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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 5, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Clearing and cooler tonljfht, ThurjtUy fair, cooler. FM IS HERE Opening program p. m. Thursday Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Preu Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48, NO. 6? WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 5. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Unity of 3 Forces Hub Of Defense By Jodcph Alsop Congress seem Increasingly certain to flout th' President and Secretary of Defensi Forrestal In the matter of the 70 group Air Force. But tho importan point is that tho decision of Con Kress will not frcnulncly settle any- thing. Tho real difficulty, only in- directly reflected In the squabble over the correct size of the Air Force, Is tho continuing failure of tho services to agree on any unified strategic concept. Tho difficulty grows more acute, moreover, ns tho tlmo draws near Tor concerting security plans with tho western European union, Ameri- can production cannot casUy be stretched to provide arms for France, Britain and Benelux while- peace nmong the services is expensively (and unsuccessfully) brought by Stassen Takes 9 Ohio Delegates "balanced investment among naval and ground forces. nlr, THE SYSTEM of "a pistol ror the rat, a pistol for tho badger, a pistol for tho mole" is'slmplo to tho point of being simple-minded, but it Is also shockingly costly. And It will not bo easy, cither, to concert security plans with tho Western Union, when wo have no fully agreed long-rango security plans of our. own. What, then, is the real origin of this Inter-service row which is making a mess of all dc fonse planning? Tho npplo of discord is a slngl simple question: "Who shall hav tho main rolo In striking the knock out With varying degree of reluctance or enthusiasm, th services accept two points of doc trlno. First, another long war woul bring ruin to tho victor as well a to tho vanquished. Second, the crontlon of absolute weapons, such as tho atomic bomb, makes It prob- able, although by no means cer- tain, that another war can be shortened by striking an initial knock-out blow. It is therefore good gamble to plan on the basis of n minimum security force, plus n striking forco which would de- liver for tho knockout blow. T1IF. NAVY AUGL'ES that air bnsos on land aro rendered insecure by tho Soviet union's huge ground forces. Therefore the Navy pleads that planning for tho knockout blow must center around, or at least generously provide for, the con- struction of gigantic carriers cap- able of launching bombers of con- siderable size and range. Each such carrier will cost above 150 million. Its supporting task forco will cost ono billion or so more. No tactical answer has yot been found for the German long-range, high-speed radar-proof submarine, which is the core of Soviet naval strength. No hnvo weapons yet been devised tc protect tho costly carriers agalns really powerful air attack. None th less, the investment In the Nava Air firm Is currently almost as grea ns tho investment in tho Air Force Itself. Tho Army, whose corporate in- terests aro less endangered than the Navy's, takes a position closer Finance Unit Gets Oleo Repealer Vandenberg Ruling Is Reversed By 47-30 Senate Vote of the oleo tax repeal bill scored n victor] today as tho Senate voted 47 to 30 to send tho House-passed measure to the Senate finance committee. The Senate thus reversed the de- cision of its presiding officer, SenV ator Vandenberg The vote was on appeal by Sena- tor Fulbright to set aside Vandenberg's ruling that the bill should be handled by the agricul- ture committee. Backers of the margarine meas- ure have contended the bill would havo a better and quicker chance of winning approval if assigned to the finance group. However, senators on both sides said before the balloting that they did not regard today's vote as an ndlcator or the bill's final rate. Senator Milllkln is chairman of the finance committee- which now will study the measure. In debate before the vote, Pul-l >rlght said he had heard rumors that the agricultural committee would hold month-long hearings on :hc bill. He added that dairy in terests were reported to have 10 witnesses lined up to oppose it. He suggested it might never go back irom the committee to the Senate floor for a vote. GOP Draft Accord Conference Sought conference of Senate and House Republican lead- ers was proposed today to seek an agreement on defense legislation, in- cluding the proposed draft and uni- versal military training.- Senator Taft of Ohio, chairman of the Senate G.O.P. p'bllcy committee, took the lead.- He announced after a meeting of the committee: "I will see Speaker Martin and we will try to have a consultation on the mat- As things now stand, the Senate armed services committee and the he said, "there Is no disposition on the part of the rules committee to hold up the draft bill." Allen proposed authorizing 000 a year for a stepped-up recruit- ing program pushed by local organi- zations in their own communities. He said veterans' organizations and service clubs might be good sponsors. The plan would give recruits the option of enlisting for two or three years. At the end of their terms, the two-year men could claim bo-j nuses of each, and the three-! strike. Truman Still Hopes for Rail Settlement Mediation Chief Reports Collapse Of Negotiations Washlnrton The White House said today that President Truman still hopes for a settlement to avert the threatened railroad year men could get similar House group are working out lf preferred, they could sharply different manpower meas- advantage of the educational, Representative Leo Allen (R.-HI.) las come up with a plan to offer bonuses to volunteers and try to get ilong without a draft. Allen heads he powerful House rules commit- ee. That group has kept a unlver- al military training bill bottled up or nine months, Allen brought out his plan yester- day as a substitute for the straight two-year draft revival bill backed by Chairman Andrews (R.-N. Y.) of the armed services -committee. "II this is not received very way to do it." loan and other benefits of the "G.I. Bill.of Rights." In addition, the services would be required to accept recruits having a score of 70 or higher in the Army's general classification test. This test is to determine adaptability and abil- ity to learn. The services now turn down men scoring less than 80. The reaction ol Chairman Gurney (R.-S, D.) of the Senate armed serv- ices committee to Allen's, proposal was prompt and blunt. He said: "You cannot buy security. If you (want to Presidential Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said the President holds to that hope despite the col- lapse of efforts to mediate the wage dispute. Ross talked with reporters just before Frank Douglass, head of the National (railway) Mediation board, began a conference with Presidential Assistant John R. Steelman. The conference was for Douglass to report on the collapse of nego- tiations at Chicago looking to an agreement between representatives of the railroad brothers and of the carriers. This Is How The Site of the future United Nations headquarters on Manhattan's East Side looks today as wreckers proceed with demolition or buildings. In background is 59th street bridge. Sena- tor Irving Ives (R.-N. Y.) yesterday introduced a bill in Washington to provide a loan to the U.N. ror construction of the head- quarters. (A.P. Wircphoto to The Republican-Herald.) to that of the Air Force. Tho Army demands that plan- ning include provision for offensive effort on tho ground to take and hold nlr bases, on the North Afri- can coast for example. Finally the Air Forco asserts that after war begins, the knockout need involve neither powerful naval forces, nor even ground forces on nny great scale. What are wanted, according to tho Air Force, are prepared bases, sufficiently dis- tant to bo unreachable by enemy urmlcs for a few weeks at the most. From such bases, existing aircraft llko the B-20 and B-50 can reach tho vitals of the Soviet union. Des- pite their hasty production of Ger- man Jot fighters, Soviet air defenses nro considered decidedly weak, ow- ing to deficiencies In warning system, etc. A few missions, getting through successfully, can accom- plish the same destruction of the Soviet vitals that tens of thousands of B-20 sorties were needed to accomplish In Japan. Tho air bases may then be temporarily lost, But once the vitals have been destroyed, tho whole organism must grind to iin eventual stop. Such arc the conflicting concepts. Curiously enough they have bceni roughly reconciled on the lowo lovrl.i, even among tho planner of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. At th top. however, tho leaders of th services are so conscious of thi corporate interests they rcpresen that thero has been no real agree- mcnt. At Key West there was in- finite bitterness, the greatest tension yet nothing much more was ac- complished than to approve the status quo. But since the country has neither the funds nor the pro- ductive resources to allow each ser- vice, to Implement Its own conccpl to tho full, what we get Is simply n half-worthless compromise. Manitoba Town Inundated As Dam Bursts Mlnnedosa, Man. A flve- oot fall of water, released when a dam at the southern end or Lake ainncdosa burst surged through Ms small western Manitoba town ast night, sending residents scur- rying ror safety. Blasts from tho town whistle rarned the community's resl- ents to get out of the path of the ater. The floodwatcrs swept unchecked or two hours through the heart of ic town before the crest passed. No asualtles were immediately report- d, but damage was severe. Taylor Appeals Alabama Sentence Birmingham, con vlction of Senator Glen Taylor CD. Idaho) for disorderly conduct her last night was headed for highe courts today as a test of the state racial segregation laws. The vice-presidential candidate o Henry Wallace's third party wa condemned by Police Judge Oliver Hall as a publicity-seeker, then fined and costs and given 180 days in Jail. Judge Hall, however, stayed the sentence and placed Taylor on six British Guns Enforcing Holy Land Cease-Fire By tho Associated Press A truce enforced by British guns kept most of the Jews and Arabs In Palestine today from each other's throats. The Palestine government said a cease fire order for the Katamon quarter of southern Jerusalem had months' probation. The defense im- mediately filed notice of appeal. When notified In Peorla, ill., of Taylor's conviction, Wallace com- mented, "The sentencing of Glen Taylor makes certain the dcstruc- lon of the Democratic party. "No Wallace continued, 'can claim to be liberal and still tand for Jim Crow. Glen was not violating any law; he was upholding he basic law of tho land, the Con- tltutlon of tho United States." Stockhandlers Threaten Strike Chicago stock- yards, the world's largest, was wl. threatened today by a possible strike I committee as'a result of 400 CIO Stockhandlers in a department's refusal to turn pute over wages. Frank Monaghan. president of lo- VJodern Occupy Traffic Signal Glcndalc, Calir. (JP) These modern sparrows! A-sparrow, his bride and their four youngsters, born one week ago, are living lajig, alr-condl- tloncd, well-heated'apartment rn a traffic signal at a busy inter- section. The little family occupies the "Go" section of the signal and tho kiddles peep out from un- der maw's protecting wings now and then to view the exotic KTCCD light that flashes on and off every 30 seconds. Mr. and Mrs. Sparrow have tlic housing- situation whipped. The srccn llpht furnishes the heat, the signal arm whips up a- zephyr regularly and the city of GlcndnJc furnishes the rent. Birds that live In trees are out of date. been extended indefinitely. Truce negotiations for the entire city con- tinued. Outside Tel Aviv, the Jews said Arabs struck back at Jrgun Zval Leumi positions won in Yehudla. The Jewish army Haganah said the Jewish settlement of Naf tall, four miles from the Lebanon frontier, remained under shellflre. Officials In Beirut said no Lebanese guns were turned on the village. The hills of southern Judea were quiet again after skirmishes, A typhoid epidemic threatened Acre, where 82 cases were under care. The .hastily prepared their interim capital, at Sarona, just out- side Tel Aviv. Hebrew leaders were to choose secretly today a name for the little state whose Independence they will proclaim May, 16. The United Nations talked of an emergency regime for Palestine veering away from talk of partition upon which Russia and her satel lites insisted. The trusteeship coun- In reply to questions, Ross said he knows of no tangible evidence that an agreement can be worked out. He said that "There's still a possibility the proposed strike will be and that "the President has not given up hope." He added that until the last min- ute before a strike there Js "always a chance" for an agreement. He said Mr. Truman was clinging to that hope. At the same time he said he did not look for any important devel- opments today. He did not know whether representatives of the car- riers and brotherhoods would be called to the White House. Cabinet in Belgium Falls Brussels Premier Paul- Henri Spaak announced the resig- nation of his coalition government tonight. The cabinet had been In office since March, 1947. Differences over government subsidies for schools led to a government crisis. Spaak told newsmen he had seen the prince regent and that the re- gent would start consultations im- mediately with political leaders with the object of forming a new gov- ernment. Government attorneys say President has power to seize the the railroads. That would be a step of last resort. David B. Robertson, head of the Brotherhood of Firemen and. En- ginemen, said White House seizure "will not, settle the wage it will only irritate Jt." Jail-for-Reporters Bill Provision Seen Doomed Washington A swift test shaped up in Congress today over the idea of putting newsmen in jail for printing confidential informa- tion "leaked" to them from House or Senate committees. A bill containing that idea may 30 taken up in the House before the end of this week. But there appears to be little chance that the jail-for-reporters provision .will stick. At least two members, Represen- tative Brown (R.-Ohto) and Price snkl they will offer amend- ments to strike out the provision, and Speaker Martin (R.-Moss.) old newsmen "The press has noth- ng to fear from this Congress." The provision is part of a bin rafted by the House expenditures cil for safeguarding Jerusalem said Arabs and Jews finally had agreed to- a cease-fire order for the old walled city area of Jerusalem, rich in holy places of the Christian, Arab, Jewish and other religions. Eisler Deportation Delay Approved Washington Federal Judge T. Alan Goldsborough today approv- Vets Pace Florida Gubernatorial Initial Primary Jacksonville, couple of young World War II veterans who made their marks la politics before the war will face each other to a runoff for governor of Florida. They are Dan Mccarty, 36-year- old citrus grower and cattleman or Fort Pierce, and Fuller Warren, 42, a Jacksonville lawyer. They easily outdistanced all others n a field of nine candidates running or the Democratic nomination to yesterday's primary election, Which- wins the nomination In the econd primary May 25 Is certain Marshall Opposes Revising U.N. Without Red O.K. Secretary of State Marshall said today Russian leaders must be convinced the Soviet union can "live side by side in peace" with the western powers in the United Nations.. He made that argument In op- posing any drastic shakeup of the U.N. without Russian agreement. Such a step, Marshall said, prob- ably would destroy the organiza- tion and mean setting up rival mill- Togliatti Blames Catholic Bloc For Red Defeat Rome Communist Chief Palmlro Togliatti said today the in- tervention of Catholic Action in the recent Italian elections was the No. 1 cause of the communist defeat. Togliatti listed three most Import- ant factors. After Catholic Action hey were: The emergence of the Socialist Unity party (Moderate So- cialists) who won third place in the elections, and the loss of more than a million left-wing votes when com- pared with election returns of June, 1946. Togliatti's summary, presented to the central committee or the Com- munist was reprinted to L'Unita, the communist party organ, "The intervention of Catholic ac- he said, "was a propelling and directing force for the reactionary coalition. It was Catholic with bishops at the center, parish priests and the whole ecclesiastical was the sinew of the capillary Christian Democrat or- ganization.'.' Taf t Leads In 14 Other Contests 30 Remaining Delegate Seats Uncontested Columbus, last-minute swing of vote tabulations in Akron today cut to 14 Senator Robert A. Tart's probable delegate total In, the ballot battle over Ohio's 23 con- tested G.O.P. presidential votes. After trailing earlier, a Stassen man climbed into the lead over 8, Tart delegate with only four pre- cincts missing in yesterday's pri- mary returns from the 14th con- gressional district, which includes Akron. Stassen already hod -won one delegate place there among six cer- tain to be in Ms corner. He was leading in three other races for a possible total of nine. On nearly complete returns, Tnft had 11 delegates safely to his camp. His men led in three other races. TaTt predicted in Washington that he will go into the Philadel- phia, convention with the backing of 45 of the state's 53 delegates. That figure .includes the 30 he col- lected automatically when Stassen failed to1 enter candidates against them. Stassen Trails Returns from of the state's polling places in the state- wide contest gave: Ed D. Schorr. Tart candidate, and Car- rington T. Marshall, Stassen sup- porter, On the basis of the incomplete returns, Tart apparently had elected two delegates each in the sixth seventh 16th 18th (coal and 2lst (Cleveland) districts. He was credited with electing one delegate to the 22nd (Cleveland) district. Toft's men led one race each in the 14th 20th (Cleveland) and 22nd districts. Stassen apparently won two dele- gate races each, in the third, (Day- ton) and 19th (Youngstown) trlcts. He was credited, with tary alliances. Marshall appeared before the from the United States for alleged communist connections. Under a preliminary injunction granted by Goldsborough, the five persons will have to be given hear- ngs by examiners not connected with the immigration service inves- tigating and prosecuting branches. The injunction was sought by Lee Pressman and Joseph Forer, attor- neys lor the five. It is directed against Attorney General Tom Clark and Watson B. Miller, chief of the Immigration and Naturali- zation bureau. cal 44, CIO Stockhandlers union said the rank and flic last night unanimously approved a strike if the workers arc not granted "a sub- stantial wage increase." The fiict or the compromise In turn pnrnlyzes other essential efforts Not nearly enough has been done, for example, to secure use of the crescent of air bases reaching from Bengozi to Karachi, which are now the most important in the world; find this is because the services do not speak to the State Department with a strong united voice. Congress has at least recognized by implica- tion tho significance of the knock- out blow, and the need or a strong air forco for this purpose. But genuine unification has not come yot. La Crosse Dairy Head Succumbs La Crosse, WIs, Ralph W. Page, president of the Dolly Madison Dairies, died here yesterday. Page who managed the concern ho head- ed, was active In civic and fraternal organizations here. He is survived by his widow. over to tho un-American activities committee data It wanted for a loyalty investigation. Muscular Safecrackers Take in Coins New York got away with a haul here, but thoy had to do it the hard way. The robbers cracked a vending machine company's safe, scooped out the struggled away. The was in nickels, dimes and quarters, weighing 375 pounds. They loft behind an addltiona also In small coins and velghing 320 pounds. ocrats to Florida outnumber the Re- publicans 14 to one. With 793 of the state's pre- cincts reported, McCarty had 132 votes to Warren's. War- ren generally had been looked upon as the leading man to the cam- paign. The sportsmen's vacation show hero in Los Angeles has demonstrating the latest in been auto mobiles the convertible double-bed model. Just imagine, all you have to do is push a button and the inside of your car becomes your bed- Toss Out Pension-Blocking Lewis Asks Courts L. Lewis today asked a federal court to toss out a plea by soft coal operators for an order blocking pension payments retired miners. The order was sought by Ezra Van lorn, a trustee of the miner's welfare and retirement fund, and Senator Styles Bridges Lewis' attorneys today asked the federal district court to throw out the Van Horn petition. The United Mine Workers chiei said Van Horn, as a trustee, went into the court "with unclean hands.' He contended that after months of negotiations Van Horn had offered "no plan" for setting up n pension ______ R.-N, H.) are the other trustees, j system as provided under the works Van Horn asked for an injunction bar pension pay- ments under a compromise plan ap- rovcd by Lewis and Bridges, but pposed by Van Horn. The Bridges-Lewis agreement enfl- d the recent strike to the soft coal elds. contract or last July. That contract expires June 30. Steps have been taken by Lewis and Bridges to put into effect the com- promise pension plan with an initial from the welfare rund. The fund Is financed with a ten cents a ton royalty on coal. I can see it'all now. In the future when you stop at a gas station, the attendant will ask you "Gas Oil? change your Anti-TrumanSIate Leads in Alabama Birmingham (JP) Alabama Dem- ocrats today apparently made cer- tain that President Truman cannot ;et this state's 11 electoral votes for another term. Whether any other regular Demo- cratic nominee would get those votes House foreign affairs committee which is considering proposals for reorganizing the U.N. with or with- out Russian cooperation. He said that what the world needs today is not new structures for peace but better use of the or- ganization which already exists. His testimony amounted to a plea to Congress not to demand a major shakeup in order to express its im- patience with the present U.N. and its objections to Russian conduct. Lawmakers have complained espe- cially about Russia's frequent use of the big power veto. Marshall cautioned that the U.N. could be destroyed by "radical changes." He warned, too, against tamper- tog with the big power veto In the 290 Aliens to Enter U. S. for Field Work San Antonio, Texas The Naturalization and Immigration service said yesterday that 290 aliens will enter the United States tonight at Laredo, Texas, for work in. Illi- nois, Wisconsin and Michigan. William A. Whelcn, district direc- tor, said the men first will work to asparagus fields of north central Illinois, then help with the cherry harvest in northern. Michigan and ffnally help cultivate peas and corn at Beaver Dam, Wls. Weather world organization. Answering a question by Repre- sentative Chiperfield (R.-I1U, the secretary said: "A two-thirds rule is all right in a democracy. But when it comes to the use of power aggressively in a military have about 40 per cent or the power we've got to be very careful as to what the Ameri- can people are committing them- selves to. That involves the use of the veto." FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Clearing and a little cooler tonight; lowest 46. Thursday generally fair and cooler; highest in the afternoon 65. cloudy tonight and Thursday. Cooler tonight. cloudy north and cloudy south with showers Wallace Assails Racial Bans southeast and extreme south to- night. Cooler north Thursday part- ly cloudy and cooler. Showers southeast and extreme south to forenoon. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 71; minimum, 50; noon, 62; precipitation, .12; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prcc. Peoria, III. Henry A. Wai- bans an complete returns from party primary.- dls- ono delegate victory to the ninth (To- ledo) and 14th