." In Detroit, General Hoyt S. Van- denberg. Air Force chief of staff, cautioned that the Air Force at present is too weak to press an all-out air war more than a few months. And he said the aircraft industry today is in no position to replace heavy combat losses. Hungary Sees Film Budapest, Hungary The Italianfilm "Bicycle Theif" is the first western film advertised here in a long time. A commentary de- scribes it as a "deeply affecting film story about the present life of Italian workers." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Generally fair tonight and Sunday. Somewhat cooler "tonight. Lowest tonight 46; highest Sunday 74. LOCAL WEATHER Offical observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: 24 Maximum, 77; minimum, 55; noon, 65; precipitation, .06; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at DAILY RIVER BULLETIN audience Friday. The chief of the Army field forces said Russia must be made to understand that she will start an- other war only at the risk of her destruction. The Communists are trying to destroy everything we fought for, in. and they are receiving the active Flood Stage 24-hr. backillg of the Red Clark Stage Today Chg. When an unusual amount of water backed up behind the Pine Falls cofferdam, 100 miles northeast of Winnipeg, engineers decided to blast open part of it. The increase in water was due to rapid melting of heavy snow, the same factor which caused the Bed river to flood part of Wirephoto.) Lake City.......... 14.4 -0.1 Reads 12 102 -0.2 Dam 4. T.W....... 11.1 -0.2 Dam 5, T.W....... S3 -0.3 Dam 5A, T.W. 11.3 -0.5 Winona 13 12.2 Dam 6, Pool....... 11.3 -0.4 Dam 6 T.W. 10.7 -0.4 Dakota 10.4 -0.3 Dam 7, Pool....... 105 -0.4 Dam 7, T.W....... 10.4 -03 La Crosse 12 11.6 Tributary Streams Chippewa at Durand ..5.4 Buffalo above Alma 1.6 Trempealeau at Dodge 0.5 Black at Galesville 3.7 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.6 Root at Houston 6.4 KIVEK FORECAST (From Hastings to Gnttenbergr) The Mississippi will fall through- out this district for an indefinite period without effective rainfall. Daily falls will average 0.4 foot from Alma to Genoa. Elsewhere in the district 02 foot for several days. Rainfall the past 24 hours will not affect the flow of any of the tribu- taries. Additional weather on Pege 3. said. School for Men Kyoto, Japan A classical Japanese dance school has admitted men for the first time in its five centuries. Several of Japan's top Kabuki dancers are studying a1 the Inoue Kyo Mai school in Kyoto's famed Gion geisha quarters. Male Kabuki dancers traditionally por- tray both male and female parts, niversary. of New York city. Police said several were killed and many otheri injured in the explosion. Windows throughout the city and in neigh- boring communities were shattered by the Wirephoto.) 312 Injured as Ammunition Barges Blow Up South Amboy, N. J. Pos- ibly 29 persons were dead and at east 312 injured in this blast- hocked city today after 600 tons f ammunition exploded last night 1th a thunderous explosion heard i three states. The number of injured was an- ounced by the American Red Cross-. Ten of the Injured were In ritical condition. In the wreckage of this water- rent city, 21 miles southwest of