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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 2, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday; Cooler Tonight River Stage 24-Hour (Flood 13) Today (now) 13.20 .55 Year Ago 12.22 .38 VOLUME 52, NO. 65 FIVE CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 2, 1952 TWENTY PAGES With Only A Leather belt between him and eternity, a power lineman (left) virtually lifts himself from his precarious perch, 400 feet above the Sacramento River, right, some 40 miles east of San Francisco. He and his companion, who is virtually sitting in air, are installing protective armor rod on a power cable of the Shasta-Tracy west side transmission line of the Central Valley project. When completed1 this transmission will carry volts of electric energy developed, at Shasta and Keswick power plants. (AP Wirephoto) 50 Reported Dead Plane Afire Before Oash, Say BELEM, Brazil rescue teams reported last night a luxurious Pan American airliner apparently was burning even before it Tuesday in dense Brazilian jungle. Their leaders wrote off as dead all 50 persons the plane carried. Maj. Richard Olney ordered his U. S. Air Force rescue unit from Puerto Rico to end its mission without parachuting to the site or try- ing to recover the bodies because it would endanger the lives of the rescuers. 10 of the Americans, TODAY Kef an May Not Be Stopped ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON -Next week in Florida, the Democrats will hold their last really important primary straight-out test, on Southern soil, between Sen, Richard Russell and Sen. Estes Kefauver. Sen. Rus- sell is solidly backed by state or- ganization, and if Russell wins, the Kefauver boom will be sharply de- all was well as it passed west of flated. But, at this writing, the I Barreiras, a mid-Brazilian town, baffled experts quote the odds as j shortly after midnight. The wreck- A Brazilian Air Force Catalina j million people in the "nation's 75 flying-boat patrol plane- ]argest cities wouid be planned, however, to land Bra- Secretary of the Interior Chap- zilian medical rescue corpsmen man said fte already short su ply Gasoline Supply Cut by Strike Of Oil Workers Shortages Begin To Appear in Some Sections DENVER (fl The continuing strike of 22 AFL, independent and CIO oilworkers' unions today threatened further shortages of gasoline for the nation's motorists, truckers and air teansport. So far during the three-day-old strike of refinery and pipeline workers voluntary rationing of gas- oline to motorists has started in Boston, filling station pumps are running dry in the Chicago-Gary area and pickets have halted gaso- line deliveries to stations in Toledo, Ohio. Government officials said a pro- longed strike would bring on a major shortage of gasoline if the 45-day supply on hand is cut in half. The Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) 'ordered de- liveries of some petroleum prod- ucts prohibited to dealers or big consumers with more than 10 days' supply available in 17 eastern states. Some Exports Barred Export of some major petroleum products was banned. Shipments from Pacific Coast states, ship- ments to Canada and aviation gas- oline were exempted. The president of the American Truck Associations, Walter F. Mul- lady, said if highway freight trans- port is immobilized by a lack of, fuel, "The supports could be more knocked under from our whole standard of living." He said the milk supply for 69 ments Divisioni said in an inter- view the draftees will help replace men being released from Chief Judge Harold M. Stephens, of the U. S. Court of Appeals in Washington, has rejected a steel industry demand for an order blocking any pay boost to steelworkers while the mills are under gov- ernment operation. Secretary of Commerce Sawyer said no wage boost will be ordered while court action is pending. Steel Strike Ends; Case to Top Court Draft of Men Slated for Next 12 Months By RAY HENRY WASHINGTON A defense of- ficial said today present plans call for drafting men during the 12 months beginning July fiscal year, whole Maj. Gen. E. C. Lynch, director of the Defense Manpower Require- on a river about 40 miles from the scene today in the hope they could hack through the nearly impenetr- able The airliner's crew of nine and 41 passengers were 12-Hour Trip The one of Pan Airways "El American World Presidente" trips of aviation gasoline production could be cut by about 30 per cent. An order limiting use of aviation gasoline can be expected, he said. The first violence was reported last night at the American Liberty Refinery at Mt. Pleasant, Tex. A gasoline transport truck driver suffered a broken nose and head bruises when pulled from his truck from S o u t h i by Pickets. An injunction was being off from Rio de Janeiro shortly after dark Monday for a 12-hour night flight to Port of Spain, Trinidad, its only remain- ing stop before New York. The plane reported by radio that even, and if Sen. Kefauver wins, he will be pretty hard to stop. Hence this is a good time to take a hard look at "this Kefauver as the higher echelon Dem- ocrats peevishly describe the Ten- nessee Senator's grass-roots candi- dacy. From such a look, two points unexpectedly emerge. First and most curious, the Kef- auver candidacy has had less high- level professional help than any major political movement since Coxey's army. Very recently, Sen. Paul Douglas of Illinois, has I ha'5 niilV'over both climbed aboard; while the late'side? of a ridffe No trees were broken, as would have been done by a plane trying to pancake into a jungle landing. A vast sir hunt, spreading over square miles of jungle, Robert Hannegan's astute hench- man, Gael Sullivan, has just taken over the Kefauver national head- quarters. But, until then, Kefau- ver's only professional assistance was provided by the ex-Congress- man from New Mexico, Richard Harless, while his most eminent intellectual adviser was the for- mer chief 9f the Justice Depart- ment's Anti-Trust Division, Wen- dell Berge Hunf Called Off Has Capable Help Explaining his order calling off Although anything but national the u- s- Force t( figures, Harless Berge and the in- i recover the bodies, Oleny said thi ner group of Tennesseeans-for-Kef- (rescue unit is authorized "to use it: sought today by the company to prevent interference with its re- finery traffic. Negotiations to settle the strike, which began at midnight Tuesday, were breaking down where they had appeared most promising. a Max Conrad Claims Light Plane Record NEW YORK Max Conrad today claimed the Los An- geles-New York non-stop speed rec- ord for light hours and 54 minutes. The 49-year-old tunesmilrh scattered quarter of a mile apart, j landed at LaGuardia Field yester- Charred chunks of wreckage were day after battling thunderstorms and headwinds during much of the flight. Official recording instruments carried in his Piper Pacer airplane will be taken to Washington for confirmation of the flying time. Conrad, from Mirror Lake, age was discovered less than an hour's flight' beyond the position given in its final report. Observers with powerful glasses circled the wreckage at low altitude and offered the opinion the plane the Clipper Good Hope- had exploded at low altitude. Parts of the motors of the power- ful, four-engined double-decked passenger develop- ment from, the B-29 active duty, and add men to the armed forces to reach the total President Truman has requested by July, 1953. Planned Expansion The remainder of the gap will be filled by recalled reserv- ists and an expected en- listments and re-enlistments. Lynch said the planned replace- ment and expansion picture may be changed some by congressional cuts now being considered in de- fense department appropriations. Lynch said the department is trying to work out a new program for monthly draft calls. After Sep- tember and until July 1953, he said, the program would make the monthly calls as nearly equal as possible. Past calls have varied from to a month. Tentative calls for July, August and September have been set at John Pickerling, Left, end Hugh Bromley, center, of Bethlehem Steel with Stanley Temko of U. S. Steel, right, go to the Supreme Court in a surprise move early this morning with their pe- tition asking the upholding of the ruling of Judge David Pine which ordered return of the steel in- dustry to private operation. Broniley served as spokesman. (AP Wirephoto. to The Republican- Herald) per month. Enlistments and re-enlistments went on for 48 hours before a Pan Minn., formerly of Winona, is the American pilot, Capt. Jim of w children. He is the of Miami, Fla., sighted the wreck-! composer of such songs as "Green age. The wreck was almost hidden'Wqfers" among the dense foliage. auver are capable men. For the rest, Kefauver has rallied such a collection of obscure lame ducks and minor political Ishmaels as would whiten the hair of any con- ventional-minded political manager. Nonetheless, Kefauver clubs have sprung up all over the country, and Kefauver has won primary af- ter primary, because of the evan- gelistic spirit he somehow arouses. One eminent supporter explained: an institution. That coonskin cap has done "He's damned something. He has destiny on his side. It really seems like God has put His hand on his shoulder and said, 'Go forth young man and be President.' Second, neither destiny, nor tele- vision, nor bull luck, nor his sup- porters' notion that Kefauver is equipment to save lives until i has been beyond doub that no survivors exist.' Stewart Brown, Pan American chief mechanic at Belem, and U. S Ah- Force Capt. Robert Metzger scanned the wreckage and agreec with Olney's opinion there were no survivors. Twenty-seven planes from U. S. Air Force and Navy, the Brazil Air Force and commercial lines took part in the search. American paramedics doctors and medical corpsmen trained for parachute been flown from Puerto Rico for a possible drop to help survivors. The dead crew was captained by Albert Grossarth, 36, of La Grange Park, 111., and the passengers in- cluded several U. S, and Latin- the special pet of the Almighty, is j American businessmen and South the real explanation of Kefauver's success so far. The secret lies, in fact, in the man himself. Kefauver is tall, amiable and immensely slow of speech and movement, and is thus accounted stupid by many. He has been in- dependent and is thus held in low esteem by the grandees of his par- ty. He has occasionally gone wan- dering off after some pretty strange ideas and is thus regard- ed as a lightweight. But there is one thing about Kefauver which no one can doubt who studies his rec- ord. Behind the smile, the public handshaking and the practiced folk- Continued on Page 17, Column 4.) ALSOPS American government officials. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- night and Saturday. Cooler to- night. Low tonight 48, high Satur- day 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 86; minimum, 59; noon, 77; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 17. 'Poor Kathalina. over the past year indicate the defense department .won't have too much trouble getting the proposed men, Air Force Re-enlistments Between April and March 31, 1952, the Air Force had about re-enlistments and enlist- ments. Between March and Feb 29, 1S52, the Navy had Army and Marine Corps enlist- ments are not made public. The reservists schedule for recall under this expansion an replacement program are abou half Navy enlisted reservists wh have had no prior active duty Lynch said. The releases planned for nex rear break down this way: draftees, Reserves and Na tional Guardsmen, regulars Max Conrad of Minneapolis and Winona waves from the cabin of his light plane at La Guardia Field in New York after a flight from Los Angeles in 24 hours and 54 minutes. He claimed it was a record for light aircraft for the flight non-stop be- tween the two cities. Wirephoto to The Eepublican-Herald) May Day Riots in Tokyo Laid To Communists TOKYO spokesmen said Japan's bloody anti-American May Day riots bore the "well faiown trademark of ruthless Com- viunism." Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway said the riots, in which at least were injured and possibly seven killed, were "clearly of alien in- spiration." U.S. Ambassador Robert D. Murphy called the riots "more of the same" Russian policy of spark- ing violence which he had seen in European cities. The newly arrived ambassador narrowly missed injury from fly- ing rocks. He told his first press conference he was surprised by the Ugly anti-foreign outbreak. _ But he said, "I felt a little bit ln hlttmS Red regjments along the Red Shells Damage 2 U.S. Destroyers SEOUL, Korea American destroyers were damaged sb'ghtly by Communist shore batteries in a gun duel that raged all Wednesday afternoon in besieged Wonsan harbor on Korea's East coast, the Navy announced today. The Navy said it was the longest ship-to-shore artillery duel of the Korean war. The Navy did not say whether there were any casualties. Gunners on the Destroyer Maddox were splashed by spray from 125 near misses. Several shrapnel holes were found on the ship. The-Destroyer Laffey, whicht------------------------------------------- Ike Has Close Lead Over Taft In Popular Vote By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Latest figures on the popular vote moved in to support the Maddox, reported 170 rounds of Red gunfire hit near the ship. The Air Force reported 22 U.S. Sabre jets jumped four Communist MIG-15s today and probably des- troyed one Red jet. Slower F-84 Thunderjets engaged four MIG-lSs but made no claims. Both fights were in Northwest Korea. Allied warplanes attacked rail lines in the western sector of North Korea while fighter-bombers team- ed with the first Marine Air wing at home as I watched, I detected a certain classic pattern and the same type of formations" as he saw in Communist-led European demonstrations. Worst Uprising The worst riot was between the Imperial Palace and Ridgway's headquarters as supreme U.N. com- mander in the Far East. Ridgway told a reception at the Imperial Hotel "such incidents happen any- where, anytime, when groups of people in the mass are misled and incited by fanatical, false Both Ridgway and Murphy said the anti-American atmosphere of ihe. riots would not alienate rela- ions between Japan and the U.S. Foreign Minister Katsuo Okazai ;old the ambassador Japan was sorry "American nationals and iroperty were involved in the riots." And the cabinet moved quickly to strengthen the nation's anti-subversive laws with a contro- new bill. The measure has inspired two eneral strikes by non-Communist abor unions. But after the May )ay riots, opponents said they saw little chance of blocking the bill. Police reported of their men were injured in breaking up biggest demonstrations in rent of the Imperial Palace in 'okyo and in the ancient capital f Kyoto. Others of the in- ured were rioters or innocent by- in presidential preference primar- ies in. eight states show Gen. Dwight Eisenhower has to tanders. One man was known to have een killed. Non-Communist labor I nions said seven men lost their ves, but this was not confirmed. 232 Charged With Sedition Police jailed 232 rioters and barged them, with sedition. The rosecutor's office said they would e tried as "criminals inciting sub- ersive disturbance." Conviction ould mean sentence ranging from fine of about a, week's pay' for working man up to ten years' im- battlefront. On the ground action was light but the weather was hot. The tem- perature hit 90 degrees Thursday. May day passed with only light contacts. But the Reds harassed Allied positions with the heaviest artillery and mortar fire in months. Nearly 6.000 rounds were hurled into Allied lines. Plant Burns At St. Cloud ST. CLOUD, Minn. Fire early today destroyed the main building of the Koch Son Manu- facturing Co., doing damage esti- mated at The firm makes truck bodies. Two large trucks, all equipment and a supply of materials was de- stroyed. The fire department bat- tled the blaze four hours, but was unable to save the building. Hope Dims for 7 In B-29 Crash TAMPA, Fla. UP) Officials at: MacDill Air Force base held little hope today for seven men aboard The exclusive of a B-29 Superfort which crashed and Democratic votes picked up by for Sen. Robert Taft of Ohio. The two are leading the field for the Republican presidential nom- ination and are about even in na- tional convention voting strength J among delegates so far chosen and willing to express a choice. Of the eight states so far having a preference vole, Eisenhower was on the ballot in three and was a write-in candidate in four others. He was not entered in Wisconsin and write-ins were not allowed there. Taft was voted on in all eight. He was on the ballot in four and a write-in candidate in four others. He tried unsuccessfully to with- draw his name from the New Jer- sey ballot. The latest official and unofficial figures compiled by The Associated Press show the following, with denoting write-ins: Elsenhower Vctr Hampshire Minnesota Nebraska Illinois ___ Wisconsin New Jersey MBSsachusetts 57.MO 135.30; (w) 387.854 (w) S5.88S r.'K.ssi) l.KKUIB rispnment. Riot leaders were mostly stu- ents or Koreans, sympathetic sank 30 miles at sea during low level target practice. Seven others aboard the bomber escaped with minor injuries. They were picked up by a fishing vessel yesterday. Two required hospital- ization. No trace of the other seven men aboard was seen while the surviv- ors were in the area or by surface craft and planes which scoured the vicinity later. MacDill said the cause of the ac- cident was not known. The men aboard had no time to get off a ith North Korean Communists, radio message before the crash, jof Eisenhower in Minnesota Pennsylvania and Massa- chusetts They also do not include Democratic votes polled by Taft in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts The tabulation is based on final official figures in New Hampshire, Minnesota, Nebraska and Wiscon- sin. The Illinois' count is incom-. plete, the New Jersey totals are the final unofficial returns, Penn- sylvania is incomplete, and Massa- chusetts is a complete unofficial count except for one precinct out Murray Orders Workers Back at President's Plea Industry Carries Appeal to U.S. Supreme Justices By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON CIO steelworkers, respond- ing' to a request from Presi- dent Truman, today called off their strike while the big legal battle over government seizure of the mills shifted to the Supreme Court. Union President Philip Murray announced in Pitts- burgh he had ordered his men to go back to work "as- soon as possible." Murray also accepted an invitation from Truman to confer at the White House tomor- row with industry leaders. There had been no formal ac- ceptance from the industry men but lawyers for the steel companies told reporters here the manage- ment representatives undoubtedly would accept. On the legal side, the steel in- dustry went to the Supreme Court with a plea that it (1) Uphold tha ruling by U. S. District Judge David A. Pine that Truman lacked any legal authority to seize the steel mills, and (2) Forbid government to raise wages while the court ij considering the mo- mentous issue. Industry Jump By this move, the Industry got the jump on government attorneys who themselves later took the case to the highest tribunal. The government asked the court to strike down Pine's decision. Acting Attorney General -Philip Perlman said in a petition to the court that Judge Pine erred in deciding against the legality of the presidential seizure, and also Jin oing into the constitutional ques- tions involved. Perlman contended the matter could have been disposed of in the lower court on issues of fact, with- out going into the question of con. stitutionality. Perlman argued too that if the Pine opinion should stand, it would in effect put the stamp of illegal- ity on such historic presidential actions as the Emancipation Pro- clamation which freed the slaves and the Louisiana Purchase which brought a large portion of the West into possession of the United States. Need Urgent The government said a "review and reversal" of Judge Pine's decision is "urgent." "We Perlman said, "that immediate review by this court of the judgment below is necessary. "The circumstances recited here amply demonstrate the crucial im- portance to the national security and to the defense of the North Atlantic community and the con- duct of hostilities in Korea, of maintaining uninterrupted produc- tion of steel." The government petition went on to contend: The decision of the district court, if not reviewed forthwith, will stand as a rigid and dogmatic barrier nof only to the efforts of the President to maintain contin- ued production of steel, but to any kind of executive action which may become necessary to meet other and unpredictable emergen- cies which may hereafter crowd upon the United States. That decision can and should be set aside." The court could grant a review to either the industry or the gov- ernment. Normally, court aides said, the court would either grant 3oth requests for hearings or deny )oth. If the requests were denied, the case would go back to the court of appeals here. Truman's move for a White House conference with both sides seemed obviously aimed at trying to get them to agree on a working contract If this should develop, the Su- preme Court might refuse to con- sider the case. The justices cus- tomarily decline to consider any case where the issue is as the legal phraseology goes. That means one where there is no live issue remaining. And the central issue government seizure be washed out if there were a contract agreement re- storing the to their owners, ;