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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 24, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Rain And Windy Tonight And Thursday Sell Unneeded Items With Want Ads NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 104 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 24, 1954 TWENTY PAGES: Ike Suggests McCarthy Step Aside SHOWERED ASHES ON TANKER H-Blast Out of Control By WILLIAM J. WAUGH PEARL HARBOR MV-The hydrogen explosion March 1 at Bi kini by one congressional observer as so tre- mendous that it was out of radioactive ash on a U. S. Navy tanker carrying 92 crewmen. The Navy in a cautiously worded announcement last night disclosed the incident but said "No apparent injury to crewmen exists." The 14th Naval District here said the tanker Patapsco had received "a slight and not a dangerous contamination of radio- active fallout." It did not say how far the vessel, one of the fleet supporting the test task force, was from the scene of the explosion. Twenty-three Japanese fisher- men were burned seriously in a shower of nuclear ashes from the same blast. 80 miles away ficial hazard zone. In addition, 28 American tech- nicians and 264 Marshall Islands harmful effects from the slight exposure." One source said the blood count of some crewmen was low for a time but had been corrected. Lt. James W. Downing of New- ark, Mo., commanded the tanker. It carried six officers and 86 men. In discussing the blast today, President Eisenhower said some- thing must have happened that sur- They said they and astonished the scient- i'ay and outside the of jets Counterfeiter Who Makes Bills By Hand Sought ALBERT LEA, Minn. Wl _ A counterfeiter who makes his bills by hand free hand is the object of a search by Sheriff Carl Lmdahl of Freeborn County j takes up today a bill fo slash ex_ Senate Ready To Debate Tax Cut Measure Administration Facing Fight to Block More Slashes gy WASHINGTON HALL Senate and northern Iowa officials. The else taxes by almost a billion dol- 20, three more of the bills were the flashpoint were exposed to milder radiation. Rep. Chet Holifield (D-Calif) said Monday the explosion "was so far beyond what was predicted that you might say it was out of control." He said it had blasted "a tremendous hole in the ocean floor." The Navy said the Patapsco was laid up at Pearl Harbor "for checking and complete decon- tamination." "It has been established that no apparent possibility of injury to crewmen the Navy said. "All members of the crew were removed from the ship and given thorough medical examinations as an extra safety measure. This ex- amination gave no evidence of any TODAY H-Bomb Dooms Big Cities "By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP view of the news from the Pacific, where a hydrogen bomb with at least five hundred times the power of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima has been tested, a recent decision by the National Security Council is worth reporting. This decision calls for the evacuation of all major American target cities, in case of enemy air attack, once an effec- tive early warning system has been established. It is an astonishing idea, if you think about of America's great cities lying naked and empty cf people. Yet as explained by its real author, Civil Defense Admin- istrator Val Petersen, former gov- ernor of Nebraska, the idea makes at-least as much sense as anything makes in this strange age, "The cities arc Peter- sen says flatly. The first hydrogen bomb, with less than half the pow- er of the bomb just tested, caused an entire large island to disappear. A bomb which can blow an island out of the water can blow any city off the map. Indeed, the hydrogen bomb is in a sense a gilding of the modern large atomic bomb will destroy any but a handful of huge cities. Results Studied In this situation, the "duck when you hear a bang" kind of civil defense is worse than useless. Pet- ersen caused a study to be made of the results of a successful at- tack with modern nuclear weapons on the 67 major population centers in this country, assuming this kind of civil defense..The results were conservatively estimated at hospital cases and people killed outright. as a practical Petersen asked, "how are you go- ing to bury The answer is that this kind of mass slaughter simply cannot be per- mitted to happen. Short of a total defense in the no in- formed man believes possible there is only one way to prevent it. This is to get the people out of the cities before the bombs fall. Manly and Northwood, Iowa. Strauss, chairman atomic drawn bills yet tavern at Glenville, near here. It investigation of, the explosion. pack of beer and cigarettes bought But the President said that from by two men who pocketed change what he has been able to learn in good money. thus far the reports of possible in- juries to persons who were rela- likeness of Andrew Jackson on its lively close to the blast are more side. Many fine lines serious than the actual results of scrollwork shows the "artist" put the explosion on them justified. in long hours of painstaking work. first report of the phony U J "I, T money came from Lake yearly> Wlth the admmistra- lowa, March 12. On March 19 or tion facing a fight to prevent furth- er cuts in revenue. Both Sen. Millikin floor manager for the measure, and Majority Leader Knowland (R-Calif) predicted the bill would go through without any substantial change. No Need for Emergency Action On Unemployment, Ike Declares Late Easter May Be Holding Up Buying, He Says By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON Ei- senhower said today there nothing in the current unemploy- ment situation calling for emer- gency action. Eisenhower was reminded by a reporter that he had said March probably would be the key month in determining whether a slump in business and employment would be offset by new gains The President replied that he had implied that March was a sig- nificant month because there is usually an upturn in business in this month. He said, however, that he had not promised any immediate But unlike the House, the Senate j launching of large scale counter- Three-Yea r-Old Bruce Emery finds these 10-weeks-old bear cubs don't like to take an afternoon nap any more than he does himself. The cubs were found in the woods by a game warden after their mother had been shot. They are being raised at a game farm at Gray, Maine. (AP Wirephoto) ments- to be offered freely. Thus industries which would get no tax relief in the excise mea sure as presented to the House by its Ways and Means Committee will have their first new opportun ity to seek cuts in the Senate. The Senate leadership hopes to get final action on the bill by Fri- day. The measure then will have to go to conference with the House to iron out differences. The sales tax changes would take effect a week from tomorrow. Hit Excise Cuts Attempts will be made in the Senate to knock out the excise cuts in the bill as well as to add new reductions. But the major administration challenge appears to come from three amendments sponsored by Sen. Douglas (D-IU) which would cut the automobile excise tax from 10 to 7 per cent; -eliminate the 10 per cent levy oa a wide range of household appliances including re- frigerators, stoves, freezers, iron- ers, dryers, dish washers and toasters; and cut the tax on tele- vision and radio sets and phono- graphs from 10 to 5 per cent. These proposals would boost the tax reductions in the bill by about 530 million dollars. As passed by the House, the bill cut about 25 excises by 912 million dollars. The Senate Finance Committee, which Millikin heads, eliminated a few of the House cuts but added others of its own so that the total revenue loss would be 958 million a year. The bill would also extend for a year beyond April 1 a series of major excise increases voted in 1951 after the Korean War began considers tax legislation under measure! by "in- procedure that permits amend- stead, he said, he had pledged a new examination of the problem which was causing real concern. Drop After War He said that always after the end of war there was a drop in production, adding that employ- ment went down at the same time. He said unemployment has been rising since last July, but added that the reports for March are not all in. One thing that is affecting the situation, the President said, is that Easter is late this year and the ladies just haven-t been buying yet. He said that nothing has yet de- veloped which would call for a slam bang emergency program be- ing applied at this moment. Precipitate action might actually upset the situation rather than help it, Eisenhower declared. But he said almost every con- ceivable kind of program is under consideration and study. On other matters, the President: Sen. Everett M. Dirksen left, and Sen. Joseph McCarthy chairman of the Senate Investigating Subcommittee are shown in Washington, en route to a secret meeting of the sub- committee to discuss plans for its forthcoming hearings on Mc- Carthy's row with the Army. GOP leaders were applying increas- ing pressure today to get McCarthy to step down from the com- mittee during the inquiry. (UP Telephoto) Better Selling Urged On Farm Surpluses By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON of Agriculture Benson's plan for a 1. Said, regarding the tense situ- "better selling job" to dispose of some of this nation's huge farm ation in Indochina, it is important j surpluses had support today from senators critical of other Benson autos, Talks With Red China Opposed By JACK BELL WASHINGTON M-Sen. George (D-Ga) proposed today that the United States refuse to discuss the Indochina question with the Chi- nese Reds at Geneva and concen- trate on seeking a Korean settle-1 United Nations. Senate ought to be represented in a bipartisan way at next month's five-power meeting at Geneva, Switzerland, to bolster the admin- istration's expressed determination not to let Red China into the Items affected include trucks, cigarettes, liquor, beer and gasoline. Would Help Business Douglas argues that his amend- ments would give a needed shot in the arm to consumer purchases in the current business downturn He says the cuts he proposes should reduce prices of autos by major appliances by to the free world to have a settle- ment there in favor of those who want to live their own lives against Communist aggression. 2. Said there is no change in the United States attitude regarding Red China, in connection with the conference to be held at Geneva next month. Red China will be represented there, but not as one proposals. Sens. Young Russell (D-Ga) and EUender in separate interviews, said they approved Benson's proposals for moving more U. S. wheat, cotton and other farm surpluses into j foreign and domestic outlets. j All three oppose administration I proposals to let present rigid farm price supports on at the end oi United States so far has refused to recognize Communist China on basic crops this year in price prop that basis. 3. Warmly praised House Re- publicans who led a successful fight last week against a Demo- cratic move to cut personal income taxes. The President also noted S50 and of about ment. Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of the George, senior Democrat on the Foreign Relations Committee Senate Foreign Relations Commit- agreed the Senate ought to be rep- tee, said in an interview he is j resented. opposed to giving the Chinese Com- j "It would be a good opportunity munists even the implied recog-1 to learn the changing facts of the nition he contended is involved in negotiating with them on problems of an area where their troops are not directly involved. In .that connection, he said the This is only possible, of course, (Continued on Page 9, Column 3) ALSOPS Hemingway Wins New Writing Award VENICE, Italy Lfl Ernest Hem- ingway said today he was doubly happy to win the award of merit of the American Academy of Arts and Letters because the news "came to me here in Venice. Reporters told the noted author of the award when he and his Minnesota-born wife came down from their Gritti Hotel apartment for what he described as his first tonic of the day a stiff cock- tail. 13 Freight Cars Derailed on CNW Line Near Wausau WAUSAU, Wis. UPI Thirteen cars of a Chicago and North West- ern freight train were derailed Tuesday night at Marathon, 10 miles west of here. Seven cars, including a number of oil tank cars, were tipped over. There was no fire and no one was reported injured. A wrecker was sent from the Green Bay yards to clear the track which runs between here and Marshfield. Pope Takes Auto Ride fn Vatican Gardens VATICAN CITY (B-Pope .Pius XII took an automobile ride in the Vatican gardens today for the first time since he became gravely ill two months ago. Millikin contends, on the other hand, that the Treasury cannot stand the additional loss of more than half a billion in revenue Sen. George leading Democratic spokesman on matters, said he believes amendment on household ances will be adopted. wine, I that the Republicans had the help I of some Democrats. 4. Said he has made no decision on whether to replace Gordon R. Clapp as chairman of the Tennes- see Valley Authority. 5. Asserted vigorously that the FBI files are inviolate so far as the possibility of making them available to congressional investi- gators is concerned. 6. Said British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was entirely ac- curate in telling the House ofj Commons Tuesday that the United States and Britain have arranged for instant consultations in the event of any attack by an aggres- tax the appli- world at first he said. Secretary of State Dulles told his news conference yesterday he has made no decision whether to invite a bipartisan congressional group to go with him to Geneva. He said he expects to discuss this soon with key legislative leaders. "The Russians undoubtedly will I put on a drive at Geneva to He said in an interview many of these appliances clearly were necessities which get no relief in the present bill. On the other hand such items as furs and night club admissions are reduced. "We ought to be ashamed of ourselves" for cutting luxuries and not necessi- ties, George said. First Towboat of Season at St. Paul he ChineseComnistsin would result in lower government- assured prices. Russell suggested at a hearing Tuesday that farmers be allowed to decide what kind of pric support system they want. Benson while voicing some reservation said he was confident farmer would make the correct decisio if they had all the facts. The secretary told a Senat Appropriations subcommittee th government has 6% billion dollar tied up in farm commodities and this may jump to more tha 8 billion dollars before this yea ends. "We do not intend to dum surpluses anywhere, either at horn or Benson said, addin commercial sales an sor. 7. Declined to comment on Sen- ate rejection Tuesday of a resolu- tion to unseat Sen. Chavez 8. Expressed anew belief that the legislative program he sent to Congress represents a crying need to assure an upturn in the econo- my, happiness for all, and a stronger America. Eisenhower said the longer action on the program is put off. the longer we fail to take advantage of our oppor- tunities. 9. Characterized his conference with Gen. Douglas MacArthur last week as purely an exchange of views on the world situation be- tween two old friends. Eisenhower relief uses" must provide outlets Benson said trade missions woul leave soon for Europe, Asia am Latin America in an effort t expand world trade throug regular commercial channels. Sen, Young, chairman of th said theyreachedno derive co, tt? fte 1 c3 First boat in was the 500-horse- United George said. "I believe a majority of the j power Cree Senate members of both parties oppose any such recognition for the Chinese Communists and op- pose negotiating with them on any- thing except Korea, where they were directly involved. "I don't think we ought to join in any negotiations with them about However, Wiley said he assumed Dulles would try to bring peace in both Korea and Indochina. He said he thinks both issues must be settled ultimately with Russia. "If the Kremlin wants which I something may be he said, "But if the Kremlin doesn't want peace, then nothing will be accom- plished." George, regarded as an unoffi- cial spokesman for Senate Demo- crats on foreign policy matters, said he hopes this country doesn't become too deeply involved in In- dochina. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and rain, and windy tonight and Thurs- day. A little warmer. Low tonight 38, high Thursday 48 LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 ra. today- Maximum, 50; minimum, 26, noon, 36; precipitation, light snow- sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Centra! Observations) Max. temp. 45 at p.m. Tues- day. Low 34 at noon today. Other noon ceiling at 500 feet, visibility of a mile with snow, wind from the east at 14 miles per hour, barometer at 29.97 falling and humidity, 89 per cent. elusions and had not intended to do so. ering a request for just under 70i million dollars to operate thi Agriculture not to support "we could be doing a great deal more in moving these surpluses." Korea alone will need more than a billion dollars worth of postwar aid, Young said, "and there is no reason why much of this shoulc not be surplus food because they are starving." Benson testified that indicated supplies of wheat and cotton before the 1954 crops come in are large enough to take care of a full year's domestic consumption. Dairymen Suggest 'Milk Break' Instead of Coffee CHICAGO The Ameri- can Dairy Assn. today an- nounced plans for a campaign to substitute a "milk break" for the "coffee break" mil- lions American workers take each day during working hours. The association at its annual meeting approved a four mil- lion dollar advertising cam- paign aimed at boosting sales of dairy products. Roy 0. Mithun, whose agen- cy will handle the account, said "advertising has helped to fill the human stomach with cake, pop, orange juice and beer until there's practically no room left for milk." He said the goal cf the cam- paign is to "get a milk dis- penser into every factory and office in the land." Herrell de Graff, professor of food economics at Cornell Uni- versity, Ithaca, N. Y., told the convention "if one person in four in the nation drank just one more glass of milk a day there would be no surplus." Some 400 dairy men, farm- ers and processors are attend- ing the two-day 15th annual meeting. Chavez Retains Senate Seat By53-36Vote WASHINGTON ffl-A solid pha- lanx of Senate Democrats has turned back a Republican attempt to unseat veteran Sen. Chavez By so doing, they sue- Should Not Sit In Judgment on Own Case, Belief Senator Discounts Row OverSchine as 'Blown Up Squabble' By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON wi President Eisenhower replied to a question about Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) to- day by saying: in cases where a man is a party to a dispute in or should not be permitted to sit in judgment. The President declined at a newi conference to express an opinion on McCarthy's demands for the right to cross-examine witnesses in the forthcoming Senate investi- gation of his controversy with Army officials. As is his custom in connection with questions regarding Mc- Carthy, the President said he has no feelings regarding any partic- ular situation. But he said he was ready to put himself on record with respect to the general situation. It was then be declared that a man should not sit in judgment on his own case. McCarthy, asked at the Capitol for comment on the President's statement, said "I don't see there's any issue between us. We agree with each other completely." McCarthy added: "It was decided long ago, that I would not vote on these matters. I'm not sitting in judgment. "I might add that I think the American people are getting awful- ly sick of this idea of holding up the work an important commit- tee because of this blown-up squa- bble involving Conn and Adams." Roy Conn'is counsel to McCar- thy's Senate investigations sub- committee and John Adams is counsel for the Department of the Army. Both are involved in the current dispute along with McCar- thy and Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens. McCarthy has agreed to step aside as a member of the sub- committee when it looks into charges that Army officials tried to "blackmail" the group into dropping an investigation of al- leged Communists on Army rolls. Will Ask Questions But the senator has insisted should be permitted to cross-ex- amine Army witnesses and that Army officials should be permitted to cross-examine him when he takes the witness chair. The President was asked for his evaluation of McCarthy's position that he would give up his right to vote on the committee but would (Continued on Page 12, Column 5.) IKE Sen. Dennis Chavez cessfully defended their slim one- margin over the GOP in the Senate. All of Chavez' 47 Democratic olleagues joined with five Repub- licans and independent Sen. Morse if Oregon last night to aeffiat the luster resolution 53-36. Chavez did not vote. As a result, Chavez now has a irm hold on the Senate seat he has occupied since 1935 and the Democrats still outnumber the republicans in the Senate 48-47. The defeated resolution declared lat the 1952 election in which lhavez outran Republican Patrick Hurley by about votes was No contest" and that Chavez' eat was vacant. Northwest Vote WASHINGTON W) Here is the Northwest senators voted uesday as the Senate, by a 53-36 oil call vote rejected a resolution declare vacant the seat of Sen. hayez Minnesota: For Thye. Against Wisconsin: For McCarthy. Not Proxmire Enters Governor Race In Wisconsin MADISON Proxmire announced today he wiil again seek the Democratic nomination for gov- ernor in the 1954 election race. He was the party's nominee in 1952. In his announcement Proxmire said: "I have decided to seek renomi- nation by the Wisconsin Democrat- ic Party for governor. "I announce my candidacy this early because we Democrats must make a long, vigorous campaign to win in 1954." Although he was defeated by Walter Kohler in the 1952 elec- tion, Proxmire received more than votes, the higest total ever received by a Democratic candi- date, for governor in Wisconsin's history. Proxmire, 38, is a resident of Blooming Grove. He is president and part owner of the Artcraft Press Corp. of Waterloo. Back-to-Work Move Reported In Dock Strike NEW YORK m A slowly, in- creasing back-to-work movement among longshoremen is reported despite renewed flareups of vio- lence on the strike-crippled water- front. Scattered fist fights, rock bar- rages and clubbings Tuesday marked the efforts of non-striking longshoremen to pass pickets lines to get to work. Five men were arrested and at least two injured, and there were two phony bomb scares one in Manhattan and the other in Brook- lyn. ;