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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 31, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Continued Mild; Drizzle Early Tonight River Stage 24-Hour Today 6.08 Year Ago 5.78 .03 VOLUME 52, NO. 37 FIVE CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 31, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Democrats Sera Democratic Leaders in Congress posed at the White House today after going over the legislative program with President Truman. Left to right: Vice President Alben W. Barkley, House Speaker Sam Rayburn Senate Leader Ernest W. McFarland (D-Ariz) and House Leader John W. McCormick Two of the four, Barkley and Rayburn, have been mentioned as pos- sible Democratic presidential candidates now that President Truman has revealed that he will not seek re-election. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Wisconsin Primary May Draw Million By R ELM AN MORIN MILWAUKEE Wisconsin primary, a pivotal election in any presidential year, took on added importance today as a result of President Truman's decision not to seek re-election in November. Voters go to the polls tomorrow. At stake are 30 Republican delegates and 28 Democratic delegate votes in the presidential nominating conventions next July. more important, observers TODAY Senator s Memory Suffers By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON An examina- tion of Sen. Styles Bridges' testi- mony before the House Internal Revenue Subcommittee last week points to the conclusion that the Senator really ought to consult a memory expert. He was being questioned about. his arduous ef- forts on behalf of H. H. Klein, a tax-delinquent Baltimore liquor speculator. Detailed records of the senator's numerous telephone con- versations and other contacts with Bureau of Internal Revenue offi- cials clearly indicated the sena- tor's deep and lasting interest in the case. Yet his memory seemed curious But feel, are the probable effects on the prospects of the three principal Republican candidates battling here, as well as the outlook for Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee, the major Democratic candidate. Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, Gov. .Earl Warren of California, and Ex- Governor of Minnesota Harold E Stassen are competing for the Re- publican delegates. Taft said yesterday he did not "see how President Truman's deci- sion" affects the Republican con test in Wisconsin. He also saw the possibility that the Democrats might have to draft the President as their candidate. Eyes On Wisconsin "They are likely to find that any candidate who can be nominated at all is weaker than Truman him- Taft said. But the Democratic race, in which Kefauver has been contend- ing against two separate slates, each claiming to represent the President, may be sharply influenc- ed by Truman's announcement Wisconsin political observers. Ike Write-In Wins 2 Districts State Canvassing Board Meets On Tuesday ST. PAUL Burn- quist ruled today that the state canvassing board should declare Gen. Dwight Eisenhower as the candidate endorsed for the presi- dential nomination by Republican voters in the Third and Fifth 'ongressional Districts. Eisenhower was a write-in candi- date in the March 18 state presi- dential primary election, and re- ceived the highest number of votes in those two districts. But, Burnquist added, the can- assing board cannot declare that he two delegates in each district lave been elected, since there were 110 Eisenhower delegates on he ballot. This means possible court action by supporters for Harold Stassen to have the delegates certified for him since there was a Stassen delegate slate printed on the bal- lot. .Stassen captured the delegates in the other seven congressional districts, in addition to the seven delegates at large, ond to Eisenhower A Cheery Smile wreaths the tanned face of President Truman as he tucks his prepared speech under his arm after adding to it a momentous declaration. He told a vast crowd at the ?100-a-plate Jefferson-Jackson Day dinner in Washington that he did not feel it was his duty to spend another four years in the White House. "I shall not be a candidate for he said. "I have served my country long and, I think, efficiently and honestly." His an- nouncement threw the presidential race wide open. but was see- in the third throughout the often expressed campaign, the belief have that thousands of Democrats in the state may cross party lines tomor- ttb j TIT Jy dim. His favorite phrase was row ?nd vote or War _ __. _ _ fan Cnn "I do not which he re- peated thirty-four times during the course of his brief testimony. He also said "I do not know" (fifteen "I have ,no recollection" (14 "I not (or cannot) remember" (12 "I could not say" (ten 'and he em- ployed less frequently such alter- native phrases as "I have no par- ticular "I could not be "I could not tell and "It is impossible for me to recollect." Hostile Witness It is interesting to speculate on the horrid fate of a "hostile" wit- ness before the McCarran com- mittee, for example, who displayed such astonishing memonic weak- ness. Yet the Bridges episode is interesting also for another and more generally significant reason. The records of his efforts on be- ren in an effort to defeat Sen. Taft. The labor vote, they said, may shift to the GOP side. One of Kefauver's campaign lieu- tenants recently said, "we are more afraid of that than we arej of the other two states." Charles E. Broughton, leader of one of the two Democratic groups, running as a "favorite said in a statement yesterday: "President Truman, like Presi- dent Roosevelt in 1940. has declared he will not be a candidate for re- election. This does not mean clos- ing the door. The convention will draft him or nominate Gov. Stev- enson of Illinois, or some other good administration Democrat." Taft closed his speaking cam- paign last night in Milwaukee. He noted in his speech that "Cali- fornia has the highest budget in its apparent jab at Gov. Warren. And he said "I don't i and fifth districts. Complete Returns Complete returns from the March 18 state presidential pri- mary election show that Write-in Candidate Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower received votes against for favorite-son Harold E. Stassen, whose name was printed on-the ballot These semi-official returns were tabulated by The Associated Press from duplicate reports sent to Sec- retary of State Mike Holm's office by the state's 87 county auditors. The duplicates are prepared from the official figures mailed in seal- ed envelopes. The state canvassing board meets Tuesday in Holm's office. The five-member board must decide what to do with the four delegates in the third and fifth congressional districts, where Gen. Eisenhower received pluralities. Both the Eisenhower and Stassen forces are claiming these dele- gates. for Taft Edward C. Slettedahl, St. Paul school teacher who was a "stand- in" for Gen. Douglas MacArthur on the ballot, received a total vote of Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, how- Democrats Throng the National Guard Armory at Washington for the annual Jefferson-Jackson Day dinner. President -and Mrs. Truman are in the center of the speaker's table Cameramen work from the raised stand (left, It was at this dinner that President Truman announced he would .not seek the presidential nomination. (AP Wirephoto) half of the liquor speculator came recall any generals with great rec- ever, received that surpassed "write-in" votes Slettedahl's totaL to light purely by accident There are certainly many similar rec- ords buried away in government files. The relationship between members of Congress with axes to grind and those departments and agencies where axes can be more profitably ground is clearly a fertile field for investigation. Indeed, there is no more signifi- cant area of inquiry. Where the approval of a contract may mean great profits for a powerful busi- ness; where a simple administra- tive ruling by an executive agency may transform a whole industry; where a tax settlement may make the difference between ruin or great wealth, heavy pressures are by the very nature of things sure to be brought to bear on govern- ment officials. And those most cap- able of bringing pressure to bear are not the five-percenters or the lobbyists who operate on the ords for economical spending" probably a reference to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, who defeat- ed Taft in the New Hampshire pri- mary, three weeks ago. i Taft got Write-ins for Gen. MacArthur totaled only an Gov. Earl Warren Misce lanepus write-in votes on the R publican ballot were less than SOi while those on the Democra Farmer-Labor ballot ran slightl in excess of U. S. Sen. Hubert Humphrey favorite-son candidate on the DF ballot, far outdistanced bis closes opponent. Write-in Candidate Este Kefauver. Humphrey's total wa as against for Ke fauver. President Truman received write-ins. Significant is the fact that Gen Eisenhower got write-ins on the DFL half th number cast for Truman. The total Republican vote ran 294.900 against for the DFL Eisenhower is not entered in the I In the third district Eisenhower Wisconsin primary, but even in ab- sentia, he has exerted considerable influence on the campaigning here. Stassen has announced he would turn over half of the total dele- gates he may win here to Eisen- hower on the first ballot at the GOP nominating convention. The War- ren slate is composed largely of candidates who originally favored Eisenhower and turned to Warren when the general did nbt give his consent to entering this contest Warren has said he is campaign- ing for himself. His delegates, however, have worked hard to con- vince Wisconsin voters that a "vote for Warren is a vote for Eisenhow- er." Warren returned to California fringes of government, but key' yesterday. SJassen was scheduled members of Congress with the to come back to Wisconsin today- power to deny to executive agen-1 flying in by helicopter from Ne- cies needed appropriations or leg- braska for three final appear- islation. ances. got votes more than Stassen and in the fifth district the general received almost votes more than the former governor. The canvassing board will have before it a legal opinion from Atty. Gen. Burnquist suggesting the procedure it should follow in the third and fifth districts. There is no argument over cer- tifying the other 21 seven delegates at-large and the 14 in the other seven congressional favor of Stassen. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy, continued mfld tonight and Tuesday, except local rain or drizzle early tonight Low tonight 42, high Tuesday 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 ions look at this aspect the outcome of the election ending at 12 m. Sunday: lationship between the legislative row. One of Taft's campaign lead- Maximum. 55- minimum. Fwr Congress j All three Republican candidates Yet no one has ever had a expressed confidence about executive branches of the gov- srnment The reason is obvious. Executive branch officials are nev- ir unduly curious because they fear Congress. And Congress is aever enthusiastic about investiga- (Continued on 9, Column 5) ALSOPS ers recently estimated Taft might win as snany as 24 of the total 30 delegate races. The senator, him- self, said he considered 20 a min- imum. Intensive campaigning has stir- red wide interest and some observ- ers estimated the total vote may so near a million. Maximum, 55; minimum, 27j noon, 53; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 58; minimum. 45; noon, 51; precipitation. 32: sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 13. Wilson ResignSf Steel Strike Feared Inevitable By STERLING F. GREEN WASHINGTON (fP) Charles E. Wilson's sudden resignation as mobilization di- rector in protest at administration steel price policies dimmed hopes today of averting a nation-wide steel strike April 8. The industry, resuming peace talks in New York with the CIO United Steelwork- ers, found itself with no assurance of a price boost to offset a government-recommended hourly wage increase. Top-Level Talks Asked by Reds By SAM SUMMERLIN MUNSAN, Korea staff officers today proposed that tofi level negotiators try to break the deadlock over whether Russia should help police a Korean truce. The Reds suggested the joint sub- committee on armistice supervision for the first time in more than two months at 11 a. m. to- morrow (9 p. m. EST CoL Don O. Darrow said the J.N. command reply would be in Communist hands two hours before the meeting would begin. The Reds nominated Russia as me of their three representatives in a neutral inspection commission last Feb. 16. They say Russia qualifies as a icutral and has every right to in- spect troops and supplies moving into Korei during a truce. The Al- es say Russia is in effect a bel- igerent and is wholly unacceptable. Staff officers have made no bead- way toward an agreement and for days there have been re- xirts that the issue would be hand- ed to top negotiators. A second group of staff officers 'orking on plans for tra-hanging irisoners of war completed a full eek of secret sessions. There was 30 hint as to whether the negotia- 3rs made progress., The future of wage-price control itself clouded overnight Today the steel industry and the CIO United Steelworkers post- poned indefinitely their wage talks. Sen. Maybank (D-SC) broke off hearings of his Senate Banking Committee on the extension of the Defense Production Act, which ex- pires June 30, "until the air has cleared." The future of controls, Maybank said, should not be deliberated in a "wave of hysteria and confusion, charges and countercharges." Truman designated his assistant, John R. Steelman, to direct the Office of Defense Mobilization until a successor to Wilson was named. Wage Terms Upheld The President, in accepting Wil- son's resignation, declared the wage terms recommended by the Wage Stabilization Board were "by no means He said he believed steel profits were Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Il- linois stands and waves as he receives an ovation at the Jef- ferson-Jackson Day dinner at Washington. (AP Wirephoto) ew Die-HardsConvinced Truman Draft-Proof President Will Fight for Man Party Chooses as Its Candidate By ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON Truman convinced all but the most stubborn Truman die-hards today that he is "draft-proof" and sent them on a desperate hunt for a new Democratic standard bearer. Many seemed inclined to go along with his own ap- parent choice of Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Stev- enson will three avowed presidential candidates already in the field claimed new support and brightened prospects. The always unpredictable, though seldom dramatic Truman outdid himself Saturday night when, near the end of a "give 'em hell" speech against the Repub- licans at a 5100-a-plate Demo- cratic rally, he departed from his prepared text to say: "I shall not be a candidate for re-election. I have served my country long and, I think, effi- ciently and honestly. "I shall not accept a renqmina- tion. I do not feel that it is my duty to spend another four years in the White House------" Present The more than diners packed into the National Guard Armory had applauded frequently but not too enthusiastically during his speech. However, when he came to his dramatic announce- ment there arose cries of "No, No." Most of the audience, not all of them pro-Truman, appeared stunned, even shocked. When newsmen asked if any de- velopment could bring him to re- verse his decision, the President said, whatever." By the time he appeared at a Democratic reception yesterday afternoon at the Mayflower Hotel, some of his friends were still talk- ing of a draft. More practical poli- ticians were hunting a new "band- .The personal enthusiasm for Truman welled into something big and emotional and even tear- stirring when he stepped up at yesterday's reception to address fellow party workers while the ballroom orchestra played "Hail to the and "I'm in Love With a Wonderful Guy." Applause, ChMrs He had a hard time getting started, so insistent were the ap- plause and cheers. Cries of "We want Truman" kept interrupting, but finally he urged them to "get IF. there and pitch" Here's What Truman Said WASHINGTON are tht words President Truman added to his speech Saturday night to an- nounce he would not run for re- election: "I shall not be a candidate for re-election. I have served my country long and, .1 think, effi- ciently and honestly. "I shall not accept a renomins- tion. I do not feel that it is my duty to spend another four years in the White House." (Cries of "No, from the floor.) "We must always remember the things the Democratic party has done, and the high ideals that have made it great "We must be true to its prin- ciples and keep it foremost in service to the people. "If we do that, we can be TOTS there will be a Democratic Presi- dent in the White House for the next four years." and "confusion" among Democrats. Only the issue of "forced repatri- ion" remains unsolved in the risoner exchange debate. The Beds want all prisoners of war returned. The Allies insist that prisoners be allowed to choose bether they want to go home.- Two problems most be ironed out before an agreement is reached on trace snpervixioa. 'many times higher" than the pro- posed new wage costs. Wflson's letter was dated Friday but made effective today. It told the President Wilson could not 'accept public responsibility for major stabilization actions which I cannot control." The President voiced regret and paid tribute to Wilson's "vigor, competence and effectiveness" in bis post Both the letters were phrased in friendly and respectful terms. Bet they disclosed a vast policy conflict Originally, Wilson favored neither wage nor price increases in steeL He told associates they would have the widest inflationary repercus- sions. When the Wage Stabilization Board this month adopted the cent recommendation, ie protested economic stability. But he finally (Continued on t. Column 5) WILSON Truman Top Story in Europe LONDON Tru- man's withdrawal from the presi- dential campaign lists was a top story in Western Europe's news- papers today. Both non-Communist- and Red papers generally viewed the .Presi- dent's decision as a boost to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's chances at the White many non-Red West Europeans would like to see. The Reds were delighted at the promised departure from office of the man who led the western fight to contain Communism in Europe. The non-Communist papers also stressed the shock and confusion they said Truman's decision had created in the ranks of his party. Most officials declined to com- jment, but Danish Foreign Minis- 'ter Ole Bjoern Kraft probably spoke for all governments west of the Iron Curtain when he said Western Europe would follow the presidential election with the ex- pectation, "whatever the that the U.S.. would continue the "major lines of policy which, dur- ing President Truman's term of of- fice, have contributed so decisive- ly to the safeguards of peace, free- dom and democracy." Most non-Commnnist papers bad some editorial applause for the President's record in office. Italy's Communist organ, L'Uaita of Rome, sounded the Red keynote with another scathing denuncia- tion of Truman and TJ. S. poSiicy. The Moscow press so far was si- for a November victory. He prom- ised to work as enthusiastically for the party ticket "as if I were on it" Most of the world's press banner- lined Truman's decision to step down, but it had not yet been published in Moscow. London papers stressed the "shock" foresaw anese papers played the news big, but treated it editorially as a "trial balloon." British former Prime Minister Clement Attlee declined comment but other European officials were less reticent. Maurice Schumann, French sec- retary of state for foreign affairs, applauded Truman's "wisdom for knowing when to quit" West Ger- man circles worried about future U.S. foreign policy. Danish Foreign Minister Ole Bjoern Kraft ex- pressed hope it would be the same as that laid down by Truman. Silent on Choice The President, meanwhile, kept silent on his choice of a successor. Gov. Stevenson seemed more re- ceptive toward the nomination than formerly. As other political leaders began (Continued on Page It, Column 4) TRUMAN lent but was Most Likely Successors WASHINGTON (SI Now that President Truman is out of the running, who are the most likely choices for the Democratic nomi- nation? Here are the current possibili- ties, keeping in mind that a dead- locked convention might settle oa someone who isn't even being mentioned at present: Vice President Alben W. Bark- ley. the Soviet govern- ment Truman has been the .most unpopular president since the Soviet Union was launched 30 yean ago. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas. Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennes- see. Sen. Eofaert S. Kerr of Okla- homa. House Speaker Sam Rayburn of Texas. Sen. Richard B. Russell of Georgia. Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson of Ill- inois. to write Of these, only the three senators! jKefacver, Kerr and Russell, are actively seeking delegates. said in January he would not be candidate, _ Ike May Face Gag Unless He Leaves Army By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON 10 Should Dwight D. Eisenhower be nomina- ted for President, the range of topics he could discuss in cam- paign speeches could be governed by whether he retires from activt duty or resigns his commission. Some Secret Matters Some of the things be could talk about as "Mr. Eisenhower" would they be different from matters he would jap. be privileged to discuss as a re- tired officw of the United States Army. A retired it five-star to be subject to Army -regulations. An officer who resigns his commission severs all relations with the Array: He also forfeits retirement Some possible issues in a cam- paign include subjects which bear security classifications secret, confidential or restricted. Oftem classification stamps remain on in- formation years after the real rev sons for security have disappeared: Many documents of World War n are still classified. Should Eisenhower, as a retired general or officer in inactive statui. discuss subjects still classified would be guilty of violation of Army regulations. But as a civilian, with no mili- tary connection because he had re- signed from the military, he would be committing no infraction of regulations. He would be guided only by propriety. Eisenhower .repeatedly has been privy to international and national decisions of transcendant import- ance. And others will become im- portant as the political campaign develops arguments over Vbs poli- cies, past and present, of the ocratic administration. Decisions For example, decisions made in World War U and immediately thereafter, including agreements with Russia, are now. There has been questioning in Congress of the right of the ad- ministration to send four additional divisions to Europe without seeking congressional sanction. Both of those, and other which may become issues in the emerging campaign, are matters which presumably involved consul- tation with the highest military of- ficials concerned among them Eisenhower, How, much should he tell of communications -and documents saw, of the conferences attended; Either "Mr." Eisenhower "Gen." Eisenhower wffl have to decide should be become the publican ;