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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 26, 1948, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER much polil'f lon ni, eoltltr fUlurtUr, IS COMING Bo rare your new radJo can rceeiTB A Full Lenied Wire Report of The Associated Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48. NO. 33 WINONA. MINNESOTA. FRIDAY EVENING. MARCH 26. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS U.S. Troops May Go to Palestine IIT JoMiph Htewwrl Alsop WnOilnjrUm American troop; will soon Uf dispatched to Palonlliu to replace British troops, They wll he sent to perform precisely the same function that tho British havo performed since tho war, And they will inherit precisely tho same mis- eries. Including shootings ant bornblnc.i by tho Irgun and Slorn At the moment, this un- iiien.ian pro.ipect seems about the, foreeast of v.'hat Is In store n rr.vitt. of the record of Anier- fKillry on r'alestlrie, Every effort Is of course being made to avoid this outcome. Thoso responsible for Palestine policy stll longingly that the lirlllsh can untrii-how be coaxed or tandKored Into Xf-rpInK their troops In Palestine least for n few nuinths or a year Indeed, there Is undoubtedly some flKfxiBiMon to try a little dlscreof twKUnK df ihn ftrltlsh arm to rnrt. Hut Hrltlsh I'ordKn Mrcrotary Krrirnt Hevln's adamant assortlor fhnt HrltlMi troops will be with- drawn on schedule certainly Indi- cates that the lirltlsh havo no in- tention of putllnn UP with any arm- twilling. And that means thn American troops will be beciucathcc the virtually impossible, task n keeping wrter In Palestine, simply hrrnusr no other troops, except Iluwinn, arc avaL'.ablr, The renson for the reversa of American policy on Palenllni win, of course, precisely to proven tttiiKluri from being sent to 1'niesiinr or Uu.vlan Influrmot sprriidinit to the Middle Kanf. Par- tition win abandoned largely bo- 'he conviction gradually spread upward through tho Hlatc and. service, departments to Presi- dent Truman thnt partition Movlrls an opportunity to es- InMIMi a foothold In thn Middle The trusteeship proposal ad- viinrcrt lust week by American U. N Warren Austin Was cln- to that op- s, Air Plans Inadequate, Solons Warn The Hovlet union rntusnd to join Ihn Unltrfl Nivtlons trustopshlp ri.uhcll, which. If the Amnrlcun Is approved by the Assem- bly, the I'nlPKtlno problem will bo referred. There Is no volo In tho roimril. Ttnul clpcl.iloai nra irmdo hy n two-thirds voto. Thus even If the Kremlin were to order Andre Ormnyko to Join tho trusteeship council tomorrow, unit If ho were to rtpmnnd Hovlel pnrtlclpntlon In ralrstlno tmsieeshlp tho dny he would Himply bo voted down liv this rnlntly leRnllstlo device, tho United fumes will hnve burred tho Br.vlet union from I'nlesllno, pro- vldrd thn niwicmbly approves Amrrtcnn proposal. tho nut obviously the matter will not rnd there. The trusteeship coun- cil will bo asked to name a gov- ernor general of I'alcvitlnc, Cloarly no United Nations governor goncra can exercise authority In Palestine without troops to enforce that au- thority. Russian troops arc barred The iirltlsh are determined to withdraw once and for all. Tho JTencJi havp let it bo known tha they will under no circumstances nen'd to P.itestlno and tho Chinese have troubles of their own Mo smaller nation has yot ovlncet the faintest enthusiasm for sond- inc troops to the Palestine hot spot Thnt the United States, To be sure, the United Nations may fall to follow tho American lend to the extent of ro- vrrsini: Hwlf on I'alostlno by tho some two-thlrds vole by which It originally approved partition. Or the United StiitM Scnnto, nsked to approve the sending of American to Palestine, may simply ro- tu'-e. Klther devi'lopinent woulc rneitns that the and Arab.1 would be left to fight It out. Chaoj In Ui" Middle Kant would C'nsuc with the miixt explosive Internation- al possibilities, Moreover, most of the tx'llovc that In time, as the enormous Arab superiority In manpower mado Itself felt, tho Jew Kh community In Palestine woulc nnd it.', position In Palestine com- Yrl In Ihr opinion of thoso clos- est to thn situation the most prob nMn outcome of thn trustneshlp Iimtxxul Is that the United Hlates win for nil pnictlcnl purposes mem- Iv rrjiliirn Hie Jlrltlsh n.'i the. rimn- dnini'v power, There run be. Illtli cimibi of Um result. Hubbl Abbr Hiiirl Mllvrr. American SSlotilut louder, rms Already wild that the Jewish community In Palestine wll finhi troops in any uniform, in- oltullntf American, which ro thn lirltlsh. If Or. Silver Is there Is no use disregarding thn rink of a vicious outbreak of rarhil frrlliiK In this country. Thus American policy on Pales- tine, whleh was tu'linarlly rrspon- mtiln tut tlie llrlll.'ili withdrawn! li the first pliu-e. linn led apparently to theie tv.Milts: wo will In hern nil Ihe miseries of tho in riilestinp and a few morn be second, racial tension In thin country may be disastrously UK triiviite-fl: third, wf will linvp rorn- mitted badly nerdetl troops whore, no udvnitluKP. or other- wise, accrues from their tfomrnlt- jin-nt, nnd fourth, wo will have. tlcd nfithinu. H l.i not difficult to uiider'-taiid why thn record ol Ainerl'-iili pollrv Wl fnll'dUnn 11.1 a chlllltiK otijerl lesson In lu'W not to inukc forolKtl policy. tkiKVoyohUi dcubpiiiii A Hullor Anil A Girl walk on the mall at Washington, p. C. tho b :i Banter week corsage of cherry blossoms. Tho couple is not Identified. (A.P. Wliephoto.) we.iw It. Truman Stand Dims Hopes of Balking Dems lly .luck Hell Tru- man's refusal to bo pushed aside loft balking Dcmocrat-t with ebbing hoped today for agreement on an opposing candidate for tho presi- dential nomination. Henator Cloorgo (D.-Ga.) told a reporter ho thinks Mr. Truman may havo mado It Impossible for rebel- ling Dixie Democrats and northern anll-Trmrmrt farccit to back a single, iitrong opponent, Tho dimcully, the Georgia senator said, Ks that most party members In public llfo who might bo acceptable Ui both wings owe Mr. Truman something. And few with national ntaturn want to butt heads with a President In a nomination fight, he added, "It will bo very difficult to nomi- nate anybody eliie, unless tho Presi- dent himself doelden that It Is best for him to slop ooorgo said. As an example, George said he thinks most of tho southern civil rights rebels would bo glad to have Chief Juiillco Freti Vlnson hoiicl the ticket, And ho guosiicd that Vlnson, a Kontueklan, would got an okay from northern Dornocraln who are kicking about tho Prc.ildont'ii stand on Palofltlno. Hut even If Vlnson wore willing to (lull tho court, George said he doesn't think the chief Justice would do so unless tho President approved. Tho samo sltuallon applies In greater or lesser others who hiivn boon mentioned, the sena- tor said. Meanwhile, the President's expla- nation of his Palestine stand seemed to havo made some headway with thoso who hiwo his poli- cies on that score. In California, whore there had boon rumblings of dissension over the retreat from partitioning, a four-hour meeting of national con- vention delegates produced a state- ment that the delegation Is "firmly pledged" to Mr. Truman, Aisnssination Plot Against Mihai Rumored Stale de- partment said today It has receiv- ed "reports of rumors of a plot against tho life of King Mlhal of Romania." It Is "taking measures" to protect him acalnst assassination, JC said. Officials declined to ,iay where Iho reports came from, or what protcctlvi) stops have been taken. Tho 20-year-old deposed king l.i visiting here. Bll ulletms Jersey City, N. .1. Tho freight Cliiikoklji, limiled with IndiiFilrlal inetil, snllt'd from Hie Olnrmnont terminal today, anil another Soviet vessel rnmn In to take Its lilnoe, The Cliiiknkln iviin picket- ed Hiimlny mill. Monday by nietnlinni of the Hudson rmirily rliiiiilrr, Cullinlla War Vetnnuis, lirotestliiK shipment of machin- ery to KiiMsIa, Sun Jose, Coslii Itlen NIonriiKiiitn reportedly J.i Costa Jlloa in help tho gov- ernment put down a stubborn relielllon, are snlil to lie pulling out fur home today. Pre-Easter Rain Drenches Winona; Crowds in City For Good Friday Services State Courts Overhauling Proposed 8-Man Group Asks Supreme Court Increase to 11 By Jack B. Mackay SI. Paul Drastic overhaul- ing or the state's judicial system- unchanged since 1857 when the state constitution was adopted- wits proposed l.odny. RccnmmnndaUon.s affecting the Kuprumt! court, rlLstrlct Judges, pro- bate Judges and magistrates arc contained in a tentative draft made public by Associate Justice Leroy E. Matson. of tho Minnesota supremo court. Justice Matson, chairman of an eight-member Judiciary commlLLco niuncd by the Minnusotn. i-.on.'il.ll.u- llonal commission, emphasized thnt the plan is designed to Improve the administration of justice. All Must Bo Lawyers Blgniriuant, among the recom- mendations arc: 1, That all Judges and magistrates must be lawyers, but not to apply to incumbents. 2. Where more than one judge is to be elected that each candidate shall specify the position for which In uplto of inclement weather which swept over tho Winona area today observance of Good Friday brought hundreds of people from outlying into tho city to attend ceremonies In, keeping with Owner of Found; Want Ad Helps Prove His Claim for Currency Thn owner of the mulled in Tliu Kcpii lean Hurnld Thursday by an anonymous but honest man, has been found. The lucky man is W. G. Rich- ardson, Galcsville, Wis., a re- tired farmer. Through a story spread across the masthead of the paper Thursday tlie money, after five :inrt one-half years, will be re- turned to Its owner. Tho Giilitivlllo farmer wan tin; first to lny claim tn cur- rency in seven bills of ilc- nuniiiKitfon find six of ?10 de- nomination. Ills son I'loyd ap- peared at The Republican- Herald office at 7 a. m. today. Proof Unit he was the person who lost tilt money October J17, was established In a r.l.-issffliirl itilvertl.siMnent lie rim in this paper the following day. The ad read: Bcnclicn corn- er anil Swift Company in currency. 1-S100, and 4-S20 liills." H was signed G. Kichardson, Ettrick, Wis. Despite the fact the bills were not of the same denomination the description nent In the nn- onymous letter the vllle farmer, Tho letter, written with pencil in a scrawling hand, was mailed in an envelope which bore no return address. The letter said: "Find owner of thin S200 money. A man from Ettrick, Wis. lost it between Ccnter- villc, WLs. and Swift and Co. live stock yards." It was idmply nljrnrd, "thank you." Further proof wiut from the fllen of Swift Company here. Their disclose that Richardson, who resided at Beaches Corner near Ettrick at thnt time, delivered a. lonil of ten to the pack- Ing plant litre October 27. 1942. A close check of police records and those of Sheriff George Fort rcvciilcd thnt only two other persons had reported loss of similar itunu In the last MX years. Neither claimed the cur- rency. So today In the of this newspaper the stuff onco again can settle back to a nor- mal workday. But it was fun while it lasted. the. holy day. Winona, drenched with a pre- Eudlcr rain, was crowded with in- coming cars as the number of per- sons observing Good Friday In- creased. Nearly half an Inch of rain fell today, ,33 being recorded nt B a. m, Tho'tcmpornluro rose to 73 Thurs- day afternoon and dropped to 49 during tho Today II; was hanging around tho BO mark. Although weather were gloumy and surrounding nections worn enduring more violent storms, thn groups of persons attending rcllglouH iiorvlces nlondlly Increased throughout the day. lletall store cloning at noon nnd opening again at 3 p. in. released more employes nnd other workers to incrcoHo tho number of worship- piirn. Breaking high tompcrnturcn cniiN- cd a InyliiR-nnldo of old winter U. S. Budget Surplus Hits Record 7 Billion WnHlilngton The govern- miml'.i budget surplus moved above today for the first time In Its history. It reached a gain of in less than two months. Responsible was a flood of Income tax collections. Tho Treas- ury still hasn't completed counting money received before tho Income tax deadline March 15. Tho surplus reported by the Treas- ury covers the period through March 24. It is within almost of the surplus Presi- dent Truman has estimated for tho end of the fiscal year June 30. Government revenues totalling are nearly above this time last fiscal year. Spending, at Is almost below this time last year. The surplus meas- ures the excess of government In- come over spending. Man Fatally Beaten, Widow Dies of Shock York, 72-ycar-old re- tired railroader was fatally beaten last night while getting soil for Eas- ter flowers and his widow died a few hours later of a heart attack caused by the shock. William W, Nyc was attacked near his home and beaten with a blunt Instrument, Coroner Lester J. Snll reported. Before collapsing, the 70-year-old Mrs. Nyc told police she hud no idea of a motive. South Korea Invited to Join Red-Backed Rule Krcuil South Kornnn poll- 'tlcul lenders today were Invited to help establish a Soviet-sponsored government of Korea, The Riifutlan-controllcd radio at Pyongyang, headquarters of the Russian occupation In North Korea, garments and a hopeful donning of Easter raiment despite the steady continuance of the downpour as people eagerly scanned weather re- ports nnd kept their "go-to-church" utUtudcs on an even keel. In union religious ceremonies West End Good Friday services were held at the McKinley Meth- odist church; holy communion and union services at the central Meth- odist church and u union service nt the Lakeside Congregational church with evening observances scheduled in many of the Lutheran and Cath- olic churches, In addition to the closing of tho he is n. candidate. supreme court bo as I in creased from its present mem- bership seven to as many as 11. Tho legislature would be cm- powered to determine the specific number. 4. A Justice, judge or magistrate! shall be retired at the age of 70. 5. When the supreme court cer- tifies to the governor that It ap- retail Hlovcs, iichonlH and col- increasing city and In the city sliut clown, tho bus trade out of the and train loads. County and city offices ns well as banku guvo their workers the op- portunity to observe Good Friday, Weather FEDERAl FORECASTS WInona nml vicinity: Mostly cloudy nnd much colder tonight; low Clearing und colder Satur- day; highest 40. Minnesota: Cloudy tonight, clear- ing Saturday or Saturday night, rain or snow northeast and lihowcrs Roulhufist enrly tonight. Colder tonipiht and In south nnd cast-central Saturday. Strong north- erly winds tonight diminishing late Saturday. Wisconsin: Showers and scatter- ed thunderstorms early tonight ex- cept changing to freoalng niln or nnow northwest. Cloudy, windy and House to Probe U. S. War Surplus Trade early House Investigation was promised today in- pcnrs a judge is KO the disappearance of U. S. war as substantially to prevent hlml.surplus "behind the Iron Curtnln. from performing his duties, the! Chairman Blsdoy (K.-Okln.) of a governor shall appoint a comniis- House expenditures subcommittee, sion of three to inquire; and, on said disclosures of recent shipment their recommendation, the governor may retire tho Judge. 0. Tho clerk nt .supreme court nhall be appointed by the supreme court Instead of being elected, 7, The chief Justice of the supreme court shall be tho administrative head ot all the courts. He may temporarily assign a Judge of the district court to act na a justice of the supreme court when necessary. 8. Unless the legislature decrees otherwise, the number and boun- daries of the district in which Judges nro dueled mn.y be changed by Hie- supreme court. 0. District Judges shall appoint a clerk of the district court for each county. Clerks now nrc elected. 10. A majority of judges In any district having three or more Judges may provide that the court shall sit In divisions. They may create dlvl- Firebug Sought As School Has Third Fire in 2 Weeks East Troy, A firebug was being sought today after the East Troy High school suffered its third fire'in less than two weeks last night. Last night's damage was minor but Fire Chief Harry Rlcse said the bliwc was "definitely incendiary." The 375 pupils have had no place to KO to school since lost Tuesday when a fire swept the base- ment and first floor. On March 13 ._ a fire in a third floor storeroom nte slons of Juvenile cases, for two floors and caused a cases, for domestic relations loss, for mechanic's lions, etc. 11. Probate court shall have one or more judges in each county. Present Jaw limits the number to considerably cooler late tonight Saturday with snow in northwest1 and showers northeast ending late tonight or early Saturday. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; minimum, 49; noon, GO; precipitation, .33; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECASTS Minnesota and Wisconsin Tem- perature will average five degrees above normal Minnesota and Wis- consin. Normal maximum 38 north, 48 central and 54 south. Normal minimum 18 north, 26 central and 31 south. Colder south and central portions Saturday, Warmer Sunday and Monday and cooler Tuesday. Precipitation will average one-quar- ter Inch north nnd one-half inch south portions. Rain around Mon- day. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. MIn. Free. Bemldjl 49 .03 Chicago 70 53 Denver 62 33 DCS Moines 73 53 T, Duluth 38 32 77 International Palls 40 16 34 Kansas City....... 77 OS 78 Los Angeles 58 43 Miami B3 73 IB Mpl-s.-Sl. Paul 70 ra 53 New Orleans 70 New York......... 55 :ir> Seattle 53 3D .ID Phoenix 31 Wa.shlnglon 02 41. Winnipeg 27 13 IUVKK HUI.I.KTIN Flood Stage 24-Hr. ay Change Spring is In the air and America's national pastime, baseball, is grab- bing the spotlight. AH of baseball's Baby's 2nd Year Most Precarious Chicago Beware of baby the second finally dis- covered he is somebody and has a will of- his own. A Rochester, Minn., physician gave mothers this advice today in on article in the Journal of the American Medical association. Dr. Benjamin Spock called the second of U. S. warplane engines to Russia and Poland emphasize the need lor checking on the fate of vastly great- er U. S. surpluses abroad. "If the traders over there arc ns ambitious us some of ours have bocn. there's no telling how much may have been KOld to Russia and her he said. Meanwhile Congress received ad- ministration assurances of n. tighter screening of exports to Russia to sift out potential war materials. Secretary of Defense Porrcstal told tho senate armed services committee that ho has ordered a foreign trade study and will have a policy state- ment soon. A complete halt In United States shipments to Russia was demanded today by Representative Colmcr (D.-Miss.) Colmcr proposed that Congress write such a ban into tlie foreign old bill now before the House. He told reporters he will demand a showdown vote. "I want to sec any shipments to Rxissla and to Russian satellites of any he said. "We arc following the same pattern we followed before the lost war when we shipped scrap iron and oil to Japan, up to the time of Pearl Harbor." inc JMI 01 ua.suuiiu H men of distinction arc getting in I year the precarious year_ MdIsold shape for the coming season with and. domiim mg noOuas Red Wing 14 Lake City Reads leftist _ _ to Invited leaders of rightist, and mktdlc-of-thc-road parties a conference April 1-1. The jAl was repeated twice. 13 Die, 84 Planes Damaged In Errant OklahomaCyclone Oklahoma City A hit and miss tornado bounced across central nnd eastern Oklohoma la.'it nlcht, leaving at leant Kl persons clcatl, Tho storm hit mainly In farm communities, striking near Wotum- ka, 75 mlliMt oast of Oklahoma City, Kutaula. '10 inllo.i oast ot Wetumka, Tioynton, 20 miles south of Musko- Kf'it, Chiicotnli, a Inw miles north- run', of Kilfaula, and Malllnuw, nbnui 110 miles of Fort Smith, Ark. Tho ntato highway I putrol uuld seven persons were killed near We- tumka, one near Eufaula, one nt Tjcnna, a community near Chcco- tnh, and two at McClunahan moun- tain community, three miles north of Salllsaw, The tornado first was reported at Tinker field, Oklahoma City, about 0 p. in. Eighty-four planes wrrn destroyed or damaged there by thn twister. It moved gradually iiaiit- warcl, finally hitting Salllsaw, near tho Arkansas border about 11 p. m. 12 13 7.3 8.7 7.2 7.9 8.G 9.3 7.8 7.It .0 Winona Dam 6, Pool Dam B, T.W. Dakota Dam 7, Pool Dam 7, T.W..... 7.7 La Crosse Tributary Streams Chlppcwa at Durand.. 7.0 ,6 BulTalo above Alma---- 3.8 .3 Trcmpenleau at Dodge. 2.15 .4 Black at Gnlcsvllh! (1.4 .3 La Crossi: at W. Siilem 2.1 -I- .1 Root at Houston 7.1 H- .0 mvEit FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttcnberg) The Mississippi will continue ris- ing In tho St. Paul area four to five dayN longer and this will rc.'mlt In quiln rapid rlnes clown to Ijolwv Wi- nona with dully rises averaging .3 to .5 loot. their spring training. Spring training that's when a group of gets together to wli.icJc the horse- hide. That's one way of getting even with Santa Anita. The batters are getting their eye, the pitchers are warming up their arms, and Lippy Durocher is tin n ready s P r a.y i n g throat. Durocher be n. hard get- by his can be thwarted easily. "If the mother Is a stable, affable sort of person, she finds ways to get alono with this new child. Even if she has to go against cur- rent dogma on diet, toilet and he said. "Although the pediatrician cannot hope to change the mother's basic nature, he should explain at the start that the baby will be a better judge than mother or pedia- trician of how much he needs at each feeding, warn the mother when starting solids to give the child time to get used to them and ad- vise against weaning until the child shows readiness, even though It is not until the middle of the 70 Combat Air Groups Wanted Foreign Subs Reported Seen 'Off Our Shores' Washington Truman today iilapped controls on exports of alrpUnca airplane parti, clusinc them with other war materiala. Wanhinrton Senate air power advocates Inslntcd today high command'A own expansion pro- gram rails short of actual The declared that drafting men until n. universal training program can be put Into full operation Is not cnouRli to K'VC tills country th. armed nlrenHth required to back up President Truman's halt-Russia policy. Led by Senator LodKo himself, a World War U veteran, determined backers of a mightier air force showed little alarm over testi- mony that Russian s have been seen "off our shores." Nor did they take specific issue plans to draft at least men between the ages of IS and X for two-year terms with eventual registration of all men up to 44 years af age. Ail-Out Flcht But the half-dozen or more sena- tors gave every slRn of an all-out flRht to provide the AJr Force wltil 70 combat groups. The preparedness outlined by the nation1! Bob Hope with his pitchers this year They'll have to beat Laralno Day's curves. I'm spring training with my team, the Cleveland Indians. The manager has me calclilnur flics In the locker room. As part owner of the team second year." Diirins the first year, he said, the mother has become accustomed to the baby's automatic cooperation, but at about a year the infant .starts moving independently. i Man Arrested in Soviet Ready to Support 4-Power German Rule By Lynn Hclnierllnir Soviet military administration announced today It is ready to support four-power con- trol machinery in Germany In cer- tain circumstances. Jt still declined, however, to call a new council meeting which would get tlie wheels started again. Lieutenant General G. S. Luk- jantschenko, Soviet chief of staff, said in an official statement the Russians are ready to support the control council "insofar as the-con- trol council through its activity Is still able to contribute to the earliest accomplishment of the aims laid down in the Potsdam agreement." he added, "the Soviet dele- gation is categorically opposed to the use of the control council as a i comfortable cover for unilateral ac- tions of occupation powers in the western zones of Germany." Youths Cautioned Against Shooting An outbreak of promiscuous shoot- ing In the village of Stockton was today by Sheriff George wood and Vine. lot a Wells, Nov., -I- .8 -r A -I- .4 Orcabv owns the Plralcs and he's! Police Captain Del Cole said the wing his trouble Every time mnn curried a social security card mnn curried n, social security card with tho name Laszlo Varga. Lasz'.o Varga, 19, a Hungarian war rcl'uproc, has been charged with the murder of the minister's wife, Mrs. Blllcc Rnhc Morning, 22, at Wells And leave. last Monday. having his trouble a guy slides Into second bixse Bing's afraid he'll dig up his treasure. ig ycnr in my option comes up and Paramount wants me i to play ball But I baseball. look for a I hnve to reported Fort. The county law officer warned that any youths found shooting rifles or guns of any type within the Incorporated limits of any city or village in the county will be arrested. cannot tolerate the promis- cuous shooting of tho sheriff said. "We do not like to ar- rest youths for this offense, but the lives and property of residents must be protected." JERUSALEM GUNS SILENT By Joseph C. Goodwin guns guard- ed the Way of Sorrows pnlli IK believed to hnve walked to His crucifixion. Guu snouts poked out of battle through Jaffa gate where battle between Arabs and Jews has been deadly, did so under the watchful of Arnb sentries. They wanted to niiikn .sure was Jewish. The pilgrims of former years did not come to Jerusalem this Good positions in the old city as crowds old" city guns, which have roared stood In prayer at each station of almost constantly since the Jews and Arabs began fighting over tho piirl.ltliinliiK of Pnlr-.stliifl lust were .silent todny. But tension re- mained in tho air. Journey Calvary. Most of them WC.TI; ChrlM.lim Arabs. Europeans wlio entered the city The annual procession started from the point where the Bible says Pontius Pilate delivered Christ to the mob and then washed his hands symbol he was quit of the case. Prom this place robed priests led tho crowd along the Way of the cross where Christ took up the cross, where He fell, where He met His long path to Cal- vary. Lnter in the day, if tho guns stay OUiet., ceremonies will bo held In the Holy Sepulchre. military leaders yesterday contem- plates no addition to the 65 now planned. But Lodge, who sat in us guest of the Senate armed com- mittee, noted in sharp questioning of tho military chiefs that ori- ginal blueprint for this postwar air force contemplated 70 groups. Lodge drew from rctary of Air Symington and from General Carl Spaatz. Air Force of staff, that they still regard larger figure as necessary. Tills brought Secretary of Defense Forrcstal back to the witness irtand with tho rejoinder that to add 15 groups would boost the cost of tho expansion program to for air power alone. And both Uie Navy and Ground Forces then would have to be increased In pro- portion, he insisted. Subs Off Shore Aside from tile clash over power, tlie testimony of top military officials yesterday afternoon highlighted by Secretary of the Navy Sullivan's dramatic announce- ment that foreign submarines re- cently "have been sighted off our shores." He said these did not be- long to any nation west of Iron Curtain." Sullivan flatly refused to say pub- licly Just where the underwater boats were spotted. But at the navy department a. high official said there were three instances in which for- eign submarines were reported sight- ed in the California-Aleutian Is- lands-Hawaii triangle. One was seen at night by a merchant vessel 200 miles off San Francisco, the official said. He added that identification or tlie object as a. submarine was not positive. Other Navy men said there la nothing to stop submarines any country from plying the high seas. They added that the United States would have no formal grounds for objections unless a foreign submar- ine penetrated within the three- mile limit. Bomb Rusi, Return Symington told the committee that America's B-29 bombers "can take off in limited operations from such points as Alaska or Labrador, bomb any part of Russia, and return to American bases such as the Phil- ippines, Okinawa, Alaska or Labra- dor." The air secretary added that the Air Force will have whole bomb- ing units capable of doing this by tlie start of next year. On tlie other hand. Secretary of the Army Royall said: case of any reasonably possi- ble war, no part of tlie central Eura- sian land mass could be effectively reached by strategic bombing from bases on or near the North Amer- ican continent or from bases In tho Philippines. Even from any of the Atlantic island nations or from Ja- pan or Alaska, frequent and Inten- sive strategic bombing could touch only fragmentary parts of central Eurasia." Minnesota Educators Ask More State Aid edu- cators, ending their 34th annual short course at the University of Minnesota last night, today were committed to a program of more state aids. Panel discussions over the two- day schoolmen's program recom- mended that the state: Provide a central planning center .'or school construction, with the university and state education de- mrtment cooperating to aid com- munities In long-range educational programs. Enlarge facilities at agricultural schools and brandies to aflord vocational training. Rniso .stnto aid to equalize the iblllty of communities to provide adequate school plants. ;