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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 30, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Continued Cold 'Tonight And Wednesday Want Ads Cost as Little As 65 Cents NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 109 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 30, 1954 TWENTY PAGES Power to Lower Tariffs Parity Asked in Farm Plan Aiken, Anderson Introduce Bill To Soften Cuts Government Would Support Fluid Milk Prices Second H-Bomb Set Off by U. S. By FRED S. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON IR-The United States has triggered its second hydrogen blast in less than a as waves of reaction from the epic March 1 explosion still Were rolling through Congress and foreign capitals. The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) disclosed the latest tesl detonation in a bare announcement last night. It said "The second test of the 'present thermonuclear By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON new gov- ernment price support system for dairy aimed at softening the reduction ordered _______ -.-r_______ by Secretary of Agriculture Ben- j ported to have packed a wallop unveiled today by Sen- i 600 or 700 times greater than the series was successfully carried out on Friday, March 26." AEC gave no hint of the intensity of this latest blast, touched off in super-secrecy at the government's testing ground in the mid-Pacific Marshall Islands. Bit by bit, the awescvme power of the March 1 blast has been un- veiled to the world. Tests Continuing From all indications, that ex- involved an actual, usable hydrogen ed scientific expectations. It is re- Flamef Envelope a huge B36 bomber that crashed and burned near a gate at Fairchild Air Force Base at Spokane, Wash., Mon- day. Seven men were killed. Air Force firemen attempted in vain to save the craft. (AP Wirephoto) 7 Killed, 3 Survive Spokane B36 Crash SPOKANE, Wash. of the 10 men aboard were killed yes- terday in the flaming crash of a B36 bomber that fell seconds after takeoff and burst into flames. The plane hit the ground hard Door Open To Strong Federal Aid just off the runway at Fairchild Air Force Base, skidded through a small construction shed and quickly burned amid towers of dense The Churchill Says Fears Groundless On H-Bomb Control LONDON W) Prime Minister Churchill said today there is no foundation for fears that American hydrogen bomb explosions will get out of control. Answering a barrage of ques- smoke visible for miles. tions on the H-bomb in the House By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON President Ei- senhower is now getting an almost I rison, Kansas City. daily briefing on the economic j A.2.C. George W. King, three survivors crawled, stumbled or were thrown to safe- ty. A witness said it was "unbe- lievable" that anyone couid have escaped. The extent of their injuries couldn't be determined immediate- ly nor could they say exactly how they got out alive. The cause of the crash was a mystery. Fairchild officials identified six of the dead as: M.Sgt. Heyward B. Davis, Plant City, Fla. M.Sgt. Frank Rea, Ozone Park, N. Y. S.Sgt. E. Ryan, 3035 Har- Retailers Start General Price Cuts on Butter THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Butter prices already were on situation. When he said at his press conference on Wednesday that he saw no need for "slam bang" Hustonville, Ky. Rt. 1, A.l.C. Richard S. Scalia, 93 Wil- action on the economic front! it low St" Waltham' was reflecting, of course, the com-1 A.l.C. Willard Daniels, Rt, 1, Gil- bined best judgment of the men best judgment of who brief him. more Lake, Minong, Wis. The name of the seventh victim Chief among the briefers are withheld because of inability resident's three-man j to contact kin, the Air Force said. The survivors were Capt. Walter M. Koller, the aircraft command- er; Maj. Virgil L. Westling, the pilot; and 1st Lt. Leroy B. Ross, the engineer. All have their homes here. President's Economic Advisors; his special! economic assistant, Dr. Gabriel' Hauge; and the man he listens tc most carefully Secretary ofi the Treasury George Humphrey.! These men unanimously agree that there is no clear and present dan- ger of the economic down trend getting out of hand, Yet it is uorth noting that the President left the door much open to strong action in the future. And this suggests two questions which need to answered. Time for Counter If the down trend continues, at of Commons, Churchill rejected Laborite demands for international of the government's Thursday cut consultation on control over future j in support prices from 90 to 75 ators Aiken (R-Vt) and Anderson Aiken is chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee and Ander- son is a former secretary of agri- culture. In an interview, Aiken said they had not cleared their proposals with Benson or the ad- ministration, but would introduce them today in the Senate. Aiken conceded that the propos- als if adopted should counter much of the criticism that has arisen in dairy areas and Congress because Bsnson lowered government dairy price supports from 90 to 75 per cent of parity, effective at mid- night tomorrow. Long-Range Stability "This would assure dairy pro- ducers about 80 per cent of Aiken said. "It should provide a atomic bomb that virtually obliter- ated Hiroshima in the waning days of World War II. That early atomic age bomb killed The AEC did not indicate wheth- er an actual H-bomb was explodec last Friday, or whether the tesi involved another thermonuclear "device" like the first one set off in the Marshalls in late 1952. The hydrogen tests are contin uing and another, perhaps greater blast is anticipated in late April. AEC said last night that "infor- mation highly important to nation- al defense is being derived from this test series." Rep. Van Zandt (R-Pa) said the AEC will brief him and other mem- bers of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee today on the results of the latest blast. Ever since the awesome details of the March 1 test began leaking, (Continued on Page 14, Column 6.) H-BOMB Dulles Urges Free Nations to Block Reds in Indochina ad- NEW YORK of State with long-range stability for all parts of I vance approval of President night urged "united the industry, especially farmers! action" by the free nations to prevent Communist domination of H-bomb tests in the Pacific. He said restrictions imposed by United States law would make such control impracticable and added: per cent of parity. Secretary of Agriculture Benson said he anticipated prices would level off at about the "mid or upper 60s" compared with retail prices currently starting at about f SLJ; not ,so- j 75 cents per pound, should not myself be ready to J But Northwest retailers with stocks on hand were starting to propose it." Churchill assured the house that American authorities "will con- tinue to take the most rigorous precautions to minimize the risks Cairo Students Protest Egypt's Military Rule 4. mi. j Jto move several thousand pounds CAIRO, _ Egypt ffl- Thousands of over bargain counter_ beat the gun with cuts of from 2 to 7 cents per pound in efforts to move their stocks. One Minneapo- lis chain cut the price to 63 cents per pound, a drop of 6 cents, and another cut its top qualty, 93 score product to 79 cents from 81. By far the lowest price in 'this area, however, was the 49 cents per pound tag at a St. Cloud de- partment store, featuring butter as a "loss leader." Archie Anderson, the store man- ager, said the quality of butter he was stocking for the sale had been selling in other St. Cloud outlets Monday for as much as 78 cents per pound. He said he expected and producers.' Both Aiken and Anderson have been supporting administra- tion proposals for ending rigid 90 per cent farm supports on major field crops in favor of a flexible system ranging from 75 to 90 per cent. Parity is a standard for farm prices said by law to be fair to producers in relation to prices they must pay. Key points in the new dairy pro- posals, as' outlined by Aiken, are: 1. For the first time the govern- Indochina and all Southeast Asia. Communist domination in that area of the world grave threat to the whole free Dulles major foreign policy declaration. "The United States feels that that possibility should not be pas- sively accepted, but should be met by united he said. "This might have serious risks. But these risks are far less than would face us a few years from now, if we dare not be resolute 'would be a said in a today. "Sometimes it is necessary to ment would support fluid milk take risks to win peace, as in war prices directly, instead of indirect- j it is necessary to take risk to win victory. The chances for peace are usually bettered by letting a po- tential aggressor know in advance where his Cairo University students demon- strated today with noisy slogans I and vows of an "armed struggle" The five-miUion-dollar bomber I against tfle Revolutionary Council's with six piston and four jet en-1 decision continue its military gines was taking off just at sunset on a routine training mission. After hearing a speaker call for what point will the administration- decide that the time for counter measures has come? And what sort of action will the administra- tion take? The President and his advisers have not, of course, defined in ad- vance the precise point at which action will be taken. Yet they do have a fairly clear picture of the sort of economic situation which would demand .strong counter mea- sures. If unemployment climbs to around 8 per cent of the total labor force a bit over un- employed and if other economic factors show a "net negative strong counter measures will then be in order. For human and political as well as economic reasons, the employ ment figures will be the most im- portant in arriving at a judgment. In a press conference statement on Feb. 17. in fact, the President used no other criteria, when he said that "we would have a very defi- nite warning" if employment did .not "begin to turn up" in March. The figures for March will not be available until mid-April, but the expectation is that there will be another slight increase in un- employment. Yet unless something suddenly goes very wrong, there is no intention of taking counter measures until the wnole economic picture for the spring begins to be (Continued on Page 7, Column 4) ALSOPS I Seconds after it left the ground ithe "amed the students I repeated after him a vow to "de- I str0 rall'tary dictatorship, restore be it veered to the right and crashed. It skidded several hundred feet, went through the shed and came Parliamentary life, life in _ to rest in flames next to a fence i thosf ar? Peace with I the people and fight those who fight the people." Then the students dispersed with- out violence but most of them stay- ed away from.classes. Thus, the seething political crisis took a swing in the opposite direc- tion from the shouts and screams of organized demonstrators Mon- day favoring continued rule by the council of young military officers and opposing President Mohamed Naguib's proposal to return the country to civilian government. Vice Premier Gamal Abdel Nas- ser and the hard core cf officers supporting him in the council Mon- day rescinded Naguib's promise of last week to turn the government to a constituent assembly near the flight line. H-Bomb Tests Wilson States WASHINGTON ofj Defense Charles E. Wilson said to- day that results of the recent H- bomb tests are "unbelievable." But the defense chief in his week-, ,_ ly news conference stepped around j which he had scheouled for election a barrage of questions about the results of the tests. He would not say precisely why he thought them unbelievable. next July. The council, which led the mili-1 Wednesday' 34 tary revolt against ex-King Farouk canceled the election and said it In Sioux Falls, S. D., butter prices had been cut an average of 4 to 8 cents per pound. The store owner who made the biggest cut, from 67 to 59 cents, said he did so to relieve a surplus situation in his stocks. Reports from Fargo, N. D. were that butter dropped 3 cents per pound at the wholesale level over the weekend and currently was selling about. 9 cents per pound below what it was a week ago. Cheese prices dropped five cents per pound in some Milwaukee stores Monday as Wisconsin food retailers prepared for lower whole- sale prices when federal supports drop Thursday from 90 to 75 per cent of parity. The decrease is about equal to the scheduled drop in cheese price support. Butter prices have taken a sim- ilar decline throughout the state and in Milwaukee now range from 59 cents a pound up. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Generally fair and continued cold tonight and Wednesday. Low tonight 16, high ly through price floors under but- ter, cheese, dried milk and other milk products. 2. The price support level for milk would be tied directly to that of dairy feeds. Thus, if feedstuffs were supported at more than 75 per cent, dairy products would be too. Under present law, the secre- tary of agriculture has discretion to fix supports between 75 and 90 per cent. Support Would Vary 3. Price supports could vary on different dairy products. They might be relatively higher on fluid milk, that sold for drinking and household uses, than on butter and cheese. '4. Distributors and processors would be required to pass on the benefits of government supports to producers. Aiken said this had not always been done in the past. 5. The secretary of agriculture would be given broad authority to dispose of cumulated, surpluses already ac- including millions of 5 Pie as Plane Crashes Into Army Mess Hall FT. BRAGG, N.C. A crippled couead aggr. him." Cleared With Ike Dulles' declaration of the Com- munist threat in the Far East was delivered in an address before the Overseas Press Club at the Wal- dorf-Astoria Hotel. It was learned that his call for had been Eisenhower. Tells Congress Program Would Bolster Economy Foreign Aid Slash, End to Granite In Future Suggested crashed in flames into a mess hall here today. The Air Force reported five men were kiUed_ and 11 in- jured. The big C119 plane, trailing t smoke from its left engine, haditave a vital role in deciding the By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL WASHINGTON President Eisenhower asked Congress today for broader power to cut as the heart of a "bold" program he said would bolster the security and economic growth of America and her allies. In a special message dealing with the politically explosive issue of import duties and laying down the foreign economic policy of hii administration, Eisenhower also: 1. Called for cutting down aid to other countries, and an end to out- right grants of economic aid ai ;oon as possible. 2. Gave assurances that in- creased trade in peaceful goods jetween the West and Iron Cur. tain countries "should not cause us undue concern." 3. Asked that Congress ease up on "buy American" laws which give preference to domestic firms iver foreign competitors on some [overnment or government fi- nanced purchases. Important sections of the pro- gram may be heading into legisla- ive quicksand. For the message goet pretty much down the line of rec- ommendations of a special com- mission on foreign economic policy commission whose report was o loaded with dissents as to raise grave doubts as to how far iroposals would get in Congress. Doubts Still Apply Those same doubts still apply now that Eisenhower has accepted Jbe suggestions in general, bund- ed them together into a message and asked Congress to do some- thing about them. Many members of the President's own party in he Senate and House adhere to he historic GOP position that tar- iffs should be kept relatively high D protect domestic industry gainst cheap imports. The commission, headed by Clar- nce Randall of Chicago, president f Inland Steel Co., turned in its eport Jan. 23. The core of the report and the lisenbower message is a recom- mendation for a three-year exten- on of the Reciprocal Trade greements Act, which expires June. 12, and for expanded author- ity for the president to negotiate tariff adjustments with other coun- tries on a give-and-take basis. Significant objections came from members of Congress who will action" cleared with just taken off from adjacent Pope I Air Force Base for Louisville, Ky.' Witnesses said the pilot appar- Dulles made clear that he meant ently was trying 'to land on a pa- action by the United States and rade field when the plane struck its allies, in contrast to previous j NY) of the House R eed (R- Ways and Means Committee, Rep.' Richard M. Simpson a high-rank- ing member of the committee, and He did not "united action" spell out specific measures. A State Chairman Eugene D. Millikin (E- top of an officers quarters, Colo) of the Senate Finance Com off a power pole, skidded! mittee. the parade ground and! 'Minimum Program' Eisenhower said his is a mini- mum program" of four major, in- across crashed through the mess hall. pounds of butter, cheese and dried milk. He could do this by gifts to school lunch and relief programs, or by cut-rate prices to low-income, aged and other groups. Aiken said the program also in- j would be discussed in detail with U. S, allies. The secretary was interrupted 12 times by applause as he spoke to persons at the dinner. The speech was broadcast nation- ally by radio and television, and by the Voice of America abroad. Dulles said that at the forth- coming Geneva conference on Far Eastern problems the United Flames enveloped the volves marketing controls, under States will not be disposed to which the secretary could require glve Communist China what it producers to hold back part of wants-from us, merely in exchange their milk from market periods of surplus. during i (Continued on Page 14, Column 2.) DULLES big transport and the mess hall and all fire-fighting equipment terlocked parts': Foreign we wish to Ft. Bragg and Pope -AFB was called. Firemen from nearby Fay- etteville also rushed to the fire. The Public said normally Information Office about six men, cooks and kitchen police, are in the mess hall at the hour the plane crashed. A huge Air Force crane was sen to the mess hall to try to 'lift the roof off the damaged building am lift out the plane. He frequently referred the ques-i would continue to control the gov- ernment until January 1956. military planes circled low sion chairman, who has held no! overhead; truckloads of steel-hel- news conference since he took that i meted police stood by to see that tions to Rear Adm. Lewis L. Strauss, Atomic Energy Commis- post last year. Wilson was pressed especially for his views on the- hydrogen weapon as a deterrent to stop Rus- sia from risking war. He replied that "the whole atom- ic business has been a deterrent" and added that this has been "the jasic policy in defense for a num- ber of years." j the students did not get out of hand. No violence had been report- ed so far today. E g y p t 's university students usually are considered to be dom- inated by leftwing elements. Milling about outside the univer- sity compound, they shouted: "Down with the rule of colonels. Down with bloody Nasser." LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 33; minimum, 15; noon, 33; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Max. temp. a.m. today 30. Low at a.m. today 17 de- grees. Noon 29, broken layer of clouds at feet, very light snow showers, wind from the south at three miles per hour, barometer 30.13 steady, hu- midity 59 per cent. The Calendar May Indicate that spring is present, but the above scene in Chicago Monday didn't seem appropriate for the season. A swirling I. snowstorm hit the Windy City just at daybreak and by noon had piled as much as 5 inches of snow in the loop area. (UP Telephoto) Investments we wish to encourage." Free exchange of one currency for we wish to facilitate." Foreign we wish to expand." The President said he considers it essential to achieve each of these objectives, declaring: "Unless we are prepared to adopt the policies I have recom- mended to expand export and im- port trade and increase the flow of our capital into foreign invest- ment, our friends abroad may be discouraged in their effort to re- establish a free market for their currencies. If we fail in our trade policy, we may fail in all. Our domestic employment, our stand- ard of living, our security, and the solidarity of the free world all are involved. "For our own economic growth we must have continuously ex- panding world markets; for ou.1 security we require that our allies become economically strong. Ex- panding trade is the only adequate solution for those two pressing problems confronting our country'." Claims Commission Hears Creek Cases ST. PAUL to sup- port three claims totaling 'or damages to their property be- cause the highway department changed the course of a creek near Jordan was given to the state Claims Commission today by four property' owners. Peter J. Schmitt, filling station owner, said that a retaining wall collapsed from flood waters. He is asking S8.000 damages. Henry J. Horlock seeks and Frank lupert and H. Patterson ask "06. All are from Jordan. t ;