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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, May 11, 1948

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 11, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Cloudy tthd cool; low tonljcht '121 M. IS HERE Dial 97.5 for the Best in Radio Full Ceased Wire Report of The Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 48. NO. 72 WINONA. MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING. MAY 11. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES U.S. Made No Russ Parley BidiTruman Rcn'Z Unions Bow to A nti-Strike Injunction Bipartite Board, Army To Run Roads Brotherhoods Look to Royall for Wage Settlement Washington Army Secre- tary Royall, boss of tho railroads under government operation, sale today ho will name a, unlon-man- ngomont advisory board to help him run thorn, Royall reported to u nows confer- ence that the roads nro operating in normal fashion. Bans against ship- ment of perishable goods such as livestock and fresh produce were llttod. Moot railroads put on such bans last weekend because of the strike Ciillcct by three operating brotherhoods for 0 a. m. (local rail- road tlmo) today, Tho unions withdrew their strike order last night after tho govern- ment seized tho railroads and got nn order from Federal Juclgo T Alan OoUlsborotlgh forbidding a strike. aohlsborough is tho Judge who twlco fined John L. Lewis and his United Mlno Workers for dls obeying court orders. Union Mcnt While Royn.ll was talking with ro- portprs at the Pentagon building leaders of tho three unions wore holding their own nows conference at a downtown hotel. The main points they made: 1. Only n, wage settlement can en- tirely romovo tho possibility of n will strike. Arthur J, Olovor, presi- dent of tho switchmen's union, said emphatically that tho anti-strike court order secured by tho gov- ernment was what stopped a walk- out; seizure of tho roads alono would not have stopped a strike. 2. Thoy arc looking now to Royall to settle their wage dispute. David B. Robertson, head of tho flromon find onglncmon, said "Those car- riers (railroad management) aro out of the picture." 3. They hold considerable resent- ment because ot tho government's moves. Glover said: "Now manage- ment knows that every tlmo they get in a dogfight tho government will stop In and act as n strike breaking agent." Matlo Alvnnloy Johnston, chief of the engineers, said tho union men made many concessions In the long and fruitless Whlto House negotiations for a settlement. Among other things, ho said, they agreed to rec- ommend that their members accept n 15 W cents tin hour wage increase. That was. proposed by a presidential fact-finding board and first rejected by tho unions. The Whlto House negotiations broke down over ques- tions ot operating rules, Most of these rules affect tho amount of take homo pay tho train crews get Tho throo union leaders said they nro waiting to hear from Royall what he proposes about the wage dispute. Roynll told his news conference trmt for tho tlmo being tho Army will make no attempt to settle the dispute. Ho ho has asked rail unions to siiKKcst men from their ranks to .tit with representatives of mil management on an advisory group to help him (Hiring tho period ol government operation, Koyall gavo this account of the Army's proposed operating methods: Ito lius set vip seven railroad re- gions uncl put oach In command of u civilian nilh'oacl president. AH were made Army colonels, will get ti colonel's pay nncl must glvo up their roll ran cl pay. Tho Army Intends only to super- vise mil leaving details to the carriers themselves. Asked if railroad personnel would be subject to military control, Roynll replied they would not. Asked how profits would bo han- dled, be sukl they would be cloiUt with us they are today. Golclsbovough's "temporary rc- KtriilnlrtK order" (a typo of Injunc- tion) expires May 19, eight days from tocliiy. The Judge set a hear- ing for that elate on the govern- ment's request for n longer Injunc- tion, The thrco unions will have thplr chance then to fight back. Uist nlKht, after facing reporters and comrramen at frequent Inter- vals nil through a dramatic and swift-changing clay, the three union chiefs cooped themselves up In their hotel rooms ami let a young assist- ant. Eddie Gloss, make the an- nouncement the country was waiting to hear. It was Truman to Woo Farmers With Special Messase Washington President Tru- man laid plans today to send Con- gress a message his supporters hope will put the farm vote in the Democratic column next November. But Republican farm leaders on Cfipltol Hill quickly said they al- ready are at work on the very thing the chler executive is ex- pected to stress a long range agricultural program. "I do not see anything In the present picture requiring a special message on the said Chair- man Capper (R-Kan) of tho Se- nato agriculture committee. Capper Issued a statement shortly niter It became known Mr. Truman will send a farm message to Con- gress this week. Tho word come from Senate De- mocratic Leader Barkley' of Ken- tucky who with three other party loaders and retired Secretary of Agriculture Anderson went over the matter with the President at a White House conference yester- day afternoon. Barkley provided no details. But close associates of Anderson said the Democrats see an opportunity to force the Republican-controlled Congress to act on a farm measure or run the risk of being "put on the spot" with farmers during the com- ing presidential campaign. Through Anderson, the adminis- tration has outlined a program which includes permanent price and Income supports for most farm products, a so-called "moderniza- tion" of the parity formula for determining "fair" prices for farm products, subsidies to boost con- sumption at home and abroad when surpluses arise and greater govern- mental aid to rural areas cation, health and recreation. Volunteer Plan for Four Held in Search for McLoone Slayer La Crosse, persons were in custody today us the long search for the slayer or a prominent ihyslcian neared what officials said might bo a climax. "If there's going to a'break In tho case it'll be within 48 as- erted District Attorney John Cole- man. He declined further comment. Authorities generally were mum ,S to developments In the six-months search for the slayer of Dr. James E, WcLoone, whose bullet-riddled body was found besido a highway last November 14, Three of tho suspects were ques- tioned during an all-night session ireslded over by Charles Wilson, lead of tho state crime laboratory, and a fourth was due to be grilled today. At least one of the trio quiz- zed during the night was believed to submitted to a lie detector test, but officials refused to divulge re- sults. Coleman said the quartet was not n jail, but was being detained at separate locations to prevent com- munication with each other. Dr. McLoone's body was found _prawled beside highway 16 near the city limits last fall. Three bullet vounds were discovered in the head and a fourth In the chest. Dewey, Stassen to Debate Outlawing Communist Party Bend. Ore. Oregon's Re- publican presidential primary battle novcd toward a dramatic climax ,oday with Governor Thomas E, Dcwey agreeing to meet Harold E. Stassen In a radio debute on the ssue of communism. The New York governor, barn- .tormlng Oregon for the state's May :l presidential preference, nccept- d an Invitation to tangle with the vilnncsotan under the auspices of he Multnomah (Portland) coun- y Republican committee, 'Washington A volunteer plan for 18-year-olds to get train- Ing as a military reserve was ap- proved today by the Senate armed services committee. The Senate group is working on military manpower legislation which has two main alms: 1. A draft of men in the 19-25 age group for regular service in the armed forces. 2. Training of 18-year- olds as a reserve. This has been called a substitute for universal training. The decision to let the 18-year- olds volunteer for training reversed an earlier view that they must be taken by lot because they would avoid a longer two-year term im- posed on men 19 through 25 years by the stopgap draft. the Senate committee awaited a final conference with Secretary of Defense Forrestal later today. Only Senate approval is needed to send the bill to President Tru- man. Chairman Ourney (R.-S.D.) said the Senate committee also accepted a "draft Industry" amendment pro- posed by Senator Russell This would allow the President to take over any factory or plant that refused to accept contracts or orders from the armed services. It says orders must be filled "at a reason- able price." Here are the main features of the Senate bill: Men from 18 through 25 years would have'to register. There would be .a special registration of doctors, dentists and similar specialists through age 44. youths 18-yenrs-old must take one year of special training. I or more men from ID' through 25 years must serve two years with the regular services. The number drafted depends on the gaps left in the regular forces by volunteers. Doctors, dentists and other medi- cal specialists up to age 44 could be drafted. Most World War II veterans would be exempt as would men with dependents, those In special work exempted by the President such as divinity students, scientific students, or men in key industries and agriculture. Farm Laborer Dies After Street Fight Sparta, Wls. Herman L. Wecdcn, 49, a bachelor farm labor- er, died in a Sparta hospital yester- Jews Press Battle for Supply Line Haganah Claims Capture of Two Strategic Villages Jerusalem (.I3) The Jewish army announced today the capture of the'strongly fortified Arab vil- lage of Beth Mahslr on the supply line from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The village is above the Bab El Wad gorge. Haganah said its en- gineers were clearing road blocks. Irgun Zval Leumi described the battle as the biggest fight so far in Palestine. The Jews claimed also to have captured strategic Safad in north- ern Palestine. Reports circulated in Tel Aviv that the British blockade will end May 15 with the mandate. Rumors spread- that this' would start a flood or arms, men, and even Jewish, air and naval units pouring Jerusalem. Neutral military observers pressed belief that the present phase of the bloody battle for Pales- tine has ended with the Jews on top. The struggle will recommence, they believe, when and if the Arab states begin their ott-threatened invasion after the British relin- quish their mandate Friday at mld- Haganah, the Jewish militia, now controls all the territory assigned to the Jews under the United Na- tions partition vote, plus more' than enough to secure Jerusalem. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy tonight. Wednesday partly cloudy. Continued cool. Lowest to- night 42; high Wednesday 58. Minnesota: Partly cloudy north and mostly cloudy south portion to- night with little change in tempera- ture. Wednesday partly cloudy and slightly warmer south portion. Wisconsin: Partly cloudy north and mostly cloudy south portion to- night and Wednesday. No decided change in. temperature. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 52; minimum, 45; noon, i rostrum, left, addresses throng which gathered at plerside at TT c amhicciilnr Tcfferson CaiTerv. on rostrum, jeic, uuuut, _- Bordc'aui, to greet S.S. John H. Quincy. first ship carrying ERP supplies to reach France. (A.P. Wirephoto to The U. S.-Italy Press Freedom Treaty Before Senate Washington The United 49; precipitation, none; sun sets information. night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECASTS Minnesota-Wisconsin. Temper- atures will average five to ten de- grees below normal. Normal maxi- mum 64 northern Minnesota to 71 south. Normal minimum 38 north- ern Minnesota to 47 south, Cool Wednesday, slightly warmer south- ern sections Thursday and Thurs- States and Italy have' negotiated a precedent-setting treaty guaran- :eelng a free exchange of informa- ;ion between the, two nations. The pact, first general commercial treaty to be worked out between this country and a European nation since 1934, is before a Senate foreign relations subcommittee. It must be ratified by the Senate before be- coming effective. Designed to provide a basis lor cultural, business and trade relations between the two countries, the treaty specifies that both Italian and American citizens, corporations or associations will have the right to gather and publish information in cither country. It would bind the United States and Italy to observe the principles of press freedom and free exchange Chrysler Strike Set for Tomorrow Detroit The C, I. O. United Auto Workers today set 8 a. m. Wednesday for a walkout of Chrysler Corporation employes in the absence of a wage demand settlement. Meanwhile, government mediators will from none of debate in a wire replying to Dr. I day. District Attorney L. J. Good- ivuttuv. r o IJ KJI Krtrtvi In H, Odegnrd, president of consequence northern Minnesota to one half to one inch southern Wis- consin. Some light rain extreme southeastern Wisconsin tonight and a period of occasional rain mostly In southern and central sections around Friday and Saturday. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Free. Reetl college Portland. Dr. Ode- gard had offered the college as an mpartial debate forum. The New Yorker set the Issue Shall the Communist Party Be Outlawed." He suggested a nation- wide broadcast. man said he had been Involved in a street fight Saturday night. A coroner's Jury will be Impaneled on the case today, Coroner M. J. Lanham said. Dr. Robert Flynn performed an autopsy and said Weeden died ns a result of a basal skull fracture. _...... p. m. when Gloss stepped out of nn elevator into the lobby of tho sedate Hamilton hotel and said simply to tho waiting news- men: "The brotherhoods will comply with the court order. Steps to that effect aro being taken immediately." The "steps" were telegrams the thrco union hoatls wero rushing to their local officers. Violent Earthquake Shakes North Chile Llmu, violent earth- quake shook the Arequlpa depart- ment at a. m, C.S.T, today. Reports from Arlcu. a port In north- ern Chile, said tho shock was strong there. J. S. Reds Advocate 'Government House Unit Charges Washington The com- munist .party of the United States was formally accused today of ad- vocating "the overthrow of our government by force and Tho House committee on un- S. fact of the communist movement throughout the world, The doctrine of forceful and violent overthrow of anti-communist gov- ernments is a basic premise of these teachings. 'The American party is now and has been under the dlrec- Amerlcan activities made the ac- always has been under the dlrec- rusmtion and called upon the ex- Won of an International communUt cusntlon and called upon ccutlve branch of the government for "vigorous enforcement" of ex- isting laws to curb Communist activities. "What the Chinese or Greek Com- munists are doing today is what the American Communists plan to do the committee declared. In a 160-page report distributed to members of the House, tho com- mittee said It has voluminous evi- dence that: "The teachings of Marx, Engels, Lenin, and Stalin constitute the Bemidji 58 Chicago 48 Denver 56 Des 5G Duluth 46 International Falls 58 Kansas City Los Angeles 72 Miami VC MInneapolis-St. Paul 50 New Orleans 87 New York 80 Seattle 57 Phoenix 85 Washington .......87 40 43 35 45 35 32 50 53 67 43 G8 53 47 54 64 30 in efforts to head off a strike of workers in 16 plants. Norman R. Matthews, national U.A.W..C.I.O. Chrysler director, an- nounced the hour for the strike with only 24 hours remaining to reach an agreement. was shot mathematics exam. Those Brooklyn students ai-e probably the kind who shoot first because someone's going to ask questions later. before the shooting, the, an anonymous call warning her to pass every one in Winnipeg 60 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change Red Wing 14 7.1 Lake City 9-9 Reads 12 6.4 Dam 4, T.W....... 7.0 Dam 5, T.W....... 5-3 Dam 5A, T.W...... 6.5 Winona 13 7.4 Dam 6, Pool...... 7.8 Dam 6, T.W....... 5.9 Dakota 8.1 Dam 7, Pool...... 9.3 Dam 7, T.W....... 6.1 La Crosse 12 7.7 Posse to Resume Weckler Search KIchland Center, WU. A posse of 53 men. will resume the search for the body of Georgia Jean Weckler along the Wisconsin river May 23. District Attorney Leo LownlK or RlchJand county announced the plans yesterday. Bad weather and high water forced postponement of the hunt Sunday. Georgia Jean, eight-year-old Fort Atkinson farm girl, has been missing for more than a year. Lownik said 18 small boats, each manned by two men, and 20 addi- tional men for patrol work along the banks, would take part In1 the search. Officers from Dane, Jeffer- son and Richland counties will par- ticipate. G.O.P. Fails to Control Inflation, OTMahoney Says Washington Senator O'Ma- honey (D.-Wyo.) today criticized the Republican leaders of Congress for what he termed their failure to control Inflation. Declaring it Is "too late to ex- pect any change of by the G.O.P., O'Mahoney added: "The choice, therefore, must be made by the people between the policy of action and the policy ol drift." O'Mahoney said that by a policy of action he means the ten-point anti-inflation program laid before tho special session last November by President Truman. Congress shelved most or that program, in- cluding the chief executive's re- quest for stand-by power to restore limited rationing and wage-price controls. O'Mahoney set forth his views In a one-man minority report on the economic message Mr. Truman sent to Congress in January. In it the President again outlined his ten- point program. Tributary Streams organization dominated by the leaders of the communist party of the Soviet Union." Pointing to the recent bloody uprising in Bogota, the committee said, "We cannot continue to blind ourselves to the menace of our own communists who form a greater proportion of our population than the Colombian communists in the Colombian population." It said the administration has failed to "appreciate and under- stand the potentialities of com- 3.3 2.1 2.0 1.6 La Crosse at W. Salem 2.1 Chlppewa at Durand. Zumbro at Theilman. Buffalo above Alma... Whitewater at Beaver. Black at Galesville Root at Houston...... 6.7 RIVER FORECAST credo' of the Communist party, U.nmalst agents within our nation." Ignored, the tea- cher has to raise both hands. Teaching is get- X ting so risKy the history in- tructor wanted to ___ m. lecture about -1 General Sherman, she'd do it from a Sherman tank. That history teacher asked one student, "who assassinated Lin- and the student answered -8 "I'm no stool pigeon." Those teen-age trigger men en- rolled in the drawing class and they were disappointed. They all dropped out when the instructor told them it had nothing to do with drawing guns. Of course, at that school they don't have graduation exercises The seniors highjack the diplomas. Those rootin' tootitf shootin' kids from Brooklyn expect to go to col- Strikers Eligible for State Relief St. Paul The state will grant relief to strikers or families of strikers if the need for relief the mathematics S cxists, Jarle Leirfallom, state social welfare director, said today. "Relief cannot be withheld in or- der to break a said Lcirfal- lom, "and neither can relief be granted with the purpose of pro- longing or winning a strike." exams she'd be subtract- In that class if student raises his hand and is Bulletins .1 .6 (From Hastings to Guttcnbcrs) The Mississippi will continue fall- Ing throughout the entire district for several days but more'slowly the section from Lansing to below lege, too. _That s why Columbia Prairie du Chien. Average daily falls above La Crosse will be .2 of a foot. university played it safe and hired General Eisenhower to be its pre- sident. Senate foreign relations committee dis- closed today it Is drafting a res- olution calling for the United States to seek international peace and security through the United Nations. Lima, were cracked and adobe dwellings tumbled down' by an earthquake early today in southern Peru and northern Chile. Some casualties were reported. Fairmont, Minn. The city of Fairmont drew a bargain last night. The council accepted a bid of made by Leon Joyce, Rochester, for construc- tion of a city airport. The bid was almost less than an engineer's estimate for the job. Vice-Premier Leads Vote for Italian President Lnl- Elmmm, M-yeM-oW banker- economist, was elected flret pres- ident of the new Italian republic tonight. Vice-Premier Luigi Elnaudi emerged today as the lead- ing contender for the presidency of the new Italian republic. Barring unforeseen developments, his elec- tion is expected tonight. Elnaudi, 74, backed by the dominant Christ- ian Democratic party, Is a political independent. He Js budget minister and governor of the Bank of Italy. On the third ballot of a joint session or the Senate and Chamber or Deputies, Elnaudi received 462 votes. This was far short of the two-thirds margin required for elec- tion on any of the first three bal- lots. However, the constitution pro- vides that if the first three ballots are unsuccessful a simple majority rules on the fourth. The Christian Democratic support gave Elnaudi more than a simple majority of the 900 votes of the two houses. Foreign Minister Carlo Sforza, one of the anti-communists, with- drew from the race last night after a day of bickering and two unsuc- cessful ballots. The Christian Demo- crats then announced they were switching their support to Elnaudi, who had.received a scattering of votes on the two ballots. ERP Buying Too Much Canadian Food, Solon Says Young (R.-N: D.) said today too much Ca- nadian and not enough American food is being purchased for European relief. in that connection he wrote Paul O. Hoffman, head of the Economic Cooperation administration: "You announced that expenditures for the purchase of Ca- nadian wheat, flour and bacon for the United Kingdom had been auth- orized by you, bringing total E.C.A. commitments to date to large share of which is for food purchased elsewhere than in the United States. "These purchases of food, includ- ing large quantities of wheat and wheat flour from Canada, come at a time when there is twice as large a carryover of wheat In the United States as there was last year, and at a time when wheat Is selling here at approximately parity. far as I know, no expenditures for American farm products have been authorized under E.C.A. to date; at least of any size." Hysteria Elimination Cited at Polio Meet hysteria, in polio-stricken conimunities can be eliminated if physicians and the public are properly prepared. This was the theme yesterday at the opening of the two-day state- wide poliomyelitis preparedness con- ference here. Dr. E. R. Krumbiegel, Milwaukee health commissioner, declared there are some advantages in sending polio cases to isolation hospitals, especially if the patient needs a respirator. But, said Krumbiegel, the public should realize that most communi- ties are capable ol handling all but the most serious cases. Soviet O.K.'s Says Radio Moscow 'No New Departure in U. S. Policy, Asserts President President Tru- man indicated today that he doca not shore Moscow's belief that this country has come with an offer or a two-power meeting on. Soviet- American relations. The President said in a statement that a recent expression or views >y XT. S. Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith in Moscow "represented no new departure in American policy." Russians were told by their news- papers that this country had sug- gested a two-power meeting to dis- cuss the state or Soviet-American relations, and that Russia had ac- cepted. Neither Mr. Truman nor the State department, however, gave any sup- port to the Idea that such a mcct- ng was in prospect. Smith's statement was given to Foreign Minister Molotov on May 4. Its purpose, Mr. Truman said in formal statement, was to make t "unmistakably clear that tho United States has no hostile or ag- gressive designs whatsoever with respect to the Soviet Union." The'President's statement did not indicate whether the note of Am- bassador Smith to Molotov May 4 might be construed as an American jroposal for discussion and settle- nent of existing differences between, iie two nations. Two The two main points of the state- ment by Smith, MX. Truman said, were these: 1. "The policies of the United States government in international questions have been made amply clear in recent months and They have the support of the over- whelming majority of the American people. They will continue to be vigorously and firmly prosecuted." 2, "On the other hand this gov- ernment wishes to make it unmis- takably clear that the United States has no hostile or aggressive designs whatsoever with, respect to the So- viet Union." In a response Sunday to Smith's statement, radio Moscow said tho Soviet Union is ready to pursue a 'policy of peace and cooperation with, the United States." The Soviet further Interpreted the Smith note as a bid for "dis- cussion and settlement" with Rus- sia of differences which have split the postwar world. Molotov Agrees The Moscow broadcast said Molo- tov had agreed to the proposal for talks ascribed to the United States. The State department today dis- closed that Smith pave Molotov a 500-word oral response to the So- viet foreign minister's reply to original American note. At no point in this latest move in Moscow did Smith encourage any nope on the part ol the Russians that the American government enter at this time into nego- tiations with the Russians for an over-all settlement of differences be- tween the two countries. What Smith said originally was that it was hoped to find tho basis of a "decent and reasonable rela- tionship" between the Soviets and Americans. He added that "the door is always wide open for full discussion and the composing of our differences." Apparently the State department's purpose in making Smith's latest statement to Molotov public was to try to show that the U. S. is not proposing to compromise its policy at any point In seeking a settlement with Russia. And since Russia in Its note was officially regarded here as showing no tendency to compromise. Ameri- can officials said that they had dif- ficulty at this time In trying to dis- cover on what basis a meeting Blight be usefully held. Moscow characteristically disclos- ed the latest turn of events and gave its own version. Thereupon the State department early today pub- lished a dispatch from Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith detailing a facc-to-facc approach he made to Molotov a week ago on direct instructions from Secretary Marshall. What he told Molotov, Smith re- ported, was that the United States holds to its hope for a "decent and reasonable relationship" with Rus- Door Open 'As far as the United States is concerned, the door is always open for full discussion and the compos- ing of our differences." Molotov, in his formal reply five days later, was quoted by the Rus- sian news agency T.ISS as saying: "The Soviet government views favorably the desire of the govern- ment of Uie United States to im- prove relations as expressed in (Smith's) statement and agrees to the proposal to proceed with this end in view to discussion and set- tlement of differences existing be- tween us." Smith's reminder that the door to an American-Soviet conference1 re- mains open, followed a bluntly- worded declaration that the Ameri- can people are solidly behind Unit- ed States policy toward Russia. ;