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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, May 09, 1953

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Mild Tonight, Showers By Sunday Night River Stage (Flood 13) 24-Hour Today 7.46 .01 Year Ago 9.97 .47 VOLUME 53, NO. 70 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 9, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Van Fleet Urged for Indochi President And Mn. Dwight D. Eisenhower posed with his brother Milton Eisenhower and his family as the President arrived in State College, Pa., today for a visit with them. Left to right: Milton Eisenhower Jr., Milton's son; Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower; President Eisenhower; Mrs. Mil- ton Eisenhower; Mrs. Mamie Doud, the Presi- dent's mother-in-law; Milton Eisenhower and Ruth Eisenhower, Milton's daughter. Later in the day Ike and Milton got in 15 holes of golf and then headed for a well-stocked trout stream. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Allies Demand Details of Red Plan for Truce n 5-Nation Neutral Commission Proposal Studied By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM truce negotiators today asked question after question aimed at forcing the Communists to spell out in detail their compromise prisoner ex- change plan and said "we must know the answers" before the pro- posal could be considered further. Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr. told newsmen after the 32-min- ute session that his barrage of questions did not mean the U. N. Command had accepted the Red plan as a basis for negotiations. "We have nothing fixed on this matter at all. I'm just probing fcr the senior Allied dele- gate said. He said, "of course" there would be other questions to the Commu- nists on their new plan. Harrison's detailed questioning was centered on the Reds' pro- posal to have a five-nation neutral repatriation commission take cus- tody of the Red prisoners who refuse to return to commit- Federal Sales Tax Proposal Explored By STERLING F. GREEN HOT SPRINGS, Va. federal sales tax was being explored cautiously today by the nation's top industry executives as a pos- sible bolster for federal revenues if a recession should come. Members of the Commerce Department's Business Advisory Council, meeting in closed session here with Secretary of Commerce TODAY Weeks, conceded that so drastic a change in national tax policy could not be posed for immediate Mountains Won't Stop Commies By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The French High Command in Indochina might have avoided their present trouble if they had only had the advice of Mr. Ferguson.. The French gener- als relied on mountains to keep the Indochinese Communists out of the mountain-kingdom of Laos; so now the Communists are all over Laos and on the Siamese border as well. The great point of Mr. Fer- guson was that he knew all about mountains, and understood how un- reliable they are. But perhaps it will be better to begin the story of Mr. Ferguson at the beginning, which was on a rail- road platform in Toungoo, Burma, in the early hours of an autumn action. They also voiced, in private Escaped St. Cloud Reformatory Inmate Caught in 6 Hours ST CLOUD, Minn. Six hours after he fled St. Cloud Re- formatory, Calvin Steward was re- captured in a nearby 'swamp Fri- day night. Steward, 21, St. Paul, was taken by two reformatory guards whose curiosity was aroused when they saw a movement in the swamp. iUB, The inmate attempted to flee once conversation, the view that the j more but halted when the officers business outlook is highly favor-! fired into the air able for possibly a year ahead, The guards said _ Steward ap- and that any recession caused by j parently was hiding in the swamp Vietminh Kill 19 Train Passengers SAIGON, Indochina UP) Ele- ments of a Vietminh battalion at- tacked a civilian train Friday near Quang Tri in Annam, about 30 miles northwest of Hue, and killed 19 passengers, a French spokesman announced today. Ten of those kiEed were soldiers assigned to the train as guards. Fif- teen persons, including six soldiers, were injured. I I India C47 Crashes, Minnesota Woman Among 18 Killed By HAROLD K. MILKS NEW DELHI, India Air India C47 transport plane crashed in flames early today carrying 18 persons to their deaths. The vie-1 Urns included two a school teacher whose two com- j panions died a week ago in another tragic air crash. I The two American victims were identified as Miss Pauline Lehman, 26, of Mountain Lake, Minn., and Ramchand Watumull, 40, of Hono- lulu, an Indian-born member of a wealthy Hawaiian family. Their two-engined plane went down shortly after it took off here into a summer monsoon storm on a routine five-hour flight to Bom- bay. The crash came within a week after 43 persons, including three Americans, died last Satur- day in the crash of a British jet I Comet airliner near Calcutta. De j Miss Lehman and two of the Americans killed in last Saturday's tragedy had embarked on a pleas- ure-bound world tour after com- pleting exchange teaching assign- ments in Rangoon, Burma. dwindling defense outlays will be awaiting darkness to get out of mild and brief. the area. He fled white a member But the opinion was widespread Detail dig- -and is understood to be shared h to fi by some treasury officials-that ara e p present tax policy leans too heav- 1 __ Youth Con- ily on individual income and cor- porate taxes, which might drop sharply in a recession. Concealed Salec I servation Commission. It was the seventh escape from the reformatory since mid-April. The three men who got out then were later recaptured in Maryland. morning of 1941. In those months before Pearl Harbor, Toungoo was the training base of Gen. C. L. Chennault's Fly- ing Tigers. The general had been summoned to hold military con- versations with the British war cabinet's special representative in the Far East, the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Duff Cooper. And on that particular morning, Gen. Chennault and one'of these reporters boarded the Burmese government's imperial state train gauge but painted cream color and crimson for this grave purpose. There was something a bit night- marish about the events of the first hours of the which is a dank proto-breakfast consisting of tea and a banana; the military conversations, which were prolonged, discouraging and almost totally inaudible, since the state train happened to be rattling over a particularly bad bit of road- bed; and the main or second break- fast, heavily featuring fried fish in a temperature climbing towards 102 inside the train. The nightmare might have gone on forever, if it had not been for Mr. Ferguson. Mr. Ferguson was the high com- missioner of the Shan States, and as such the virtual dictator of an enormous center of mountainous northwest Burma, full of cock- fighting, wife-murdering, favorite torturing, tax gouging Sawbwas, which is what the Burmese call their hill-rajahs. He looked more like a hangover from a primitive comic strip than a dictator, for he was a little, silver-haired, pink- faced, pot-bellied, skinny-shanked foxy grandpa of a man, fantastical- ly got up in jungle shorts, a white shirt with a semi-stiff collar and a flowing pink Buster Brown tie. {Continued on Page 5, Column 4.) ALSOPS One council member remarked But three others who fled last week that "corporation taxes are really after attacking the farm superin- concealed sales, taxes, since the consumer ultimately pays them." I still at large. tendent and taking his car are The council, an appointed group of more than 100 corporation heads which for 20 years has been advis- ing secretaries of commerce, dis- cusses the business outlook with Weeks at today's meeting in the Homestead Hotel, and also has on. schedule a talk by Vice President Nixon, and a question-and-answer session with him. The council yesterday threw its support solidly to President Eisen- hower's tough tax policy and his liberal foreign trade program. The members: 1. Officially and unanimously called for a one-year extension of the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act which expires next month, and decried all proposed acts of Con- gress which would violate existing tariff agreements. Balanced Budget 2. Unofficially but with seeming- ly equal unanimity, endorsed Ei- senhower's opposition to tax cuts until a balanced federal budget is achieved or in sight. The council's chairman, John D. Biggers, president of Libbey- Owens-Ford Glass Company, To- ledo, said the consensus was that "the reduction of expenditures and the balancing of the budget should be the primary considerations." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Fair and mild tonight. Sunday increasing cloudy and mild, possibly scattered thundershowers Sunday night. Low tonight 56, high Sunday 80, LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum, 58; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. Temp. 85 at p. m., min. 54 at a. m. Broken lay- er of clouds at feet, visi- bility 15 miles, wind 15 to 20 miles per hour from south south- east, barometer 29.86 falling, hu- midity 34 per cent. Retired Farmer, 105 SCHENECTADY, N. Y. Nicholas Dentz didn't want a fuss just because it was his 105th birth- day anniversary. So the celebration was limited yesterday to a cake and a few family gifts, Dentz, a retired farm- er, has been confined to bed for the last four months. nism. What About Vets? "How would decisions reached? Majority vote? Is there a Harrison asked the Com- munist negotiators. The Reds, in their sweeping, eight-point proposal to settle the____________w__... prisoner last major j The young Minnesota school block to a Korean armistice, pro-! teacher, who had started the trip posed that the commission consist alone with a tour of India, had of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, India and Harrison indicated the U. N. Command will not accept the Reds' proposal that eventual dis- position of prisoners who refuse to go home after "explanations" by their own side in neutral camps be left to a postwar political con- ference. 3 Die in Utah Airplane Crash MOAB, Utah men were killed when an airplane crashed and burned three miles from Moab last night. The bodies were burned beyond recognition, but the three were be- lieved to be John H. Hershey and C. Kenneth Hicken of Salt Lake City, and Ron Johns, oil editor for the Denver Post. In Salt Lake City, Harlon W. Bement, Utah aeronautics director, said the plane was identified from a serial number on an unburned portion of the wing as belonging to Hershey. Mrs. Hershey said her husband1 left Salt Lake City Friday after- noon with Hicken and Johns as passengers. A Tree Trimmer, knocked unconscious when he came in con- tact with a power line, dangled by his safety belt about 30 feet in the air at Omaha, Neb.', while two rescuers give what help they could while waiting for the power to be shut off. The tree trimmer, James Emery, 28, is at upper left. Helping support him is Fire Department Rescue Squad Captain Ed Thilliander, white shirt. Carl Barowski, another tree trimmer, gives support with a pole from another tree. All three men are of Omaha. Emery regained consciousness while still in the tree and was in danger of contacting the live wire again while threshing in pain. He was hospitalized with burns but was reported in good condition. (AP Wirephoto) Plane Symbol (1) locates approximate point where an Air India C47 transport plane crashed in flames shortly after taking off from New Delhi on a flight to Bombay. Eighteen persons, including three Ameri- cans, were killed just a week ago when a British jet Comet airliner (2) crashed just after a takeoff from Calcutta, for New Delhi. (AP Wirephoto Map to The Republican- Herald) been scheduled to meet her two Jean S. Cohen of Baltimore. Md., and Miss Anita Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, one of Hitler's top World War II1 generals, received flowers and congratulations at Allmend- ingen, Germany, after being freed from war crimes custody. Von Manstein, who served eight years of a 12-year term for atro- cities committed by German troops under his command in Russia, has been under medical parole at Allmendingen since an eye op- eration last August. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Report Debt Limit Must Be Increased Disturbing to GOP WASHINGTON Republicans expressed dismay today at Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey's statement that the budget can not be balanced next year and that the 275 billion dollar limit on the national debt may have to he raised. Few wanted to discuss on the record what this did to hopes tor a tax reduction soon. But one GOP member of the tax-writing Senate Finance Committee told reporters who sought comment: "Gentlemen, that's a damned unpleasant subject." Another Republican senator said he had "heard rumors" Hum- phrey's Treasury Department was drafting a tax message to Con- gress. But he said he did not know what was hi it. Rep. Taber chairman of the House Appropriations Com- mittee and long a leader in budget- cutting drives, said he still has hope the budget can be balanced in the year starting July 1. "I believe we can convince them (administration officials) it will be Taber said. uray (R-Mass) said he does not believe was "awaiting them in a i the debt celling will have to be gers, five were crewmen. Airline officials said the fire ap- parently broke out in an engine shortly after the Douglas-built transport lifted into the air. Flames swept back over the plane as the pilot attempted to make an emergency landing. WMs er of BerkeTy, House Speaker Joseph Martin iniui-n-i wi .1 Ka Hoac inrtr holiouw last Saturday. She was a' hotel lobby when she heard of their tragic deaths. The other dead in today's crash were listed as three German engi- neers, a Briton, a Dane, a Thai- lander, a member of India's par- liament and other Indians. Thir- teen of those aboard were passen- gress has passed on all appropria- tions. Chairman Bridges (R-NH) of the Senate Appropriations Committee said he has not given up hope of a balanced budget in the new fis- cal year. Humphrey made his statement to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, considering the for- eign aid bill for the new fiscal year. It followed by a few days President Eisenhower's remark that a review of the 1954 budget The" pla'ne fell like a streaking I indicated income could not be ball of fire just three miles from balanced with outgo. New Delhi's Palam Airport. It hit the ground at the edge of a crowd- But the Treasury secretary went further. He was quoted as saying ed Indian bamboo hut village. j at the closed hearing that the bud- The plane was a blazing heap of get should not be balanced because rubble by the time emergency crews from the airport could reach Woman Killed in India Fulbright Pupil MOUNTAIN LAKE, Minn. UPI Miss Pauline Lehman, Mountain Lake woman killed in an India plane crash early today, was on her way home after spending a year in Rangoon, Burma, as a Fulbright exchange student. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Quen- tin C. Lehman, Mountain Lake, first heard the news of her death this morning while listening to the radio. The family heard a report of a plane crash in India Friday night on a broadcast but Mrs. Lehman said they were not worried because Pauline was supposed to have ar- rived in Cairo on an earlier plane. Pauline, 25, was a graduate of Mountain Lake high school and Bluffton, Ohio, college. She also attended Mankato Teachers college and later taught junior high school science at Devils Lake, N. Besides her parents, she is sur- vived by two brothers, Roger, a student at the University of Min- nesota and Charles, at Mountain Lake. The Lehmans operate a hotel in Mountain Lake. that would mean cuts endangering the nation's security. ivil Defense Should Use Draft System, Belief WASHINGTON governor of Indiana says service for Civil Defense should be enforced by something like the military draft. As it is now', Gov. George Craig declared last night in a radio interview, "We have, in my judg- ment, no Civil Defense worthy o) that name." Gov. G. Mennen Williams of Michigan, on the same program, said the voluntary system should be given a chance. But Williams said the program should receive greater congressional support and the Civil Defense Administration should be put on a level with, for example, the Departments of the Army and Navy. New Dim Fireman, 90 NEW ULM, Minn. Ulm has an "old firehorse" who refuses to be put out to pasture. The only concession Fred Pfaen- der has made to his advanced years was to take a somewhat job with the New Ulm Volunteer Fire Department. Pfaender, who will be 90 in Oc- tober, is right there, Johnny-on-the- spot, whenever the siren sounds. Would Train Native Troops To Fight Reds General 'Good Man' To Head Mission, Sen. Knowland Says By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Know- land (R-Calif) suggested today that Gen. James A. Van Fleet would "make a good man" to head a U. S. military mission to train native anti-Communist troops in Indochina. Knowland, who heads the Senate GOP Policy Committee and is a. member of the Foreign Relations Committee, said he does not be- lieve Van Fleet's obvious differ- ences with Gen. Omar N. Bradley over Korean policy should make any difference on such an assign- ment. Van Fleet, who led troops in Korea for 22 months, has said the war ought to be pushed to a de- cision because, he maintains, con- ditions there are more favorable to the Allies than to the Commu- nists. Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, has said an all-out aggressive move might touch off the wrong war at the wrong time in the wrong place. The Eisenhower administration has earmarked 400 million dollars in proposed new foreign aid funds for use in financing the training, equipping and even paying of troops fighting the Reds in Indo- china. Sptcial Aid This is in addition to 60 million dollars in special aid Harold E. Stassen, the mutual security direc- tor, said yesterday has been trans- ferred to the French government out of foreign aid money. Stassen said the French would use the money on their home finances, thereby releasing funds for Indo- china use. Stassen's announcement empha- sizing the administration's concern with Indochina was followed later in the day by a joint statement from President Eisenhower and Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent of Canada. They declared that Red aggres- sion in Laos, the Indochina state being invaded by Vietminh forces, casts doubt on Communist peace gestures elsewhere. The statement wound up two days of conference between Eisenhower and St. Lau- rent and their top aides. Knowland said he believes that, while the French might insist on retaining authority over the Indo- china training program, he be- lieves Van Fleet could head a mili- tary mission which would actually get the job done. "He seems to be one man with the drive and initiative to train native the California eena- tor commented. "He certainly did an excellent training job of that kind in Greece and Korea." Sen. Byrd an armed services committee member active in an investigation of Van Fleet's charges of ammunition shortages in Korea, endorsed the idea of sending the former 8th Army com- mander to Indochina. Secret Filet Byrd disclosed yesterday he had read, in secret Defense Depart- ment files, a September, 1950, let- ter signed by Bradley to the effect that for budget purposes it could be considered that the Korean in its third end by June 30, 1951. Byrd called this a "slowdown" order that prevented new orders for ammunition and equipment and said: "Bradley certainly would not have acted except ,ort higher authority and I have to assume that former President Truman was that authority." fast Germans, Czechs Plan Army of Million By TOM REEDY BERLIN West German sources reported today that Red- ruled East Germany and Czecho- slovakia have signed an agreement to organize a joint million-man army by this time next year. Details of the reported agree- ment were disclosed by the publi- cation which extracts considerable information from anti-Communist sources in the Soviet-controlled East Zone of Germany. The West German government's Ministry for All-German Affairs- regarded the report so important that its Berlin bureau issued copies in its own name. Archiv said the agreement was reached March 14 in Karlovy Vary, Czechoslovakia, by Will! Stoph, East German interior minister, Gen. Vincent Mueller, a former Nazi who is now chief of staff of the .East German Army, and three unnamed representatives of the Czech government. The publication said a Soviet Marshal Govorov also was present. The U. S. High Commission's newspaper in Berlin, Neue Zei- tung, reported March 22 that East Germany and Czechoslovakia had agreed, to a system of exchanging military information and training that had been worked out in Czechoslovakia by Soviet Marshal Leonid A. Govorov, commander of Russia's Leningrad front during World War II. According to Archiv, the eral terms of the agreement re- portedly provided for: 1. A goal of a million-man force by May, 1954. 2. Co-ordinated military training, with the exchange of Czech and East German officers in groups of 300 each. 3. Training of East German and Czech officers at the Soviet Mili- tary Academy in Moscow. 4. Assignment of 100 Soviet offi- cers now on duty in the two coun- tries to teach the courses at the academy in Moscow. 5. Co-ordination of both forces in the use of Soviet weapons and .ammunition. 6. Interweaving of transport sys- tems of both countries. Archiv quoted its informants ai saying that the net result of the pact may be the formation of a mutual alliance for defense. ;