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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 3, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Rafn, Colder Tonight and Thursday Read 'Men Around Truman' on Page 4 Today VOLUME 50, NO. 65 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES TODAY- Europe Seeking Security By Joseph Alsop Rome According to the offi- cial timetable, we are at the mid- way point in the reconstruction Europe, which is to be completed by 1952. Unfortunately, every fact of the European situation already suggests that the official timetable is worthless. The rebuilding of the war-shat- tered political and economic life of the Western world is going to require an American attack on a much broader front and with a far more elastic time limit. The temptation, of course, is to say, "To hell with it. let the Eur- opeans stew in their own Juice." But here we run into the grim blackmail of the cold war. If we Florida Voters Shake Pepper Stow Named Winona County Abstract Clerk Four-Year Term Approved by Commissioners By Adolph Bremer Hale A. Stow, who has directed pire. And we in the United States! county board will experience the equivalent ofj commissioners. a gigantic military defeat, probab-! Tne appointment, effective July ly without a shot having been fir-i1- rneans that the commissioners ed. IN NO SENSE does this mean that the American investment in Europe to date has been wasted. mean to put the county in the ab- stract business, a venture which 293 petitioners have opposed. For nearly four years Mr. Stow has been directing a staff of work- Here in Rome for instance, in the recordmg and indexing two and a half years ago, a great crisis of misery impended. The ec- onomy was at a standstill. If America had not acted the Com- surely have come munists would to power. That time now seems incredibly distant. The Italian recovery, possible by Marshall aid, has. as it were, gilded this superb- ly beautiful city with a splendid glitter of prosperity. The life of the poor is still infinitely hard. There are still jobless in of all transfers and related trans- actions for every piece of property in the county. Such a tract index already ex- ists, being owned by a private firm which rents space at the courthouse, but four years ago the county board determined to com pile its own and to enter the ab stract business on completion. Mr. Stow has informed the boarc that the still no' sufficiently advanced to permit the preparation of ab- Italy. But in Italy the gap betweenjstracts. privileged and unprivileged has[ Although commissioners were in- been cruelly wide. The profusion of luxury that everywhere meets the in the Holy Year semblance of nor- eye In Rome means that a mal economic life has now return- ed here. In the political sphere, the same rule holds good. The government of Prime Minister Alcide De Gas- perl is at least a stable, non-Com- munist government, comprising many able men. By the stern pol Jce measures of the bullet-headed little Minister of the Interior, Mar- io Scelba; the authority of the Ital- ian state has at least been restor- ed. THESE ACHIEVEMENTS, Which terested in putting the abstract of- fice on a trial see how much money it will make or state law requires that the clerk be appointed for four years, and Mr. Stow so was. Salary will be Since July 1, 1946, Mr. Stow has been working for a year under contract terms. In the new agreement Mr. Stow consents to complete the index, in addition to performing the duties of abstract clerk. When the index will be complet- ed is dependent on the size of the force, which has not been deter- mined for the period after July 1. Mr. Stow indicated that, depend- ing on the size of the office staff, years to complete the index, con- the re- seemed almost uninmaglnable two and one-half years ago, are certainly not to be scorned. But the smiling surface of Italy in 1950 ffnce will be smmtaneously must none the less not be taken j sponslblllty of preparing abstracts at face value. .Too roBUy tningsj keeoinj? UD with current trans- that ought to have happened transactions. not happened. I abstract office will have quarters in the courthouse. In other business, the board at the closing meeting of the May session: A. Authorized clerk hire up to for Supervisor of As- sessments E. J. Marxhausen during June and July. B. Turned over to the county welfare board of which com- missioners are members the relief bill from the ci- ty of Winona. C. Rejected the proposal of county highway department employes that they have Sat- urday afternoons off without a reduction in pay. D. Appointed Chairman Carl Goetzman as the trustee on the board for the neiv county law library, as the represen- tative of the board of com- missioners. In reference to the law with, about the basic social and economic problems that confront Italy. Land reform is at last be- ing discussed by the government, but only very tepidly, and as a result of direct Communist pres- sure. As for Italian over-popula- tion, widespread joblessness in the midst of prosperity, and the ap- palling disparity between rich and poor, these topics are not even be- ing talked about. In part, to be sure, this Is be- cause the Marshall plan adminis- tration has tended to emphasize increasing Italian national produc- tion at the expense of everything else. But the real cause of this curious political-economic sterility In Italy is another gap in the na- tional recovery. A normal politi-j cal life has not yet been restored. Representative George Smathers and his wife are tired but happy at Jacksonville, Pla., after he surprisingly defeated Senator Claude Pepper for the Democratic nomination as a U. S. senator from Florida. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Winter in May Ice Cover Northern Minnesota By The Associated Press Northern Minnesota was covered with slush and in some instances today, the aftermath of a May snowstorm that dropped as much as eight inches of new snow at Virginia. Thus far Virginia has received a record of 126.3 inches of snow, 11.3 inches more than ever before. After dropping to 26 above during the night the mercury rose to around the freezing mark and the fresh snow started to melt slowly, Hibbing had six inches of snow Country roads in the area were impassable because of snow anc mud. Duluth had three inches of heavy, wet snow yesterday and streets were slushy this morning Highways in the northern part of ;he state were classed as "poor" oy the state highway department. Gravel roads in the southern part were softened by rain, but trunk jbighways were in good condition. Ashland, of a Temperatures ranged up to 52 bus and truck and a woman pas-'above in the Twin Cities this morn- jsenger in the bus died today when i ing. A high of around 55 was ex- the two vehicles crashed and burnedIpected in soutbernvMinnesota, with Draft Extension, More Money for Defense Likely Congressmen ignore Forecast of Russian Crack-up By William F. Arbogast Washington A forecast of I Stassen Calls Truman: eventual crack-up of Russia's pow- er failed today to quiet congres- sional demands for continuing the draft and for more money for na- tional defense. "Wishful said Repre- sentative Vinson (D.-Ga.) the Cole (R.-N.Y.) to the statement by Paul of satellites will "crack and crack quite suddenly" some day from; the tensions now building up be- hind the Iron Curtain. General Omar N. Bradley., the nation's No. 1 military leader, yes-j ;erday said there were no signs; to let up in Soviet pressure. Vinson is chairman and Cole is a top minority member of the House armed services committee which is demanding the addition of to a defense share of an appropriation bill now before the House, Tensions Growing Hoffman is head of the 'Worst 'Cleverest Politician New Harold E. Stassen declared in a speech last night that President Truman is "the worst President" and "the cleverest politician" ever to occupy the White House. Mr. Truman's forthcoming tour of the West-is a political venture "to try and get a puppet Stassen added. Calling the President "a postgraduate of the most effective political school in school of Kansas Stassen told] _ a Republican meeting: I From that school he knows the I KIDS Attack on Wife At Red Probe By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington In an angry outburst, Owen Lattimore told sen- ators today that "a new low in American politics had been struck "an attempt to attack me through my wife." Lattimore spoke out at the outset methods of attacks on opposition, claims for all improvement, of 'dodging blame for things that go wrong, and mar jshalling votes iirough organi- zation. "The tragedy for America i s .that the same school which made Truman a clever poli- Haro5d E. Stassentician also made him such a bad President. "This is true because it is a whose graduates are lack- Young Marine Victor Over New Dealer Ferguson Chosen To Oppose Taft In Ohio Race By The Associated Press Senator Claude Pepper, Florida New Dealer who went down the line for nearly all of the Pres- ident's "Pair Deal" program, has :ost his bid for another term af- :er 14 years of devotion to causes he cherished as "liberal." Representative George Smath- ers, 36-year-old former Marine now in his second term in the House, defeated Pepper by a solid margin in yesterday's hare-knuckle primary. Smathers, who has opposed President Truman on several vital issues, calls himself a "middle-of- the-road liberal." When of the state's I precincts -had been heard from, the unofficial count was 349.211 for ing in a sense of idealism and honesty and integrity." 3-Point Attack Urged Stassen, president of the Uni- versity of Pennsylvania, former governor of Minnesota and unsuc- cessful contender for the G.O.P. presidential nomination in 1948, de- onomic Co-operation administra- ion which administers the Mar- shall plan of aid to foreign coun- tries resisting- Communism. Speaking before the United States Chamber of Commerce yes- erday, Hoffman said that while he satellite nations "appear imooth on the they have >een kept that way by "political irutality" and "the tensions are his blast at Mr. Truman in a speech before the women's aux- iliary of the New York county (Manhattan) Republican commit- tee. his second consecutive day ofh who minimize the importance of testimony before a Senate foreign relations subcommittee investigat- aay ana congratulated rus opponent, ing charges by Senator McCarthy Smathers never was headed in the r (R.-Wis.) that the State depart- But fle won sls ment is infested by Communists Dfde, (Miami) by only 63 by and Red sympathizers. His reference was to a question from Senator Hickenlooper (R.- Iowa) late yesterday as to wheth- er Mrs. Lattimore addressed in 1943 a San' Francisco labor school, listed as Communist by the Cali- fornia un-American activities com- mittee. Lattimore said he didn't know. Stassen urged the Republicans to "meet the 1950 situation brought MrTTatttaiore about by his (Mr. Truman's) sald she recall_ and misuse of the great power of Today, Hickenlooper brought it growing." "Eleven years we had three dictators to worry Mussolini and sta lin. Two are gone and I expect t live long enough, t'j see the thir Three Killed When Truck, Bus Collide The De Gasperi government in effect enjoys a monopoly on power! because the Communists are the] recentlT'c'r'eated bv only alternative. Prime Minister I ffirt JutoKart De Gasperi himself and the wiser ulsmct 'Juage lian men around him sincerely desire to tackle Italy's great problems a mile north of here. Five passengers crawled from win- dows just before it burst into flame. They were treated for cuts and bruises. Sheriff M. F. Rickenbrod said there were only two bodies in the wreckage. the Weather bureau predicting cooler. It was "very Crookston this sloppy" morning, around where three inches of snow fell last night. Cynical residents at Crookston pre- dicted a blizzard for today, and 1 pointed to the fact that snow has One was Edgar A. Snyder, of Co-If alien on the first two days of May lumbus, Ohio, driver of the Cieve-jto back up their forecast. land-to-CoIumbus Greyhound bus. The Coast Guard ordered the The other, a woman, who navigation season a card bearing the name "Normalhalted List night when shifting ice Hellner." [blocked channels to the Duluth- Driver of the truck, was not iden- [Superior harbor. Buses were stall- one go." But a monopoly situation leads to complacency. And thus the ele- ments in the De Gasperi coalition the in blocking boid action. Thus the gov- ernment grows more and more sterile, and tends to rely more and more on simple police measures to having a vested interest in status quo always succeed immediately. The passengers, who escaped from bus, had said from three to and C. Stanley McMahon. In informally denying the re ed during the storm. North Dakota also was covered with a heavy, wet blanket of new snow, rain and fog. Strong winds whipped the falling jsnow and heavy drifting was ex- None of the five bus passengers I pected eastward from Minot and undert Attorneys M. A. the njMvrohm, "paid they were mistaken. auest of the hiehwav lree of the burning JBismarck, Airlines canceled flights quest ot tne highway department, k ininrpri wrinusiv employes for Saturday noon off, commissioners indicated that it might be all right if the employes wreckage was injured seriously, jand some bus schedules were I nulled. Gravel roads were ex- Bennett Smith, Dayton, Ohio, Itremely soft. Marian E. Johnson, 24, Mansfield, The fall of moisture, either snow The board approved on worker. mendation of Mr. Marxhausen, f and forwarded to the Minnesota j Girard B. Sijson. 30, cabinet mak- er from rural route 1, Gashland, THE STERILE CENTRIST gov- ernment, staying in power be- cause most people do not want the for homestead cation and consequent reductions in assessed valuation: Hugo H. Yeske, 515 East Belleview street, Thurman, 26, Republic plant employe, Buffalo, N. Y. Arvell O'Hara, 24, Ashiand, Ohio, owner. Hoffman made no guess as how soon the Soviet band of r.a tions would crack up, and Vinsor and Cole put their fingers on tha fact. Draft Extension Asked "We are dealing with a situa tion that exists Vinson said, "and not with a situation that may exist in the future. And the situation as it exists today i not very cheerful according to re liable information given to our committee." Cole said that even if Stalin passed out of the picture tomor row, "another dictator would rise up. to take his place. "Even if the satellites crack he said, "we have no assur- ance that they will come over to our side." Vinson and Cole yesterday heard General Bradley, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, plead for a ;wo-year extension of the draft ,aw, expiring next month. Bradley said he has seen no recent im- jrovement in the international sit- uation. Economy Brand Cigarette Tax Cut Advanced Washington The House his office. The Republicans can do this, Stassen said, by: he said, back vigorous- ly and hitting hard in the ex- posure of the conditions of his administration.'! (2) "Bringing' forward def- inite, sound, constructive measures to the prob- lems of our country at home and abroad." and working and voting: with a, thoroughness and a drive such as we have never sliown before." A. J. Rockne, 81, Legislator for 42 Years, Succumbs Zumbrota, Minn. A. J. Bockne, a dean among Minnesota legislators died last night after a long illness. He was 81. Rockne served 42 years in the .egislature, many of them in key rasitions. He was elected to the louse in 1903 and became speaker during the 1909 session. Two years ater, he went to tae senate. In 1915, Rockne was named chairman of the powerful finance committee, a post he held until his 1945 retirement. There, be- ause of his close watch over ex- penditures, he became known as he "watchdog" over the state reasury. Born at Harmony, Minn., in 1869, tockne was graduated from the University of Minnesota law school n 1894. He started his practice at Zumbrota, where two sons Mel- oy C. and Elnor B. still main- ain law offices. A daughter, Mrs. up again. He inquired whether Lat- timore and his wife had refreshed their recollection overnight as to whether Mrs. Lattimore had lec- tured at the Tom Mooney school. Lattimore said his wife recalls that she spoke at what she was told was a trade union school, as she did at various other places to various organizations. Then, in sharp tones, Lattimore said: "With all due respect I think this attempt on me has set many new lows in American political life, and this attempt to attack me through my wife strikes a new low." Hickenlooper got in about minutes of quizzing late yesterday after Lattimore, Far Eastern af- I fairs authority and sometime con- by only votes out of a total of Pepper's term ends next Janu- ary 3. Technically, Smathers only nominated, but the Democrat- ic nomination in Florida is equi- valent to election as Democrats outnumber Republicans by better than 15 to 1. His Republican op- ponent in November will be John P. Booth of Miami, Other Primaries National interest in the Florida primary far overshadowed that in the primaries held in three other states yesterday Ohio. Alabama and Indiana. In Ohio. Joseph T. Ferguson, state auditor, claimed victory in a seven-candidate race for the Democratic senatorial nomination to oppose Republican Senator Taft next fall. While the issues were clearly drawn in the intra-party Florida scrap, national political leaders differed as to the extent of its significance. Democrats had said in advance ihat it was more of a personal :ight with the result having no bearing on national feelings. They 30! also figured the Communist issue raised by Smathers would becloud sultant to the State department, had spent most of the day blast- ing at charges hurled by Senator the picture, and recalled that Pep- per vigorously opposed Mr. Tru- man's nomination in 1943. Trend Against Truman Republicans had predicted a McCarthy (R.-Wis.) and defeat would mark a munist Louis F. Budenz, McCarthy has accused Latti- more, a professor at Johns Hop- trend" against the Truman pro- gram, and that's just what G.O.P. National Chairman. Guy Gabrielson kins university, of being Russia's labeled the outcome. In a state- chief spy in this country. Budenz managing editor of the Daily Worker until he turned his back on Communism in 1945, has test- ified under oath that high Commu nist officials told him Lattimore was a member of a party cell. Lattimore yesterday termed Bu- denz' testimony "hogwash" anc said it was ths product of a "twist- ed and malignant personality." He repeatedly called Budenz a liar, and added: "Budenz has tried to do to me things about as filthy as anyone who calls himself an American can do to another Western Powers Plan Unity Talk Secretary of State Acheson said today the "big am iaw n. uaugiii'Cr, ivirs, _____. L. J. Carver of Waverlv, Iowa, al- three" meeting of foreign ministers or ram, was general over Minne-iways and means committee voted! so survives Mrs Rocfcne died five'in, Europe next week will consider sota. It ranged from .14 inch ofjtoday to cut the tax on years ago moisture at Worthington to 1.14; brands of cigarettes from sevenl Although a loyal Republican and i tarLaitAlEl'L_____ strong opponent of the Farmer-La-! possible moves to bolster the West- Rochester. Communists, because the police! from to Jacob Jereczeki are efficient, and because of Laird street, from to shall aid. is a European Roy Young, Wilson township, menon, to be found in other to S130, and Chris G. tries besides Italy, But such gov- Goodview, from to as! ernments cannot endure forever. Even if Marshall aid is not abrupt- ly terminated in 1952, the Com- munists must win eventually, un- well as these reductions in per- sonal property assessed valua-! tions: A. H. Quade, Saratoga town- ship, from to none; A. H. -Hour Attempt to Electrocuted Lineman Fails Lowest temperature during the (raised above the mark night was at Park Rapids, where j the total cutting it has voted in it was 29 above. Highest was 49 taxes. Makers of the cheaper cigarettes said they could sell at 12 jcflnts :f pack (excluding states taxes) if the federal tax were cut. The treasury estimated that if Britain. less the present political monopoly] Quade, Elba township, from to can be broken. The creation of alnone (both assessements having been healthy, vigorous, independent Left: duplicated in Olmsted county) and Wing is the basic necessity of R. Meyers, 614 Olmstead restoration of normal political from to none, having in Europe. moved 'to Rochester before the as- FmnJly. the situation is render-] sessment date; as well as these ed all the more dangercus by an- reductions in real estate assessed other thing that has not happen- valuations: W J. Kurth, 501 East ed. Neither Italy, nor Western Howard street, to and Europe as a whole has recovered American Legion Memorial club, as yet from the neurosis left be-1 Inc., 265 East Third street, hind by two great world wars. The! 840 to symptoms have been muted by the progress of the last two years. But The monthly report of Juvenile Probation Officer Mayme Schmidt showed that four new cases came the neurosis remains and still__ makes the Western Europeans ner attention during March. that they are not masters of theirJTwo involved thefts 13- and 17- own they are hardly re- year-old girls having stolen sponsible. indeed, for whatever the! while working as baby-sitters future may bring to them. There is no reason to despair. The Western European neurosis can be cured almost overnight, for example, if the Western Europeans can be given a sense of security from aggression. All else will then follow. another hitrand-run driving, and the fourth disorderly conduct. Restitution of the has been made by the parents. The 16-year- old boy, charged with hit-ind-run driving, caused damage and did not have a driver's license when apprehended. Cambridge, Mil. It was hard to believe "Hickory" Jones was dead. So hard, that it took Cam- bridge more than six hours to concede the taD, rawboned power company lineman had been killed by a jolt of electricity. Hickory touched a live wire yesterday while at work along a highway project. His body stiffened, then slumped in his climbing belt. Fellow workers lowered him from the 15-foot pole. They started artificial respiration. A doctor pronounced him dead. But the crewman did not lose a beat in the rythmical pumping. The word spread through Cambridge. Fred Jones who had picked up "Hickory" as a nickname because of his six-- feet-six was one of the most popular men in town. Soon the road was clogged by cars. Hickory's buddies in the Veterans of Foreign Wars formed six-man artificial res- piration teams to spell the line- men. The pumping went two, three hours. It started to rain, so a tent was put up over the spot. Waiting in the silent, prayer- ful crowd, of 500 outside the tent, was Mary Lee Jones, Hickory's wife, mother of his two-year-oH daughter. A hearse came to take the body away. The crowd turned it back. Four hours passed, then five. Still they tried to pump a spark of life in the still form. after the sixth hour, heads began to shake showly. No use. The crowd drifted away slowly still finding it hard to believe that Hickory Jones, '34, V.F.W. commander, organ- izer of the city softball league and one of the most popular men in town, was dead. the cut was made cigarette smokers would pay less taxes a year. This, with smaller cuts today, brought the tentatively approved excise cuts to way beyond the limit Presi- dent Truman proposed. The Presi-i dent made no suggestion whatever for reduction in cigarette and to- bacco taxes. Romanian Priest Excommunicated Vatican City A Vatican holy office decree today announc- ed the excommunication of Ro- manian Priest Andreas Agotha. He was accused of abetting a Communist-inspired split with the mother church in his country. The decree, published in the Va- tican newspaper "L'Osservatore warned that similar steps would be taken against oth- er priests unless they "desist im- mediately from favoring the schis- matic movement." The., decree cuts a priest off from he Catholic church and deprives him of its benefits. power lineup. ......0 Acheson is leaving Saturday by borites, Mr. Rockne went along! Plane for the conference with with them on what he called Foreign Minister Schuman "reasonable" request in the Foreign Minister Bevin of when they were in power on Capi- tol hill. Senator A. J. Carley of neigh- boring Plainview, was a class- mate. At the university, Mr. Rock- ne managed the football team cap- tained by Judge W. C. Leary of Minneapolis. A. J. Bockne Acheson Raps Russ On Austria Delay Washington Secretary o: ment issued shortly after Pepper gave up, Gabrielson said: "The Florida primary confirms the trend. Voters everywhere are turning toward the principles for which the Republican party has been fighting, and against the So- cialism of President Truman's Fair Deal. "Will the President recognize this rebuke from his own party in Florida? Or, on his 'nonpolitical' trip, will he continue to talk about red herrings, socialized medicine, and the Brannan Pepper was supported by the C.I.O., A.F.L, and Railroad Broth- erhoods. He campaigned as an ad- vocate of more federal financing, broader public services, increased old age assistance, and a national nealth program. Smathers urged .ess deficit spending, a balanced budget, more free enterprise. He opposed what he called "socialized medicine" and said the Taft-Hart- .ey act is basically good. Hot Fight in Alabama Smathers pictured Pepper as laving given "comfort" to pro- Coinmunist groups. Pepper called Communism "odious" and said the charge was part of a Republican effort to defeat him in a Demo- cratic primary. In other primaries yesterday, in- complete returns showed: states' righters lad an inconclusive lead over Jemocrat regulars in their fight or control of the state party ma- 'nery. The contest was over State Acheson assailed Russia Places on the state Democratic tn, raianu- -nonr tn t.ho executive Committee. The national party, led by Sen- day for raising new obstacles to the writing of a long-delayed peace treaty for Austria. Acheson was replying to a Soviet charge that the Western powers failing to de-Nazify and demilitarize Austria. In a formal statement giv- en to a news conference, he said the Russian action was "obviously a further delaying tactic intended serve as a pretext for refusal to conclude the treaty." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy with ight rain and becoming cooler to- night. Thursday cloudy and cooler. Low tonight 40; high Thursday 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum, 37; noon, 68; precipitation. Trace; sun sets ators Hill and Sparkman, worked to wrest control of the committee from the group that led the state- away from the Truman ticket ia 1948 on the civil rights issue. The states' righters were not ing so well otherwise. Hill himself maintained a good lead for Sen- ate renomination over Lawrence McNeil, Birmingham businessman and states', righter. And in the 15-man race for the Democratic gubernatorial nomina- tion, the two leaders were opposed the states' rights bolt. They are Gordon Persons, head of the state public service commission, and Gordon Persons, head of the state public service commission, and Philip J, Hamm, state revenue commissioner. Persons appeared certain to be in the run-off May 30. Ohio State Auditor Joseph T. Ferguson had a good lead over onight at sun rises tomorrow his closest opponent to the contest at (Continued OB 14, Column 6.) Additional weather on page 17. FLORIDA ;