Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 12, 1948, Winona, Minnesota
w EATHER nrtlr uliHirty tonljht ncl Thurndnr> continued IS HERE Dial 97.5 tor th in Radio Bcst Full Leated Wire Newt Report of The Asiociated Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 46. NO. 73 W1NONA. MINNESOTA. WEDNESDAY EVENING. MAY 12, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Austrians Hope for Freedom By Stewart AIsop Vienna In this bedraggled city, onco so gay and now so dreary, thore is little surface cvlflenco of fear. The Austrian people hnve be- come oddly hnrclcnccl to living un- der the Soviet sword of Djimoclcs Yet oven ns this is written, the fu- turo of Austria Is being decided in Moscow, and the future of the world will surely be closely afloctod by the decision. For the western negotia- tors in London, by rcluslng to con- tinue tho haggling on tho Austrian treaty, havo quite clearly said to tho Russians, "your move." Thus It Is now up to tho Kremlin to choose, once and for nil.- The Soviets can try for tho whole Aus- trian loaf, by signing a treaty and thus ensuring the evacuation of the western troops. Or thoy can accept half a lotif, and try to Ineorporate only their zone of Austria into the monolithic structure of the great Soviet European empire.' In cither choice thoro tiro clearly explosive possibilities. UNTIL RECENTLY it seomod likely that the Kremlin was seriously considering the great gam- ble of signing nn Austrian treaty The gamble must still seem tempt- ing. To tho Soviet planners, peering ixt their maps, Austria must have Appeared a soft and easy mouthful firmly hold between the upper and lower Jaws of the Soviet sphere, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. It must have seemed (as it has seem- ed to many Austrians and some Americans) that, once tho western withdrawn, Austria tlio eco- troops were could hardly nomlc nnd political pressure which tho Soviet union and its satellites could bring to bear. But within tho last few weeks, the odds havo suddenly begun to change. Tho Marshall plan is passed, guar- anteeing tin Independent Austria nnd economic breathing spell. The western allies hnvo let it be known that they will only evacuate Aus- tria If both Western Union and the United States arc'willing to provide somo sort of firm guaranty of the Austrian borders against aggression, Finally, there is the lesson of Italy, certainly fresh in Moscow minds. Tho Communist party that failed BO dismally in Italy is tho strongest and best In the west. The Austrian Communist party Is small and weak, with leaders so Inept that they have boon rudely reprimanded by both tho Comlnform and the Kremlin, For all these reasons, it Is now be- lieved probable though still not certain that tho Kremlin will resist tho temptation of bold gamble for all of Austria, and tho treaty nesotlntlons will break down, prob- ably never to bo resumed. BUT IF HAPPENS, those who havo followed Soviet policy at close range expect tho beginning of nn entirely new, and perhaps ex- tremely critical, phase. Once a. treaty becomes no longer a possibility, the pressure on the western powers in Vienna will nlmost certainly in- crease. Tho Soviets, entirely sur- rounding Vienna, will no doubt make things as difficult as possible for tho westerners. This Is certain- ly :i disturbing prospect but it has been matlo clear to tho Russians thut there Is n. limit beyond which they cannot go without courting wur. No one can accurately forsco how far tho Russians will go, but on tho basis of previous experience Court Restrains Local Swift Pickets Strike Here May Collapse In Few Days Mass Meeting of Strikers Called For Tonight The 64-day-old strike of Local 305, United Packinghouse Workers of America against Swift and .Com- pany here, may collapse within a few days. This was the prediction today of many of the workers themselves who for nine long weeks have marched on picket duty across East Sanborn street in front of the strike- bound plant. A mass meeting of local members has been called for tonight at Jack's Place. Workers, however, refuse to discuss the Issues that will be taken up at the session. The purported back to work movement follows directly on the heels a temporary restraining or- der Issued late yesterday by District Judge Karl Flnkelnburg. The order directs local members and officials to stop blocking entrances to the plant. A feeling that the strike would soon be over seemed to permeate workers on the picket line this morning, even before Sheriff George Fort served the restraining order on five of their number. Fifteen Wlnona police officers, armed with tear gas and pistols, ap- peared on the scene at a. m. It is the third day In a row that police have stood guard at the picket line following an outbreak of vio- lence at 5 a. m. Monday in which flvo company employes were as- saulted on company property. Only a handful of pickets were on hand this morning, compared to the more than 200 that milled about the plant entrance on Monday, the day of violence, Served Members of the local served this morning with the temporary re- straining order were Frank Wineski, president; Henry Olson, Sylvester _ __________. .__ _________ ___and !dwm Faszk'few'Icr. Meantime, Eugene D. Fletehall, manager, of the Wlnona Swift and Company plant, Issued a statement ;o the press explaining the com- pany's action in seeking the tem- porary restraining order. Bald Mr. Fletehall: "Judge Karl Flnkelnburg In dis- trict court late yesterday granted a restraining order which forbids the C.I.O. Packinghouse Workers union, Local 305, and its members and officers from interfering with the right of anyone to enter or leave Swift and Company's plant In Wl- nona. "This court action was taken by the company to seek- by legal and peaceful means protection of the rights of all Its employes. It fol- lowed mob violence at the plant Monday morning when a band of Imported 'goons' assaulted five em- ployes. The court order restrains anyone from Bulleti ins Washington An Im- mediate showdown with Russia over her tactics in the United Nations might cause "severe diplomatic setback" to the Un- ited Slates. John Foster Dulles told Congress today. Amsterdam, the 'Netherlands Queen Wllhelmina of the Netherlands will abdicate toward the end of September In behalf of her daughter, Prin- Juliana, the quctn an- nounced in a radio broadcast tonight. Washington The Sen- ate was advised' today that the armed services will need new men during the next year In the regular and reserve forces. Marshall Rules Out Russ Parley Secretary of State Marshall said today that if Russia is seriously interested in im- proving world conditions there is Chrysler Walkout Under Way Complaint Ordered Under Michigan's New Labor Law Detroit The CXO.'s Chrysler Corporation employes struck today for a third round of postwar wage Increases. Governor Sigler immediately or- dered a complaint against the strikers under Michigan's new Bon- ine-Tripp labor law. It requires that the state take a strike vote before workers -can walk out. The C.I.O. United Auto Workers contend It does not apply when a firm has plants outside of Michigan, Sigler told reporters that he had asked the state labor mediation board to make a complaint to Wayne County (Detroit) Prosecutor James McNally. Under the law, McNally then could ask a court inj unction. "Either the Jaw is good or it wunu Sigler said "If It's con- need for action through the stitutiona we might as well find out now. United Nations. In a news conference statement, Marshall ruled out the possibility of a direct two-nation settlement by tho United States and Russia of ;eneral international problems also concerning other governments. Marshall said in the statement that Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith had not asked- Soviet For- eign Minister Molotov "for any gen- eral discussion or negotiation." Molotov had said that Smith pro- posed discussion and negotiation and publicly announced that Rus- sia had accepted. That was in a world-startling Russian broadcast Honday night (Moscow "We have had a long and bitter experience with such Mar- shall said. "This government had no Inten- tion of entering into bi-lateral nego- tiations with the Soviet government on matters relating ,to the inter- ests of other governments. Russ Discussion "The discussion of any proposals in regard to outstanding issues which the Soviet government may lave in mind, must, as a matter of course, be conducted In the body charged with responsibility for these questions." This was a clear reference to the United Nations and to the various allied bodies set up during and after the war for handling such prob- lems as the future of Germany and Austria. Marshall then presented the posi- tive side of the American attitude. He asserted that "what, we want is in the fields where action is hero, It is doubted pnss this limit. that they will Km1 more alarming, In fact, is the second development 'which is pretty generally anticipated. That is the partition of Austria, on the pattern of tho purlltlon of Germany. For except for Finland, tho Soviet zone ot Austria is the softest spot, the most likely aroa of Infection, In the whole vast Soviet sphere of Eu- rope. 11' IS EASY TO THINK of Aus- tria us n kiiitt of miniature Gcr- with tho Russian zone ns tightly grlppi-d by Russian power nn In Germany. In fact, Austria has n contriil Despite some operatic Soviet pressure, the Aus- trian officials ftncl functionaries of thr Soviet zone are responsible, not to tho Russians, but to tho Austrian government In Vienna. Austrians move freely between one zone and another. Most Austrlnns In the Soviet zone, with what appears downright foolharcllncss, are quite openly iinti-communlst and ar.tl- Sovlet. n, pence treaty Is still pos- sible, this resistance will bo toler- ated. But many here doubt that It would long survive the final break- down of treaty negotiations, Instead, It Is gcnornlly expected, the parti- tion of Austria will begin. Move- ments will be restricted. Communi- cations with other zones will be broken. Food shipments will be held up, Local otflclals will be Instructed that they must no longer take orders from Vienna. Freedom will tile. All this could be done slowly and gradually, so that tho world would hardly notice. Or It could bo clone quickly and brutally, as in Chechoslovakia. Porhiips nothing of this sort will happen. Yet It Is well to consider In advance what the western policy is to be. For a Soviet attempt to expel the Austrian government from its zone of Austria will be In flag- runt violation of treaty. And to this sort of overt attack, tho Western powers must somehow respond firmly. the entrance to th _ tho free use of the street the plant. Pickets or others violat- ing this order will be subject to contempt of court proceedings with a penalty of imprisonment or fine." Some Return to Work Commenting on the pickets on this morning the manager ___ they were "obeying the law." He added that trucks were going in and out of the grounds and con- tinued "some strikers have' returned to Fletchall added that the com- pany is conducting a private Inves- tigation into the alleged assault Sunday night of George J. Auzman, assistant plant superintendent, but (Continued on Page 3, Column 3.) PACKERS to the present time." After he read his statement, Mar- shall answered a series of questions from the 100 or move reporters in the State department auditorium. Caribbean Combed for Missing PBY Tampa, were out again today between Cuba and the Florida Keys trying to pinpoint faint radio distress signals which might be coming from a downed Navy flying boat. The big Navy PBY disappeared early Sunday while flying from Puerto Rico to Key West, Fla. Twelve men were aboard. Their identities were not made public. to Go Meanwhile, Brlggs Manufacturing Company said workers in its six Detroit plants would be laid off by Monday because of the strike. Briggs supplies Chrysler bodies. Picket Cal Moorehead, parading before the big Dodge main plant, told reporters "It looks like a long strike." "This will probably be he added. Picketing was quiet. Union head- quarters said tho first workers out were those at the Dodge plant. They jumped the gun by 30 minutes. Tho union already is raising a million dollar "kitty" by assess- ments-to finance the walkout. Special Session The executive board of tho union met In as picket lines were thrown'" about Chrysler's Detroit plants. Negotiations broke down Tuesday night on wage demands of the CJO. United Auto Workers. Thei union scaled its 30 cent an hourj demand down to 17 cents without success. The best company offer was six cents an hour. The Chrysler production workers Republican-Herald photo intersection from Vila street when the crash, occurred, for more than one hour. 3 Nabbed in Hamel of Loot Recovered Huggins, 32, brother of Irving, -under arrest in St. Louis, Mo all had confessed. wltb balA robPery rader the federal statutes. Edgar Huggins has charged with receiving and possess- ing part of the stolen- money. The two arrested in Denver had Lana Turner, Husband in 16 plants average about an hour now. It was the auto industry's first major strike since November, 1945, when the U.A.W.-C.I.O. walked out at General Motors Corporation to begin a 113-day siege. It was the first big strike at Chrysler since 1939. Arrive in England Southampton, Eng-. Lana I Turner and her fourth husband, Bob Topping, arrived here today aboard the liter Mauretania on their honey- moon trip to Britain and Europe. They plan a visit of indefinite length in London; The film star 'and the millionaire tinplate heir were married In Holly- wood April 26. Meat Union Vetoes Affiliates' Accord striking CIO packinghouse workers union has re- fused to approve the wage settle- ment accepted by its affiliate stock handlers union. Ralph Helstein, international president of the United Packing- house Workers of America, said last night the international ottlcc will investigate the new agreement "and will take such measures as may be necessary to enforce policies of the union." The 400 stock handlers at the Chicago stockyards accepted a wage raise of six cents an hour Monday night, about four hours before they were scheduled to strike. Helstein, whose union called a nation-wide strike of its members March 16, did not say what aspects of the stock handlers contract would be investigated. in their possession -after pay- ing for an automobile. A total of J8.238 was found on Ed- gar Huggins when he was arrested. Notesteen said agents had so far been able to account for all but 54 619 of the .stolen. The Hamel bank was robbed shortly before closing- time last Wednesday by two mea who forced bank emp'loyes and a customer to lie on the floor. Notesteen said the three were ar- Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday. Con- tinued rather cool. Low tonight 42; high Thursday 60. fair tonight and Thursday except mostly cloudy southeast tonight. A little Warmer south and west. Thursday. cloudy north and cloudy' south with light rata u ,__ continuing in southeast early to- rt d r te keep tne night. Thursday partly cloudy, not unaer rested yesterday. All three been buddies in the Army, had The federal penalty for bank rob- bery is up to 25 years imprison- ment, The penalty for receiving stolen property is up to ten years. Next Rail Move Up to U. S. members temperature near Lake LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 54; minimum, 47; noon, 49; precipitation, .02; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prcc. Bemidjl 59 Chicago ............51 Denver 50 DCS Moines 56 Duluth ............50 International Falls.. 62 Kansas City .......55 Los Angeles .......73 Miami .............33 Minneapolis-St. Paul 55 New Orleans....... 87 New York .........73 Seattle........----65 Phoenix............SO Washington .......SO Winnipeg.......... 61 40 44 33 47 34 37 49 54 71 48 66 49 44 65 32 tion's trains for the Army move to settle their wage dispute. When or in what form the move will come was not clear. The government has a full week of grace before the threat of nation- wide railroad strike may arise again. During that week the three unions involved must decide whether, to fight the antistrike edict, in court or _ simply leave the whole burden of proof up to Justice department law- .201 yers. v .09' Federal Judge T. Alan Goldsbor- 7 3 DAILY KIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change Dam-3. T.W. Red Wing 14 Lake City Reads 12 Dam 4, T.W. Dam 5, T.W. Dam 5A, T.W. Winona Dam 6, Pool Dam 6, T.W. Dakota Dam 7, Pool Dam 7, T.W. La Crosse 1 12 7.1 6.9 9.7 6.2 C.8 5.2 6.2 7.1 7.8 5.7 8.0 9.3 7.4 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .1 .3 ,3 threatened walkout by issuing a temporary restraining order after the government had seized the railroads, set a hearing lor next Wednesday on whether the Injunction should be made permanent. Brotherhood attorneys said today the union strategy decision has not yet been reached. Policy committees were standing by to pass on that and any other developments in the 11-month-old pay battle. Lie Detector Clears Four of McLoone Slaying Crosse, detector tests cleared four persons held for questioning yesterday in the slaying of-Dr. James E. McLoone La Crosse physician. District Attorney John S. Cole- man said today that there was "no indication of guilt" among the four persons who submitted to the tests, Doleman said some, eight other per- sons were questioned yesterday. Coleman said that he had two theories in the six-month-old mys- tery and he added that one of them was disproved as a result of yester- day's tests. He said Charles S. Wil- son, head of the state crime labora- tory, had agreed to remain in La Crosse today to participate in the questioning of about six more per- would not comment on the theory now being Investigated Yesterday Coleman commented T-i there's going to be a break in the case it will be within 48 hours." Judd Doubts Russ Offer's Sincerity Washington Representative Judd (R.-Minn.) is among the con- who doubt Russia's slncer- Sovlct-Awerican diplomatic talks. Judd told a reporter last night he looked upon the episode as "another clever move in the Russians' diplo- matic warfare. "They're seizing an opportunity to get a play in the world that they are after peace and we arc after the Minnesotan declared. "What the Howard street. East Sanborn Street Must Be Kept Open Injunction Hearing Set for May 18, Union Summoned Members of Local 305, United Packinghouse Workers of America now on strike against the Wlnona plant of Swift Company, today vere under court 'order restraining them from interfering with the use of East Sanborn street tti the vicinity of the plant, from interfering with automobiles or trucks and from ob- structing ingress or egress from the plant. The temporary restraining order slimed in district court late Tuesday afternoon by Judge Karl Finkeln- )urg was the aftermath of the broil- ng turbulence and man-made mtreds which fanned into violence among striking pickets and workers at the plant early Monday. The union is ordered to appear in court May 18 at' 10 a. m. to show cause why a temporary injunction should not be Issued to stop further acts of the same nature. Plaintiff In the action is Swift Company and named as defendants are the United Packinghouse Work- ers of America affiliated with the 3ongress of Industrial Organisation, Local 305, Prank Wineski. Henry Ol- son Sylvester Knopiek, Stanley Ad- aroczyk. Earl Rosscr and Edmund Paszkiewlcz, who arc officers of Local 305 and Henry Schocnsteln, national of the union, and all mcm- jers of the national organization and all members of Local 305. Court attaches today pointed out, however, that the temporary re- straining order does not restrain mass picketing and neither does it restrain all of the persons named as defendants.' Rather, It restrains only the members and officers of lo- cal 305. The temporary order enjoins the union! "A. From time inter- ferlnr wttljs the tree rota- ted ot EMt Sanborn tnOSmty ot in the vidtKf at the entrance to pUintill'i plant and premises by mny person or persons whomso- ever. "B. From at any time inter- fertnr with the free and unin- terrupted use of any automobiles, or other methods of transportation or conveyance in the vicinity of the entrance to plaintiff's plant and premises In the city of WInono. "C, From ob- ingress or csress from the plaintiffs said plant and premises In the city of Before signing the order. Judge Finkelnburg heard the testimony of solemn battered men who told of assaults and beatings Monday morn- The hearing began in the early afternoon and lasted until nearly 5 p. m. The afternoon's proceedings and testimony revealed these conten- tions: That workmen had been hauled from their automobiles and scvereiv beaten as they sought to enter Swift property on the morning of May 10. That special plant police on duty and with the Insignia of their badge of office conspicuous were powerless to stop the out- break of violence and were struck when they so attempted. That the beatings were admin- istered by "strangers" unknown to local workers, or at least to the victims of the assaults. That Swift trucks had been turned back throughout the en- suing hours of May 10. That the east end of Sanborn street was again barricaded May 11 and workers and trucks turn- ed away. That verbal threats had been made by members of the local union. Most startling of all testimony of- fered as the local strike case was presented to the court by H. K. Breh- mcr and C. Stanley McMalion of the Wlnona firm of George, Owen and Brchmer was that of a company foreman, Leonard Mooro, 557 East Russians are afraid of Is our 70- group Air Force and are grasping the first chance to discredit our arming U. S. to Use Clamps on Exports to Soviet Bloc Beside the goods barred from ex- the new secretary of commerce. j port, three other classes of goods are __ 2 .1 ,5 .3 About 300 rickets Mass around the entrance of the Swift Company packing Plant in South St. Paul today Cung entry of workers and trucks loaded with livestock. The picket line, eight to ten men deep is at the end of the'street. Turned-back workers and spectators watch from the sidewalks. Judge W A Schultz in Hastings later issued an orter forbidding illegal mass picketing.