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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 10, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR, WARMER WEDNESDAY FM RADIO AT ITS BEST VOLUME NO. 71 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 10, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES T ruman on Arrangements Complete for Blockade's End Flag-Bedecked Trains to Reopen Berlin Service By Thomas A. Reedy one minute past midnight Thursday nag-bedecked traffic will end the epic of block- aded Berlin. That's p. .m., central stan- dard time, Wednesday. So far there hasn't been a hitch in final arrangements. General V. I. Chuikov, Soviet commander in Germany, and the Western powers both have ordered that transport, trade and commu- nication services between their zones resume at that time. Things will revert to the way thf K? 1M8> Burhe' five-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas P. Sixteen freight trains will move! Burke Ol Carbondale, Pa., adjusts leash on pup, Susan, at La Guardia Into the city daily. Highways will Field in New York city yesterday, prior to boarding a plane for QriiHftt't- _ v. i _ f be open. The Soviet's at least say they trav- el permits. They also say they'll not try to search Allied baggage. Mail service will be resumed. Western Berlin's Mayor Ernest Reuter ordered the black, red and gold flag of the new West German republic to be flown on street cars and buses. The first day, ten tratnloads of coal and six others of fresh pota- toes and consumer goods are sched- uled to move into the city, which! has been supplied by the air lif for ten months. Twelve thousand tons of supplies are to go into the city about the same figure the air lift reached on Its best day. Restrictions' on movements be- tween the Soviet and Western sec- tors of Berlin are to be removed at the same hour that the blockade ends. Until then, search- and seizure continue to be the rule for Eastern and Wsstern sector police enforcing regulations. But Thursday the Ber- liner can go where he pleases and carry whatever he wishes, without Interference or fear of confiscation of his goods or currency. Throughout the border area there _ ....._ was excitement in the air as will- ai for talks from President Walter ing workers installed radio th. telephone equipment, repainted bor- der signs and clipped weeds be- side the long-neglected in Ford and supplier firms already were mounting into the thousands. A full more Ford workers face idlness within a week if the strike is not settled. Ford has Babich Bound Over for Trial On Murder Count Judge Decides Constitutional Rights Not Violated Babich, 19-year-old former high school hon- or student, was bound over to mu- nicipal court today for trial on a charge of first degree murder. Babich is accused of slaying 16- year-old Patricia Birmingham, the pretty sister of his wife, Kathleen. The state charges that Babich shot j Patricia February 10 after she had threatened to disclose Kathleen was pregnant. Civil Judge Thaddeus Pruss ord- ered Babich held for trial at the conclusion of a two-day prelimin- ary hearing in district court. Pruss ruled that Milton's constitutional rights had not been violated dur- ing some 45 hours of intermittent! questioning by police. j Chief Defense Counsel Arthur, Richter had sought to have the evi-, denoe suppressed and Babich freed on the grounds his rights had been respected. Babich is charged with first de- gree murder in the shooting death of 16-year-old Patricia Birmingham last February 10. He eloped with the victim's sister, Kathleen, now 18, two days before Patricia's weighted body was pulled from the Milwaukee river March 20. Babich claims he produced a .22 calibre target revolver In an effort to frighten Patricia so She would not reveal that Kathleen was pregnant. He maintains the girl) was killed accidentally in a strug- "le for the gun. Youth Testifies Babich took the stand at yes- On the sixth day of "speed-up" deadlock, management and thejterday's session and testified that M.O. United Auto Workers sought a solution together. Their Initial authorities would not permit him negotiations were set for 1 p. m. In keeping with other events of this first major labor battle in a ?ear in the auto industry, the agree- ment to negotiate came yesterday with dramatic suddenness. Young President Henry Ford n, acting swiftly, accepted a propos- Portugal where he will visit shrine of Our Lady of Patima. Tommy is suffering from, a progressive muscular ailment which, his father says, doctors have been unable to cure. Burke, an accountant, and his wife, accompanied the youngster on the flight. "We have tried everything said the father, "We have heard about the shrine and we have great faith in it." wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) Ford Motor Strike Mediation Begins Ford strike idling threatening as many carried to the peace table today. Republican-Herald photo Dennis Kowalewski and his father, Valentine Kowalewski, examine in old coins found by Kowalewski in a glass jar under the kitchen floor at his berry farm at Minnesota City. The two acted as strike-caused The British expected to have the first train into the city. Spending Cuts Gain Support in Congress Washington and Republicans alike in Congress threw support today behind a re- ported recommendation by Presi- dent Truman's council of economic advisers for a cut in government all its 49 plants. Talks To Continue spending. Simmons Leads Mayor Hopefuls At Minneapolis John G. Sim- mons, Lutheran pastor who resigned warned it may have to shut make the race- a fieW of -ii i i i Tract orrfoit't- rsTi_ nine candidates in pri- mary election for mayor of Minne- In agreeing to negotiations Fordjapolis' said his company the talks would be assumed that! "continued un- ,il this strike can be brought to a close." He declined two accompanying proposals from Reuther, however. Ford said he would neither appear personally at the negotiations nor would he engage in a public de- bate with Reuther if the dispute The unofficial count in the city's Hoyer and Alderman Clifford Swan- son Simmons ran with the endorse- ment of the Central Labor union (A.F.L.) while Hoyer was backed by the Hennepin county (Minneapolis) C.I.O. council. Swanson was regard- ed as the Republican choice al- though the primary was on a non- partisan basis. Hoyer was elected mayor by the The council was said to have settled by Priday- was eieuieu mayor Oy me that because of unsettled business! The red-haired union chief, in ajcity council last fall to replace Hu- condltions it would be safer to trimipubllc statement later, deploredjbert H. Humphrey, who was sent Ford's answer on those two counts, ito the U. S. Senate under the state spending then to try any sharp tax increase. Responsible officials said economists went even suggest the possibility of cutting some excise taxes and of delaying six months a social security pay- roll tax boost scheduled for July 1. Each of these prooosals Rot con- siderable backing from the law- makers. But the final decision on which way to turn in the face of obviously increasing financial pressure on the nation's economy rests with Mr. Truman, Thus far he has refused to back down on his repeated de- but he carried the matter no fur-jDemocratic-Farmer-Labor thejther. I Humphrey endorsed and mands taxes. for in new The economic advisers were said It was only a little more than two hours after receiving Reuth- er's invitation to negotiate that Ford returned his formal assent. campaigned fo- Simmons. banner, actively Officials said the vote was very light, with fewer than of the to see a lawyer until he had ad- mitted the slaying. On cross examination by Dis- trict Attorney William J. McCau- ley, Babich said he was not mis-, treated and that no threats or promises were made to him. The defendant's brother, Victor Babich, testified that on two oc- casions he asked Detective Captain Adolph Kraemer whether he might call an attorney. He said Kraemer refused both times, adding that after Babich made a statement he might see anyone. Richter contended that If a de- Digs Up Small Fortune Minnesota Citian Finds Under His Kitchen fendant felt that any duress had been used in making a statement allegedly admitting a crime, he had a right to establish that fact be- fore the statement was Jntroduc- ed in court. Judge Pruss upheld! By Bill Powell Finding a man with a small for- tune in silver dollars is like look- ing for the fortune itself. Valentine Kowalewsfci, Minnesota City, found a qua'rt jar full of old In the earth un- der his kitchen yesterday. Today it was hard to find Valentine Kowa- lewski. Not that he had run anywhere. But he saw us coming. A press camera is a very conspicuous thing. He would be back at 9. We went back. Girl at the office said Kowa- lewski had just taken off some- where. Didn't know when he would be back. Nobody Knows U, S., Canadian Forces Mapping Arctic Defenses Churchill, this winter wasteland T7, S. and Can- adian soldiers have learned secrets which could help protect America Newspaper Instinct suggested girljfrom any possible invasion through didn't mean what she said. Went the Canadian Arctic. urge President Hits Economy Drive !n Congress Supporters Rally To Defend Byrd, Bolster Fund Cuts By Jack Bell Washington The reported crack by President Truman that there are too wany Byrds in Con- gress spurred Senator Byrd (D-Va.) and his friends to arm themselves today against a possible purge movement. Asserting that the President wants to purge me from the Sen- ate, I'll be around when the purg- ing Byrd said he intends a keep fighting for the slash In pending he doesn't think the Pres- dent wants. Gilbert Harrison, national com- mander of the American Veterans Jommittee, quoted the President fter a White House conference yes- erday. Harrison said: "He told us there were too many yrds in Congress. He wants us see that congressmen are elected ho are able to see these things n the terms of national interest, ather than local interest and to lake large plans rather than small .ans." Replying, Byrd said: "I'm going to continue to make some small money plans that the President won't like at all, Byrd Opposes Wallgren' '.'And I've got an interest In a, big plan, too. I'm going to see to it, if I can, that the Senate doesn't confirm the nomination of Mon Wallgren to head the National Se- curity Resources board. He's def- initely not big enough for that job." Byrd -furnished the necessary Democratic vote when Republicans on the Senate armed services com- mittee bottled up the Wallgren ap- pointment weeks agro. Since that time, the Virginian has not been on good political terms with the President, who has said repeatedly that he wants Wallgren confirmed for the post. The President's reputed remarks about Byrd were criticized by Sen- ator Wherry of Nebraska, the Re- publican floor leader. back into plant. Asked everybody where Kowalewski was. Nobody knew. Most of tbem didn't know Kowalewski. Saw someone hiding behind a stack of crates. Wasn't Photographer Merritt KeUey and Kowalewski, he said. Wasn't hiding I went to the Marigold Dairies, either. Doorman hadn't seen Kowa- wbere Kowalewski works, for all mormng. The girl in the office said he took two hours off for breakfas so he could drive the school bus Richter. Although much mention was made of Babich's statement and one was released to the press by McCauley March 26, no attempt was made by the state to intro- duce any-at the hearing. One Question Revealed McCauley apparrently was con- -ent to rest his case on statements made by Detective Frank Zajdel of which was brought out during defense questioning. One was that Captain Kraemer asked the youth, "Milt, were you alone when you shot and that Babich replied he was.i The other was that Zajdel ac- -ompanied the youth on a trip dur-[ Crowley, board ing which he pointed out the scene I chairman of the Milwaukee road, Crowley Warns Operating Costs Peril Railroads if the shooting. declared today "some relief in The first statement was made at [operating costs must be given if .n earlier hearing, but all testi-jthe railroad industry is to survive moty from the session was enter- d into yesterday's record by slip- city's registered voters going illation. The second was made yes to have urged the President to ac-jbefore a cept a "lesser goal" than this, workers. Chairman George (D-Ga.) of the Almost immediately the initial sion was the same Detroit building where the futile peace talks of last Thursday col- lapsed shortly after the strike deadline last Thursday. Declining Reuther's proposal for a debate, Ford said "nothing use- ful" could be accomplished. The union president had suggest- ed, that he and Ford meet on a rostrum in Briggs stadium, home of the Detroit Tigers baseball team, to the polls. The final election will terday. mass meeting of Ford "The Ford said, "must be resolved on their merits and advisory to the by conscientious effort at the bar- Senate finance committee said the White House last week but not ye formally made tin position he has taken. "If the national income is shrink ing because business is shrinking it would be nonsense to clap more taxes on a falling economy, George told a reporter, "Our only hope is to cut expenditures." The economic advisers were re- ported to have found that no major part of the nation's economy is in serious trouble now, but that there are hazards ahead which must be watched the possibility of fourth round wage In- creases and top-heavy crop sur pluses. Representative Halleck (R-Ind.) kicked up a brief House flurry on of a the subject of economic conditions ming yesterday. He said there's too much government spending and "no amount of buck-passing or alibi- ing can hide Truman administra- tion responsibility" if a depression comes. gaming table by both parties, and not by emotional appeals." Reuther asked Ford's personal presence at the negotiations so that he would be "apprized of all the facts in the situation which you! obviously do not have." However, Ford said he was leaving the negotiations to John S. Bugas, vice-president in charge of industrial relations who headed 1 the company team in the previous! talks. As Ford negotiations gave rise ;o hopes for peace on that dispute, iJere was more trouble in the in- dustry. Chrysler announced an indefinite ,ay-off of 'workers because shortage of windows stem- from a reported slowdown in a supplier plant. Chrysler shut down final assem- jlies at its Dodge, De Soto, and Chrysler main plants and passen- jer car and body making at its Chrysler Kercheval Avenue plant.. under the free enterprise system.' Crowley told a meeting of stock- holders that despite the recent ICC freight rates increase "it is be- coming increasingly difficult to Went back to office. Secured help of man. He looked through a glass door. Pointed to Kowalewski. "Ah. .Mr. "Never heard of said Kowalewski hurrying- through swinging doors to where a girl was wrapping popsicles. "Could you lend a man a I ventured. "O. K. You win." "The President It is the bleak, wind- Wherry said, "we need the Harry whipped shores of Hudson bay- that a strategy is being prepared so any invasion forces which migh grain a foothold in the far north land would be wiped out. Any sort of combat would pre sect problems here where the tern Derature dives to 70 below zero [t is a land of muskeg quagmires of desolate barrens, of mighty lakes and of uranium. Most of what the hard-working American and Canadian soldiers lave found out is shrouded in mil- tary secrecy. But it is known that the joint [defense force has drawn on the (Arctic lore of Eskimos and Indians We asked his boss, Roy T. Pat-ut has tapped the knowledge of fur neaude, if we could take him forjtraders, trappers and Royal Can- a ride. In the car, driving toward his three-tacre berry farm at Min- nesota City, he unfolded his story. He was reconverting his kitchen. To run pipes outside he had to some earth. While he was doing this he came across a quart glass jar. In it were 146 sil- ver dollars, seven half dollars and one gold coin. Total: Oldest Coin adian Mounted police. For the rest, it worked out on a trial-and-error basis brand-new methods of keeping men in such physical condition they can do bat- tle under the cruel grip of Arctic gales. In the field of the Army men are known to have used successfully new adaptions of mo- torized sleds. Caterpillar treads en- The treasure must have been able them to push forward over the placed there by a previous owner I wind-packed drifts and quaking Tiany years ago. The latest coin muskeg. in the jar was dated 1905. Oldest coin was 1888. The Canadian army, for its part, also is preparing northern civilians maintain a reasonable margin ofj "Did you dig- around feverishly to guard such vital defense points nrnflt' as the Alaska highway if need be. Hunters, trappers, lumbermen and others are being organized in co- Milton Babich, charged with the slaying of Patricia Birmingham, 16, is being comforted by his wife, Kathleen, dead" girl's sister, at Milwaukee, Wis., before entering courtroom for second preliminary hearing. Babich, 19, was bound over for trial on first degree murder charge at first preliminary, but legal tangle made second hearing necessary. wirephoto.) profit. The Milwaukee railroad, he'said, last year "assumed almost in its operating costs for "crossing protection and mainten- ance of public improvements." These, he said, "were proper char- ges many years ago but because of changed conditions should now be shifted to those who receive most of the benefits." Crowley said the government's war-imposed transportation tax "discourages business and tends to limit the haul." "In no sense is transportation a he said. "The wartime desire to conserve space for per- sonnel and defense materials is no for more? said Kowalewski, "guess at the time you just don't believe these things happen." This morning the area Was floored in and carpenters were installing a new sink. Kowalew- ski smilingly recalled how he had tried to persuade his eldest son Donald, 12, to dig the earth away some time ago. He had been reluctant and the job Was unfinished. "Gee he was mad said Kowalewski. There was no special way he In- tended to use the money. He figured he would let the silver dollars sit around to be looked at for a few longer -present, and the tax The gold coin he.took into transportation should be repealed." the bank to be registered. He said the road's 1949 volume We wondered how long .the floor of freight traffic is expected to be about ten per cent under last year and passenger traffic seven per house and property three years ago. j shave with hand soap and canned The history of the land and the vegetable soup while a winter property as below was provided by squatter in a summer hotel. cent less. Pope Receives Princess Margaret Vatican City Pope Pius 3tn received Princess Margaret of England today in a 20-minute pri- rate audience, It was the first meeting of a member of British royalty with the Roman Catholic pontiff in more than a quarter century. Margaret made the visit despite protests in England by Protestant organiza- tions, would stay put. Byrd kind of men in the United States Senate. If the fiscal policy of the President is not halted, it will lead to printing: press money or to wartime taxes, one or the Senator EUender (D-La.) said he doesn't agree with the President. "I just wish we had more men of Harry Byrd's type in the Sen- EUender said. "If we don't bave some economy in government, we're going to be headed for fi- nancial bankruptcy." Constituents Guide In a formal statement on the in- cident, Byrd said: "I owe my al- legiance to my constitutuency in Virginia. So long- as I remain In iie Senate, I will vote as my con- science dictates and to represent the wishes of my constituents." Byrd's friends said the Presi- dent's crack probably will make the Virginian more solid than ever with the voters of his state. They Jsually resent outside interference their choice of officials. If any serious purge attempt seemed like- y, Byrd would be almost certain o seek return to the Senate when lis present term expires in 1952. Je has been talking of retiring at hat time. The Byrd incident was regarded as demonstrating a new irritation >n the part of the President at hose within his party who do not go along with his legislative_ pro- operation with the mounted police and Hudson's Bay Company. But in the event of attack, burden of defense would fall on regular military units. The Cana- Claims 4tn Victim dian defense department cently said troops coult moved swiftly in case of need to such important outposts as the Eldorado uranium Slave lake. mines near Hotel Squatter Gets 18-Month Sentence New City, N. com- forts of Sing Sing prison await Rob- ert Palloy, 49, who says he had Laverne Kowalewski bought thejto wash with seltzer water and Hale Stow, manager of Winona County tract index office. The property j was entered July 22, 1855 by. Samuel E. Cotton. In 1888 H. M.-Bierce, a real es- tate roan, broke it into lots. The lot in. question was sold to Schools Linus B. Wilbur. In 1890 it was sold to Charles F. Thomas, 1906 to Albert Gerson, 1912 to John Weis, 1926, Laurence Pellowski, 1946, to J. I. Harrington who now lives in Homer. After one month's possession he sold it to Laverne Kowalewski. A sentence of from 18 to 36 months was imposed yesterday by Rockland County Judge Robert Doscher on a burglary charge. Palloy spent two and a half months as the lone occupant of the Bader Hotel, Clarkstown, N. Y., former County Superintendent of where the water supply was shut off. Harry Bader, the hotel owner, found Palloy sleeping in a blanket hours ending at 12 m, today: under the hotel stairs. 'Police said Palloy, a former employe of the told them he entered the ho- tel through a cellar window early in January, and lingered on. La Crosse, two-car automobile crash Saturday night claimed its fourth teen-age victim last night. Latest to die of crash Injuries was Adolph Gald, 17; Readstown high school track star. Other victims were Julia Bolstad, 17, and Philip Heal, 14, both of Readstown, and Dorothy Henderson, 14, of Boaz. Two other young people were In- jured. The accident occurred near Fol- som In Vernon county. Four of the young people were returning home from a music festival at La Crosse. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS "Winona and vicinity Pair and quite cool tonight, lowest 42 in city. and'39 in rural areas; Wednesday Tair and warmer, highest 65. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 Maximum, 41; noon, 64; none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 13.- ;