Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 4, 1949, Winona, Minnesota
SHOWERS TONIGHT AND THURSDAY FM RADIO AT ITS BEST VOLUME 49, NO. 66 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 4, 1949 FIVE CENTS PIER COPY TWENTY PAGES Big Four Agrees to Lift Blockade The Alsops Communists Have Eye On Japan By Stewart Alsop in Tokyo, with its curiously American surface atmos- phere, the events in China seem almost as distant and improbable as they must in the comfortable United States. Yet, according to those best equipped to know, what is happening on the Asiatic main- land has a simple meaning for Ja- pan. If the communists' drive south in Asia is not somehow halted, there is only one probable result. In the course of add her vital industrial potential to the Kremlin's vast Asiatic em- pire. Then we shall have thrown victory away with a vengeance. There are all sorts of reasons psychological, why this is so. But the most ob- vious reasons are economic. To reach some understanding of wha a communist China and southeas Asia would mean to Japan, it is necessary to examine some of the hard facts of Japan's postwar eco- nomic position. ONE OF THESE hard facts is that American women no longer wear silk stockings. Before the war, the United States took about a quar- ter of Japan's exports. The bulk of this trade was in raw silk. Now, thanks to nylon and other silk sub- stitutes, the raw silk, wound with magic skill from the mulberry co- coons by the tiny Japanese factory girls, is piling up in warehouses in Yokohama and other ports. Another hard fact is that with R population of 80 million there are already too many Japanese in Jl pan. And according to America experts, if the present rate of po] illation growth continues, there wi be more than 100 million Japanes by 115 million, II isconsin Voters Elect Gehl, Wafcono Republican-Herald photo JUST TO PROVE A was hot enough.in Winona Tuesday to fry an egg on the sidewalk. Getting ready to flip the hen fruit once over lightly is Miss Nancy Greer, 178 Center street. Attesting to the validity of the experiment are Maynard (Mo) Weber, left, 578 West King street, and John Barrett, 73 West Broadway, students at the Teachers college. (P. you don't believe this, just blame it on the fact that the weatherman was loco with the record heat.) There is, whatever the moral con siderations, only one practical ans to th! almost cancerous popu latlon growth. That is birth con trol. Curiously enough, Japan i perhaps the only country in th world which has consciously limite its population in the past. In th Ici.cj period of isolation, the Shoguns kept the population at a steady million by a brutal expedient. Jap anese midwives were importan government servants, and they ha the gruesome task of strangling th excess population at birth. Accord ing- to Nora Wain, the novelist, wh knows postwar Japan intimately Isolated fishing communities st! practice similarly brutal method of balancing their population an their food wh must be eliminated are chosen by lot. YET. EVEN IF less horrible and more practical methods of control ling Japan's population growth ar adopted (as Japanese Premier Yo shida has just economic problem is not solved. I merely becomes soluble. For al though every square foot of Japan's arable earth, even in the grea cities, is tended like a garden, the earth cannot feed more than aboui two-thirds of Japan's eighty mil- lion people. The conclusion is obvious. Japan's (Continued on Page 6, Column 5, ALSOPS U. S. Employment Shows Seasonal Rise During April Unemployment dropped while employment rose in April, the Census bureau reported today. It was the second straight month of improvement in the labor situa- tion. But the bureau said that even so, the rise in employment was "somewhat below seasonal expec- tations." Significantly, the entire April in- crease in employment was due to the customary seasonal expansion in farm work. Nou-farm employ- ment went down while farm employment increased The number of those out of jobs and looking for This com- pared with 3.167.000 in March and in April a year ago. Civilian employment amounted to against in March and in April, 1948. The bureau counts as employed persons working as little as one hour a week. Also counted are per- sons laid off for no more than 30 days as well as those ill, on vaca- tion, or on strike. A breakdown on the bureau's fig- ures showed April employment in a-ricvHture was against 333.000 in March and in Aoril, 1948. runber of nonfarm jobs t-'-'-1 i '-...Ii in April, Dulles Sees War If U. 5. Drops Pact Washington John Poster Dulles said today that "war is high- ly probable" if the United States does not ratify the North Atlantic treaty. Dulles, American delegate to the United Nations, made this asser- tion to the Senate foreign, relations committee in urging approval of the 12-nation defense alliance. The tall, scholarly diplomat told ixe committee it is dealing with 'i Mercury Staggers to 95, Record Here for May 3 Winona's perspiring consulted his records today and confirmed the suspicion of most residents that the heat set some 20 Per cent of tne state's el- Pair Victors In Slate's First Run-Off Race Both Veterans Of First World War By Arthur Bystrom J. Gehl, 59, West Bend, a circuit court judge since 1940, was elevated by Wis- consin voters yesterday to the state supreme court. Also chosen in the first nonpart- ison runoff election in the state's listory was George E. Watson, 51, Wauwatosa, as superintendent of public instruction. On January 1, 1950, Gehl will succeed Chief Justice Marvin B, Rosenberry, 81, who is retiring af- ter 33 years on the bench. The term is for ten years and the sal ary a year. Callahan will step out July 1 after 28 yeaers of service to the state as its chief educational director. The term is four years and the salary War Veterans Both winners are veterans of the first world war. Gehl defeated Municipal Judge Elmer D. Goodland of Racine. Wat- son won over Quincy V. Doudna, Stevens Point. Returns from of the state's precincts gave Gehl votes to for-Goodland. Wat- son, In the.same number of pre- cincts had and Doudna 330. EUen Swemley, 48, right, munches a sandwich a few minutes after Sheriff Clyde P. Bentzel said she was found chained to a bed in the home of her brother-in-law, William H. Gable, left, 88-year- old chain plant worker, at York, Pa. Sheriff Bentzel quoted Gable as saying he chained his sister-in-law to a bed because she threat- ened his wife. Gable was held on assault and battery charges. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Piling Rips Hull Thai "totally different" world situation today than it was a year ago. Th pact then was only being discussed said, whereas now it has been ;prmally signed by each of the par- ticipating nations. Thus to repudiate the treaty now Dulles continued, would reflect change in the American point of view and this would make other na- tions change their plans. "Out of that would come a he declared. In his earlier prepared testimony e said the lifting of the Berlin ilockade, if it comes, may mean merely a change in Russia's methods and "not a change in Soviet inten- Jon." Dulles cautioned against too much iptimism over Berlin developments while before the Senate foreign elations committee to urge ratlfi' ation of the North Atlantic secur- ;y alliance. He said the pact, binding the 'nited States and1 ll other nations ,0 stand together in opposing any .ggressor. is needed to help solve le German problem. Dulles is a Republican. During ast year's presidential corapaign he 'as a foreign affairs adviser to homas E. Dewey, the G.OP. pre- dential candidate. of a record here Tuesday. It was hottest May 3 on records that go back to 1902. flrst year temperatures were put on the books, the high was 68 and the low-54. Just for comparison's sake, lie dragged out a few more figures. In 1948, the high for May 3 was 71 the low 41. In 1947, it was 67 and 39. It was even and 43. Take 63, an And in 1944 the temperatures ranged from 40 to 34. Tuesday's humid 95 was accom- panied by strong winds and some thunder. But Winona could not unsigned statement to District At lower in a look at 1945 claim the high for the area. At Willmar, Minn., Tyndall, S. D., and Burwell, Neb., thermometers sizzled with pre-summer records of 97 de- in the nation. It was 96 at Montevideo; 95 at 94 at New Ulm and St. Cloud. Marks were set for the date in other cities: Chicago, 91; Louisville, Ky., 92; Omaha, 92; Minne- apolis and St. Paul, 93. There was relief coming, the weatherman said with his finger: crossed. Thunderstorms broke ou over parts of the Midwest, and coo! er air was moving over the north ern plains. But the rainfall spotty. As close as La Crosse, .7 inch fell, and .42 inch at Wausau A tornado accompanied by large hail stones and heavy rain caused, considerable damage In Brainexd, Minn, late Tuesday. Hardest hit was th: new Brainerd Memorial baseball park where two of eight light towers were crashed to the Continued on Page 15, Column 7. WEATHER Unsigned Babich Statement to Be Hit at Hearing Babich's ilancy Lowered the Boom Army Irishman Flattens 8 Russ Officers in Vienna By G. K. Hodenfield fighting Army Irishman who started a one- man war against Russia had a headache today. So did the U.S. Army. And eight Russian officers had sore jaws. There was an unhappy feeling that the man who writes Rus- sia's notes of diplomatic protest would have writer's cramp be- fore long, too. Private First Class Edward J. Touhey. of Howard Beach, Long Island, N. feet three Inches tall, 230 pounds and the alleged cauie of it all under observation in a locked room at a Vienna army hospital. Touhey, according to Provost Marshal Colonel Willard K. Lie- bel, had been-drinking "but not enough to cause all this distur- bance." Liebel didn't specify how much alcohol he thought it should have required yesterday to cause a man to: Start fighting the sentry out- side the Soviet-occupied Grand hotel in Vienna's international district. Walk across, the street to the swank Imperial hotel and slug a Russian officer standing there. Enter the hotel and start swinging at the available supply of Russian officers. Some said the stockpile was eight, others said 12. All agreed Touhey took them on one at a time. Eight went down. As a grand finale he grabbed an iron chair and took out after a Russian colonel. Then Ameri- can military police grabbed him. Under heavy escort, he was taken away by. ambulance. A crowd of several hundred Austrians attended the festivi- ties. torney.. William McCauley drew top interest as -the 19-year-old youth faced preliminary hearing this af ternoon before District Judge Har vey Neelen on a charge of firs- degree murder. Babich is accused of slaying Pat- ricia Birmingham, 16-year-old sis. ter of his wife. McCauley has said Babich made a statemenl relating that Patricia was shot fa- ally February 10 during a struggle for a revolver. McCauley quoted Babich as say- ing1 he purchased the weapon in order to frighten Patricia into' re- maining silent about Kathleen's pregnancy. Defense Counsel Arthur has declared he will try Chief Richter to prevent the statement from be- ing admitted into evidence today. He said the action would be based upon a contention the statement was obtained by "mental coerc- ion. McCauley denied that Babich had been mistreated. Richter said that without the statement in evidence the first de- gree murder count will "fall flat" and his client will not be bound over for trial. Richter also said be might call McCauley as a defense witness and result would be to remove Mc- Cauley as state prosecutor in the case. Patricia disappeared February 10 while on her home from high school. Her weighted body, with two fcullets in the head, was re- covered from the Milwaukee river March 20. Two days before that, Babich and Kathleen eloped to Kalamazoo, Mich., and were mar- ried. Russ Push Mining Of Uranium Ore Lake Czechoslo-j rafc political exile said today he iad received secret information from home that Russia is step- itog up operations at. the Jachymov uranium mine. The Jachymor mine, on the Jzechoslovak-German border is' the Iggest source of uranium ore so ar turned up in Europe. Uran- is one of the "principal sources or atomic energy. The Czechoslovak is Dr. Jan Fa- anek, who resigned as delegate the United Nations the" oramunist coup in February 1948. The winners were decided by less iigible voters. The total vote will be well below ed with in as compar- the April 5 election and about in gen- eral elections. "I am most grateful to my many friends who made my election pos- Judge G.ehl said. "I shall do my utmost to jus-, tify this confidence in me." Lake Battle To Save Donna Mae take City, Lake City fire department and host of volunteer workers from here and other cities today were in th second day of a flght to save the excursion boat Donna Mae from sink ing into the harbor. The Donna Mae has a gaping hole in its hull and the water is pouring in. Only the combined pumping of Lake City's fire truck and other gas- oline engine-powered pumps -is pre- venting the Donna Mae from filling with water and sinking into the Lake City harbor. Pumping began at a, m. Tuesday when the hull of the three- Gehl carried only 24 of the 70 .decker Donna Mae, about 75 feet counties reporting but gained sub- stantial advantages in the 13th ju- dicial district over which he pre- sides and in Milwaukee county. He had a margin of 15 to 1 in his home county of Washington and had five advantages of to one in other four and counties of the district to offset the leads that Goodland had in 46 counties. There are 71 counties but no long and 30 feet long, was well-ailed with water. A wooden piling, overlooked when the harbor was cleared last year, was driven through the hull as the level of'Lake Pepin and the harbor lowered the Donna Mae onto it. This piling, directly beneath the Donna Mae at its winter mooring point in the harbor, was below the water line until the' river level Wood Labor Bill Returned To Committee By Max Hall Demo- crats today won a fight to send the m Dm House returns were received from Saw-lapped this week. yer county where an electrical storm disrupted communications. Watson carried 35 counties and his opponent a like number. The (Continued on Page 10, Column 5.) WISCONSIN Beery Estate Sued Dn Paternity Count Los Wallace Beery 'held her in bondage" by repeat- edly professing love for her, Mrs. Gloria Schumm, 34, charges in a suit seeking from his As the Donna Mae came down on it about amidships, the piling drove through the hull, splintering planks and causing a great inrush of water. The Donna Mae, laying broadside to the shore, is resting partly on the shore and partly on the water. Any amount of water in her hull (Continued on Page 13, Column 6.) DONNA MAE estate to support a son she claims s theirs. The petition was filed Mrs. Schumm, initiated a pater- nity suit shortly before Beery's death April 15 and said later she ejected an offer to settle for 00. In his will disposing of an estate estimated at up to Beery enfed paternity of the child and pecified that under no circumstan- was it to inherit any part of the estate. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Cloudy with occasional showers and local thun- dershowers tonight and early Thurs- day morning, followed clearing; jof Representative Wood committee. Their margin on the motion to recommit was three to 209, This outcome left the House with no labor bill before effect ending the great labor battle with a stalemate. Last night a high-riding alliance of Republicans and southern Dem- ocrats won a 217-203 House viC' tory for the Wood bill, which would have kept most of the Taft-Hartley law on the books. Today the motion was passed to "recommit" the is, send it to the House labor com- mittee. Success of the motion means that the House, without any labor bill before it at all, will sit back and wait for the Senate to pass a la- bor measure and send it over. bill bears the name and cooler Thursday. Low tonight 65, high Thursday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 95; minimum, 60; noon, 87; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight-at sun rises to- morrow at 1 Additional weather on Page 15. "repeal" the Taft-Hart- ley on but would, then re-enact most of its important fea- tures. For example, it would continue the present provisions for 80-day in- junctions- in "national emergency" strikes, for prosecution of both un- (Continued on Page 5, Column LABOR BILL L) Berlin May Be pen in Week, Conferees Hope Foreign Minister Meetings Later Part of Proposal The Big Four powers agreed today to lift the Ber- lin blockade and counter blockade measures. A State department announce- ment of this gave no date for the lifting. It said: "It can be said specifically that agreement has been reached and that all restrictions imposed in which have been the sub- ect of conversation will be mutually lifted." "After an the statement said, "a meeting of the council of foreign ministers will be held. The council of foreign ministers will consider questions relating to Ger- many and problems arising out of the situation in Berlin, including also the question of currency." The agreement thus far obtained was described as an agreement "on all the main questions of principle involved in the Big Pour talks on the Berlin and German situations. Some details remain to be worked out. The intention of the four powers, the statement said, is to arrange these details speedily and issue a formal communique "embodying the agreement" at 7 a. m. central daylight time tomorrow. The conversations held today among representatives of Russia, the United States, Britain and Prance. Time-Table Planned If all goes well, the meeting will make it likely ttat the Berlin block- ades can be lifted sometime next week and the foreign ministers will meet in Paris around May 25. The last meeting of tne foreign minis- ters, held in London In December 1947, ended in failure over the Ger- man question. Since that time the Western powers have thwarted the Russian-imposed blockade of Ber- in by means of the airlift, and imposed a counter-blockade re- stricting movement of goods to the Russian (Eastern) zone of Ger- many. The .Western powers also have sponsored the setting up of a government for Western Ger- many. The foreign ministers who will meet in Paris are: United Acheson. Soviet Y. Vishin- ky. Great Bevin, Schuman. The foreign ministers also will ake important deputies' Jessup is to accompany Acheson. The Americans hope that Jessup, 'ho is a designated American ara- assador at large, will sit for the 'nited States when and if Acheson eturns home. Statement Issued A statement announcing today's meeting- was issued by Porter Mc- Keever, spokesman for the United tates delegation to the United Na- ons. It read: :In view of the fact that the xchange of views between Mr. Philip C.) Jessup, acting on be- half of the three Western powers, nd Mr. (Jakob) Malik, on behalf f the Soviet Union, have reached point where it is now possible i consider detailed arrangements v the reciprocal lifting of the re- lictions which have been in ex- tence since March 1948 on com- luaications with the city of Ber- lin and between tiie zones in Ger- many, and for the holding of a meeting of the council of foreign ministers. The next conversation will include the representatives of the French and British government as well as Mr. Malik and Mr. Jes- sup. The four representatives have arranged to meet at U.S.U.N. (American mission to the United 2 Park Avenue, at I a. m. C.S.T.) today." Today's four-power meeting was called, after Malik made contact with Jessup, a diplomatic source indicated. These Four Men Will meet in New York city today to work out details for lifting the Berlin block- ade. At left is Jakob A. Malik of Russia. Picture at right shows Sir Alexander Cadogan, .Great left; Jean Chauvel. center, France, and Philip C. Jessup, United States, at a previous meeting on the blockades. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) It was believed the Russian rep- resentative notified the U. S. en- voy either late last night or early this morning. It is obvious that Russia now agrees with the Western nations that the negotiations have advanced to the four-power stage. Jessup, with Sir Alexander Ca- dogan of Britain and Jean Chauvel of France, had spent all day yes- terday waiting for word from Malik. It was believed the Soviet official himself spent yesterday awaiting new instructions from Moscow re- garding the joint Western powers' tatement handed to.him following VIonday's meeting here of Jessup, Cadogan and Chauvel. Mate Denied Camel Portland, is be kind to animals week but'the city council doesn't care. It turned down a park bureau request for with which to >uy a mate for the zoo's lone cam- c.