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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 18, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Tuesday, Cooler Tonight Albert Lea at Winona Tuesday, 8 p. m. Tune in KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 77 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 18, 1953 TWENTY P estrian Fatally Injure H ere Capt. Joseph McConnell Jr., of Apple Valley, Calif., first American triple ace of the Korean War, stood on the wing of his Sabre jet before taking off on a mission on May 16 over North Korea. At that time he had 13 downed Russian-built MIGs to his credit and since then he has shot down three more for a total of 16. McConnell flies with 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing, U.S. Air Force. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Allies Down 35 MIGs in 6 Days TODAY New Look At Problem Of Defense 3y JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON the best clue of what has really been happening inside the Administra- tion was given at the recent meet- ing of the Business Advisory Coun- cil at Hot Springs. Rumors of curi- ous events at this government- sponsored, supposedly off-the-rec- ord rally of large businessmen have already got abroad; but the full story is needed to give the full significance. In brief, Vice President Rich- ard Nixon attended the meeting as a featured speaker, while Sen. Robert A. Taft was in Hot Springs to spend a weekend with Mrs. Taft, American Triple Ace With 16 ____ Planes to Credit By WILLIAM J. WAUGH SEOUL UPI American Sabre jet pilots blasted 12 Red MIG jets I to earth today, three of the kills going to a slender Californian to make him the world's leading jet ace with 16 MIGS destroyed. The Air Force reported the fig- ures and said another MIG proba- bly was destroyed. Capt. Joe McConnell, a soft- spoken 140-pounder, slid easily by the triple ace requirement of 15 victories in the sixth straight day of furious air battles that has counted 36 MIGs destroyed, two probably downed and 17 damaged. And the Fifth Air Force removed his hottest competitor from com- bat by turning down Capt. Manuel Fernandez' request to fly 25 more missions. Fernandez, of Miami, Fla., had 14 MIG' kills, one short of triple ace-dom. He will leave shortly for home with 125 missions flown, 25 more than required 'for rotation. 31st Jet Ace Monday's dogfights also pro- j duced the 31st jet ace of the war as Lt. Col. George Ruddell of Eu- Ore., shot down his Excess Profits Tax Sen. Taft Says But Agrees Levy Must Be Continued Temporarily By JACK BELL WASHINGTON W Taft (R-Ohio) said today that the ex- cess profits tax is "vicious" in some of its aspects but probably should be continued temporarily to provide revenue 'needed toward budget balancing. Taft, the Senate majority leader, said in an interview he feels the tax generally reaches big business firms most able to pay, although he added there is really no equi- table way of defining "excess j profits." "While it is a vicious tax in some ways, it provides revenue that we need badly and it probably ought to be continued he observed. The tax, reaching a maximum of 68 per cent, is scheduled to die July 1 unless Congress acts to con- tinue it. The levy now raises about two billion dollars in revenue yearly. Asks Balanced Budget Taft said he does not know whether President Eisenhower will call for continuation of the levy in his radio report to the nation on security, economy, budget and deficits tomorrow night. Eisenhow- er has said federal revenue should not be reduced until a balanced budget is in sight. The President plans to discuss the same matters tomorrow morn- ing at a White House conference with legislative leaders. Taft said it is his judgment that unless Eisenhower recommends specific tax action, Congress is un- likely to continue present high lev- ies. He indicated that if the Presi- I dent merely cites the need for rev- enue and leaves the solution up to the lawmakers, will be done. little if anything Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala.) the'1952 Democratic vice presidential nom- inee, said in a separate interview Associated Press Correspondent William Oatis waved a greet- ing on his arrival in New York today following his release from a Czech prison. He was met by his wife Laurabelle. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Oatis Back in U.S., Meets Wife in N. Y. NEW YORK Wl William N. shaking his head. Oatis returned to the United States and his wife's arms today from more than two years in prison be- hind the Communist Iron Curtain. The Associated Press Foreign Correspondent arrived at Idlewild airport aboard Airways plane Germany. a Pan American from Frankfurt, But they posed smiling, with their arms around each other. Oatis spent 25 months in a Prague prison. Czech authorities held that he was a spy. Then, suddenly, this week they released him. Mrs. Oatis last saw her husband almost three years ago at Ken- Even customs formalities were j sington Air Terminal in London on held in abeyance so there would be I june 23, 1950, as he took off for no delay in their first meeting in j njs Prague assignment. They had been married less than almost three years. The newsman's wife Laura- j months at the time. Before leaving .Frankfurt last ne believes many Democrats would support a direct presidential together aboard the ommendation for continuation stepped out onto the the excess profits levy, at least ramp' holding hands. scheduled. __ j a jjjg grin when he saw the throng of newsmen and photographers "I don't believe this is a politi- him "psychological" treatment be- fore his trial, in which he confessed guilt. He was not terrorized or mis- him with commu- cal matter at Sparkman said. "Congress ought to weigh what the government must have in revenue against what it must spend and let that be the guiding factor. awaiting him. "Kiss her, kiss shouted the photographers. "Nope, I already he said, Woman Lone Survivor In Texas Plane Crash spoke at a daytime meeting which the senator chanced to drop in on. Bearing in mind that the able and serious Nixon has taken a most active part in the work of the National Security Council, what he had to say was downright start- ling. In the first part of his talk, the vice president embroidered the scenes that have now become fa- miliar in the Eisenhower adminis- tration, declaring that we must be careful not to crush the free en- terprize system under too heavy a The Air Force said Allied planes (have destroyed 39 MIGS this month only five short of the i record of 44 downed in April, 1952. The Fifth Air Force, which makes weekly reports on U. N. plane losses, said that for the per- iod May 2-15 which includes the first three days of the stepped-up war no Allied fighters were lost in combat. Sabre pilots have sighted more i than 800 MIGS in the past six days, said Col. Edward Szaniaw- N. Y however, to point out that were other dangers to consider as well. Specifically, he frankly warn- ed that in a rather short time the Kremlin would be able to destroy the United States by air-atomic attacks. Cites Dangers Four years was the interval of comparative safety the vice pres- ident allowed. This suggests, in- cidentally, that the National Secur- ity Council is somewhat more hope- ful than some of the scientists, who have forecast that the dan- ger of air-atomic destruction by the Kremlin will begin in two to three years. But this also suggests it can almost be taken as solid proof that the highest American policy-making body ac- cepts this future danger as alto- gether real. Having described the danger, Nixon went on to point out that the Kremlin would always be able to launch an attack on this coun- try by surprise. He therefore ar- gued, "altogether convincingly, that American policy would tend to be paralyzed when the Kremlin achieved this terrible capability. Hence he reasoned that it was needful to forestall the future dan- ger, by somehow altering the world power balance so that the (Continued on Page 9, Column 3) ALSOPS ceptor wing, "How they (MIGS) can stand the punishment I don't he said. "I know we couldn't stand it." The Air Force said a 13th MIG probably was destroyed. The day's mark was the biggest since September, 1952, when 13 MIGs were destroyed and four damaged. The record was set July 4, 1952, with 13 destroyed, one probably downed and seven dam- Lt. Col. Louis A. Green of Lex- ington, N. C., was credited with downing two of Monday's string, one without firing a shot. He said he swung into position behind a Red jet but before he opened fire, the Red pilot ehuted from the plane. While the air war raged, ground fighting dwindled along the wind- ing 155-mile front. Sunday, South Korean infantry- men fought in day-long clashes for a string of outposts on a horse- shoe-shaped bend of the Pukhan River in East-Central Korea, But at nightfall, the ROKs pulled out under orders because of intense Red artillery shelling. The Eighth Army reported 122 Chinese killed or wounded north of Chorwon on the Central Front in the sharpest predawn action Mon- day. The Reds withdrew after a IW-hour skirmish at the ROK-held outpost MARSHALL, Tex. -Wl A DC3 i twin-engine transport plane tum- Ibled "over and over" into a storm- lashed East Texas piney woods yesterday, killing 19 persons. One woman survived. The crash of the Delta-Chicago -Southern airliner 13 miles east of here happened moments after the pilot, Douglas Volk, 33, Atlan- ta, had asked the Shreveport, La., airport control tower for routine landing instructions. He indicated no difficulty. Mrs. J. W. Cox of Panama City, Fla., was the only one to live. She did not know how. "We ran into a terrific rain-1 storm, and I dozed she said i in the Marshall Hospital last night. i "When I woke up, the plane was I turning over and over and every- lone was screaming. The next thing I1 remember was coming to in a I puddle of water with a dying man beside me." Mrs. Cox was in a semiconscious condition with a serious head in- jury, a broken leg and shock. Doc- tors said she had a good chance to live. She was reported resting well late last night. Her husband arrived here. Searchers found two other wom- jen alive. The stewardess, Jo Anne I Carlson, 25, Chicago, died on her way to the hospital, A young i mother died a short time later.' "I don't see how .anyone sur- said Millard Cope, publish- er of the Marshall News Messen- ger. Only a short section of fuselage near the tail was intact. The plane went down near the Texas-Louisi- ana border one mile south of U. iS. Highway 80. Mrs. Cox was on her way from Albuquerque, N. M., to Jackson, to join her husband. She said the two planned to take a vacation in Florida before he was sent overseas for Air Force Duty. Among the dead were Mrs, R. H. Fincher, 19, of near Atlanta, Ga., and her son Jesse David. about 2 months old. Mother and son were flying eastward from Abilene, Tex. Mrs. Fincher's hus- band is in military service in India. She died in the hospital here. Another passenger was Harvey T. Newell Jr. of Meridian, Miss., about 39, national president of the Pi Kappa Alpha social fraternity. The DCS was eastbound from Dallas to Atlanta. However, he "They were said: very efficient in their methods and preparation for my trial. It would be very difficult for me to describe what happened so that I could be understood by any one not familiar with such proceedings or with what is done individually. More Psychological "I think you could call it more psychological than anything else. "If what I was heard to say or Ridgway Gives Congress Sober Review of Europe Backs Ike's Request For Billion in Foreign Aid Funds WASHINGTON wi Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway told Congress today that even if free Europe's forces are built up to planned strength this year they still will be too weak "to prevent serious reverses in event of attack" by the Communists. And he declared he has seen no evidence that Soviet peace talk is sincere, adding: "The military threat based on capabilities has remained unchanged, in my opinion." The European D e f e nse com- mander, who is soon to become U. S. Army Chief of Staff, testified before the House Foreign Affairs committee in support of the. ad- ministration's request for of continued foreign aid in the 12 months beginning July 1. Ridgway gave the committee a sober review of the European mili- tary situation, and said continua- tion of American aid "is essential to the security of the United States as well as to all the NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) na- tions." The European buildup has pro- gressed steadily from the "ex- posed and almost defenseless con- dition" of 1950, he said, but added: "Our available land, air and naval forces are still very inade- quate. There are not in existence or in sight mobile land forces in general reserve for inter-regional use" that is, for example, to back up a thrust against the Middle East Ridgway said that "today, as a year ago, air power is still the weakest link in our defense, Strikers Picket Telephone Co. In Twin Cities ST. PAUL In a surprise move, striking Western Electric Co. workers early today stationed pickets at five Northwestern Bell Telephone Co. buildings in the Twin Cities. The action was aimed at keeping the morning shifts of phone com- pany workers off the job to hinder long distance service and opera- tion of two manual exchanges. Western Electric and North- western Bell are subsidiaries of the American Telephone and Tele- graph Co. The picketing was an outgrowth trial sounded like I was something, why that's the way itj was." i The newsman from Marion, Ind., was thin, pale, a bit bewildered by his sudden freedom, but in seem- ing good health. He said his treat- meat by the Czechs was "gener- ally good." He explained his accusation by (Continued on Page 17, Column 6) OATIS workers "walked out in a dis- pute centering mainly on job security provisions in a contract being negotiated by the Interna- tional Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America In dispute are such items as seniority and severance pay, a union spokesman said. A session with federal conciliators is sched- uled for Tuesday. Delta Officials from Shreveport, La., look over the wreckage of a DC-3 that crashed in the woods east of Marshall, Tex., while on a flight from Dallas to Shreveport. The plane only six minutes from its destination at the time of the crash, in which 19 persons were killed. Only one person survived. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Cong. Merlin E. Hull Cong. Hull Dead, Funeral at BRF On Wednesday LA CROSSE, Wis. Rep. Mer- lin Hull 82, the nation's oldest congressman, died at a.m. Sunday at Lutheran Hospital here. He was convalescing from a ma- jor operation in mid-April. He had contracted pneumonia. Dr. Alf Gunderson, attending physician, said Hull up to late Sat- urday night seemed to be rallying from a major operation a month ago. and complications that set in. He took a turn for the worse short- ly before midnight. Dr. Gunderson said death was due to pulmonary complications. Mr. Hull, Black River Falls, Wis., was serving his 21st year in the House. He was publisher of the Banner-Journal, a weekly news- paper. His wife and son, Perry, Stock- ton, Calif., were at the Hull home when the representative died. Mrs. Hull also has been ill. Mr. Hull, born at Warsaw, Ind., attended Gale College, Galesville, Wis.; De Pauw University, Green- castle, Ind., and Columbian Uni- versity (now George at Washington. He was admitted to the bar in 1894 and started practice at Black River Falls. He was publisher of the Jackson County Journal in Wis- consin from 1904 to 1926, when he took over the Banner-Journal. Former County Attorney In 1907 he became Jackson Coun- ty district attorney and two years later was elected a Wisconsin as- semblyman. He served as assembly speaker in 1913 and was Wisconsin secre- tary of state from 1917 to 1921. In 1928 he was elected to Congress as a Republican. He was defeated for a second term, but was elected as a member of the LaFollette Progressive party in 1934. He was re-elected as a Progres- sive in 1936, 1938, 1940, 1942 and 1944, When the Progressive party was disbanded in 1946, Hull switch- ed back to the Republican label and was re-elected every two years since. (The ninth district Cong. Hull represented included the nearby Western Wisconsin counties of Buf- falo, Jackson, Pepin and Trempea- leau.) Hull had strong labor and farm support, and his secretary in Wash- ington for 16 years was the late William Sanderson, who later serv- ed as Wisconsin farm director for the Democratic organizing commit- tee in the state. On Banking Committee Hull was a member of the House Banking and Currency Committee. He sponsored legislation to give the federal trade commission more money for investigating chain stores and the power industry, Hull sponsored much legislation to benefit the dairy industry. He once proposed that Congress should double the appropriations for en- forcing the anti-trust laws. The congressman always was a hard worker. He labored on a farm as a youth and worked his way through college. He started his newspaper career as a print- er's devil in a job shop. In 1914 Rep. Hull ran for gov- ernor of Wisconsin but lost out in the primary. Besides his wife and son, he is survived by his daughter, Mrs. Le- land Lamb, Milwaukee; a sister, Effie Hull, -Washington, and two grandchildren. Funeral services will be Wednes- day at 2 p.m. at the Black River Falls Methodist Church, the Rev. Wayne L. Grover officiating. The body will lie in state at the church chapel Tuesday night and Wednes- day until the time of services. Bur- ial will be in the family crypt at Oak Grove Cemetery, La Crosse. 'No Real Evidence' SEOUL Wt-Lt. Gen. Glenn 0. Barcus, U. S. Fifth Air Force commander, said today there is "no real good evidence" that Red pilots are flying captured Ameri- can Sabre in KOMI. Hjalmar Sandlie Hit at Crossing On Main Street Driver Not Held By Police After Checking Accident By GORDON HOLTE Republican-Herald Staff Writer Winona's list of 1953 traffic deaths was swelled to four early today with the death of Hjalmar E. Sandlie, 65, 665 E. Howard St., who was fatally injured when he was struck by an automobile at West Howard and Main streets at p.m. Sunday. Sandlie, who suffered a skull fracture and other injuries in the mishap, died shortly after midnight at a Rochester hospital where he had been taken in an ambulance. Police found that Sandlie was crossing Main Street when he step- 'ped into the path of a southbound car driven by Daniel Elvers, 19, 74 E. Sanborn St. Seen in Front of Car Rivers told investigating officers that he did not see the pedestrian until he had stepped immediately in front of the car. Chief of Police A. J. Bingold said that no charges will be placed against the youth and the car, which was held at police headquar- ters for examination during the night, was released to its owner this morning. This was the second pedestrian fatality in the city this year. The last death was recorded March 26 when a 60-year-old Winona woman was killed she was struck by a car at East Broadway and Center Street. At this time last year there were two traffic deaths reported in the city. Investigation revealed that Sand- lie had stepped out from the west curb on the south _. side of the inter- section and was walking east along the cross- walk when he was struck by the car. The accident victim bad at- tended a program at the Winona State Teachers College dur- Sandlie ing the evening and is believed to have been walking to the home of relatives, THr. and Mrs. Leonard Erickson, 63 W. Howard St., when the accident occurred. :He'd been at our house at 6 o'clock in the Mrs. Erick- son said today, "and said that he was going to TC for the program. He'd been in the habit of coming over when he was downtown at night and Leonard would give him a ride in the car to his The accident occurred only a short distance from the Erickson home and a neighbor notified the Ericksons that Sandlie had been critically injured. A former yard man at the Col- lege of Saint Teresa, Sandlie had suffered for some time from arth- ritis and experienced difficulty in walking. Walked Slowly Although he made daily trips downtown and attended numerous events in the city, he found it nec- essary to use two canes while walking and his progress afoot slow. Main Street, at the intersection where the accident occurred, is 50 feet, 4 inches wide, police meas- urements showed, and Sandlie had walked out about 14 feet from the west curb line when he was struck by the car. Measurements taken by Patrol- men Sylvan Duellman, Marlowe Brown and Isadore Wieczo'rek showed that Sandlie was lying 64 feet south of the crosswalk after he had been struck by the car. Chief Bingold said that Traffic Sergeant Edward L. Hittner re- (Continued on Page 17, Column I) PEDESTRIAN WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Tuesday. A little colder, tonight Low tonight 45, high Tues- day 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, Sunday: Maximum, 79; minimum, 47; noon, 71; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 75; minimum, noon, 65; precipitation, none; sun. sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at North Central Airlines High temperature last 24 hours was 74 at p. m. Sunday, low was 54 at 7 a. m. today. Noon tem- perature 66. Clouds were scattered at feet, visibility 15 miles plus. The wind was from the west-' northwest at 19 miles an houivBa- rometer 29.85, rising. Humidity 43 ptr ;