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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 25, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLDER TONIGHT, WARMER SATURDAY SUPPORT YOURY.M.C.A. VOLUME 49, NO. 32 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 25, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES y Get: 0-3 0-Y Russ Spies Seek A-Bomh Secrets Washington The House un-American activities commit- tee says the Russians have as- signed "several spy rings" to atomic secrets alone. In addition, the committee says, it recently uncovered se- cret orders from abroad to So- viet spy leaders in this country "listing 20-odd categories of in- formation they want on the ar- med strength of this country." The committee told of these activities in a pamphlet called "spotlight on spies." issued last night. It is mostly questions and answers, based on investi- gations and hearings made last year. It omits names of anybody it suspects of espionage. But it says "you can be sure" that spies are after our govern- ment secrets "right now." On the extent of this activity, it says: "Naturally we can never know the exact size, bur for- mer ringleaders have confessed there are thousands of Russian agents, as well as many more thousands of Americans, who are selling us down the river." The committee recalled that F.B.I. Director J. Edgar Hoo- ver once told it there are 000 members of the Communist party in this country, and that communists claim that for ev- ery member ten others are "ready, willing and able to do the party work." "This it said, "that at a time of national crisis, the United States would have near- ly persons who are either spies, traitors, or sabo- teurs working against us from within. "Can our country afford Americans are used to do the actual stealing of secrets, the committee said. It says these are passed along to communist couriers, then to Soviet agents for relay to Moscow. Some of the information, it said, goes out in diplomatic mail that is immune from search. It told also of the use of films hidden in pocket mirrors, tooth- paste tubes, toys, and safety razors. While the Russians want the production secrets of the A- bomb more than anything else, the committee said, it knows too of the filching of secrets on aviation, submarines and steel processing. As for what should be done about espionage, the committee advised patriotic Americans to report all suspicious activities to the F.BiL, army or navy in- telligence, local police or the committee. The Alsops Reds Keep Europe In Jitters By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington. The classic des- cription of meaningless maneuver- Ing Is given in the ancient qua- train: "The good old Duke of York; he had men. He marched them up the hill; then marched them down again." It is pretty im- portant to realize that the Krem- lin's current moves probably have very little more practical meaning than the doings of the mutton- headed duke, despite the jitters they are causing everywhere. At the moment, for instance, those who want an excuse for op- posing the Atlantic pact are say- ing that the inclusion of Norway was "needlessly provocative." This directly results, of course, from a carefully calculated campaign of threats to keep Norway out of the Atlantic pact which was launched months ago. At that time the Soviet Ambas- sador at Stockholm, Chernychev, began to work on the Swedes. Fin- land, he roared, would be invaded If Norway Joined the pact. Perhaps, he muttered, Norway would be Invaded too. The Swedes, who wanted to preserve Scandinavian isolation in any case, were easily convinced. They in turn persuaded j the more nervous European for-! eign offices. Eventually, the story showed up here. It was given added color by a series of shrewdly plan- ned episodes, such as the Soviet note to Norway. FINALLY, THIS PARTICULAR engagement in the war of nerves reached its climax about a fort- night ago. Pravda roared a few decibels more loudly against the "unco-operative" Finns. The Soviet ambassador at Helsinki, General Savonenkov, behaved with a rude- ness that was unusual even for him The arrival of the 1928 class ol red army recruits and the de- parture of the class of 1925 was made the occasion for much march- ing and counter-marching along (Continued on Page 7, Column 6.) ALSOPS 'Swoose' to Star! On Final Flight Los 30" tome queen only warplanc in service from Dec ember 7, 1941. to V-J day, is mak- ing the first leg of her last flight. The heroine of William L. White s book, "Queens Die leaves here for Chicago. There she'll be imngared until the Smithsonian Institution's national air museum Is built in Washington, D. C. And in the museum the lone sur- vivor of the original U. S. Far Eastern Air Force will find her fi- nal resting place, along with other battle-scarred sky veterans. At her controls tomorrow will be the man who skippered her through the war Colonel Frank Kurtz, for- merly of Los Angeles and now of Washington, D. C. Four members of her original crew also will be abroad: Major Harry Schrieber, Galveston, Texas, her "navigator; Captain Roland Moone, Hemet, Calif., gunner: Ma- jor Charles T. Reeves, Bakersfleld. Calif., bombardier, and Captain Harold Varner, San Rafael, Calif., crew chief. The Swoose flew 100 to 150 com- bat hours every month for seven months bombing land installations and shipping and shooting down attacking Zeros. The colonel doesn't know the ton- nage of bombs she dropped or the Milwaukee Police Question Elopers Air Force Takes Over Defense Of Philippines By Spencer Davis U. S. Air Force is taking over the primary defen- ses for the Philippines. Informed opinion in Manila says that in line with this over-all pol- icy the small Sangley Point naval air station near Manila is being closed down. Sangley Point is one of dozen naval air stations in the Pa cific which the Navy said recently were being made inoperative for economy reasons. Rear Admiral Ralph W. Christie, retiring commander in the Philip- pines, said in San Francisco Thurs- day that the Philippines soon would be stripped of TJ. air sea power. Milton Babich, 19, and Kathleen Birmingham, 17, were questioned in Milwaukee about the slaying of Patricia Birmingham, 16, younger sister of Kathleen, Patricia's weighted body .was found in the Mil- waukee river March 20. Youngdahl's Finance Plan Threatened St. Paul Governor half S. Naval and American strategists are said to feel that strong Air Force units based on Okinawa to the north can provide adequate defenses for this entire area. Backing up Okinawa Clark Field air base, north of Manila. modern Senate Leaders Fight to Block EGA Funds Cut Taft Leads. Fight On Grant to Europe By Don Whitehead Washington Democratic leaders tightened ranks in the Sen- ate today to block any move to cut the European re- covery program. They faced a powerful group of lawmakers, headed by Senator Taft who think Western Eur- ope can get along with from one to three billions less than the ad- ministration has asked for the Mar- shall plan's second year. Majority Leader Lucas (D-H1.) was confident the leadership would be able to defeat any reduction move in a final vote today. "I don't think there will be any amendments Lucas told reporters. "I think the Senate will pass the bill as it came from the foreign relations committee." The committee approved a bill to let the Economic Cooperation administration spend during the three months starting April 3, for the 12. months following, and in contracts beyond June 1950. This authorizes, the amount to be spent, but the cash must be pro- vided by appropriation. How Much to Spend Unlike the case a year ago, the issue before the Senate now is not whether the recovery program will be carried on. The question is how much should be spent for it in the next 15 months. Taft argued yesterday that ship- ments to Europe will keep going even if Congress doesn't give E.C.A. any mone yuntil July 1. He said E.C.A actually has spent only out of the provided last year. Be- With Ice Expected to be cleared at Sault Ste. Marie within a few days, this fleet of ore vessels of the Pittsburgh Steamship Company, a U. S. Steel subsidiary, is ready to leave basin at Milwaukee where they have, been tied up all winter. Hauling iron ore and limestone from Minnesota and Michigan to lower lake ports, each ship travels as much as miles during the navigation season. CAP. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) Father Quizzed in Death 'S cause oi this he questioned tne need miles asked for the npr- next three months. Term Fine of Assessed by Federal Judge Loses Citizenship Automatically on Treason Conviction Mildred X. (Axis Sally) Gillars today was sen- tenced to ten to 30 years in prison for treason. Federal Judge Edward M. Curran also fined her Miss Gillars, 48-year-old Maine- born woman, was convicted March 19. Sentence was delayed until her attorneys could argue motions for a new trial. Just before passing sentence. Judge Curran denied these motions. James J. Laughlin, attorney for Miss Gillars, served notice of an appeal. He told reporters the case would be fought up to the supreme court. Miss Gillars broadcast the "Axis Sally" program for the nazi radio during the war. Her treason convic- tion was based on the broadcast of one propaganda drama called "Vi- sion of Invasion." Before passing sentence, Judge Curran remarked that the trial evi- dence showed that Miss Gillars did not take part in high, level nazl propaganda policy conferences as was the case of Douglas Chandler and Robert Henry Best. Chandler and Best were other Americans who gave propaganda aid to the Germans. They were tried Fon du Lac, for treason at Boston and sentenced continued the quizzing today of Urban to life_ f WJl QU JjitU) j----J. Strobel. 33, in whose bedroom the beaten body of his two-year-old son Chief James Caliill said Strobel had denied any connection with the death of the baby, Michael. The father was being held without charge. Cahill said the infant was found about 4 a. ,m. in a curtained-oS corner of tne room, wrapped in a blanket and under two pillows, his t 11 H inHnrtori in thp But Senator Connally jaw fractured in two places and his manent instaLations inciaaea in me chairman of the foreigll relations I face bruised, signed wfth committee, ,and Senator Vanden-j Mr. and Mr, strobel and their St. raui .ulund ,youui was aeiiiuieu. nic> unut; Youngdahl's whole state finance i released to the custody of her par- program is threatened with death' ents. Milwaukee, Babich, 19, returned here from Minneapolis for questioning in the murder of 16-year-old Patricia Birmingham, admitted Thursday that he was in the vicinity where she was last seen at about the time she disappeared February 10. The youth was questioned by De- tective Captain Adolph Kraemer. Youth Detained After three hours' questioning the was detained. His bride was if a cut were made. Vandenberg hinted he might fa- vor a cut later if it is justified by new facts but he said he any across the in the house of representatives. This became evident Thursday as the house tax committee came within two votes of killing the gov- ernor's beer tax proposal, finally tabling it until a later showdown is held. ernment. Lack of a strong, potential en- emy fleet such as existed before Japan was destroyed as a naval power has changed many of the strategic concepts for the defense of the Phillippines and adjacent areas. Baltimore Fire Loss As Market Burns destroyed one! France and although you hate state half of the old Lexington market] socialism you have poured billions early this morning. The east sec-jinto the operations of state social- tionof the rambling one-story stru-j ism in England." -cart of it 146 years In New York Senator Wherry (R- r. t -IsraHnml Tnrhlct.rinl commee, an -Mr_ and Mrs> strobe an er berg top foreign relationsithree children all slept in one room Republican, argued that the 3 two-story house they shar- of supplies to Europe would stop ed with and jjjs. Glen Herbert and their ten children. Mrs, Strobel returned from her shift as a waitress about 3 found only two would oppose any across thei fa husband in the bed, the board" cut such as Taft suggested. hl f id sh roused the cniei saia. one cue Bitter criticism of E C.A .came j jn tne house but their frantic from Senator Capehart for Michael fai-ied. a_ speech he made last night in; Chicago. Capehart advocated slashing pro- from the E.C.A gram. He argued American tax- payers are supporting monarchies in Denmark, Holland, Greece and Norway, and added: The mother dashed out to the street and a passing motorist took her to police headquarters. As she poured out her story there Herbert telephoned with the news that the little boy had been found dead. The previous evening's events Kraemer said there were "sev- eral discrepancies" in Babich's statements and that he "changed his story several times." iwas gutted. Kraemer announced that "an! Milton A. Elgin, assistant super- orway, ana aaaeu. f-'---- "You are supporting with your were reconstructed by the cruel ol dollars a republic of minorities in police like this: strokei returned .home from a movie and sat downstairs chatting with Mrs. Herbert. They heard the baby crying upstairs and Strobel cture Neb.) told the National Industrial Conference board: "Those who Kraemer announced that "an miiton A. jugin, aupcj.- _ _..... _______________important witness has estimated the damage sponsored the Marshall held. but declined to identify him other j at He pointed out theiently believe it has; its Most members of the commit-jthan to say he is "a man meat markets, produce stalls, major purpose of insulat "S West tee opposing the beer tax are ex- the city." Ivegtable stands and grocery stores ern Europe against communism for pected also to fight the increased: A search for the mystery heavily stocked for Friday-we have, before us the North At-, hw rimr Vniinirrtahl I Saturday trade. llantic pact. took a bottle to the bedroom. The crying stopped and the father re- tinued the conversation. tliJV UV iifeiiu levies urged by Gov. Youngdahl liquor and cigarettes. j it was quor an cgarees. it was believed he may be a: These are the only tax in-iman who, Babich said, pushed the] creases in the governor's car when it developed mo-j state expense program. If they arejtor trouble. If the man verifies) killed, either his mental health and Babich's story, it may give the other projects die with them, an aiiDi for the time of the tired about midnight. One of the Herbert children went to bed about the same time and noticed all three Strobel children asleep in their I bed. Kansas City Pinballjuke Operator Slain Kansas tf) Gunmen in a specially equipped automobile mur- dered a country club manager on a downtown street yesterday and escaped, leaving police virtually no clues. Officers said the slaying of Wolf C. Rimann, 43, Hillcrest Country club manager and also head of a pinball machine and juke box bus- iness, was carefully planned. Two men shot Rimann as he stood beside his car and fled in an auto- mobile driven by a third person. Police later found the getaway car abandoned. It was specially equip- ped with a hidden gun compart- ment and a siren. Chief of Police Henry W. Johnson men had cleaned it before using j He said he believed the machine had been kept in hiding while the killers saved it for a special job. Wyman, Olivier Academy Winners Hostility in the house to the gov- ernor's general financial and spending program has been evident for some time. Some of the rep- resentatives oppose Youngdahl's plans because they believe his pro- gram is too extravagant. Others believe in loosening liquor and gambling controls, and are bitter against Youngdahl because of his opposition to this. The "wet" inter- ests are strong in the house and naturally are against any further increases in liquor taxes. Gov. Youngdahl's supporters now must see how much strength they can rally behind his tax plans, and undoubtedly will make every effort to persuade house leadership to go along at least part way. The governor's situation is made more serious by the fact that tax bills must originate in the house. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Clearing and somewhat colder tonight; low near the freezing point. Saturday fair with rising temperature in the afternoon: high 52. LOCAL WEATHER Babich and Patricia's sister, Kathleen, 17, were flown here after they were picked up in Minneapolis Wednesday during a nation-wide search. The couple eloped to Kalamazoo, Mich., last Friday and were mar- hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 60; minimum, 36 number of Japanese fighters she downed. He and his crew were too busy for bookwork, he said. She fought through the Philip- pines, New Guinea, Dutch East dies and Celebes campaigns, col-'tonight at lecting her full share of flak andirow at bullet scars, Additional weather on Page 16. Hollywood Silence and Shakespeare won academy awards for Jane Wyman and Sir Laurence Olivier last night. Miss Wyman, 35-year-old grad- uate of B pictures, was named best 'actress of 1948 for playing the deaf-mute in "Johnny Belinda." Olivier was given Hollywood's high- est honor for his performance as ried there before going to Minnea-j..Hamiet." His British production polls Monday, On that day, they said, they (Continued on Page 1U, Column 6.) ELOPERS State Assistance Payments Increase St. total pay- ments for all public assistance pay- ments were up over Jan- uary. Jarle Leirfallom, state director social welfare, said that total payments and obligations for Feb- ruary were This is about in February, was also named the best picture of the year, making the first time the award has been handed across the sea. It was also a great night for the Hustons. Son John walked off with two gold statuettes for his writing and direction of "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre." Father Walter sprinted down the aisle to claim his best supporting actor award as the wily prospector in the same film. Claire Trevor was selected the best supporting actress as the drunk- en gun-moll in "Key also directed by John Huston. Miss formerly Sarah Janeolks goo.000 More than 50 per cent of the in- she won keeping my mouth crease is attributed by Leirfallom shut. t. thp 1n hottp-pd n The British "Hamlet bettered U. thp 1n Tpaintenance ree Case loads Scrtased between S. films by copping five awards January and February for aU pro- Osier's statuettes were received erams Average grants increasdiby friend Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. fTSfd age aid ?o theJThe British star was reported busy blind and aid to dependent children on other jobs and nursing a case ___ ___ _____ flu Official observations for the 24 j families, although the average i of nu. ours ending at 12 m. today: __ grant per a dependent. child show-! The: Motion s vo ed a slight decrease from January. Leirfallom said the maintenance ters selected "Buttons and Bows" from "The Paleface" as the best film song. cases and increased for the Speci awards wen to Ivan family cases. Ijandl of "The Search" for she best juvenile performance; WalterWang- juvenue purioriiiaiiuc, wanci vvniis j-iic er for "Joan of Jerry Wald smallest in the academy's 21-year for consistently high quality pro- duction; the French "Monsieur Vin- cent" was named the best foreign language film. "You are now going on 49, Judge Curran asked. Miss Gillars replied. The judge then pronounced sentence. First, Curran, after denying the motion for a new trial, directed that Miss Gillars stand up. He asked I her if she cared to say anything, explaining that she did not have to do so. She immediately launched into long statement which the judge call- 'ed an argument. He said he did not want her to make an argument, commentine that her attorney, James J. Laugh- in, already had done that. She said several times, "I don't understand" how the jury convicted ;r. Miss Gillars was convicted of one of eight alleged treasonable acts on which the government offered evi- dence. No evidence was presented on two others set forth in the in- dictment. The "Vision of Invasion" was broadcast by the nazis a month be- fore the allies landed in Normandy. Miss1 Gillars portrayed Evelyn, an Ohio mother who dreamed her son was killed in the invasion. The government charged the broadcast was beamed to Americans at home and abroad as part of nazi propaganda and as an Instrument of psychological warfare. Conferees Race Against Rent Deadline By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington Senate and House conferees tackled the job to- day of ironing out "home rule" and other differences between the separate rent bills passed by the two branches of Congress. Hanging over the conference group is the expiration of the pres- ent rent control law next Thursday, March 31. The House bill would continue controls 15 months. The Senate measure calls for a 12-to 15-month extension. But there are other sharper dif- ferences. For example, the Senate bill lets states, cities and towns junk fed- eral rent curbs at any time, pro- vided the governor approves. How- ever, a state legislature could pass a decontrol measure over the gov- ernor's veto. The House bill, on the other hand, allows states, counties, cities and towns to remove controls, and It makes no provision for approval by the governor. Here is another main difference: The House bill requires the fed- eral housing expediter to fix rent ceilings at a level to guarantee landlords a "reasonable return on the reasonable value" of their prop- erty. In lieu of that, the Senate, meas- ure allows some rent increases up to ten per cent in two steps. One five per cent increase could be put into effect October 1, 1949. A sec- ond for the same amount could was the fastest andiinees. A crowd of puny by be charged April 1, 1950. waa __ _____ tVn Gronped Tojether at Hollywood after last night's Academy award presentations are the major win- ners. Left to right: Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., holding the oscars awarded to Sir Laurence Olivier as best actor and for the best picture; Claire Trevor, best supporting actress; Jerry Wald, winner of the Irving Thalberg award for "most consistent high quality of Jane Wyman, best actress; Walter Huston, best supporting actor. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Hollywood standards, cheered the film famous as they entered the lative increase boost rents more s tuxgdos dampened by a But in no. case could the cumu- historv The wards were nanaea mm lamous as uiey cutcicu out in cafeteria style at the acad- neighborhood playhouse in gowns than 15 per cent above the level erny's own toetter, before an aud- "f 30- the base for fle- ience of 950, mostly press and nom- drizale. of June 30, 1947, the base for flg- ;