Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
Partly Cloudy, No Important Temperature Change River Stage 24-Howr (Flood 13) Today 7.59 .24 Year Ago 8.38 .06 VOLUME 52, NO. 79 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 19, 1952 TWENTY PAGES Talks Near Break Over Screening Student Trapped 90 Feet Below ace o fGIa cier SPIRIT LAKE, Wash, (ffl A frantically to reach him. young University of Washington student lay trapped at the bottom of a 90-foot crevasse high on the icy slopes of Mt. St. Helens today. Experienced mountaineers battled Arthur Jessett TODAY Czechs Irked at Russ Rule By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSO? WASHINGTON the first time in some years of weary wait- ing, the experts are weighing the possibility that a major satellite regime is not absolutely under the Kremlin's thumb. The regime is that of President Klement Gott- wald of Czechoslovakia. The most striking facts are sim- ply those concerning the com- position of the Gottwald govern- ment. The Czech president, who has never been known as a true IOC per cent Stalinist, now has his own men, reporting directly to him, in the three key positions of his totalitarian state. His son-in-law, Cepicka, is minis- ter of defense, and thus controls the armed forces. His old com- rade-in-arms, Nosek, is minister of the interior, controlling the appara- tus of justice. Like Gottwald him- self, Nosek is generally regarded as a "nationalist" Communist, and he has committed the grave indis- cretion, from the Kremlin's stand- point, of spending the war in Lon- don instead of Moscow. Finally, Gottwald has also ap- pointed another henchman, a cer- tain Basilek, as chief of the secret The youth, 20-year-old Art Jes sett, son of a Seattle minister dropped from sight at the foot level shortly after noon yester- day. He and three companions were descending the northeast slope of the mountain after a climb to the summit. Jessett called to his companions that he was trapped in the narrow ice hole about 35 feet down. He said he thought he had broken his arm. Then as the ice about him melted from the heat of his body he called that he was slipping. The party's only rope went with him. It was looped about Jessett's shoulder, Mountaineers Called Mountaineers from Seattle and Portland were called to base camp here at 4 a.m. to aid hi-the rescue attempt. State patrolmen and members of the Mt. St. Helens ski patrol labored until nightfall yes- terday. Bruce Raby, Seattle, a member of Jessett's party, said Jessett was about 300 feet behind the group when he disappeared. When they returned to look for him, they found only a hole about the size of a man in the snow. Raby said the crevasse had been covered completely by the snow. Raby said Jessett called, "I'm slipping." While Raby skiied down the mountain for help, another mem- ber of the party, Ford Oliphant, 20, of Chehalis, intercepted six other climbers on the mountain and borrowed a rope. 'I Kept Slipping' Britain Ready To Break With Chinese Reds Businessmen Tired After Three Years Of Harassment By LEONARD LEDDINGTON LONDON out by almost three years of constant Communist Oliphant was lowered into the harassment, British business today ice hole as the others braced the I was reported planning to abandon rope with ice axes. Oliphant said' he found an ice ledge about 60 feet below the rim of the hole where he was able to stand. He said the hole was about the size of his body. "But as I stood there, the heat "rom my body melted the ice and kept he said. Oliphant said he heard two ;roans from about 30 feet below silence. He said the walls of the crevasse were of solid ice from 10 feet be- ow the surface. It was terribly cold. After Oliphant was drawn lausted back to the surface he obbed: "If we could have gotten him out we would." its 800-million-dollar investment on the Chinese mainland and get out. The reported withdrawal, how- ever, will not affect Britain's matie recognition of the Peiping regime. London newspapers said Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden will tell Parliament tomorrow that British businessmen see no use trying to hang on in the vast Far Eastern country where, until the Reds took over, they had been dominant figures in foreign trade for more than 200 years. Estimated Holdings British holdings in China are estimated at 300 million pounds (840 million The news- paper reports said the British owners will try to sell the holdings to Chinese government agencies but that no one is optimistic. "The Foreign Office thinks the chances of companies getting com- pensation for their abandoned property are very said the Daily Express. j The Communists ordered seizure of all American properties on the Chinese mainland at the end o: 1950. No compensation was paid. The Reds have seized outright only one British holding, however Asiatic Petroleum Company, in April, 1951. This was in retalia- tion for British seizure in Hong Kong of a tanker formerly owned by the Chinese Nationalist govern- ment and claimed by the Reds. To Give Up Properties The properties the British are reported now planning to give up are located chiefly in Shanghai, Tientsin, Hankow, Canton and a sprinkling of smaller cities. Be- onging to firms covering almost he entire field of commerce, they include factories, shipyards, ware- houses, hotels and office buildings. The Final Check In Minnesota's soldier's Jbonus payments was mailed today to Mrs. Genevieve L. Yunkers, Dresser, Wis., mother of Bernard B. Yunkers, a deceased veferaa who formerly lived in South St. Paul. Pictured left to right above with the.last check are William E. Revier, state commissioner of veterans' affairs, Gov. C. Elmer Andersoa and Robert E. Wilson, assistant administrator of veterans' affairs. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) These Three Mountain Climbers were with Art Jessett, 19, of Seattle, when he was lost in a Mt. St. Helena crevasse Sunday near Spirit Lake, Wash. They are, left to right, Bruce Raby, 21, Seattle, Manford Oliphant, 22, Chehalis, and Dick Grain, 20, Seattle. This photo was taken after their arrival at the base of the mountain last night. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Yank Held Hostage In Brazilian Wilds _ MIAMI, Fla. MV-Grim drama was being enacted deep in the police. The man who holds this Brazilian jungles today where a U.S. civilian aviation investigator most vital of all posts in the state and a Brazilian Air Force major tried to win freedom from a "wild- i apparatus is famous both for his absolute ruthlessness and his blind obedience to Gottwald. Basilek's position is also significant in an- other way. For his predecessor was one Kopriva, an equally blood- thirsty hatchetman who owed his job, not to Gottwald, but to Ru dolf Slansky. Slansky, of course was the Stalinist secretary of the Czech Communist party, whose de nunciation by Gottwald and arres late last year, were a major anc most astonishing sensation. The strongest interpretation of the mysterious Slansky denuncia tion and arrest has just appearec in the official Yugoslav magazine Foreign Affairs. This article was written by Ivan Karainov, who is the top Yugoslav expert on the Cominfpraj, and has a noteworthy reputation for being well informed Karainov stated flatly that a bit- ter, still-concealed struggle for power has been, going on between the Kremlin and the Gottwald re- gime for some time. He reported that since Slansky's arrest, Gott wald had already purged no less than loyal Stalinists in the state apparatus. He pictured Gott- wald as defying the Kremlin to seize total control of the state and party in Czechoslovakia. Karainov has often been right be- fore. The Yugoslav intelligence concerning the satellite area is undoubtedly the best in the world. And it must be added that the simple circumstances of the Slan- sky arrest appear to support Karainov's interpretation of it and of the events which have followed it. The fall of Slansky caught all Western intelligence experts' flat- footed. Slansky had always been accounted the Kremlin's chief and (Continued on Page 13, Column 1.) ALSOPS cat" group of parachutists. Gordon Bennett, chief adviser of the Miami International District Office of the Civil Aeronautics Authority, said 30 or more armed parachutists were holding Scott A. Magness, CAA aviation safety ad- viser from Miami, and Maj. Mir- anda Correa of the Brazilian Air Force. He said they were being used as hostages in an attempt to gain transportation for the parachutists back to civilization from a heli- copter landing strip 3.7 miles from the spot where a Pan American World Airways plane crashed April 29, killing 50 persons, including 10 Clark Names Board to Study Koje Incident TOKYO inquiry into the capture and release of Brig. Gen Francis T. Dodd by Communist war prisoners on Koje Island, Ko- rea, shifted to Tokyo today. Gen. Mark Clark, United Na- tions supreme commander, named a board to study findings of a U.S. Eighth Army board in Korea on the kidnaping. It also will review rec- ommendations by Gen. James A. Van Fleet, Eighth Army com- mander. The Korea board's report was not made public. The Tokyo board will report to Clark. He will pass it on with his recommendations to the Depart- ment of the Army in Washington. There still another board will re- view the findings of the Korea and Tokyo boards and make public a inal report. Dodd, then prison camp com- mander on Koje was seized by Red sowers May 7 and released un- larmed 78 hours later. He is in an Army hospital at Seoul or treatment of a gastric distur- bance. Medical officers said he ivould be hospitalized some time ut his ious." condition was "not se- Americans. The pilot of a U.S. helicopter messaged his commanding officer at Albrook Air Force Base in the Panama Canal zone that he had remcvici ail U.S. government of ficials from the jungle "except one (Magness) who is being held hos- tage by Brazilian parachutists.' He said he was forced to fly supplies to the armed group at the threat of death to Magness. Bennett said the unauthorized expedition, led by Lino de Mattos, a deputy from the state of Sao Paulo, had been sponsored and fi- nanced by Adhemar de Barros, a former governor of Sao Paulo and mentioned as a possible candidate for President of Brazil in the next election. No further information was avail- able here, but _it was known that here was conflict between the of- icial expedition to the scene of the crash and the volunteer group, which was called a "solidarity The firms include some of the greatest names in the history of trade in the Far East, among them the British-American Tobacco Com- pany, the Shell Oil Company, Butterfield and Swire, and Jardine, Matheson and Company. Formerly Britons ran the holdings in China. Now the scat- tered British colony totals only about 120 persons. Getting them out may present keen diplomatic problems. Some Western businessmen have been held in the past by Chinese Red authorities until their employes were paid vast "settlement" sums by the Chinese themselves. The Daily Express said the Brit- ish government had been asked to step in and "help by safeguarding the interests of British employes." The Express did not say how. To Get Out The News Chronicle said a Brit- State Writes Off Soldiers '49 Bonus Law By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL; The state of Min- nesota wrote "finis" to its 1949 Thuringina, and Hof, frontier com- munications center in the Amerl- law, when the final can zone state of Bavaria. West German railway officials Berlin Fear Rises Over Red Squeeze By DAN DE LUCE FRANKFURT, Germany A sudden Communist order today closed one of five border crossing points for German passenger trains linking the Soviet zone with West Germany. Without explanation, the East German government shut -off pass- enger traffic on the feeder line between Gutenfuerst in Soviet-occupied check in the program was mailed out. The last payment in the three- year undertaking went to Mrs. Genevieve L. Yunker at Dresser, Wis., mother of Bernard B. Yun- ker, a deceased veteran. He for- merly lived at South St. Paul. The bonus program was paid for by bonds, to be retired by income years. said passenger traffic on this line was not explicitly covered by So- viet-allied agreements. But it had been carried on by an unwritten "gentlemen's understanding" since the Berlin blockade was lifted May 12, 1949. Today's Red order was the first to cut down interzonal rail com- munications in p o s t-blockade from a tax on the state's income taxpayers, a 5-per- cent surtax on income taxes and special cigaret and liquor taxes. William E. Revier, state com- missioner of veterans' affairs, _ _ _ Nurse Confesses Poisoning Niece Reported Holding Insurance on Child It left the Gutenfuerst-Hof line! WETUMPKA, Ala. plain, open for freight movements, how-! middle-aged hospital head nurse Berlin Jittery West German officials said traf- coolly confessed last night to killing I her little .niece with an arsenic- fie was normal on the remaining I sPlked soda dropped the last check in the mails six interzonal rail crossings, four The 42-year-old nurse, Mrs. Earle after Gov. C. Elmer Anderson per- j of which can be used by passenger I Dennison, denied, however, that sonally supervised its actual pro- cessing An average of per claim was paid to applicants Total number of claims filed was Of these. were dis- allowed by the department, but 870 appealed to a board of review. The joard upheld the department in 476 cases but 373 were allowed, anc 21 applicants withdrew their ap- peals. The law became effective April 29, 1949. At the peak of bonus pay. merits the bonus division employed ish decision to get out of China 1276 persons, already had been communicated to j The cost of administering the act the Communists in a formal note at the -commissioner's office was handed to Chinese Premier and S2.93 a case, considerably less than Foreign Minister Chou En-Iai. A that experienced in other bonus- British Foreign Office spokesman paying states, said he had no confirmation of The first application selected at the report. The crash scene is 591 miles ;outh-southeast of Belem and 933 miles north of Rio de Janeiro. The ilane was en route from Buenos Aires to New York when it crashed. ,Miss Glenna Pohly (above) was named "Miss Illinois of 3352" in a contest at .East St. Louis, 111. She is the daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Glenn Pohly of Rock Falls, 111. The 19- year-old a sophomore music student at Northwestern University in Evanston. (AP Wirephoto) random by Gov. Youngdahl on Oct. 3, 1949, belonged to Charles Wil- liam Graham of Crookston. This claim, together with others, was paid on Nov. 9, 1949. Bingo Playing In Bar Illegal ST. PAUL It's illegal to play bingo in a place where intoxicating liquor is sold or in any room ad- joining such premises, Attorney General Burnquist ruled today. A ruling was requested by L. W Benshoof, Detroit Lakes city at- torney. The city of Detroit Lakes has issued three club licenses for j sale of liquor. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday. No important temperature change. Low tonight 44, high Tuesday 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 65: minimum, 45; noon, 65; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 70; minimum, 48; trains. But the Communist action jolt- ed blockade-jittery Berlin and sent cold chills through West Germany, where fear of Soviet aggression has increased sharply as the Bonn government neared a peace con- tract with the West. she poisoned another niece whose body, exhumed after two years, showed arsenic traces. Sheriff Lester Holley said Mrs. Dennison confessed in writing yes- terday to the death three weeks ago of her 2-year-old niece by mar- The mysterious order crippled 1 "age, Shirley Diann Weldon. Bavaria's contact with East Ger-1 Dennison even watched the many, although the main rail autopsy on the child in which the crossing for Munich-Berlin passen- Doctors found the arsenic traces, gers at Ludwigstadt-Probstzella is IHolley reported. unaffected. Many Bavarians, if they wish to visit the isolated former German capital, must now make long, ex- pensive detours, instead of taking a convenient train on the short feeder route. It was (he latest move in an ob- vious Soviet campaign to frighten West Germany from its course.of military and political alliance with the West. Eastern Communists have openly spoken of "fratricidal war" to come and have prepared to organize a Soviet zone army of over Germans, with the Red people's police 'as a nucleus. Cat and Mouse Game Playing a cat-and-mouse game, he Russians banned Allied patrols >n the Berlin-West Germany auto- )ahn May 8, claimed later Uiat these were illegally armed, then gradually permitted them to re- sume their daily trips on the 110- mile super-highway. Yesterday and today, the patrols passed through Soviet checkpoints noon, 70; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to-' morrow at Additional weather on page 18. interference. Communists have completed rerouting East German trains so that they avoid passing through the Allied sectors. New canals have been put into op- eration to keep East German barge traffic out of Allied-held dis- tricts in the city. Berliners are convinced such Knocked Her Out "When I went to arrest her last Holley continued, "she was in bed. While she was dressing she took something that knocked her out. I took her to the hospital and they fixed her up." The hos- pital said it was an overdose of sleeping pills. Mrs. Dennison was charged with murder on a warrant sworn out by the' parents of both children, Mr. and Mrs. 0. G. Weldon, a farm couple. Holley said Mrs. Dennison was reported to hold two life insurance policies on Shirley Diann, one for and the other for Two years ago, Holley continued, Mrs. Dennison collected on a policy on the first child to die. Polly Ann Weldon, 3. The sheriff added these details: The same day Mrs. Weldon gave birth to Shirley Diann, Polly Ann came down with convulsions a few moments after eating an ice cream :one given her by Mrs. Dennison. Mrs. Dennison admitted giving the child the cone but denied it was wisoned. Arsenic Traces Polly Ann died in the hospital at which Mrs. Dennison was head nurse and was attended by her aunt in her off-hours. The Weldons became suspicious after the second child was seized measures have been taken to en- eating something given her by able a new blockade to be clamp- Dennison. They asked for the ed down, whenever Moscow wants j autopsy. After the arsenic traces it, without hampering Soviet zone were swore out a war. communications as happened in rant. 1948-49. Repeated assurances by the United States government and its Holley said that during the four hour questioning yesterday Mrs. Dennison was just as "cool as any- British and French allies that they one could be will protect West Berlin do not Holley said the body of Mrs. dispel German alarm that the city Denmson's' late husband brother is vulnerable to a new Communist to Mrs. Weldon, had been exhumed squeeze. but no poison was found. Admiral Joy Says Reds Lie About Issue American Confirms Final U.N. Stand On War Proposals By SAM SUMMERLIN MUNSAN, Korea UP) The top United Nations truce negotiator to- day labeled as an "out-and-out" lie a Communist denial that the Reds had agreed to Allied screening of captured Reds. Inside the Pamnunjom confer- ence tent, Vice Adm.' C. Turner Joy, senior U.N. delegate, told the Reds: "Had the results been to your liking you would have enthusias- tically welcomed the product of the screening." North Korean Gen. Nam II re- plied: "It is inconceivable and nobody would believe that our side who is firmly opposed to the retention of our captured personnel by your side under whatever name could have agreed directly or indirectly to your so-called screening." A recent Allied quizzing of Red prisoners of war showed that nearly North Koreans and Chinese prisoners were" unwilling to return to Communism. Armistice Blocked The issue ef exchanging pris- oners blocks an armistice. In Tokyo, Gen. Mark Clark, U. N. supreme commander, announced that Maj. Gen. William K. Harri- son Jr. will succeed Joy as senior U.N. truce delegate Friday. Joy, only remaining member of the original five-man truce team which began the talks last July 10, will leave the Far East June 9 to become superintendent of the U. S. Naval Academy. Harrison has been a member of the U.N. delegation since Jan. 23. Clark has not announced a re- placement for Harrison. The 37 minutes of bitter debate today produced no progress. But the truce delegations will meet again tomorrow at 11 a.m. (9 p.m. Monday, Joy did not use the word lie in- side the conference tent. But he told newsmen Nam U be- gan "to lie and deny they ever agreed to the screening." "That is an out-and-out the gray-haired admiral said. Joy reviewed for the Reds the secret 'staff officer talks on pris- oner exchange and told them: "You knew that screening was to take place, you acquiesced in its accomplishment, and only when its result was not to your liking and expectation did you decide to object to it." Barefaced Falsehoods The official U.N. communique rioted that today's session "was characterized by the Communists' resort to .barefaced falsehoods when they denied" agreeing to the screening. Joy in his review said the Reds "sought a compromise round figure as the basis for settling the pris- oner of war problem." He told them, Joy added: "We, nevertheless, repeatedly informed your representatives that we could not furnish an arbitrary round figure, that an individual poll or canvass of prisoners of war would first have to be made." j Joy declared that when secret talks recessed on April 4 the Com- munists knew it would take at least a week for the screening. He added: "Your side knew that we would encounter trouble in getting some of your people to agree to unforced repatriation because your side fur- nished our side for use in our screening process a statement of amnesty from your official sources." Joy reiterated that the United Nations command stands "finally and irrevocable" on its proposal of April 28 which calls for return of only those prisoners who will go back without being forced. Youth Robs Hotel In Milwaukee Of MILWAUKEE WV-A bare-head- ed teenage youth who liotered around the Empire Room of the Schroeder Hotel early yesterday held up the cashier and ran off with The cashier, Mrs. Gertrude Briesemeister, told police she saw the youth sitting at a table at a. m. and asked what he was doing there. "I'm waiting for one of the bus the young man answer- ed. Later he displayed a pistol, grab- bed the'money and ran from the room into the lobby.