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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 16, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Mostly Cloudy, Local Showers Probable Tonight VOLUME 52, NO. 77 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 16, 1952 14-Heur River Stage (Flood Stage 13) Today 8.19 .08 Year Ago 8.72 .21 EIGHTEEN PAGES Oil Strike Ends. Speed Reopening Mac Arthur Fears Military State in Political Conniving LANSING, Mich, Douglas MacArthur, in an address closely scanned by politicians, warned last night against "political conniving" which he said threaten- ed America with a "military state." Today Gen. MacArthur's motorcade rolled through nine Southeastern Michigan communities en route to a second and lesser address on the Detroit City Hall steps at noon. He told a special joint convention of the Michigan Legislature last night: I "We now find some of the lead- John Campbell, making a turn in a narrow street in Indian- apolis, Ind., backed his light truck into a canal. He scrambled to the roof of the truck cab and unable to swim, remained there un- til a police rescue boat took him off. "I wasn't scared, but I was worried how deep I was he told his rescuers. (AP Wirephoto) TODAY Snow, Hail, Rain In West, 8-Inch Snow in Montana By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Snow, hail and rain hit wide areas from the Rocky Mountains to the Great Lakes region today but mild weather continued in most other areas. Snow fell in parts of Montana, Idaho and Wyoming, with a fall of more than seven inches at Butte, Mont. Only three inches remained on the ground early today. The Weather Bureau issued frost and freezing warnings to farmers in Id- aho. Snow fell in Burley and Poca- tello, Ida., while snow mixed with rain hit Cheyenne and Rock Springs, Wyo. Hail, with strong shifting winds pelted parts of Nebraska and ex- treme northern Kansas. Nearly an inch of rain fell in Sydney, Neb., in six hours. The wet belt extended from Wyoming and Colorado eastward through Nebraska and northern Kansas into parts of Iowa, north- ern Missouri, Illinois and Indiana. It was below freezing in some Midwest areas, with a low of 24 above at Cadillac, Mich., early today. Top reading Thursday was Truman Opens Old Wounds Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The signs sud- denly suggest that the Democrats are heading for an even bigger, louder, angrier convention-time row than the Republicans. The rea- son is the President's abrupt' but clearly apparent decision to fight it out on the Fair Deal line if the proceedings in Chicago go on all summer. In the previous period, when Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois was being pressed to become the Democratic nominee, binding up the party's wounds was the White House note. But now the President is planning on inflaming the old wounds and opening some new ones, as the following facts plainly indicate. ITEM: Americans for Democrat- ic Action are the bugbear of all Southerners and other Conserva live Democrats. In the past, not even Harry F. Byrd hated the A.D.A. more than Harry S. Tru- man, since the A.D.A. rather tact- j lessly suggested that the President had better not run again in 1948. Yet Truman has now consented to give the main speech at the A.D.A. convention in Washington this weekend. Moreover, he is expect- ed to deb'ver what has been de- scribed as "a real stridently denouncing any Demo- cratic tendencies toward compro- mise or conservatism. ITEM: W. Averell Harriman, who is the Presidential candidate currently favored at the White House, has been carrying on a real F a i r-Deal-all-the-way campaign. Harriman has made it plain that he places his chief reliance on the support of the labor groups. He has endorsed the FEPC without serious qualifications. He has strongly emphasized the half-for- gotten Truman social program. And he has claimed that he can defeat General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower for the specific rea- son that he will appeal to left-wing voting groups, while the General is expected to take a rather con- servative line on domestic issues. There is more here than meets the eye. Harriman not only be- came an avowed candidate with the President's blessing. He has also consulted the President with great regularity since the an- nouncement o'f his candidacy. Thus jt may be assumed that the Harri- man strategy has the President's full approval. Furthermore, Harriman is plain- ly ceasing to be the negligible po- litical factor that he was when he made his announcement. He has hardly become a great orator, hut he has shown courage, energy and determination. This showing has (Continued on Page 7, Column 7.) ALS.OPS ers of one party openly endorsing I their own selection as the nominee of the opposition party They encourage segments of their rank and file to infiltrate the opposition's ranks to influence the selection of its nominee for the presidency. "This form of political conniving is destructive to the very essence of true representative government and sets the stage for the emer- gence upon the American scene of the ugly threat of a military state." He made no specific reference to any political party or candidate. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower is the only military man now a presiden- tial candidate. Gen. MacArthur paused for em- phasis both before and after he spoke out against the "political conniving." An enthusiastic audi- ence of legislators and guests, dom- inantly Republican, applaud- ed these portions of his address most heavily. The retired supreme Far Eastern commander warned the history of the world shows that republics and democracies have generally lost their liberties by way of passing from civilian to a quasi-military status. "It would be a tragic develop- he continued, "if this gen- eration was forced to look to the rigidity of military dominance and discipline to redeem it from the tragic failure of a civilian admin- istration. "It might weE destroy our his- toric and wise concept which holds to the supremacy of the civil power." MacArthur lashed the national administration. "Our he said, "are un- able to survey the world as a unit, but have become so infatuated with one area of Western Europe that they have largely ignored the Com- munist assault in many other sec- tions of the globe." Fairchild May Run Against Sen. McCarthy MADISON (If, U. S. Atty. Thomas E. Fairchild said today he would announce Monday whether he would be a candidate for the U. S, Senate seat held by Sen. McCarthy The former state attorney gen- eral has been mentioned as a pos- sible candidate for the Dem- ocratic nomination for the Senate seat. Henry Reuss, Milwaukee attorney, has entered the cam- paign and would be Fairchild's opponent if Fairchild decides to run. CIO Set to Renew Talks, Murray Says Up to Industry To Initiate New Negotiations PHILADELPHIA UP) Steel- workers union chief Phillip Murray said today he is willing to renew labor peace talks with the steel industry, but stressed he's still standing pat on'his demands. Murray told reporters at the un- ion's big convention that it would be up to the industry to initiate new negotiations, and that he was always ready to accept a bid. Murray made it clear in his re- marks to the convention that he was unwilling to retreat from the eventual 26-cents an hour "pack- plus union shop, recommen- dations of the government's Wage Stabilization Board. The industry has balked at the WSB proposals. Already Compromised "This organization is not going to compromise any more on this n g FIFTH AIR FORCE Korea Murray told the cheering Air Force announced to- day that Col. Walker M. Mahurin, America's greatest fighter Seven (Count 'Em) British Royal Air Force Meteor F. R. 9's overcome the pull of gravity as they climb at a 90-degree angle near Lake Timash (background) above the Suez canal during re- cent maneuvers in Egypt. This photo was made from an accom- panying Meteor plane. (AP Wirephoto) Red Trucers Blast Allies for 9th Day MUNSAN, Korea the ninth straight day Red truce nego- tiators blasted the Allies and again virtually dared them to formally break off the armistice talks. Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, sen- ior Allied delegate, spoke for only two minutes of the 30-minute ses- sion. He used his time to "reject finally and formally" the Red pris- oner exchange proposal and sug- gest a recess until the Reds have something new to offer. Joy told the Reds, "We again re- ject finally and formally" the Red proposal calling for exchange of captured Reds for the Allied captives in Commu- nist hands. Col. Mahurin, Air Force Ace, Down in Korea have been compromised by the WSB. We didn't get all we wanted L7J.1UIO, by any means. And were in no Tuesday pilots, was shot down over Korea mood to compromise any more with anybody." t Meanwhile, the industry was still under government seizure, with legality of the government opera- tion of the seized industry in the lap of the Supreme Court. Wage rates and working conditions re- main frozen by the high court's "status quo" ruling. The real one of which there was no immediate an- how long will the steel- workers remain at work without a pay raise. They are now tech- nically government employes un- der Truman's seizure order, and as such are barred from strike action. However, delegates unanimously declared in a resolution Wednesday that they wouldn't work "indefi- nitely" without higher wages and working conditions. This gave Mur- ray an advance okay to call a strike if he chose. But any walkout likely would provoke a court in- junction against the union. Convention Decision The distinct impression gained around the convention was that the steelworkers don't intend to let things drift indefinitely. If the Su- preme Court rules the seizure legal, they expect Truman to raise their wages by approximately the WSB's terms. If the court rules the seizure unconstitutional, they expect the strike to force the WSB terms from mill owners. But if the court delays its ruling for some its summer re- cess starts without a decision on seizure being announced the workers may possibly take things in their own hands, one way or another. Burnie W. Maurek, Ex-Regional Head Of Wildlife, Dies MINNEAPOLIS Burnie W. Maurek, 72, Minneapolis, former regional director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and former North Dakota game and fish com- missioner, died Thursday at North- western Hospital. Maurek served as director of the Wildlife Service in 10 Midwestern states from 1940 to 1944 when he retired. He served 23 years in the North Dakota Game and Fish De- partment and was appointed com- missioner in 1930. In 1934 he was appointed by the Bureau of Biologi- cal Survey to take charge of wild- life refuges Dakota. in North and South Col. Bagnulo Named St. Paul Engineer To Succeed Yoder WASHINGTON The Army today announced the assignment of Col. Aldo H. Bagnulo 2s dis- trict engineer at St. Paul, Minn. Bagnulo, who has been in the office of the Chief of Engineers since 1948, will succeed Col. Lev- erett G. Yoder, who has been as- signed to Washington. Austin Man Dies Of Crash Injuries AUSTIN, Minn. Amble, 45, Austin, died at St. Olaf hospi- tal here last night of injuries suf- fered in an auto accident. Amble suffered head and inter- nal injuries when his car left High- way 56 two miles west of Adams early Sunday and rolled over sev- eral times. He was alone in the machine. The 33-year-old Sabre jet pilot who downed more than 25 planes in two wars hasn't been heard from since he radioed: "I've been hit by flak and I think I'm on fire." The_Air Force said it didn't know whether he parachuted. Pioneering Sabrei Mahurin, from Fort Wayne, Ind., was pioneering the use of Sabre jet fighters in dive bombing. That was one of his jobs as a combat group commander of the Fourth Fighter Wing. He was on his third mission of the day. He led Sabre dive bomb- ing attacks on Communist airfields at Sinuiju across the Yalu River from Manchuria and on the rail network at Kunu, 85 miles to the southeast. He was hit over Kunu. Mahurin shot down 21 planes in Europe and one in the Pacific in the second world war. He was credited with 3V4 planes shot down in Korea, one probably destroyed and one damaged. Col. Gabreskl Mahurin came to Korea five months ago and was originally un- der command of his close friend and World War II rival, Col. Francis Gabreski, top American ace still flying in combat. Mahurin's wife and their two children live at George Air Force Base in California. His mother, Mrs. Guy Mahurin, lives in Fort Wayne. Duluth Airport Project Approved WASHINGTON The House Armed Service Committee today approved an airfield construction project at Duluth, Minn., to cost The project calls for facilities and navigational aids at Duluth Municipal airport. The approval came as the committee studied a military works bill. Boy Suffers Skull Fracture at Austin AUSTIN, Minn, Wil- liams, 8, suffered a skull fracture last night when struck by a rock thrown by an unidentified boy. He was hit while playing on a pile of earth. Richard was taken to St. Olaf hospital where he was reported in somewhat improved condition to- day after undergoing surgery. He is the son of Dick Williams, Austin newspaperman. Bill Gaure, maintenance worker, nears the top of the north tower of Golden Gate bridge in San Francisco after nearly a half-mile uphill hike from the center of the span. This task is part of the year- round inspection to keep the structure in tip-top shape. In background, center, is a resi- dential area of San Francisco, and at upper left is part of the Presidio of San Francisco. The huge bridge spans the Golden Gate where the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay meet (AP Wirephoto) U. 5. Clubwomen Close Meeting With Installation MINNEAPOLIS nation's clubwomen were closing their 61st annual meeting here today with installation of officers after de- claring for "higher levels of moral- ity in both public and private life." Mrs. Oscar A. Ahlgren, Whiting, Ind., takes over the presidency for which she was unopposed in yes- terday's election. Other officers being installed by the member General Federation of Women's Clubs are: Mrs. Theodore S. Chapman, Jer- seyville, 111., 1st vice president; Mrs. R. ,1. C. Prout, Wakefield, Mich., 2nd vice president; Miss Chloe Cifford, Lexington, Ky., 3rd vice president; Mrs. E. Lee pz- birn, Oklahoma City, recording secretary; Miss Ethel Foster, Ster- ling City, Tex., treasurer, and Mrs. Arthur Crom, San Diego, Calif., director for juniors. In addition to the resolution on morality, the delegates yes- terday approved one calling for the extension to Korean veterans of all benefits given servicemen after World War II. Also favored was a resolution asking removal of unwarranted restrictions on foreign trade. Fire Victim Entertains WINNIPEG, Man, While firemen were extinguishing an at- tic fire in his home, Joseph Four- neaux, retired engineer, served coffee to reporters in the kitchen. "Why should I impose my own troubles on anyone he said. "Would you like some sugar in your Production Besins In Some Plants Shut by Walkout WASHINGTON simmering oil strike started to cool off Government officials, eyeing what one of them called a "pretty critical" shortage of aviation gas, set up 15 bargaining sessions be- tween union and oil company negotiators across the country. 0, A Knight, leader of a coalition of unions which have been on strike for 16 days, said in an interview that "we have called off the --------------------------------------------.strike" and most strikers should >e back on the job soon. Before that could happen, the 22 unions strikers involved' would have to sign hundreds of oeal bargaining agreements with more than 70 oil companies. House Votes Tax Relief for Congressmen WASHINGTON a complete reversal of previous demands for belt-tightening economy, the House has voted substantial tax relief for itself and senators and free home town office space for congressmen. The measure swept through the House yesterday as it passed the last of the annual domestic budget measures, a bill appropriating funds to operate Congress. The bill's total of was more than the committee had suggested, although about 10 million below Budget Bureau rec- ommendations. Amendment Offered A- tax amendment was offered by Democratic leader McCormack of Massachusetts and approved without a show of opposition or discussion. An examination of the amend- ment by newsmen disclosed its in- tent, which McCormack verified. It says that for purposes of fed' eral taxation, members of Con- gress have their place of residence in the state or district they repre- isent. This means that their ex- penses while on official business away from home are deductible as business expenses for tax purposes. Since Congress normally stays in session almost the entire year, a member could deduct the cost of his housing, meals, transportation, business entertainment, laundry and many other things while in Washington. Annually For most members this could mean a tax reduction of around annually. Those with higher than average living standards might pay no taxes at all. The amendment takes effect with the tax year starting next Jan. 1, the same time that the present tax exemption on a congressman's an- nual expense allowance ends. McCormack told newsmen the amendment merely puts members of Congress "on the same footing with others who come to Washing- ton on business." The free office space amendment says that if a House member can't find free office space in govern- ment buildings back home, Uncle Sam must pay up to annually for rental of private quarters for any member wanting it. Senators already have an annual allowance for rental of office space in their home states. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Mostly cloudy, continued cool tonight and Saturday. Chance of local showers tonight. Lew tonight 44, high Sat- urday 60. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 65; minimum, 44; noon, 65; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 12. Dormitory Raids Spread NEW YORK Male student spring raids on co-ed dormitories spread to Columbia University of Miami early today. At Columbia, police and special guards battled more than stu- dents for two hours to stem inva- sion of several girls' dormitories of Barnard College on the univer- sity campus. Some of the men got into two of the co-ed dwellings and made off with female underwear. Some co- eds tossed brassieres and panties from their dormitory windows. Other girls hurled bags of water at the male demonstrators. Male student "pantie raids and Otterbein College in Ohio. At the University of Miami early today, about men students raided the Dickinson Dormitories on the main campus. Police and firemen used fire hoses to quell the demonstrators during the two- hour melee. In Cambridge, Mass., last night some Harvard students got into the riot act but not over lin- gerie. A peaceful cam- paign to put a comic strip char- acter in the White ed into a fight when a rival group presented another comic strip character for the presidency. Before that demonstration end- have been staged recently at a i ed, 28 students were arrested and number of other schools, includ- three policemen were injured, ing the Universities of Florida, At Yale University on Tuesday, Nebraska, Iowa, Purdue, Denver, some students demonstrated Barrel Full At Indiana U. BLOOMINGTON, [nd. Any male student at Indiana University who wants an ar- ticle of co-ed lingerie can get In fact, he can have a barrel full. Mrs. Alice Nelson, director of women's residence halls, announced that a barrel full of discarded undergarments will be given away on the campus today free to all takers. over an argument involving rfval ice cream vendors. Several arrests were made. Some tentative agreements, worked out on the basis of a wage stabilization formula, were being reported last night. Others were being awaited today. Some Agreements Some of the agreements involved workers at the Standard Oil of Indiana plant in Sugar Creek, Jan., and 400 workers at Globe defining Company's Lemont, HL, facility. Settlement was reported near at the Continental Oil Plant in Den- ver, where 90 employes have been on strike, and negotiations were scheduled today at Sinclair and Phillips plants in Sugar Creek. The WSB formula said local con- ract agreements could provide no more than a 15-cent-an-hour wagt increase, except in possibly a few unusual circumstances. But the unions have already an- nounced they would accept the 15- cent ceiling, and companies em- ploying a total of more than 000 workers had already offered that much before the WSB up with its. formula. Question of Timt Thus, it seemed just a question of time before the several hundred local bargaining groups sign new work contracts and submit them to the WSB for approval under ization rules. The strike's cutback of aviation fuel had federal officials jumpy. But Cyrus S. Ching, director of the Federal. Conciliation Service, said he hoped the "crisis had been averted." The United States, Great Britain, Australia and other countries have severely curtailed their domestic and foreign air line operations on account of the strike. Japan was. the latest Airline of- ficials there said allocations have been cut 35 per cent to gallons for four weeks. Flights to Dsaka and the southern island of Kyushu have been limited to a day. Package Plan Ready for RR Unions, Report WASHINGTON UP) Presidential Assistant John R. Steelman was reported about ready today to offer a settlement package to the na- tion's railroads and three big rail unions. Steelman has been guiding the rail peace talks which started last month. He made no announcement but his readiness to take a new step was reported by persons close to the situation. There was no hint of the shape of Steelman's reported plan would take. Nor was there any immediate indication that either side would accept or reject it without further study which might take several days. The government, acting under a 1916 law, seized the railroads in August 1950 to avert a nation-wide strike. The roads and the three unions engineers, firemen and not been able to agree since on new contract terms. Wage issues have been largely resolved, but the carriers have been asking changes in working conditions and operating rules, These are said to have held up set- tlement. Oil Strike Forces NWA Schedule Shift ST. PAUL Northwest Air- lines announced today that be- cause of the curtailment of gaso-' line supplies as a result of 'the nation-wide oil strike it will make- major changes in its schedules starting next Monday. Cancellations, complete or par-' tial, will affect 19 flights on Mon-. day, May 19, eight more on Tues- day, one more each on May 23 and 24, and two more on May 25. Four flights will be affected by changes in type of aircraft. ;