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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 10, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Clenrlnjr, cooler Innljrhl; cloudy continued cool Full Leased Wire Newi Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of IS HERE DimI 973 for the Best In Radio VOLUME 48. NO. 71 WINONA. MINNESOTA. MONDAY EVENING. MAY 10, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES THE ALSOPS Best Jobs Saved for Democrats By Stewart Alsop is about time to take n second look at the portrait of the President officially painted for tho world. This portrait depicts a man whoso reverses have caused him to forget politics, and to think only of tho Job in hand, Tho Presi- dent, It is said, Is running for re- election by tending exclusively to tho national knitting, without any of thoso little, compromises, dodges or special arrangements which are customary when politicians have their eyes on tho ballot boxes. Unfortunately, the record is in accord with the portrait, as three recent Incidents, all In spheres of vital policy making, all too clearly indicate. The most recent of those Major General John H. Hilldrlngj as "special adviser to tho secretary Truman Seizes Railroads Six Swift Workers Here Beaten in Outbreak of Meat Strike Violence Firm Blames Pickets From Outside City Reward of is Offered for Assailants Identity thls nr on Palestine, the American Zlon- Flvo men wcre, beaten up to the have conducted a powerful company yard shortly alter 5 a. m. double drive, to secure the dlsrols- "pickets sal of officials In the State depart- armed with clubs and rocks. ment whom they regard as enemies, The first outbreak of violence. In and the appointment of men they the strike peaceful to oc- conslder friendly. They were within curred late last night or early this their rights In so doing. Tho Presl- morning when George Auzman, 64, dent was eciually within his rights 276 Center street, assistant plant In desiring that one of his Palestine superintendent, was beaten as he advisory staff should command the walked up the steps of his home. He confidence of the Jewish leaders, was unable to identify his attack ers and was not able to give THE WAY IN WHICH Htlldrlng coherent account of the Incident named, however, Is reminiscent The injured man was taken to Wi of the most unfortunate earlier nona General hospital after he presidential ventures In free-wheel- wandered into the Elk's club In ing policy making. Long prior to dazed condition. the appointment of General Hill- Auzman suffered deep cuts about drlng, tho Whlto House proposed his face and chin, a possible broken to Secretary of State George C. jaw, and possible Internal injuries Marshall that Hlllclrlng bo brought Officials of Local 305, United back into the Sttite department, packinghouse Workers of America Both Marshall and Under Secretary who represent 145 workers Robert Lovott showed little cnthu- at tho Swift plant here, have denied slasm, tactfully expressing doubts blame for the beatings. as to HHIdring's availability because Armed With Tear Gas of his poor health. So far as they The beating of the five men this know, nothing further was being morning took place within the yard done in tho matter. gates shortly after 5 a. m. and Just Yet meanwhile emissaries of the minutes before a squad ol 27 police Whlto House, among whom David K. Nlles apparently figured, .were Independently urging Hllldrlng to accept tho post. In the end, Hill- tiring gave his consent; his ap- pointment was gazetted, and Secre- tary Marshall and Under Secretary Lovett learned thoy had acquired a now Palestine morning paper. adviser from the IT IS OF COURSE within the President's power to alter American ulu Ioren Palestine policy ngnln. Certainly the Up and bruIseSi patrolmen in five patrol cars, led by Chief A, J. Blngold, arrived at the plant gates. The police were armed with tear gas, riot guns, and pis- tols, k The fight in the .yard broke out after one of the company foremen, Leonard Moore, 657 East Howard street, drove through the picket line The men rushed into the yard and grabbed Moore after he stepped out of the machine. In the ensuing the foremtfn suffered a cul present hklcous and dangerous mes. is all but Impossible to defend. The trouble is that Palestine policy, such as It Is, has not really been chanced by tho Hllldrlng appointment. The net result of tho appointment, or rather ot the method of the appoint- ment, has merely been to create tho impression of ftizzlness. lack of and uncertainty of purpose Nothing could haxo been more risky. Nothing could have been more un- just to Secretary Marshall. And In the last analysis, nothing could have to the Zionists, been thrown a political sop In the form of Hill- clrlng, and havo thus been encour- been more unjust who have simply nged to feel false hopes. In a rather different way, the President's awareness of what is orten wrongly regarded as practical politics has also lately been mani- fested in tho conduct of the Europ- ean Cooperation administration. first effort of tho White House to name a any1 Four other workers were hurt when they went to the aid of their companion. Others beaten Edward A. Vondrashek, 673 were East Sanborn street, a guard: Matt J. McCormick, 155 West Fourth street, a clerk; John McFarland, 4C7 Kan- sas street, a guard, and Joseph J. Newman, Minnesota City, also a guard. All were given emergency treatment at the plant. More than 150 pickets roamed the street In front of the plant after 5 a. m. Some had arrived before dawn. The pickets, according to the police chief, armed themselves with clubs and rocks, but "ditched" them on arrival of the riot squads. Presence Police Stand Guard at the Winona plant of Swift and Com- pany here after violence broke out this morning in the nine- weeks old strike of packinghouse workers. Five men were beaten this morning and ono late Sunday In the first outbreak of violence In the heretofore peaceful strike. Five prowl cars loaded with 27 police patrolmen, who were armed with tear gas, riot guns and pistols, arrived on the scene at a. only a few minutes after five workers were beaten up on com- pany property. The officers -spread out for a block on both, sides of the street and kept wary eyes on the 150 pickets until nearly 9 a. m. Strikers mingled with, the police, but no trouble occurred after police arrived. Strikers refused to be photo- graphed, telling the cameraman "there will be no pictures taken." They did not Interfere when the above two pictures were taken. Republican-Herald Democrat to tho administrator's post now occupied by Paul Hoffman. This was frustrated by Senator Arthur II. Vnnclcnberg, who Insisted on the choice of President's strong Hoffman. The feelings about of the officers brought a partial disbursement of the pickets, but they still stopped all cars attempting to enter the plant. The police did not nterfere. Cudahy Workers Blamed The chief said that the group In uded approximately 30 men from Newport, Minn., all workers at the George J. Auzman, above, as- sistant superintendent at the Winona Swift Company plant and the employe with the long- est continuous service record here, was the victim of a mys- terious beating sometime after midnight last night as he walk- ed up the steps to his home. He has 39 years of service. As a result of the beating Auzman is a patient at the Winona Gen- eral hospital. E. C. A, appointments wero further disclosed otter Hoffman had been chosen and confirmed. Tho White, House tried to Induce Hoffman to] take nominees of Its own for several key Jobs. Including that of European timbassador-at-liU'gc now occupied by Avcrell Harrlman. And when Hoffman proposed as his deputy administrator one of the ablest members of the President's own subcnblnct, Under Secretary of Commerce William Foster, the President replied that he would not appoint any more Republicans, IS the com- plex matter of the Atomic Energy commission nominations. It Is al- most impossible to admire any one behavior on this issue, which In volves the future security of th United States, yet Is now shot wit politics. But it must be admlttcc that tho present row was tilmos openly invited by the President, H made no effort in advance of re nominating the members of thi A, E. C. to secure the support o tho two key Republican Senators Vandonbcrg and Bourke B. Hlcken- looper. Ho did not even consult with them. Then, when Senator Hlckcn- loopcr protested, tho White House planted a news story charging tho Senator with "political" motives creating a sharp grievance. Trouble inevitably followed. The sorry result It that the very scientists who most want Llllenthal and his colleagues continued In office for full terms do not absolve the President of blame. They think, in fact, that ho remembered the pleasure of his former victory over the Senate on Llllenthal. They think he Invited a fight in the hope of re- peating this success. This sort of thing looks, pretty picayune, in a President of tho United States. Cudahy plant near there. Within a few hours after the beat- ings the company offered a cash reward for the apprehension and conviction of the attackers The reward notice carried the sig- nature of E. D. Fletchall, manager of the Winona plant. agcr; "Today a mob of goons, who were not recognized as being res- idents of Winona, invaded the Swift plant and severely beat a foreman, a clerk, and three plant policemen, who were seeking to BO on duty. "Swift and Company respects the right of peaceful picketing. (Continued on 17, Column 5.) SIX HURT Arkansaw Farm Boy Killed in Tractor Accident Durand, Wis. Fu- neral services were held at St. Joseph's Catholic church at Ar- kansaw today for David Auth, seven-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond P. Auth, Arkansaw far- Jews Drive Arabs Off Supply Route Jerusalem Two Haganah brigades drove the Arabs off the Tel Aviv-Jerusalem supply route today and carried the raging fight into the Judean hills. The road itself, though still slash- ed by Arab barricades, is safe. The Haganah fighters scored their suc- cess at Bab El Wad, ten miles wes of Jerusalem. This reporter and three other newsmen walked through the moun- tain pass today. Sounds of fighting came from all four sides of us. anc occasional stray bullets whined above. A Haganah escort got within sight of the first layers of Arab stone- work across the road and refused o go on. "Wo haven't taken those hills he said, pointing to crests he dentifled as hills seven and 21. A reliable Jewish source pre- iously had said Haganah had oc- upied all strategic heights on both Korean Vote Heavy Despite Red Boycott S. occupied south Xorea voted heavily in a Russian- boycotted self-rule election today de- Segregation Issue Stymies Southern Universities' Pact Washington In a foretaste of civil rights battles to come, the Senate found itself all wound up to- day in the issue of southern race segregation. The immediate controversy re- Ides of Bab El Wad. The bitterest fighting or the Arab village of Beit Mahsir, ust over the hilltop from the high, my at its deepest point. The Haganah command said no ttempt has been made to capture e village, but merely to surround with mortar and machlnegun .t setting up regional uni- versities in the south. The compact is before the Senate as the final step in required con- gressional sanction. Although the House already has massed an approval bill, 236 to 45, Senate action, was stymied last (Thursday after half a dozen mem-i has beenlbers got into a spirited debate over' Bulletins Washington The su- premo court overturned 6-0 to- day an Ohio court decision which limited use of a church property in Columbus to white persons. of Kal- ser-Frazcr Corp., testified today that Detroit broken urged them to take part in the auto firm's stock deal last Feb- ruary. The Haifilc. the'Netherlands to the unoffi- cial Congress of Europe unani- mously adopted today a resolu- tion looking toward a federa- tion of nations on the contin- ent. Washington The agri- culture department today fore- cast this year's winter wheat crop at bushels. run over by a manure spreader on his father's farm Saturday after- noon. The spreader was being pulled by a tractor driven by David's older brother, Robert, 14. It was on the way to the fields with a final load about 3 p. m. Saturday when David asked Robert for a ride. The smaller boy got on tho seat and before the machine had moved far he fell beneath and a roar wheel of the preader passed over his head. The injured boy was rushed seven miles to Durand but was dead on arrival at a physician's office. County authorities recorded death as accidental and said no inquest was necessary. Funeral services were held at 10 a. m, today with the Rev. Joseph Lee, O. M. I. officiating and burial was in the Arkansaw cemetery. David is survived by his parents; two sisters, Audrey and Wanda and four brothers, Robert, Neil, Thomas and Richard, all at home. He was second grade pupil in the Ar- cansaw school and was to have re- ceived his first communion ia two weeks. strong points. The Arabs counter- ing but failed to dislodge the Jews. A British military source gave a different version. Jews attacked Beit He said Mahsir, 400 but that 600 Arab irregulars repulsed the attack. Further Arab reinforce- ments were reported brought in from Ramallah, north of Jerusalem. a move by Senator Morse Morse offered an amendment specifying that none of the proposed schools should apply entrance quali ficatlon based on race, creed or color Senator Holland ready ta take up the fight today, told a reporter this would be "the complete destruction of the compact because the states have constitutional pro- visions which ore binding on them.' The compact, agreed to earlier this year at a conference of Dixie gover- nors, would permit southern states to pool their finances to. create regional universities in the medical, dental, veterinary and similar fields. spite weekend violence and sabotag with a communist imprint which cost 73 lives. Two Koreans were slain in Seou today. U. S. Army reports indicated at least 20 others were killed else- where in sporadic outbreaks. Wire- snipping interrupted communica- tions from outlying districts. Police probably forestalled more serious trouble here. They confiscat- ed 50 home-made bombs and ma- ;erials for many more in the house of a well-known loeal communist. Undaunted voters turned out in arge numbers for the United Na- Jons observed election which brought loud threats from the Soviet zone. Associated Press Correspondent Frank L. White visited a ing places and found 80 per cent or more of the eligible voters had mark- ed their ballots by late afternoon. The long awaited election gave the people the chance to help choose the first popularly-elected government of this ancient and troubled land "Land of the Morning Calm." Kings ruled here; so have the Jap- But today most of the registered voters were picking 000 Peace Responsibility .aid to .World Mothers New for! >ence rests upon the mothers of the vorld, says the "American Mother 1348." Addressing persons at Mother's day program sponsored by le Salvation Army yesterday at the entral Park mall, Mrs. Helen G. Hines of Springfield, 111., declared: "If we are to have peace, we hould live according to the Golden ule." i their own assembly which in turn will establish .Korea's first Independ- ent government. Even1 though the balloting pro- ceeded with' comparative quiet, Seou uneasily awaited the close of the 12- hour election: New trouble was fear- ed tonight as ballot boxes are car- ried to central points to be counted. Unions Debate Going Through With Strike Army to Operate Lines; Way Open for Court Order Tru- man seized the railroads and put them under the Army today to avert the "tragedy" of a strike he said would hurt the whole world as well the United States. Hours after he acted, the- three big railroad brotherhoods which, had. called a walkout for 6 a. m. (local railroad time) tomorrow were still debating whether to eo through with it anyhow. There were growing signs, however, that a strike probably bad been beaded off. Alvanlcy Johnston, chief of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi- neers, said there would certainly be no strike il the government got a court order against one. Some rail- roads were tentatively making plans to go ahead, with, operations. Seizure ol the roods opened the way for the government to seek an anti-strike court order, if it decided one was advisable. Johnston made his statement the effect of a court order as he was going into tho White House for another round of con- ferences with, railroad, management men. Presidential Assistant John R. Steelman is still seeking to settle the wage dispute, despite seizure of the roads. The rule and wage (strike) com- mittees of the three brotherhoods, stayed in session at the Hotel Ham- ilton while Johnston, David Robert- son of the firemen and ongincmcn, and A. J. Glover, Jr., of the Switch- men's union went to tho Wliite House meeting. Johnston was asked what the brotherhoods would, do about their scheduled strike II the government does not get a court order. He said the committees ol the three unions would, decide that. Strns Order The President signed a seteuro order two minutes before 11 a. m. Inun effort to bar a strike. The order places operation of the trains under direction of the U. S. Army. Mr. Truman appealed to all rail- road workers to stay on their Jobs. "I call upon every railroad work- er to cooperate with the government by remaining on the seizure statement said. T call upon, the officers of the railroad labor organizations to take (Continued on Page 17, Column 4.) RAILROADS Major General Edmund H. Leavey, above, was named today to run the country's railroads after President Truman signed a seizure order today. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Lewis Sets Date Coal Parley Date Washington John L. Lewi' today gave hard coal operators a end 60-day notice of intention to ;he T7.M.W. contract covering 000 anthracite miners. Lewis told the producers that he ___ -_ __ wants a new contract for the United I barreled slap. Sen. Tehan Wins Badger Democrat Control Clash Milwaukee State Senator Robert E. Tehan of Milwaukee, Democratic national commlttceman tor Wisconsin, had complete con- trol of the state organization to- day. Delegates to the Democratic na- ;ional convention re-elected Tehan to the national post by an over- whelming margin Saturday. At the >ame time they gave Charles P. jreene, the state chairman who had ought to unseat Tehan, a double- Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Clearing and a little cooler tonight; lowest 40. Partly cloudy and continued cool Tuesday: highest 55. Minnesota: Partly cloudy extreme north and mostly cloudy central and south tonight and Tuesday. Con- tinued cool. Light to heavy frost northeast tonight. Wisconsin: Cloudy south and considerable cloudiness north to- night and Tuesday with occasional rain extreme southeast tonight. Continued cool. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 58; minimum, 43; noon, 46; precipitation, .03. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 48; minimum, 43; noon, 46; precipitation, .05; sun sets to- night at sun tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. MIn. Prcc. Bemidji ..............58 39 Chicago..............66 43 Denver...............52 31 3es Moines Juluth...............62 ht. Falls.............53 Kansas City..........SB Los Angeles ..........72 Miami................80 Mpls.-St. Paul........55 New Orleans.........85 New York............65 Seattle ...............57 Phoenix ..............84 Washington 45 40 32 Gl 52 68 45 70 57 46 52 61 25 1.56 .11 T .63 1.09 .05 .15 Mine Workers by July 10. He asked for wage conferences to begin May 20, unless a later date is mutually agreed upon. The hard coal industry has been operating since 1946 under a con- tract carrying no termination date, but allowing either party to give 33 days notice of termination when- ever desired. 60 was Taft-Hartley labor act requirement that a party wanting to end an agreement allow that much time. Lewis gave similar notice on April 30 to the soft coal operators, whose contract expires June 30. conforming to a Charles Ross, right center, presidential secretary, announces de- tails of President Truman's seizure of the nation's railroads today in a move to prevent stoppage of traffic. Newsmen at the White House mill about for the statement, (A.P, Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) LJ. S. Reich Agent Stabbed to Death Munich A U. S. Army in- vestigator'and. a German policeman were found shot and stabbed to death in a burned automobile today. A 16-year-old German prisoner they were taking to jail is being sought In the double killing. The name of the American agent was withheld, pending notification of his jfamily. After electing Tehan by a 19 vs to vote they asked Greene to re- sign as state chairman. When he refused they voted to take most of the party's state functions and man- agement out of Greene's hands by directing Tehan to set up a new Wisconsin voluntary organization. Victory for Tehan came during a tense and sometimes bitter four hour session behind closed doora That Tehan would emerge the winner be- come apparent at the outset when the delegates gave him a vote of confidence and condemned Greene for his "lack of cooperation." Winnipeg ............52 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change 12 Red Wing 14 Lake City Reads Dam 4, T.W....... Dam S, T.W....... Dam 5A, T.W...... Winona 13 Dam 6, Pool...... Dam 6, T.W....... Dakota Dam 7, Pool...... Dam 7, T.W....... La Crosse 12 7.3 10.1 6.6 7.2 5.7 6.8 7.0 7.9 C.O 8.2 fl.3 6.3 7.9 La Crosse Brewer Unions Veto Final Wage Offer La. Crosse, work- ers at two breweries involved in a wage dispute voted overwhelmingly n the negative Saturday to the qucs- ;ion, "Do you. favor accepting the final offer made by the employers." The vote, by members of local 181, Brewery Workers' Union, C.I.O., was 406 against and for, according to Henry c. Rule, commissioner of .he Wisconsin Employment Relations board, which conducted, the election. .2 .2 3. 2 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .6 .6 -2 Tributary Streams Chippewa at 2.5 Zumbro at Thellman.. 2.0 Trempealeau at Dodge. 1.1 Black at NcillsvilJe.... Black at Galesvillc 3.2 jj La Crosse at W. Salem 2.0 ,1 Root at Houston ......7.3 -j-i.i RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttcnbcrg) During the next 36 hours the Mississippi will continue foiling from St. Paul to La Crosse; south- ward from La Crosse there will be ittle change due to increased flow from smaller tributaries. The Root, the Kickapoo and the Cpper Iowa will show definite rises ;