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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 28, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair Tonight, Sunday; Warmer Sunday VOLUME 53, NO. 34 SIX CENTS PER COPY --W1NONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 28, 1953 River Stage 24-Hcur Change (Flood Stage 13) Today 9.60 .48 Year Ago 5.21 .09 SIXTEEN PAGES Legislature Gets 'Package' 3% Sales Tax Plan Cut for All Income Tax Payers Provided in Levy By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL "package" sales tax plan, including a 3 per cent state sales tax and abolition of all personal property taxes, was I introduced in the Minnesota Legis lature today by the all-powerful threatened to tie up the Nickel Accept risoner Trainmen Delay Order to Strike CLEVELAND UR Negotiators House Rules Committee. All income tax payers would get a flat S20 reduction. Plate road this morning. yardmen in New York, Ohio, Penn- sylvania, Indiana and Illinois. The deadline was 5 a.m. today, but eight hours and 15 minutes be- fore that time BRT Vice President The Brotherhood of Railroad William E. B. Chase bowed to the .Trainmen Friday night called off mediation request and called off; -JIT la strike at the request of the! the walkout "indefinitely." We mean business, said House N jo j (rail M e d i a tion I Chase said the dispute was over Majority Leader Roy Dunn, Peh- fa t nnciples and hundreds I The had sent a Irf cases involving grievances, time i stnke call to trainmen and I claims and working rules." This Air View of the New York Central train wreck shows some of the desolate countryside where the wreck happened near Connoaut, 0., and the cars of three derailed trains scattered across 7 7 Die in Ohio as Trains Plow Into Freight the tracks. Seventeen persons were killed in the three-train crash. Two of the trains were crack passenger trains and one was a freight. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Decis TODAY Difficult ;ion Facing Ike By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSO? WASHINGTON The biggest news last week was the squalid attack on the President, his sec- retary of state and his personal friend and nominee as Ambassa- dor to Moscow, by members of the President's own party in the Sen- How Three-Train Wreck Happened CONNEAUT, 0. least 171 persons died in a pile-up of two j passenger trains and a New York' Central freight Friday night, and a deputy coroner said "maybe five more bodies" were hidden under wreckage. That would raise the j death toll to 22. j Deputy Coroner Wallace C. Mulli-1 gan of Erie, Pa., County said one' body was taken from the jumble of torn and twisted cars 12 hours "K j snokesmnn s'-iirl tndav after the smash-up. Mulligan said: j struction. e saw toflay- believe there may be five more The piece of pipe fell off an a platom_were entombed J r e a s t b o u n d New York Central single smashed bunker on Earlier touay Coroner Warren {reight train along at 30 western Front outpost by to Erie 27 miles east! an hour about four miles 1 artillery and mortar fire. least of Conneaut. _Col. L. W. Walt of Ft. Collins, "I feel this is the only way we j can solve the money problems of f t the Dunn said, "apparently j V L aV we are headed into a deficit.! V fttlllt iFlV Otherwise, we would have to get I IW C It II t t the money by increased taxes on j real estate." j j mtr Jj Introduction of the bill was inter- I t-r f f ft_ J preted by some as a direct chal- i j_jfjjj I it J lenge to Gov. Anderson who only j I Ml 9 If f m m Thursday night said he would op- pose a sales tax "under existing j By JACK BELL circumstances" and called it a j WASHINGTON Senate opened the way for speedy dcpar- "haphazard solution to our finan- ture Charles E. (Chip) Bohlen to Moscow with a rousing 74-13 cial problem." j vote of confidence yesterday in President Eisenhower's choice of Over-all Plan j the career diplomat as ambassador to Russia. Decision to make it a committee I Ending a month of bitter controversy, the Senate's lopsided special submerged critics who charg- ed that Bohlen would carry left- Be Entombed in Smashed Bunker By WILLIAM C. BARNARD With the U. S. 1st Marine Divi-1 the Senate may approve an over-all "sworn in" sion Korea seven of us tax plan...... week and leave soon thereafter. measure came after a meeting of the Rules Committee. Dunn said he had not talked to the governor about the new plan nor has he had any assurances from Senate leaders that such a bill could be passed in that branch. However, he added, several in- I dividual senators have indicated over policies of the Truman regime into the new Eisenhower adminis- tration. Receiving the news at relatives' home in Bryn Mawr, Part Bohlen said he was not certain when he would take up his new post. The State Department said he would cry into a radiophone, were the (last heard from some 36 Marines CONNEAUT, 0. A piece of holding Outpost Vegas which was pipe, four tracks and four trains j overrun Thursday night by power- added up today to death and de-'ful Chinese enemy forces, a Ma- 1 -ine spokesman said today. It was assumed the in a the are left rest have suffo-! Food and prescription drugs and cated." all commodities now with special These tragic words, a hopeless I taxes> such as and Sixty-two injured were in two It bounded onto a second track hospitals in Erie, one here and one J in front of a westbound freight go- in nearby Ashtabula. Hospital re- ing 30 miles an hour. The west- ports were that only one of the 62 was in poor condition. None of 18 crewmen on the three trains was hurt. Piece of Pipe Blamed Meanwhile, reports have come j The freight and the two express ate. in from the grass roots strongly hinting a need for firmer and clearer national leadership. As friendly a publication as Time magazine, in discussing the state of the administration, has recalled the period in the campaign when Eisenhower was accused of "run- ning like a dry creek." In short, the symptoms that all is not well with the Eisenhower administra- tion are now too obvious to be ignored. It remains to identify the illness that causes these symptoms. Every trains piled up between 9 and p.m. CST. A piece of pipe rolled bound freight hit the pipe and sev- eral cars left the track. The toppled freight cars spread Colo., regimental commander, said sadly: All Men Dead "We assume all the men are dead or prisoners of the Commu- nists." cigarets would be exempt, with the exception of food consumed on the premises. This means that meals at restaurants would be taxed under the measure. The 15 million dollars, or 20 per cent of the anticipated sales tax I collections, would be retained by week and leave soon thereafter. Eleven Republicans and two Democrats fought to the final roll call against approval of the 48- year-old Russian-language expert, picked personally by Eisenhower as the best qualified man for the cold war listening post at the Kremlin, Soviet Orders Pardon Program For Prisoners By THOMAS P. WHITNEY MOSCOW UP) Prime Minister Korean War's Wounded Would Be Exchanged Resumption of Suspended Armistice Talks Recommended TOKYO by the United Nations Com- mand Feb. 22. Wishes Bohlen Well Afterward Sen. McCarthy Georgi M. Malenkov's government I exchange offer Feb. 22, said he announced a sweeping amnesty program today to free Soviet pris- oners serving five-year terms or r v wen i_i hfijii. LJ.Iy j the state. It would be split as one of the most vocal their crimes rep _ resented "no great danger to the j would favor resumption of the talks if the Reds are sincere in their acceptance. over a third track on which the I Working with sometimes frag- NYC's Buffalo-to-Chicago express, i mentary information. Marine pieced together this follows: ____ _____ _____ ___........__ Two million dollars, cost of ad- j The Wisconsin senator ministering the collections; seven that many who voted for million dollars, to replace state the appointee did so not because share of personal property taxes they had confidence in him but now collected (including telephone only to uphold Eisenhower, and gross earnings six mil-.i The Senate debate centering on lion dollars, balance of estimated a dispute over clearance of the receipts available for legislative nominee after an FBI loyalty and any "Se by I security investigation, drew strong I Republican condemnation of the agreements with Russia made Clark told a reporter tonight: "We are going to study this j offer very closely. We want to be these critics, wished Bohlen well. The amnesty decree issued by ,t ;nvthing it W8 m, i J-Vlrt ftCn__ _ J o .T u No. 5, roared along at 80 miles an hnilT- intfl th A wreckage. off an eastbound freight, derailing 1 Ten of 11 cars of No. 5 derailed, some cars of a westbound freight I They came to a grinding rest on a that followed. I fourth track on which the South- The pipe that caused the wreck i west Limited, No. 12, hurtled along weighed about a ton and was 351 eastbound at 80 miles an hour, feet long and 18 inches in diameter. I standard passenger speed for the Into the derailed freight cars area Picture of what happened to the the state. I School Districts Dunn said it should that about one-third of n platoon on the Western Front out- TV ,1 [School districts. This is equivalent at Yalta, where Bohlen served Russian-language interpreter. tn l Sen- Edwin Johnson of Colorado, post: to an increase of approximately For eight days before the .savage I in the per pupil basic school Thursday night attack, the munists had pounded Vegas with fhe bill provides that the tax mortar and artillery fire i _ All would be imposed as of July 1, bunkers except one were 1953. slashed a Buffalo to Chicago passenger train, roaring along at 80 miles an hour. A minute later the Southwestern Limited, en route from St. Louis to New York, rammed the wreckage. doctor must make his own guess, i A railroad man had to run three But the most probable diagnosis i miles to report the wreck as the is that the Eisenhower administra-1 hurtling debris felled communica- tion is suffering from a severe u J case of political indecision, sadly complicated by political inexperi- smashed. Rain and thaws proba- Seven of 10 cars of No. 12 left bly aided ia the collapse of some. the tracks The splintered cars tumbled into telephone poles, breaking off com- munications. Marines on the outpost had taken to living in caves and trenches. Then came the momentous Com- Aitu I Vv, u JmunLst artillery and mortar bar- Although the enure stretch of rage On the outpost Thursday night. Marines retreated into the si'ilgle bunker, a long one but only ence. Undecided on Future The plain truth is that the Presi- dent and his chief counsellors have not yet decided which of the ma- jor roads before them will be best for the country. Until they took of- fice, their ideas were clear enough. Stringent economy, a balanced budget, conservatism at home, in- telligent boldness abroad, were to be the order of the day But when they got to Washington, they soon discovered it was not going to be so simple after all. The failure to find a magic way out of the Ko- rean impasse (which so many Eis- enhower voters had been led to ex- pect) was only a preliminary dis- illusionment. There is a bigger disillusionment is still going on. What looked like simple government extrava- gance in Cleveland or Detroit, is beginning to look like simple self- preservation from the perspectives of the Pentagon, the Treasury and the State Department. Everything ultimately hangs upon the response to this disillusionment. The root of the trouble is the gigantic cost of national security in all its many serv ice appropriations, foreign military and other aid, atomic energy and so on. Cuts Tough The President and the chief men in the cabinet had somewhat naive- ly, but sincerely, believed that this huge cost could be sufficiently re- duced by what they called "cutting out waste." They have found some waste, to be sure. But they have also found that massive savings cannot be achieved without cutting out present or projected fighting power. In addition, they have found the White House closets crammed with (Continued on Page 2, Column 6) ALSOPS tion lines between here and Erie. More than feet of rail were torn up. Rescue Workers One of the injured said it was nearly an hour before rescue work- ers got into the torn and twisted cars. And it was nearly eight hours tracks is controlled by automatic signals, no warning was possible. Each train was on a different The total personal property taxes collected in 1952 was Of this amount, approximately 900.000 was collected for state use and the balance for the counties and local governmental units. The elimination of the tax on the Presidium of the Supreme So- i d understand viet, said the pardons had been made possible by a decrease in crime and by the consolidation of the Soviet state system. The de- cree was published prominently in Russian newspapers and broadcast by Moscow radio. The full amnesty program ex- tends to most persons serving five years or less in prisons, cor- rective labor camps and other places of detention. Those serving more than five years will have their sentences reduced by half. The pardons specifically do not Red move covers only sick i and wounded prisoners a small percentage of the Reds held in Allied camps. There were no immediate figures on the number of Americans eligi- ble for such an exchange. The Red answer came in a letter delivered today at Panmunjom, which also was broadcast over the Communist Peiping radio. Its tone mild and concilia- tory. Even as the Red Radio broad- cast the message to Clark, Ameri- furi- one of the two Democrats who voted said the debate "ought to put that young1 man on guard." apply, however, to anyone serving "He will do well to read the rec-1 more than five years for counter- ord with great care and govern revolutionary crimes, large-scale himself by Johnson declared theft or embezzlement of public in an interview. property, gangsterism or premedi- j. Premier Km n Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of theltated murder. 'bj North Korean Premler Kim II back five months. Senate Foreign Relations Commit- tee said he doubts the debate will affect Bohlen's usefulness in Mos- "I don't think the Kremlin has iiii: cummauuii ui LUC LJA uil ti livestock and farm machinery of together with possible !said jn the Senate' Some prisoners will be freed re- gardless of the length of their sen- tences. They include women with children 10 years old or less, preg- nant women, minors of 18 or less, k Thp h'nrk sienak arp rVsisn four feet Wgh- Probably was j reductions in real estate taxes will served- to keen a second train or, the by incoming rounds. At any approximately equal the sales tax Test of Confidence trarfc- frnm nilinn afnn a hilt the Chinese infantrymen at- collections from the farmers, Dunn what was regarded widely as a edorwreckedTafn jtacked-fantastically through jcontended. test of the Senate's confidence ia men of 55 or more, women over ob- 50 and persons suffering from in- curable illnesses. j their own artillery. Trucks for Korea SEOUL The United Nations The bill was introduced only Marines were unable to get out I hours before the deadline for in- of the bunker. Perhaps the Chinese troduction of bills without the gov- helped to further seal the bunker with hand grenades and satchel ernor's consent. The deadline is adjournment today. Leaders an- later and after daybreak before j Korea Reconstruction Agency will! charges. Somehow, the radio in the I nounced they would receive bills the rescue and first-aid crews fin-1 buy 600 trucks for South Korea j sealed bunker kept on until the last moments before ad- (Continued on Page 7, Column 7) tllis y'ear, as Paft of its 70-million- even as oxygen in the bunker journment today. on Page 7, Column 4) TRAIN WRECK dollar aid program. More trans- waned to near-zero and Marines I (Continued I portatioa is a major need in South I gasped and lapsed into uncon-1 L 1 Korea. sciousness. i LEGISLATURE 110 MIGs Shot Down This Week SEOUL (ffi This is the box score of air war results for last week as announced today by the U. S. Fifth Air Force: MIG15 jets shot down, three probably downed and 16 dam- aged. F84 Thunderjet shot down by Red anti-aircraft fire. One Australian Meteor twin-jet lost to I This Of Twisted Metal and wrecked coaches met the eye as one climbed through the wreckage of the New York Central's three-train wreck near Conneaut, 0., today. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Eisenhower's direction of foreign policy found 34 Republicans and 39 Democrats voting for Bohlen, who served as a policy adviser for former Secretary of State Acheson in the Truman administration. Morse of Oregon, the Senate's lone independent, also voted for confirmation. Led by McCarthy and Sen. Young Housewife Found Dead Along Road Near Anoka Sung and Peng Teh-Huai, com- mander of Chinese forces in Korea. It said, "Our side fully agrees to your side's proposal to exchaage sick and injured prisoners of war' of both sides during the period of hostility." They also suggested the ex- change could pave the way to "smooth settlement of the entire question of the prisoners of war reference to the deadlock on exchanging all POWs which broke up the armistice talks at Pan- munjom last fall. The Commu'm'sts have insisted on return of all the POWs in U.N. camps, but the U.N. has re- ported only about of these have indicated willingness to re- turn to their Red homelands. ANOKA, Minn, body of I _ A, young housewife was found! Dec. 1! they Bridges temporary Presi-lal jde a cmmtv road lat Fri. were-holding American POWs. .u. b -Mr idi j They also are holding many more lions were she either fell or was South Koreans plus other prisoners t T V >rtfifii-ii-ip in tfn_ dent of the Senate, the opposition mustered if Republican votes and two Democratic votes against the nomination. Other GOP senators on this side included Bricker of Ohio, Dirksen of Illinois, Dworehak and Welker of Idaho, Goldwater of Arizona, Hickenlooper of Iowa, Malone of Nevada, Mundt of South Dakota and Schoeppel of Kansas. Sen. McCarran (D-Nev) joined Johnson as the second Democratic opponent. The opposition thus was con- fined largely to the Midwest and "other causes." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity General- ly fair tonight and Sunday. Warm- er Sunday. Low tonight 30, high Sunday 58. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 52; minimum, 30; noon, 49; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at 'sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Maximum temperature 50 at p. m. Friday; minimum 35 at 1 mountain states. Eight of nine absentees an- nounced they favored confirma- tion. Sen. Jenner (R-Ind) was not recorded. Murray Pleased Sen. Murray popped up immediately after the vote with a statement calling the outcome "a complete vindication of the for- eign policies of ex-President Tru- man and former Secretary of State Dean Acheson." "A Republican President nomi- nated as ambassador to Russia a man who has vigorously defended those policies and a Republican Senate has confirmed Mur- ray said. Sen. Ferguson (R-Mieh) said Murray's conclusion was "absurd" 1 from U.N. nations fighting in Ko- pushed from a moving car. The victim was identified as Mrs. Mary Clemens, 34, of Spring Lake Park. Wallace Miller of Columbia Heights, county coroner, said the woman appeared to have been dead about an hour before her body was found. He said there were bruises on the body and mainly on the head. ___ Miller scheduled an autopsy for j talks were broken off. later today to determine the cause "it was solely because the ne- of death. gotiations were suspended that The body was found along) there was no way to implement county road J in Spring Lake Park, a town near Anoka. It was discovered by a passing motorist, James Kinney of Spring Lake rea. The text of the Red letter to Clark also was broadcast by lie North Korean Red radio at Pyong- yang. The Communist letter said both sides reached agreement last year on the question of repatriating the sick and injured prisoners, but claimed there was no way to com- plete arrangements because the this agreed the letter said. Clark's letter offering the ex- change of sick and injured prison- Park. Kinney notified the sheriff's I ers said the U.N. "remains ready office. Mrs. Clemens' husband, James, is employed at the Twin Cities Arsenal. Other survivors include four children, a son, 18, in the _ Navy; a daughter, 13, and twin j patriation" Clark asked, sons, 10, immediately to repatriate those personnel." "I wish to be informed whether you are prepared for your part to proceed immediately with the re- a. m. today. Noon I adding in an interview: "There is clear, visibility more than 15 miles; temperature 48; wind 20 miles from no intention by either Eisenhower or (Secretary of State) Dulles to northwest with gusts up to 30; approve the evils of past foreign barometer 30.03, falling; humidity j policy and there 52 per cent. I them." are many of Kin to Open Bank SINGAPORE T. V. Soong, former finance minister of the Na- tionalist Chinese government and brother-in-law of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, plans to open a branch of the Bank of Canton here. The Singapore government has al- ready granted permission to set up the branch. Fast Paint Job OAKLAND. Calif. The trans- port General Pope tied up here recently at a pier of the Oakland Dock and Warehouse Co., rusted and in need of a face-lifting job. Four coats of paint were applied on the hull and two coats on the superstructure in only 18 days, said to be one of the fastest such jobs on record. ;