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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 13, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Frost Tonight, Thursday Fair And Warmer River Stage (Flood 13) Change Today Year Ago 7.20 .19 8.82 .36 VOLUME 53, NO. 73 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 13, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Ten-Million Dollar Furrow cut by a tornado through the heart of Waco, Tex., is shown clearly in this airview. In the center is the flattened 5-story Dennis Furniture building and the adjacent theater where many died. The steadily mounting toll of known dead neared the 100-mark as crews dug at the debris, in search of the many missing. TODAY Defense Problem Critical [y JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The test of the seriousness, and indeed of the com- mon honesty, of the new Adminis- tration's defense planning is com- ing very soon. It will take the form of a report on the American air defense problem by a special com- mittee headed by this country's leading industrialist-scientist, Mer- vin Kelly of the Bell Laboratories. Only a few Pentagon planners, scientists and other specialists know about this Kelly report, which may even have been rendered al- ready. Yet the nation really ought to be waiting for the Kelly report the anxious interest, and the intense concern, of a patient wait- ing to hear his doctor's verdict in a life and death case. The circum- stances are enough to explain why. As previously revealed in this the American government was shaken, last autumn, by dras- tic findings about our air defense situation. These findings were made by Project Lincoln, a re- search group directed by the Mas- sachusetts Institute of Technology on Air Force contract, which com- prised the most authoritative scien- tific team ever assembled in this country in peace time. The Lincoln findings may be briefly summariz- ed as follows. Present System First, the existing and presently planned American air defense system is virtually worthless. Second, the parallel growth of the Soviet atomic stockpile and the Soviet strategic air arm will en- able the Kremlin to launch a "de- vastating" air-atomic attack on this country within two to three years. Third, therefore, if we do not wish to be nakedly exposed to air- atomic destruction at the will of the Kremlin, a costly and urgent effort must be made to build a truly effective American air de- fense system, exploiting certain "technological b r e a k-throughs" pointed out by the Lincoln scien- tiests. Despite the immense weight of scientific authority behind them, such findings as these could hardly be accepted without careful review. Hence former Secretary of Defense Lovett named the Kelly Committee, including the eminent physicist, Prof. Charles Lauritsen, Pres. Hovde of Purdue, representing ed- ucation, and several top flight busi- (Continued on Page 11, Column 1.) ALSOPS Girl, 4, Keeps Baby Alive for 3 Days BLOXWICH, England four- year-old girl was credited today with keeping her infant sister alive while they spent three days in a locked house with the dead body of their mother. As the police reconstructed events, the mother, 27-year-old Mrs. Jean Cockayne, lapsed into a fatal diabetic coma while her husband was out of town on busi- ness. The two 4, and Carol, eight left alona in the locked house. Neighbors who noted the accum- ulating milk bottles on the front steps broke in three days later. Inside they found Jeanette and her little sister, both in good con- dition. Jeannette told proudly how she fed the baby on bread crumbs and gave it water in a nursing i bottle after "Mummy fell asleep j and I couldn't wake her up." i Ask 6-Point Increase In Corporation Taxes By JACK BELL WASHINGTON A six-point increase in normal corporation taxes was reported under consideration by the Treasury today as a possible alternative to the expiring excess profits tax. Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey arranged to talk with Chair- man Millikin (R-Colo) of the Senate's tax-handling finance commit- 1 tee for what may be a preview of the administration's new tax pro- gram, Humphrey has said he will lay it before Congress next Tues- day. In advance of this meeting, an Back Foreign Policy of Ike, Truman Urges JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (31 Democrat Harry S. Truman has asked the nation to back the for- eign policy of his Republican suc- cessor, President Dwight D. Eisen- hower. In his first public address since leaving the White House, Truman told a joint session of the Missouri' State Legislature yesterday: "I sincerely hope and pray that all of us will get behind the Presi- dent of the United States and back him up in the foreign policy of the United States so that we may keep the peace in the world, for its welfare and for the welfare of future generations." The 69 -year old former President, who did not mention Eisenhower by name, said the foreign policy is not a partisan job. In Addition In addition to the legislators, an estimated to persons jammed the House of Representa- tives chambers in the State Capitol to hear Truman's 20-minute talk. In a reminiscent mood, he also dwelled on the responsibilities of president. "Now there's a lot of conversa- tion about the powers of the Presi- dent of the United he said. "Do you know what the powers of the President are? other influential senator who asked not to be 1uoteci by name sai.d Treasury studies have indicated it would be necessary to raise the limit on regular corporation levies per cent to equal the revenue from the excess profits tax. The latter tax will expire July 1 unless Congress acts before that time to prolong it. The excess profits levy reaches about 30 per cent of business firms, with a maximum levy against them of 68 per cent. Other firms not now touched by the ex- cess profits tax would be certain to protest taking over additional burdens. Humphrey apparently has kept his tax plans well hidden. Sen. Taft of Ohio, the Republican lead- er, said he hasn't had "even a hint" of what will be proposed. Similarly, Millikin said he has been kept in the dark. Target Plane Hits Carrier, Killing 3 WASHINGTON ffl A pilofless target airplane, out of control after being hit by anti-aircraft fire, smashed into the aircraft carrier Wright, killing three men and seri- ously injuring four. The accident, which occurred Monday 300 miles off Key West, Fla., was disclosed by the Navy late yesterday. Only minor damage was done to the ship. President Eisenhower stooped to accept gifts from two youngs- ters as the whole town of Funkley, Minn., visited him at the White House. The children are Charles Nagel, 3, and Richard Stransky, 8. with .wood carvings of the legendary Paul Bunyon and his Blue Ox Babe. In foreground; are Rep. Harold C. Hagen (R-Minn) extreme left, Sen. Edward Thye (R-Minn) second from left. The Funkley folks came to Washington from New York on a sightseeing trip as a reward for making dressings for cancer sufferers. (AP Wirephoto) Floods Follow Tornadoes to Plague Texas WACO, Tex. UP) Floods posed a new danger today in Texas, where the death toll from Mon- day's giant tornadoes has reached 87. Wild winds, rain, dust storms and snow added to the state's misery. Waco, which counted 78 tornado dead, was threatened by the flood- ing Brazos River as crews worked to clear rubble left by the vicious winds. Damage to the city was estimated at 25 million dollars. The other" Monday tornado, at the West Texas plains city of San Angelo, had a death toll of nine and a damage estimate in excess of three million dollars. Nearly 300 injured were counted at Waco, close to 100 at Sao Angelo, As the death count steadily rose, the usually placid, muddy red Brazos inched higher and higher at Waco. Many persons already had been evacuated last night and the river was expected to reach a 28-foot crest at 7 a.m. today. Flood stage is 27 feet. Workers Tired Tired, grimy al- most at the point of exhaustion- still dug doggedly into heaps of rubble that had been modern store buildings before Monday's big blow. Giant cranes and mighty bulldozers roared and groaned as they hacked at the tons of debris. Workers burst through the tan- gled, twisted mass late last night into the basement of the demol- ished, five-story R. T. Dennis Building, where it had been feared from 30 to 50 bodies would be found. There was none there. Portable generators, huge searchlights and earth moving equipment were rushed to the stricken city in speeding trucks flanked by .police cars, their sirens screaming through the second day and night of rescue work. Blood plasma came from far and near for the injured. Badger Senate Passes Bill on Reapportioning MADISON wi The Wisconsin Senate passed a bill today to re- apportion senate districts on an area and population basis. The vote was 20-11. The measure, which takes one senator from Milwaukee and gives it to Northern Wisconsin, now goes to the Assembly which is expected to act on it next week, The vote came after 90 minutes of debate in which the bill was defended as one which provides for fair, equitable redistricting and assailed as a' fraud that pun- ishes Milwaukee. Regardless of what happens to it in the Legislature, it is sure to face a State Supreme Court test. The bill, to become effective in 1954 if it survives all hurdles, was drafted by 56 Republican legislators after voters in the April 7 elec- tion adopted a constitution amend- ment to reapportion Senate dis- tricts by area and population. The legislative group set up a 70 per cent by population and 30 per cent by area formula for redis- tricting. Under the proposal's provisions, Assembly districts will continue to be rtapportiocBd by population. H ouse Pa 2 Offshore Oil Bills U.N. Hands Reds New Blueprint For Armistice Contains 11-Point Plan for Swapping Prisoners of War By GEORGE A. McARTHUR PANMUNJOM i.fl The U. N. Command today handed the Com- munists a new blueprint for an armistice in Korea. It was a sweeping 11-point plan for ex- changing prisoners of war, last big roadblock to a truce. The Communists called the pro- posal a "step backward" and said the Allied attitude "threatens the prospects of the whole armistice negotiations." The broad counterpro- posal 'to one advanced by the based on the long- standing Allied position that no prisoner will be sent home against his. will. After the lengthy document was read and the Communists com- mented acidly, the truce delega- tions adjourned until 11 a.m. to- morrow. Lt. Gen, William K. Harrison Jr., senior Allied delegate, pre- sented the plan to his Communist counterpart, North Korean Gen. pNam II in a one hour and 40- i minute session. Briefly, the Allies proposed: 1. Repatriation of prisoners im- mediately after an armistice, ex- cept those refusing to go home. Releasing to civilian status all prisoners of Korean nationality un- willing to return to Red rule. Re- leasing all non-Korean prisoners who persist in refusing to return to Communist control after 60 days in custody of a neutral commis- sion. Conditional Acceptance 2. Conditional acceptance of the Communist nomination of India, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Sweden and Switzerland as members of the custodial only if India heads the body and pro- vides any troops needed. 3. Rejection of the Reds' propo- sal that a political conference de- termine the fate of prisoners re- fusing to go home after being in neutral custody. The Allied plan voiced no objec- tion to the Red proposal that rep- resentatives of the Communist gov- ernments be permitted to explain things to reluctant prisoners. How- ever, the Allies warned against any effort to intimidate or force the prisoners. "It is an excellent basis for an Harrison told Nam. He asked the Communists to study it "in the same spirit of constructive negotiations in which we have studied your eight-point proposal on which it is based." Nam observed coldly that the Allies had not accepted the Com- munist proposal, which the Reds had put on an "all or none" basis. Nam said the new Allied proposal was "a step backwards from the three-point proposals put forward in the letter of April 16 by your side." The Allies had nominated Swit- zerland as a neutral to handle all reluctant prisoners. Nam went on, "this is not an attitude that should be taken in the negotiations but one that threatens the prospects of the whole armistice negotiatons." Harrison told newsmen the de- tailed Allied plan "would consti- tute the charter" for the neutral nations' duties. He said the U. N. Command found "a major portion" of the Communist plan acceptable but there were portions "we cannot ac- cept in their present form." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and continued cool with frost or freez- ing temperature tonight. Thursday fair with rising temperature. Low tonight 32 in city, 28 in country. High Thursday afternoon 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 54; minimum, 31; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 50 at a. m., min. 32 at a. m. Noon read- broken layer of clouds at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 8 miles per hour from north, humidity 53 per cent, barometer 30.25 steady. Secretary Of State John Foster Dulles, left, and Mutual Secre- tary Director Harold Stassen flank Egyptian Premier Mohamed Naguib after arrival in Cairo on a fact-finding tour of the Middle East, (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Congress of Dictation by Allies, Rep. Short Declares WASHINGTON Short (R-Mo) said today Congress is tired of taking "dictation from our so-called allies." He made the remark in joining angry congressional reaction to statements in the British House of Commons yesterday that some Americans do not want to settle the Korean War. Clement Attlee, former Prime McManus Enters Mandatory Plea Of Innocence CANANDAIGUA, N. Y. "HI Fred Eugene McManus, who has confessed killing five persons dur- ing a cross-country tour, entered a mandatory plea of innocent today to a charge of first-degree murder. State Supreme Court Justice H. Douglass Van Duser set Sept. 8 for trial of the 18-year-old Marine Minister and leader of the oppo- sition Labor party, also raised the question whether President Eisen- hower or Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) is running American foreign policy. "That's almost an Short said in an interview. McCarthy himself said that when he heard of Attlee making suchj statements, he recalled "the pic- ture of him in Spain reviewing the Communist troops and giving the cjenched fist salute." He had an aide bring put a picture of a group standing with raised fists, and said it showed Attlee and Spanish Com- munist leaders at a review during the civil war. Rep, Lawrence H. Smith (R-Wis) said in a separate interview he had returned from Europe con- vinced the Europeans "would not defend themselves" against a Rus- sian attack. He said the entire American-supported military build- Friday Up is a "questionable venture." from Valley Stream, L. I. McManus was indicted on the first degree murder charge "Smith also told the House in a the death of William Allen speech yesterday that Congress would not be justified in approv- ing 600 million dollars requested by the administration for acceler- ated aid to France and French Indochina. He said the money would only go to support "French colonialism." One informed congressman, who requested anonymity, said such developments would complicate the administration's efforts to win approval for its for- eign aid program for next year. Closed hearings continue today be- fore both the Senate and House for- eign policy committees. The informant said a number of influential congressmen had views similar to those expressed by Braverman, 19, a Hobart College student whom McManus has ad- mitted was his first victim. McManus was arrested in Du- buque, la., on March 31. The other persons McManus is accused of slaying were George Bloorafield, 56, and his wife, Flor- ence, 55, in Illinois, and Mrs. David Beaston, 43, and Harriet Horsman, 48, in Minnesota. 20 Airlines Map Security Measures MEXICO CITY tives of more than 20 airlines op-1 crating in Mexico planned a spe-1 Smith, .who has consistently op- cial meeting here today to map security measures against bombs being put aboard planes. Air travel has dropped sharply since an airmail package taken from a plane Saturday exploded at Mazatlan Airport, killing three persons. Another blast occurred in a plane in flight but there were no casualties. posed European military buildup aid, although he is chairman of the European subcommittee of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. Rep. Vorys comment- ing on Attlee's speech, said, "I'm sure that American foreign policy is not being run by Attlee or any other Britisher, and I'm glad of Gives U.S. Title To Lands Beyond State Sea Limits 2nd Measure Puts Marginal Tracts In States' Hands WASHINGTON Ufi The House today passed and sent to the White House a bill confirming states' ownership of oil-bearing lands be- neath the marginal seas. Final Congressional approval of the bill, a center of controversy for years on the state-vs-federal ownership issue, came on a roll call vote of 278 to 116. The measure is expected to be signed into law by President Ei- senhower. It embodies principles endorsed by the President and listed by him among proposals he wants Congress to adopt this ses- ion. Similar legislation twice before was passed by Congress and vetoed by former President Tru- man. Shortly before the passage of the bill the House passed 309 to 91, and sent to the Senate a separate measure asserting federal control over the submerged lands in the continental shelf out beyond the states' seaward boundaries. The bill, a companion measure to separate legislation confirming states' title to submerged offshore lands within their boundaries, au- thorizes the secretary of interior to develop the oil, gas and other natural resources in the outer con- tinental shelf. The House turned next to final ac- tion on the bill affecting the closer- in. lands involved in the old con- troversy of federal-vs-state owner- ship. Debate today was marked by a plea from Eep. Halleck (R-Ind) to settle the offshore lands question "once and for all." British Send More Troops to Suez Garrisons LONDON UP) Three landing craft loaded with British Royal Marine commandos sailed under secret orders from the Mediterra- nean fortress island of Malta last night as the tense British-Egyptian dispute over the vital Suez Canal zone worsened. There was no official announce- ment of the tough fighters' des- tination but speculation immedi- ately arose that they would rein- force Britain's Suez garrison. Egypt's Premier, Maj. Gen. Mo- hamed Naguib, has threatened to oust British forces from the zone with Egyptian blood if necessary. Unofficial reports from Malta said three Royal Navy destroyer! also had been diverted to the canal zone. Naval headquarters on the island declined comment on the reports. The three the Chequers, Chevron and Chev- sailed from Malta Tues- day for a visit to Yugoslav ports. An Army spokesman, announc- ing the shift of the commandos, said "certain movements of the Royal Marine commandos have been approved as a precautionary measure." His announcement came shortly after Minister of State Selwyn Lloyd told the House of Common! that British soldiers in Egypt have been "ambushed, shot and assault- ed" in some 30 attacks since the beginning of April. Secret Plane Jettisoned In Blast, 2 Airmen Lost NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. M An explosion forced the crew of a mothering bomber to jettison a highly secret rocket plane last night, and two airmen fell from feet over Lake Ontario. The chief test pilot of the Bell Aircraft Corp. and another crew- man were feared lost. The B50 bomber was carrying the experi- mental Bell X2, reported capable of flying at speeds well over miles an hour. A widespread search was oc to- day for the two men, but scant hope was held that they sur- vived. It was reported that the para- chute of the test pilot, Jean L. (Skip) Ziegler, 32, did not open. The other crewman, whom the aircraft firm declined to identify except to say he 'was a Bell em- ploye, reportedly parachuted from the bomber. A Bell spokesman said no one was in the X2 when it was dropped into the lake about 15 miles from Rochester. It was indicated that both men dropped out of the four-engine mother plane which was damaged but landed safely here. The spokesman said the explo- sion was aboard the mother ship. But he explained that the X2 was damaged and that the complicated mechanisms of carrying a "para- site" plane made it difficult to be certain that the X2 itself did not explode. said the firm had been un- able to determine the cause of the eaptotion. ;