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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Friday; Warmer Friday VOLUME 52, NO. 34 FIVE CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH TWENTY-TWO PAGES Pusengeri And Crew Members were safe in an emergency landing of a 4-engine plane near Hugoton, Kansas. The airliner went up in billow- ing smoke and white flame from bursting fuel tanks. When the sky giant caught fire, lost an engine, Pilot Jack Stanford landed it in a South- west Kansas wheat field. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) HOW'S BUSINESS Improved Farm Income Seen for State by Fall (Lost of a Series) By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS How will 1952 business stack up when the final returns are in? Despite sales figures that lag behind 1951 and slumps in a number of important civilian industries, many business leaders look for it to compare well with most recent years. They expressed this opinion in responding to a state-by-state sur vey by The Associated Press. Truman Returns From Vacation Tanned, Relaxed By ERNEST B. VACCARO KEY WEST, Fla., Truman, looking tanned, relaxed and healthy after a three-week vacation, flies back to Washington He takes off at p.m. from the Boca Chica Naval Air Static 8% miles from the submarine sta tion'he makes his "Little Whit House." He is due in the capital around 6 p.m. Immediately upon his return h will move into the White House -h vacated in November, 1948, t permit a five-miUion-dollar re building program to get under way. His immediate schedule calls fo a Cabinet meeting tomorrow, which the steel situation uadoubt edly will be discussed, and Jefferson-Jackson Day dinner ad dress Saturday night. Speculation that he will not seek re election seemed e q u a 11 y matched by speculation that he will. He has told reporters nothini about his plans since he flew souU March 7. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch, in Truman's home state, published a copyrighted story yesterday tha Truman has asked Gov. Adlai Stev enson of Illinois to become the administration's candidate for President. Joseph Short, the President's press secretary, would neither con- firm nor deny the story. Boyko Case Nears Jury MINNEAPOLIS mations were begun today in the first degree murder trial of John Boyko after completion of testi- mony late yesterday. The case was expected to reach the jury before adjournment tonight. Contrary to advance reports, the 22-year-old defendant was not call- ed to testify. He is accused of the fatal shooting of his wife, Jac- queline, 18, following a quarrel in the couple's Minneapolis home Feb. 10. Lewis E. Lohmann, public de- fender representing Boyko, closed his case with a motion asking for dismissal of the charge on grounds the state had failed to prove ma- lice or premeditation in the slaying Lohmann introduced only one de- fense exhibit, a photograph of Boy- ko showing scratches on Boyko's arms and chest, supposedly suffer- ed in the dispute which preceded the shooting. Final state evidence presented was a statement the defendant gave to authorities at Del Rio, Tex- as, where he was captured three days after the shooting. Summations by the attorneys was followed by Judge Paul Jaroscak's charge to the jury, i Brightest in States Views of the future were bright- est in states where -agriculture, defense manufacturing and pro- duction of basic materials domi- nates industrial activity. They were dimmest in states now suf- fering sizable unemployment in such industries as textiles, auto- mobiles and shoes. Government -economists in gen- eral expect in the remainder of 1952 a gradual rise of income and production. Defense spending is ex- jected to be a strong stabilizing 'actor. Military deliveries now run- ing around two .billion dollars a month may rise to a rate a year from now. Comments in States Here are comments on the busi- ness outlook in various states: income should improve in the summer and fall. Milwaukee in- dustrialists predict slackening of production this summer or fall un- less the government steps up its defense contracting as present or- ders are filled. e t r o i t Board of Commerce says "unemployment, already high, may rise slightly in the second quarter, but should de- cline steadily thereafter." and retail expected to approximate 1951. Illinois Expect stronger con- sumer buying in a month or so. Leveling off in California sales may top 1951 by ten per cent. will contin- ue good but with some leveling off. Major aircraft plants in South- ern California have five billion dollar backlog. stores expect a slight downward trend but nothing to be alarmed about. store execu tive says "people will be buying freely, come spring." wheat crop is in dicated and could keep retail busi- ness at high levels. p r o- spects are bright, with increased output and employment, particu- larly in the construction field. Associated Industries of Maine says it looks as if textile slump has reached its limit, but won't guess when anticipated pick- up will start. men more wary of making predictions than usual. Most think 1952 will be food, but not equal to 1951 or even 950. board of com merce says "unemployment, al- high, may rise slightly in the second quarter, but should de- line steadily thereafter." Eyes on N. D. Oil New activity expected to maintain high level. North depend n continued high farm prices, 'cod crops, expansion of oil indus- try. high level of iiisiness activity expected. output ow at record high expected to be maintained. State College ureau of Business Research says: Industry for the rest of the year may show a slight gain, but it be over a couple, per cent, 'eavy industries are carrying the oad. Soft industries, such as tex- les, clothing and furaitare, are cfinitely slumping and will con- nue to slump during the remain- er of the year." Texas Petroleum output re-j mains good vriUi crude production nd .refinery operations currently t all-time peak. Flaming Plane Lands 50 Safely In Wheat Field HUGOTON, Kan. "The only sensible thing to do was land." That was the only comment from Chief Pilot Jack Stanford, who helped land a flaming airliner with 50 persons aboard in a wheat field yesterday. Only one passenger was injured. The Braniff Airlines' DC-4 came down with one of its four engines ?6ne and a wing in flames. The landing was perfect. Minutes after the 45 passengers and five crew members scurried out, flames consumed virtually the entire plane. Won't Take Credft Neither Stanford nor Co-Pilot John Beakley, both of Dallas, Tex., would take credit for an extraordi- nary job. They had little to say. But 0. R. Stites, an Oklahoma City lawyer who was a passenger, described the landing "as smooth s any I've ever seen." He gave this description: "I. was sitting on the right side bout two seats back of the wing when I noticed fire around the igbt inboard engine. I called the tewardesses and they went for- ward to tell the captain "He came back, took one quick ook and told us to fasten our safety elts. Then he banked the plane to ut the stress on the opposite wing nd started down. I judged we were about feet above ground jen. "About halfway down the motor ell off." No Talk "No one talked at all. I guess ley were too scared, just like I as." Stites said the passengers "could eel the heat of the flames as we ame into the wheat field." Another passenger, W. C. (Bill) WcPhail, general manager of the olorado Springs, Colo., Skysox in ic Western Baseball League, de- cribed the exit from the plane: "Most of the men jumped down, ut the women slid down the ropes. ne of the women, who said she as 82, wrapped a magazine April Weather Holds Key to State Floods Rapid Thawing, Warm Rainfalls Will Cause Trouble By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The first ten days of April this year will hold the key to the per- ennial question: WUl there be spring flooding in Minnesota's riv- er valleys? This is as far as M. R. Hovde, Minnesota section director for the U. S. Weather Bureau, will go at this time toward predicting the possibility of floods this spring. Last spring, floods caused heavy damage along parts of the Minne- sota and Mississippi Rivers. 70 Days in April Hovde and Col. R. G. Yoder, head of the St. Paul District of the Corps of Army Engineers, agree that certain weather condi- tions the first ten days in- April could cause a repetition of last spring's trouble. These conditions are rapid thaw- ing and long, hard and warm rain- fall. A survey completed about March 20, of the snow over Minnesota showed that in the headwaters area of the Mississippi River, the water content is about half that of last year. In the Minnesota River basin, the water content of the snow was less than SO per cent of that of last year downstream.from Granite Falls, but about 50 per cent greater upstream. The water content of snow in the Red River north of Fargo, N. D., was "much lighter" than last year, but south of Fargo the water con- tent was about double that of the previous year. This survey was made before last weekend's storm, which brought more than a foot of snow to the Twin Cities area and to much of the area drained by the Minnesota River and its tributar- ies. Col. Yoder said that snowfall was equivalent to about one inch more water in an area roughly bounded by Chippewa County on the west, Anoka County on the north, Dakota County on toe east and Blue Earth County on the south. More Moisture in Ground In addition, rainfall in that area was relatively heavy at freeze-up time last fall and there is "con- siderably" more frost in the ground; both factors will pre- vent quick absorption of water from thawing of the huge snow- drifts. Democratic Vote May Tip GOP Scales in Wisconsin Politics At a Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sen. Robert A. Tart of Ohio. Gov. Earl Warren of California an Harold Stassen of Minnesota campaign in Wisconsin for the Republica presidential nomination. Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee and Sen. Robert S. Kerr Oklahoma campaign in Nebraska for the Democratic nomination fo president. Maine Republicans open a two-day convention to choose 16 dele gates to the national GOP convention. Victor Guerreo, 10, is treated by a doctor in Henrotin Hospital in Chicago, 111., today, as his sister, Jane, 4, sits by sobbing. The tots were injured in an apartment fire on the near North side. Sixteen persons, including the six children, were injured in, the flash blaze. The doctor is not identified. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) round the rope to protect her lands and slid right on down. "It seemed that we had no soon- er got out of the plane than the whole thing burst into flames." The injured passenger was Miss Jesse Watts, Greensboro, N.C., who skinned a leg sliding down a rope. The plane was en route from Denver to Oklahoma City. Thus, the potentialities for ser- ious flooding along the Minnesota and part of the Mississippi do ex- ist, Hovde and Yoder agree. However, if the alternate day- time thawing and night-time freez- ing of the past few weeks cantin- ue, and no great amount of rain falls the first part of April, the spring run-off will probably be car- ried away with little difficulty, Hovde and Yoder said. Conditions at Marshall, on the Redwood River, a tributary of the Minnesota, appear particularly ominous, observers say. Al Doerr, writing in the Marshall Messeng- er, said "for flood-wary residents of the Redwood River Valley, the storm of the past weekend could be the 'straw that will break the camel's back'." Since last Nov. 1 Marshall has had 76.5 inches of snow, or a total of 6.79 inches of moisture, accord- ing to readings taken at the Lyon County Highway engineer's office in Marshall. In the November through April 1 period last year, the totals were 75.2 inches of snow, or 6.09 inches of moisture. In addi- tion, the freeze-up last fall follow- ed a wet fall and summer. Controls Extension Faces Tough Going By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON signals were up in Congress today on the administration's request to extend and strengthen the network ol price, wage, rent, credit and materials controls. Angry comments about the proposed steelworkers' pay boost, in- tended to avert a crippling strike, whipped up gales of opposition. Chairman Maybank (D-SC) is pushing the Senate Banking Com- mittee to get its extension bill on the Senate floor. But progress was suspended until next week after Office of Price Stabilization officials entered a hurried protest on tentative Senate committee actions. One was a vote to revise the Herlong Amendment, which last year assured retailers and whole- salers of historic profit percent- ages, or margins, on price ceilings 'O Old World Gone, Rev. Youngdahl Tells Lumbermen MINNEAPOLIS (B- The world must achieve peace or end up in pieces, the Rev. Reuben Youngdahl said today at opening sessions of the Independent Retail Lumber Dealers annual meeting. "The world of yesterday, where we lived secure unto ourselves, is gone forever because the globe has grown so much the pastor of Minneapolis' Mount Olivet Lutheran Church told the 700 dele- gates. "We have three world of peace or a world in pieces; a world of life or a world without living, a world of faith or one of futility. All three spell out the same thing. Must Live Together "We must learn to live together economically and politically, with everyone- having respect for an- other, regardless of -race, color, creed or Tnational origin, or there will simply be no living." As a means of "avoiding Henry Hess, Pine Island, Minn., association president, advised his fellow lumber dealers, to try to get along with competitors rather than engage in long range feuds. said Hess, "you will find your competitor is as fine a fellow and just as sound and honorable as you consider yourself to be. Talking things over can help you both in such matters as pooling carload purchases, loan of stock in temporary shortages and exchange of information that will guard against questionable sales schemes and inferior prod- ucts. The convention closes Saturday night. fixed "hereafter." President Truman and price con- trol officials have been pushing for repeal of the amendment, say- ing it is inflationary. An attempt to kill it was beaten 10-3 in the Senate committee yesterday Then the group voted to strike out the "hereafter." OPS officials said that would reopen thousands of price ceilings fixed prior to last August, when the amendment be- gan to operate. Rent controls in Chicago and other large cities survived by a 7-6 vote in the Senate committee when a move to limit rent control to critical defense areas was de- :eated. Pri nmary Ballots To Be Anti-Taft MILWAUKEE who vote the Republican ticket may affect sharply the results of next Tuesday's Wisconsin primary showdown in the Republican presidential nomination race. ,Unless all signs fail, most of the Democrats who decide to cross over into the Republican reservation will be seeking some way of making their vote felt in behalf of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Eisenhower's name isn't on the GOP ballot, where Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio. Gov. Earl Warren of California and former Gov. Harold E. Stassen of Minnesota are the major contestants for the state's 30 delegates to the July nominating convention in Chicago. But Wisconsin voters favoring Eisenhower have the choice of ac- cepting Stassen's pledge that he will turn over to the general im- mediately half of any delegates he elects or the promise of the War- ren delegate candidates to support Eisenhower if the California gover- nor drops out of the race. Sees 'Hybrid Tickets' Taft, rounding out a strenuous speaking campaign in the state, called these "hybrid tickets." Politicians here now figure War- ren, who resumed touring the state today after a speech at Janes- ville last night, will be the chief jeneficiary of any Democratic cross-over and may outdraw Stas- sen among Republicans with Eisen- hower leanings. However, Warren told a news :onference at Janesville last night is not willing to share with Eisenhower any delegates elected in his name. The California governor indicat- ed this attitude holds at least hrough the first vote at the con- vention in Chicago, although be did not foreclose a change of mind after that ballot if his chances of etting the nomination then do not appear 16 be good, "I would expect any delegate pledged to me to go to the con- vention and on the roll call to vote for Warren said. Alternate Choice Earlier, Carl B. Rix, head of the Warren slate of delegates, told a crowd at Janesville High School hat he and his colleagues "make no pretense of the fact that our ilternate choice in the convention s Gen. Eisenhower." Any benefit Warren receives rom a Democratic c r o s s-over auld make him the closest con- ender to Taft in a state the Ohio enator's backers regard as criti- al in his pre-convention campaign or the nomination. A third-place un for Stassen might go a long 'ay towards pushing him out of le race and openly into the Eisen- ower camp. for Mae Arthur A slate running for Gen. Douglas [acArthur, under the name of Ritter of Beloit, could fig- re in the final results and possibly pset the position of some of those igarded as leaders in the contest. lacArfhur has said he is not a Most observers here believe one million Wisconsin voters ill go to the polls next Tuesday. tiey calculate that of these, from to will cast Rcpubli- an ballots. Under Wisconsin law, the voter handed both Republican and emocratic ballots and can make s choice when he closets himself the booth. Under these circumstances, a great many Democrats may be tracted by the chance to take art in the Republican fight. Nebraska Vote Becoming Test Of Popularity By DON WHITEHEAD OMAHA Republican and Democratic presidential candidate! turned on a home-stretch drive to- day carefully planned to boom Nebraska's April 1 primary into an election of nation-wide impor- tance. Political leaders have chosen de- liberately to make this state "popularity" testing de- cision which could have strong repercussions throughout the Mid- west farm belt. On the Republican side: Supporters of Sen. Taft of Ohio hope to roll up a huge write-in vote to offset the senator's losses in New Hampshire and Minnesota to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. They called in retired Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer, a Nebraskan, to open the final drive. Trend for Eisenhower backers see the New Hampshire-Minnesota results as trend which will carry the general to another write-in victory in this state. They are working hard to match the Taft drive. On the Democratic side: Sen. Kefauver of Tennessee re- turned to Nebraska from Wiscon- sin for a weekend of whirlwind campaigning in the eastern part of the state, where his path was to cross that of his opponent, Sen. Kerr of Oklahoma. Kerr told newsmen in Lincoln ast night "I think we are gaining on Kefauver." He added: "I have always thought that if I could win in Nebraska, I would have an ex- cellent chance for the (Democrat) nomination. I am more con- vinced of that than ever." Kerr denied he is a "stalking horse" for President Truman. But he has said repeatedly he will step aside if the President runs again. Interest Growing Special interest centered on the Commissioner Backs Mississippi Parkway This Dramatic Photo is of one of the tornadoes that hit Ar- kansas, killing more than 100 people. The picture was taken by a Catholic priest, Father Lawrence Maus, on the highway west of Karen. He had to brace himself against a-track to steady him- self in the high winds. This storm is believed to be the one that hit England, Carlisle, Center Point, and Cotton Plant. (AP Wire- photo) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Friday. A little warmer Friday. Low tonight 18 high Friday 45. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum 39; minimum, 13; noon, 32; precipitation, trace of snow; sun sets tonight at p. sua rises tomorrow at a. m. Additional weather on page 9. WASHINGTON W A proposed lighway paralleling the Mississi- >pi River won support yesterday f the Federal Bureau of Roads. Road Commissioner Thomas H. iMacDonald, endorsing the propos- al estimated the federal cost would be 40 million dollars. Testifying before the Hause Pub- lic Works Committee, considering legislation to authorize a mile river road, MacDonald said the highway would be built under the present federal aid highway program. The only additional cost, be said, would be about to pur- chase land to preserve historic and scenic spots. Of this, he said, the states would pay half, the federal govcrment half. He told committee members that he doubted whether Congress would be asked to provide more than of this added cost in the next two years. At no time, he said, would more than be asked for any one year. He gave the committee this pic- ture of the proposed highway: Roads paralleling the river exist now for mach of the distance be- tween Itasca, and the Gulf of Mexico; the proposed route would utilize existing roads for 60 percent of the miles with new construction needed for the remain- ing -40 percent; over the years the old roads would be improved where needed; and the route would pass through scenic and historic areas, across some of which park- way rights of way and easements would be purchased. States to Aid He said the states and federal government would participate in costs exactly as they do now under the federal highway aid program. Under this program states and toe government divide road construc- tion costs on a 50-50 basis. It would be up to the states, be said, to start construction within :heir borders. By crossing and re-crossing the river, he said, the route would pass through all 10 Mississippi River states Minnesota, Wiscon- sin, Illinois. Iowa, Missouri, Ken- tacky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mis- sissippi, and Louisiana. His testimony completed bear- ngs before the committee which is considering identical bills by 35 congressmen to authorize the pro- posed highway. Taft-Eisenhower race in this state which normally gives a top-heavy vote to the GOP presidential nominee. Two weeks ago the Nebraska pri- mary appeared to have little na- tional significance so far as the Republicans were concerned. The only GOP candidates to qualify were Harold E. Stassen and Mrs. Mary Kenny of Lincoln, a house- wife who is an avowed supporter of Gen. Douglas MacArthur. But after the astonishing write-in victory by Eisenhower in Minne- sota, things began to happen. The Taft people decided to use the Nebraska primary as a vehicle for gaining lost prestige. The Eisen- hower backers jumped in with a write-in campaign for the general, Wedemeyer told reporters he was convinced that "Taft is the best qualified avowed candidate for the presidency considering the conditions faced by our country to- day." He added that he considered Eisenhower an "avowed candi- but not MacArthur. Backs Taft Asked why be supports Taft, Wedemeyer (who now it in busi- ness in New York) replied: "He would resist centralization of power in Washington. In foreign policy. Taft would put America first He is not an isolationist He is a realist." Wedemeyer is well known in Ne- braska where he has strong per- sonal ties. His friends tried to make him a favorite-son candidate in the coming primary, but he refused. Unlike Minnesota, there will be no voting by Each bal- lot will have a blank line on which voters may write in their presi- dential choice. Bat the state attorney general has ruled the voter must spell out the surname of a write-in choice. This apparently rules out any more by the Eisenhower to have the voters write in "Dee" as many did in Minnesota. They must spell out the difficult name j try it ;