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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 31, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Fair and Cold Tonight, Cloudy, Cold Thursday Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 110 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 31, 1954 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES H-Bomb Can Wipe Out Any City Ttiit Was The Scene in the Old State Dept Auditorium today as the President posed for pic- tures with Lewis L. Strauss, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission. Strauss announced to newsmen that an H-bomb big. enough to wipe out any city in the world can now be made. (UP Telephoto) ft i mt .5. Urged to Prepare For Worst in Indochina WASHINGTON '.-B-Sen. Douglas (D-IU) asserted today the United States ought to "ge; ready for the Senate. "I do not know what meas- worst" by enlisting .'forces of Paci-1 ures will prove to be necessary. fie free nations to fight Commu- nists in Indochina if they are needed. Douglas, a Marine officer in World War II, called for support of President Eisenhower and Sec- retary of State Dulles in seeking what Dulles called "united action" to prevent Communist conquest in Southeast Asia. irr j i LI. ci i do not know what measures j Asja would be great the free world and that: TODAY se k I i No U For Bigger H-Bombs this administration Douglas i ment of a solid front among the said in a speech prepared for the Allied powers in the forthcoming Asian peace negotiations at Geneva. The State Department said the British and French ambassadors had been informed oi' the Dulles speech in advance of delivery, but that it did.not.reflect the views of all three governments. In his prepared speech, Sen. Douglas proposed that the Presi- dent act immediately to "enlist the support and cooperation of Austra- lia, New Zealand, Indonesia, Ja- pan, the Philippines and other Far nations in resisting ag- gression." "I believe there should be an "I do not know what attitude the Republican party in Congress will take toward supporting the Presi- dent. But reading the record against the gravity of the secre- tary's words, I have my mis- givings." Dulles' said in a nationally tele- vised speech Monday night that Communist control of Southeast "The United States feels that that possibility should not be pas- sively accepted but should be met j immediate assignment of military by united action. functions and allotment of forces Dulles gave no hint of what form I to be supplied if worst comes to such action might take, and in- formed officials said it may hinge largely on responses of the British, French and other governments. It seems certain that a specific American objective is the develop- he said, India's ambassador, G. L. Mehta, said after a conference with Dulles yesterday he does not believe "united action" necessarily means military action. Molotov Offers New Proposal on Europe MOSCOW Minister V. M. Molotov called in the am- By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP to ad- vance estimates, the next hydrogen bomb in the current Pacific test series should develop a power of about 40 megatons. This means a bomb with some times the power of the Hiroshima bomb, capable of laying waste an area of. about a thousand square miles. bassadors of the United States, Britain and France today and The test of this bomb has been I handed them a Soviet note containing proposals for European Ike to Sign Excise Tax Cut Bill Today Throws Budget Billion Dollars Deeper in Red By JOE HALL WASHINGTON wi _ President Eisenhower said today he will sign the 999 million dollar excise tax cut bill and believes it will help stimulate business. The President told his news con- ference he will put his signature the measure later in the day. He added he has every reason to be- lieve enactment of the tax reduc- tion will be a stimulating factor in the American economy. Eisenhower decided to sign the bill into cuts will be ef- fective though it throws his budget for the next year a billion dollars deeper in the red. The compromise measure, carry- ing an estimated 999 million dol- lars worth of cuts on dozens of products, shot through Congress yesterday with overwhelming ap- proval. The House vote was 395-1, the Senate 72-8, James C. Hagerty, White House press secretary, dispelled whatever lingering doubts there were about the President's attitude by com- menting late yesterday: "He'll probably sign it tomorrow morning." To Pass Cuts Along There was evidence that most of the cuts would be passed along to consumers, providing a stimulus to retail trade in many lines. General Electric Co. and West- inghouse Electric Corp. announced that their home appliances would be reduced by the amount of the tax reduction and the Philco Corp. and the Crosley and Bendix Divis- ion of Avco Manufacturing Corp. indicated they would follow suit. So did other makers of home laundry machines. Following is the vote of Northwest Senators Monday on the compromise bill cutting some federal excise taxes: Minnesota Thye and Hum- phrey for. Wisconsin Wiley and Mc- Carthy not listed. Jewelry and fur dealers already had said they would be glad to give the tax savings to their customers. Only in the case of the movies did it appear that the consumer The Kitchen Part of an Army mess hall burns after a C119 plane crashed at Fort Bragg, N. C. Smoke from burning aircraft rises above rescue workers. At least six persons, including the pilot, 1st Lt. Albert W. Parks, Cannelton, Ind., were killed. (AP Wirephoto) 2 Jail Escapees Caught in Tulsa TULSA, Okla. men identified by police as having es- caped Sunday in a jail break at St. Paul, Minn., were in custody here today. Officers Leroy Cowles and Doug Henson, who made the arrests, said the pair was Donald Joseph Matthews, 31, and Bruce M. Brown, 26. The officers quoted the prisoners as saying they split Monday in a small Kansas town with three oth- er men who fled with them from the jail after overpowering" two jailers. delayed, while its probable power is recalculated, and the danger area extended. With so monstrous a force involved, this caution is understandable, especially in view of the fact that the scientists were made a party to the European wrong about the first bomb in the security system which the Russians security. Contents of the note were not disclosed by the ambassadors, who cabled the text to their respective capitals. Paris reports said the Russians proposed that the United States be test series. offered at Berlin and that the President Eisenhower himself is U. S. S. R. join the North Atlan- the authority for the statement that the scientists were "surpris- ed and astonished" by the results of this first test. What surprised and astonished them was that the bomb developed a power of up- wards of 14 megatons, almost twice the power they had estimated. Almost Fatal This miscalculation, which was wholly understandable in view of the incredible complexity of mak- ing such estimates, was almost fatal to the American crew of a B36 heavy bomber. The bomber was flying some IS miles from ground zero, the point where the bomb was exploded. This was en- tirely acceding to to prior calculations, the plane should hav-e been safe at this dis- tance from ground zero. But the shock wave from the explosion was so much greater than anticipated that the plane was actually turned over on its back in mid-air. The dazed crew was barely able to right the plane and avoid a crash. The fact is that the scientists have consistently underestimated the terrible forces which they re- leased when (hey opened the nu- clear Pandora's Box. At first, for example, they thought that the power of the original model of the atomic bomb could not be much increased. This was because a "critical amount" of fissionable so much, no more, no required to start the chain reaction. Yet President Eis- enhower has stated that an atomic bomb with fully 25 times the power of the Hiroshima model has now been developed. The scientists were even more tic Treaty Organization. Western embassy officials said the Soviet note was 10 pages long. The Molotov proposals apparent- ly were intended as an advance statement for the Geneva confer- ence of the Big Four with Red China and other powers opening April 26. At the recent Berlin Big Four conference Molotov proposed a European security plan which re- jected the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the proposed Eu ropean security plan which reject- ed the North Atlantic Treaty Or- ganization and the proposed Eu- ropean Defense Community. Molotov asserted that these Western plans divided Europe and set one section of Europe against another, thus threatening peace. would not get the full benefit. Many theater owners have said they face bankruptcy under corn- Matthews and Brown were ap- prehended without resistance when the officers became suspicious of their actions as they drove through the city. Cowles and Henson said the men were in a stolen' auto- mobile which contained a .22 cali- ber rifle converted into a pistol, a combination tear gas gtm'and1 billy club and a shotgun. The escapees still at large are Terrence Farrell, Murl R. Jarvis and Arland Gerberding, all held on robbery charges, Farrell is be- lieved to be heading east after the Eau Claire, Wis., filling station op- erator identified him as the man who robbed him of Monday, Grand Jury Blames Laxity for Jail Break ST. PAUL UP) The Ramsey Officials Probe Into Mess Hall County Grand Jury says that es- cape of five prisoners from the jail here Sunday was due to incompe- petition from television in the tent' guards and general laxity in home. But trade sources said re-1 handling of dangerous criminals cently some movie houses would In a report Tuesday, jurors also cut their prices by the amount of the tax cut. The measure also saves in revenue by extending for another year increases in major excises voted in 1951-after the Ko- rean War started. These involve autos, trucks, gasoline, cigarettes, liquor, wine and beer. Estimate Deficit The administration asked for the extensions and figured on this rev- enue in its budget for fiscal 1955 starting this July 1. Even so, this (Continued on Page 19, Column 4) IKE Where Cuts Apply strikingly wrong about the hy- (Continued on Page 15, Column 5) ALSOPS 90 Years for Triple Slaying FAIRMONT, Minn. ffi-Richard Wisdorf, 15-year-old'-Sherburn High School sophomore, pleaded guilty in district court today to third degree murder in the deaths of his parents and grandmother. He was sentenced to 30 years on each of three counts, the sentences to run consecutively. The charge originally was first degree murder. However, this was reduced with the consent of Martin County authorities. Young Wisdorf was ordered into custody of the Youth Conservation Commission, He was to be taken to St. Cloud Reformatory late today. WASHINGTON (R Here are the reductions in federal excise tax rates contained in the bill sent to President Eisenhower. They take effect Thursday if he signs the bill as expected. Present rate listed first, new rate second: to 10 per cent. to 10 per cent. Luggage, including 20 to 10 per cent. Toilet to 10 per cent. Long distance telephone service to 10 per cent. Local telephone to 10! to 10 per cent. utors, to get tax refunds on appli- ances they held Thursday; they will be reimbursed for the 5 per cent tax reduction by the manu- facturer, who in turn will get a refund from the government. Sporting to 10 per cent. Electric light bulbs and 20 to 10 per cent. Distributors also will get "floor stocks" refunds on these. Fountain pens, mechanical pen- cils and ball point to 10 per cent. Cameras, lenses and per cent. Domestic telegraph, cable and radio to 10 per cent. Leased wire teletypewriter or talking circuit special to 10 per cent. Passenger fares on trains, planes and to 10 per cent. Purchasers of tickets before April 1 for use after that date can get refund from issuer. Safe deposit to 10 per cent. Household appliances including refrigerators, stoves, fans, water heaters, flat irons, air heaters, electric blankets, grills, toasters, broilers, mixers, juicers, food choppers and clothes driers, dehumidifiers, dishwashers, floor polishers, waxers, mangles, garbage disposals, power lawn mowers, home freezers and elec- tric door to 5 percent. The bill carries a "floor 'stocks" amendment which permits distrib- Tickets to movies, professional baseball games and other amuse- ments but not including horse and dog races and night to 10 per cent on tickets costing 51 cents or more; tax eliminated on tickets costing so cents or less. Purchasers of tickets before April criticized the sheriff for failure to report the escape to police imme- diately and pointed out that no in- structions had been readied for handling emergencies at the jail. Corinne Calvet Tries Suicide With Sleeping Pills WEST LOS ANGELES, Calif. W actress Corinne Calvet is reported by police to have attempt- ed suicide early today by taking an overdose of sleeping capsules The 27-year-old screen beauty was found lying on the floor of her bathroom at a.m., with 20 pills missing from a medicine bottle containing- seconal capsules said officers T. B. .Ley and E. R St. John. After emergency treatment at Santa Msnica Hospital she was sent home. Miss Calvet's physician, Francis J. Abdo, said she 11 Dead, i 9 Hurt As Blast, Fire Rip N.Y. School CHEEKTOWAGA, N. Y. At le-'.st li persons, most of them school children, 'were killed today in an explosion and fire that ripped through the frame annex of an elementary school in this Buffalo Suburban community. At least 19 others were burned or injured. The bodies of the 11 known dead were found in the ruins of the one- story building. Firemen probed for others. wjui uve It was behaved some teachers passengers and a crew of four. The might have been among the cas- Other two crewmen and two pas- FT. BRAGG, N. C. Air. Force and Army officials today probed the smoldering remains of a C11S Flying Boxcar which went out of control here yesterday and crashed into a mess hall, killing seven and injuring 10. With one engine blazing, the ship went out of control shortly after taking off -from nearby Pope Air Force Base, hit a bachelor officers quarters, careened crazily across a parade ground and ripped into a mess hall. The plane and the mess ha! burst into flames fed by gasoline. Five men aboard the plane were killed, including the pilot, 1st. Lt. Albert W. Parks, 25, of Cannelton, Ind. Two men in the mess hall were killed The body of A.l.C. R. V. Short, 24, son of Mr. and Mrs. Lester1 Short, Blackey, Ky., was the last removed from the debris. He was the plane's radio operator. Five of the injured were in the mess hall preparing dinner. The plane had taken off for Louisville, with five Army ualties. There were no immediate identi- fications. AEC Chairman Strauss Reports Test Successful Views Given to Public at ike's Press Conference t WASHINGTON' wi Chairman Lewis L. Strauss of the Atomic Energy Commission said today a hydrogen bomb big enough to out any city in the world now can be made. Strauss made Ine statement at President Eisenhower's weekly news conference. He attended the conference to give the public a partial report on the recent H-- bomb tests in the far Pacific. The AEC chairman said the March 1 and March 26 tests "were successful" and declared that 'enormous potential has been add- ed to our military posture." He denied reports that the first blast, which exposed a number of Americans, Japanese and Marshall islanders far from the explosion scene to "hot" ashes, went out of control. Not Out of Control "It was a stupendous Strauss said. "But at no time wai the testing out of control." He said the power of the explo- sion was about twice what scien- ists had margin of er- ror not unusual, he added, in test- ing "a totally new weapon." An unexpected shift in the wind carried atomic particles to the area where a Japanese fishing trawler was cruising, Strauss added. Strauss said the tests bring thf commission "very much nearer" ;o satisfying the requirements of he armed forcer, and hasten tne day when the EC can devote more attention to developing peacetime uses of atomic energy. President Eisenhower listened with ..Veen attention as 'ust back from the: Pacific read a four-page statement and jjen answered a few questions. In reply to one question, Strausj iaid, without qualification, that an H-bomb large enough to "take out" city can be made. Any City "How big a he was asked. "Any Strauss replied. "New a report-er ressed. Strauss nodded and said, metropolitan area." Eisenhower himself said earlier isre is some possibility the Rus- sians are getting ready to talk bus- seagers were among the injured. mess about a pian for international Another man was injured fighting the fire. March Bids Most of Nation Cold Adieu By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS There was nothing lamb-like about today's weather as March prepared to bow out with a cold snap continuing over a major part of the country. Cold air extended from the northern Rocky Mountains east- ward across New England. Southward the leading edge of the cold air mass spread from Virginia southvvestward to Texas and nortn- Dr. 'has been under great emotional strain for the past two months because of personal and professional cir- cumstances." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair and continued cold tonight. Thursday increasing cloudiness and rather cold. Low tonight 18, 1 for use after that date entitled high Thursday 36. to refund from issuer. Tickets to college athletic events in regular per cent tax eliminated. Tickets to nonprofit museums and per cent tax eliminated. Civic theater amateur perform- per cent tax eliminated. two cents per tax modified so that it can not exceed 10 per cent of manu- facturer's price. Cutting six cents a gallon tax modified so that it can- not exceed 10 per cent of manu- facturer's price. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 38; minimum, 20; noon, 28; precipitation, .03 sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No, Central Observations) Max. temp. 31 at p.m. Tues- day. Low 17 degrees at a.m. today. Noon 29, scattered layer of clouds at feet, visibility 15 miles wind from the west at 15 miles per hour, barometer 30.21 steady, hu- midity 59 per cent. westward into the southern Rock- :s. Temperatures were below zero in some northern states and it was freezing and below over wide areas. It was four degrees below zero in Houlton, Maine, and one below in International Falls, Minn. In contrast, it was 82 above at Laredo, Texas, and 74 in Miami as mild weather continued in southern Texas and Florida. Light snow fell early today in the central Reekie's and in the upper Great Lakes region. Showers, sleet and light snow were reported in the Middle Atlantic spates. Skies were cloudy over most of the area from Texas northeastward over the middle Mississippi Valley and east- ward to the Atlantic Coast. Fair weather, however, prevailed over the Florida Peninsula and other sections of the country. Heavy snow fell Tuesday in parts of Colorado and Wyoming, with nearly two feet in the Walden area of northern Colorado. peacetime use of atomic energy. He made this statement when asked what significance the gov- ernment attaches to the recent publication by the Russians of some deta0s of their atomic and H-weapon research. The President said he didn't that many discussions have been held and the result is inconclusive. There are some, he went on, apparently meaning some of his advisers, who think this indicates a change in Soviet policy and a disposition to negotiate earnestly and honestly. Hotel Vandals Not From Red Wing MINNEAPOLIS W) Juvenile authorities said today they had identified four Minneapolis boys as the ones who caused some damage to a room in the Sherman Hotel Friday night. The boys had registered as bas- ietball fans from Red Wing. When :hey left, the room was a sham- bles and there was evidence the soys had been drinking.' Stalled And Abandoned, these automobiles like countless others, lay under a blanket of snow along Main street in Buffalo, N. Y., .after the worst storm of the year. The weather bureau said the official fall was 11 inches, with drifts of 15 inches or more. The prediction was for con- tinued snow. (AP Wirephoto) V ;