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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy, Colder Tonight; Saturday Fair River Stage (Flood 13) Today (noon) 9.90 745 Year Ago 10.18 .33 VOLUME 52, NO. 71 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 9, 1952 TWENTY PAOfS Force Planned to Free Gen. Dodd Sen. Pat McCarran, -left, chairman of the Senate judiciary committee, this morning announced to newsmen the eight to four confirmation by his group of the nomination of Judge James McGranery of Philadelphia to be attorney general. Sen. Homer Ferguson, right, announced he would continue his fight against McGranery on the Senate floor. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Mother Dying Found by Daughter After 34 Years By EDITH WILLEMS Associated Press Field Correspondent WARROAD, Minn. Anton Isakson is looking forward to Foreign Aid Clear Issue For Campaign Ike Warns Billion Dollar Cut Would Endanger Security By JOE HALL WASHINGTON aid was a clear cut Republican presi- dential campaign issue today with the two leading contenders for the nomination on as sharply split over the amount needed to finance the program successfully. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, agreeing with administration lead- ers, said congressional proposals to cut foreign aid by one billion dol- lars would be "seriously felt." A greater cut, he said, might en- danger U. S. security. Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio promptly replied that a cut of even two billion dollars in the 000 asked for the next fiscal year starting July 1 "would in no way endanger the program or the se- curity of the United .States." Taft Disagrees Taft told a news conference in Hartford, Conn., that he flatly disagreed with Eisenhower's views, expressed in a message to Sen. Connally chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. As the Senate Armed Services Committee today continued its own examination of the Foreign Aid Bill, Sen, Flanders (R-Vt) said ad- ministration leaders much prefer the proposed Senate method of cut- ting the bill to the one proposed by a House group. Aviation Gas Shortage Hits Oil Workers Still Far From Agreement Tears Of Joy Flowed today as Eliezer Lewin, 11, flew in from Israel and was reunited in Louisville, Ky. with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Lewin, from whom he was separated in war- ravaged Poland seven years ago. Here he gets a kiss from Mina, his five-year-old sister. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) The Senate Foreign Committee voted last Mother's Day this Sunday with mixed mother after a 34-vear search. found her TODAY U. S. Air Defense Costly But the Warroad woman's happiness turned to sorrow shortly after the discovery. Doctors said her mother is a cancer victim. They give her about a month to live. The story of the separation and subsequent search begins in 1910 at Greenbush, in Roseau County. A Polish family, the Rybakow- skis, lived in rural Greenbush un- j til death claimed the father in that year. Mrs. Rybakowski found it i necessary to move into the vil- j lage to find work and support her By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP five children. I A year later, in need of more i money to provide for the growing i youngtsers, Mrs. Rybakowski mov- j ed to Beach, N. D. Another year struggle became WASHINGTON -One of the sin- ister symptoms of our times is the way that the greatest issues of na- tional policy either get lost in the political shuffle or are hidden un- der the fustian cloak of of- ficial secrecy. Take, for example, the matter of the air defense of the United is vir- tually nonexistent at present. On the one hand, one of the two or three dominant facts in the world's strategic picture is the atomic bomb, which may before long become the hydrogen bomb, in Soviet hands. Both the Soviet atomic stockpile and the Soviet power to deliver atomic weapons to distant targets are constantly growing. The danger to this con- tinent is not j-et really imminent but it is likely to be very great indeed in two or three years' time. Picture Altered On the other entire air defense picture has been dramatic- ally altered by successful tests of new guided missiles and improved radar warning equipment. Where it was nearly impossible, until this year, to defend the United States against atomic air attack, it is theo- retically possible to do so today. But we are not doing it. It will take at least two or three years. And if the effort is not begun im- mediately, the theoretically possi- ble air defense will not be ready when the Soviet atomic danger reaches the stage of being a day- and-night threat to every American. Here is a great issue of national Authorities approached Mrs. Ry- bakowski in October, 1912, and per- suaded her to allow the four older children to be placed in a James- town, N. D., orphanage. The mother was led to believe the ar- rangement would be only tempor- ary. Children Separated But shortly afterward, two of the older children Bernice (now Mrs. Isakson) and her brother, Albert were placed in homes. They were to work until they be- came of age to strike out on their own. Two other children were adopted. Bernice, then the eldest at 12, went to a home at Edgerly. A few years later, while returning from a circus she attended, she met her brother Albert. The two managed to maintain contact after that reunion. But they were un- able to find the other two children, or the baby who had remained with their mother. When she turned 18 in 1S18, Mrs Isakson began the search for her Flanders told a reporter that De- fense Secretary Robert A. Lovett gave this opinion in closed-door testimony before the Armed Serv- ices Committee yesterday. Relations week to slash a billion dollars off the bill. u distributed this evenly over the various allotments for all parts of the world. Aid to Europe Cut The House Foreign Affairs Com- mittee Tuesday knocked off Truman's requested program, but made all of this re- duction in Europe. Commenting on the Eisenhower cable Chairman Russell (D-Ga) of the armed services group and a Democratic presidential nominee candidate, told a reporter he want- ed something more definite from the man he called "the principal architect of the mutual security plan." Russell himself sent a cable to Eisenhower just before Connally released his exchange with the general yesterday, asking if Eisen- hower believed the voted by the Senate Foreign Re- lations Committee was "adequate to the job of building the defenses of the free world against ag- gression." Glamorous Civil War Spy's Grave Claimed by South WISCONSIN DELLS, Wis. tf) Belle Boyd, glamorous Confederate spy of the War Between the States whose grave for more than 50 years has received tender care in the heartland of her one-time ene- mies, rests again today beneath the stars and bars. On this 107th anniversary of her birth, the banner of the South was placed on her grave by Edward New U. S. Atomic Gun Accurate, Devastating NEW YORK, An atomic gun developed by the U.S. Army was described last night as an ac- curate and devastating weapon, providing field commanders with tremendous "finger-tip" fire power heralding a new era in the wagingmf war.. The description of this country's first atomic' artillery gun that can "hit its target under any weather conditions and give Korea-Bound Soldier Saved From Suicide SEATTLE UP) A 21-year-old soldier who said he would "rather die here than in Korea" was pre- vented from doing so late last night when he was dragged from a precarious loth-floor perch on the outside of a Hotel Olympic fire oegan me searcn ipr ner i Milwaukee, at the bequest m0jther_w_ earnest. She had been EUiott Gray chapter 177 the United Daughters of the Confed told her mother died, but she re- policy which has not even been publicly hinted at. The simplest way to express the new possibilities of air defense is in terms of estimated percentages of destruction of enemy aircraft attacking the United States. The Air Force chief of staff, Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, formerly maintained that we could never destroy more than 30 per cent of the attackers. The terrifyingly fee- ble existing air defense system fused to believe it. She found no proof of her mother's death and continued her checking. By 1920 she had found the two other children she and Albert couldn't locate and the four chil- dren all joined efforts in the search. They found a family at Beech that remembered Mrs, Rybakow- ski. But, they told the children, Mrs. Rybakowski had remarried to a George Johnson, and they had moved away. No one knew where. An appeal to the governor, ad- vertisements in newspapers and letters of inquiry were used in their hunt. But the children learn- ed nothing. Returning to Warroad in 1932, Mr, and Mrs. Isakson went to Greenbush seeking anyone who might add a bit of information. cannot achieve anything like this They found one old resident who level of kills, except perhaps in did. He suggested others who daylight and good weather. By might know more of the missing night and in bad weather. Soviet bombers could today fly over this country with relative impunity, al- (Continued on Page 17, Column 3.) ALSOPS mother's whereabouts. The chain of persons was checked and the trail led into Montana. Mr. and (Continued on Page 77, Column 2.) DAUGHTER eracy, Richmond, Va. Official ceremonies will be held on the federal Memorial Day when a UDC delegation -headed by Mrs. J. W. Phillips of Richmond will lay a wreath on the grave and officiate at formal flag raising the first time the flag of the Con- federacy ever was so raised over Wisconsin territory. Belle died in 1901 while on a lecture appearance here, where three regiments of the faiired Iron Brigade were raised. She was given a military funeral- by the local GAR post. Belle was captured by the Fed- erals several times, but escarped, and ended up in England where she fled to wed-a Union'naval officer. Later she returned and traveled about the country giving patriotic lectures. Her body went unclaimed fol- lowing her death and the GAR took over care of its resting place'. Earlier this year, Stluka called the South's attention to the grave in a letter to Virginia's Gov. John S. Battle, who asked the UDC to take a part in caring for it. escape. The soldier, who identified him- self as Pvt. Jack Madsen, 21, of Illinois had stood outside the rail- ing holding by one hand while police detective Don Sprinkle pleaded with him not to let go. Sprinkle kept talking, edging closer all the while. Madsen flexed his fingers as if he were preparing to let go. "He was wearing a gold wedding Sprinkle said. "I asked him if he was having trouble with his wife." "Stay the soldier said, 'I'm going to jump." Sprinkle kept i edging up. 'Clarence Owens, a bellhop, was closing in from the other side. "I'd rather die here than in Sprinkle said Madsen told lim nervously. "Come in and talk it over, Sprinkle said, "It isn't as bad as that." Then he grabbed the young soldier fay his arm. Owen pinioned his shoulders. The soldier broke down in a fit of tears, Madsen was turned over to mili- tary authorities. He was not regis- tered at the hotel. ground troops the kind of devasta- ting close support never before available ia from Army Secretary Frank Pace. Pace said the new weapon "is essentially an artillery piece but with immeasurably greater power than any artillery hitherto known." Such atomic weapons, he added, eventually will bring "significant changes" in the Army's traditional mission of closing with and destroy- ing an enemy. Pace's claims for the weapon came in a speech before a meeting of the National Wool Manufactur- ers Association. The weapon has been tested by the Army with non-atomic ammu- nition but official specifications of the gun remained a secret until; last night. Pace, in disclosing for the first time some of the weapon's speci- fications, gave this picture of the gun: It weighs about 75 tons but is iiighly mobile and is carried on a platform suspended between two engine cabs at its front and rear. It can travel at a speed of about 35 miles per hour on highways it can cross bridges "which DENVER of high- octane aviation gasoline today ranked as the most serious effect of the nine-day-old nationwide oil strike. There seemed little chance for immediate settlement. A possibility the strike may be extended was voiced in Denver by 0 AV Knight, president of the Oil Workers Inter- national Union The major hope seems to be a meeting May 13 between the Wag Stabilization Board and represent atives of 32 striking AFL, CIO and independent unions and manage ment of the struck refinery ant pipelines. The pinch on aviation fuel has been widely felt. Air France an nounced flights will be cut by 5C per cent unless the quota for trans Atlantic carriers is increased. The line has 20 flights weekly. Trans Canada Air Lines reduced sched ules of about 40 jdaily flights be tween Canada and New York, Bos- ton, Cleveland, Chicago am Seattle. A 30 per cent slash in aviation gasoline has been ordered by the government. On the bright side, the Petrol- eum Administration for Defense (PAD) suspended inventory limi- tations on stocks of home heating, diesel and residual fuel oil today in all of 26 states and part of four others. Inventory controls oa automobile gasoline and kerosene remain in effect in 43 states and the District of Columbia, President Truman aimouncec yesterday he is working hard for settlement. He said the situation Is not yet serious enough for him to invoke injunctive powers of the Taft-Hartley Law. Senate Passes 2 Bills Hiking Veteran Benefits Army engineers trained to build for Kohler Independent Union Joins CIO KOHLER, Wis. Wi-The Kohler Workers Association, one of Wis- consin's' best known independent labor unions, will affiliate with the CIO, its president declared yester- day. Chris Zittel said a meeting will be held Sunday night to accept a UAW-CIO charter, in line with results of the April 30 referendum which showed two-thirds of the KWA membership favored such affiliation. Old Bomb Unearthed LONDON clearing a blitzed area of East London scrap- ed up a bomb today and got ready to call demolition experts. Then they looked again. It was a 150-pound bomb dropped from a German Zeppelin during World War I, 35 years ago. divisional equipment." It can travel cross-country. It can fit into a landing ship designed for amphibious opera- tions. And it can fire with accuracy "comparable to conventional ar- tillery, and tests indicate it is much more accurate at long ranges." Pace also said that in addition to "tactical" atomic bombs being developed for use by aircraft, this country also is developing atomic artillery which can outrange the gun-type weapon. This development, he explained, involves "guided missiles and rock- ets to receive atomic warheads." Pace likewise disclosed that courses in atomic warfare are be- ing introduced in Army schools. Currently, he said, Army officers and some Army civilian special- ists are attending a school at San- dia Base, New Mexico, in a study of the use and characteristics of atomic armaments. Despite the building of new weap- ons of destruction, the Army sec- retary foresaw a continuing need for "many of our current conven- tional weapons." "So called 'fantastic weapons' there may he said, "but to rely on them alone for our protec- tion is not only fantastic, but fool- hardy to an extreme." Meanwhile, Pace said, the Army is seeking to "stock our arsenal with weapons rather than blue- prints." WASHINGTON tf) The Senate passed and sent to President Tru- man today two bills increasing veterans' benefit payments by about 202 million dollars a year. They are designed to meet cost- of-living increases since compensa- tion rates were last fixed. One of the bills would- make a 15 per cent boost in service-connected for veterans of all Vj tVian 5fl nor Gen. Francis Dodd WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy, somewhat colder tonight. Saturday generally fair, no im- portant change in temperature. Low tonight 46, high Saturday 60. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 61; minimum, 44; noon, 57; percipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page IT. wars who are more than 50 per cent disabled and a five per cent hike for those less than 50 per cent. Increase Pensions It also would increase pensions for non-service-connected disability to veterans of World Wars I and II and the Korean War' by S3 a month. Similar pensions going to veter- ans of the Civil War, Indian Wars and Spanish-American War would be boosted seven and one-half per cent. Some increases also were includ- ed for widows of veterans. The second measure would raise the income limits above which pay- ments cannot be made in non-ser- vice-connected disability and death pension cases. Dependent Claims Present limits are for a veteran without dependents or a widow without children and for a veteran with dependents or a widow with children. The new limits in the bill are and respectively. The two measures become ef- fective July 1 if signed by the President. The Senate different versions but conferees re- and House passed conciled them Tuesday. The House passed the compromise measures yesterday. Lt. Gov. Smith To Run Again MILWAUKEE Wl Lt. Gov. George M. Smith last night an- nounced his candidacy for re-elec- tion. Now in his second term, Smith said he would'seek the endorse- ment of the Republican party on the basis of his record in the 1949 and 1951 legislatures. Smith, who will be 40 Monday, was born in Montreal, Canada and came to the United States in 1941. He is married and the father of three children and manages the Not Running, Dewey Tells N. Y. Delegates NEW YORK Gov. Thomas E. Dewey declared anew yester- day that be is not a candidate for President. The 1944 and 1948 Republican nominee asked New York State's delegates to the GOP Nations Convention not to vote for him at any stage of the proceedings. Dewey told the delegates: "Everyone knows that I am for Gen. Eisenhower from the begin ning to the-end of this convention "But there has been a certain amount of scurrilous gossip in the newspaper columns that I was in truth a candidate for the nomina tion. "All of you know that I am no a candidate, because I said J was not. I ask each of you in casting your vote to recognize that I am not a candidate and that you will not vote for me for any office. "With that understanding, I am willing to have you go ahead and elect me chairman of the delega- tion." Dewey, an early supporter of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower for the omination, then was unanimously lected delegation chairman. Dewey claims that all but one of the state's powerful 95-member elegation will back Eisenhower. One delegate has declared for Sen. Robert A. Taft. Supporters of Taft say he will get at least 17 of New York's votes. Under state law, the delegates are uninstructed. The meeting of the delegates and alternates was followed last night by the annual SlOO-a-plate dinner of the Republican state committee at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. More than persons attended. Sen. Richard M. Nixon a principal speaker, called on GOP presidential aspirants to "publicly and unequivocally disavow" any claim to the power to seize any industry, except as the power is granted by Congress. He referred to President Truman's seizure of the steel industry. Anderson Approves Crackdown on Bars Selling to Drunks MINNEAPOLIS Gov. C. El- mer Anderson is on record for a crackdown on bars selling too much liquor to persons involved in drunken driving and traffic deaths. "Liquor establishments that serve drinks to those who already have had more than enough before going out to drive on our'streets and highways are not entitled to the licenses they the gov- ernor told the Minnesota Safety Council dinner here last night. Anderson said that liquor licens- New General Given Command Of Prison Camp Ridgway Demands Order Be Restored Immediately By. DON HUTH SEOUL WV- Gen. James A. Van Fleet said tonight he will use force if necessary "at an early date" to free Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd from Red war prisoners who seized him on Koje Island two days ago: At the same time, the U. S. Eighth Army chief announced that Dodd no longer was the commander of the unruly prison off the south- east tip of Korea. Van Fleet also ordered an investigation of the incident. Whether Dodd might be returned :o his command after release was not made clear by Van Fleet. New General The camp was placed under the command of Brig. Gen. Charles F. Colson "with full authority and command to handle the Van Fleet added. Van Fleet declared he never would give in to the Reds' "un- reasonable" demands for special ing bodies should pay more atten- tion to this matter, adding that "they have an obligation to pre- vent drunken driving right at the beginning." The governor said it will be in- teresting to watch progress of the case against a Minneapolis driver, now in jail following the death of 16-year-old Jean Hayes after she was struck by the prisoner's car Wednesday night. "Somewhere along the said the governor, "this driver got too much liquor. If it was in a public bar, the person who served him too many drinks is morally guilty of a part in killing that in- Bryant Wisconsin Co., Milwaukee, nocent young girl." Gen. Charles F. Colson jrivileges in return for the release Dodd. One thing that may be staying the hand of prison authorities now s that they do not know in what ent or building Dodd is being eld. While Dodd has sent out written, messages and has talked by telo- hone, authorities have been un- ble to trace the telephone line. It uns from an undisclosed spot The Reds set up the phone lines them- selves. Other Compounds Quiet Van Fleet said other com- pounds on the sprawling island were quiet. About Red pris- oners are being held there. He emphasized that the Eighth Army had taken "sufficient action to make available all means neces- sary" to free Dodd, but did not amplify his statement. An Eighth Army spokesman said Dodd "and Lt. Col. Wilbur Robert Raven of Newton, Tex., were seized while standing at the gate of a prison compflund talking to leaders of the Communist prisoners. "The gate was a wide the spokesman said. "Dodd was stand- ing in the center of the gate. "When the prisoners grabbed him, it was an organized mob and he was swept inside. "But Raven was standing beside a post of the gate. When the pris- oners grabbed him, he seized the post, held on, and by fighting and ticking managed to free himself. The post saved him, but Gen. Dodd had nothing to cling to." Treated Well The Army said Dodd has been jeated well by the Reds. He com- municated with guard posts outside the barbed wire stockade by Army :ield telephone and couriered mes- sages. Ee received American food while the North Korean POWs ate their usual bowls of rice both passed through from outside. Dodd relayed a Communist de- mand for sheets of writing paper and representa- side The paper was stacked out- the gate. But Brig, Gen. Charles F. Colson, newly named prison camp commander succeed- ing Dodd, allowed neither paper nor medic to pass through the gates. Instead, Colson demanded the Reds release Dodd forthwith. The North Koreans ignored the de- mand. Ridgway called the seizure of Dodd a "flagrant and fundamental defiance of United Nations author- ity." He said: "I have authorized and directed Gen. Van Fleet to take whatever action is necessary and to use whatever force is necessary to re- cover Gen. Dodd." ;