Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 3, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
Fair Tonight And Sunday, Temperature Same River Stage t 24-Hour (Flood 13) Today 12.75 .45 Year Ago 11.92 .30 VOLUME 52, NO. 66 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WJNONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 3, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Britain's Jet Airliner, the De Havilland Comet, leaves the runway at London airport en route to Johannesburg, South Africa, and a new passenger speed record. The plane inaugurated the world's first commercial jet service. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Chile Breaks Off Copper Price Deal SANTIAGO, Chile WV-Chile last night broke off a year-old agree- ment to sell 80 per cent of her copper at a fixed price to the United States and announced she will enter the world's free market May 8 with her whole output. The Andes country's almost completely by two U.S. a. yearly output of tons, one-fifth of the TODAY Threat of War Seen In Europe iyJOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON -For the first time in a good many months, the storm warning is being officially displayed. The Kremlin has invit- ed us to stop the business of mak- ing peace with Western Germany, and bringing an armed Western Germany into the Atlantic com- munity, in order to begin discuss- ing the reunion of Western Ger- many and the Soviet zone. We have refused and_ will continue to do so. Thus the Kremlin is expect- ed to take the usual next step, which is to resort to naked terror- ization. The agreements granting sub- stantial independence to Western Germany and giving German divi- sions a place in the new European army, are expected to be negotiat world's production of the strategic I metal. Some of the mines have been paralyzed by a strike for higher wages by workers. Under the agreement, Chile fun- neled 80 per cent of her copper to the U.S. at the fixed U.S. ceiling price of 27Va cents a pound for foreign copper. She was free to sell the remaining 20 per cent on the world market, where the price is about 50 cents. The companies pay Chile a royalty of three cents British Jet Airliner Sets Speed Record JOHANNESBURG, South Africa pride of the air, the sleek jetliner Comet, rolled to a stop here today just 23 hours and 38 minutes out of London, miles away. It was the world's first commercial jetliner flight. Elapsed flying time for the jour- ney, computed by British Overseas Airways Corporation in London, was 17 hours and 16 minutes. Total time, including five ground stop- a pound on their total production. overs, was 23 hours and 38 minutes, ay Steel Pay U Unless Mills, CIO Sign Wants Higher Price The Chilean Cabinet announced that it canceled its 1951 agreement with the American firms because it wants a higher price to earn more dollars for foreign exchange and to pay higher wages to end the strike. Authoritative Chilean sources in- dicated earlier this week that the government may be willing to just two minutes under the sched- ule. The time is about two-thirds of the time consumed by regular, conventional aircraft. The average speed thus was about 390 miles per hour. On the leg from Rome to Beirut, Leban- on, the Comet 525 miles per hour. The Comet carried a pay- load of 36 passengers, a crew of six and 30 bags of mail. Officials of the state-owned Brit- ed and signed in a matter of I for domestic copper and 27V2 for weeks. Thereafter these. agree- foreign copper. make a new deal. They said j jsh Overseas Airways, which or- Chilean officials were willing to dered the Comet straight from the turn over to the companies boards, were proud as sale abroad the total production, including the government's 20 per cent cut, if the companies pay an extra 6-cent a pound overall price of 33V4 cents. U. S. Ceiling Price The U.S. ceiling price, set by the government, is 24% cents a pound ments must be ratified by the German, French and other Parlia- ments. See Threat of War If the Kremlin follows the course now anticipated here, the implied threat of war will be used in order Chilean demands for higher prices are almost certain to create an international dispute. Informed sources in Washington said the U.S. attitude is stiffening because a price increase would knock a hole in the stabilization program. U.S. government authorities in to prevent the completion of these agreements. Or if this proves im- possible, then the attempt will be Santiago and Washington had no to frighten the French Chamber or immediate official comment on German Bundestag out of ratifying Chile s latest move, the agreements. As to what form the Kremlin's implied threat may take, thus far there is only speculation rather than solid evidence. Berlin is per- haps the most obvious arena for a drama of force and terror. The Conservation Day Chairman Named _____ ._ ROCHESTER, Minn. UPl-A Ken- continued status of West Berlin newspaperman, Harold Sever- as an island of freedom amid en-1 sonj nas been named publicity slaved Eastern Germany, will be- j cnairman for the national soil come still more intolerable to the j conservation day and state and Soviets when a rearming Western nati0nal plowing matches to be Germany is integrated into a re arming Europe. Western Ger- many's independence and attach- ment to the free world will then contrast too sharply with Eastern Germany's subjection and attach- ment to'the Soviet empire. held Sept. 5 and 6 in the Dodge Center-Kasson-Mantorville area. On the program are demonstra- tions of approved soil conserva- tion practices. The state plowing contest for winners of county em iu uie OUVICL cuij-Mit. Preparations for a blockade of championships _ will be held the ____ __t i___3 rmpnmff nav. with the national con- Berlin were put in hand by the Kremlin almost as soon as the old blockade was lifted. A railroad by- pass has now been constructed en- tirely around the city, so that Western forces in Berlin can no longer halt through railway traffic between the different parts of the Soviet zone. Separate power sta- tions have been built in East and West Berlin. Tension Increased In recent weeks, moreover, the always-present tension in Berlin has been noticeably increased. Leaders of the puppet government in the Soviet zone have bellowed threats of force, if the West Ger- man rearmament project is not dropped. Not long ago, a mass attack on West Berlin was launch- ed by the Free German Youth, which is the Soviet substitute for the Nazi Youth Movement. And in the last few days, an Air France airliner was attacked in flight by a Soviet jet probably intentionally and as a preliminary demonstration, according to the view widely held here. On the 'other hand, full scale renewal of the blockade of Berlin will be an all but irrevocable act, (Continued on Page 13, Column 7.) ALSOPS day, with the national con- test scheduled for the second day. punch of their new baby. They said the flight shows Brit- ain has at least a four-year lead in commercial jet service over the United States and other nations. Among the 36 passengers aboard was a composer, Miss Avril Coler- idge-Taylor, trying to write a jet- age melody about her flight before she reached Johannesburg. Plotting her music before take- off, she said: "I feel the Comet in term's of string music cellos and double basses. Its high whistle was work for the wood- wind part of the orchestra." But how does the jet flight feel to others. Smooth Trip Gordon Wright, a Briton, com- mented as the plane set down in Rome at the end of its first leg: "Smooth and without vibration." Capt. Michael Majendie, com- manding the six-man crew on the history making flight, noted that headwinds made him a few min- utes late to Rome, and said it was "rather disappointing." After losing time to Rome, the Comet was ahead of schedule at Beirut, Lebanon, and again when it arrived at Khartoum. BOAC plans one round-trip jet flight a week to South Africa this month and intends to expand to three flights weekly in June. By July, it expects to have the sleek speedsters running from Lon- don to Singapore, and operating be- tween New York and the Bahamas before the year is out. Balky Flier May Be Permitted to Resign WASHINGTON Air Force officer facing a two-year prison term for refusal to fly has sub- mitted his resignation and will es- cape the sentence if permitted to quit, says Biggs Air Force Base at El Paso, Tex. But the Air Force here offered no official comment and declined to say whether this would set a pattern for handling other stay- down fliers. The resignation of Lt. Verne Goodwin was announced by Biggs officials a few hours after his father-in-law, Parker Cullom of Las Cruces, N.M., told an informal Pentagon news conference Good- win would be allowed to resign "for the good of the service." Cullom said he had been assured by the Air Force judge advocate general, Maj. Gen. Reginald Har- mon, that Goodwin's resignation would be accepted. He said that was the word he telephoned to Mrs. Goodwin in El Paso. Biggs officials said the resigna- tion was sent priority wire to Eighth Air Force Headquarters at Fort Worth for forwarding to Washington. Goodwin is now con- fined to quarters at Biggs. The Texas air-base report said acceptance of Goodwin's resigna- tion would mean that he would not have to serve two years in prison at hard labor with loss of pay, but his discharge "must be under con- ditions other than honorable." Goodwin is one of 14 Air Force men whose refusal to fly has re- sulted in court martials. Two cases have been dismissed and others are pending. Air Force Cuts Flights Because Of Oil Strike All Flying Outside Of Korea Zone Will Be Restricted DENVER Air Force has issued orders slicing flying hours outside the Korean Theater be- cause of the strike of about refinery and pipeline oil industry I workers. "Because of the strike in the petroleum a two-sen- tence statement from the Air Force issued orders curtailing flying ac- tivity. I "Due to Air Force stock levels, i all flying outside the Korean The- ater is restricted to the minimum required to continue training, per- form essential command missions I and perform absolutely essential administrative flights." Earlier, Eighth Air Force Head- quarters at Carswell Air Force Base near Fort Worth, Tex., had ordered a "considerable cutback" in flying of its largest bombers. Bombers Limited The B36 heavy bombers are limited to 20 hours flying monthly for the duration of the strike, ef- fective today. Other limitations place 15 hours monthly on B29 and B50 medium bombers and 10 hours on fighter planes. The B36, de- signed to carry the atom bomb, has a fuel capacity of more than gallons. Routine training flights have been curtailed at the Air Training Command at Scott AFB, Belleville, 111. Some commercial airlines re- portedly had than 30 hours supply of aviation gasoline on hand when the strike of 22 CIO, AFL and independent unions be- gan at midnight Tuesday. A spokesman for the Ah- Trans- port Association said most lines are "moving heaven and earth" in efforts to build up and effectively ration out their supplies. Included among the more than one-third of the nation's struck re- fineries are the big catalytic units 'that manufacture refined aviation fuel. These include the world's largest at Port Arthur, Tex., operated by Gulf Oil; Texas Company's Port Arthur, Tex., plant; Magnolia's Beaumont, Tex., refinery and Shell and Sinclair at Houston and other major ones in the Midwest. Order Awaited An official of the Petroleum Ad- ministration for Defense (PAD) re- ported an order will be issued next week limiting flying in general. It is estimated production of aviation gasoline has been sliced at least 35 per cent. Meanwhile, there was little prog- ress in plant-by-plant negotiations. The coalition of unions, headed by the Oil Workers International Un- ion (OWIU) in Denver, is seeking a 25-cent hourly wage hike and in- creased night shift differentials. The average wage ranges from to Differentials would go up from 4 to 6 cents from the 4 p. m. to midnight shift and from 6 to 12 cents from midnight to dawn. Filling station pumps slowly were running dry in a few scat- I tered Midwestern areas. Power Lineman Saves Life of Fellow Worker SIOUX FALLS, S. p. power lineman from Thief River Falls, Minn., was credited Friday with saving the life of a fellow worker. The Minnesotan, W. J. Cernous- ek, and Rueben Josewski, Tulare, S. D., were working on a pole four miles north of here yesterday afternoon. While Josewski was moving a live wire, it glanced off his protective rubber glove and struck his arm. Josewski was par- alyzed by the current. Cernousek kicked Josewski's foot loose from the pole. Josewski dropped from the wire and hung by his safety belt. He was taken to a hospital with severe burns the length of his right arm and on his right foot. Northern States Power Company officials said contact for even a few more seconds probably would have been fatal for Josewski. Mankato Crash Costs 3 Lives MANKATO, Minn, per- sons were killed last night when their car ran into the rear of a semitrailer truck stalled on High- way 60 between here and Lake Crystal. Victims were Herbert Marth, 44, his wife, Rose, 38, and their daugh- ter, Shkley, 9. They are from St. James. The driver of the truck told po- lice he had not had time to put out flares. Mr. and Mrs. Marth were killed instantly. Shirley was pronounced dead when she arrived at a Man- kato hospital. Hirohito Urges Japs to Avoid Past Mistakes TOKYO Hirohito to- day called on his people to "keep faith with other nations" and see "the previous mistake is not re- peated." The emperor, with Empress Nag- ako at his side, spoke at a formal celebration of Japan's new inde- pendence that came with the end of the Allied occupation Monday. The ceremony was held in the imperial plaza where May Day Communist-inspired anti-American riots left one dead and injur- ed. The scene today was quiet as more than armed police and 500 khaki-clad infantry of Japan's budding army stood guard. As the emperor spoke, the old people sobbed from emotion. The young listened politely. Cites Obstacles "It behooves us, I believe, to make this a special occasion for reflecting on the course of past events and resolving to see that the previous mistake is not repeat- the emperor said. Then he continued: "I have no doubt but that we shall be able not only to surmount the present obstacles but also to translate into action the spirit of our constitution. Let us thoroughly embrace the tenets of democracy and keep faith with other nations." The emperor did not use the word surrender but did refer to his famous broadcast seven years ago accepting surrender terms laid down by the Allies. At the same time he spoke warmly of American and Allied good will shown Japan since then. Hirohito used intimate and friendly terms in his speech. For an emperor of Japan this was es- pecially significant and hinted his resolve to carry forward the new democracy. Won't Abdicate As he has since the end of the Hirohito used the everyday Japanese term for "I" instead of the special royal term. But the emperor indicated he had no plans to abdicate in favor of his 18-year-old son heir, Crown Prince Akihito. "Unworthy as I am, I aspire to prove myself equal to the burden of my responsibilities, which I dis- charge by constant self-exhortation and upon mature deliberation in the light of recent history as well as the trend of popular he said. "It is my fervent hope that all of us, each doing his duty and devoting himself to his allotted task, will march hand in hand to- ward the consummation of nation- al reconstruction so that we may share in the blessings and happi- ness that it will bring to our land." Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida, a target of Communist May Day wrath, also spoke and warned that Japan'is "faced with efforts by ele- ments within Japan who would de- stroy democracy." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- night and Sunday, not much change in temperature. Low tonight 52, high Sunday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours eneding at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 58; noon, 81; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomor- row at Additional weather on Page 13. G.O.P. Accuses President of Smear Tactics Truman Assails Political Gangsters As Grave Menace By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH Truman Outlines Position to Union, Industry Leaders Companies Balk at Reopening Plants Unless Assured Peace WASHINGTON UPl-President Truman told steel industry leaders WASHINGTON UP) Republicans I today that the government is prepared to boost worker wages Monday today accused President Truman unless the industry reaches agreement with the union before then in savin? Tho President disclosed the government's aims in a nine minu of using "smear tactics" in saying they are trying to "sneak into of- fice by tie back door" and that political gangsters who are worse than Communists" are be- smirching government workers' reputations. Truman made the charges last night in a hard-hitting called it "a lesson in the 70th anniversary meeting of the National Civil Service League. The President said he believed the "political gangsters" who he said have lied under protection of congressional immunity are "as grave a menace as the Commu- nists." Departing from his prepared text, he said: "I think they are worse than Communists. In fact, I think they are partners with them." He named no names, but he has fired similar criticism in the past at Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and others in Congress who contended Communists and Red sympathizers have worked their way into fed- eral jobs. McCarthy Silent McCarthy, asked for comment on Truman's remarks, said in Mil- waukee: "I don't like to talk about the dead." He declined to say more. The President also let fly at Re- publicans for attempting to capi- talize politically, he said, on cor- ruption-in-government charges. As the November elections come nearer, Truman said, "the opposi- tion is becoming frantic and The President disclosed the government': talk to union and industry leaders. minute LW ULiiUi-i auu jj-j-vAttiJuj His remarks opened White House negotiations seeking a solution to the long pending labor dispute that las brought seizure of the indus- ry and a bitter court fight. :The government will be pre- pared on Monday morning or as soon as we can get ready, to or- der changes in terms and condi- jons of employment to be put into Truman said in opening the dramatic meeting. A text of his remarks was made public by the White House an hour and 45 minutes before the meeting segan. Expressions of hope came from all sides as the principals met at Truman Foreign Aid Program Up For Vote Soon By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON President so they have launched a campaign to make people think that the gov Truman's foreign aid program will become a top congressional subject next week, with legislators talking of cutting funds and adding certain "ifs" to the assistance that may be voted. The Senate will begin floor con- sideration Monday a bill lopping one billion dollars from the Presi- dent's request for for the year ending June 30, 1953. The Senate bill, approved by its Foreign Relations Committee, con- tains detailed cuts but no restric- tions. The House Foreign Affairs Com mittee opened consideration of its measure yesterday by discussing several amendments, some propos- ing stronger conditions to assist- ance abroad. One of them, yet to be consid- ered, would gear foreign aid to the tangible progress made by Euro- pean nations toward unification. It will be offered by Rep. Zablocki Rep. Kelly (D-NY) and Rep. Merrow ernment service as a whole is lazy, I There was no indication whether inefficient, corrupt arid even dis-! it would be adopted finally by the loyal." I committee or the House. A sim- the White House, No Secretary of Commerce Sawyer, boss of the mills under govern- ment seizures, led off in the state- ments, of qualified optimism that there might be a settlement: "I hope so. I'm making no pre- dictions." Benjamin Fairless, president of U. S. Steel Corp., following the sec- retary into the White House, took about the same view: "I always have hope. Hope ii eternal." Philip Murray, president of the ClO-steelworkers, made it unani- mous: "I don't have a thing to say ex- cept that I am hopeful." All the participants were stern- faced as they entered the White House. They went into session with Tru- man at a.m. CST. Besides President Truman, those representing the administration at the conference were Sawyer, Dr. V dl. j YT UJC WMJ-t-i v ,1 7-------- Commenting on the speech, Sen. I ilar restriction passed the House j Jobn R. steelman, assistant to the Nixon (R-Calif) said the President last year. had resorted to "smear tactics for Chairman Richards (D-SC) said political and added: decisions were made during "Let the miblic recall that this yesterday's session, which was de- is the same man who called the discussing all sections of Alger Hiss case seven a 'red herring' I the bill. Rep. Mansfield (D-Mont) told a State Department official, is in jail for perjury. He was convicted of having lied in' was discussed but no decisions reached. Some committee mem- bers predict the House will reduce saying he never furnished secret j b at Jeast one bil. government papers to a Red spy Uon dollars befQre voting on it ring. m Sen. Mundt (R-SD) said Tru-i man's address contained "reckless I Drivprc charges which are controverted by I yrlvfri the facts." i Warned m Mexico And Sen. Ives (R-NY) said: j "Methinks the gentleman doth pro-j MEXICO CITY Antonio test too much. His action doth be- j Gomez Velasco, chief of traffic po- lie his words." Slice, said today school bus drivers Referring to the program he setj who haul children to private up in 1947 to check on the loyalty of federal employes, Truman said: "Political gangsters are at- tempting to pervert the program into an instrument of intimidation schools are getting more and more careless about breaking traffic announced an antidote. From now on, he warned, school bus drivers will be fined 100 times President and acting Defense Mo- bilization Director; Charles Mur- phy, special counsel to the Presi- dent, and David Stowe, adminis- trative assistant to the President Eight steel officials and six offi- cers of the union arrived for tfie conference. The steelmen have charged that the President by seizing the indus- try had adopted tactics smacking of dictatorship. It was reliably reported the meet- ing was a last-ditch administration effort to arrange an' industry- union contract agreement and that, if it failed, Truman was ready to give Murray's union mem- bers the pay raise they want. Expensive Facilities The three-day strike was over, called off by Murray yesterday on Truman's plea. Some steel firms were balking, however, at heating their open hearths and blast fur- naces again for fear another quick and blackmail, to coerce or than other offenders. might wreck the expensive stroy any who dare oppose them, means their penalties will range facilities. They demanded assur- These men and those who abet them have besmirched -the reputa- tions of decent, loyal public serv- ants. from to And if they get ance of continuing operations." in trouble twice, they'll also lose their driver's licenses and be out of a job. His Sisters are intrigued by their birthday cards but Michael, only male member of the Seifert quads, is more interested in his toy truck. Today is the quads' second birthday. Demure in crocheted dresses are, left to right, Monica, Marie and Martha. The quads are the children of Mr. and Mrs. Art Seifert, Sleepy Eye, Minn., farmers. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) This slowed the resumption of steel prouction. U.S. Steel, giant of the industry and producer of a third of the nation's steel, was one of the firms reluctant to restore high temperature operations. Its plants at Gary, Ind., and at Pitts- burgh and Alameda, Calif., were among those remaining shut down on company orders. Elsewhere, mills said it would take from several days to as long as 10 days to get production to full blast again. At U.S. Steel's Gary plant, a union subdistrict director, Orval Kincaid, said "if the lockout con- tinues until Monday we will have mass meetings and demonstrations at the gates of the company." The government was expected to take steps to get production speeded up, probably by a direct Truman appeal to the steelmakers visiting him at the White House today. Complicated Litigation Meantime, the great legal battle over constitutionality of the govern- ment seizure was in the lap of the Supreme Court. The justices gathered for a regular Saturday conference on pending cases, and they could rule today on part or all of the complicated litigation.