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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday, Temperature Same River Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today 9.12 .59 Year Ago 5.30 .24 VOLUME 53, NO. 33 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 27, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Woman Fatally Hurt on Broadway Field Marshal Montgomery, British military leader, was greeted by high U. S. officials as he arrived at National Airport in Wash- ington today for conferences and an inspection tour of American military bases. Left to right: Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Lt. Gen. S. L. Kuter; Montgomery, and Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army Chief of Staff. Montgomery wore a black mourning band for the late Queen Mary. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Marines Regain Korean Outpost By GEORGE A. McARTHUR SEOUL U. S. Marines tonight.regained outpost Vegas from fired-up Chinese Reds who 24 hours earlier had wiped out all Leather- necks there in a surprise smash. The Marines recaptured the Western Front outpost after 10 hours of bitter, costly hand-to-hand trench fighting. A Marine regimental commander said the Chinese killed or cap- tured every Leatherneck in small holding forces on Vegas and nearby Reno outposts when Reds seized the position in a surprise night yesterday they djd not be- U, S., France At Odds on Plan for Saar Agree, on European Defense Program, Aid to Indochina By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON Wl The United j States and France were reported! agreed today on Indochina and European defense policy, but at odds over plans for settling the future of the industrial Saar Basin. The French-American disagree- ment over Saar policy developed yesterday as President Eisenhower and top American officials began conferences with a visiting French government delegation headed by Premier Rene Mayer. The problem was due to bob up again today at four separate meetings scheduled mainly to dis- cuss France's continued need for dollar aid in Europe and Indo- china. As the talks entered their sec- ond day, Mayer was said to be insisting France must get general assurances she will continue, in effect, to dominate the Saar be- fore she consents to join the pro- posed six-nation European army. The Saar is a rich steel-produc- ing area of ?38 square miles, claimed by both France and West- ern Germany. After World War II, it was detached from Germany and integrated economically with France. Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles made it known in two Anderson Stand Didn't See Victim, May Have Killed! Driver Tells Police TODAY Security Files Not Foolproof attack. The commander of the Fifth Marine regiment said his Leather' necks were in firm control of Vegas. They had sent for supplies I to dig in and rebuild the shattered I outpost. i Upper Slopes The First Marine division troops t I secured the hill but mopping up j I operations continued two hours more on the upper slopes. The Marines reported they des- troyed the effectiveness of from 112 to 15 Chinese lieve agreement on the Saar's fu- ture .should be made a condition of French approval of the long- delayed European army arrange- ment. Whether this apparent conflict could be smoothed over before talks end tomorrow was not ap- than troops, in the bloody, By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP j hand-to-hand fighting. Withering Red machine gun fire had ripped at the Marine attackers on their way up the slope. Marine tanks hammered at the Communist WASHINGTON The strange case of Charles E. Bohlen has high- lighted several ugly things about 0 f ail tapt the American government. One of machine gun nests. Smoke from i dealing with Indochina these is the kind of stuff that gets exolodmz sheik shrouded the out-1 tv.-.. into government security files. officials, however, are anxious to avoid any specific prom- ise to France on this hot issue lest it jeopardize relations with Western Germany. Konrad Ade- nauer, West German chancellor, is expected here April 6 for talks with Eisenhower. Informants who told of the French-American talks thus far stressed the friendly tone of all conversations, especially those exploding shells shrouded the out- post. Col. L. W. Walt, a Marine reg- Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy hastily injental commander disclosed that lied his way out of this side of his j every Leatherneck on Vegas and case at the last moment, declar- j Reno when the Reds hit was ing that he had never opposed Bohlen's confirmation as ;imbas- sador to Moscow on security grounds. Only a few days earlier, when asked if he regarded Bohlen as a security risk, McCarthy char- acteristically declared "That's putting it too weak." McCarthy further hinted that he had heard all about the Bohlen security file from his friend, the new State Department security of- ficer, R. W. Scott McLeod. What the senator says must always be doubted. Yet it seems to be estab- lished that McLeod was genuinely guilty, in this instance, of leaking some sort of poisonous story to presumed dead or captured. The number was not reported, but presumably was small. Front- line reports said casualties in the fight back up the slope were far greater. The Marines smashed through a ring of trenches circling the hill to regain Vegas, after a day of bloody, hand-to-hand combat with the Red defenders. Outpost Pounded The Reds pounded the outpost with mortar and 76mm fire, hinting at a possible Chinese counterattack. The Reds still clung to Reno and to Old Baldy, 52 miles north of Seoul. Old Baldy was captured Wednesday from the U. S. Seventh Infantry division. Allied warplanes Eisenhower, they said, repeated- Iv told the French delegation the The Army Unveiled its biggest cannon today before newsmen in the atomic weapon's first tactical exercise in public. Only regu- lation high explosive shells were used but the gun is being tested for eventual firing on the Nevada Atomic Proving Grounds, au- thorities at the Ft. Sill, Okla., artillery center explained. In today's tests the cannon was fired electronically by the crew standing well back. CAP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Atomic Cannon Still A Hit-Run By AUSTIN BEALMEAR FT SILL, Okla. If the Army's new atomic cannon is to be a complete success in actual combat, it will have to be used as a hit-and-run weapon despite its tremendous size. This is the opinion of Col. Devere Armstrong of Gladwin, Mich., commanding officer of the 52nd Field Artillery Group, who will soon superintend the firing of the first atomic projectile from the Army s new 280 millimeter gun on the Nevada Proving Grounds. Armstrong brought out the hit-and-run idea yesterday as a crew from his 867th Field Artillery Battalion fired It rounds of conventional ammunition in a preview of the Nevada tests for visiting newsmen. Big Weapon "This is a great big gun, phy- sically Armstrong said of the 85-ton weapon "and when you combine that with its unprece- dented destructive potential when it shoots an atomic round you will appreciate how vitally the enemy will want to locate it on the bat- tlefield and then do everything pos- sible to knock it out before it sends an atomic round into a critical target within his lines. "We are likewise vitally inter- ested in preventing the enemy from finding the gun; hence we inquire into every known possibility from Russians Come Within Mile of U. S. Territory JUNEAU, Alaska An armed three-man patrol which apparently originated on Russia's Big Diomede Island in the Bering Straits ap- Sale Tax Scheme Reaction to His Plea for Support For Program Mixed ST. PAUL iff) Legislative re- action to Gov. Anderson's Thurs- day night broadcast varied today from disgust to near agreement. The governor called on the peo- ple to rally behind his program, which he said is being neglected by the Legislature. Some felt the governor may have blocked a sales tax for this session. "Under existing said the governor, "I repeat to you that as of now I am opposed to a sales tax as a haphazard solu- tion to our financial problem." Persons who had planned to spon- sor a package tax bill, including a sales tax, abolition of the per- sonal property tax and possibly some income tax relief, were un- certain whether they should even introduce it in the light of the governor's stand. They felt, how- ever, that he had not entirely closed the door. One legislator, who said he was certain the governor's proposals for higher iron ore and beer taxes were dead, expressed belief the budget could be balanced fay econ- omies. Various Parts In his broadcast the governor ticked off the various parts of his he called "the peo- ple's urged citizens to contact their legislators to press for action. Many legislators agreed that the p Legislature thus far has accom- i plished very little. "We've given him a state tree and that's about said one. Another, said he was disgusted with the governor's talk, said he felt the governor ought to know the Legislature has worked hard to lay the ground work and that real results don't begin to show until near the end. There were a few who said they were disappointed that the gov- ernor should have felt it necessary to adopt what they called "Young- dahl pressure tactics." Others said his move came too late. war against CoS-1 Proached to within a mile and a FIGHTING CURTAILED McCarthy. Stenographer Alarmed i tons Of bomos on the height in a Sen. Taft has now supplied the j virtuaUy steady stream. appropriate commentary on the Bohlen security file. One of the very few items unfavorable to Bohlen was a letter from a State Department stenographer who claimed that she had felt her "sixth sense" sending out alarm signals on the one brief occasion when she had taken dictation from Bohlen. Far from being inserted in a high officer's security file, this sort of sick-minded poison pen let- ter ought to have caused a secur- ity investigation of the writer. But as these reporters happen to be able to testify, the method of com- piling security files can be a bit odd, at times. These reporters have a brother, John de Koven Alsop by name, who seems to them as good a se- curity risk as you could wish. In wartime he was an OSS para- chutist, jumping behind the enemy lines in both France and China. In China, he led an anti-Communist, anti-Japanese guerrilla group, and had a price put on the head of "the huge American with the mus- tache" by both sets of enemies. Got Name Wrong In peacetime, he is a Connecticut Republican he served as vice chairman of the Connecticut Eisen- hower movement before the last Republican convention. He was al- ready a Republican member of the Connecticut Legislature when he agreed to apply for a temporary reserve civilian status in intelli- gence work, some years ago. The application was refused, on (Continued on Page 15, Column 7) ALSOPS munism and not a colonial war. He reportedly added the U. S. intends to give France as much help as possible to win this seven- year-old war. But he made it clear American aid would be confined to bigger military .supply ship- ments and not troops. The French have not requested American manpower for Indo- china. Holy Week Pilgrims Arrive in Jerusalem JERUSALEM from the United States and Europe are already arriving in Jerusalem for the Holy Week services. More than visitors are expected this year. In a Roman Catholic service since have dropped hundreds of today worshipers went from St. JMary I Magdalene Chapel to visit quarter of American territory two weeks ago, a National Guard colo- nel has revealed. The incident was reported last by Col. Larry Johnson, adju- tant of the Alaska Guard, who said the patrol was first sighted pro- ceeding across the ice toward Little Diomede Island, owned by the United States. Eskimo scout battalion members quickly manned defense and look- out positions, Johnson said, and his viewpoint. "The optimum solution from our viewpoint would be to be able, when a suitable target for an atom- ic round is located by intelligence agencies, to send this weapon for- ward from a sheltered rear area and under cover of darkness to a previously prepared position, de- liver the atomic shell without pri- or registration or other firing that would alert the enemy, and then remove the gun back to a shel- tered position." Yesterday's press preview was a highlight in a series of tests be- ing made at the artillery center Winona counted its third traffic fatality of the year Thursday night when Mrs. Nell Dobbs, 60, 518 Grand St., was struck by an auto- mobile as she crossed East Broadway, at Center Street, on her return home after attending a Lenten service. Mrs. Dobbs, who suffered neck and leg fractures in the mishap at p. m., was pronounced dead upon her arrival in an ambulance at the Winona General Hospital. Coroner R. B. Tweedy ruled that the death was a result of accidental causes and said that there would be no inquest. The driver the car that figur- ed in the accident, Maynard Web- er, 29, 106V4 W. 3rd St., told in- vestigating officers that he did not see the woman until after she had been struck by the right front portion of the eastbound automo- bile. Attired in dark clothing, Mrs. Dobbs is believed to have been walking south across Broadway from the northeast corner when she was struck by the car. The automobile was traveling about 20 miles an hour at the time and Weber said that he applied his brakes immediately after he felt the impact. Patrolmen measured 13 feet of skid marks from the point where the brakes were ap- plied to the spot where the car came to a stop. 65 Feet From Corner Mrs. Dobbs' body was lying near the south curb line approximately 65 feet from the Center Street in- tersection and about 11 feet from the front of the automobile. Chief of Police A. J. Bingold said that several factors might have contributed to Weber's not seeing the woman as she crossed the street, "The fact that the was wear- ing dark the chief explained, "would make it dif- ficult for her to be seen st night. There were alto at leatt two cars that traveled through Hie intersection before the Weber car passed and these undoubtedly blocked the driv- er's view of the pedestrian as well u Mrs. Dobb't view of the oncoming car." The police chief was referring to statements made by Weber that immediately before he entered the intersection, two other vehicles drove by on Center. One continued traveling north, Weber said, but he believed that the other might have turned east. "I had stopped at the Post- Weber told police, "and drove south on Main Street to Broadway where I turned left on Mrs. Nell Dobbs Governor Vetoes Bill to End Rent Controls ST. PAUL UPI Gov. Anderson today vetoed a bill to end rent controls in Minnesota April 30. The governor returned the bill to the Senate in less than one minute after it reached his desk. In his message to the Senate, Gov. Anderson said "without con- sidering the merits or demerits of rent control I am returning the bill without approval on the basis I of protecting home rule." The governor, speaking over a. j The bill was passed by the House [Broadway. statewide radio network, asked that ]ast Friday and by the Senate sev-1 "As I approached the intersec- Minnesotans give his legislative erai days" earlier. program active support with let-1 Veto Measure ters to their senators and repre-1 Learning that the governor in- sentatives. i tended to veto the measure, Sen- Anderson asked citizens, in their i ate authors recalled the bill last letters to legislators, to express j Monday After holding it up until sentiments on such issues as j today, Sen. Gordon Butler of Du- mental health, arrest power for j iutn made a motion to return it i three miles distant. The Eskimos said that two of the men were wearing white uni- will take two of the 280s from here to Nevada for the atomic firing. Armstrong said the atomic shell Calvary and various shrines. reported. j j mmijiiuux cue outii forms would be ffred about seven miles gun and rifle and the third, in darK N _., would bp timed clothing, was not visibly armed. The incident, which occurred __________ March 12, is the first such case range of around 20 miles, fires a feet above ground_ The wnicn nas a maximum Korean Munitions Dispute Hits Top Policy Makers By DON WHITEHEAD (Editor's note: In 1951 As- sociated Press reporter Don Whitehead won a Pulitzer Prize for his reporting of the sights and sounds and mean- ings of embattled Korea. Last year his stories about Korea revisited, based on his cover- age of President Eisenhower's pre-inauguration trip to the front lines, won headlines and applause. Here, in the first be- hind-the-scenes account of the flaring dispute over ammuni- tion shortages in Korea, White- head pinpoints the opposing views of the men charged with conduct of the war.) WASHINGTON UP) The Van Fleet-Pentagon dispute over am- munition -shortages and conduct of the Korean War threatens today to erupt into a bitter controversy all the way up to the policy makers of the Truman ad- ministration. The authoritative story from sev- eral military sources is that: 1. Former Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett was prodded by Army chiefs for almost a year be- fore he ordered all-out ammuni- tion production last November. 2. The Joint Chiefs of at the State Department's request Gen. James A. Van Fleet in May, 1951, to launch no general offensive into North Korea without clearance from the joint chiefs. Van Fleet has said he was stopped by orders. 3. The Army tailored its combat effort in Korea to conform to diplomatic decisions. 4. No records have been found at the Pentagon to support Van Fleet's statement he was "crying to turn me loose" to destroy the enemy in June, to show he asked for clearance to stage an offensive into North Korea. 5. Ammunition stocks in the Far East have now reached the point where Gen, Mark W. Clark's Far Eastern Command is trimming orders on future deliveries, 6. The Army is over-producing some ammunition items and would like to cut back their but there is fear a hold-down order now would cause another outcry. Names Not Used These high offi- cers who asked that their names not be as a Senate armed services subcommittee pre- pared to open a public inquiry Wednesday into Van Fleet's claims that the U. S. Eighth Army was seriously and sometimes critically short of ammunition during all the 22 months he commanded it in Korea. The Van Fleet statements and the forthcoming Senate inquiry have stirred the Pentagon perhaps more deeply than anything since (Continued on Page 9, Column 5) MUNITIONS projectile weighing 800 pounds. Maj. Gen. A. M. Harper, com- manding general of the artillery center, called the gun "the great- est weapon of the cannon type the world has ever and said the firing of an atomic shell would be done "in the near future." The Atomic Energy Commission will decide on the date. Gen. Harper pointed out that the 280 is more accurate as an atomic weapon than either a bomber or a guided missile and can be fired i in any kind of weather. Asked how the tests were progressing, Gen. Harper replied "perfect." Jelke Sentenced To 3-Year Term NEW YORK UP) Minot F. (Mickey) Jelke, oleo heir convicted in a cafe society vice case, was sentenced today to three to six years in prison. He was convicted on two counts of compulsory terminology for living off the earn- ings of call girls. Jelke was sentenced to from three to six years on each count, with the sentences to run concur- rently. General Sessions Judge Francis L. Valente said it was "unpleasant to deprive anyone of liberty" but that it was necessary in this case to "orient" Jelfce's thinking. liquor agents and penal reform, I among other issues he mentioned in his inaugural address. After expressing regret over slowness in action on these mea- sures, Anderson said: There is a ray of hope, how- ever. I am firm in my belief if you will let your legislators know that you support these measures, they will hasten the required action. "I am ready to fight against any attempt to hold back the mental health program. Has your legislator been impressed with your desire for this very necessary and worthwhile Regarding the three per cent sales tax measure, reportedly ready for introduction today or Saturday, the governor comment- ed: "There has been much talk originating in the House about a sales tax as a possibility for rais- ing additional revenue. Under ex- isting conditions, I repeat to you that as of now I am opposed to a sales tax as a haphazard solution to our financial problems." Anderson also sounded pleas for passage of the Fair Employment Practices bill and the measure calling for legislators to run under party designations. In conclusion, he said: "I had hoped by this point in the session to be able to report some definite achievement and passage of some major, progressive measures. But I regret there is no such accomplishment of the Legislature to report." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Saturday. Not much change in temperature. Low to- night 28, high Saturday 54, LOCAL WEATHER Official observations 'for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 52; minimum, 25; noon, 49; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at Sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 48 at noon, mifl. 25 at a.m. broken layer of clouds at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 15 miles per hour from north- west, barometer 30.12 steady, hu- midity 57 per cent. H the governor. "The purpose of this bill is to notify the President of the United States that there is no longer need for rent control in the Governor said in a memorandum to the Senate. "In effect it would bring rent control in this state to and end about April 30, 1953." 2 Boys Fleeing In Lake City Truck Captured BELLE PLAINE, Minn. UP) A wild, 90-mile an hour chase through Northern Iowa'and Southern Min- nesota ended here Thursday in the capture of two Red Wing Train- ing School escapees. Officers twice sought to halt the mad flight with gunfire and suc- ceeded the second time. The Scott County sheriff identi- fied the boys held as John Schoof, 16, New Ulm, and 15-year-old Ed- ward Rosival Jr., Belle Plaine. They fled from the school Sunday, using an electrical firm's lineman's truck stolen at nearby Frontenac. It belonged to the A. A. Electric Co., Cicero, 111., which is building lines for the Northern States Power Co. in the area and headquarter- ing at Lake City. Later, the sheriff said, they stole three Le Sueur, Mankato and replacements taken from all three communi- ties. James Egli, patrolman at Algo- na, la., sought to question the pair when he thought they were acting suspiciously early Thursday. Instead of halting, they drove into and damaged the officer's squad car before heading north on U. S. Highway 169. Outdistanced, Egli fired futilely at the fleeing machine, then Egli sounded the alarm which led to the capture. But not before the pair had outrun officers at Blue Earth, Minn. Belle Plaine police said the two tried to escape across fields when they were cornered there but halt- ed when the officers fired over I their heads. tion these two cars went by on he continued, "and then I drove through. "I was looking straight the driver explained, "but I didn't see anything of pedestrian until all of sudden I felt a jolt. It was at that moment that I saw the woman for a brief instant at the right front of my ear and then she fell off to the right." Weber said that he immediately applied his brakes and when the car stopped be ran out to deter- mine whether he might administer aid to the injured pedestrian. While Weber held the victim in his arms another woman, who ar- rived at the accident scene mo- ments after Mrs. Dobbs had been struck, went to a nearby house and called police. Mrs. Dobbs failed to regain con- sciousness before her death. Police experienced difficulty in finding any actual eyewitnesses of the accident. Woman Observed A group of persons in one car who had attended the Lenten serv- ices at the Central Methodist Church and were returning home drove past the Broadway-Center intersection immediately before the accident and said that they noticed Mrs. Dobbs at that time standing on the northeast corner. Chief Bingold said that these persons who had seen Mrs. Dobbs at the church believed was preparing at that that she time to cross south on Broadway to the bus stop on the southeast corner. Mrs. Dobbs' son, Robert, had taken her to the church in his car earlier in the evening. Chief Bingold said that he and Sgt. Edward L. Hittner had spok- en to occupants of another auto- mobile which was waiting at the intersection at about the time the accident occurred. Looked Like Box "These people were waiting to turn right on Chief Bingold said, "and they saw Mrs. Dobbs a split second after she was hit. At first they just thought that it was a box that had been struck by the car and tossed aside. Then they noticed Weber stop his car, open the door and spring over to where the woman was lying." Mrs. Dobbs' death was the fifth in Winona County thus far this year and the second reported in the county Thursday. Earlier in the afternoon an elder- ly St. Charles man died when his car plunged over a steep embank- ment at St. Charles. Mrs. Dobbs was born in Winona June 26, 1892. She was the former (Continued on Page 3, Column 4.) WOMAN KILLED ;